Abstract

We demonstrate conversion from 64 × 10 Gbit/s optical time-division multiplexed (OTDM) data to dense wavelength division multiplexed (DWDM) data with 25 GHz spacing. The conversion is achieved by time-domain optical Fourier transformation (OFT) based on four-wave mixing (FWM) in a 3.6 mm long silicon nanowire. A total of 40 out of 64 tributaries of a 64 × 10 Gbit/s OTDM-DPSK data signal are simultaneously converted with a bit-error rate (BER) performance below the 2 × 10−3 FEC limit. Using a 50 m long highly nonlinear fiber (HNLF) for higher FWM conversion efficiency, 43 tributaries of a 64 × 10 Gbit/s OTDM-OOK data signal are converted with error-free performance (BER<10−9).

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2011 (6)

A. E. Willner, O. F. Yilmaz, J. Wang, X. Wu, A. Bogoni, L. Zhang, and S. R. Nuccio, “Optically efficient nonlinear signal processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 320–332 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Tucker and K. Hinton, “Energy consumption and energy density in optical and electronic signal processing,” IEEE Photon. J. 3(5), 821–833 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, H. Ji, C. Peucheret, L. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, P. Jeppesen, and J. Hvam, “15-THz tunable wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses in a silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(19), 1409–1411 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Ji, M. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, L. K. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, and P. Jeppesen, “Optical waveform sampling and error-free demultiplexing of 1.28 Tb/s serial data in a nanoengineered silicon waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(4), 426–431 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. G. Petrillo and M. A. Foster, “Scalable ultrahigh-speed optical transmultiplexer using a time lens,” Opt. Express 19(15), 14051–14059 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, C. Peucheret, H. Christian H Mulvad, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, P. Jeppesen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “Ultra-high-speed wavelength conversion in a silicon photonic chip,” Opt. Express 19(21), 19886–19894 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

M. Pu, L. Liu, H. Ou, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Ultra-low-loss inverted taper coupler for silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 283(19), 3678–3682 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Guan, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, K. Kasai, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “High time-resolution 640-Gb/s clock recovery using time-domain optical Fourier transformation and narrowband optical filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(23), 1735–1737 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C.-S. Brès, A. O. J. Wiberg, B. P.-P. Kuo, J. M. Chavez-Boggio, C. F. Marki, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Optical demultiplexing of 320 Gb/s to 8×40 Gb/s in single parametric gate,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(4), 434–442 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Lee, S. Liu, F. Parmigiani, M. Ibsen, P. Petropoulos, K. Gallo, and D. J. Richardson, “OTDM to WDM format conversion based on quadratic cascading in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Express 18(10), 10282–10288 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

E. Palushani, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, “Flat-top pulse generation by the optical Fourier transform technique for ultrahigh speed signal processing,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(11), 1317–1324 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28 Tbit/s single-polarisation serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 45(5), 280–281 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

M. A. Foster, R. Salem, D. F. Geraghty, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Silicon-chip-based ultrafast optical oscilloscope,” Nature 456(7218), 81–84 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

2004 (1)

M. Nakazawa, T. Hirooka, F. Futami, and S. Watanabe, “Ideal distortion-free transmission using optical Fourier transformation and Fourier transform-limited optical pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(4), 1059–1061 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

K. Uchiyama, H. Takara, K. Mori, and T. Morioka, “160 Gbit/s all-optical time-division demultiplexing utilising modified multiple-output OTDM demultiplexer (MOXIC),” Electron. Lett. 38(20), 1190–1191 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

C. V. Bennett and B. H. Kolner, “Principles of parametric temporal imaging—part I: system configurations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36(4), 430–437 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

F. Futami, Y. Takushima, and K. Kikuchi, “Generation of 10 GHz, 200 fs Fourier-transform-limited optical pulse train from modelocked semiconductor laser at 1.55 μm by pulse compression using dispersion-flattened fibre with normal group-velocity dispersion,” Electron. Lett. 34(22), 2129–2130 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

M. Jinno, “Effects of crosstalk and timing jitter on all-optical time-division demultiplexing using a nonlinear fiber Sagnac interferometer switch,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(12), 2842–2853 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

Alic, N.

Bennett, C. V.

C. V. Bennett and B. H. Kolner, “Principles of parametric temporal imaging—part I: system configurations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36(4), 430–437 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bogoni, A.

A. E. Willner, O. F. Yilmaz, J. Wang, X. Wu, A. Bogoni, L. Zhang, and S. R. Nuccio, “Optically efficient nonlinear signal processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 320–332 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Brès, C.-S.

Chavez-Boggio, J. M.

Christian H Mulvad, H.

Clausen, A.

E. Palushani, H.C.H. Mulvad, M. Galili, H. Hu, L.K. Oxenløwe, A. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, “OTDM-to-WDM conversion based on time-to-frequency mapping by time-domain optical Fourier transformation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top Quantum Electron. PP(99), 1–8, DOI: (2011).
[CrossRef]

Clausen, A. T.

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28 Tbit/s single-polarisation serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 45(5), 280–281 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Palushani, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, “Flat-top pulse generation by the optical Fourier transform technique for ultrahigh speed signal processing,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(11), 1317–1324 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Doerr, C. R.

Dorrer, C.

Duelk, M.

Foster, M. A.

Futami, F.

M. Nakazawa, T. Hirooka, F. Futami, and S. Watanabe, “Ideal distortion-free transmission using optical Fourier transformation and Fourier transform-limited optical pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(4), 1059–1061 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Futami, Y. Takushima, and K. Kikuchi, “Generation of 10 GHz, 200 fs Fourier-transform-limited optical pulse train from modelocked semiconductor laser at 1.55 μm by pulse compression using dispersion-flattened fibre with normal group-velocity dispersion,” Electron. Lett. 34(22), 2129–2130 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

M. A. Foster, R. Salem, D. F. Geraghty, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Silicon-chip-based ultrafast optical oscilloscope,” Nature 456(7218), 81–84 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, R. Salem, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band continuous-wave parametric wavelength conversion in silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express 15(20), 12949–12958 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Galili, M.

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, C. Peucheret, H. Christian H Mulvad, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, P. Jeppesen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “Ultra-high-speed wavelength conversion in a silicon photonic chip,” Opt. Express 19(21), 19886–19894 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, H. Ji, C. Peucheret, L. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, P. Jeppesen, and J. Hvam, “15-THz tunable wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses in a silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(19), 1409–1411 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Ji, M. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, L. K. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, and P. Jeppesen, “Optical waveform sampling and error-free demultiplexing of 1.28 Tb/s serial data in a nanoengineered silicon waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(4), 426–431 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28 Tbit/s single-polarisation serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 45(5), 280–281 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Palushani, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, “Flat-top pulse generation by the optical Fourier transform technique for ultrahigh speed signal processing,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(11), 1317–1324 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Palushani, H.C.H. Mulvad, M. Galili, H. Hu, L.K. Oxenløwe, A. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, “OTDM-to-WDM conversion based on time-to-frequency mapping by time-domain optical Fourier transformation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top Quantum Electron. PP(99), 1–8, DOI: (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gallo, K.

Geraghty, D. F.

M. A. Foster, R. Salem, D. F. Geraghty, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Silicon-chip-based ultrafast optical oscilloscope,” Nature 456(7218), 81–84 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28 Tbit/s single-polarisation serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 45(5), 280–281 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Guan, P.

P. Guan, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, K. Kasai, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “High time-resolution 640-Gb/s clock recovery using time-domain optical Fourier transformation and narrowband optical filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(23), 1735–1737 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hansen Mulvad, H. C.

P. Guan, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, K. Kasai, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “High time-resolution 640-Gb/s clock recovery using time-domain optical Fourier transformation and narrowband optical filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(23), 1735–1737 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28 Tbit/s single-polarisation serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 45(5), 280–281 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Palushani, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, “Flat-top pulse generation by the optical Fourier transform technique for ultrahigh speed signal processing,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(11), 1317–1324 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hinton, K.

R. S. Tucker and K. Hinton, “Energy consumption and energy density in optical and electronic signal processing,” IEEE Photon. J. 3(5), 821–833 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hirooka, T.

P. Guan, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, K. Kasai, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “High time-resolution 640-Gb/s clock recovery using time-domain optical Fourier transformation and narrowband optical filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(23), 1735–1737 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, T. Hirooka, F. Futami, and S. Watanabe, “Ideal distortion-free transmission using optical Fourier transformation and Fourier transform-limited optical pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(4), 1059–1061 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hu, H.

M. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, H. Ji, C. Peucheret, L. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, P. Jeppesen, and J. Hvam, “15-THz tunable wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses in a silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(19), 1409–1411 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, C. Peucheret, H. Christian H Mulvad, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, P. Jeppesen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “Ultra-high-speed wavelength conversion in a silicon photonic chip,” Opt. Express 19(21), 19886–19894 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ji, M. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, L. K. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, and P. Jeppesen, “Optical waveform sampling and error-free demultiplexing of 1.28 Tb/s serial data in a nanoengineered silicon waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(4), 426–431 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Palushani, H.C.H. Mulvad, M. Galili, H. Hu, L.K. Oxenløwe, A. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, “OTDM-to-WDM conversion based on time-to-frequency mapping by time-domain optical Fourier transformation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top Quantum Electron. PP(99), 1–8, DOI: (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hvam, J.

M. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, H. Ji, C. Peucheret, L. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, P. Jeppesen, and J. Hvam, “15-THz tunable wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses in a silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(19), 1409–1411 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hvam, J. M.

Ibsen, M.

Jeppesen, P.

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, C. Peucheret, H. Christian H Mulvad, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, P. Jeppesen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “Ultra-high-speed wavelength conversion in a silicon photonic chip,” Opt. Express 19(21), 19886–19894 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, H. Ji, C. Peucheret, L. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, P. Jeppesen, and J. Hvam, “15-THz tunable wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses in a silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(19), 1409–1411 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Ji, M. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, L. K. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, and P. Jeppesen, “Optical waveform sampling and error-free demultiplexing of 1.28 Tb/s serial data in a nanoengineered silicon waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(4), 426–431 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Palushani, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, “Flat-top pulse generation by the optical Fourier transform technique for ultrahigh speed signal processing,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(11), 1317–1324 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28 Tbit/s single-polarisation serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 45(5), 280–281 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Palushani, H.C.H. Mulvad, M. Galili, H. Hu, L.K. Oxenløwe, A. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, “OTDM-to-WDM conversion based on time-to-frequency mapping by time-domain optical Fourier transformation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top Quantum Electron. PP(99), 1–8, DOI: (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ji, H.

Jinno, M.

M. Jinno, “Effects of crosstalk and timing jitter on all-optical time-division demultiplexing using a nonlinear fiber Sagnac interferometer switch,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(12), 2842–2853 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kasai, K.

P. Guan, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, K. Kasai, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “High time-resolution 640-Gb/s clock recovery using time-domain optical Fourier transformation and narrowband optical filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(23), 1735–1737 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kikuchi, K.

F. Futami, Y. Takushima, and K. Kikuchi, “Generation of 10 GHz, 200 fs Fourier-transform-limited optical pulse train from modelocked semiconductor laser at 1.55 μm by pulse compression using dispersion-flattened fibre with normal group-velocity dispersion,” Electron. Lett. 34(22), 2129–2130 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kolner, B. H.

C. V. Bennett and B. H. Kolner, “Principles of parametric temporal imaging—part I: system configurations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36(4), 430–437 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. H. Kolner and M. Nazarathy, “Temporal imaging with a time lens,” Opt. Lett. 14(12), 630–632 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuo, B. P.-P.

Lee, K. J.

Lipson, M.

M. A. Foster, R. Salem, D. F. Geraghty, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Silicon-chip-based ultrafast optical oscilloscope,” Nature 456(7218), 81–84 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, R. Salem, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band continuous-wave parametric wavelength conversion in silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express 15(20), 12949–12958 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, L.

M. Pu, L. Liu, H. Ou, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Ultra-low-loss inverted taper coupler for silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 283(19), 3678–3682 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, S.

Marki, C. F.

Mori, K.

K. Uchiyama, H. Takara, K. Mori, and T. Morioka, “160 Gbit/s all-optical time-division demultiplexing utilising modified multiple-output OTDM demultiplexer (MOXIC),” Electron. Lett. 38(20), 1190–1191 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Morioka, T.

K. Uchiyama, H. Takara, K. Mori, and T. Morioka, “160 Gbit/s all-optical time-division demultiplexing utilising modified multiple-output OTDM demultiplexer (MOXIC),” Electron. Lett. 38(20), 1190–1191 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mulvad, H.C.H.

E. Palushani, H.C.H. Mulvad, M. Galili, H. Hu, L.K. Oxenløwe, A. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, “OTDM-to-WDM conversion based on time-to-frequency mapping by time-domain optical Fourier transformation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top Quantum Electron. PP(99), 1–8, DOI: (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, M.

P. Guan, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, K. Kasai, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “High time-resolution 640-Gb/s clock recovery using time-domain optical Fourier transformation and narrowband optical filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(23), 1735–1737 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, T. Hirooka, F. Futami, and S. Watanabe, “Ideal distortion-free transmission using optical Fourier transformation and Fourier transform-limited optical pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(4), 1059–1061 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nazarathy, M.

Nuccio, S. R.

A. E. Willner, O. F. Yilmaz, J. Wang, X. Wu, A. Bogoni, L. Zhang, and S. R. Nuccio, “Optically efficient nonlinear signal processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 320–332 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ou, H.

M. Pu, L. Liu, H. Ou, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Ultra-low-loss inverted taper coupler for silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 283(19), 3678–3682 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Oxenløwe, L.

M. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, H. Ji, C. Peucheret, L. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, P. Jeppesen, and J. Hvam, “15-THz tunable wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses in a silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(19), 1409–1411 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Oxenløwe, L. K.

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, C. Peucheret, H. Christian H Mulvad, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, P. Jeppesen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “Ultra-high-speed wavelength conversion in a silicon photonic chip,” Opt. Express 19(21), 19886–19894 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ji, M. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, L. K. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, and P. Jeppesen, “Optical waveform sampling and error-free demultiplexing of 1.28 Tb/s serial data in a nanoengineered silicon waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(4), 426–431 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28 Tbit/s single-polarisation serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 45(5), 280–281 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Palushani, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, “Flat-top pulse generation by the optical Fourier transform technique for ultrahigh speed signal processing,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(11), 1317–1324 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Oxenløwe, L.K.

E. Palushani, H.C.H. Mulvad, M. Galili, H. Hu, L.K. Oxenløwe, A. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, “OTDM-to-WDM conversion based on time-to-frequency mapping by time-domain optical Fourier transformation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top Quantum Electron. PP(99), 1–8, DOI: (2011).
[CrossRef]

Palushani, E.

E. Palushani, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, “Flat-top pulse generation by the optical Fourier transform technique for ultrahigh speed signal processing,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(11), 1317–1324 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Palushani, H.C.H. Mulvad, M. Galili, H. Hu, L.K. Oxenløwe, A. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, “OTDM-to-WDM conversion based on time-to-frequency mapping by time-domain optical Fourier transformation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top Quantum Electron. PP(99), 1–8, DOI: (2011).
[CrossRef]

Parmigiani, F.

Petrillo, K. G.

Petropoulos, P.

Peucheret, C.

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, C. Peucheret, H. Christian H Mulvad, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, P. Jeppesen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “Ultra-high-speed wavelength conversion in a silicon photonic chip,” Opt. Express 19(21), 19886–19894 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, H. Ji, C. Peucheret, L. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, P. Jeppesen, and J. Hvam, “15-THz tunable wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses in a silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(19), 1409–1411 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Pu, M.

M. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, H. Ji, C. Peucheret, L. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, P. Jeppesen, and J. Hvam, “15-THz tunable wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses in a silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(19), 1409–1411 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, C. Peucheret, H. Christian H Mulvad, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, P. Jeppesen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “Ultra-high-speed wavelength conversion in a silicon photonic chip,” Opt. Express 19(21), 19886–19894 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ji, M. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, L. K. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, and P. Jeppesen, “Optical waveform sampling and error-free demultiplexing of 1.28 Tb/s serial data in a nanoengineered silicon waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(4), 426–431 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Pu, L. Liu, H. Ou, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Ultra-low-loss inverted taper coupler for silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 283(19), 3678–3682 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Radic, S.

Raybon, G.

Richardson, D. J.

Salem, R.

M. A. Foster, R. Salem, D. F. Geraghty, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Silicon-chip-based ultrafast optical oscilloscope,” Nature 456(7218), 81–84 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, R. Salem, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band continuous-wave parametric wavelength conversion in silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express 15(20), 12949–12958 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takara, H.

K. Uchiyama, H. Takara, K. Mori, and T. Morioka, “160 Gbit/s all-optical time-division demultiplexing utilising modified multiple-output OTDM demultiplexer (MOXIC),” Electron. Lett. 38(20), 1190–1191 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Takushima, Y.

F. Futami, Y. Takushima, and K. Kikuchi, “Generation of 10 GHz, 200 fs Fourier-transform-limited optical pulse train from modelocked semiconductor laser at 1.55 μm by pulse compression using dispersion-flattened fibre with normal group-velocity dispersion,” Electron. Lett. 34(22), 2129–2130 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tucker, R. S.

R. S. Tucker and K. Hinton, “Energy consumption and energy density in optical and electronic signal processing,” IEEE Photon. J. 3(5), 821–833 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Turner, A. C.

Turner-Foster, A. C.

M. A. Foster, R. Salem, D. F. Geraghty, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Silicon-chip-based ultrafast optical oscilloscope,” Nature 456(7218), 81–84 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uchiyama, K.

K. Uchiyama, H. Takara, K. Mori, and T. Morioka, “160 Gbit/s all-optical time-division demultiplexing utilising modified multiple-output OTDM demultiplexer (MOXIC),” Electron. Lett. 38(20), 1190–1191 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

A. E. Willner, O. F. Yilmaz, J. Wang, X. Wu, A. Bogoni, L. Zhang, and S. R. Nuccio, “Optically efficient nonlinear signal processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 320–332 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, S.

M. Nakazawa, T. Hirooka, F. Futami, and S. Watanabe, “Ideal distortion-free transmission using optical Fourier transformation and Fourier transform-limited optical pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(4), 1059–1061 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wiberg, A. O. J.

Willner, A. E.

A. E. Willner, O. F. Yilmaz, J. Wang, X. Wu, A. Bogoni, L. Zhang, and S. R. Nuccio, “Optically efficient nonlinear signal processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 320–332 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Winzer, P. J.

Wu, X.

A. E. Willner, O. F. Yilmaz, J. Wang, X. Wu, A. Bogoni, L. Zhang, and S. R. Nuccio, “Optically efficient nonlinear signal processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 320–332 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yilmaz, O. F.

A. E. Willner, O. F. Yilmaz, J. Wang, X. Wu, A. Bogoni, L. Zhang, and S. R. Nuccio, “Optically efficient nonlinear signal processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 320–332 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yvind, K.

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, C. Peucheret, H. Christian H Mulvad, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, P. Jeppesen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “Ultra-high-speed wavelength conversion in a silicon photonic chip,” Opt. Express 19(21), 19886–19894 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, H. Ji, C. Peucheret, L. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, P. Jeppesen, and J. Hvam, “15-THz tunable wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses in a silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(19), 1409–1411 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Ji, M. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, L. K. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, and P. Jeppesen, “Optical waveform sampling and error-free demultiplexing of 1.28 Tb/s serial data in a nanoengineered silicon waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(4), 426–431 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Pu, L. Liu, H. Ou, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Ultra-low-loss inverted taper coupler for silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 283(19), 3678–3682 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

A. E. Willner, O. F. Yilmaz, J. Wang, X. Wu, A. Bogoni, L. Zhang, and S. R. Nuccio, “Optically efficient nonlinear signal processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 320–332 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28 Tbit/s single-polarisation serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 45(5), 280–281 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Uchiyama, H. Takara, K. Mori, and T. Morioka, “160 Gbit/s all-optical time-division demultiplexing utilising modified multiple-output OTDM demultiplexer (MOXIC),” Electron. Lett. 38(20), 1190–1191 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F. Futami, Y. Takushima, and K. Kikuchi, “Generation of 10 GHz, 200 fs Fourier-transform-limited optical pulse train from modelocked semiconductor laser at 1.55 μm by pulse compression using dispersion-flattened fibre with normal group-velocity dispersion,” Electron. Lett. 34(22), 2129–2130 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

E. Palushani, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, “Flat-top pulse generation by the optical Fourier transform technique for ultrahigh speed signal processing,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(11), 1317–1324 (2009).
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C. V. Bennett and B. H. Kolner, “Principles of parametric temporal imaging—part I: system configurations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36(4), 430–437 (2000).
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M. Jinno, “Effects of crosstalk and timing jitter on all-optical time-division demultiplexing using a nonlinear fiber Sagnac interferometer switch,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(12), 2842–2853 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. E. Willner, O. F. Yilmaz, J. Wang, X. Wu, A. Bogoni, L. Zhang, and S. R. Nuccio, “Optically efficient nonlinear signal processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 320–332 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

R. S. Tucker and K. Hinton, “Energy consumption and energy density in optical and electronic signal processing,” IEEE Photon. J. 3(5), 821–833 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

M. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, H. Ji, C. Peucheret, L. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, P. Jeppesen, and J. Hvam, “15-THz tunable wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses in a silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(19), 1409–1411 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Guan, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, K. Kasai, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “High time-resolution 640-Gb/s clock recovery using time-domain optical Fourier transformation and narrowband optical filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(23), 1735–1737 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, T. Hirooka, F. Futami, and S. Watanabe, “Ideal distortion-free transmission using optical Fourier transformation and Fourier transform-limited optical pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(4), 1059–1061 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Nature (1)

M. A. Foster, R. Salem, D. F. Geraghty, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Silicon-chip-based ultrafast optical oscilloscope,” Nature 456(7218), 81–84 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. Pu, L. Liu, H. Ou, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Ultra-low-loss inverted taper coupler for silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguide,” Opt. Commun. 283(19), 3678–3682 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (9)

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, E. Palushani, H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, M. Pu, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, P. Jeppesen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “Ultra-high-speed optical serial-to-parallel data conversion in a silicon nanowire,” European Conference on Optical Communication, ECOC 2011, Geneva, Switzerland, September 18–22, 2011, postdeadline paper Th.13.A.2 (2011).

C. Schubert, R. H. Derksen, M. Möller, R. Ludwig, C.-J. Weiske, J. Lutz, S. Ferber, and C. Schmidt-Langhorst, “107 Gbit/s transmission using an integrated ETDM receiver,” European Conference on Optical Communication, ECOC 2006, Cannes, France, September 2006, paper Tu1.5.5 (2006).

C. G. Joergensen, T. Veng, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and M. Yan, “Dispersion flattened highly non-linear fiber,” 29th European Conference on Optical Communication, ECOC 2003, September 21–23, Rimini, Italy, paper We3.7.6 (2003).

S. Watanabe, F. Futami, R. Okabe, Y. Takita, S. Ferber, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt, and H. G. Weber, “160 Gbit/s optical 3R-regenerator in a fiber transmission experiment,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper PD16.

T. Richter, E. Palushani, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, M. Nölle, R. Ludwig, and C. Schubert, “Single wavelength channel 10.2 Tb/s TDM-data capacity using 16-QAM and coherent detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPA9.

H. N. Tan, Q. Nguyen-The, M. Matsuura, and N. Kishi, “Wavelength- and time-selective OTDM-to-WDM conversion with variable channel spacing in WDM grid using a reconfigurable multiwavelength pulse compressor,” European Conference on Optical Communication, ECOC 2011, Geneva, Switzerland, September 18–22, 2011, paper Tu.5.LeCervin.2 (2011).

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, E. Palushani, M. Galili, J. Xu, H. Hu, A. Clausen, L. Oxenløwe, and P. Jeppesen, “OTDM-WDM conversion based on time-domain optical Fourier transformation with spectral compression,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OThN2.

E. Palushani, H.C.H. Mulvad, M. Galili, H. Hu, L.K. Oxenløwe, A. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, “OTDM-to-WDM conversion based on time-to-frequency mapping by time-domain optical Fourier transformation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top Quantum Electron. PP(99), 1–8, DOI: (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, P. Guan, K. Kasai, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “High-resolution 640 Gbit/s clock recovery using time-domain optical Fourier transformation and narrowband optical filter,” European Conference on Optical Communication, ECOC 2010, Turin, Italy, September 2010, paper Mo.1.A.6 (2010).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Principle of time-domain OFT for OTDM-DWDM conversion under the condition D = 1/K, (b) chirp vs time diagram of the FWM-based quadratic phase-modulation for the OFT: after dispersion (D), the OTDM pulses are combined with the linearly chirped pump pulse to generate the idler DWDM signal by FWM (chirp rates are denoted below the 3 signals).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a), (b) Experimental setup. (c) Schematic drawing of the nano-engineered silicon nanowire and scanning electron micrograph pictures of the sample.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Characterization of the 10 GHz pump pulse. (a) Optical spectrum, res. 0.01 nm. (b,c) Temporal shape at input to FWM medium measured using (b) OSO and (c) OSC.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Characterization of the OTDM signal (before OFT). (a) Pulse autocorrelations, (b) OSO trace of 640 Gbit/s OTDM-DPSK data, (c) OSO trace of 640 Gbit/s OTDM-OOK data.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Results for silicon nanowire. (a) Output spectrum of silicon nanowire, (b) zoom-in on idler DWDM spectrum in the cases of 160 Gbit/s and 640 Gbit/s OTDM input (left axis) and OTF transfer function (right axis), res. 0.01 nm, (c) 10 Gbit/s DPSK BER curves for selected DWDM channels, (d) DWDM spectrum (above) and BER performance of each DWDM channel at Prec = −30 dBm (below), (e) received 10 Gbit/s demodulated DPSK eye diagrams.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Results for HNLF. (a) Output spectrum of HNLF, (b) zoom-in on idler DWDM spectrum with plot of OTF transfer function, res. 0.01 nm, (c) 10 Gbit/s OOK BER curves for selected DWDM channels, (d) DWDM spectrum (above) and sensitivity of each DWDM channel (required Prec for BER = 10−9) (below), (e) received 10 Gbit/s OOK eye diagrams.

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