Abstract

A small footprint integrated Membrane InP Switch (MIPS) on Silicon-On-Insulator (SOI) is demonstrated for use in all-optical packet switching. The device consists of an optically pumped III–V membrane waveguide of only 100nm thick, coupled to the underlying SOI waveguide circuit. Because of its limited thickness, the optical confinement in the active layers is maximized, allowing for high extinction ratio of over 30dB when applying a low power optical pump signal, over the entire C-band. The switch has 400/1300ps on/off switching times and no measurable pattern dependence or switching related power penalties for a bitrate up to 40Gb/s, using a switching power of only 2dBm.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  8. J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorentino, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, “All-optical switching based on cross-phase modulation in microstructure fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Let. 14, 77–79 (2002).
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2011 (2)

2010 (4)

A. Albores-Mejia, F. Gomez-Agis, H. J. S. Dorren, X. J. M. Leijtens, T. de Vries, Y.-S. Oei, M. J. R. Heck, R. Notzel, D. J. Robbins, M. K. Smit, and K. A. Williams, “Monolithic multistage optoelectronic switch circuit routing 160 Gb/s line-rate data,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 2984–2992 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. M. Soganci, T. Tanemura, K. A. Williams, N. Calabretta, T. De Vries, E. Smalbrugge, M. K. Smit, H. Dorren, and Y. Nakano, “Monolithically integrated InP 1x16 optical switch with wavelength-insensitive operation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 143–145 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Roelkens, L. Liu, D. Liang, R. Jones, A. Fang, B. Koch, and J. Bowers, “III–V/silicon photonics for on-chip and inter-chip optical interconnects,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 751–779 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Bianco, D. Cuda, R. Gaudino, G. Gavilanes, F. Neri, and M. Petracca, “Scalability of optical interconnects based on microring resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1081–1083 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

N. Calabretta, H. Jung, J. Lorente, E. Tangdiongga, T. Koonen, and H. Dorren, “All-optical techniques enabling packet switching with label processing and label rewriting,” J. Telecommun. Inf. Technol., 20–28 (2009).

2008 (1)

W. Bogaerts, L. Liu, S. Selvaraja, J. Brouckaert, D. Taillaert, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon nanophotonic waveguides and their applications,” Proc. SPIE 7134, 71341O (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

G. Roelkens, J. Brouckaert, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, R. Notzel, and M. Smit, “Adhesive bonding of InP/InGaAsP dies to processed silicon-on-insulator wafers using dvs-bis-benzocyclobutene,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 153, G1015–G1019 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Taillaert, F. Van Laere, M. Ayre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, “Grating couplers for coupling between optical fibers and nanophotonic waveguides,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1-Regul. Pap. Brief Commun. 45, 6071–6077 (2006).

S. J. Ben Yoo, “Optical packet and burst switching technologies for the future photonic Internet,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4468–4492 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorentino, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, “All-optical switching based on cross-phase modulation in microstructure fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Let. 14, 77–79 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Albores-Mejia, A.

Assefa, S.

Ayre, M.

D. Taillaert, F. Van Laere, M. Ayre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, “Grating couplers for coupling between optical fibers and nanophotonic waveguides,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1-Regul. Pap. Brief Commun. 45, 6071–6077 (2006).

Baets, R.

W. Bogaerts, L. Liu, S. Selvaraja, J. Brouckaert, D. Taillaert, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon nanophotonic waveguides and their applications,” Proc. SPIE 7134, 71341O (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Taillaert, F. Van Laere, M. Ayre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, “Grating couplers for coupling between optical fibers and nanophotonic waveguides,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1-Regul. Pap. Brief Commun. 45, 6071–6077 (2006).

G. Roelkens, J. Brouckaert, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, R. Notzel, and M. Smit, “Adhesive bonding of InP/InGaAsP dies to processed silicon-on-insulator wafers using dvs-bis-benzocyclobutene,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 153, G1015–G1019 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ben Yoo, S. J.

Bianco, A.

A. Bianco, D. Cuda, R. Gaudino, G. Gavilanes, F. Neri, and M. Petracca, “Scalability of optical interconnects based on microring resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1081–1083 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bienstman, P.

D. Taillaert, F. Van Laere, M. Ayre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, “Grating couplers for coupling between optical fibers and nanophotonic waveguides,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1-Regul. Pap. Brief Commun. 45, 6071–6077 (2006).

Bogaerts, W.

W. Bogaerts, L. Liu, S. Selvaraja, J. Brouckaert, D. Taillaert, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon nanophotonic waveguides and their applications,” Proc. SPIE 7134, 71341O (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Taillaert, F. Van Laere, M. Ayre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, “Grating couplers for coupling between optical fibers and nanophotonic waveguides,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1-Regul. Pap. Brief Commun. 45, 6071–6077 (2006).

Bowers, J.

G. Roelkens, L. Liu, D. Liang, R. Jones, A. Fang, B. Koch, and J. Bowers, “III–V/silicon photonics for on-chip and inter-chip optical interconnects,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 751–779 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Brouckaert, J.

W. Bogaerts, L. Liu, S. Selvaraja, J. Brouckaert, D. Taillaert, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon nanophotonic waveguides and their applications,” Proc. SPIE 7134, 71341O (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Roelkens, J. Brouckaert, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, R. Notzel, and M. Smit, “Adhesive bonding of InP/InGaAsP dies to processed silicon-on-insulator wafers using dvs-bis-benzocyclobutene,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 153, G1015–G1019 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Calabretta, N.

I. M. Soganci, T. Tanemura, K. A. Williams, N. Calabretta, T. De Vries, E. Smalbrugge, M. K. Smit, H. Dorren, and Y. Nakano, “Monolithically integrated InP 1x16 optical switch with wavelength-insensitive operation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 143–145 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Calabretta, H. Jung, J. Lorente, E. Tangdiongga, T. Koonen, and H. Dorren, “All-optical techniques enabling packet switching with label processing and label rewriting,” J. Telecommun. Inf. Technol., 20–28 (2009).

Cuda, D.

A. Bianco, D. Cuda, R. Gaudino, G. Gavilanes, F. Neri, and M. Petracca, “Scalability of optical interconnects based on microring resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1081–1083 (2010).
[CrossRef]

De Vries, T.

I. M. Soganci, T. Tanemura, K. A. Williams, N. Calabretta, T. De Vries, E. Smalbrugge, M. K. Smit, H. Dorren, and Y. Nakano, “Monolithically integrated InP 1x16 optical switch with wavelength-insensitive operation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 143–145 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Albores-Mejia, F. Gomez-Agis, H. J. S. Dorren, X. J. M. Leijtens, T. de Vries, Y.-S. Oei, M. J. R. Heck, R. Notzel, D. J. Robbins, M. K. Smit, and K. A. Williams, “Monolithic multistage optoelectronic switch circuit routing 160 Gb/s line-rate data,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 2984–2992 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Doany, F.

Dorren, H.

I. M. Soganci, T. Tanemura, K. A. Williams, N. Calabretta, T. De Vries, E. Smalbrugge, M. K. Smit, H. Dorren, and Y. Nakano, “Monolithically integrated InP 1x16 optical switch with wavelength-insensitive operation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 143–145 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Calabretta, H. Jung, J. Lorente, E. Tangdiongga, T. Koonen, and H. Dorren, “All-optical techniques enabling packet switching with label processing and label rewriting,” J. Telecommun. Inf. Technol., 20–28 (2009).

Dorren, H. J. S.

Fang, A.

G. Roelkens, L. Liu, D. Liang, R. Jones, A. Fang, B. Koch, and J. Bowers, “III–V/silicon photonics for on-chip and inter-chip optical interconnects,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 751–779 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fiorentino, M.

J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorentino, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, “All-optical switching based on cross-phase modulation in microstructure fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Let. 14, 77–79 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gaudino, R.

A. Bianco, D. Cuda, R. Gaudino, G. Gavilanes, F. Neri, and M. Petracca, “Scalability of optical interconnects based on microring resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1081–1083 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gavilanes, G.

A. Bianco, D. Cuda, R. Gaudino, G. Gavilanes, F. Neri, and M. Petracca, “Scalability of optical interconnects based on microring resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1081–1083 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gomez-Agis, F.

Green, W.

Green, W. M. J.

M. Tassaert, S. Keyvaninia, D. Van Thourhout, W. M. J. Green, Y. Vlasov, and G. Roelkens, “A nanophotonic InP/InGaAlAs optical amplifier integrated on a silicon-on-insulator waveguide circuit,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Information Photonics (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Ottawa, 2011), pp. 1–2.
[CrossRef]

Heck, M. J. R.

Jahnes, C.

Jones, R.

G. Roelkens, L. Liu, D. Liang, R. Jones, A. Fang, B. Koch, and J. Bowers, “III–V/silicon photonics for on-chip and inter-chip optical interconnects,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 751–779 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jung, H.

N. Calabretta, H. Jung, J. Lorente, E. Tangdiongga, T. Koonen, and H. Dorren, “All-optical techniques enabling packet switching with label processing and label rewriting,” J. Telecommun. Inf. Technol., 20–28 (2009).

Kash, J.

Keyvaninia, S.

M. Tassaert, S. Keyvaninia, D. Van Thourhout, W. M. J. Green, Y. Vlasov, and G. Roelkens, “A nanophotonic InP/InGaAlAs optical amplifier integrated on a silicon-on-insulator waveguide circuit,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Information Photonics (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Ottawa, 2011), pp. 1–2.
[CrossRef]

Koch, B.

G. Roelkens, L. Liu, D. Liang, R. Jones, A. Fang, B. Koch, and J. Bowers, “III–V/silicon photonics for on-chip and inter-chip optical interconnects,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 751–779 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Koonen, T.

N. Calabretta, H. Jung, J. Lorente, E. Tangdiongga, T. Koonen, and H. Dorren, “All-optical techniques enabling packet switching with label processing and label rewriting,” J. Telecommun. Inf. Technol., 20–28 (2009).

Kopp, V.

Kumar, P.

J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorentino, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, “All-optical switching based on cross-phase modulation in microstructure fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Let. 14, 77–79 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B.

Leijtens, X. J. M.

Liang, D.

G. Roelkens, L. Liu, D. Liang, R. Jones, A. Fang, B. Koch, and J. Bowers, “III–V/silicon photonics for on-chip and inter-chip optical interconnects,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 751–779 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, L.

G. Roelkens, L. Liu, D. Liang, R. Jones, A. Fang, B. Koch, and J. Bowers, “III–V/silicon photonics for on-chip and inter-chip optical interconnects,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 751–779 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Bogaerts, L. Liu, S. Selvaraja, J. Brouckaert, D. Taillaert, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon nanophotonic waveguides and their applications,” Proc. SPIE 7134, 71341O (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lorente, J.

N. Calabretta, H. Jung, J. Lorente, E. Tangdiongga, T. Koonen, and H. Dorren, “All-optical techniques enabling packet switching with label processing and label rewriting,” J. Telecommun. Inf. Technol., 20–28 (2009).

Nakano, Y.

I. M. Soganci, T. Tanemura, K. A. Williams, N. Calabretta, T. De Vries, E. Smalbrugge, M. K. Smit, H. Dorren, and Y. Nakano, “Monolithically integrated InP 1x16 optical switch with wavelength-insensitive operation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 143–145 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Neri, F.

A. Bianco, D. Cuda, R. Gaudino, G. Gavilanes, F. Neri, and M. Petracca, “Scalability of optical interconnects based on microring resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1081–1083 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Notzel, R.

A. Albores-Mejia, F. Gomez-Agis, H. J. S. Dorren, X. J. M. Leijtens, T. de Vries, Y.-S. Oei, M. J. R. Heck, R. Notzel, D. J. Robbins, M. K. Smit, and K. A. Williams, “Monolithic multistage optoelectronic switch circuit routing 160 Gb/s line-rate data,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 2984–2992 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Roelkens, J. Brouckaert, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, R. Notzel, and M. Smit, “Adhesive bonding of InP/InGaAsP dies to processed silicon-on-insulator wafers using dvs-bis-benzocyclobutene,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 153, G1015–G1019 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Oei, Y.-S.

Petracca, M.

A. Bianco, D. Cuda, R. Gaudino, G. Gavilanes, F. Neri, and M. Petracca, “Scalability of optical interconnects based on microring resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1081–1083 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Robbins, D. J.

Roelkens, G.

G. Roelkens, L. Liu, D. Liang, R. Jones, A. Fang, B. Koch, and J. Bowers, “III–V/silicon photonics for on-chip and inter-chip optical interconnects,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 751–779 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Bogaerts, L. Liu, S. Selvaraja, J. Brouckaert, D. Taillaert, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon nanophotonic waveguides and their applications,” Proc. SPIE 7134, 71341O (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Roelkens, J. Brouckaert, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, R. Notzel, and M. Smit, “Adhesive bonding of InP/InGaAsP dies to processed silicon-on-insulator wafers using dvs-bis-benzocyclobutene,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 153, G1015–G1019 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Tassaert, S. Keyvaninia, D. Van Thourhout, W. M. J. Green, Y. Vlasov, and G. Roelkens, “A nanophotonic InP/InGaAlAs optical amplifier integrated on a silicon-on-insulator waveguide circuit,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Information Photonics (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Ottawa, 2011), pp. 1–2.
[CrossRef]

Schow, C.

Selvaraja, S.

W. Bogaerts, L. Liu, S. Selvaraja, J. Brouckaert, D. Taillaert, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon nanophotonic waveguides and their applications,” Proc. SPIE 7134, 71341O (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sharping, J. E.

J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorentino, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, “All-optical switching based on cross-phase modulation in microstructure fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Let. 14, 77–79 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Singer, J.

Smalbrugge, E.

I. M. Soganci, T. Tanemura, K. A. Williams, N. Calabretta, T. De Vries, E. Smalbrugge, M. K. Smit, H. Dorren, and Y. Nakano, “Monolithically integrated InP 1x16 optical switch with wavelength-insensitive operation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 143–145 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Smit, M.

G. Roelkens, J. Brouckaert, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, R. Notzel, and M. Smit, “Adhesive bonding of InP/InGaAsP dies to processed silicon-on-insulator wafers using dvs-bis-benzocyclobutene,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 153, G1015–G1019 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Smit, M. K.

I. M. Soganci, T. Tanemura, K. A. Williams, N. Calabretta, T. De Vries, E. Smalbrugge, M. K. Smit, H. Dorren, and Y. Nakano, “Monolithically integrated InP 1x16 optical switch with wavelength-insensitive operation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 143–145 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Albores-Mejia, F. Gomez-Agis, H. J. S. Dorren, X. J. M. Leijtens, T. de Vries, Y.-S. Oei, M. J. R. Heck, R. Notzel, D. J. Robbins, M. K. Smit, and K. A. Williams, “Monolithic multistage optoelectronic switch circuit routing 160 Gb/s line-rate data,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 2984–2992 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Soganci, I. M.

I. M. Soganci, T. Tanemura, K. A. Williams, N. Calabretta, T. De Vries, E. Smalbrugge, M. K. Smit, H. Dorren, and Y. Nakano, “Monolithically integrated InP 1x16 optical switch with wavelength-insensitive operation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 143–145 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Taillaert, D.

W. Bogaerts, L. Liu, S. Selvaraja, J. Brouckaert, D. Taillaert, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon nanophotonic waveguides and their applications,” Proc. SPIE 7134, 71341O (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Taillaert, F. Van Laere, M. Ayre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, “Grating couplers for coupling between optical fibers and nanophotonic waveguides,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1-Regul. Pap. Brief Commun. 45, 6071–6077 (2006).

Tanemura, T.

I. M. Soganci, T. Tanemura, K. A. Williams, N. Calabretta, T. De Vries, E. Smalbrugge, M. K. Smit, H. Dorren, and Y. Nakano, “Monolithically integrated InP 1x16 optical switch with wavelength-insensitive operation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 143–145 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tangdiongga, E.

N. Calabretta, H. Jung, J. Lorente, E. Tangdiongga, T. Koonen, and H. Dorren, “All-optical techniques enabling packet switching with label processing and label rewriting,” J. Telecommun. Inf. Technol., 20–28 (2009).

Tassaert, M.

M. Tassaert, S. Keyvaninia, D. Van Thourhout, W. M. J. Green, Y. Vlasov, and G. Roelkens, “A nanophotonic InP/InGaAlAs optical amplifier integrated on a silicon-on-insulator waveguide circuit,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Information Photonics (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Ottawa, 2011), pp. 1–2.
[CrossRef]

Tucker, R. S.

R. S. Tucker, “Scalability and energy consumption of optical and electronic packet switching,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 1–12 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Van Laere, F.

D. Taillaert, F. Van Laere, M. Ayre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, “Grating couplers for coupling between optical fibers and nanophotonic waveguides,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1-Regul. Pap. Brief Commun. 45, 6071–6077 (2006).

Van Thourhout, D.

W. Bogaerts, L. Liu, S. Selvaraja, J. Brouckaert, D. Taillaert, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon nanophotonic waveguides and their applications,” Proc. SPIE 7134, 71341O (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Taillaert, F. Van Laere, M. Ayre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, “Grating couplers for coupling between optical fibers and nanophotonic waveguides,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1-Regul. Pap. Brief Commun. 45, 6071–6077 (2006).

G. Roelkens, J. Brouckaert, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, R. Notzel, and M. Smit, “Adhesive bonding of InP/InGaAsP dies to processed silicon-on-insulator wafers using dvs-bis-benzocyclobutene,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 153, G1015–G1019 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Tassaert, S. Keyvaninia, D. Van Thourhout, W. M. J. Green, Y. Vlasov, and G. Roelkens, “A nanophotonic InP/InGaAlAs optical amplifier integrated on a silicon-on-insulator waveguide circuit,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Information Photonics (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Ottawa, 2011), pp. 1–2.
[CrossRef]

Vermeulen, D.

W. Bogaerts, L. Liu, S. Selvaraja, J. Brouckaert, D. Taillaert, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon nanophotonic waveguides and their applications,” Proc. SPIE 7134, 71341O (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vlasov, Y.

F. Doany, B. Lee, S. Assefa, W. Green, M. Yang, C. Schow, C. Jahnes, S. Zhang, J. Singer, V. Kopp, J. Kash, and Y. Vlasov, “Multichannel high-bandwidth coupling of ultra-dense silicon photonic waveguide array to standard-pitch fiber array,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 475–482 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Tassaert, S. Keyvaninia, D. Van Thourhout, W. M. J. Green, Y. Vlasov, and G. Roelkens, “A nanophotonic InP/InGaAlAs optical amplifier integrated on a silicon-on-insulator waveguide circuit,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Information Photonics (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Ottawa, 2011), pp. 1–2.
[CrossRef]

Williams, K. A.

A. Albores-Mejia, F. Gomez-Agis, H. J. S. Dorren, X. J. M. Leijtens, T. de Vries, Y.-S. Oei, M. J. R. Heck, R. Notzel, D. J. Robbins, M. K. Smit, and K. A. Williams, “Monolithic multistage optoelectronic switch circuit routing 160 Gb/s line-rate data,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 2984–2992 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. M. Soganci, T. Tanemura, K. A. Williams, N. Calabretta, T. De Vries, E. Smalbrugge, M. K. Smit, H. Dorren, and Y. Nakano, “Monolithically integrated InP 1x16 optical switch with wavelength-insensitive operation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 143–145 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R. S.

J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorentino, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, “All-optical switching based on cross-phase modulation in microstructure fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Let. 14, 77–79 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yang, M.

Zhang, S.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Let. (1)

J. E. Sharping, M. Fiorentino, P. Kumar, and R. S. Windeler, “All-optical switching based on cross-phase modulation in microstructure fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Let. 14, 77–79 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

A. Bianco, D. Cuda, R. Gaudino, G. Gavilanes, F. Neri, and M. Petracca, “Scalability of optical interconnects based on microring resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1081–1083 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. M. Soganci, T. Tanemura, K. A. Williams, N. Calabretta, T. De Vries, E. Smalbrugge, M. K. Smit, H. Dorren, and Y. Nakano, “Monolithically integrated InP 1x16 optical switch with wavelength-insensitive operation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 143–145 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Electrochem. Soc. (1)

G. Roelkens, J. Brouckaert, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, R. Notzel, and M. Smit, “Adhesive bonding of InP/InGaAsP dies to processed silicon-on-insulator wafers using dvs-bis-benzocyclobutene,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 153, G1015–G1019 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

J. Telecommun. Inf. Technol. (1)

N. Calabretta, H. Jung, J. Lorente, E. Tangdiongga, T. Koonen, and H. Dorren, “All-optical techniques enabling packet switching with label processing and label rewriting,” J. Telecommun. Inf. Technol., 20–28 (2009).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1-Regul. Pap. Brief Commun. (1)

D. Taillaert, F. Van Laere, M. Ayre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, “Grating couplers for coupling between optical fibers and nanophotonic waveguides,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1-Regul. Pap. Brief Commun. 45, 6071–6077 (2006).

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

G. Roelkens, L. Liu, D. Liang, R. Jones, A. Fang, B. Koch, and J. Bowers, “III–V/silicon photonics for on-chip and inter-chip optical interconnects,” Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 751–779 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

W. Bogaerts, L. Liu, S. Selvaraja, J. Brouckaert, D. Taillaert, D. Vermeulen, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon nanophotonic waveguides and their applications,” Proc. SPIE 7134, 71341O (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

M. Tassaert, S. Keyvaninia, D. Van Thourhout, W. M. J. Green, Y. Vlasov, and G. Roelkens, “A nanophotonic InP/InGaAlAs optical amplifier integrated on a silicon-on-insulator waveguide circuit,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Information Photonics (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Ottawa, 2011), pp. 1–2.
[CrossRef]

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www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/routers/crs/hardware_doc/roadmap/17014hdg.html .

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Proposed packet switch architecture of a 1×m switch.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Schematic view of the device. It consists of two access waveguides, which are coupled to a III–V membrane waveguide using two inverted taper couplers. (b) The mode profile in the III–V membrane waveguide. The high intensity in the quantum well layers is clearly visible.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) An SEM image of a 50μm and a 100μm long device. (b) SEM image of a cross section through the tapered part.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Measured net gain for the CW pump-probe experiment. The different curves correspond to a different pump power, while the probe wavelength is varied along the x-axis. The displayed pump power is the on-chip pump power, which was calculated by subtracting a measured 7.5dB coupling loss for the pump wavelength from the measured pump power before coupling to the chip. The pump wavelength was everywhere 1505nm. (b) Optical spectra at the output of the device showing the achieved extinction ratio for a pump power of −2dBm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Traces of a 1545nm probe signal being switched on and off by a 1505nm pump. From this, a switch on and switch off time of respectively 400ps and 1.3ns can be extracted. (b) Time trace of the switching window between two data packets.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Setup for the packet switching experiment.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Measured BER for different PRBS sequences at a bit rate of 20Gbit/s. (b) Measured BER at 20Gbit/s and 40Gbit/s, both back-to-back (B2B) and through the switch.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(Left) Eye patterns obtained by a back-to-back measurement. (Right) Eye patterns obtained after switching. Note the increased noise for both the 20Gbit/s and the 40Gbit/s signal in the switching experiment. This noise is associated with the use of an extra EDFA to reach adequate signal power levels in the case of the switching experiment.

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