Abstract

A compact 4 × 25 Gbps optical transceiver has been fabricated for an optical backplane system, which consists of a 4 × 25 Gbps DFB-LD array, a 4 × 25 Gbps PIN-PD array, and a CMOS transceiver chip. These are directly mounted on 9 × 14 mm2 multi-layer ceramic package with an electromagnetic shield structure to suppress inner-channel crosstalk effectively. The transceiver includes an analog front-end as well as an electrical interface function to interface with the switch LSI or CPU. Power consumption was as low as 20 mW/Gbps, and a transmission experiment was successfully conducted at 25 Gbps.

© 2011 OSA

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References

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  1. B. G. Lee, C. L. Schow, A. V. Rylyakov, F. E. Doany, R. A. John, and J. A. Kash, “Lower-power CMOS-Driven Transmitters and Receivers,” in OSA/CLEO/QELS 2010, CMB5, 2010.
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  3. F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. W. Baks, D. M. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, L. Schares, R. Budd, F. Libsch, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, and J. A. Kash, “160 Gb/s bidirectional polymer-waveguide board-level optical interconnects using CMOS-based transceivers,” IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 32(2), 345–359 (2009).
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  5. S. Nishimura, K. Shinoda, Y. Lee, G. Ono, K. Fukuda, F. Yuki, T. Takemoto, H. Toyoda, M. Yamada, S. Tsuji, and N. Ikeda, “Components and interconnection technologies for photonic-assisted routers toward green networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 347–356 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, H. Yamashita, S. Tsuji, Y. Lee, K. Adachi, K. Shinoda, Y. Matsuoka, K. Kogo, S. Nishimura, M. Nido, M. Namiwaka, T. Kaneko, T. Sugimoto, and K. Kurata, “100 Gbps CMOS Transceiver for Multilane Optical Backplane System with a 1.3 cm Square Footprint,” in ECOC 2011, OSA Technical Digest (CD), paper Th.12.B.5, 2011.
  7. K. Adachi, K. Shinoda, T. Kitatani, T. Fukamachi, Y. Matsuoka, T. Sugawara, and S. Tsuji, “25-Gb/s multichannel 1.3-μm surface-emitting lens-integrated DFB laser arrays,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(19), 2899–2905 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
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  9. K. Fukuda, H. Yamashita, G. Ono, R. Nemoto, E. Suzuki, N. Masuda, T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, and T. Saito, “A 12.3-mW 12.5-Gb/s complete transceiver in 65-nm CMOS Process,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 45(12), 2838–2849 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. Ono, K. Watanabe, T. Muto, H .Yamashita, K. Fukuda, N. Masuda, R. Nemoto, E. Suzuki, T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, M. Yagyu, H. Toyoda, A. Kambe, T. Saito, and S. Nishimura, “10:4 MUX and 4:10 DEMUX Gearbox LSI for 100-Gigabit Ethernet Link,” ISSCC Dig. Tech. Papers, 148–149 Feb. 2011.
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2011 (2)

S. Nishimura, K. Shinoda, Y. Lee, G. Ono, K. Fukuda, F. Yuki, T. Takemoto, H. Toyoda, M. Yamada, S. Tsuji, and N. Ikeda, “Components and interconnection technologies for photonic-assisted routers toward green networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 347–356 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Adachi, K. Shinoda, T. Kitatani, T. Fukamachi, Y. Matsuoka, T. Sugawara, and S. Tsuji, “25-Gb/s multichannel 1.3-μm surface-emitting lens-integrated DFB laser arrays,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(19), 2899–2905 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

Y. Lee, K. Nagatsuma, K. Hosomi, T. Ban, K. Shinoda, K. Adachi, S. Tsuji, Y. Matsuoka, S. Tanaka, R. Mita, T. Sugawara, and M. Aoki, “A 35-GHz, 0.8-A/W and 26-m, Misalignment Tolerance Microlens-Integrated p-i-n Photodiodes,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E 94-C, 116–119 (2010).

K. Fukuda, H. Yamashita, G. Ono, R. Nemoto, E. Suzuki, N. Masuda, T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, and T. Saito, “A 12.3-mW 12.5-Gb/s complete transceiver in 65-nm CMOS Process,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 45(12), 2838–2849 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, H. Yamashita, Y. Lee, T. Saito, S. Tsuji, and S. Nishimura, “A compact 4 x 25-Gb/s 3.0 mW/Gb/s CMOS-based optical receiver for board-to-board interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(23), 3343–3350 (2010).

2009 (1)

F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. W. Baks, D. M. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, L. Schares, R. Budd, F. Libsch, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, and J. A. Kash, “160 Gb/s bidirectional polymer-waveguide board-level optical interconnects using CMOS-based transceivers,” IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 32(2), 345–359 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Adachi, K.

K. Adachi, K. Shinoda, T. Kitatani, T. Fukamachi, Y. Matsuoka, T. Sugawara, and S. Tsuji, “25-Gb/s multichannel 1.3-μm surface-emitting lens-integrated DFB laser arrays,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(19), 2899–2905 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lee, K. Nagatsuma, K. Hosomi, T. Ban, K. Shinoda, K. Adachi, S. Tsuji, Y. Matsuoka, S. Tanaka, R. Mita, T. Sugawara, and M. Aoki, “A 35-GHz, 0.8-A/W and 26-m, Misalignment Tolerance Microlens-Integrated p-i-n Photodiodes,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E 94-C, 116–119 (2010).

Aoki, M.

Y. Lee, K. Nagatsuma, K. Hosomi, T. Ban, K. Shinoda, K. Adachi, S. Tsuji, Y. Matsuoka, S. Tanaka, R. Mita, T. Sugawara, and M. Aoki, “A 35-GHz, 0.8-A/W and 26-m, Misalignment Tolerance Microlens-Integrated p-i-n Photodiodes,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E 94-C, 116–119 (2010).

Baks, C. W.

F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. W. Baks, D. M. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, L. Schares, R. Budd, F. Libsch, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, and J. A. Kash, “160 Gb/s bidirectional polymer-waveguide board-level optical interconnects using CMOS-based transceivers,” IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 32(2), 345–359 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ban, T.

Y. Lee, K. Nagatsuma, K. Hosomi, T. Ban, K. Shinoda, K. Adachi, S. Tsuji, Y. Matsuoka, S. Tanaka, R. Mita, T. Sugawara, and M. Aoki, “A 35-GHz, 0.8-A/W and 26-m, Misalignment Tolerance Microlens-Integrated p-i-n Photodiodes,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E 94-C, 116–119 (2010).

Budd, R.

F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. W. Baks, D. M. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, L. Schares, R. Budd, F. Libsch, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, and J. A. Kash, “160 Gb/s bidirectional polymer-waveguide board-level optical interconnects using CMOS-based transceivers,” IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 32(2), 345–359 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dangel, R.

F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. W. Baks, D. M. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, L. Schares, R. Budd, F. Libsch, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, and J. A. Kash, “160 Gb/s bidirectional polymer-waveguide board-level optical interconnects using CMOS-based transceivers,” IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 32(2), 345–359 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Doany, F. E.

F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. W. Baks, D. M. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, L. Schares, R. Budd, F. Libsch, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, and J. A. Kash, “160 Gb/s bidirectional polymer-waveguide board-level optical interconnects using CMOS-based transceivers,” IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 32(2), 345–359 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fukamachi, T.

Fukuda, K.

S. Nishimura, K. Shinoda, Y. Lee, G. Ono, K. Fukuda, F. Yuki, T. Takemoto, H. Toyoda, M. Yamada, S. Tsuji, and N. Ikeda, “Components and interconnection technologies for photonic-assisted routers toward green networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 347–356 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Fukuda, H. Yamashita, G. Ono, R. Nemoto, E. Suzuki, N. Masuda, T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, and T. Saito, “A 12.3-mW 12.5-Gb/s complete transceiver in 65-nm CMOS Process,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 45(12), 2838–2849 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Horst, F.

F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. W. Baks, D. M. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, L. Schares, R. Budd, F. Libsch, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, and J. A. Kash, “160 Gb/s bidirectional polymer-waveguide board-level optical interconnects using CMOS-based transceivers,” IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 32(2), 345–359 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hosomi, K.

Y. Lee, K. Nagatsuma, K. Hosomi, T. Ban, K. Shinoda, K. Adachi, S. Tsuji, Y. Matsuoka, S. Tanaka, R. Mita, T. Sugawara, and M. Aoki, “A 35-GHz, 0.8-A/W and 26-m, Misalignment Tolerance Microlens-Integrated p-i-n Photodiodes,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E 94-C, 116–119 (2010).

Ikeda, N.

S. Nishimura, K. Shinoda, Y. Lee, G. Ono, K. Fukuda, F. Yuki, T. Takemoto, H. Toyoda, M. Yamada, S. Tsuji, and N. Ikeda, “Components and interconnection technologies for photonic-assisted routers toward green networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 347–356 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kash, J. A.

F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. W. Baks, D. M. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, L. Schares, R. Budd, F. Libsch, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, and J. A. Kash, “160 Gb/s bidirectional polymer-waveguide board-level optical interconnects using CMOS-based transceivers,” IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 32(2), 345–359 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kitatani, T.

Kuchta, D. M.

F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. W. Baks, D. M. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, L. Schares, R. Budd, F. Libsch, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, and J. A. Kash, “160 Gb/s bidirectional polymer-waveguide board-level optical interconnects using CMOS-based transceivers,” IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 32(2), 345–359 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y.

S. Nishimura, K. Shinoda, Y. Lee, G. Ono, K. Fukuda, F. Yuki, T. Takemoto, H. Toyoda, M. Yamada, S. Tsuji, and N. Ikeda, “Components and interconnection technologies for photonic-assisted routers toward green networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 347–356 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, H. Yamashita, Y. Lee, T. Saito, S. Tsuji, and S. Nishimura, “A compact 4 x 25-Gb/s 3.0 mW/Gb/s CMOS-based optical receiver for board-to-board interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(23), 3343–3350 (2010).

Y. Lee, K. Nagatsuma, K. Hosomi, T. Ban, K. Shinoda, K. Adachi, S. Tsuji, Y. Matsuoka, S. Tanaka, R. Mita, T. Sugawara, and M. Aoki, “A 35-GHz, 0.8-A/W and 26-m, Misalignment Tolerance Microlens-Integrated p-i-n Photodiodes,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E 94-C, 116–119 (2010).

Libsch, F.

F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. W. Baks, D. M. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, L. Schares, R. Budd, F. Libsch, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, and J. A. Kash, “160 Gb/s bidirectional polymer-waveguide board-level optical interconnects using CMOS-based transceivers,” IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 32(2), 345–359 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Masuda, N.

K. Fukuda, H. Yamashita, G. Ono, R. Nemoto, E. Suzuki, N. Masuda, T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, and T. Saito, “A 12.3-mW 12.5-Gb/s complete transceiver in 65-nm CMOS Process,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 45(12), 2838–2849 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Matsuoka, Y.

K. Adachi, K. Shinoda, T. Kitatani, T. Fukamachi, Y. Matsuoka, T. Sugawara, and S. Tsuji, “25-Gb/s multichannel 1.3-μm surface-emitting lens-integrated DFB laser arrays,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(19), 2899–2905 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lee, K. Nagatsuma, K. Hosomi, T. Ban, K. Shinoda, K. Adachi, S. Tsuji, Y. Matsuoka, S. Tanaka, R. Mita, T. Sugawara, and M. Aoki, “A 35-GHz, 0.8-A/W and 26-m, Misalignment Tolerance Microlens-Integrated p-i-n Photodiodes,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E 94-C, 116–119 (2010).

Mita, R.

Y. Lee, K. Nagatsuma, K. Hosomi, T. Ban, K. Shinoda, K. Adachi, S. Tsuji, Y. Matsuoka, S. Tanaka, R. Mita, T. Sugawara, and M. Aoki, “A 35-GHz, 0.8-A/W and 26-m, Misalignment Tolerance Microlens-Integrated p-i-n Photodiodes,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E 94-C, 116–119 (2010).

Nagatsuma, K.

Y. Lee, K. Nagatsuma, K. Hosomi, T. Ban, K. Shinoda, K. Adachi, S. Tsuji, Y. Matsuoka, S. Tanaka, R. Mita, T. Sugawara, and M. Aoki, “A 35-GHz, 0.8-A/W and 26-m, Misalignment Tolerance Microlens-Integrated p-i-n Photodiodes,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E 94-C, 116–119 (2010).

Nemoto, R.

K. Fukuda, H. Yamashita, G. Ono, R. Nemoto, E. Suzuki, N. Masuda, T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, and T. Saito, “A 12.3-mW 12.5-Gb/s complete transceiver in 65-nm CMOS Process,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 45(12), 2838–2849 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nishimura, S.

S. Nishimura, K. Shinoda, Y. Lee, G. Ono, K. Fukuda, F. Yuki, T. Takemoto, H. Toyoda, M. Yamada, S. Tsuji, and N. Ikeda, “Components and interconnection technologies for photonic-assisted routers toward green networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 347–356 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, H. Yamashita, Y. Lee, T. Saito, S. Tsuji, and S. Nishimura, “A compact 4 x 25-Gb/s 3.0 mW/Gb/s CMOS-based optical receiver for board-to-board interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(23), 3343–3350 (2010).

Offrein, B. J.

F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. W. Baks, D. M. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, L. Schares, R. Budd, F. Libsch, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, and J. A. Kash, “160 Gb/s bidirectional polymer-waveguide board-level optical interconnects using CMOS-based transceivers,” IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 32(2), 345–359 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ono, G.

S. Nishimura, K. Shinoda, Y. Lee, G. Ono, K. Fukuda, F. Yuki, T. Takemoto, H. Toyoda, M. Yamada, S. Tsuji, and N. Ikeda, “Components and interconnection technologies for photonic-assisted routers toward green networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 347–356 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Fukuda, H. Yamashita, G. Ono, R. Nemoto, E. Suzuki, N. Masuda, T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, and T. Saito, “A 12.3-mW 12.5-Gb/s complete transceiver in 65-nm CMOS Process,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 45(12), 2838–2849 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pepeljugoski, P.

F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. W. Baks, D. M. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, L. Schares, R. Budd, F. Libsch, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, and J. A. Kash, “160 Gb/s bidirectional polymer-waveguide board-level optical interconnects using CMOS-based transceivers,” IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 32(2), 345–359 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Saito, T.

T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, H. Yamashita, Y. Lee, T. Saito, S. Tsuji, and S. Nishimura, “A compact 4 x 25-Gb/s 3.0 mW/Gb/s CMOS-based optical receiver for board-to-board interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(23), 3343–3350 (2010).

K. Fukuda, H. Yamashita, G. Ono, R. Nemoto, E. Suzuki, N. Masuda, T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, and T. Saito, “A 12.3-mW 12.5-Gb/s complete transceiver in 65-nm CMOS Process,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 45(12), 2838–2849 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Schares, L.

F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. W. Baks, D. M. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, L. Schares, R. Budd, F. Libsch, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, and J. A. Kash, “160 Gb/s bidirectional polymer-waveguide board-level optical interconnects using CMOS-based transceivers,” IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 32(2), 345–359 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schow, C. L.

F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. W. Baks, D. M. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, L. Schares, R. Budd, F. Libsch, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, and J. A. Kash, “160 Gb/s bidirectional polymer-waveguide board-level optical interconnects using CMOS-based transceivers,” IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 32(2), 345–359 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shinoda, K.

S. Nishimura, K. Shinoda, Y. Lee, G. Ono, K. Fukuda, F. Yuki, T. Takemoto, H. Toyoda, M. Yamada, S. Tsuji, and N. Ikeda, “Components and interconnection technologies for photonic-assisted routers toward green networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 347–356 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Adachi, K. Shinoda, T. Kitatani, T. Fukamachi, Y. Matsuoka, T. Sugawara, and S. Tsuji, “25-Gb/s multichannel 1.3-μm surface-emitting lens-integrated DFB laser arrays,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(19), 2899–2905 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lee, K. Nagatsuma, K. Hosomi, T. Ban, K. Shinoda, K. Adachi, S. Tsuji, Y. Matsuoka, S. Tanaka, R. Mita, T. Sugawara, and M. Aoki, “A 35-GHz, 0.8-A/W and 26-m, Misalignment Tolerance Microlens-Integrated p-i-n Photodiodes,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E 94-C, 116–119 (2010).

Sugawara, T.

K. Adachi, K. Shinoda, T. Kitatani, T. Fukamachi, Y. Matsuoka, T. Sugawara, and S. Tsuji, “25-Gb/s multichannel 1.3-μm surface-emitting lens-integrated DFB laser arrays,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(19), 2899–2905 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lee, K. Nagatsuma, K. Hosomi, T. Ban, K. Shinoda, K. Adachi, S. Tsuji, Y. Matsuoka, S. Tanaka, R. Mita, T. Sugawara, and M. Aoki, “A 35-GHz, 0.8-A/W and 26-m, Misalignment Tolerance Microlens-Integrated p-i-n Photodiodes,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E 94-C, 116–119 (2010).

Suzuki, E.

K. Fukuda, H. Yamashita, G. Ono, R. Nemoto, E. Suzuki, N. Masuda, T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, and T. Saito, “A 12.3-mW 12.5-Gb/s complete transceiver in 65-nm CMOS Process,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 45(12), 2838–2849 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Takemoto, T.

S. Nishimura, K. Shinoda, Y. Lee, G. Ono, K. Fukuda, F. Yuki, T. Takemoto, H. Toyoda, M. Yamada, S. Tsuji, and N. Ikeda, “Components and interconnection technologies for photonic-assisted routers toward green networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 347–356 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, H. Yamashita, Y. Lee, T. Saito, S. Tsuji, and S. Nishimura, “A compact 4 x 25-Gb/s 3.0 mW/Gb/s CMOS-based optical receiver for board-to-board interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(23), 3343–3350 (2010).

K. Fukuda, H. Yamashita, G. Ono, R. Nemoto, E. Suzuki, N. Masuda, T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, and T. Saito, “A 12.3-mW 12.5-Gb/s complete transceiver in 65-nm CMOS Process,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 45(12), 2838–2849 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, S.

Y. Lee, K. Nagatsuma, K. Hosomi, T. Ban, K. Shinoda, K. Adachi, S. Tsuji, Y. Matsuoka, S. Tanaka, R. Mita, T. Sugawara, and M. Aoki, “A 35-GHz, 0.8-A/W and 26-m, Misalignment Tolerance Microlens-Integrated p-i-n Photodiodes,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E 94-C, 116–119 (2010).

Toyoda, H.

S. Nishimura, K. Shinoda, Y. Lee, G. Ono, K. Fukuda, F. Yuki, T. Takemoto, H. Toyoda, M. Yamada, S. Tsuji, and N. Ikeda, “Components and interconnection technologies for photonic-assisted routers toward green networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 347–356 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tsuji, S.

K. Adachi, K. Shinoda, T. Kitatani, T. Fukamachi, Y. Matsuoka, T. Sugawara, and S. Tsuji, “25-Gb/s multichannel 1.3-μm surface-emitting lens-integrated DFB laser arrays,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(19), 2899–2905 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Nishimura, K. Shinoda, Y. Lee, G. Ono, K. Fukuda, F. Yuki, T. Takemoto, H. Toyoda, M. Yamada, S. Tsuji, and N. Ikeda, “Components and interconnection technologies for photonic-assisted routers toward green networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 347–356 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, H. Yamashita, Y. Lee, T. Saito, S. Tsuji, and S. Nishimura, “A compact 4 x 25-Gb/s 3.0 mW/Gb/s CMOS-based optical receiver for board-to-board interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(23), 3343–3350 (2010).

Y. Lee, K. Nagatsuma, K. Hosomi, T. Ban, K. Shinoda, K. Adachi, S. Tsuji, Y. Matsuoka, S. Tanaka, R. Mita, T. Sugawara, and M. Aoki, “A 35-GHz, 0.8-A/W and 26-m, Misalignment Tolerance Microlens-Integrated p-i-n Photodiodes,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E 94-C, 116–119 (2010).

Yamada, M.

S. Nishimura, K. Shinoda, Y. Lee, G. Ono, K. Fukuda, F. Yuki, T. Takemoto, H. Toyoda, M. Yamada, S. Tsuji, and N. Ikeda, “Components and interconnection technologies for photonic-assisted routers toward green networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 347–356 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, H.

T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, H. Yamashita, Y. Lee, T. Saito, S. Tsuji, and S. Nishimura, “A compact 4 x 25-Gb/s 3.0 mW/Gb/s CMOS-based optical receiver for board-to-board interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(23), 3343–3350 (2010).

K. Fukuda, H. Yamashita, G. Ono, R. Nemoto, E. Suzuki, N. Masuda, T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, and T. Saito, “A 12.3-mW 12.5-Gb/s complete transceiver in 65-nm CMOS Process,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 45(12), 2838–2849 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yuki, F.

S. Nishimura, K. Shinoda, Y. Lee, G. Ono, K. Fukuda, F. Yuki, T. Takemoto, H. Toyoda, M. Yamada, S. Tsuji, and N. Ikeda, “Components and interconnection technologies for photonic-assisted routers toward green networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 347–356 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, H. Yamashita, Y. Lee, T. Saito, S. Tsuji, and S. Nishimura, “A compact 4 x 25-Gb/s 3.0 mW/Gb/s CMOS-based optical receiver for board-to-board interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(23), 3343–3350 (2010).

K. Fukuda, H. Yamashita, G. Ono, R. Nemoto, E. Suzuki, N. Masuda, T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, and T. Saito, “A 12.3-mW 12.5-Gb/s complete transceiver in 65-nm CMOS Process,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 45(12), 2838–2849 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Nishimura, K. Shinoda, Y. Lee, G. Ono, K. Fukuda, F. Yuki, T. Takemoto, H. Toyoda, M. Yamada, S. Tsuji, and N. Ikeda, “Components and interconnection technologies for photonic-assisted routers toward green networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 347–356 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits (1)

K. Fukuda, H. Yamashita, G. Ono, R. Nemoto, E. Suzuki, N. Masuda, T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, and T. Saito, “A 12.3-mW 12.5-Gb/s complete transceiver in 65-nm CMOS Process,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 45(12), 2838–2849 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. (1)

F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, C. W. Baks, D. M. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, L. Schares, R. Budd, F. Libsch, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, and J. A. Kash, “160 Gb/s bidirectional polymer-waveguide board-level optical interconnects using CMOS-based transceivers,” IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 32(2), 345–359 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Electron. E (1)

Y. Lee, K. Nagatsuma, K. Hosomi, T. Ban, K. Shinoda, K. Adachi, S. Tsuji, Y. Matsuoka, S. Tanaka, R. Mita, T. Sugawara, and M. Aoki, “A 35-GHz, 0.8-A/W and 26-m, Misalignment Tolerance Microlens-Integrated p-i-n Photodiodes,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E 94-C, 116–119 (2010).

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Other (5)

B. G. Lee, C. L. Schow, A. V. Rylyakov, F. E. Doany, R. A. John, and J. A. Kash, “Lower-power CMOS-Driven Transmitters and Receivers,” in OSA/CLEO/QELS 2010, CMB5, 2010.

C. P. Lai, C. C. L. Schow, A. V. Rylyakov, B. G. Lee, F. E. Doany, R. A. John, and J. A. Kash, “20-Gb/s Power-Efficient CMOS-Driven Multimode Links,” in OSA/OFC/NFOEC 2010, OTuQ2, 2010.

T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, H. Yamashita, S. Tsuji, Y. Lee, K. Adachi, K. Shinoda, Y. Matsuoka, K. Kogo, S. Nishimura, M. Nido, M. Namiwaka, T. Kaneko, T. Sugimoto, and K. Kurata, “100 Gbps CMOS Transceiver for Multilane Optical Backplane System with a 1.3 cm Square Footprint,” in ECOC 2011, OSA Technical Digest (CD), paper Th.12.B.5, 2011.

G. Ono, K. Watanabe, T. Muto, H .Yamashita, K. Fukuda, N. Masuda, R. Nemoto, E. Suzuki, T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, M. Yagyu, H. Toyoda, A. Kambe, T. Saito, and S. Nishimura, “10:4 MUX and 4:10 DEMUX Gearbox LSI for 100-Gigabit Ethernet Link,” ISSCC Dig. Tech. Papers, 148–149 Feb. 2011.

CFP MSA Hardware Specification, Revision 1.4, 7 June 2010, http://www.cfp-msa.org/Documents/CFP-MSA-HW-Spec-rev1-40.pdf .

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Overall architecture of 100 Gbps transceiver.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Low crosstalk multi-layer packaging technique.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Block diagram of proposed 100 Gbps CMOS transceiver chip.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

4 × 25 Gbps optical transceiver assembly.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Fabricated optical transceiver.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Measured 20- and 25-Gbps eye diagrams.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Estimated power consumption.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Target performance of optical link

Tables Icon

Table 2 Performance summary

Metrics