Abstract

This paper presents a high performance DC-coupled 10 Gbit/s APD-based optical burst-mode receiver (BM-RX) for symmetric 10G-GPONs. The BM-RX can handle upstream bursts with a loud/soft range wider than 24.0 dB, and the measured sensitivity is −30.0 dBm at BER = 10−3 after a start of burst settling time no longer than 51 ns. This paper also investigates, for the first time, the inter-burst guard time required for a 10 Gbit/s BM-RX with auto-reset generation, while the PON operates upstream at a high raw BER and is using FEC.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. S. Takahashi, K. Shiba, E. Mizuki, K. Makita, and A. Tajima, “Over 25-dB dynamic range 10-/1-Gbps optical burst-mode receiver using high-power-tolerant APD,” Proceedings of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 1–5, pp. 616–618 (2009).
  2. J. Sugawa, D. Mashimo, and H. Ikeda, “10.3Gbps burst-mode receiver capable of upstream transmission with short overhead for 10G-EPON,” 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Mo.2.B.4 (2010).
  3. M. Nakamura, S. Nishihara, T. Ito, T. Kurosaki, M. Nogawa, and Y. Ohtomo, “Burst-mode optical receiver ICs for broadband access networks,” IEEE Bipolar/BiCMOS Circuits and Technology Meeting (BCTM), pp. 21–28 (2010).
  4. K. Hara, S. Kimura, H. Nakamura, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Ultra Fast Response AC-Coupled Burst-Mode Receiver with High Sensitivity and Wide Dynamic Range for 10G-EPON System,” IEICE Trans. Commun E 94-B, 1845–1852 (2011).
  5. M. Noda, S. Yoshima, K. Ishii, S. Shirai, M. Nogami, and J. Nakagawa, “Dual-rate optical transceiver incorporating fully optimized burst-mode AGC/ATC functions for 10G-EPON systems,” 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Mo.2.B.2 (2010).
  6. X.-Z. Qiu, C. Melange, T. De Ridder, B. Baekelandt, J. Bauwelinck, X. Yin and J. Vandewege, “Evolution of burst mode receivers,” 35th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), 7.5.1. (2009).
  7. C. Melange, X. Yin, B. Baekelandt, T. De Ridder, X.-Z. Qiu, J. Bauwelinck, J. Gillis, P. Demuytere and J. Vandewege, “Fully DC-coupled 10Gb/s burst-mode PON prototypes and upstream experiments with 58ns overhead,” Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), OWX2 (2010).
  8. T. De Ridder, P. Ossieur, C. Melange, B. Baekelandt, J. Bauwelinck, X.-Z. Qiu, and J. Vandewege, “10 Gbit/s burst-mode post-amplifier with automatic reset,” Electron. Lett. 44(23), 1371–1373 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. X. Yin, X.-Z. Qiu, J. Gillis, J. Put, J. Verbrugghe, J. Bauwelinck, J. Vandewege, F. Blache, D. Lanteri, M. Achouce, H. Krimmel, D. van Veen, and P. Vetter, “DC-Coupled Burst-Mode Receiver with High Sensitivity, Wide Dynamic Range and Short Settling Time for Symmetric 10G-GPONs,” 37th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Mo.1.C.5. (2011).
  10. M. Lahrichi, E. Derouin, D. Carpentier, N. Lagay, J. Decobert, G. Glastre, and M. Achouche, “Very Low Dark Current AlInAs/GaInAs SAGM Avalanche Photodiodes for 10Gb/s applications,” 35th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), 9.2.2 (2009).
  11. J. Put, X. Yin, J. Gillis, X.-Z. Qiu, J. Bauwelinck, J. Vandewege, H.-G. Krimmel, and P. Vetter, “10 Gbit/s burst-mode limiting amplifier with switched time constants for fast settling and large CID tolerance,” Electron. Lett. 47(17), 970–972 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  12. X. Yin, J. Put, J. Verbrugghe, J. Gillis, X.-Z. Qiu, J. Bauwelinck, J. Vandewege, H.-G. Krimmel, and M. Achouche, “A 10Gb/s Burst-Mode TIA with On-Chip Reset/Lock CM Signaling Detection and Limiting Amplifier with a 75ns Settling Time, Solid-State Circuits Conference Digest of Technical Papers (ISSCC), (to be published).

2011

K. Hara, S. Kimura, H. Nakamura, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Ultra Fast Response AC-Coupled Burst-Mode Receiver with High Sensitivity and Wide Dynamic Range for 10G-EPON System,” IEICE Trans. Commun E 94-B, 1845–1852 (2011).

J. Put, X. Yin, J. Gillis, X.-Z. Qiu, J. Bauwelinck, J. Vandewege, H.-G. Krimmel, and P. Vetter, “10 Gbit/s burst-mode limiting amplifier with switched time constants for fast settling and large CID tolerance,” Electron. Lett. 47(17), 970–972 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2008

T. De Ridder, P. Ossieur, C. Melange, B. Baekelandt, J. Bauwelinck, X.-Z. Qiu, and J. Vandewege, “10 Gbit/s burst-mode post-amplifier with automatic reset,” Electron. Lett. 44(23), 1371–1373 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Baekelandt, B.

T. De Ridder, P. Ossieur, C. Melange, B. Baekelandt, J. Bauwelinck, X.-Z. Qiu, and J. Vandewege, “10 Gbit/s burst-mode post-amplifier with automatic reset,” Electron. Lett. 44(23), 1371–1373 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bauwelinck, J.

J. Put, X. Yin, J. Gillis, X.-Z. Qiu, J. Bauwelinck, J. Vandewege, H.-G. Krimmel, and P. Vetter, “10 Gbit/s burst-mode limiting amplifier with switched time constants for fast settling and large CID tolerance,” Electron. Lett. 47(17), 970–972 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. De Ridder, P. Ossieur, C. Melange, B. Baekelandt, J. Bauwelinck, X.-Z. Qiu, and J. Vandewege, “10 Gbit/s burst-mode post-amplifier with automatic reset,” Electron. Lett. 44(23), 1371–1373 (2008).
[CrossRef]

De Ridder, T.

T. De Ridder, P. Ossieur, C. Melange, B. Baekelandt, J. Bauwelinck, X.-Z. Qiu, and J. Vandewege, “10 Gbit/s burst-mode post-amplifier with automatic reset,” Electron. Lett. 44(23), 1371–1373 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gillis, J.

J. Put, X. Yin, J. Gillis, X.-Z. Qiu, J. Bauwelinck, J. Vandewege, H.-G. Krimmel, and P. Vetter, “10 Gbit/s burst-mode limiting amplifier with switched time constants for fast settling and large CID tolerance,” Electron. Lett. 47(17), 970–972 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hadama, H.

K. Hara, S. Kimura, H. Nakamura, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Ultra Fast Response AC-Coupled Burst-Mode Receiver with High Sensitivity and Wide Dynamic Range for 10G-EPON System,” IEICE Trans. Commun E 94-B, 1845–1852 (2011).

Hara, K.

K. Hara, S. Kimura, H. Nakamura, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Ultra Fast Response AC-Coupled Burst-Mode Receiver with High Sensitivity and Wide Dynamic Range for 10G-EPON System,” IEICE Trans. Commun E 94-B, 1845–1852 (2011).

Kimura, S.

K. Hara, S. Kimura, H. Nakamura, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Ultra Fast Response AC-Coupled Burst-Mode Receiver with High Sensitivity and Wide Dynamic Range for 10G-EPON System,” IEICE Trans. Commun E 94-B, 1845–1852 (2011).

Krimmel, H.-G.

J. Put, X. Yin, J. Gillis, X.-Z. Qiu, J. Bauwelinck, J. Vandewege, H.-G. Krimmel, and P. Vetter, “10 Gbit/s burst-mode limiting amplifier with switched time constants for fast settling and large CID tolerance,” Electron. Lett. 47(17), 970–972 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Melange, C.

T. De Ridder, P. Ossieur, C. Melange, B. Baekelandt, J. Bauwelinck, X.-Z. Qiu, and J. Vandewege, “10 Gbit/s burst-mode post-amplifier with automatic reset,” Electron. Lett. 44(23), 1371–1373 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, H.

K. Hara, S. Kimura, H. Nakamura, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Ultra Fast Response AC-Coupled Burst-Mode Receiver with High Sensitivity and Wide Dynamic Range for 10G-EPON System,” IEICE Trans. Commun E 94-B, 1845–1852 (2011).

Ossieur, P.

T. De Ridder, P. Ossieur, C. Melange, B. Baekelandt, J. Bauwelinck, X.-Z. Qiu, and J. Vandewege, “10 Gbit/s burst-mode post-amplifier with automatic reset,” Electron. Lett. 44(23), 1371–1373 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Put, J.

J. Put, X. Yin, J. Gillis, X.-Z. Qiu, J. Bauwelinck, J. Vandewege, H.-G. Krimmel, and P. Vetter, “10 Gbit/s burst-mode limiting amplifier with switched time constants for fast settling and large CID tolerance,” Electron. Lett. 47(17), 970–972 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, X.-Z.

J. Put, X. Yin, J. Gillis, X.-Z. Qiu, J. Bauwelinck, J. Vandewege, H.-G. Krimmel, and P. Vetter, “10 Gbit/s burst-mode limiting amplifier with switched time constants for fast settling and large CID tolerance,” Electron. Lett. 47(17), 970–972 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. De Ridder, P. Ossieur, C. Melange, B. Baekelandt, J. Bauwelinck, X.-Z. Qiu, and J. Vandewege, “10 Gbit/s burst-mode post-amplifier with automatic reset,” Electron. Lett. 44(23), 1371–1373 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vandewege, J.

J. Put, X. Yin, J. Gillis, X.-Z. Qiu, J. Bauwelinck, J. Vandewege, H.-G. Krimmel, and P. Vetter, “10 Gbit/s burst-mode limiting amplifier with switched time constants for fast settling and large CID tolerance,” Electron. Lett. 47(17), 970–972 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. De Ridder, P. Ossieur, C. Melange, B. Baekelandt, J. Bauwelinck, X.-Z. Qiu, and J. Vandewege, “10 Gbit/s burst-mode post-amplifier with automatic reset,” Electron. Lett. 44(23), 1371–1373 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vetter, P.

J. Put, X. Yin, J. Gillis, X.-Z. Qiu, J. Bauwelinck, J. Vandewege, H.-G. Krimmel, and P. Vetter, “10 Gbit/s burst-mode limiting amplifier with switched time constants for fast settling and large CID tolerance,” Electron. Lett. 47(17), 970–972 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yin, X.

J. Put, X. Yin, J. Gillis, X.-Z. Qiu, J. Bauwelinck, J. Vandewege, H.-G. Krimmel, and P. Vetter, “10 Gbit/s burst-mode limiting amplifier with switched time constants for fast settling and large CID tolerance,” Electron. Lett. 47(17), 970–972 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yoshimoto, N.

K. Hara, S. Kimura, H. Nakamura, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Ultra Fast Response AC-Coupled Burst-Mode Receiver with High Sensitivity and Wide Dynamic Range for 10G-EPON System,” IEICE Trans. Commun E 94-B, 1845–1852 (2011).

Electron. Lett.

T. De Ridder, P. Ossieur, C. Melange, B. Baekelandt, J. Bauwelinck, X.-Z. Qiu, and J. Vandewege, “10 Gbit/s burst-mode post-amplifier with automatic reset,” Electron. Lett. 44(23), 1371–1373 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Put, X. Yin, J. Gillis, X.-Z. Qiu, J. Bauwelinck, J. Vandewege, H.-G. Krimmel, and P. Vetter, “10 Gbit/s burst-mode limiting amplifier with switched time constants for fast settling and large CID tolerance,” Electron. Lett. 47(17), 970–972 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Commun E

K. Hara, S. Kimura, H. Nakamura, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Ultra Fast Response AC-Coupled Burst-Mode Receiver with High Sensitivity and Wide Dynamic Range for 10G-EPON System,” IEICE Trans. Commun E 94-B, 1845–1852 (2011).

Other

M. Noda, S. Yoshima, K. Ishii, S. Shirai, M. Nogami, and J. Nakagawa, “Dual-rate optical transceiver incorporating fully optimized burst-mode AGC/ATC functions for 10G-EPON systems,” 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Mo.2.B.2 (2010).

X.-Z. Qiu, C. Melange, T. De Ridder, B. Baekelandt, J. Bauwelinck, X. Yin and J. Vandewege, “Evolution of burst mode receivers,” 35th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), 7.5.1. (2009).

C. Melange, X. Yin, B. Baekelandt, T. De Ridder, X.-Z. Qiu, J. Bauwelinck, J. Gillis, P. Demuytere and J. Vandewege, “Fully DC-coupled 10Gb/s burst-mode PON prototypes and upstream experiments with 58ns overhead,” Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), OWX2 (2010).

X. Yin, X.-Z. Qiu, J. Gillis, J. Put, J. Verbrugghe, J. Bauwelinck, J. Vandewege, F. Blache, D. Lanteri, M. Achouce, H. Krimmel, D. van Veen, and P. Vetter, “DC-Coupled Burst-Mode Receiver with High Sensitivity, Wide Dynamic Range and Short Settling Time for Symmetric 10G-GPONs,” 37th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Mo.1.C.5. (2011).

M. Lahrichi, E. Derouin, D. Carpentier, N. Lagay, J. Decobert, G. Glastre, and M. Achouche, “Very Low Dark Current AlInAs/GaInAs SAGM Avalanche Photodiodes for 10Gb/s applications,” 35th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), 9.2.2 (2009).

S. Takahashi, K. Shiba, E. Mizuki, K. Makita, and A. Tajima, “Over 25-dB dynamic range 10-/1-Gbps optical burst-mode receiver using high-power-tolerant APD,” Proceedings of Conference on Optical Fiber Communication, Vol. 1–5, pp. 616–618 (2009).

J. Sugawa, D. Mashimo, and H. Ikeda, “10.3Gbps burst-mode receiver capable of upstream transmission with short overhead for 10G-EPON,” 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Mo.2.B.4 (2010).

M. Nakamura, S. Nishihara, T. Ito, T. Kurosaki, M. Nogawa, and Y. Ohtomo, “Burst-mode optical receiver ICs for broadband access networks,” IEEE Bipolar/BiCMOS Circuits and Technology Meeting (BCTM), pp. 21–28 (2010).

X. Yin, J. Put, J. Verbrugghe, J. Gillis, X.-Z. Qiu, J. Bauwelinck, J. Vandewege, H.-G. Krimmel, and M. Achouche, “A 10Gb/s Burst-Mode TIA with On-Chip Reset/Lock CM Signaling Detection and Limiting Amplifier with a 75ns Settling Time, Solid-State Circuits Conference Digest of Technical Papers (ISSCC), (to be published).

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Time constant tradeoff in AC-coupled BM-RX.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The simplified block diagram of the 10 Gbit/s DC-coupled BM-RX.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Excess noise factor versus multiplication gain of APDs with two doping levels. (b) 3-dB Bandwidth versus multiplication gain of AlInAs/InGaAs APD with 9x1017cm−3 charge doping level.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

O/E response of the 10 Gbit/s APD-TIA module using HF probes.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Duty cycle distortion during preamble for 300 mVpp with 150 mV offset, (b) Data dependent output jitter for 20 mVpp input with 10mV offset

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Auto-reset generation at high BER scenario.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Probability of missing a reset during the guard time for different BERs (when n = 100).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Probability of missing a reset during the guard time for different settings at BER=10−4.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

The test setup and burst data patterns for the 10 Gbit/s upstream experiment.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

(a) The measured BER curves for TIA+CW-LA, BM-RX B2B, and (b) 2 TX branches; BER vs. different preamble times (right).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Performance Summary of the DC-coupled BM-RX at 10 Gbit/s

Equations (4)

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P restart ( k )=( 1 P EoB ( k1 ) )BER
P EoB ( k )={ 0 k<n P n k=n P EoB ( k1 )+ P restart ( kn ) P n k>n
P restart ( k )={ 1 k=0 0 0<k<f+r+n NoR= k n+r1 NoR= k f+r Div( krNoR,NoR )BE R NoR.( f+1 ) ( 1BER ) kNoR( r+f ) kf+r+n
Div( k,pl )={ C k f pl=1 k'=max( f,k( pl1 )( n1 ) ) k'=min( n1,k( pl1 )f ) C k' f Div( kk',pl1 ) pl>1

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