Abstract

We demonstrate a 2.56 Tbit/s/ch polarization-multiplexed single-carrier transmission over 300 km using subpicosecond DQPSK signals. We adopted an ultrafast time-domain optical Fourier transformation technique to reduce waveform distortions. For such an ultrashort optical pulse, depolarization components resulting from second-order polarization-mode dispersion (PMD) become a dominant factor as regards signal distortion because of the broad signal bandwidth. The influence of inter-polarization crosstalk induced by second-order PMD, is presented in detail.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. H. G. Weber and M. Nakazawa, Ultrahigh-Speed Optical Transmission Technology (Springer, 2007).
  2. M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, and K. R. Tamura, “1.28 Tbit/s-70 km OTDM transmission using third- and fourth-order simultaneous dispersion compensation with a phase modulator,” Electron. Lett. 36(24), 2027–2029 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, D.-D. Gross, L. Molle, M. Seimetz, R. Freund, and C. Schubert, “Generation and coherent time-division demultiplexing of up to 5.1 Tb/s single-channel 8-PSK and 16-QAM signals,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), PDPC6.
  5. H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28 Tbit/s single-polarisation serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 45(5), 280–281 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Richter, E. Palushani, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, M. Nölle, R. Ludwig, and C. Schubert, “Single wavelength channel 10.2 Tb/s TDM-data capacity using 16-QAM and coherent detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), PDPA9.
  7. C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, H. Hu, and C. Schubert, “Single-channel 1-Tb/s transmission over 480 km DMF for future terabit ethernet systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), OTuN5.
  8. P. Guan, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, Y. Tomiyama, T. Hirano, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Single-channel 1.28 Tbit/s-525 km DQPSK transmission using ultrafast time-domain optical Fourier transformation and nonlinear optical loop mirror,” IEICE Trans. Comm E 94-B, 430–436 (2011).
  9. C. Boerner, V. Marembert, S. Ferber, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, and H. G. Weber, “320 Gbit/s clock recovery with electro-optical PLL using a bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulator as phase comparator,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), OTuO3.
  10. T. Hirano, P. Guan, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “640-Gb/s/channel single-polarization DPSK transmission over 525 km with ultrafast time-domain optical Fourier transformation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(14), 1042–1044 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Nakazawa, T. Hirooka, F. Futami, and S. Watanabe, “Ideal distortion-free transmission using optical Fourier transformation and Fourier transform-limited optical pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(4), 1059–1061 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  12. B. L. Heffner, “Accurate, automated measurement of differential group delay dispersion and principal state variation using Jones matrix eigenanalysis,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(7), 814–817 (1993).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (1)

P. Guan, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, Y. Tomiyama, T. Hirano, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Single-channel 1.28 Tbit/s-525 km DQPSK transmission using ultrafast time-domain optical Fourier transformation and nonlinear optical loop mirror,” IEICE Trans. Comm E 94-B, 430–436 (2011).

2010 (1)

T. Hirano, P. Guan, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “640-Gb/s/channel single-polarization DPSK transmission over 525 km with ultrafast time-domain optical Fourier transformation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(14), 1042–1044 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28 Tbit/s single-polarisation serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 45(5), 280–281 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

M. Nakazawa, T. Hirooka, F. Futami, and S. Watanabe, “Ideal distortion-free transmission using optical Fourier transformation and Fourier transform-limited optical pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(4), 1059–1061 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, and K. R. Tamura, “1.28 Tbit/s-70 km OTDM transmission using third- and fourth-order simultaneous dispersion compensation with a phase modulator,” Electron. Lett. 36(24), 2027–2029 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

B. L. Heffner, “Accurate, automated measurement of differential group delay dispersion and principal state variation using Jones matrix eigenanalysis,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(7), 814–817 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Boerner, C.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Clausen, A. T.

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28 Tbit/s single-polarisation serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 45(5), 280–281 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ferber, S.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Futami, F.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, T. Hirooka, F. Futami, and S. Watanabe, “Ideal distortion-free transmission using optical Fourier transformation and Fourier transform-limited optical pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(4), 1059–1061 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Galili, M.

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28 Tbit/s single-polarisation serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 45(5), 280–281 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28 Tbit/s single-polarisation serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 45(5), 280–281 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Guan, P.

P. Guan, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, Y. Tomiyama, T. Hirano, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Single-channel 1.28 Tbit/s-525 km DQPSK transmission using ultrafast time-domain optical Fourier transformation and nonlinear optical loop mirror,” IEICE Trans. Comm E 94-B, 430–436 (2011).

T. Hirano, P. Guan, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “640-Gb/s/channel single-polarization DPSK transmission over 525 km with ultrafast time-domain optical Fourier transformation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(14), 1042–1044 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hansen Mulvad, H. C.

P. Guan, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, Y. Tomiyama, T. Hirano, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Single-channel 1.28 Tbit/s-525 km DQPSK transmission using ultrafast time-domain optical Fourier transformation and nonlinear optical loop mirror,” IEICE Trans. Comm E 94-B, 430–436 (2011).

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28 Tbit/s single-polarisation serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 45(5), 280–281 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Heffner, B. L.

B. L. Heffner, “Accurate, automated measurement of differential group delay dispersion and principal state variation using Jones matrix eigenanalysis,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(7), 814–817 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hirano, T.

P. Guan, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, Y. Tomiyama, T. Hirano, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Single-channel 1.28 Tbit/s-525 km DQPSK transmission using ultrafast time-domain optical Fourier transformation and nonlinear optical loop mirror,” IEICE Trans. Comm E 94-B, 430–436 (2011).

T. Hirano, P. Guan, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “640-Gb/s/channel single-polarization DPSK transmission over 525 km with ultrafast time-domain optical Fourier transformation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(14), 1042–1044 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hirooka, T.

P. Guan, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, Y. Tomiyama, T. Hirano, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Single-channel 1.28 Tbit/s-525 km DQPSK transmission using ultrafast time-domain optical Fourier transformation and nonlinear optical loop mirror,” IEICE Trans. Comm E 94-B, 430–436 (2011).

T. Hirano, P. Guan, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “640-Gb/s/channel single-polarization DPSK transmission over 525 km with ultrafast time-domain optical Fourier transformation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(14), 1042–1044 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, T. Hirooka, F. Futami, and S. Watanabe, “Ideal distortion-free transmission using optical Fourier transformation and Fourier transform-limited optical pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(4), 1059–1061 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jeppesen, P.

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28 Tbit/s single-polarisation serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 45(5), 280–281 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kroh, M.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ludwig, R.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Marembert, V.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, M.

P. Guan, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, Y. Tomiyama, T. Hirano, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Single-channel 1.28 Tbit/s-525 km DQPSK transmission using ultrafast time-domain optical Fourier transformation and nonlinear optical loop mirror,” IEICE Trans. Comm E 94-B, 430–436 (2011).

T. Hirano, P. Guan, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “640-Gb/s/channel single-polarization DPSK transmission over 525 km with ultrafast time-domain optical Fourier transformation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(14), 1042–1044 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, T. Hirooka, F. Futami, and S. Watanabe, “Ideal distortion-free transmission using optical Fourier transformation and Fourier transform-limited optical pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(4), 1059–1061 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, and K. R. Tamura, “1.28 Tbit/s-70 km OTDM transmission using third- and fourth-order simultaneous dispersion compensation with a phase modulator,” Electron. Lett. 36(24), 2027–2029 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Oxenløwe, L. K.

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28 Tbit/s single-polarisation serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 45(5), 280–281 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt-Langhorst, C.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schubert, C.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, K. R.

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, and K. R. Tamura, “1.28 Tbit/s-70 km OTDM transmission using third- and fourth-order simultaneous dispersion compensation with a phase modulator,” Electron. Lett. 36(24), 2027–2029 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tomiyama, Y.

P. Guan, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, Y. Tomiyama, T. Hirano, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Single-channel 1.28 Tbit/s-525 km DQPSK transmission using ultrafast time-domain optical Fourier transformation and nonlinear optical loop mirror,” IEICE Trans. Comm E 94-B, 430–436 (2011).

Watanabe, S.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, T. Hirooka, F. Futami, and S. Watanabe, “Ideal distortion-free transmission using optical Fourier transformation and Fourier transform-limited optical pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(4), 1059–1061 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Weber, H. G.

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, T.

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, and K. R. Tamura, “1.28 Tbit/s-70 km OTDM transmission using third- and fourth-order simultaneous dispersion compensation with a phase modulator,” Electron. Lett. 36(24), 2027–2029 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

M. Nakazawa, T. Yamamoto, and K. R. Tamura, “1.28 Tbit/s-70 km OTDM transmission using third- and fourth-order simultaneous dispersion compensation with a phase modulator,” Electron. Lett. 36(24), 2027–2029 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Weber, S. Ferber, M. Kroh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, F. Futami, S. Watanabe, and C. Schubert, “Single channel 1.28 Tbit/s and 2.56 Tbit/s DQPSK transmission,” Electron. Lett. 42(3), 178–179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Hansen Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28 Tbit/s single-polarisation serial OOK optical data generation and demultiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 45(5), 280–281 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

T. Hirano, P. Guan, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “640-Gb/s/channel single-polarization DPSK transmission over 525 km with ultrafast time-domain optical Fourier transformation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(14), 1042–1044 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, T. Hirooka, F. Futami, and S. Watanabe, “Ideal distortion-free transmission using optical Fourier transformation and Fourier transform-limited optical pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(4), 1059–1061 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. L. Heffner, “Accurate, automated measurement of differential group delay dispersion and principal state variation using Jones matrix eigenanalysis,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(7), 814–817 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Comm E (1)

P. Guan, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, Y. Tomiyama, T. Hirano, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Single-channel 1.28 Tbit/s-525 km DQPSK transmission using ultrafast time-domain optical Fourier transformation and nonlinear optical loop mirror,” IEICE Trans. Comm E 94-B, 430–436 (2011).

Other (5)

C. Boerner, V. Marembert, S. Ferber, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, and H. G. Weber, “320 Gbit/s clock recovery with electro-optical PLL using a bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulator as phase comparator,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), OTuO3.

T. Richter, E. Palushani, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, M. Nölle, R. Ludwig, and C. Schubert, “Single wavelength channel 10.2 Tb/s TDM-data capacity using 16-QAM and coherent detection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), PDPA9.

C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, H. Hu, and C. Schubert, “Single-channel 1-Tb/s transmission over 480 km DMF for future terabit ethernet systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), OTuN5.

C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, D.-D. Gross, L. Molle, M. Seimetz, R. Freund, and C. Schubert, “Generation and coherent time-division demultiplexing of up to 5.1 Tb/s single-channel 8-PSK and 16-QAM signals,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), PDPC6.

H. G. Weber and M. Nakazawa, Ultrahigh-Speed Optical Transmission Technology (Springer, 2007).

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