Abstract

We present an InP monolithically integrated wavelength selector that implements a binary search for selecting N modulated wavelengths. The wavelength selector filter is realized using log2N an active Mach-Zehnder interferometer filter and broadband optical gating elements. Nanosecond reconfigurable operation with a spectral-alignment over 3.2nm free spectral range is achieved with an extinction ratio exceeding 25dB. Error-free operation of the wavelength selector for four modulated wavelengths with 2 dB of power penalty is demonstrated.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. N. Amaya, I. Muhammad, G. S. Zervas, R. Nejabati, D. Simeodinou, Y. R. Zhou, and A. Lord, “Experimental demonstration of a gridless multi-granular optical network supporting flexible spectrum switching”, in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, San Diego, CA, OMW3 (2011).
  2. A. d’Alessandro, D. Donisi, L. De Sio, R. Beccherelli, R. Asquini, R. Caputo, and C. Umeton, “Tunable integrated optical filter made of a glass ion-exchanged waveguide and an electro-optic composite holographic grating,” Opt. Express 16(13), 9254–9260 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, V. Van, J. V. Hryniewicz, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, D. Gill, O. King, F. Seiferth, M. Trakalo, and J. Shanton, ‘Compact full C-band tunable filters for 50 GHz channel spacing based on high order micro-ring resonators,’ OFC 2004, Anaheim, PDP9 (2004).
  4. X. Lu, M. Li, R. Samarth, and L. Zheng, “Electro-optic tunable bandpass filter based on long-period-grating-assisted asymmetric waveguide coupling,” Opt. Eng. 46, 405081 (2007).
  5. E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, J. S. Parker, L. A. Johansson, and L. A. Coldren, “Programmable Photonic Microwave Filters Monolithically Integrated in InP–InGaAsP,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(11), 1611–1619 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. L. Wooten, R. L. Stone, E. W. Miles, and E. M. Bradley, “Rapidly tunable narrowband wavelength filter using LiNbO3 unbalanced Mach-Zehnder Interferometers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(11), 2530–2536 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Tae Ahn, S. Park, J. Yun Do, J.-M. Lee, M.-H. Lee, and K. Hon Kim, “Polymer Wavelength Channel Selector Composed of Electrooptic Polymer Switch Array and Two Polymer Arrayed Waveguide Gratings, ” Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1567–1570 (2004).
  8. S. Khalfallah, B. Martin, J. Decobert, S. Fabre, C. Fortin, P. Peloso, I. Guillemot, J. Le Bris, M. Renaud, A. Goth, A. Dupas, L. Gilbert, and D. Pennincks, “First optical packet switching demonstration with sixteen-channel InP monolithically integrated wavelength selector module,” in Proceedings of the ECOC 2001, (2001), pp. 80–81.
  9. N. Kikuchi, Y. Shibata, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, S. Oku, Y. Kondo, and Y. Tohmori, “Monolithically integrated 100-channel WDM channel selector employing low-crosstalk AWG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2481–2483 (2004).
  10. Z. Wang, S.-J. Chang, C.-Y. Ni, and Y. J. Chen, “A high-performance ultracompact optical interleaver based on double-ring assisted Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1072–1704 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. Stabile, N. Calabretta, H. J. S. Dorren, M. K. Smit, and K. A. Williams, “Reconfigurable Monolithic Wavelength Filter Using Gated Amplifying Mach-Zehnders,” IEEE Photonics 2011 Conference (IPC11) Arlington, Virginia, MR4 (2011).
  12. E. F. Burmeister, J. P. Mack, H. N. Poulsen, J. Klamkin, L. A. Coldren, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E. Bowers, “SOA gate array recirculating buffer for optical packet switching,” in Proceedings of OFC 2008, San Diego, USA, OWe4 (2008).

2011

2008

2007

Z. Wang, S.-J. Chang, C.-Y. Ni, and Y. J. Chen, “A high-performance ultracompact optical interleaver based on double-ring assisted Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1072–1704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Lu, M. Li, R. Samarth, and L. Zheng, “Electro-optic tunable bandpass filter based on long-period-grating-assisted asymmetric waveguide coupling,” Opt. Eng. 46, 405081 (2007).

2004

J. Tae Ahn, S. Park, J. Yun Do, J.-M. Lee, M.-H. Lee, and K. Hon Kim, “Polymer Wavelength Channel Selector Composed of Electrooptic Polymer Switch Array and Two Polymer Arrayed Waveguide Gratings, ” Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1567–1570 (2004).

N. Kikuchi, Y. Shibata, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, S. Oku, Y. Kondo, and Y. Tohmori, “Monolithically integrated 100-channel WDM channel selector employing low-crosstalk AWG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2481–2483 (2004).

2001

S. Khalfallah, B. Martin, J. Decobert, S. Fabre, C. Fortin, P. Peloso, I. Guillemot, J. Le Bris, M. Renaud, A. Goth, A. Dupas, L. Gilbert, and D. Pennincks, “First optical packet switching demonstration with sixteen-channel InP monolithically integrated wavelength selector module,” in Proceedings of the ECOC 2001, (2001), pp. 80–81.

1996

E. L. Wooten, R. L. Stone, E. W. Miles, and E. M. Bradley, “Rapidly tunable narrowband wavelength filter using LiNbO3 unbalanced Mach-Zehnder Interferometers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(11), 2530–2536 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Asquini, R.

Beccherelli, R.

Bradley, E. M.

E. L. Wooten, R. L. Stone, E. W. Miles, and E. M. Bradley, “Rapidly tunable narrowband wavelength filter using LiNbO3 unbalanced Mach-Zehnder Interferometers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(11), 2530–2536 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Caputo, R.

Chang, S.-J.

Z. Wang, S.-J. Chang, C.-Y. Ni, and Y. J. Chen, “A high-performance ultracompact optical interleaver based on double-ring assisted Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1072–1704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. J.

Z. Wang, S.-J. Chang, C.-Y. Ni, and Y. J. Chen, “A high-performance ultracompact optical interleaver based on double-ring assisted Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1072–1704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Coldren, L. A.

d’Alessandro, A.

De Sio, L.

Decobert, J.

S. Khalfallah, B. Martin, J. Decobert, S. Fabre, C. Fortin, P. Peloso, I. Guillemot, J. Le Bris, M. Renaud, A. Goth, A. Dupas, L. Gilbert, and D. Pennincks, “First optical packet switching demonstration with sixteen-channel InP monolithically integrated wavelength selector module,” in Proceedings of the ECOC 2001, (2001), pp. 80–81.

Donisi, D.

Dupas, A.

S. Khalfallah, B. Martin, J. Decobert, S. Fabre, C. Fortin, P. Peloso, I. Guillemot, J. Le Bris, M. Renaud, A. Goth, A. Dupas, L. Gilbert, and D. Pennincks, “First optical packet switching demonstration with sixteen-channel InP monolithically integrated wavelength selector module,” in Proceedings of the ECOC 2001, (2001), pp. 80–81.

Fabre, S.

S. Khalfallah, B. Martin, J. Decobert, S. Fabre, C. Fortin, P. Peloso, I. Guillemot, J. Le Bris, M. Renaud, A. Goth, A. Dupas, L. Gilbert, and D. Pennincks, “First optical packet switching demonstration with sixteen-channel InP monolithically integrated wavelength selector module,” in Proceedings of the ECOC 2001, (2001), pp. 80–81.

Fortin, C.

S. Khalfallah, B. Martin, J. Decobert, S. Fabre, C. Fortin, P. Peloso, I. Guillemot, J. Le Bris, M. Renaud, A. Goth, A. Dupas, L. Gilbert, and D. Pennincks, “First optical packet switching demonstration with sixteen-channel InP monolithically integrated wavelength selector module,” in Proceedings of the ECOC 2001, (2001), pp. 80–81.

Gilbert, L.

S. Khalfallah, B. Martin, J. Decobert, S. Fabre, C. Fortin, P. Peloso, I. Guillemot, J. Le Bris, M. Renaud, A. Goth, A. Dupas, L. Gilbert, and D. Pennincks, “First optical packet switching demonstration with sixteen-channel InP monolithically integrated wavelength selector module,” in Proceedings of the ECOC 2001, (2001), pp. 80–81.

Goth, A.

S. Khalfallah, B. Martin, J. Decobert, S. Fabre, C. Fortin, P. Peloso, I. Guillemot, J. Le Bris, M. Renaud, A. Goth, A. Dupas, L. Gilbert, and D. Pennincks, “First optical packet switching demonstration with sixteen-channel InP monolithically integrated wavelength selector module,” in Proceedings of the ECOC 2001, (2001), pp. 80–81.

Guillemot, I.

S. Khalfallah, B. Martin, J. Decobert, S. Fabre, C. Fortin, P. Peloso, I. Guillemot, J. Le Bris, M. Renaud, A. Goth, A. Dupas, L. Gilbert, and D. Pennincks, “First optical packet switching demonstration with sixteen-channel InP monolithically integrated wavelength selector module,” in Proceedings of the ECOC 2001, (2001), pp. 80–81.

Guzzon, R. S.

Hon Kim, K.

J. Tae Ahn, S. Park, J. Yun Do, J.-M. Lee, M.-H. Lee, and K. Hon Kim, “Polymer Wavelength Channel Selector Composed of Electrooptic Polymer Switch Array and Two Polymer Arrayed Waveguide Gratings, ” Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1567–1570 (2004).

Johansson, L. A.

Kawaguchi, Y.

N. Kikuchi, Y. Shibata, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, S. Oku, Y. Kondo, and Y. Tohmori, “Monolithically integrated 100-channel WDM channel selector employing low-crosstalk AWG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2481–2483 (2004).

Khalfallah, S.

S. Khalfallah, B. Martin, J. Decobert, S. Fabre, C. Fortin, P. Peloso, I. Guillemot, J. Le Bris, M. Renaud, A. Goth, A. Dupas, L. Gilbert, and D. Pennincks, “First optical packet switching demonstration with sixteen-channel InP monolithically integrated wavelength selector module,” in Proceedings of the ECOC 2001, (2001), pp. 80–81.

Kikuchi, N.

N. Kikuchi, Y. Shibata, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, S. Oku, Y. Kondo, and Y. Tohmori, “Monolithically integrated 100-channel WDM channel selector employing low-crosstalk AWG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2481–2483 (2004).

Kondo, Y.

N. Kikuchi, Y. Shibata, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, S. Oku, Y. Kondo, and Y. Tohmori, “Monolithically integrated 100-channel WDM channel selector employing low-crosstalk AWG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2481–2483 (2004).

Le Bris, J.

S. Khalfallah, B. Martin, J. Decobert, S. Fabre, C. Fortin, P. Peloso, I. Guillemot, J. Le Bris, M. Renaud, A. Goth, A. Dupas, L. Gilbert, and D. Pennincks, “First optical packet switching demonstration with sixteen-channel InP monolithically integrated wavelength selector module,” in Proceedings of the ECOC 2001, (2001), pp. 80–81.

Lee, J.-M.

J. Tae Ahn, S. Park, J. Yun Do, J.-M. Lee, M.-H. Lee, and K. Hon Kim, “Polymer Wavelength Channel Selector Composed of Electrooptic Polymer Switch Array and Two Polymer Arrayed Waveguide Gratings, ” Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1567–1570 (2004).

Lee, M.-H.

J. Tae Ahn, S. Park, J. Yun Do, J.-M. Lee, M.-H. Lee, and K. Hon Kim, “Polymer Wavelength Channel Selector Composed of Electrooptic Polymer Switch Array and Two Polymer Arrayed Waveguide Gratings, ” Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1567–1570 (2004).

Li, M.

X. Lu, M. Li, R. Samarth, and L. Zheng, “Electro-optic tunable bandpass filter based on long-period-grating-assisted asymmetric waveguide coupling,” Opt. Eng. 46, 405081 (2007).

Lu, X.

X. Lu, M. Li, R. Samarth, and L. Zheng, “Electro-optic tunable bandpass filter based on long-period-grating-assisted asymmetric waveguide coupling,” Opt. Eng. 46, 405081 (2007).

Martin, B.

S. Khalfallah, B. Martin, J. Decobert, S. Fabre, C. Fortin, P. Peloso, I. Guillemot, J. Le Bris, M. Renaud, A. Goth, A. Dupas, L. Gilbert, and D. Pennincks, “First optical packet switching demonstration with sixteen-channel InP monolithically integrated wavelength selector module,” in Proceedings of the ECOC 2001, (2001), pp. 80–81.

Miles, E. W.

E. L. Wooten, R. L. Stone, E. W. Miles, and E. M. Bradley, “Rapidly tunable narrowband wavelength filter using LiNbO3 unbalanced Mach-Zehnder Interferometers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(11), 2530–2536 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ni, C.-Y.

Z. Wang, S.-J. Chang, C.-Y. Ni, and Y. J. Chen, “A high-performance ultracompact optical interleaver based on double-ring assisted Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1072–1704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Norberg, E. J.

Okamoto, H.

N. Kikuchi, Y. Shibata, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, S. Oku, Y. Kondo, and Y. Tohmori, “Monolithically integrated 100-channel WDM channel selector employing low-crosstalk AWG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2481–2483 (2004).

Oku, S.

N. Kikuchi, Y. Shibata, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, S. Oku, Y. Kondo, and Y. Tohmori, “Monolithically integrated 100-channel WDM channel selector employing low-crosstalk AWG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2481–2483 (2004).

Park, S.

J. Tae Ahn, S. Park, J. Yun Do, J.-M. Lee, M.-H. Lee, and K. Hon Kim, “Polymer Wavelength Channel Selector Composed of Electrooptic Polymer Switch Array and Two Polymer Arrayed Waveguide Gratings, ” Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1567–1570 (2004).

Parker, J. S.

Peloso, P.

S. Khalfallah, B. Martin, J. Decobert, S. Fabre, C. Fortin, P. Peloso, I. Guillemot, J. Le Bris, M. Renaud, A. Goth, A. Dupas, L. Gilbert, and D. Pennincks, “First optical packet switching demonstration with sixteen-channel InP monolithically integrated wavelength selector module,” in Proceedings of the ECOC 2001, (2001), pp. 80–81.

Pennincks, D.

S. Khalfallah, B. Martin, J. Decobert, S. Fabre, C. Fortin, P. Peloso, I. Guillemot, J. Le Bris, M. Renaud, A. Goth, A. Dupas, L. Gilbert, and D. Pennincks, “First optical packet switching demonstration with sixteen-channel InP monolithically integrated wavelength selector module,” in Proceedings of the ECOC 2001, (2001), pp. 80–81.

Renaud, M.

S. Khalfallah, B. Martin, J. Decobert, S. Fabre, C. Fortin, P. Peloso, I. Guillemot, J. Le Bris, M. Renaud, A. Goth, A. Dupas, L. Gilbert, and D. Pennincks, “First optical packet switching demonstration with sixteen-channel InP monolithically integrated wavelength selector module,” in Proceedings of the ECOC 2001, (2001), pp. 80–81.

Samarth, R.

X. Lu, M. Li, R. Samarth, and L. Zheng, “Electro-optic tunable bandpass filter based on long-period-grating-assisted asymmetric waveguide coupling,” Opt. Eng. 46, 405081 (2007).

Shibata, Y.

N. Kikuchi, Y. Shibata, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, S. Oku, Y. Kondo, and Y. Tohmori, “Monolithically integrated 100-channel WDM channel selector employing low-crosstalk AWG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2481–2483 (2004).

Stone, R. L.

E. L. Wooten, R. L. Stone, E. W. Miles, and E. M. Bradley, “Rapidly tunable narrowband wavelength filter using LiNbO3 unbalanced Mach-Zehnder Interferometers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(11), 2530–2536 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tae Ahn, J.

J. Tae Ahn, S. Park, J. Yun Do, J.-M. Lee, M.-H. Lee, and K. Hon Kim, “Polymer Wavelength Channel Selector Composed of Electrooptic Polymer Switch Array and Two Polymer Arrayed Waveguide Gratings, ” Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1567–1570 (2004).

Tohmori, Y.

N. Kikuchi, Y. Shibata, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, S. Oku, Y. Kondo, and Y. Tohmori, “Monolithically integrated 100-channel WDM channel selector employing low-crosstalk AWG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2481–2483 (2004).

Umeton, C.

Wang, Z.

Z. Wang, S.-J. Chang, C.-Y. Ni, and Y. J. Chen, “A high-performance ultracompact optical interleaver based on double-ring assisted Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1072–1704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wooten, E. L.

E. L. Wooten, R. L. Stone, E. W. Miles, and E. M. Bradley, “Rapidly tunable narrowband wavelength filter using LiNbO3 unbalanced Mach-Zehnder Interferometers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(11), 2530–2536 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yun Do, J.

J. Tae Ahn, S. Park, J. Yun Do, J.-M. Lee, M.-H. Lee, and K. Hon Kim, “Polymer Wavelength Channel Selector Composed of Electrooptic Polymer Switch Array and Two Polymer Arrayed Waveguide Gratings, ” Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1567–1570 (2004).

Zheng, L.

X. Lu, M. Li, R. Samarth, and L. Zheng, “Electro-optic tunable bandpass filter based on long-period-grating-assisted asymmetric waveguide coupling,” Opt. Eng. 46, 405081 (2007).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

N. Kikuchi, Y. Shibata, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, S. Oku, Y. Kondo, and Y. Tohmori, “Monolithically integrated 100-channel WDM channel selector employing low-crosstalk AWG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2481–2483 (2004).

Z. Wang, S.-J. Chang, C.-Y. Ni, and Y. J. Chen, “A high-performance ultracompact optical interleaver based on double-ring assisted Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1072–1704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

E. L. Wooten, R. L. Stone, E. W. Miles, and E. M. Bradley, “Rapidly tunable narrowband wavelength filter using LiNbO3 unbalanced Mach-Zehnder Interferometers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14(11), 2530–2536 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, J. S. Parker, L. A. Johansson, and L. A. Coldren, “Programmable Photonic Microwave Filters Monolithically Integrated in InP–InGaAsP,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(11), 1611–1619 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

X. Lu, M. Li, R. Samarth, and L. Zheng, “Electro-optic tunable bandpass filter based on long-period-grating-assisted asymmetric waveguide coupling,” Opt. Eng. 46, 405081 (2007).

Opt. Express

Photon. Technol. Lett.

J. Tae Ahn, S. Park, J. Yun Do, J.-M. Lee, M.-H. Lee, and K. Hon Kim, “Polymer Wavelength Channel Selector Composed of Electrooptic Polymer Switch Array and Two Polymer Arrayed Waveguide Gratings, ” Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1567–1570 (2004).

Other

S. Khalfallah, B. Martin, J. Decobert, S. Fabre, C. Fortin, P. Peloso, I. Guillemot, J. Le Bris, M. Renaud, A. Goth, A. Dupas, L. Gilbert, and D. Pennincks, “First optical packet switching demonstration with sixteen-channel InP monolithically integrated wavelength selector module,” in Proceedings of the ECOC 2001, (2001), pp. 80–81.

N. Amaya, I. Muhammad, G. S. Zervas, R. Nejabati, D. Simeodinou, Y. R. Zhou, and A. Lord, “Experimental demonstration of a gridless multi-granular optical network supporting flexible spectrum switching”, in Proc. OFC/NFOEC, San Diego, CA, OMW3 (2011).

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, V. Van, J. V. Hryniewicz, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, D. Gill, O. King, F. Seiferth, M. Trakalo, and J. Shanton, ‘Compact full C-band tunable filters for 50 GHz channel spacing based on high order micro-ring resonators,’ OFC 2004, Anaheim, PDP9 (2004).

R. Stabile, N. Calabretta, H. J. S. Dorren, M. K. Smit, and K. A. Williams, “Reconfigurable Monolithic Wavelength Filter Using Gated Amplifying Mach-Zehnders,” IEEE Photonics 2011 Conference (IPC11) Arlington, Virginia, MR4 (2011).

E. F. Burmeister, J. P. Mack, H. N. Poulsen, J. Klamkin, L. A. Coldren, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E. Bowers, “SOA gate array recirculating buffer for optical packet switching,” in Proceedings of OFC 2008, San Diego, USA, OWe4 (2008).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Operation of (a) the binary search algorithm. (b) The optical WS circuit. (c) Transfer functions of the periodic filter with different free spectral ranges.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Microscope image of the fabricated reconfigurable wavelength selector.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Experimental set-up. (b) Transfer function of the periodic filter.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Output optical signal as a function of the current at the long MZI arm, SOA5, for four input wavelengths covering one free spectral range. (b) Contour map of optical transmission showing the fine wavelength tuning as a function of the current of SOA5.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Optical spectra recorded at the WS output for four different operation of the selector. Selecting (a) λ1. (b) λ2. (c) λ3. (d) λ4. (e) Time response of the SOA of the optical switch.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Input packets. (b-c) Complementary controls applied to SOA1, SOA2 of the optical switch 1. (d-e) Complementary controls applied to SOA3, SOA4 of the optical switch 2. (f-i) WS output traces for the four wavelengths. BER curves of the back-to-back and static selected wavelength at λ1, and of the dynamic packet selected operation. Inset, eye diagrams of the signal before and after the WS at λ1.

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