Abstract

We demonstrate 2.56 Tbit/s/port dual-polarization DWDM/DQPSK variable-length optical packet (20 Gbit/s × 64 wavelengths × 2 polarizations) switching and buffering by using a 2×2 optical packet switch (OPS) system. The optical data plane of the OPS system was constructed of multi-connected electro-optical switches and fiber delay lines. The accumulated polarization dependent loss of each optical path in the data plane was less than 5 dB. This low-polarization-dependence OPS system enabled us to handle DWDM/DQPSK optical packets (1.28 Tbit/s/port) with time-varying polarization after transmission through 100 km fiber in the field.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. D. Qian, M. F. Huang, E. Ip, Y. K. Huang, Y. Shao, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “101.7-Tb/s (370×294-Gb/s) PDM-128QAM-OFDM transmission over 3×55-km SSMF using pilot-based phase noise mitigation,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2011 (2011), PDPB5.
  2. J. Sakaguchi, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, T. Hayashi, T. Taru, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “109-Tb/s (7×97×172-Gb/s SDM/WDM/PDM) QPSK transmission through 16.8-km homogeneous multi-core fiber,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2011 (2011), PDPB6.
  3. M. Salsi, C. Koebele, D. Sperti, P. Tran, P. Brindel, H. Mardoyan, S. Bigo, A. Boutin, F. Verluise, P. Sillard, M. Astruc, L. Provost, F. Cerou, and G. Charlet, “Transmission at 2×100Gb/s, over two modes of 40km-long prototype few-mode fiber, using LCOS based mode multiplexer and demultiplexer,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2011 (2011), PDPB9.
  4. D. J. Blumenthal, A. Carena, L. Rau, V. Curri, and S. Humphries, “All-optical label swapping with wavelength conversion for WDM-IP networks with subcarrier multiplexed addressing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(11), 1497–1499 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. Kitayama and N. Wada, “Photonic IP routing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(12), 1689–1691 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. J. S. Dorren, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, N. Calabretta, A. Srivatsa, F. M. Huijskens, H. de Waardt, and G. D. Khoe, “Optical packet switching and buffering by using all-optical signal processing methods,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21(1), 2–12 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. J. B. Yoo, F. Xue, Y. Bansal, J. Taylor, Z. Pan, J. Cao, M. Jeon, T. Nady, G. Goncher, K. Boyer, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, and V. Akella, “High-performance optical-label switching packet routers and smart edge routers for the next-generation internet,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21(7), 1041–1051 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Shinada, H. Furukawa, M. Nakamura, and N. Wada, “Record switching throughput of 1.28-Tbit/s/port (64-wavelength×20-Gbit/s) by DWDM/NRZ-DQPSK optical packet switch system,” in Proceedings of 35th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2009), PD3.1.
  9. M. Funabashi, Z. Zhu, Z. Pan, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Packet-by-packet all-optical burst-mode 3R regeneration in an optical-label switching router,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2006 (2006), OFJ1.
  10. Y. Suzaki, R. Urata, T. Nakahara, H. Takenouchi, and R. Takahashi, “Hybrid optoelectronic router for optical packet switching,” in Proceedings of 15th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (2010), 8D4–2.
  11. N. Wada, H. Harai, and F. Kubota, “40 Gbit/s interface, optical code based photonic packet switch prototype,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2003 (2003), FS7.
  12. N. Calabretta and H. Dorren, “All-optical label processing in optical packet switched networks,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2010 (2010), OThN6.
  13. T. Tanemura, I. M. Soganci, T. Oyama, T. Ohyama, S. Mino, K. A. Williams, N. Calabretta, H. J. S. Dorren, and Y. Nakano, “Optical buffer based on monolithic InP phased-array 1×16 switch with silica-PLC pitch converter and ultra-compact coiled fiber delay lines,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2010 (2010), PDPA5.
  14. K. Nashimoto, D. Kudzuma, and H. Han, “High-speed switching and filtering using PLZT waveguide devices,” in Proceedings of 15th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (2010), 8E1–1.
  15. G. Cincotti, N. Wad, and K. Kitayama, “Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic routers - part I: modeling and design,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(1), 103–112 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  16. S. Shinada, H. Furukawa, H. Harai, and N. Wada, “Variable-length DQPSK optical packet switching and buffering using asynchronous buffer manager,” in Proceedings of 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2010), We.8.A.2.
  17. Y. Oikawa, Y. Horiuchi, Y. Tanaka, Y. Shiga, M. Shiga, and N. Nagaeda, “Super-fast AGC-EDFA for the burst-mode systems without gain excursion in 20-ns and 21-dB ramped input,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2008 (2008), JThA15.
  18. Y. Awaji, H. Furukawa, N. Wada, P. Chan, and R. Man, “Mitigation of transient response of erbium-doped fiber amplifier for burst traffic of high speed optical packets,” in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics 2007 (2007), JTuA133.
  19. H. Furukawa, N. Wada, Y. Awaji, T. Miyazaki, H. Iiduka, N. Shiga, N. Sato, and H. Harai, “Optical packet and circuit simultaneous transmission technologies for dynamic lightpath setup/release and packet traffic change,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2011 (2011), OMK2.
  20. S. Shinada, H. Furukawa, and N. Wada, “Over 1-Tbit/s/port polarization-multiplexed DWDM/DQPSK optical packet switching and buffering,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2011 (2011), OMW6.
  21. N. Wada, N. Kataoka, T. Makino, N. Takezawa, K. Nashimoto, and T. Miyazaki, “Field demonstration of 1.28T bit/s/port, ultra-wide bandwidth colored optical packet switching with polarization independent high-speed switch and all-optical hierarchical label processing,” in Proceedings of 33th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2007), PDS 3.1.
  22. JGN2plus, http://www.jgn.nict.go.jp/ .

2006

2003

H. J. S. Dorren, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, N. Calabretta, A. Srivatsa, F. M. Huijskens, H. de Waardt, and G. D. Khoe, “Optical packet switching and buffering by using all-optical signal processing methods,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21(1), 2–12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. J. B. Yoo, F. Xue, Y. Bansal, J. Taylor, Z. Pan, J. Cao, M. Jeon, T. Nady, G. Goncher, K. Boyer, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, and V. Akella, “High-performance optical-label switching packet routers and smart edge routers for the next-generation internet,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21(7), 1041–1051 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1999

D. J. Blumenthal, A. Carena, L. Rau, V. Curri, and S. Humphries, “All-optical label swapping with wavelength conversion for WDM-IP networks with subcarrier multiplexed addressing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(11), 1497–1499 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Kitayama and N. Wada, “Photonic IP routing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(12), 1689–1691 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Akella, V.

S. J. B. Yoo, F. Xue, Y. Bansal, J. Taylor, Z. Pan, J. Cao, M. Jeon, T. Nady, G. Goncher, K. Boyer, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, and V. Akella, “High-performance optical-label switching packet routers and smart edge routers for the next-generation internet,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21(7), 1041–1051 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bansal, Y.

S. J. B. Yoo, F. Xue, Y. Bansal, J. Taylor, Z. Pan, J. Cao, M. Jeon, T. Nady, G. Goncher, K. Boyer, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, and V. Akella, “High-performance optical-label switching packet routers and smart edge routers for the next-generation internet,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21(7), 1041–1051 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Blumenthal, D. J.

D. J. Blumenthal, A. Carena, L. Rau, V. Curri, and S. Humphries, “All-optical label swapping with wavelength conversion for WDM-IP networks with subcarrier multiplexed addressing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(11), 1497–1499 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Boyer, K.

S. J. B. Yoo, F. Xue, Y. Bansal, J. Taylor, Z. Pan, J. Cao, M. Jeon, T. Nady, G. Goncher, K. Boyer, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, and V. Akella, “High-performance optical-label switching packet routers and smart edge routers for the next-generation internet,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21(7), 1041–1051 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Calabretta, N.

Cao, J.

S. J. B. Yoo, F. Xue, Y. Bansal, J. Taylor, Z. Pan, J. Cao, M. Jeon, T. Nady, G. Goncher, K. Boyer, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, and V. Akella, “High-performance optical-label switching packet routers and smart edge routers for the next-generation internet,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21(7), 1041–1051 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Carena, A.

D. J. Blumenthal, A. Carena, L. Rau, V. Curri, and S. Humphries, “All-optical label swapping with wavelength conversion for WDM-IP networks with subcarrier multiplexed addressing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(11), 1497–1499 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cincotti, G.

Curri, V.

D. J. Blumenthal, A. Carena, L. Rau, V. Curri, and S. Humphries, “All-optical label swapping with wavelength conversion for WDM-IP networks with subcarrier multiplexed addressing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(11), 1497–1499 (1999).
[CrossRef]

de Waardt, H.

Dorren, H. J. S.

Goncher, G.

S. J. B. Yoo, F. Xue, Y. Bansal, J. Taylor, Z. Pan, J. Cao, M. Jeon, T. Nady, G. Goncher, K. Boyer, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, and V. Akella, “High-performance optical-label switching packet routers and smart edge routers for the next-generation internet,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21(7), 1041–1051 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hill, M. T.

Huijskens, F. M.

Humphries, S.

D. J. Blumenthal, A. Carena, L. Rau, V. Curri, and S. Humphries, “All-optical label swapping with wavelength conversion for WDM-IP networks with subcarrier multiplexed addressing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(11), 1497–1499 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jeon, M.

S. J. B. Yoo, F. Xue, Y. Bansal, J. Taylor, Z. Pan, J. Cao, M. Jeon, T. Nady, G. Goncher, K. Boyer, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, and V. Akella, “High-performance optical-label switching packet routers and smart edge routers for the next-generation internet,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21(7), 1041–1051 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kamei, S.

S. J. B. Yoo, F. Xue, Y. Bansal, J. Taylor, Z. Pan, J. Cao, M. Jeon, T. Nady, G. Goncher, K. Boyer, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, and V. Akella, “High-performance optical-label switching packet routers and smart edge routers for the next-generation internet,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21(7), 1041–1051 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Khoe, G. D.

Kitayama, K.

Liu, Y.

Nady, T.

S. J. B. Yoo, F. Xue, Y. Bansal, J. Taylor, Z. Pan, J. Cao, M. Jeon, T. Nady, G. Goncher, K. Boyer, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, and V. Akella, “High-performance optical-label switching packet routers and smart edge routers for the next-generation internet,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21(7), 1041–1051 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, K.

S. J. B. Yoo, F. Xue, Y. Bansal, J. Taylor, Z. Pan, J. Cao, M. Jeon, T. Nady, G. Goncher, K. Boyer, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, and V. Akella, “High-performance optical-label switching packet routers and smart edge routers for the next-generation internet,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21(7), 1041–1051 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pan, Z.

S. J. B. Yoo, F. Xue, Y. Bansal, J. Taylor, Z. Pan, J. Cao, M. Jeon, T. Nady, G. Goncher, K. Boyer, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, and V. Akella, “High-performance optical-label switching packet routers and smart edge routers for the next-generation internet,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21(7), 1041–1051 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rau, L.

D. J. Blumenthal, A. Carena, L. Rau, V. Curri, and S. Humphries, “All-optical label swapping with wavelength conversion for WDM-IP networks with subcarrier multiplexed addressing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(11), 1497–1499 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Srivatsa, A.

Taylor, J.

S. J. B. Yoo, F. Xue, Y. Bansal, J. Taylor, Z. Pan, J. Cao, M. Jeon, T. Nady, G. Goncher, K. Boyer, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, and V. Akella, “High-performance optical-label switching packet routers and smart edge routers for the next-generation internet,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21(7), 1041–1051 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wad, N.

Wada, N.

K. Kitayama and N. Wada, “Photonic IP routing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(12), 1689–1691 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Xue, F.

S. J. B. Yoo, F. Xue, Y. Bansal, J. Taylor, Z. Pan, J. Cao, M. Jeon, T. Nady, G. Goncher, K. Boyer, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, and V. Akella, “High-performance optical-label switching packet routers and smart edge routers for the next-generation internet,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21(7), 1041–1051 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yoo, S. J. B.

S. J. B. Yoo, F. Xue, Y. Bansal, J. Taylor, Z. Pan, J. Cao, M. Jeon, T. Nady, G. Goncher, K. Boyer, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, and V. Akella, “High-performance optical-label switching packet routers and smart edge routers for the next-generation internet,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21(7), 1041–1051 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun.

S. J. B. Yoo, F. Xue, Y. Bansal, J. Taylor, Z. Pan, J. Cao, M. Jeon, T. Nady, G. Goncher, K. Boyer, K. Okamoto, S. Kamei, and V. Akella, “High-performance optical-label switching packet routers and smart edge routers for the next-generation internet,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21(7), 1041–1051 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

D. J. Blumenthal, A. Carena, L. Rau, V. Curri, and S. Humphries, “All-optical label swapping with wavelength conversion for WDM-IP networks with subcarrier multiplexed addressing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(11), 1497–1499 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Kitayama and N. Wada, “Photonic IP routing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(12), 1689–1691 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Other

S. Shinada, H. Furukawa, H. Harai, and N. Wada, “Variable-length DQPSK optical packet switching and buffering using asynchronous buffer manager,” in Proceedings of 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2010), We.8.A.2.

Y. Oikawa, Y. Horiuchi, Y. Tanaka, Y. Shiga, M. Shiga, and N. Nagaeda, “Super-fast AGC-EDFA for the burst-mode systems without gain excursion in 20-ns and 21-dB ramped input,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2008 (2008), JThA15.

Y. Awaji, H. Furukawa, N. Wada, P. Chan, and R. Man, “Mitigation of transient response of erbium-doped fiber amplifier for burst traffic of high speed optical packets,” in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics 2007 (2007), JTuA133.

H. Furukawa, N. Wada, Y. Awaji, T. Miyazaki, H. Iiduka, N. Shiga, N. Sato, and H. Harai, “Optical packet and circuit simultaneous transmission technologies for dynamic lightpath setup/release and packet traffic change,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2011 (2011), OMK2.

S. Shinada, H. Furukawa, and N. Wada, “Over 1-Tbit/s/port polarization-multiplexed DWDM/DQPSK optical packet switching and buffering,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2011 (2011), OMW6.

N. Wada, N. Kataoka, T. Makino, N. Takezawa, K. Nashimoto, and T. Miyazaki, “Field demonstration of 1.28T bit/s/port, ultra-wide bandwidth colored optical packet switching with polarization independent high-speed switch and all-optical hierarchical label processing,” in Proceedings of 33th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2007), PDS 3.1.

JGN2plus, http://www.jgn.nict.go.jp/ .

S. Shinada, H. Furukawa, M. Nakamura, and N. Wada, “Record switching throughput of 1.28-Tbit/s/port (64-wavelength×20-Gbit/s) by DWDM/NRZ-DQPSK optical packet switch system,” in Proceedings of 35th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2009), PD3.1.

M. Funabashi, Z. Zhu, Z. Pan, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Packet-by-packet all-optical burst-mode 3R regeneration in an optical-label switching router,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2006 (2006), OFJ1.

Y. Suzaki, R. Urata, T. Nakahara, H. Takenouchi, and R. Takahashi, “Hybrid optoelectronic router for optical packet switching,” in Proceedings of 15th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (2010), 8D4–2.

N. Wada, H. Harai, and F. Kubota, “40 Gbit/s interface, optical code based photonic packet switch prototype,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2003 (2003), FS7.

N. Calabretta and H. Dorren, “All-optical label processing in optical packet switched networks,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2010 (2010), OThN6.

T. Tanemura, I. M. Soganci, T. Oyama, T. Ohyama, S. Mino, K. A. Williams, N. Calabretta, H. J. S. Dorren, and Y. Nakano, “Optical buffer based on monolithic InP phased-array 1×16 switch with silica-PLC pitch converter and ultra-compact coiled fiber delay lines,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2010 (2010), PDPA5.

K. Nashimoto, D. Kudzuma, and H. Han, “High-speed switching and filtering using PLZT waveguide devices,” in Proceedings of 15th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (2010), 8E1–1.

D. Qian, M. F. Huang, E. Ip, Y. K. Huang, Y. Shao, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “101.7-Tb/s (370×294-Gb/s) PDM-128QAM-OFDM transmission over 3×55-km SSMF using pilot-based phase noise mitigation,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2011 (2011), PDPB5.

J. Sakaguchi, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, T. Hayashi, T. Taru, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “109-Tb/s (7×97×172-Gb/s SDM/WDM/PDM) QPSK transmission through 16.8-km homogeneous multi-core fiber,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2011 (2011), PDPB6.

M. Salsi, C. Koebele, D. Sperti, P. Tran, P. Brindel, H. Mardoyan, S. Bigo, A. Boutin, F. Verluise, P. Sillard, M. Astruc, L. Provost, F. Cerou, and G. Charlet, “Transmission at 2×100Gb/s, over two modes of 40km-long prototype few-mode fiber, using LCOS based mode multiplexer and demultiplexer,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2011 (2011), PDPB9.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of 2×2 OPS system (2×1 buffer with three fiber delay lines). Each final-stage switching element in 1×2 and 1×4 switches can work as a gate switch to reduce the crosstalk between the output ports.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Polarization dependent losses (PDLs) of (i) 1×2, (ii) 1×4 (output port 1) and (iii) 1×2 + 1×4 PLZT switches (each output port), measured by a polarization analyzer using Jones and Muller matrix methods.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup of transmitter for dual-polarization, wide-colored, DQPSK packet generation (20 Gbit/s DQPSK × 64 wavelengths (50 GHz spacing, C-band) × 2 polarizations).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Optical spectrum, (b), (c), (d) Waveforms of packets from TX-1 and TX-2.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Experimental setup of OPS system and packet receiver for dual-polarization DWDM/DQPSK optical packets. (i-v) Waveforms in the OPS. Right bottom graph shows an output spectrum after buffering.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Experimental setup of packet receiver for dual-polarization DWDM/DQPSK optical packets. (b) eye diagrams of 32 ch. (c) bit-error-rate of all payloads (back to back data were measured at channels 1, 16, 32, 48 and 64).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Schematic diagram of demonstration system. (b) DGD/PMD of 100-km field-installed fiber for 1 hour, in comparison with a bobbin fiber. (c) Image of packet flow in this demonstration.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) Spectrum of DWDM/DQPSK packets from TX-1 and TX-2 after field transmission (measured at inputs of OPS) and (b) after OPS process. (c) Bit error rate of optical packet switching and buffering for DWDM/DQPSK optical packets after transmission through 100 km-long field fiber. (Back-to-back data were measured at channels 16, 32 and 48.)

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Progress of NICT optical packet switches.

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