Abstract

Optical fiber-based in-building network solutions can outperform in the near future copper- and radio-based solutions both regarding performance and costs. POF solutions are maturing, and can already today be cheaper than Cat-5e solutions when ducts are shared with electricity power cabling. We compare the CapEx and OpEx of in-building networks for fiber and Cat-5E solutions. For residential homes, our analysis shows that total network costs during economic lifetime are lowest for a point-to-point duplex POF topology.

© 2011 OSA

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References

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  1. W. Rollins and A. Mallya, “Options for current & future POF home networks,” http://www.comoss.com/press/1000_Rollins_ATT.pdf (2010).
  2. F. Richard, Ph. Guignard, A. Pizzinat, L. Guillo, J. Guillory, B. Charbonnier, A. M. J. Koonen, E. Ortego Martinez, E. Tanguy, and H. W. Li, “Optical home network based on an NxN multimode fiber architecture and CWDM technology,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Los Angeles, paper JWA80 (2011).
  3. A. M. J. Koonen and D. Novak, (organisers), “Beyond the doorstep – can fiber also invade the home?” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, Workshop OMB (2010).
  4. P. Polishuk, “Plastic optical fibers branch out,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(9), 140–148 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Randel, F. Breyer, S. C. J. Lee, and J. W. Walewski, “Advanced modulation schemes for short-range optical communications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1280–1289 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. M. Okonkwo, E. Tangdiongga, H. Yang, D. Visani, S. Loquai, R. Kruglov, B. Charbonnier, M. Ouzzif, I. Greiss, O. Ziemann, R. Gaudino, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Recent Results from the EU POF-PLUS Project: Multi-Gigabit Transmission over 1 mm Core Diameter Plastic Optical Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(2), 186–193 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  7. E. Tangdiongga, C. M. Okonkwo, Y. Shi, D. Visani, H. Yang, H. P. A. van den Boom, and A. M. J. Koonen, “High-speed short-range transmission over POF,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., paper OWS5 (2011).
  8. A. M. J. Koonen, H. P. A. van den Boom, E. Tangdiongga, H.-D. Jung, and P. Guignard, “Designing in-building optical fiber networks,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, paper JThA46 (2010).
  9. B. Lannoo, K. Casier, M. Gheeraert, J. Van Ooteghem, S. Verbrugge, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Selecting the most suitable next-generation in-building network: from copper-based to optical solutions,” in Proc. 13th Internat. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, Stockholm, paper Tu.C5.5 (2011).
  10. A. M. J. Koonen, H. P. A. van den Boom, H. Yang, C. Okonkwo, Y. Shi, S. T. Abraha, E. Ortego Martinez, and E. Tangdiongga, “Converged in-building networks using POF – economics and advanced techniques,” in Proc. 19th Internat. Conf. on Plastic Optical Fibers, Yokohama (2010).
  11. European FP7 project ALPHA - Architectures for fLexible Photonic Home and Access networks, http://www.ict-alpha.eu/ .

2011

2010

S. Randel, F. Breyer, S. C. J. Lee, and J. W. Walewski, “Advanced modulation schemes for short-range optical communications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1280–1289 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2006

P. Polishuk, “Plastic optical fibers branch out,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(9), 140–148 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Breyer, F.

S. Randel, F. Breyer, S. C. J. Lee, and J. W. Walewski, “Advanced modulation schemes for short-range optical communications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1280–1289 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Charbonnier, B.

Gaudino, R.

Greiss, I.

Koonen, A. M. J.

Kruglov, R.

Lee, S. C. J.

S. Randel, F. Breyer, S. C. J. Lee, and J. W. Walewski, “Advanced modulation schemes for short-range optical communications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1280–1289 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Loquai, S.

Okonkwo, C. M.

Ouzzif, M.

Polishuk, P.

P. Polishuk, “Plastic optical fibers branch out,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(9), 140–148 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Randel, S.

S. Randel, F. Breyer, S. C. J. Lee, and J. W. Walewski, “Advanced modulation schemes for short-range optical communications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1280–1289 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tangdiongga, E.

Visani, D.

Walewski, J. W.

S. Randel, F. Breyer, S. C. J. Lee, and J. W. Walewski, “Advanced modulation schemes for short-range optical communications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1280–1289 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yang, H.

Ziemann, O.

IEEE Commun. Mag.

P. Polishuk, “Plastic optical fibers branch out,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(9), 140–148 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

S. Randel, F. Breyer, S. C. J. Lee, and J. W. Walewski, “Advanced modulation schemes for short-range optical communications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1280–1289 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Other

E. Tangdiongga, C. M. Okonkwo, Y. Shi, D. Visani, H. Yang, H. P. A. van den Boom, and A. M. J. Koonen, “High-speed short-range transmission over POF,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., paper OWS5 (2011).

A. M. J. Koonen, H. P. A. van den Boom, E. Tangdiongga, H.-D. Jung, and P. Guignard, “Designing in-building optical fiber networks,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, paper JThA46 (2010).

B. Lannoo, K. Casier, M. Gheeraert, J. Van Ooteghem, S. Verbrugge, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Selecting the most suitable next-generation in-building network: from copper-based to optical solutions,” in Proc. 13th Internat. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, Stockholm, paper Tu.C5.5 (2011).

A. M. J. Koonen, H. P. A. van den Boom, H. Yang, C. Okonkwo, Y. Shi, S. T. Abraha, E. Ortego Martinez, and E. Tangdiongga, “Converged in-building networks using POF – economics and advanced techniques,” in Proc. 19th Internat. Conf. on Plastic Optical Fibers, Yokohama (2010).

European FP7 project ALPHA - Architectures for fLexible Photonic Home and Access networks, http://www.ict-alpha.eu/ .

W. Rollins and A. Mallya, “Options for current & future POF home networks,” http://www.comoss.com/press/1000_Rollins_ATT.pdf (2010).

F. Richard, Ph. Guignard, A. Pizzinat, L. Guillo, J. Guillory, B. Charbonnier, A. M. J. Koonen, E. Ortego Martinez, E. Tanguy, and H. W. Li, “Optical home network based on an NxN multimode fiber architecture and CWDM technology,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., Los Angeles, paper JWA80 (2011).

A. M. J. Koonen and D. Novak, (organisers), “Beyond the doorstep – can fiber also invade the home?” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, Workshop OMB (2010).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

In-building network architectures.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Costs of installed ducts (actual values and approximate curves).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Residential home with M = 3 floors and N = 4 rooms/floor, H = 3.3m, L = 8m; for P2P architecture, with duct sharing for the fiber solutions.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Office building with M = 10 floors and N = 50 rooms/floor, H = 3.8m, L = 10m; for bus architecture, with duct sharing for the fiber solutions.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Evolution of NPV of total network costs (CapEx + OpEx) for a residential home, during its economic lifetime of 25 years, when installing the network with a P2P topology in year n (n = 1,2, …, 11).

Tables (4)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Costs and power consumption of network items

Tables Icon

Table 2 Installed duct costs per meter c(K) for a circular duct hosting K cables

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Table 3 Network design formulas

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Table 4 Breakdown of CapEx per installed network item

Metrics