Abstract

This paper introduces a novel ingress node design which takes advantage of video data partitioning in order to deliver enhanced video streaming quality when using H.264/AVC codec over optical burst switching networks. Ns2 simulations show that the proposed scheme delivers improved video traffic quality without affecting other traffic, such as best effort traffic. Although the extra network load is comparatively small, the average gain in video PSNR was 5 dB over existing burst cloning schemes, with a maximum end-to-end delay of 17 ms, and jitter of less than 0.35 ms.

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  1. B. Mukherjee, Optical Communications Networks (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1997).
  2. M. Duser and P. Bayvel, “Analysis of a dynamically wavelength-routed optical burst switched network architecture,” J. Lightwave Technol. 20(4), 574–585 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Chen, C. Qiao, and X. Yu, “Optical burst switching: a new area in optical networking research,” IEEE Netw. 18(3), 16–23 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. W. Liao and C.-H. Loi, “Providing service differentiation for optical-burst-switched networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(7), 1651–1660 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. Chua, M. G, Y. Liu, and M. Phung, “Relative quality of service differentiation,” in Quality of Service in Optical Burst Switched Networks, B. Mukherjee, ed. (Springer, New York, 2007).
  6. A. Belbekkouche, A. Hafid, M. Gendreau, and M. Tagmouti, “Path-based QoS provisioning for optical burst switching networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(13), 2048–2063 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  7. W.-S. Park, M. Shin, H.-W. Lee, and S. Chong, “A joint design of congestion control and burst contention resolution for optical burst switching networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(17), 3820–3830 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. Venkatesh, A. Sankar, A. Jayaraj, and C. Murthy, “A complete framework to support controlled burst retransmission in optical burst switching networks,” IEEE J. Sel Area Commun. 26(3), 65–73 (2008).
  9. M. Waheed, “Experimental evaluation of VBR transport over optical burst switching network,” in 2009 2nd IEEE International Conference on Computer Science and Information Technology (IEEE, 2009), pp. 623–627.
  10. W. Zhang, X. Hong, Y. Yin, H. Jiang, L. Liu, H. Guo, J. Wu, and J. Lin, “Experimental investigation of high definition video clips (HDVC) streaming over OBS Networks,” in 35th European Conference on Optical Communication, 2009. ECOC '09 ( 2009), pp. 1–2.
  11. D. Pevac, I. Petrovic, and R. Bojovic, “The possibility of application the optical wavelength division multiplexing network for streaming multimedia distribution,” in 2011 IEEE EUROCON—International Conference on Computer as a Tool (EUROCON), (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–4.
  12. F. Espina, M. Izal, D. Morató, and E. Magaña, “Performance analysis of OBS edge nodes for video streaming,” in ICCCN 2009. Proceedings of 18th Internatonal Conference on Computer Communications and Networks, 2009 (2009), pp. 1–6.
  13. M. Izal, F. Espina, D. Morató, and E. Magaña, “Ingress traffic classification versus aggregation in video over OBS networks,” in 2nd Workshop on Multilayer Networks (2010), pp. 47–52.
  14. S. Askar, G. Zervas, D. K. Hunter, and D. Simeonidou, “Classified cloning for QoS provisioning in OBS networks,” in 2010 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2010), pp. 1–3.
  15. S. K. Askar, G. S. Zervas, D. K. Hunter, and D. Simeonidou, “Adaptive classified cloning and aggregation technique for delay and loss sensitive applications in OBS networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OThR4.
  16. Cisco, “Cisco Visual Networking Index: Forecast and Methodology, 2010-2015” (2011), http://www.cisco.com/en/US/solutions/collateral/ns341/ns525/ns537/ns705/ns827/white_paper_c11-481360_ns827_Networking_Solutions_White_Paper.html .
  17. JVT Reference Software Version JM16 1; see http://iphome.hhi.de/suehring/tml/ .
  18. J. Klaue, B. R. Rathke, and A. Wolisz, “EvalVid—a framework for video transmission and quality evaluation,” in Computer Performance Evaluation. Modelling Techniques and Tools, Vol. 2794/2003 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Springer, 2003.), pp. 255–272.
  19. X. Huang, V. M. Vokkarane, and J. P. Jue, “Burst cloning: a proactive scheme to reduce data loss in optical burst-switched networks,” in 2005 IEEE International Conference on Communications, 2005. ICC 2005, (IEEE, (2005), Vol. 3, pp. 1673–1677.

2011 (1)

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

T. Venkatesh, A. Sankar, A. Jayaraj, and C. Murthy, “A complete framework to support controlled burst retransmission in optical burst switching networks,” IEEE J. Sel Area Commun. 26(3), 65–73 (2008).

2004 (2)

Y. Chen, C. Qiao, and X. Yu, “Optical burst switching: a new area in optical networking research,” IEEE Netw. 18(3), 16–23 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. Liao and C.-H. Loi, “Providing service differentiation for optical-burst-switched networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(7), 1651–1660 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

Bayvel, P.

Belbekkouche, A.

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, C. Qiao, and X. Yu, “Optical burst switching: a new area in optical networking research,” IEEE Netw. 18(3), 16–23 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chong, S.

Duser, M.

Gendreau, M.

Hafid, A.

Jayaraj, A.

T. Venkatesh, A. Sankar, A. Jayaraj, and C. Murthy, “A complete framework to support controlled burst retransmission in optical burst switching networks,” IEEE J. Sel Area Commun. 26(3), 65–73 (2008).

Lee, H.-W.

Liao, W.

Loi, C.-H.

Murthy, C.

T. Venkatesh, A. Sankar, A. Jayaraj, and C. Murthy, “A complete framework to support controlled burst retransmission in optical burst switching networks,” IEEE J. Sel Area Commun. 26(3), 65–73 (2008).

Park, W.-S.

Qiao, C.

Y. Chen, C. Qiao, and X. Yu, “Optical burst switching: a new area in optical networking research,” IEEE Netw. 18(3), 16–23 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sankar, A.

T. Venkatesh, A. Sankar, A. Jayaraj, and C. Murthy, “A complete framework to support controlled burst retransmission in optical burst switching networks,” IEEE J. Sel Area Commun. 26(3), 65–73 (2008).

Shin, M.

Tagmouti, M.

Venkatesh, T.

T. Venkatesh, A. Sankar, A. Jayaraj, and C. Murthy, “A complete framework to support controlled burst retransmission in optical burst switching networks,” IEEE J. Sel Area Commun. 26(3), 65–73 (2008).

Yu, X.

Y. Chen, C. Qiao, and X. Yu, “Optical burst switching: a new area in optical networking research,” IEEE Netw. 18(3), 16–23 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel Area Commun. (1)

T. Venkatesh, A. Sankar, A. Jayaraj, and C. Murthy, “A complete framework to support controlled burst retransmission in optical burst switching networks,” IEEE J. Sel Area Commun. 26(3), 65–73 (2008).

IEEE Netw. (1)

Y. Chen, C. Qiao, and X. Yu, “Optical burst switching: a new area in optical networking research,” IEEE Netw. 18(3), 16–23 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

Other (13)

K. Chua, M. G, Y. Liu, and M. Phung, “Relative quality of service differentiation,” in Quality of Service in Optical Burst Switched Networks, B. Mukherjee, ed. (Springer, New York, 2007).

M. Waheed, “Experimental evaluation of VBR transport over optical burst switching network,” in 2009 2nd IEEE International Conference on Computer Science and Information Technology (IEEE, 2009), pp. 623–627.

W. Zhang, X. Hong, Y. Yin, H. Jiang, L. Liu, H. Guo, J. Wu, and J. Lin, “Experimental investigation of high definition video clips (HDVC) streaming over OBS Networks,” in 35th European Conference on Optical Communication, 2009. ECOC '09 ( 2009), pp. 1–2.

D. Pevac, I. Petrovic, and R. Bojovic, “The possibility of application the optical wavelength division multiplexing network for streaming multimedia distribution,” in 2011 IEEE EUROCON—International Conference on Computer as a Tool (EUROCON), (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–4.

F. Espina, M. Izal, D. Morató, and E. Magaña, “Performance analysis of OBS edge nodes for video streaming,” in ICCCN 2009. Proceedings of 18th Internatonal Conference on Computer Communications and Networks, 2009 (2009), pp. 1–6.

M. Izal, F. Espina, D. Morató, and E. Magaña, “Ingress traffic classification versus aggregation in video over OBS networks,” in 2nd Workshop on Multilayer Networks (2010), pp. 47–52.

S. Askar, G. Zervas, D. K. Hunter, and D. Simeonidou, “Classified cloning for QoS provisioning in OBS networks,” in 2010 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2010), pp. 1–3.

S. K. Askar, G. S. Zervas, D. K. Hunter, and D. Simeonidou, “Adaptive classified cloning and aggregation technique for delay and loss sensitive applications in OBS networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OThR4.

Cisco, “Cisco Visual Networking Index: Forecast and Methodology, 2010-2015” (2011), http://www.cisco.com/en/US/solutions/collateral/ns341/ns525/ns537/ns705/ns827/white_paper_c11-481360_ns827_Networking_Solutions_White_Paper.html .

JVT Reference Software Version JM16 1; see http://iphome.hhi.de/suehring/tml/ .

J. Klaue, B. R. Rathke, and A. Wolisz, “EvalVid—a framework for video transmission and quality evaluation,” in Computer Performance Evaluation. Modelling Techniques and Tools, Vol. 2794/2003 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Springer, 2003.), pp. 255–272.

X. Huang, V. M. Vokkarane, and J. P. Jue, “Burst cloning: a proactive scheme to reduce data loss in optical burst-switched networks,” in 2005 IEEE International Conference on Communications, 2005. ICC 2005, (IEEE, (2005), Vol. 3, pp. 1673–1677.

B. Mukherjee, Optical Communications Networks (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1997).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

ES ingress node

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) 14-node NSF network topology (b) Extra load added due to applying different schemes

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Video quality, regular streaming versus worst-case ES scheme video streaming for (a) Akiyo (b) Stefan (c) Mobile video sequences

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Video quality comparison of (a) Akiyo, (b) Stefan, (c) Mobile video sequences in three scenarios; 10%, 30%, and 50% video rates ES streaming

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Video loss rate comparison; regular streaming, 30% ES, and 50% ES streaming for three different video sequences (a) Akiyo (b) Stefan (c) Mobile

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Average End to End Delay and (b) Average Jitter

Metrics