Abstract

We report the design and fabrication of a hybrid-integration-type coherent receiver. We optimize the receiver building blocks, and achieve a −25-dB common-mode rejection ratio and a 20-dB signal input power dynamic range.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. H. Takeuchi, K. Kasaya, Y. Kondo, H. Yasaka, K. Oe, and Y. Imamura, “Monolithic integrated coherent receiver on InP substrate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1(11), 398–400 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Chandrasekhar, B. Glance, A. G. Dentai, C. H. Joyner, G. J. Qua, and J. W. Sulhoff, “Monolithic balanced p-i-n/HBT photoreceiver for coherent optical heterodyne communications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3(6), 537–539 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. R. Doerr, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, M. Rasras, M. P. Earnshaw, J. S. Weiner, D. M. Gill, and Y.-K. Chen, “Monolithic silicon coherent receiver,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC 2009, PDPB2 (2009).
  4. C. R. Doerr, L. Zhang, and P. J. Winzer, “Monolithic InP multi-wavelength coherent receiver,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC 2010, PDPB1 (2010).
  5. A. Beling, N. Ebel, A. Matiss, G. Unterbörsch, M. Nölle, J. K. Fischer, J. Hilt, L. Molle, C. Schubert, F. Verluise, and L. Fulop, “Fully-integrated polarization-diversity coherent receiver module for 100G DP-QPSK,” in Proc. OSA/OFC/NFOEC 2011, OML5 (2011).
  6. T. Ohyama, I. Ogawa, H. Tanobe, R. Kasahara, S. Tsunashima, T. Yoshimatsu, H. Fukuyama, T. Itoh, Y. Sakamaki, Y. Muramoto, H. Kawakami, M. Ishikawa, S. Mino, and K. Murata, “All-in-one 100-Gbit/s DP-QPSK coherent receiver using novel PLC-based integration structure with low-loss and wide-tolerance multi-channel optical coupling,” in Proc. OECC 2010, PDP PD6 (2010).
  7. K. Murata, T. Saida, K. Sano, I. Ogawa, H. Fukuyama, R. Kasahara, Y. Muramoto, H. Nosaka, S. Tsunashima, T. Mizuno, H. Tanobe, K. Hattori, T. Yoshimatsu, H. Kawakami, and E. Yoshida, “100-Gbit/s PDM-QPSK coherent receiver with wide dynamic range and excellent common-mode rejection ratio,” in Proc. ECOC 2011, Tu.3.1 (2011).
  8. Y. Nasu, T. Mizuno, R. Kasahara, and T. Saida, “Temperature insensitive and ultra wideband silica-based dual polarization optical hybrid for coherent receiver with highly symmetrical interferometer design,” in Proc. ECOC 2011, Tu.3.4 (2011).
  9. T. Yoshimatsu, Y. Muramoto, S. Kodama, T. Furuta, N. Shigekawa, H. Yokoyama, and T. Ishibashi, “Suppression of space charge effect in MIC-PD using composite field structure,” Electron. Lett. 46(13), 941–943 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Muramoto and T. Ishibashi, “InP/InGaAs pin photodiode structure maximising bandwidth and efficiency,” Electron. Lett. 39(24), 1749–1750 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. K. Fukai, K. Kurishima, M. Ida, S. Yamahata, and T. Enoki, “Highly reliable InP-based HBTs with a ledge structure operating at a current density over 2mA/μm2”, in Proc. IPRM 2005, 339–342 (2005).

2010 (1)

T. Yoshimatsu, Y. Muramoto, S. Kodama, T. Furuta, N. Shigekawa, H. Yokoyama, and T. Ishibashi, “Suppression of space charge effect in MIC-PD using composite field structure,” Electron. Lett. 46(13), 941–943 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

Y. Muramoto and T. Ishibashi, “InP/InGaAs pin photodiode structure maximising bandwidth and efficiency,” Electron. Lett. 39(24), 1749–1750 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

S. Chandrasekhar, B. Glance, A. G. Dentai, C. H. Joyner, G. J. Qua, and J. W. Sulhoff, “Monolithic balanced p-i-n/HBT photoreceiver for coherent optical heterodyne communications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3(6), 537–539 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

H. Takeuchi, K. Kasaya, Y. Kondo, H. Yasaka, K. Oe, and Y. Imamura, “Monolithic integrated coherent receiver on InP substrate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1(11), 398–400 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Chandrasekhar, S.

S. Chandrasekhar, B. Glance, A. G. Dentai, C. H. Joyner, G. J. Qua, and J. W. Sulhoff, “Monolithic balanced p-i-n/HBT photoreceiver for coherent optical heterodyne communications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3(6), 537–539 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Dentai, A. G.

S. Chandrasekhar, B. Glance, A. G. Dentai, C. H. Joyner, G. J. Qua, and J. W. Sulhoff, “Monolithic balanced p-i-n/HBT photoreceiver for coherent optical heterodyne communications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3(6), 537–539 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Furuta, T.

T. Yoshimatsu, Y. Muramoto, S. Kodama, T. Furuta, N. Shigekawa, H. Yokoyama, and T. Ishibashi, “Suppression of space charge effect in MIC-PD using composite field structure,” Electron. Lett. 46(13), 941–943 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Glance, B.

S. Chandrasekhar, B. Glance, A. G. Dentai, C. H. Joyner, G. J. Qua, and J. W. Sulhoff, “Monolithic balanced p-i-n/HBT photoreceiver for coherent optical heterodyne communications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3(6), 537–539 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Imamura, Y.

H. Takeuchi, K. Kasaya, Y. Kondo, H. Yasaka, K. Oe, and Y. Imamura, “Monolithic integrated coherent receiver on InP substrate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1(11), 398–400 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ishibashi, T.

T. Yoshimatsu, Y. Muramoto, S. Kodama, T. Furuta, N. Shigekawa, H. Yokoyama, and T. Ishibashi, “Suppression of space charge effect in MIC-PD using composite field structure,” Electron. Lett. 46(13), 941–943 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Muramoto and T. Ishibashi, “InP/InGaAs pin photodiode structure maximising bandwidth and efficiency,” Electron. Lett. 39(24), 1749–1750 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Joyner, C. H.

S. Chandrasekhar, B. Glance, A. G. Dentai, C. H. Joyner, G. J. Qua, and J. W. Sulhoff, “Monolithic balanced p-i-n/HBT photoreceiver for coherent optical heterodyne communications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3(6), 537–539 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kasaya, K.

H. Takeuchi, K. Kasaya, Y. Kondo, H. Yasaka, K. Oe, and Y. Imamura, “Monolithic integrated coherent receiver on InP substrate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1(11), 398–400 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kodama, S.

T. Yoshimatsu, Y. Muramoto, S. Kodama, T. Furuta, N. Shigekawa, H. Yokoyama, and T. Ishibashi, “Suppression of space charge effect in MIC-PD using composite field structure,” Electron. Lett. 46(13), 941–943 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kondo, Y.

H. Takeuchi, K. Kasaya, Y. Kondo, H. Yasaka, K. Oe, and Y. Imamura, “Monolithic integrated coherent receiver on InP substrate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1(11), 398–400 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Muramoto, Y.

T. Yoshimatsu, Y. Muramoto, S. Kodama, T. Furuta, N. Shigekawa, H. Yokoyama, and T. Ishibashi, “Suppression of space charge effect in MIC-PD using composite field structure,” Electron. Lett. 46(13), 941–943 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Muramoto and T. Ishibashi, “InP/InGaAs pin photodiode structure maximising bandwidth and efficiency,” Electron. Lett. 39(24), 1749–1750 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Oe, K.

H. Takeuchi, K. Kasaya, Y. Kondo, H. Yasaka, K. Oe, and Y. Imamura, “Monolithic integrated coherent receiver on InP substrate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1(11), 398–400 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Qua, G. J.

S. Chandrasekhar, B. Glance, A. G. Dentai, C. H. Joyner, G. J. Qua, and J. W. Sulhoff, “Monolithic balanced p-i-n/HBT photoreceiver for coherent optical heterodyne communications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3(6), 537–539 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Shigekawa, N.

T. Yoshimatsu, Y. Muramoto, S. Kodama, T. Furuta, N. Shigekawa, H. Yokoyama, and T. Ishibashi, “Suppression of space charge effect in MIC-PD using composite field structure,” Electron. Lett. 46(13), 941–943 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sulhoff, J. W.

S. Chandrasekhar, B. Glance, A. G. Dentai, C. H. Joyner, G. J. Qua, and J. W. Sulhoff, “Monolithic balanced p-i-n/HBT photoreceiver for coherent optical heterodyne communications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3(6), 537–539 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Takeuchi, H.

H. Takeuchi, K. Kasaya, Y. Kondo, H. Yasaka, K. Oe, and Y. Imamura, “Monolithic integrated coherent receiver on InP substrate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1(11), 398–400 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Yasaka, H.

H. Takeuchi, K. Kasaya, Y. Kondo, H. Yasaka, K. Oe, and Y. Imamura, “Monolithic integrated coherent receiver on InP substrate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1(11), 398–400 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Yokoyama, H.

T. Yoshimatsu, Y. Muramoto, S. Kodama, T. Furuta, N. Shigekawa, H. Yokoyama, and T. Ishibashi, “Suppression of space charge effect in MIC-PD using composite field structure,” Electron. Lett. 46(13), 941–943 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yoshimatsu, T.

T. Yoshimatsu, Y. Muramoto, S. Kodama, T. Furuta, N. Shigekawa, H. Yokoyama, and T. Ishibashi, “Suppression of space charge effect in MIC-PD using composite field structure,” Electron. Lett. 46(13), 941–943 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

T. Yoshimatsu, Y. Muramoto, S. Kodama, T. Furuta, N. Shigekawa, H. Yokoyama, and T. Ishibashi, “Suppression of space charge effect in MIC-PD using composite field structure,” Electron. Lett. 46(13), 941–943 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Muramoto and T. Ishibashi, “InP/InGaAs pin photodiode structure maximising bandwidth and efficiency,” Electron. Lett. 39(24), 1749–1750 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

H. Takeuchi, K. Kasaya, Y. Kondo, H. Yasaka, K. Oe, and Y. Imamura, “Monolithic integrated coherent receiver on InP substrate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1(11), 398–400 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. Chandrasekhar, B. Glance, A. G. Dentai, C. H. Joyner, G. J. Qua, and J. W. Sulhoff, “Monolithic balanced p-i-n/HBT photoreceiver for coherent optical heterodyne communications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3(6), 537–539 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Other (7)

C. R. Doerr, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, M. Rasras, M. P. Earnshaw, J. S. Weiner, D. M. Gill, and Y.-K. Chen, “Monolithic silicon coherent receiver,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC 2009, PDPB2 (2009).

C. R. Doerr, L. Zhang, and P. J. Winzer, “Monolithic InP multi-wavelength coherent receiver,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC 2010, PDPB1 (2010).

A. Beling, N. Ebel, A. Matiss, G. Unterbörsch, M. Nölle, J. K. Fischer, J. Hilt, L. Molle, C. Schubert, F. Verluise, and L. Fulop, “Fully-integrated polarization-diversity coherent receiver module for 100G DP-QPSK,” in Proc. OSA/OFC/NFOEC 2011, OML5 (2011).

T. Ohyama, I. Ogawa, H. Tanobe, R. Kasahara, S. Tsunashima, T. Yoshimatsu, H. Fukuyama, T. Itoh, Y. Sakamaki, Y. Muramoto, H. Kawakami, M. Ishikawa, S. Mino, and K. Murata, “All-in-one 100-Gbit/s DP-QPSK coherent receiver using novel PLC-based integration structure with low-loss and wide-tolerance multi-channel optical coupling,” in Proc. OECC 2010, PDP PD6 (2010).

K. Murata, T. Saida, K. Sano, I. Ogawa, H. Fukuyama, R. Kasahara, Y. Muramoto, H. Nosaka, S. Tsunashima, T. Mizuno, H. Tanobe, K. Hattori, T. Yoshimatsu, H. Kawakami, and E. Yoshida, “100-Gbit/s PDM-QPSK coherent receiver with wide dynamic range and excellent common-mode rejection ratio,” in Proc. ECOC 2011, Tu.3.1 (2011).

Y. Nasu, T. Mizuno, R. Kasahara, and T. Saida, “Temperature insensitive and ultra wideband silica-based dual polarization optical hybrid for coherent receiver with highly symmetrical interferometer design,” in Proc. ECOC 2011, Tu.3.4 (2011).

Y. K. Fukai, K. Kurishima, M. Ida, S. Yamahata, and T. Enoki, “Highly reliable InP-based HBTs with a ledge structure operating at a current density over 2mA/μm2”, in Proc. IPRM 2005, 339–342 (2005).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic configuration of integrated type coherent receiver.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Layout of PLC chip for coherent receiver.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

3-dB bandwidth of MIC-PDs.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

TIA circuit diagram for one channel.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured effective responsivities for X- polarization input at signal port.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

CMRR spectrum of coherent receiver.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Measured Q-value. (a) Experimental setup, (b) OSNR dependent Q-value, (c) Q-value as a function of signal input power.

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