Abstract

We observed that increasing the clusters size and laser pulse contrast can enhance the X-ray flux emitted by femtosecond-laser-driven-cluster plasma. By focusing a high contrast laser (10−10) on large argon clusters, high flux Kα-like X-rays (around 2.96 keV) is generated with a total flux of 2.5 × 1011 photons/J in 4π and a conversion efficiency of 1.2 × 10−4. In the case of large Kr clusters, the best total flux for L-shell X-rays is 5.3 × 1011 photons/J with a conversion efficiency of 1.3 × 10−4 and, for the Kα X-ray (12.7 keV), it is 8 × 108 photons/J with a conversion efficiency of 1.6 × 10−6. Using this X-ray source, a single-shot high-performance X-ray imaging is demonstrated.

© 2011 OSA

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2011 (3)

Y. Hayashi, A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, Y. Fukuda, A. Faenov, K. Kawase, T. Pikuz, T. Nakamura, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, and S. V. Bulanov, “Efficient generation of Xe K-shell x rays by high-contrast interaction with submicrometer clusters,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1614–1616 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ya. Faenov, I. Yu. Skobelev, T. A. Pikuz, V. E. Fortov, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, L. M. Chen, L. Zhang, W. C. Yan, D. W. Yuan, J. Y. Mao, Z. H. Wang, J. Colgan, and J. Abdallah, Jr., “Diagnostics of the early stage of the heating of clusters by a femtosecond laser pulse from the spectra of hollow ions,” JETP Lett. 94(3), 171–176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Colgan, J. Abdallah, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, Y. Fukuda, Y. Hayashi, A. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Shimomura, H. Kiriyama, Y. Kato, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Observation and modeling of high resolution spectral features of the inner-shell X-ray emission produced by 10-10 contrast femtosecond-pulse laser irradiation of argon clusters,” High Energy Density Phys. 7(2), 77–83 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (4)

C. Liu, Z. Wang, W. Li, Q. Zhang, H. Han, H. Teng, and Z. Wei, “Contrast enhancement in a Ti:sapphire chirped-pulse amplification laser system with a noncollinear femtosecond optical-parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 35(18), 3096–3098 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Hayashi, Y. Fukuda, A. Y. Faenov, M. Kando, K. Kawase, T. A. Pikuz, T. Homma, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Intense and reproducible Kα emissions from micron-sized Kr cluster target irradiated with intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(12), 126401 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Chen, F. Liu, W. M. Wang, M. Kando, J. Y. Mao, L. Zhang, J. L. Ma, Y. T. Li, S. V. Bulanov, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, Z. M. Sheng, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Intense high-contrast femtosecond K-shell x-ray source from laser-driven Ar clusters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(21), 215004 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, T. Homma, K. Kawase, I. Skobelev, S. Gasilov, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, and S. Bulanov, “Metrology of wide field of view nano-thickness foils’ homogeneity by conventional and phase contrast soft X-ray Imaging,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(6), 06GK03 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

2008 (3)

Y. Fukuda, A. Y. Faenov, T. Pikuz, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, I. Daito, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Homma, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft X-ray source for nanostructure imaging using femtosecond-laser-irradiated clusters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(12), 121110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. L. Kugland, C. G. Constantin, P. Neumayer, H.-K. Chung, A. Collette, E. L. Dewald, D. H. Froula, S. H. Glenzer, A. Kemp, A. L. Kritcher, J. S. Ross, and C. Niemann, “High Kα X-ray conversion efficiency from extended source gas jet targets irradiated by ultra short laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 241504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. L. Kugland, P. Neumayer, T. Döppner, H.-K. Chung, C. G. Constantin, F. Girard, S. H. Glenzer, A. Kemp, and C. Niemann, “High contrast Kr gas jet Kα x-ray source for high energy density physics experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79(10), 10E917 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (6)

H. A. Sumeruk, S. Kneip, D. R. Symes, I. V. Churina, A. V. Belolipetski, T. D. Donnelly, and T. Ditmire, “Control of strong-laser-field coupling to electrons in solid targets with wavelength-scale spheres,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(4), 045001 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Palchan, S. Pecker, Z. Henis, S. Eisenmann, and A. Zigler, “Efficient coupling of high intensity short laser pulses into snow clusters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(4), 041501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Calegari, G. Valentini, C. Vozzi, E. Benedetti, J. Cabanillas-Gonzalez, A. Faenov, S. Gasilov, T. Pikuz, L. Poletto, G. Sansone, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Elemental sensitivity in soft x-ray imaging with a laser-plasma source and a color center detector,” Opt. Lett. 32(17), 2593–2595 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. M. Chen, M. Kando, J. Ma, H. Kotaki, Y. Fukuda, Y. Hayashi, I. Daito, T. Homma, K. Ogura, M. Mori, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. Koga, H. Daido, S. V. Bulanov, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, and Y. Kato, “Phase-contrast X-ray imaging with intense Ar Kα radiation from femtosecond-laser-driven gas target,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(21), 211501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Laperle, P. Wintermeyer, J. R. Wands, D. Shi, N. Anastasio, X. Li, B. Ahr, G. J. Diebold, and C. Rose-Petruck, “Propagation based differential phase contrast imaging and tomography of murine tissue with a laser plasma X-ray source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 173901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Toth, S. Fourmaux, T. Ozaki, M. Servol, J. C. Kieffer, R. E. Kincaid, and A. Krol, “Evaluation of ultrafast laser-based hard X-ray sources for phase-contrast imaging,” Phys. Plasmas 14(5), 053506 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

F. Calegari, S. Stagira, C. D’Andrea, G. Valentini, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, A. Faenov, and T. Pikuz, “Table-top soft X-ray imaging of nanometric films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(11), 111122 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Sherrill, J. Abdallah, G. Csanak, E. S. Dodd, Y. Fukuda, Y. Akahane, M. Aoyama, N. Inoue, H. Ueda, K. Yamakawa, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Spectroscopic characterization of an ultrashort-pulse-laser-driven Ar cluster target incorporating both Boltzmann and particle-in-cell models,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 73(6), 066404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, A. Ya. Faenov, Y. Fukuda, and K. Yamada, “Gas-cluster targets for femtosecond laser interaction: modeling and optimization,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77(8), 083112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, and A. Ya. Faenov, “On the generation of large clusters in forming gas-Jet targets for lasers,” Tech. Phys. 49(4), 388–395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Nishikawa, S. Suzuki, Y. Watanabe, O. Zhou, and H. Nakano, “Efficient water-window X-ray pulse generation from femtosecond-laser-produced plasma by using a carbon nanotube target,” Appl. Phys. B 78(7-8), 885–890 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

F. Dorchies, F. Blasco, T. Caillaud, J. Stevefelt, C. Stenz, A. S. Boldarev, and V. A. Gasilov, “Spatial distribution of cluster size and density in supersonic jets as targets for intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 68(2), 023201 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, and C. Stenz, “Experimental and numerical studies of structure of cluster targets for femtosecond laser pulses,” Proc. SPIE 5228, 446–454 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (4)

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, P. Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “On the interaction of femtosecond laser pulses with cluster targets,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(1), 73–83 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Evidence of supercritical density in 45-fs-laser-irradiated Ar-cluster plasmas,” Phys. Rev. A 66(3), 033204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, T. Auguste, P. D’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, S. Dobosz, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. S. Boldarev, and V. A. Gasilov, “Spatially resolved x-ray spectroscopy investigation of femtosecond laser irradiated Ar clusters,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 65(33 Pt 2B), 036410 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, S. Dobosz, P. d’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Baidin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “X-ray spectroscopy diagnostic of a plasma produced by femtosecond laser pulses irradiating a cluster target,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(5), 966–976 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (4)

J. Abdallah, A. Ya. Faenov, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. I. Magnunov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Auguste, P. D’Oliveira, S. Hulin, and P. Monot, “Hot-electron influence on the X-ray emission spectra of Ar clusters heated by a high-intensity 60-fs laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 63(3), 032706 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, F. Blasco, C. Stenz, F. Salin, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Observation of H-like ions within argon clusters irradiated by 35-fs laser via high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 64(2), 021201 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, F. Salin, C. Stenz, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Badin, G. C. Junkel-Vives, and J. Abdallah., “Influence of ultrashort laser pulse duration on the X-ray emission spectrum of plasma produced in cluster target,” JETP Lett. 74(7), 375–379 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, F. Blasco, C. Stenz, F. Dorchies, F. Salin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, A. I. Magunov, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Modeling cluster jets as targets for high-power ultrashort laser pulses,” JETP Lett. 73(10), 514–518 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

T. Auguste, P. D’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, J. Abdallah, A. Ya. Faenov, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. I. Magunov, and T. A. Pikuz, “The role of the prepulse in cluster heating by a high-power femtosecond laser pulse,” JETP Lett. 72(2), 38–41 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

S. Dobosz, M. Schmidt, M. Pedrix, P. Meynadier, O. Gobert, D. Normand, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, and N. E. Andreev, “Characteristic features of the X-ray spectra of a plasma produced by heating CO2 clusters by intense femtosecond laser pulses with λ=0.8 and 0.4µm,” JETP Lett. 68(6), 485–491 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

T. Ditmire, T. Donnelly, A. M. Rubenchik, R. W. Falcone, and M. D. Perry, “Interaction of intense laser pulses with atomic clusters,” Phys. Rev. A 53(5), 3379–3402 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

O. F. Hagena, “Cluser ion sources (invited),” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63(4), 2374 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56(3), 219–221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Abdallach, J.

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, S. Dobosz, P. d’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Baidin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “X-ray spectroscopy diagnostic of a plasma produced by femtosecond laser pulses irradiating a cluster target,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(5), 966–976 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, P. Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “On the interaction of femtosecond laser pulses with cluster targets,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(1), 73–83 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Abdallah, J.

J. Colgan, J. Abdallah, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, Y. Fukuda, Y. Hayashi, A. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Shimomura, H. Kiriyama, Y. Kato, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Observation and modeling of high resolution spectral features of the inner-shell X-ray emission produced by 10-10 contrast femtosecond-pulse laser irradiation of argon clusters,” High Energy Density Phys. 7(2), 77–83 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Ya. Faenov, I. Yu. Skobelev, T. A. Pikuz, V. E. Fortov, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, L. M. Chen, L. Zhang, W. C. Yan, D. W. Yuan, J. Y. Mao, Z. H. Wang, J. Colgan, and J. Abdallah, Jr., “Diagnostics of the early stage of the heating of clusters by a femtosecond laser pulse from the spectra of hollow ions,” JETP Lett. 94(3), 171–176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Sherrill, J. Abdallah, G. Csanak, E. S. Dodd, Y. Fukuda, Y. Akahane, M. Aoyama, N. Inoue, H. Ueda, K. Yamakawa, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Spectroscopic characterization of an ultrashort-pulse-laser-driven Ar cluster target incorporating both Boltzmann and particle-in-cell models,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 73(6), 066404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, T. Auguste, P. D’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, S. Dobosz, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. S. Boldarev, and V. A. Gasilov, “Spatially resolved x-ray spectroscopy investigation of femtosecond laser irradiated Ar clusters,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 65(33 Pt 2B), 036410 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Evidence of supercritical density in 45-fs-laser-irradiated Ar-cluster plasmas,” Phys. Rev. A 66(3), 033204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, F. Salin, C. Stenz, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Badin, G. C. Junkel-Vives, and J. Abdallah., “Influence of ultrashort laser pulse duration on the X-ray emission spectrum of plasma produced in cluster target,” JETP Lett. 74(7), 375–379 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Abdallah, A. Ya. Faenov, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. I. Magnunov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Auguste, P. D’Oliveira, S. Hulin, and P. Monot, “Hot-electron influence on the X-ray emission spectra of Ar clusters heated by a high-intensity 60-fs laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 63(3), 032706 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, F. Blasco, C. Stenz, F. Salin, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Observation of H-like ions within argon clusters irradiated by 35-fs laser via high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 64(2), 021201 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Auguste, P. D’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, J. Abdallah, A. Ya. Faenov, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. I. Magunov, and T. A. Pikuz, “The role of the prepulse in cluster heating by a high-power femtosecond laser pulse,” JETP Lett. 72(2), 38–41 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ahr, B.

C. M. Laperle, P. Wintermeyer, J. R. Wands, D. Shi, N. Anastasio, X. Li, B. Ahr, G. J. Diebold, and C. Rose-Petruck, “Propagation based differential phase contrast imaging and tomography of murine tissue with a laser plasma X-ray source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 173901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Akahane, Y.

M. E. Sherrill, J. Abdallah, G. Csanak, E. S. Dodd, Y. Fukuda, Y. Akahane, M. Aoyama, N. Inoue, H. Ueda, K. Yamakawa, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Spectroscopic characterization of an ultrashort-pulse-laser-driven Ar cluster target incorporating both Boltzmann and particle-in-cell models,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 73(6), 066404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anastasio, N.

C. M. Laperle, P. Wintermeyer, J. R. Wands, D. Shi, N. Anastasio, X. Li, B. Ahr, G. J. Diebold, and C. Rose-Petruck, “Propagation based differential phase contrast imaging and tomography of murine tissue with a laser plasma X-ray source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 173901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Andreev, N. E.

S. Dobosz, M. Schmidt, M. Pedrix, P. Meynadier, O. Gobert, D. Normand, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, and N. E. Andreev, “Characteristic features of the X-ray spectra of a plasma produced by heating CO2 clusters by intense femtosecond laser pulses with λ=0.8 and 0.4µm,” JETP Lett. 68(6), 485–491 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Aoyama, M.

M. E. Sherrill, J. Abdallah, G. Csanak, E. S. Dodd, Y. Fukuda, Y. Akahane, M. Aoyama, N. Inoue, H. Ueda, K. Yamakawa, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Spectroscopic characterization of an ultrashort-pulse-laser-driven Ar cluster target incorporating both Boltzmann and particle-in-cell models,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 73(6), 066404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Auguste, T.

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, P. Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “On the interaction of femtosecond laser pulses with cluster targets,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(1), 73–83 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, T. Auguste, P. D’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, S. Dobosz, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. S. Boldarev, and V. A. Gasilov, “Spatially resolved x-ray spectroscopy investigation of femtosecond laser irradiated Ar clusters,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 65(33 Pt 2B), 036410 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, S. Dobosz, P. d’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Baidin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “X-ray spectroscopy diagnostic of a plasma produced by femtosecond laser pulses irradiating a cluster target,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(5), 966–976 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Abdallah, A. Ya. Faenov, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. I. Magnunov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Auguste, P. D’Oliveira, S. Hulin, and P. Monot, “Hot-electron influence on the X-ray emission spectra of Ar clusters heated by a high-intensity 60-fs laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 63(3), 032706 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Auguste, P. D’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, J. Abdallah, A. Ya. Faenov, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. I. Magunov, and T. A. Pikuz, “The role of the prepulse in cluster heating by a high-power femtosecond laser pulse,” JETP Lett. 72(2), 38–41 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Badin, G. V.

A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, F. Salin, C. Stenz, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Badin, G. C. Junkel-Vives, and J. Abdallah., “Influence of ultrashort laser pulse duration on the X-ray emission spectrum of plasma produced in cluster target,” JETP Lett. 74(7), 375–379 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Baidin, G. V.

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, S. Dobosz, P. d’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Baidin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “X-ray spectroscopy diagnostic of a plasma produced by femtosecond laser pulses irradiating a cluster target,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(5), 966–976 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Belolipetski, A. V.

H. A. Sumeruk, S. Kneip, D. R. Symes, I. V. Churina, A. V. Belolipetski, T. D. Donnelly, and T. Ditmire, “Control of strong-laser-field coupling to electrons in solid targets with wavelength-scale spheres,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(4), 045001 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benedetti, E.

Blasco, F.

F. Dorchies, F. Blasco, T. Caillaud, J. Stevefelt, C. Stenz, A. S. Boldarev, and V. A. Gasilov, “Spatial distribution of cluster size and density in supersonic jets as targets for intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 68(2), 023201 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, and C. Stenz, “Experimental and numerical studies of structure of cluster targets for femtosecond laser pulses,” Proc. SPIE 5228, 446–454 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, P. Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “On the interaction of femtosecond laser pulses with cluster targets,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(1), 73–83 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, S. Dobosz, P. d’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Baidin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “X-ray spectroscopy diagnostic of a plasma produced by femtosecond laser pulses irradiating a cluster target,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(5), 966–976 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Evidence of supercritical density in 45-fs-laser-irradiated Ar-cluster plasmas,” Phys. Rev. A 66(3), 033204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, F. Blasco, C. Stenz, F. Salin, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Observation of H-like ions within argon clusters irradiated by 35-fs laser via high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 64(2), 021201 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, F. Salin, C. Stenz, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Badin, G. C. Junkel-Vives, and J. Abdallah., “Influence of ultrashort laser pulse duration on the X-ray emission spectrum of plasma produced in cluster target,” JETP Lett. 74(7), 375–379 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, F. Blasco, C. Stenz, F. Dorchies, F. Salin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, A. I. Magunov, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Modeling cluster jets as targets for high-power ultrashort laser pulses,” JETP Lett. 73(10), 514–518 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Boldarev, A.

A. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, and C. Stenz, “Experimental and numerical studies of structure of cluster targets for femtosecond laser pulses,” Proc. SPIE 5228, 446–454 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Boldarev, A. S.

A. Ya. Faenov, I. Yu. Skobelev, T. A. Pikuz, V. E. Fortov, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, L. M. Chen, L. Zhang, W. C. Yan, D. W. Yuan, J. Y. Mao, Z. H. Wang, J. Colgan, and J. Abdallah, Jr., “Diagnostics of the early stage of the heating of clusters by a femtosecond laser pulse from the spectra of hollow ions,” JETP Lett. 94(3), 171–176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, A. Ya. Faenov, Y. Fukuda, and K. Yamada, “Gas-cluster targets for femtosecond laser interaction: modeling and optimization,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77(8), 083112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, and A. Ya. Faenov, “On the generation of large clusters in forming gas-Jet targets for lasers,” Tech. Phys. 49(4), 388–395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Dorchies, F. Blasco, T. Caillaud, J. Stevefelt, C. Stenz, A. S. Boldarev, and V. A. Gasilov, “Spatial distribution of cluster size and density in supersonic jets as targets for intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 68(2), 023201 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, P. Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “On the interaction of femtosecond laser pulses with cluster targets,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(1), 73–83 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, S. Dobosz, P. d’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Baidin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “X-ray spectroscopy diagnostic of a plasma produced by femtosecond laser pulses irradiating a cluster target,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(5), 966–976 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, T. Auguste, P. D’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, S. Dobosz, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. S. Boldarev, and V. A. Gasilov, “Spatially resolved x-ray spectroscopy investigation of femtosecond laser irradiated Ar clusters,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 65(33 Pt 2B), 036410 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, F. Blasco, C. Stenz, F. Dorchies, F. Salin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, A. I. Magunov, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Modeling cluster jets as targets for high-power ultrashort laser pulses,” JETP Lett. 73(10), 514–518 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bonte, C.

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, P. Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “On the interaction of femtosecond laser pulses with cluster targets,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(1), 73–83 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Evidence of supercritical density in 45-fs-laser-irradiated Ar-cluster plasmas,” Phys. Rev. A 66(3), 033204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, S. Dobosz, P. d’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Baidin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “X-ray spectroscopy diagnostic of a plasma produced by femtosecond laser pulses irradiating a cluster target,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(5), 966–976 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, F. Salin, C. Stenz, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Badin, G. C. Junkel-Vives, and J. Abdallah., “Influence of ultrashort laser pulse duration on the X-ray emission spectrum of plasma produced in cluster target,” JETP Lett. 74(7), 375–379 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bulanov, S.

A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, T. Homma, K. Kawase, I. Skobelev, S. Gasilov, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, and S. Bulanov, “Metrology of wide field of view nano-thickness foils’ homogeneity by conventional and phase contrast soft X-ray Imaging,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(6), 06GK03 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bulanov, S. V.

Y. Hayashi, A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, Y. Fukuda, A. Faenov, K. Kawase, T. Pikuz, T. Nakamura, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, and S. V. Bulanov, “Efficient generation of Xe K-shell x rays by high-contrast interaction with submicrometer clusters,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1614–1616 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Colgan, J. Abdallah, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, Y. Fukuda, Y. Hayashi, A. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Shimomura, H. Kiriyama, Y. Kato, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Observation and modeling of high resolution spectral features of the inner-shell X-ray emission produced by 10-10 contrast femtosecond-pulse laser irradiation of argon clusters,” High Energy Density Phys. 7(2), 77–83 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hayashi, Y. Fukuda, A. Y. Faenov, M. Kando, K. Kawase, T. A. Pikuz, T. Homma, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Intense and reproducible Kα emissions from micron-sized Kr cluster target irradiated with intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(12), 126401 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Chen, F. Liu, W. M. Wang, M. Kando, J. Y. Mao, L. Zhang, J. L. Ma, Y. T. Li, S. V. Bulanov, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, Z. M. Sheng, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Intense high-contrast femtosecond K-shell x-ray source from laser-driven Ar clusters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(21), 215004 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Gasilov, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, T. Kawachi, I. Yu. Skobelev, H. Daido, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Wide-field-of-view phase-contrast imaging of nanostructures with a comparatively large polychromatic soft x-ray plasma source,” Opt. Lett. 34(21), 3268–3270 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, S. V. Gasilov, I. Yu. Skobelev, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, T. Homma, K. Kawase, Y. Hayashi, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Propagation-based phase-contrast enhancement of nanostructure images using a debris-free femtosecond-laser-driven cluster-based plasma soft x-ray source and an LiF crystal detector,” Appl. Opt. 48(32), 6271–6276 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Fukuda, A. Y. Faenov, T. Pikuz, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, I. Daito, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Homma, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft X-ray source for nanostructure imaging using femtosecond-laser-irradiated clusters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(12), 121110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Chen, M. Kando, J. Ma, H. Kotaki, Y. Fukuda, Y. Hayashi, I. Daito, T. Homma, K. Ogura, M. Mori, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. Koga, H. Daido, S. V. Bulanov, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, and Y. Kato, “Phase-contrast X-ray imaging with intense Ar Kα radiation from femtosecond-laser-driven gas target,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(21), 211501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cabanillas-Gonzalez, J.

Caillaud, T.

F. Dorchies, F. Blasco, T. Caillaud, J. Stevefelt, C. Stenz, A. S. Boldarev, and V. A. Gasilov, “Spatial distribution of cluster size and density in supersonic jets as targets for intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 68(2), 023201 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, P. Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “On the interaction of femtosecond laser pulses with cluster targets,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(1), 73–83 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, S. Dobosz, P. d’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Baidin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “X-ray spectroscopy diagnostic of a plasma produced by femtosecond laser pulses irradiating a cluster target,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(5), 966–976 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Evidence of supercritical density in 45-fs-laser-irradiated Ar-cluster plasmas,” Phys. Rev. A 66(3), 033204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, F. Salin, C. Stenz, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Badin, G. C. Junkel-Vives, and J. Abdallah., “Influence of ultrashort laser pulse duration on the X-ray emission spectrum of plasma produced in cluster target,” JETP Lett. 74(7), 375–379 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Calegari, F.

Chen, L. M.

A. Ya. Faenov, I. Yu. Skobelev, T. A. Pikuz, V. E. Fortov, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, L. M. Chen, L. Zhang, W. C. Yan, D. W. Yuan, J. Y. Mao, Z. H. Wang, J. Colgan, and J. Abdallah, Jr., “Diagnostics of the early stage of the heating of clusters by a femtosecond laser pulse from the spectra of hollow ions,” JETP Lett. 94(3), 171–176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Chen, F. Liu, W. M. Wang, M. Kando, J. Y. Mao, L. Zhang, J. L. Ma, Y. T. Li, S. V. Bulanov, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, Z. M. Sheng, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Intense high-contrast femtosecond K-shell x-ray source from laser-driven Ar clusters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(21), 215004 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Fukuda, A. Y. Faenov, T. Pikuz, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, I. Daito, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Homma, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft X-ray source for nanostructure imaging using femtosecond-laser-irradiated clusters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(12), 121110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Chen, M. Kando, J. Ma, H. Kotaki, Y. Fukuda, Y. Hayashi, I. Daito, T. Homma, K. Ogura, M. Mori, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. Koga, H. Daido, S. V. Bulanov, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, and Y. Kato, “Phase-contrast X-ray imaging with intense Ar Kα radiation from femtosecond-laser-driven gas target,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(21), 211501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.-M.

Chung, H.-K.

N. L. Kugland, C. G. Constantin, P. Neumayer, H.-K. Chung, A. Collette, E. L. Dewald, D. H. Froula, S. H. Glenzer, A. Kemp, A. L. Kritcher, J. S. Ross, and C. Niemann, “High Kα X-ray conversion efficiency from extended source gas jet targets irradiated by ultra short laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 241504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. L. Kugland, P. Neumayer, T. Döppner, H.-K. Chung, C. G. Constantin, F. Girard, S. H. Glenzer, A. Kemp, and C. Niemann, “High contrast Kr gas jet Kα x-ray source for high energy density physics experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79(10), 10E917 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Churina, I. V.

H. A. Sumeruk, S. Kneip, D. R. Symes, I. V. Churina, A. V. Belolipetski, T. D. Donnelly, and T. Ditmire, “Control of strong-laser-field coupling to electrons in solid targets with wavelength-scale spheres,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(4), 045001 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Colgan, J.

J. Colgan, J. Abdallah, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, Y. Fukuda, Y. Hayashi, A. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Shimomura, H. Kiriyama, Y. Kato, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Observation and modeling of high resolution spectral features of the inner-shell X-ray emission produced by 10-10 contrast femtosecond-pulse laser irradiation of argon clusters,” High Energy Density Phys. 7(2), 77–83 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Ya. Faenov, I. Yu. Skobelev, T. A. Pikuz, V. E. Fortov, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, L. M. Chen, L. Zhang, W. C. Yan, D. W. Yuan, J. Y. Mao, Z. H. Wang, J. Colgan, and J. Abdallah, Jr., “Diagnostics of the early stage of the heating of clusters by a femtosecond laser pulse from the spectra of hollow ions,” JETP Lett. 94(3), 171–176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Collette, A.

N. L. Kugland, C. G. Constantin, P. Neumayer, H.-K. Chung, A. Collette, E. L. Dewald, D. H. Froula, S. H. Glenzer, A. Kemp, A. L. Kritcher, J. S. Ross, and C. Niemann, “High Kα X-ray conversion efficiency from extended source gas jet targets irradiated by ultra short laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 241504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Constantin, C. G.

N. L. Kugland, P. Neumayer, T. Döppner, H.-K. Chung, C. G. Constantin, F. Girard, S. H. Glenzer, A. Kemp, and C. Niemann, “High contrast Kr gas jet Kα x-ray source for high energy density physics experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79(10), 10E917 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. L. Kugland, C. G. Constantin, P. Neumayer, H.-K. Chung, A. Collette, E. L. Dewald, D. H. Froula, S. H. Glenzer, A. Kemp, A. L. Kritcher, J. S. Ross, and C. Niemann, “High Kα X-ray conversion efficiency from extended source gas jet targets irradiated by ultra short laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 241504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Csanak, G.

M. E. Sherrill, J. Abdallah, G. Csanak, E. S. Dodd, Y. Fukuda, Y. Akahane, M. Aoyama, N. Inoue, H. Ueda, K. Yamakawa, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Spectroscopic characterization of an ultrashort-pulse-laser-driven Ar cluster target incorporating both Boltzmann and particle-in-cell models,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 73(6), 066404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D’Andrea, C.

F. Calegari, S. Stagira, C. D’Andrea, G. Valentini, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, A. Faenov, and T. Pikuz, “Table-top soft X-ray imaging of nanometric films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(11), 111122 (2006).
[CrossRef]

d’Oliveira, P.

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, S. Dobosz, P. d’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Baidin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “X-ray spectroscopy diagnostic of a plasma produced by femtosecond laser pulses irradiating a cluster target,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(5), 966–976 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, T. Auguste, P. D’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, S. Dobosz, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. S. Boldarev, and V. A. Gasilov, “Spatially resolved x-ray spectroscopy investigation of femtosecond laser irradiated Ar clusters,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 65(33 Pt 2B), 036410 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Abdallah, A. Ya. Faenov, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. I. Magnunov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Auguste, P. D’Oliveira, S. Hulin, and P. Monot, “Hot-electron influence on the X-ray emission spectra of Ar clusters heated by a high-intensity 60-fs laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 63(3), 032706 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Auguste, P. D’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, J. Abdallah, A. Ya. Faenov, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. I. Magunov, and T. A. Pikuz, “The role of the prepulse in cluster heating by a high-power femtosecond laser pulse,” JETP Lett. 72(2), 38–41 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Daido, H.

A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, T. Homma, K. Kawase, I. Skobelev, S. Gasilov, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, and S. Bulanov, “Metrology of wide field of view nano-thickness foils’ homogeneity by conventional and phase contrast soft X-ray Imaging,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(6), 06GK03 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hayashi, Y. Fukuda, A. Y. Faenov, M. Kando, K. Kawase, T. A. Pikuz, T. Homma, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Intense and reproducible Kα emissions from micron-sized Kr cluster target irradiated with intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(12), 126401 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Gasilov, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, T. Kawachi, I. Yu. Skobelev, H. Daido, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Wide-field-of-view phase-contrast imaging of nanostructures with a comparatively large polychromatic soft x-ray plasma source,” Opt. Lett. 34(21), 3268–3270 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, S. V. Gasilov, I. Yu. Skobelev, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, T. Homma, K. Kawase, Y. Hayashi, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Propagation-based phase-contrast enhancement of nanostructure images using a debris-free femtosecond-laser-driven cluster-based plasma soft x-ray source and an LiF crystal detector,” Appl. Opt. 48(32), 6271–6276 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Fukuda, A. Y. Faenov, T. Pikuz, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, I. Daito, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Homma, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft X-ray source for nanostructure imaging using femtosecond-laser-irradiated clusters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(12), 121110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Chen, M. Kando, J. Ma, H. Kotaki, Y. Fukuda, Y. Hayashi, I. Daito, T. Homma, K. Ogura, M. Mori, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. Koga, H. Daido, S. V. Bulanov, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, and Y. Kato, “Phase-contrast X-ray imaging with intense Ar Kα radiation from femtosecond-laser-driven gas target,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(21), 211501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Daito, I.

Y. Fukuda, A. Y. Faenov, T. Pikuz, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, I. Daito, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Homma, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft X-ray source for nanostructure imaging using femtosecond-laser-irradiated clusters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(12), 121110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Chen, M. Kando, J. Ma, H. Kotaki, Y. Fukuda, Y. Hayashi, I. Daito, T. Homma, K. Ogura, M. Mori, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. Koga, H. Daido, S. V. Bulanov, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, and Y. Kato, “Phase-contrast X-ray imaging with intense Ar Kα radiation from femtosecond-laser-driven gas target,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(21), 211501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

De Silvestri, S.

Dewald, E. L.

N. L. Kugland, C. G. Constantin, P. Neumayer, H.-K. Chung, A. Collette, E. L. Dewald, D. H. Froula, S. H. Glenzer, A. Kemp, A. L. Kritcher, J. S. Ross, and C. Niemann, “High Kα X-ray conversion efficiency from extended source gas jet targets irradiated by ultra short laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 241504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Diebold, G. J.

C. M. Laperle, P. Wintermeyer, J. R. Wands, D. Shi, N. Anastasio, X. Li, B. Ahr, G. J. Diebold, and C. Rose-Petruck, “Propagation based differential phase contrast imaging and tomography of murine tissue with a laser plasma X-ray source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 173901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ditmire, T.

H. A. Sumeruk, S. Kneip, D. R. Symes, I. V. Churina, A. V. Belolipetski, T. D. Donnelly, and T. Ditmire, “Control of strong-laser-field coupling to electrons in solid targets with wavelength-scale spheres,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(4), 045001 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Ditmire, T. Donnelly, A. M. Rubenchik, R. W. Falcone, and M. D. Perry, “Interaction of intense laser pulses with atomic clusters,” Phys. Rev. A 53(5), 3379–3402 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dobosz, S.

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, S. Dobosz, P. d’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Baidin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “X-ray spectroscopy diagnostic of a plasma produced by femtosecond laser pulses irradiating a cluster target,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(5), 966–976 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, T. Auguste, P. D’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, S. Dobosz, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. S. Boldarev, and V. A. Gasilov, “Spatially resolved x-ray spectroscopy investigation of femtosecond laser irradiated Ar clusters,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 65(33 Pt 2B), 036410 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Dobosz, M. Schmidt, M. Pedrix, P. Meynadier, O. Gobert, D. Normand, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, and N. E. Andreev, “Characteristic features of the X-ray spectra of a plasma produced by heating CO2 clusters by intense femtosecond laser pulses with λ=0.8 and 0.4µm,” JETP Lett. 68(6), 485–491 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dodd, E. S.

M. E. Sherrill, J. Abdallah, G. Csanak, E. S. Dodd, Y. Fukuda, Y. Akahane, M. Aoyama, N. Inoue, H. Ueda, K. Yamakawa, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Spectroscopic characterization of an ultrashort-pulse-laser-driven Ar cluster target incorporating both Boltzmann and particle-in-cell models,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 73(6), 066404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Donnelly, T.

T. Ditmire, T. Donnelly, A. M. Rubenchik, R. W. Falcone, and M. D. Perry, “Interaction of intense laser pulses with atomic clusters,” Phys. Rev. A 53(5), 3379–3402 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Donnelly, T. D.

H. A. Sumeruk, S. Kneip, D. R. Symes, I. V. Churina, A. V. Belolipetski, T. D. Donnelly, and T. Ditmire, “Control of strong-laser-field coupling to electrons in solid targets with wavelength-scale spheres,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(4), 045001 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Döppner, T.

N. L. Kugland, P. Neumayer, T. Döppner, H.-K. Chung, C. G. Constantin, F. Girard, S. H. Glenzer, A. Kemp, and C. Niemann, “High contrast Kr gas jet Kα x-ray source for high energy density physics experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79(10), 10E917 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dorchies, F.

F. Dorchies, F. Blasco, T. Caillaud, J. Stevefelt, C. Stenz, A. S. Boldarev, and V. A. Gasilov, “Spatial distribution of cluster size and density in supersonic jets as targets for intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 68(2), 023201 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, and C. Stenz, “Experimental and numerical studies of structure of cluster targets for femtosecond laser pulses,” Proc. SPIE 5228, 446–454 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, P. Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “On the interaction of femtosecond laser pulses with cluster targets,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(1), 73–83 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, S. Dobosz, P. d’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Baidin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “X-ray spectroscopy diagnostic of a plasma produced by femtosecond laser pulses irradiating a cluster target,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(5), 966–976 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Evidence of supercritical density in 45-fs-laser-irradiated Ar-cluster plasmas,” Phys. Rev. A 66(3), 033204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, F. Salin, C. Stenz, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Badin, G. C. Junkel-Vives, and J. Abdallah., “Influence of ultrashort laser pulse duration on the X-ray emission spectrum of plasma produced in cluster target,” JETP Lett. 74(7), 375–379 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, F. Blasco, C. Stenz, F. Dorchies, F. Salin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, A. I. Magunov, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Modeling cluster jets as targets for high-power ultrashort laser pulses,” JETP Lett. 73(10), 514–518 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Eisenmann, S.

T. Palchan, S. Pecker, Z. Henis, S. Eisenmann, and A. Zigler, “Efficient coupling of high intensity short laser pulses into snow clusters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(4), 041501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Faenov, A.

Y. Hayashi, A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, Y. Fukuda, A. Faenov, K. Kawase, T. Pikuz, T. Nakamura, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, and S. V. Bulanov, “Efficient generation of Xe K-shell x rays by high-contrast interaction with submicrometer clusters,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1614–1616 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, T. Homma, K. Kawase, I. Skobelev, S. Gasilov, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, and S. Bulanov, “Metrology of wide field of view nano-thickness foils’ homogeneity by conventional and phase contrast soft X-ray Imaging,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(6), 06GK03 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Calegari, G. Valentini, C. Vozzi, E. Benedetti, J. Cabanillas-Gonzalez, A. Faenov, S. Gasilov, T. Pikuz, L. Poletto, G. Sansone, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Elemental sensitivity in soft x-ray imaging with a laser-plasma source and a color center detector,” Opt. Lett. 32(17), 2593–2595 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Calegari, S. Stagira, C. D’Andrea, G. Valentini, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, A. Faenov, and T. Pikuz, “Table-top soft X-ray imaging of nanometric films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(11), 111122 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Faenov, A. Y.

Y. Hayashi, Y. Fukuda, A. Y. Faenov, M. Kando, K. Kawase, T. A. Pikuz, T. Homma, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Intense and reproducible Kα emissions from micron-sized Kr cluster target irradiated with intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(12), 126401 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fukuda, A. Y. Faenov, T. Pikuz, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, I. Daito, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Homma, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft X-ray source for nanostructure imaging using femtosecond-laser-irradiated clusters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(12), 121110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Faenov, A. Ya.

A. Ya. Faenov, I. Yu. Skobelev, T. A. Pikuz, V. E. Fortov, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, L. M. Chen, L. Zhang, W. C. Yan, D. W. Yuan, J. Y. Mao, Z. H. Wang, J. Colgan, and J. Abdallah, Jr., “Diagnostics of the early stage of the heating of clusters by a femtosecond laser pulse from the spectra of hollow ions,” JETP Lett. 94(3), 171–176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Colgan, J. Abdallah, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, Y. Fukuda, Y. Hayashi, A. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Shimomura, H. Kiriyama, Y. Kato, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Observation and modeling of high resolution spectral features of the inner-shell X-ray emission produced by 10-10 contrast femtosecond-pulse laser irradiation of argon clusters,” High Energy Density Phys. 7(2), 77–83 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, S. V. Gasilov, I. Yu. Skobelev, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, T. Homma, K. Kawase, Y. Hayashi, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Propagation-based phase-contrast enhancement of nanostructure images using a debris-free femtosecond-laser-driven cluster-based plasma soft x-ray source and an LiF crystal detector,” Appl. Opt. 48(32), 6271–6276 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Gasilov, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, T. Kawachi, I. Yu. Skobelev, H. Daido, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Wide-field-of-view phase-contrast imaging of nanostructures with a comparatively large polychromatic soft x-ray plasma source,” Opt. Lett. 34(21), 3268–3270 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. E. Sherrill, J. Abdallah, G. Csanak, E. S. Dodd, Y. Fukuda, Y. Akahane, M. Aoyama, N. Inoue, H. Ueda, K. Yamakawa, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Spectroscopic characterization of an ultrashort-pulse-laser-driven Ar cluster target incorporating both Boltzmann and particle-in-cell models,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 73(6), 066404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, A. Ya. Faenov, Y. Fukuda, and K. Yamada, “Gas-cluster targets for femtosecond laser interaction: modeling and optimization,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77(8), 083112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, and A. Ya. Faenov, “On the generation of large clusters in forming gas-Jet targets for lasers,” Tech. Phys. 49(4), 388–395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, P. Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “On the interaction of femtosecond laser pulses with cluster targets,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(1), 73–83 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Evidence of supercritical density in 45-fs-laser-irradiated Ar-cluster plasmas,” Phys. Rev. A 66(3), 033204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, T. Auguste, P. D’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, S. Dobosz, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. S. Boldarev, and V. A. Gasilov, “Spatially resolved x-ray spectroscopy investigation of femtosecond laser irradiated Ar clusters,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 65(33 Pt 2B), 036410 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, S. Dobosz, P. d’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Baidin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “X-ray spectroscopy diagnostic of a plasma produced by femtosecond laser pulses irradiating a cluster target,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(5), 966–976 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, F. Salin, C. Stenz, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Badin, G. C. Junkel-Vives, and J. Abdallah., “Influence of ultrashort laser pulse duration on the X-ray emission spectrum of plasma produced in cluster target,” JETP Lett. 74(7), 375–379 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, F. Blasco, C. Stenz, F. Salin, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Observation of H-like ions within argon clusters irradiated by 35-fs laser via high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 64(2), 021201 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Abdallah, A. Ya. Faenov, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. I. Magnunov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Auguste, P. D’Oliveira, S. Hulin, and P. Monot, “Hot-electron influence on the X-ray emission spectra of Ar clusters heated by a high-intensity 60-fs laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 63(3), 032706 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, F. Blasco, C. Stenz, F. Dorchies, F. Salin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, A. I. Magunov, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Modeling cluster jets as targets for high-power ultrashort laser pulses,” JETP Lett. 73(10), 514–518 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Auguste, P. D’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, J. Abdallah, A. Ya. Faenov, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. I. Magunov, and T. A. Pikuz, “The role of the prepulse in cluster heating by a high-power femtosecond laser pulse,” JETP Lett. 72(2), 38–41 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Dobosz, M. Schmidt, M. Pedrix, P. Meynadier, O. Gobert, D. Normand, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, and N. E. Andreev, “Characteristic features of the X-ray spectra of a plasma produced by heating CO2 clusters by intense femtosecond laser pulses with λ=0.8 and 0.4µm,” JETP Lett. 68(6), 485–491 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Falcone, R. W.

T. Ditmire, T. Donnelly, A. M. Rubenchik, R. W. Falcone, and M. D. Perry, “Interaction of intense laser pulses with atomic clusters,” Phys. Rev. A 53(5), 3379–3402 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fortov, V. E.

A. Ya. Faenov, I. Yu. Skobelev, T. A. Pikuz, V. E. Fortov, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, L. M. Chen, L. Zhang, W. C. Yan, D. W. Yuan, J. Y. Mao, Z. H. Wang, J. Colgan, and J. Abdallah, Jr., “Diagnostics of the early stage of the heating of clusters by a femtosecond laser pulse from the spectra of hollow ions,” JETP Lett. 94(3), 171–176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fourmaux, S.

R. Toth, S. Fourmaux, T. Ozaki, M. Servol, J. C. Kieffer, R. E. Kincaid, and A. Krol, “Evaluation of ultrafast laser-based hard X-ray sources for phase-contrast imaging,” Phys. Plasmas 14(5), 053506 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Froula, D. H.

N. L. Kugland, C. G. Constantin, P. Neumayer, H.-K. Chung, A. Collette, E. L. Dewald, D. H. Froula, S. H. Glenzer, A. Kemp, A. L. Kritcher, J. S. Ross, and C. Niemann, “High Kα X-ray conversion efficiency from extended source gas jet targets irradiated by ultra short laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 241504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fukuda, Y.

Y. Hayashi, A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, Y. Fukuda, A. Faenov, K. Kawase, T. Pikuz, T. Nakamura, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, and S. V. Bulanov, “Efficient generation of Xe K-shell x rays by high-contrast interaction with submicrometer clusters,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1614–1616 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Colgan, J. Abdallah, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, Y. Fukuda, Y. Hayashi, A. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Shimomura, H. Kiriyama, Y. Kato, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Observation and modeling of high resolution spectral features of the inner-shell X-ray emission produced by 10-10 contrast femtosecond-pulse laser irradiation of argon clusters,” High Energy Density Phys. 7(2), 77–83 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hayashi, Y. Fukuda, A. Y. Faenov, M. Kando, K. Kawase, T. A. Pikuz, T. Homma, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Intense and reproducible Kα emissions from micron-sized Kr cluster target irradiated with intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(12), 126401 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, T. Homma, K. Kawase, I. Skobelev, S. Gasilov, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, and S. Bulanov, “Metrology of wide field of view nano-thickness foils’ homogeneity by conventional and phase contrast soft X-ray Imaging,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(6), 06GK03 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, S. V. Gasilov, I. Yu. Skobelev, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, T. Homma, K. Kawase, Y. Hayashi, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Propagation-based phase-contrast enhancement of nanostructure images using a debris-free femtosecond-laser-driven cluster-based plasma soft x-ray source and an LiF crystal detector,” Appl. Opt. 48(32), 6271–6276 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Gasilov, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, T. Kawachi, I. Yu. Skobelev, H. Daido, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Wide-field-of-view phase-contrast imaging of nanostructures with a comparatively large polychromatic soft x-ray plasma source,” Opt. Lett. 34(21), 3268–3270 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Fukuda, A. Y. Faenov, T. Pikuz, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, I. Daito, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Homma, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft X-ray source for nanostructure imaging using femtosecond-laser-irradiated clusters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(12), 121110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Chen, M. Kando, J. Ma, H. Kotaki, Y. Fukuda, Y. Hayashi, I. Daito, T. Homma, K. Ogura, M. Mori, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. Koga, H. Daido, S. V. Bulanov, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, and Y. Kato, “Phase-contrast X-ray imaging with intense Ar Kα radiation from femtosecond-laser-driven gas target,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(21), 211501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Sherrill, J. Abdallah, G. Csanak, E. S. Dodd, Y. Fukuda, Y. Akahane, M. Aoyama, N. Inoue, H. Ueda, K. Yamakawa, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Spectroscopic characterization of an ultrashort-pulse-laser-driven Ar cluster target incorporating both Boltzmann and particle-in-cell models,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 73(6), 066404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, A. Ya. Faenov, Y. Fukuda, and K. Yamada, “Gas-cluster targets for femtosecond laser interaction: modeling and optimization,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77(8), 083112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gasilov, S.

A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, T. Homma, K. Kawase, I. Skobelev, S. Gasilov, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, and S. Bulanov, “Metrology of wide field of view nano-thickness foils’ homogeneity by conventional and phase contrast soft X-ray Imaging,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(6), 06GK03 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Calegari, G. Valentini, C. Vozzi, E. Benedetti, J. Cabanillas-Gonzalez, A. Faenov, S. Gasilov, T. Pikuz, L. Poletto, G. Sansone, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Elemental sensitivity in soft x-ray imaging with a laser-plasma source and a color center detector,” Opt. Lett. 32(17), 2593–2595 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gasilov, S. V.

Gasilov, V. A.

A. Ya. Faenov, I. Yu. Skobelev, T. A. Pikuz, V. E. Fortov, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, L. M. Chen, L. Zhang, W. C. Yan, D. W. Yuan, J. Y. Mao, Z. H. Wang, J. Colgan, and J. Abdallah, Jr., “Diagnostics of the early stage of the heating of clusters by a femtosecond laser pulse from the spectra of hollow ions,” JETP Lett. 94(3), 171–176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, A. Ya. Faenov, Y. Fukuda, and K. Yamada, “Gas-cluster targets for femtosecond laser interaction: modeling and optimization,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77(8), 083112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, and A. Ya. Faenov, “On the generation of large clusters in forming gas-Jet targets for lasers,” Tech. Phys. 49(4), 388–395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, and C. Stenz, “Experimental and numerical studies of structure of cluster targets for femtosecond laser pulses,” Proc. SPIE 5228, 446–454 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Dorchies, F. Blasco, T. Caillaud, J. Stevefelt, C. Stenz, A. S. Boldarev, and V. A. Gasilov, “Spatial distribution of cluster size and density in supersonic jets as targets for intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 68(2), 023201 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, P. Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “On the interaction of femtosecond laser pulses with cluster targets,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(1), 73–83 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, T. Auguste, P. D’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, S. Dobosz, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. S. Boldarev, and V. A. Gasilov, “Spatially resolved x-ray spectroscopy investigation of femtosecond laser irradiated Ar clusters,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 65(33 Pt 2B), 036410 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, S. Dobosz, P. d’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Baidin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “X-ray spectroscopy diagnostic of a plasma produced by femtosecond laser pulses irradiating a cluster target,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(5), 966–976 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, F. Blasco, C. Stenz, F. Dorchies, F. Salin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, A. I. Magunov, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Modeling cluster jets as targets for high-power ultrashort laser pulses,” JETP Lett. 73(10), 514–518 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Girard, F.

N. L. Kugland, P. Neumayer, T. Döppner, H.-K. Chung, C. G. Constantin, F. Girard, S. H. Glenzer, A. Kemp, and C. Niemann, “High contrast Kr gas jet Kα x-ray source for high energy density physics experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79(10), 10E917 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Glenzer, S. H.

N. L. Kugland, P. Neumayer, T. Döppner, H.-K. Chung, C. G. Constantin, F. Girard, S. H. Glenzer, A. Kemp, and C. Niemann, “High contrast Kr gas jet Kα x-ray source for high energy density physics experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79(10), 10E917 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. L. Kugland, C. G. Constantin, P. Neumayer, H.-K. Chung, A. Collette, E. L. Dewald, D. H. Froula, S. H. Glenzer, A. Kemp, A. L. Kritcher, J. S. Ross, and C. Niemann, “High Kα X-ray conversion efficiency from extended source gas jet targets irradiated by ultra short laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 241504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gobert, O.

S. Dobosz, M. Schmidt, M. Pedrix, P. Meynadier, O. Gobert, D. Normand, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, and N. E. Andreev, “Characteristic features of the X-ray spectra of a plasma produced by heating CO2 clusters by intense femtosecond laser pulses with λ=0.8 and 0.4µm,” JETP Lett. 68(6), 485–491 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hagena, O. F.

O. F. Hagena, “Cluser ion sources (invited),” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63(4), 2374 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Han, H.

Hayashi, Y.

J. Colgan, J. Abdallah, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, Y. Fukuda, Y. Hayashi, A. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Shimomura, H. Kiriyama, Y. Kato, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Observation and modeling of high resolution spectral features of the inner-shell X-ray emission produced by 10-10 contrast femtosecond-pulse laser irradiation of argon clusters,” High Energy Density Phys. 7(2), 77–83 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hayashi, A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, Y. Fukuda, A. Faenov, K. Kawase, T. Pikuz, T. Nakamura, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, and S. V. Bulanov, “Efficient generation of Xe K-shell x rays by high-contrast interaction with submicrometer clusters,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1614–1616 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Hayashi, Y. Fukuda, A. Y. Faenov, M. Kando, K. Kawase, T. A. Pikuz, T. Homma, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Intense and reproducible Kα emissions from micron-sized Kr cluster target irradiated with intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(12), 126401 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, S. V. Gasilov, I. Yu. Skobelev, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, T. Homma, K. Kawase, Y. Hayashi, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Propagation-based phase-contrast enhancement of nanostructure images using a debris-free femtosecond-laser-driven cluster-based plasma soft x-ray source and an LiF crystal detector,” Appl. Opt. 48(32), 6271–6276 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. M. Chen, M. Kando, J. Ma, H. Kotaki, Y. Fukuda, Y. Hayashi, I. Daito, T. Homma, K. Ogura, M. Mori, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. Koga, H. Daido, S. V. Bulanov, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, and Y. Kato, “Phase-contrast X-ray imaging with intense Ar Kα radiation from femtosecond-laser-driven gas target,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(21), 211501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Henis, Z.

T. Palchan, S. Pecker, Z. Henis, S. Eisenmann, and A. Zigler, “Efficient coupling of high intensity short laser pulses into snow clusters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(4), 041501 (2007).
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Homma, T.

A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, T. Homma, K. Kawase, I. Skobelev, S. Gasilov, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, and S. Bulanov, “Metrology of wide field of view nano-thickness foils’ homogeneity by conventional and phase contrast soft X-ray Imaging,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(6), 06GK03 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hayashi, Y. Fukuda, A. Y. Faenov, M. Kando, K. Kawase, T. A. Pikuz, T. Homma, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Intense and reproducible Kα emissions from micron-sized Kr cluster target irradiated with intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(12), 126401 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, S. V. Gasilov, I. Yu. Skobelev, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, T. Homma, K. Kawase, Y. Hayashi, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Propagation-based phase-contrast enhancement of nanostructure images using a debris-free femtosecond-laser-driven cluster-based plasma soft x-ray source and an LiF crystal detector,” Appl. Opt. 48(32), 6271–6276 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Fukuda, A. Y. Faenov, T. Pikuz, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, I. Daito, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Homma, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft X-ray source for nanostructure imaging using femtosecond-laser-irradiated clusters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(12), 121110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Chen, M. Kando, J. Ma, H. Kotaki, Y. Fukuda, Y. Hayashi, I. Daito, T. Homma, K. Ogura, M. Mori, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. Koga, H. Daido, S. V. Bulanov, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, and Y. Kato, “Phase-contrast X-ray imaging with intense Ar Kα radiation from femtosecond-laser-driven gas target,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(21), 211501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hulin, S.

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, S. Dobosz, P. d’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Baidin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “X-ray spectroscopy diagnostic of a plasma produced by femtosecond laser pulses irradiating a cluster target,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(5), 966–976 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, T. Auguste, P. D’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, S. Dobosz, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. S. Boldarev, and V. A. Gasilov, “Spatially resolved x-ray spectroscopy investigation of femtosecond laser irradiated Ar clusters,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 65(33 Pt 2B), 036410 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, P. Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “On the interaction of femtosecond laser pulses with cluster targets,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(1), 73–83 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Abdallah, A. Ya. Faenov, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. I. Magnunov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Auguste, P. D’Oliveira, S. Hulin, and P. Monot, “Hot-electron influence on the X-ray emission spectra of Ar clusters heated by a high-intensity 60-fs laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 63(3), 032706 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Auguste, P. D’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, J. Abdallah, A. Ya. Faenov, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. I. Magunov, and T. A. Pikuz, “The role of the prepulse in cluster heating by a high-power femtosecond laser pulse,” JETP Lett. 72(2), 38–41 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, N.

M. E. Sherrill, J. Abdallah, G. Csanak, E. S. Dodd, Y. Fukuda, Y. Akahane, M. Aoyama, N. Inoue, H. Ueda, K. Yamakawa, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Spectroscopic characterization of an ultrashort-pulse-laser-driven Ar cluster target incorporating both Boltzmann and particle-in-cell models,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 73(6), 066404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Junkel-Vives, G. C.

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, P. Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “On the interaction of femtosecond laser pulses with cluster targets,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(1), 73–83 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, S. Dobosz, P. d’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Baidin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “X-ray spectroscopy diagnostic of a plasma produced by femtosecond laser pulses irradiating a cluster target,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(5), 966–976 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, T. Auguste, P. D’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, S. Dobosz, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. S. Boldarev, and V. A. Gasilov, “Spatially resolved x-ray spectroscopy investigation of femtosecond laser irradiated Ar clusters,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 65(33 Pt 2B), 036410 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Evidence of supercritical density in 45-fs-laser-irradiated Ar-cluster plasmas,” Phys. Rev. A 66(3), 033204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, F. Salin, C. Stenz, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Badin, G. C. Junkel-Vives, and J. Abdallah., “Influence of ultrashort laser pulse duration on the X-ray emission spectrum of plasma produced in cluster target,” JETP Lett. 74(7), 375–379 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, F. Blasco, C. Stenz, F. Salin, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Observation of H-like ions within argon clusters irradiated by 35-fs laser via high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 64(2), 021201 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kameshima, T.

Y. Fukuda, A. Y. Faenov, T. Pikuz, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, I. Daito, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Homma, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft X-ray source for nanostructure imaging using femtosecond-laser-irradiated clusters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(12), 121110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kando, M.

Y. Hayashi, A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, Y. Fukuda, A. Faenov, K. Kawase, T. Pikuz, T. Nakamura, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, and S. V. Bulanov, “Efficient generation of Xe K-shell x rays by high-contrast interaction with submicrometer clusters,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1614–1616 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Colgan, J. Abdallah, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, Y. Fukuda, Y. Hayashi, A. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Shimomura, H. Kiriyama, Y. Kato, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Observation and modeling of high resolution spectral features of the inner-shell X-ray emission produced by 10-10 contrast femtosecond-pulse laser irradiation of argon clusters,” High Energy Density Phys. 7(2), 77–83 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Chen, F. Liu, W. M. Wang, M. Kando, J. Y. Mao, L. Zhang, J. L. Ma, Y. T. Li, S. V. Bulanov, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, Z. M. Sheng, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Intense high-contrast femtosecond K-shell x-ray source from laser-driven Ar clusters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(21), 215004 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Hayashi, Y. Fukuda, A. Y. Faenov, M. Kando, K. Kawase, T. A. Pikuz, T. Homma, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Intense and reproducible Kα emissions from micron-sized Kr cluster target irradiated with intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(12), 126401 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, T. Homma, K. Kawase, I. Skobelev, S. Gasilov, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, and S. Bulanov, “Metrology of wide field of view nano-thickness foils’ homogeneity by conventional and phase contrast soft X-ray Imaging,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(6), 06GK03 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, S. V. Gasilov, I. Yu. Skobelev, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, T. Homma, K. Kawase, Y. Hayashi, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Propagation-based phase-contrast enhancement of nanostructure images using a debris-free femtosecond-laser-driven cluster-based plasma soft x-ray source and an LiF crystal detector,” Appl. Opt. 48(32), 6271–6276 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Gasilov, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, T. Kawachi, I. Yu. Skobelev, H. Daido, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Wide-field-of-view phase-contrast imaging of nanostructures with a comparatively large polychromatic soft x-ray plasma source,” Opt. Lett. 34(21), 3268–3270 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Fukuda, A. Y. Faenov, T. Pikuz, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, I. Daito, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Homma, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft X-ray source for nanostructure imaging using femtosecond-laser-irradiated clusters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(12), 121110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Chen, M. Kando, J. Ma, H. Kotaki, Y. Fukuda, Y. Hayashi, I. Daito, T. Homma, K. Ogura, M. Mori, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. Koga, H. Daido, S. V. Bulanov, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, and Y. Kato, “Phase-contrast X-ray imaging with intense Ar Kα radiation from femtosecond-laser-driven gas target,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(21), 211501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kato, Y.

J. Colgan, J. Abdallah, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, Y. Fukuda, Y. Hayashi, A. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Shimomura, H. Kiriyama, Y. Kato, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Observation and modeling of high resolution spectral features of the inner-shell X-ray emission produced by 10-10 contrast femtosecond-pulse laser irradiation of argon clusters,” High Energy Density Phys. 7(2), 77–83 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, T. Homma, K. Kawase, I. Skobelev, S. Gasilov, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, and S. Bulanov, “Metrology of wide field of view nano-thickness foils’ homogeneity by conventional and phase contrast soft X-ray Imaging,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(6), 06GK03 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Chen, F. Liu, W. M. Wang, M. Kando, J. Y. Mao, L. Zhang, J. L. Ma, Y. T. Li, S. V. Bulanov, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, Z. M. Sheng, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Intense high-contrast femtosecond K-shell x-ray source from laser-driven Ar clusters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(21), 215004 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Gasilov, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, T. Kawachi, I. Yu. Skobelev, H. Daido, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Wide-field-of-view phase-contrast imaging of nanostructures with a comparatively large polychromatic soft x-ray plasma source,” Opt. Lett. 34(21), 3268–3270 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, S. V. Gasilov, I. Yu. Skobelev, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, T. Homma, K. Kawase, Y. Hayashi, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Propagation-based phase-contrast enhancement of nanostructure images using a debris-free femtosecond-laser-driven cluster-based plasma soft x-ray source and an LiF crystal detector,” Appl. Opt. 48(32), 6271–6276 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Fukuda, A. Y. Faenov, T. Pikuz, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, I. Daito, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Homma, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft X-ray source for nanostructure imaging using femtosecond-laser-irradiated clusters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(12), 121110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Chen, M. Kando, J. Ma, H. Kotaki, Y. Fukuda, Y. Hayashi, I. Daito, T. Homma, K. Ogura, M. Mori, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. Koga, H. Daido, S. V. Bulanov, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, and Y. Kato, “Phase-contrast X-ray imaging with intense Ar Kα radiation from femtosecond-laser-driven gas target,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(21), 211501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kawachi, T.

A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, T. Homma, K. Kawase, I. Skobelev, S. Gasilov, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, and S. Bulanov, “Metrology of wide field of view nano-thickness foils’ homogeneity by conventional and phase contrast soft X-ray Imaging,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(6), 06GK03 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Gasilov, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, T. Kawachi, I. Yu. Skobelev, H. Daido, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Wide-field-of-view phase-contrast imaging of nanostructures with a comparatively large polychromatic soft x-ray plasma source,” Opt. Lett. 34(21), 3268–3270 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, S. V. Gasilov, I. Yu. Skobelev, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, T. Homma, K. Kawase, Y. Hayashi, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Propagation-based phase-contrast enhancement of nanostructure images using a debris-free femtosecond-laser-driven cluster-based plasma soft x-ray source and an LiF crystal detector,” Appl. Opt. 48(32), 6271–6276 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Fukuda, A. Y. Faenov, T. Pikuz, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, I. Daito, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Homma, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft X-ray source for nanostructure imaging using femtosecond-laser-irradiated clusters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(12), 121110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kawase, K.

Y. Hayashi, A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, Y. Fukuda, A. Faenov, K. Kawase, T. Pikuz, T. Nakamura, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, and S. V. Bulanov, “Efficient generation of Xe K-shell x rays by high-contrast interaction with submicrometer clusters,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1614–1616 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Colgan, J. Abdallah, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, Y. Fukuda, Y. Hayashi, A. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Shimomura, H. Kiriyama, Y. Kato, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Observation and modeling of high resolution spectral features of the inner-shell X-ray emission produced by 10-10 contrast femtosecond-pulse laser irradiation of argon clusters,” High Energy Density Phys. 7(2), 77–83 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hayashi, Y. Fukuda, A. Y. Faenov, M. Kando, K. Kawase, T. A. Pikuz, T. Homma, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Intense and reproducible Kα emissions from micron-sized Kr cluster target irradiated with intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(12), 126401 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, T. Homma, K. Kawase, I. Skobelev, S. Gasilov, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, and S. Bulanov, “Metrology of wide field of view nano-thickness foils’ homogeneity by conventional and phase contrast soft X-ray Imaging,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(6), 06GK03 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, S. V. Gasilov, I. Yu. Skobelev, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, T. Homma, K. Kawase, Y. Hayashi, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Propagation-based phase-contrast enhancement of nanostructure images using a debris-free femtosecond-laser-driven cluster-based plasma soft x-ray source and an LiF crystal detector,” Appl. Opt. 48(32), 6271–6276 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Fukuda, A. Y. Faenov, T. Pikuz, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, I. Daito, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Homma, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft X-ray source for nanostructure imaging using femtosecond-laser-irradiated clusters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(12), 121110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kemp, A.

N. L. Kugland, C. G. Constantin, P. Neumayer, H.-K. Chung, A. Collette, E. L. Dewald, D. H. Froula, S. H. Glenzer, A. Kemp, A. L. Kritcher, J. S. Ross, and C. Niemann, “High Kα X-ray conversion efficiency from extended source gas jet targets irradiated by ultra short laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 241504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. L. Kugland, P. Neumayer, T. Döppner, H.-K. Chung, C. G. Constantin, F. Girard, S. H. Glenzer, A. Kemp, and C. Niemann, “High contrast Kr gas jet Kα x-ray source for high energy density physics experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79(10), 10E917 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kieffer, J. C.

R. Toth, S. Fourmaux, T. Ozaki, M. Servol, J. C. Kieffer, R. E. Kincaid, and A. Krol, “Evaluation of ultrafast laser-based hard X-ray sources for phase-contrast imaging,” Phys. Plasmas 14(5), 053506 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, T.

Y. Fukuda, A. Y. Faenov, T. Pikuz, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, I. Daito, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Homma, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft X-ray source for nanostructure imaging using femtosecond-laser-irradiated clusters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(12), 121110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Chen, M. Kando, J. Ma, H. Kotaki, Y. Fukuda, Y. Hayashi, I. Daito, T. Homma, K. Ogura, M. Mori, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. Koga, H. Daido, S. V. Bulanov, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, and Y. Kato, “Phase-contrast X-ray imaging with intense Ar Kα radiation from femtosecond-laser-driven gas target,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(21), 211501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kincaid, R. E.

R. Toth, S. Fourmaux, T. Ozaki, M. Servol, J. C. Kieffer, R. E. Kincaid, and A. Krol, “Evaluation of ultrafast laser-based hard X-ray sources for phase-contrast imaging,” Phys. Plasmas 14(5), 053506 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kiriyama, H.

Y. Hayashi, A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, Y. Fukuda, A. Faenov, K. Kawase, T. Pikuz, T. Nakamura, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, and S. V. Bulanov, “Efficient generation of Xe K-shell x rays by high-contrast interaction with submicrometer clusters,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1614–1616 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Colgan, J. Abdallah, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, Y. Fukuda, Y. Hayashi, A. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Shimomura, H. Kiriyama, Y. Kato, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Observation and modeling of high resolution spectral features of the inner-shell X-ray emission produced by 10-10 contrast femtosecond-pulse laser irradiation of argon clusters,” High Energy Density Phys. 7(2), 77–83 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kneip, S.

H. A. Sumeruk, S. Kneip, D. R. Symes, I. V. Churina, A. V. Belolipetski, T. D. Donnelly, and T. Ditmire, “Control of strong-laser-field coupling to electrons in solid targets with wavelength-scale spheres,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(4), 045001 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koga, J.

L. M. Chen, M. Kando, J. Ma, H. Kotaki, Y. Fukuda, Y. Hayashi, I. Daito, T. Homma, K. Ogura, M. Mori, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. Koga, H. Daido, S. V. Bulanov, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, and Y. Kato, “Phase-contrast X-ray imaging with intense Ar Kα radiation from femtosecond-laser-driven gas target,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(21), 211501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kotaki, H.

A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, T. Homma, K. Kawase, I. Skobelev, S. Gasilov, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, and S. Bulanov, “Metrology of wide field of view nano-thickness foils’ homogeneity by conventional and phase contrast soft X-ray Imaging,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(6), 06GK03 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, S. V. Gasilov, I. Yu. Skobelev, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, T. Homma, K. Kawase, Y. Hayashi, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Propagation-based phase-contrast enhancement of nanostructure images using a debris-free femtosecond-laser-driven cluster-based plasma soft x-ray source and an LiF crystal detector,” Appl. Opt. 48(32), 6271–6276 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Fukuda, A. Y. Faenov, T. Pikuz, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, I. Daito, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Homma, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft X-ray source for nanostructure imaging using femtosecond-laser-irradiated clusters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(12), 121110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Chen, M. Kando, J. Ma, H. Kotaki, Y. Fukuda, Y. Hayashi, I. Daito, T. Homma, K. Ogura, M. Mori, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. Koga, H. Daido, S. V. Bulanov, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, and Y. Kato, “Phase-contrast X-ray imaging with intense Ar Kα radiation from femtosecond-laser-driven gas target,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(21), 211501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kritcher, A. L.

N. L. Kugland, C. G. Constantin, P. Neumayer, H.-K. Chung, A. Collette, E. L. Dewald, D. H. Froula, S. H. Glenzer, A. Kemp, A. L. Kritcher, J. S. Ross, and C. Niemann, “High Kα X-ray conversion efficiency from extended source gas jet targets irradiated by ultra short laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 241504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Krol, A.

R. Toth, S. Fourmaux, T. Ozaki, M. Servol, J. C. Kieffer, R. E. Kincaid, and A. Krol, “Evaluation of ultrafast laser-based hard X-ray sources for phase-contrast imaging,” Phys. Plasmas 14(5), 053506 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kugland, N. L.

N. L. Kugland, P. Neumayer, T. Döppner, H.-K. Chung, C. G. Constantin, F. Girard, S. H. Glenzer, A. Kemp, and C. Niemann, “High contrast Kr gas jet Kα x-ray source for high energy density physics experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79(10), 10E917 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. L. Kugland, C. G. Constantin, P. Neumayer, H.-K. Chung, A. Collette, E. L. Dewald, D. H. Froula, S. H. Glenzer, A. Kemp, A. L. Kritcher, J. S. Ross, and C. Niemann, “High Kα X-ray conversion efficiency from extended source gas jet targets irradiated by ultra short laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 241504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Laperle, C. M.

C. M. Laperle, P. Wintermeyer, J. R. Wands, D. Shi, N. Anastasio, X. Li, B. Ahr, G. J. Diebold, and C. Rose-Petruck, “Propagation based differential phase contrast imaging and tomography of murine tissue with a laser plasma X-ray source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 173901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, R.-Z.

Li, W.

Li, X.

C. M. Laperle, P. Wintermeyer, J. R. Wands, D. Shi, N. Anastasio, X. Li, B. Ahr, G. J. Diebold, and C. Rose-Petruck, “Propagation based differential phase contrast imaging and tomography of murine tissue with a laser plasma X-ray source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 173901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y. T.

L. M. Chen, F. Liu, W. M. Wang, M. Kando, J. Y. Mao, L. Zhang, J. L. Ma, Y. T. Li, S. V. Bulanov, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, Z. M. Sheng, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Intense high-contrast femtosecond K-shell x-ray source from laser-driven Ar clusters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(21), 215004 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, Y.-T.

Lin, X.-X.

Litvinenko, I. A.

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, S. Dobosz, P. d’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Baidin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “X-ray spectroscopy diagnostic of a plasma produced by femtosecond laser pulses irradiating a cluster target,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(5), 966–976 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, F. Salin, C. Stenz, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Badin, G. C. Junkel-Vives, and J. Abdallah., “Influence of ultrashort laser pulse duration on the X-ray emission spectrum of plasma produced in cluster target,” JETP Lett. 74(7), 375–379 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liu, C.

Liu, F.

Loboda, P. A.

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, S. Dobosz, P. d’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Baidin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “X-ray spectroscopy diagnostic of a plasma produced by femtosecond laser pulses irradiating a cluster target,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(5), 966–976 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, F. Salin, C. Stenz, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Badin, G. C. Junkel-Vives, and J. Abdallah., “Influence of ultrashort laser pulse duration on the X-ray emission spectrum of plasma produced in cluster target,” JETP Lett. 74(7), 375–379 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ma, J.

Y. Fukuda, A. Y. Faenov, T. Pikuz, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, I. Daito, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Homma, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft X-ray source for nanostructure imaging using femtosecond-laser-irradiated clusters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(12), 121110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Chen, M. Kando, J. Ma, H. Kotaki, Y. Fukuda, Y. Hayashi, I. Daito, T. Homma, K. Ogura, M. Mori, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. Koga, H. Daido, S. V. Bulanov, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, and Y. Kato, “Phase-contrast X-ray imaging with intense Ar Kα radiation from femtosecond-laser-driven gas target,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(21), 211501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ma, J. L.

L. M. Chen, F. Liu, W. M. Wang, M. Kando, J. Y. Mao, L. Zhang, J. L. Ma, Y. T. Li, S. V. Bulanov, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, Z. M. Sheng, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Intense high-contrast femtosecond K-shell x-ray source from laser-driven Ar clusters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(21), 215004 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ma, J.-L.

Magnunov, A. I.

J. Abdallah, A. Ya. Faenov, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. I. Magnunov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Auguste, P. D’Oliveira, S. Hulin, and P. Monot, “Hot-electron influence on the X-ray emission spectra of Ar clusters heated by a high-intensity 60-fs laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 63(3), 032706 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Magunov, A. I.

M. E. Sherrill, J. Abdallah, G. Csanak, E. S. Dodd, Y. Fukuda, Y. Akahane, M. Aoyama, N. Inoue, H. Ueda, K. Yamakawa, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Spectroscopic characterization of an ultrashort-pulse-laser-driven Ar cluster target incorporating both Boltzmann and particle-in-cell models,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 73(6), 066404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, P. Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “On the interaction of femtosecond laser pulses with cluster targets,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(1), 73–83 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Evidence of supercritical density in 45-fs-laser-irradiated Ar-cluster plasmas,” Phys. Rev. A 66(3), 033204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, S. Dobosz, P. d’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Baidin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “X-ray spectroscopy diagnostic of a plasma produced by femtosecond laser pulses irradiating a cluster target,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(5), 966–976 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, T. Auguste, P. D’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, S. Dobosz, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. S. Boldarev, and V. A. Gasilov, “Spatially resolved x-ray spectroscopy investigation of femtosecond laser irradiated Ar clusters,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 65(33 Pt 2B), 036410 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, F. Salin, C. Stenz, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Badin, G. C. Junkel-Vives, and J. Abdallah., “Influence of ultrashort laser pulse duration on the X-ray emission spectrum of plasma produced in cluster target,” JETP Lett. 74(7), 375–379 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, F. Blasco, C. Stenz, F. Salin, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Observation of H-like ions within argon clusters irradiated by 35-fs laser via high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 64(2), 021201 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, F. Blasco, C. Stenz, F. Dorchies, F. Salin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, A. I. Magunov, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Modeling cluster jets as targets for high-power ultrashort laser pulses,” JETP Lett. 73(10), 514–518 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Auguste, P. D’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, J. Abdallah, A. Ya. Faenov, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. I. Magunov, and T. A. Pikuz, “The role of the prepulse in cluster heating by a high-power femtosecond laser pulse,” JETP Lett. 72(2), 38–41 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Dobosz, M. Schmidt, M. Pedrix, P. Meynadier, O. Gobert, D. Normand, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, and N. E. Andreev, “Characteristic features of the X-ray spectra of a plasma produced by heating CO2 clusters by intense femtosecond laser pulses with λ=0.8 and 0.4µm,” JETP Lett. 68(6), 485–491 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mao, J. Y.

A. Ya. Faenov, I. Yu. Skobelev, T. A. Pikuz, V. E. Fortov, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, L. M. Chen, L. Zhang, W. C. Yan, D. W. Yuan, J. Y. Mao, Z. H. Wang, J. Colgan, and J. Abdallah, Jr., “Diagnostics of the early stage of the heating of clusters by a femtosecond laser pulse from the spectra of hollow ions,” JETP Lett. 94(3), 171–176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Chen, F. Liu, W. M. Wang, M. Kando, J. Y. Mao, L. Zhang, J. L. Ma, Y. T. Li, S. V. Bulanov, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, Z. M. Sheng, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Intense high-contrast femtosecond K-shell x-ray source from laser-driven Ar clusters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(21), 215004 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meynadier, P.

S. Dobosz, M. Schmidt, M. Pedrix, P. Meynadier, O. Gobert, D. Normand, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, and N. E. Andreev, “Characteristic features of the X-ray spectra of a plasma produced by heating CO2 clusters by intense femtosecond laser pulses with λ=0.8 and 0.4µm,” JETP Lett. 68(6), 485–491 (1998).
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Monot, P.

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, S. Dobosz, P. d’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Baidin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “X-ray spectroscopy diagnostic of a plasma produced by femtosecond laser pulses irradiating a cluster target,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(5), 966–976 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, T. Auguste, P. D’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, S. Dobosz, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. S. Boldarev, and V. A. Gasilov, “Spatially resolved x-ray spectroscopy investigation of femtosecond laser irradiated Ar clusters,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 65(33 Pt 2B), 036410 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, P. Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “On the interaction of femtosecond laser pulses with cluster targets,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(1), 73–83 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Abdallah, A. Ya. Faenov, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. I. Magnunov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Auguste, P. D’Oliveira, S. Hulin, and P. Monot, “Hot-electron influence on the X-ray emission spectra of Ar clusters heated by a high-intensity 60-fs laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 63(3), 032706 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Auguste, P. D’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, J. Abdallah, A. Ya. Faenov, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. I. Magunov, and T. A. Pikuz, “The role of the prepulse in cluster heating by a high-power femtosecond laser pulse,” JETP Lett. 72(2), 38–41 (2000).
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Mori, M.

L. M. Chen, M. Kando, J. Ma, H. Kotaki, Y. Fukuda, Y. Hayashi, I. Daito, T. Homma, K. Ogura, M. Mori, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. Koga, H. Daido, S. V. Bulanov, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, and Y. Kato, “Phase-contrast X-ray imaging with intense Ar Kα radiation from femtosecond-laser-driven gas target,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(21), 211501 (2007).
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Nakano, H.

T. Nishikawa, S. Suzuki, Y. Watanabe, O. Zhou, and H. Nakano, “Efficient water-window X-ray pulse generation from femtosecond-laser-produced plasma by using a carbon nanotube target,” Appl. Phys. B 78(7-8), 885–890 (2004).
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Neumayer, P.

N. L. Kugland, P. Neumayer, T. Döppner, H.-K. Chung, C. G. Constantin, F. Girard, S. H. Glenzer, A. Kemp, and C. Niemann, “High contrast Kr gas jet Kα x-ray source for high energy density physics experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79(10), 10E917 (2008).
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N. L. Kugland, C. G. Constantin, P. Neumayer, H.-K. Chung, A. Collette, E. L. Dewald, D. H. Froula, S. H. Glenzer, A. Kemp, A. L. Kritcher, J. S. Ross, and C. Niemann, “High Kα X-ray conversion efficiency from extended source gas jet targets irradiated by ultra short laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 241504 (2008).
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Niemann, C.

N. L. Kugland, P. Neumayer, T. Döppner, H.-K. Chung, C. G. Constantin, F. Girard, S. H. Glenzer, A. Kemp, and C. Niemann, “High contrast Kr gas jet Kα x-ray source for high energy density physics experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79(10), 10E917 (2008).
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N. L. Kugland, C. G. Constantin, P. Neumayer, H.-K. Chung, A. Collette, E. L. Dewald, D. H. Froula, S. H. Glenzer, A. Kemp, A. L. Kritcher, J. S. Ross, and C. Niemann, “High Kα X-ray conversion efficiency from extended source gas jet targets irradiated by ultra short laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 241504 (2008).
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Nishikawa, T.

T. Nishikawa, S. Suzuki, Y. Watanabe, O. Zhou, and H. Nakano, “Efficient water-window X-ray pulse generation from femtosecond-laser-produced plasma by using a carbon nanotube target,” Appl. Phys. B 78(7-8), 885–890 (2004).
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Nisoli, M.

Normand, D.

S. Dobosz, M. Schmidt, M. Pedrix, P. Meynadier, O. Gobert, D. Normand, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, and N. E. Andreev, “Characteristic features of the X-ray spectra of a plasma produced by heating CO2 clusters by intense femtosecond laser pulses with λ=0.8 and 0.4µm,” JETP Lett. 68(6), 485–491 (1998).
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L. M. Chen, M. Kando, J. Ma, H. Kotaki, Y. Fukuda, Y. Hayashi, I. Daito, T. Homma, K. Ogura, M. Mori, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. Koga, H. Daido, S. V. Bulanov, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, and Y. Kato, “Phase-contrast X-ray imaging with intense Ar Kα radiation from femtosecond-laser-driven gas target,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(21), 211501 (2007).
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Okada, H.

Oliveira, P.

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, P. Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “On the interaction of femtosecond laser pulses with cluster targets,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(1), 73–83 (2002).
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S. Dobosz, M. Schmidt, M. Pedrix, P. Meynadier, O. Gobert, D. Normand, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, and N. E. Andreev, “Characteristic features of the X-ray spectra of a plasma produced by heating CO2 clusters by intense femtosecond laser pulses with λ=0.8 and 0.4µm,” JETP Lett. 68(6), 485–491 (1998).
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T. Ditmire, T. Donnelly, A. M. Rubenchik, R. W. Falcone, and M. D. Perry, “Interaction of intense laser pulses with atomic clusters,” Phys. Rev. A 53(5), 3379–3402 (1996).
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Y. Hayashi, A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, Y. Fukuda, A. Faenov, K. Kawase, T. Pikuz, T. Nakamura, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, and S. V. Bulanov, “Efficient generation of Xe K-shell x rays by high-contrast interaction with submicrometer clusters,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1614–1616 (2011).
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A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, T. Homma, K. Kawase, I. Skobelev, S. Gasilov, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, and S. Bulanov, “Metrology of wide field of view nano-thickness foils’ homogeneity by conventional and phase contrast soft X-ray Imaging,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(6), 06GK03 (2010).
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Y. Fukuda, A. Y. Faenov, T. Pikuz, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, I. Daito, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Homma, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft X-ray source for nanostructure imaging using femtosecond-laser-irradiated clusters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(12), 121110 (2008).
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F. Calegari, G. Valentini, C. Vozzi, E. Benedetti, J. Cabanillas-Gonzalez, A. Faenov, S. Gasilov, T. Pikuz, L. Poletto, G. Sansone, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Elemental sensitivity in soft x-ray imaging with a laser-plasma source and a color center detector,” Opt. Lett. 32(17), 2593–2595 (2007).
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F. Calegari, S. Stagira, C. D’Andrea, G. Valentini, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, A. Faenov, and T. Pikuz, “Table-top soft X-ray imaging of nanometric films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(11), 111122 (2006).
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Pikuz, T. A.

A. Ya. Faenov, I. Yu. Skobelev, T. A. Pikuz, V. E. Fortov, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, L. M. Chen, L. Zhang, W. C. Yan, D. W. Yuan, J. Y. Mao, Z. H. Wang, J. Colgan, and J. Abdallah, Jr., “Diagnostics of the early stage of the heating of clusters by a femtosecond laser pulse from the spectra of hollow ions,” JETP Lett. 94(3), 171–176 (2011).
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J. Colgan, J. Abdallah, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, Y. Fukuda, Y. Hayashi, A. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Shimomura, H. Kiriyama, Y. Kato, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Observation and modeling of high resolution spectral features of the inner-shell X-ray emission produced by 10-10 contrast femtosecond-pulse laser irradiation of argon clusters,” High Energy Density Phys. 7(2), 77–83 (2011).
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Y. Hayashi, Y. Fukuda, A. Y. Faenov, M. Kando, K. Kawase, T. A. Pikuz, T. Homma, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Intense and reproducible Kα emissions from micron-sized Kr cluster target irradiated with intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(12), 126401 (2010).
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S. V. Gasilov, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, T. Kawachi, I. Yu. Skobelev, H. Daido, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Wide-field-of-view phase-contrast imaging of nanostructures with a comparatively large polychromatic soft x-ray plasma source,” Opt. Lett. 34(21), 3268–3270 (2009).
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T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, S. V. Gasilov, I. Yu. Skobelev, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, T. Homma, K. Kawase, Y. Hayashi, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Propagation-based phase-contrast enhancement of nanostructure images using a debris-free femtosecond-laser-driven cluster-based plasma soft x-ray source and an LiF crystal detector,” Appl. Opt. 48(32), 6271–6276 (2009).
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M. E. Sherrill, J. Abdallah, G. Csanak, E. S. Dodd, Y. Fukuda, Y. Akahane, M. Aoyama, N. Inoue, H. Ueda, K. Yamakawa, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Spectroscopic characterization of an ultrashort-pulse-laser-driven Ar cluster target incorporating both Boltzmann and particle-in-cell models,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 73(6), 066404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, P. Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “On the interaction of femtosecond laser pulses with cluster targets,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(1), 73–83 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, T. Auguste, P. D’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, S. Dobosz, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. S. Boldarev, and V. A. Gasilov, “Spatially resolved x-ray spectroscopy investigation of femtosecond laser irradiated Ar clusters,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 65(33 Pt 2B), 036410 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, S. Dobosz, P. d’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Baidin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “X-ray spectroscopy diagnostic of a plasma produced by femtosecond laser pulses irradiating a cluster target,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(5), 966–976 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Evidence of supercritical density in 45-fs-laser-irradiated Ar-cluster plasmas,” Phys. Rev. A 66(3), 033204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Abdallah, A. Ya. Faenov, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. I. Magnunov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Auguste, P. D’Oliveira, S. Hulin, and P. Monot, “Hot-electron influence on the X-ray emission spectra of Ar clusters heated by a high-intensity 60-fs laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 63(3), 032706 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, F. Blasco, C. Stenz, F. Salin, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Observation of H-like ions within argon clusters irradiated by 35-fs laser via high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 64(2), 021201 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, F. Salin, C. Stenz, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Badin, G. C. Junkel-Vives, and J. Abdallah., “Influence of ultrashort laser pulse duration on the X-ray emission spectrum of plasma produced in cluster target,” JETP Lett. 74(7), 375–379 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, F. Blasco, C. Stenz, F. Dorchies, F. Salin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, A. I. Magunov, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Modeling cluster jets as targets for high-power ultrashort laser pulses,” JETP Lett. 73(10), 514–518 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Auguste, P. D’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, J. Abdallah, A. Ya. Faenov, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. I. Magunov, and T. A. Pikuz, “The role of the prepulse in cluster heating by a high-power femtosecond laser pulse,” JETP Lett. 72(2), 38–41 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Dobosz, M. Schmidt, M. Pedrix, P. Meynadier, O. Gobert, D. Normand, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, and N. E. Andreev, “Characteristic features of the X-ray spectra of a plasma produced by heating CO2 clusters by intense femtosecond laser pulses with λ=0.8 and 0.4µm,” JETP Lett. 68(6), 485–491 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pirozhkov, A.

J. Colgan, J. Abdallah, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, Y. Fukuda, Y. Hayashi, A. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Shimomura, H. Kiriyama, Y. Kato, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Observation and modeling of high resolution spectral features of the inner-shell X-ray emission produced by 10-10 contrast femtosecond-pulse laser irradiation of argon clusters,” High Energy Density Phys. 7(2), 77–83 (2011).
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Pirozhkov, A. S.

Y. Hayashi, A. S. Pirozhkov, M. Kando, Y. Fukuda, A. Faenov, K. Kawase, T. Pikuz, T. Nakamura, H. Kiriyama, H. Okada, and S. V. Bulanov, “Efficient generation of Xe K-shell x rays by high-contrast interaction with submicrometer clusters,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1614–1616 (2011).
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L. M. Chen, M. Kando, J. Ma, H. Kotaki, Y. Fukuda, Y. Hayashi, I. Daito, T. Homma, K. Ogura, M. Mori, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. Koga, H. Daido, S. V. Bulanov, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, and Y. Kato, “Phase-contrast X-ray imaging with intense Ar Kα radiation from femtosecond-laser-driven gas target,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(21), 211501 (2007).
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Popova, V. V.

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, S. Dobosz, P. d’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Baidin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “X-ray spectroscopy diagnostic of a plasma produced by femtosecond laser pulses irradiating a cluster target,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(5), 966–976 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, F. Salin, C. Stenz, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Badin, G. C. Junkel-Vives, and J. Abdallah., “Influence of ultrashort laser pulse duration on the X-ray emission spectrum of plasma produced in cluster target,” JETP Lett. 74(7), 375–379 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rose-Petruck, C.

C. M. Laperle, P. Wintermeyer, J. R. Wands, D. Shi, N. Anastasio, X. Li, B. Ahr, G. J. Diebold, and C. Rose-Petruck, “Propagation based differential phase contrast imaging and tomography of murine tissue with a laser plasma X-ray source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 173901 (2007).
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N. L. Kugland, C. G. Constantin, P. Neumayer, H.-K. Chung, A. Collette, E. L. Dewald, D. H. Froula, S. H. Glenzer, A. Kemp, A. L. Kritcher, J. S. Ross, and C. Niemann, “High Kα X-ray conversion efficiency from extended source gas jet targets irradiated by ultra short laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 241504 (2008).
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T. Ditmire, T. Donnelly, A. M. Rubenchik, R. W. Falcone, and M. D. Perry, “Interaction of intense laser pulses with atomic clusters,” Phys. Rev. A 53(5), 3379–3402 (1996).
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Salin, F.

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, S. Dobosz, P. d’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Baidin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “X-ray spectroscopy diagnostic of a plasma produced by femtosecond laser pulses irradiating a cluster target,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(5), 966–976 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Evidence of supercritical density in 45-fs-laser-irradiated Ar-cluster plasmas,” Phys. Rev. A 66(3), 033204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, P. Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “On the interaction of femtosecond laser pulses with cluster targets,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(1), 73–83 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, F. Blasco, C. Stenz, F. Dorchies, F. Salin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, A. I. Magunov, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Modeling cluster jets as targets for high-power ultrashort laser pulses,” JETP Lett. 73(10), 514–518 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, F. Salin, C. Stenz, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Badin, G. C. Junkel-Vives, and J. Abdallah., “Influence of ultrashort laser pulse duration on the X-ray emission spectrum of plasma produced in cluster target,” JETP Lett. 74(7), 375–379 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, F. Blasco, C. Stenz, F. Salin, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Observation of H-like ions within argon clusters irradiated by 35-fs laser via high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 64(2), 021201 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sansone, G.

Schmidt, M.

S. Dobosz, M. Schmidt, M. Pedrix, P. Meynadier, O. Gobert, D. Normand, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, and N. E. Andreev, “Characteristic features of the X-ray spectra of a plasma produced by heating CO2 clusters by intense femtosecond laser pulses with λ=0.8 and 0.4µm,” JETP Lett. 68(6), 485–491 (1998).
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Servol, M.

R. Toth, S. Fourmaux, T. Ozaki, M. Servol, J. C. Kieffer, R. E. Kincaid, and A. Krol, “Evaluation of ultrafast laser-based hard X-ray sources for phase-contrast imaging,” Phys. Plasmas 14(5), 053506 (2007).
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Sharkov, B. Y.

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, S. Dobosz, P. d’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Baidin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “X-ray spectroscopy diagnostic of a plasma produced by femtosecond laser pulses irradiating a cluster target,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(5), 966–976 (2002).
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I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, P. Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “On the interaction of femtosecond laser pulses with cluster targets,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(1), 73–83 (2002).
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Sheng, Z. M.

L. M. Chen, F. Liu, W. M. Wang, M. Kando, J. Y. Mao, L. Zhang, J. L. Ma, Y. T. Li, S. V. Bulanov, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, Z. M. Sheng, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Intense high-contrast femtosecond K-shell x-ray source from laser-driven Ar clusters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(21), 215004 (2010).
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M. E. Sherrill, J. Abdallah, G. Csanak, E. S. Dodd, Y. Fukuda, Y. Akahane, M. Aoyama, N. Inoue, H. Ueda, K. Yamakawa, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Spectroscopic characterization of an ultrashort-pulse-laser-driven Ar cluster target incorporating both Boltzmann and particle-in-cell models,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 73(6), 066404 (2006).
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Shi, D.

C. M. Laperle, P. Wintermeyer, J. R. Wands, D. Shi, N. Anastasio, X. Li, B. Ahr, G. J. Diebold, and C. Rose-Petruck, “Propagation based differential phase contrast imaging and tomography of murine tissue with a laser plasma X-ray source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 173901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shimomura, T.

J. Colgan, J. Abdallah, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, Y. Fukuda, Y. Hayashi, A. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Shimomura, H. Kiriyama, Y. Kato, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Observation and modeling of high resolution spectral features of the inner-shell X-ray emission produced by 10-10 contrast femtosecond-pulse laser irradiation of argon clusters,” High Energy Density Phys. 7(2), 77–83 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Skobelev, I.

A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, T. Homma, K. Kawase, I. Skobelev, S. Gasilov, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, and S. Bulanov, “Metrology of wide field of view nano-thickness foils’ homogeneity by conventional and phase contrast soft X-ray Imaging,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(6), 06GK03 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Skobelev, I. Yu.

J. Colgan, J. Abdallah, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, Y. Fukuda, Y. Hayashi, A. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Shimomura, H. Kiriyama, Y. Kato, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Observation and modeling of high resolution spectral features of the inner-shell X-ray emission produced by 10-10 contrast femtosecond-pulse laser irradiation of argon clusters,” High Energy Density Phys. 7(2), 77–83 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Ya. Faenov, I. Yu. Skobelev, T. A. Pikuz, V. E. Fortov, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, L. M. Chen, L. Zhang, W. C. Yan, D. W. Yuan, J. Y. Mao, Z. H. Wang, J. Colgan, and J. Abdallah, Jr., “Diagnostics of the early stage of the heating of clusters by a femtosecond laser pulse from the spectra of hollow ions,” JETP Lett. 94(3), 171–176 (2011).
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T. A. Pikuz, A. Ya. Faenov, S. V. Gasilov, I. Yu. Skobelev, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, T. Homma, K. Kawase, Y. Hayashi, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Propagation-based phase-contrast enhancement of nanostructure images using a debris-free femtosecond-laser-driven cluster-based plasma soft x-ray source and an LiF crystal detector,” Appl. Opt. 48(32), 6271–6276 (2009).
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S. V. Gasilov, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, T. Kawachi, I. Yu. Skobelev, H. Daido, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Wide-field-of-view phase-contrast imaging of nanostructures with a comparatively large polychromatic soft x-ray plasma source,” Opt. Lett. 34(21), 3268–3270 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. E. Sherrill, J. Abdallah, G. Csanak, E. S. Dodd, Y. Fukuda, Y. Akahane, M. Aoyama, N. Inoue, H. Ueda, K. Yamakawa, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Spectroscopic characterization of an ultrashort-pulse-laser-driven Ar cluster target incorporating both Boltzmann and particle-in-cell models,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 73(6), 066404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, P. Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “On the interaction of femtosecond laser pulses with cluster targets,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(1), 73–83 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Evidence of supercritical density in 45-fs-laser-irradiated Ar-cluster plasmas,” Phys. Rev. A 66(3), 033204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, S. Dobosz, P. d’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Baidin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “X-ray spectroscopy diagnostic of a plasma produced by femtosecond laser pulses irradiating a cluster target,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(5), 966–976 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, T. Auguste, P. D’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, S. Dobosz, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. S. Boldarev, and V. A. Gasilov, “Spatially resolved x-ray spectroscopy investigation of femtosecond laser irradiated Ar clusters,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 65(33 Pt 2B), 036410 (2002).
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A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, F. Salin, C. Stenz, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Badin, G. C. Junkel-Vives, and J. Abdallah., “Influence of ultrashort laser pulse duration on the X-ray emission spectrum of plasma produced in cluster target,” JETP Lett. 74(7), 375–379 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, F. Blasco, C. Stenz, F. Salin, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Observation of H-like ions within argon clusters irradiated by 35-fs laser via high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 64(2), 021201 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Abdallah, A. Ya. Faenov, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. I. Magnunov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Auguste, P. D’Oliveira, S. Hulin, and P. Monot, “Hot-electron influence on the X-ray emission spectra of Ar clusters heated by a high-intensity 60-fs laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 63(3), 032706 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, F. Blasco, C. Stenz, F. Dorchies, F. Salin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, A. I. Magunov, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Modeling cluster jets as targets for high-power ultrashort laser pulses,” JETP Lett. 73(10), 514–518 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Auguste, P. D’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, J. Abdallah, A. Ya. Faenov, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. I. Magunov, and T. A. Pikuz, “The role of the prepulse in cluster heating by a high-power femtosecond laser pulse,” JETP Lett. 72(2), 38–41 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Dobosz, M. Schmidt, M. Pedrix, P. Meynadier, O. Gobert, D. Normand, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, and N. E. Andreev, “Characteristic features of the X-ray spectra of a plasma produced by heating CO2 clusters by intense femtosecond laser pulses with λ=0.8 and 0.4µm,” JETP Lett. 68(6), 485–491 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Stagira, S.

Stenz, C.

F. Dorchies, F. Blasco, T. Caillaud, J. Stevefelt, C. Stenz, A. S. Boldarev, and V. A. Gasilov, “Spatial distribution of cluster size and density in supersonic jets as targets for intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 68(2), 023201 (2003).
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A. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, and C. Stenz, “Experimental and numerical studies of structure of cluster targets for femtosecond laser pulses,” Proc. SPIE 5228, 446–454 (2003).
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I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, P. Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “On the interaction of femtosecond laser pulses with cluster targets,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(1), 73–83 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Evidence of supercritical density in 45-fs-laser-irradiated Ar-cluster plasmas,” Phys. Rev. A 66(3), 033204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, S. Dobosz, P. d’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Baidin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “X-ray spectroscopy diagnostic of a plasma produced by femtosecond laser pulses irradiating a cluster target,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(5), 966–976 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, F. Blasco, C. Stenz, F. Salin, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Observation of H-like ions within argon clusters irradiated by 35-fs laser via high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 64(2), 021201 (2001).
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A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, F. Salin, C. Stenz, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Badin, G. C. Junkel-Vives, and J. Abdallah., “Influence of ultrashort laser pulse duration on the X-ray emission spectrum of plasma produced in cluster target,” JETP Lett. 74(7), 375–379 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, F. Blasco, C. Stenz, F. Dorchies, F. Salin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, A. I. Magunov, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Modeling cluster jets as targets for high-power ultrashort laser pulses,” JETP Lett. 73(10), 514–518 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Stevefelt, J.

F. Dorchies, F. Blasco, T. Caillaud, J. Stevefelt, C. Stenz, A. S. Boldarev, and V. A. Gasilov, “Spatial distribution of cluster size and density in supersonic jets as targets for intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 68(2), 023201 (2003).
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H. A. Sumeruk, S. Kneip, D. R. Symes, I. V. Churina, A. V. Belolipetski, T. D. Donnelly, and T. Ditmire, “Control of strong-laser-field coupling to electrons in solid targets with wavelength-scale spheres,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(4), 045001 (2007).
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Symes, D. R.

H. A. Sumeruk, S. Kneip, D. R. Symes, I. V. Churina, A. V. Belolipetski, T. D. Donnelly, and T. Ditmire, “Control of strong-laser-field coupling to electrons in solid targets with wavelength-scale spheres,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(4), 045001 (2007).
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Tajima, T.

A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, T. Homma, K. Kawase, I. Skobelev, S. Gasilov, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, and S. Bulanov, “Metrology of wide field of view nano-thickness foils’ homogeneity by conventional and phase contrast soft X-ray Imaging,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(6), 06GK03 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Chen, F. Liu, W. M. Wang, M. Kando, J. Y. Mao, L. Zhang, J. L. Ma, Y. T. Li, S. V. Bulanov, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, Z. M. Sheng, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Intense high-contrast femtosecond K-shell x-ray source from laser-driven Ar clusters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(21), 215004 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Fukuda, A. Y. Faenov, T. Pikuz, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, I. Daito, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Homma, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft X-ray source for nanostructure imaging using femtosecond-laser-irradiated clusters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(12), 121110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Chen, M. Kando, J. Ma, H. Kotaki, Y. Fukuda, Y. Hayashi, I. Daito, T. Homma, K. Ogura, M. Mori, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. Koga, H. Daido, S. V. Bulanov, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, and Y. Kato, “Phase-contrast X-ray imaging with intense Ar Kα radiation from femtosecond-laser-driven gas target,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(21), 211501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Teng, H.

Toth, R.

R. Toth, S. Fourmaux, T. Ozaki, M. Servol, J. C. Kieffer, R. E. Kincaid, and A. Krol, “Evaluation of ultrafast laser-based hard X-ray sources for phase-contrast imaging,” Phys. Plasmas 14(5), 053506 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, H.

M. E. Sherrill, J. Abdallah, G. Csanak, E. S. Dodd, Y. Fukuda, Y. Akahane, M. Aoyama, N. Inoue, H. Ueda, K. Yamakawa, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Spectroscopic characterization of an ultrashort-pulse-laser-driven Ar cluster target incorporating both Boltzmann and particle-in-cell models,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 73(6), 066404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Valentini, G.

Villoresi, P.

Vozzi, C.

Wands, J. R.

C. M. Laperle, P. Wintermeyer, J. R. Wands, D. Shi, N. Anastasio, X. Li, B. Ahr, G. J. Diebold, and C. Rose-Petruck, “Propagation based differential phase contrast imaging and tomography of murine tissue with a laser plasma X-ray source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 173901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S.-J.

Wang, W. M.

L. M. Chen, F. Liu, W. M. Wang, M. Kando, J. Y. Mao, L. Zhang, J. L. Ma, Y. T. Li, S. V. Bulanov, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, Z. M. Sheng, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Intense high-contrast femtosecond K-shell x-ray source from laser-driven Ar clusters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(21), 215004 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Z.

Wang, Z. H.

A. Ya. Faenov, I. Yu. Skobelev, T. A. Pikuz, V. E. Fortov, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, L. M. Chen, L. Zhang, W. C. Yan, D. W. Yuan, J. Y. Mao, Z. H. Wang, J. Colgan, and J. Abdallah, Jr., “Diagnostics of the early stage of the heating of clusters by a femtosecond laser pulse from the spectra of hollow ions,” JETP Lett. 94(3), 171–176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.-H.

Watanabe, Y.

T. Nishikawa, S. Suzuki, Y. Watanabe, O. Zhou, and H. Nakano, “Efficient water-window X-ray pulse generation from femtosecond-laser-produced plasma by using a carbon nanotube target,” Appl. Phys. B 78(7-8), 885–890 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wei, Z.

Wei, Z. Y.

L. M. Chen, F. Liu, W. M. Wang, M. Kando, J. Y. Mao, L. Zhang, J. L. Ma, Y. T. Li, S. V. Bulanov, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, Z. M. Sheng, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Intense high-contrast femtosecond K-shell x-ray source from laser-driven Ar clusters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(21), 215004 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wei, Z.-Y.

Wintermeyer, P.

C. M. Laperle, P. Wintermeyer, J. R. Wands, D. Shi, N. Anastasio, X. Li, B. Ahr, G. J. Diebold, and C. Rose-Petruck, “Propagation based differential phase contrast imaging and tomography of murine tissue with a laser plasma X-ray source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 173901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, K.

A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, A. Ya. Faenov, Y. Fukuda, and K. Yamada, “Gas-cluster targets for femtosecond laser interaction: modeling and optimization,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77(8), 083112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yamakawa, K.

M. E. Sherrill, J. Abdallah, G. Csanak, E. S. Dodd, Y. Fukuda, Y. Akahane, M. Aoyama, N. Inoue, H. Ueda, K. Yamakawa, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Spectroscopic characterization of an ultrashort-pulse-laser-driven Ar cluster target incorporating both Boltzmann and particle-in-cell models,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 73(6), 066404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yan, W. C.

A. Ya. Faenov, I. Yu. Skobelev, T. A. Pikuz, V. E. Fortov, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, L. M. Chen, L. Zhang, W. C. Yan, D. W. Yuan, J. Y. Mao, Z. H. Wang, J. Colgan, and J. Abdallah, Jr., “Diagnostics of the early stage of the heating of clusters by a femtosecond laser pulse from the spectra of hollow ions,” JETP Lett. 94(3), 171–176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, D. W.

A. Ya. Faenov, I. Yu. Skobelev, T. A. Pikuz, V. E. Fortov, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, L. M. Chen, L. Zhang, W. C. Yan, D. W. Yuan, J. Y. Mao, Z. H. Wang, J. Colgan, and J. Abdallah, Jr., “Diagnostics of the early stage of the heating of clusters by a femtosecond laser pulse from the spectra of hollow ions,” JETP Lett. 94(3), 171–176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

L. M. Chen, F. Liu, W. M. Wang, M. Kando, J. Y. Mao, L. Zhang, J. L. Ma, Y. T. Li, S. V. Bulanov, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, Z. M. Sheng, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Intense high-contrast femtosecond K-shell x-ray source from laser-driven Ar clusters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(21), 215004 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Liu, L.-M. Chen, X.-X. Lin, F. Liu, J.-L. Ma, R.-Z. Li, Y.-T. Li, Z.-H. Wang, S.-J. Wang, Z.-Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “K-shell x-ray emission enhancement via self-guided propagation of intense laser pulses in Ar clusters,” Opt. Express 17(19), 16379–16384 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, L.

A. Ya. Faenov, I. Yu. Skobelev, T. A. Pikuz, V. E. Fortov, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, L. M. Chen, L. Zhang, W. C. Yan, D. W. Yuan, J. Y. Mao, Z. H. Wang, J. Colgan, and J. Abdallah, Jr., “Diagnostics of the early stage of the heating of clusters by a femtosecond laser pulse from the spectra of hollow ions,” JETP Lett. 94(3), 171–176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Chen, F. Liu, W. M. Wang, M. Kando, J. Y. Mao, L. Zhang, J. L. Ma, Y. T. Li, S. V. Bulanov, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, Z. M. Sheng, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Intense high-contrast femtosecond K-shell x-ray source from laser-driven Ar clusters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(21), 215004 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, Q.

Zhou, O.

T. Nishikawa, S. Suzuki, Y. Watanabe, O. Zhou, and H. Nakano, “Efficient water-window X-ray pulse generation from femtosecond-laser-produced plasma by using a carbon nanotube target,” Appl. Phys. B 78(7-8), 885–890 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zigler, A.

T. Palchan, S. Pecker, Z. Henis, S. Eisenmann, and A. Zigler, “Efficient coupling of high intensity short laser pulses into snow clusters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(4), 041501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

T. Nishikawa, S. Suzuki, Y. Watanabe, O. Zhou, and H. Nakano, “Efficient water-window X-ray pulse generation from femtosecond-laser-produced plasma by using a carbon nanotube target,” Appl. Phys. B 78(7-8), 885–890 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

L. M. Chen, M. Kando, J. Ma, H. Kotaki, Y. Fukuda, Y. Hayashi, I. Daito, T. Homma, K. Ogura, M. Mori, A. S. Pirozhkov, J. Koga, H. Daido, S. V. Bulanov, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, and Y. Kato, “Phase-contrast X-ray imaging with intense Ar Kα radiation from femtosecond-laser-driven gas target,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(21), 211501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Laperle, P. Wintermeyer, J. R. Wands, D. Shi, N. Anastasio, X. Li, B. Ahr, G. J. Diebold, and C. Rose-Petruck, “Propagation based differential phase contrast imaging and tomography of murine tissue with a laser plasma X-ray source,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 173901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fukuda, A. Y. Faenov, T. Pikuz, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, I. Daito, J. Ma, L. M. Chen, T. Homma, K. Kawase, T. Kameshima, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, T. Kimura, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, and S. V. Bulanov, “Soft X-ray source for nanostructure imaging using femtosecond-laser-irradiated clusters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(12), 121110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Calegari, S. Stagira, C. D’Andrea, G. Valentini, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, A. Faenov, and T. Pikuz, “Table-top soft X-ray imaging of nanometric films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(11), 111122 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Palchan, S. Pecker, Z. Henis, S. Eisenmann, and A. Zigler, “Efficient coupling of high intensity short laser pulses into snow clusters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(4), 041501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. L. Kugland, C. G. Constantin, P. Neumayer, H.-K. Chung, A. Collette, E. L. Dewald, D. H. Froula, S. H. Glenzer, A. Kemp, A. L. Kritcher, J. S. Ross, and C. Niemann, “High Kα X-ray conversion efficiency from extended source gas jet targets irradiated by ultra short laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 241504 (2008).
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High Energy Density Phys. (1)

J. Colgan, J. Abdallah, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, Y. Fukuda, Y. Hayashi, A. Pirozhkov, K. Kawase, T. Shimomura, H. Kiriyama, Y. Kato, S. V. Bulanov, and M. Kando, “Observation and modeling of high resolution spectral features of the inner-shell X-ray emission produced by 10-10 contrast femtosecond-pulse laser irradiation of argon clusters,” High Energy Density Phys. 7(2), 77–83 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Exp. Theor. Phys. (2)

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, P. Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “On the interaction of femtosecond laser pulses with cluster targets,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(1), 73–83 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, J. Abdallach, G. C. Junkel-Vives, T. Auguste, S. Dobosz, P. d’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Baidin, and B. Y. Sharkov, “X-ray spectroscopy diagnostic of a plasma produced by femtosecond laser pulses irradiating a cluster target,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 94(5), 966–976 (2002).
[CrossRef]

JETP Lett. (5)

A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. Ya. Faenov, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, F. Salin, C. Stenz, P. A. Loboda, I. A. Litvinenko, V. V. Popova, G. V. Badin, G. C. Junkel-Vives, and J. Abdallah., “Influence of ultrashort laser pulse duration on the X-ray emission spectrum of plasma produced in cluster target,” JETP Lett. 74(7), 375–379 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, F. Blasco, C. Stenz, F. Dorchies, F. Salin, A. Ya. Faenov, T. A. Pikuz, A. I. Magunov, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Modeling cluster jets as targets for high-power ultrashort laser pulses,” JETP Lett. 73(10), 514–518 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Dobosz, M. Schmidt, M. Pedrix, P. Meynadier, O. Gobert, D. Normand, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, and N. E. Andreev, “Characteristic features of the X-ray spectra of a plasma produced by heating CO2 clusters by intense femtosecond laser pulses with λ=0.8 and 0.4µm,” JETP Lett. 68(6), 485–491 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Auguste, P. D’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, J. Abdallah, A. Ya. Faenov, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. I. Magunov, and T. A. Pikuz, “The role of the prepulse in cluster heating by a high-power femtosecond laser pulse,” JETP Lett. 72(2), 38–41 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Ya. Faenov, I. Yu. Skobelev, T. A. Pikuz, V. E. Fortov, A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, L. M. Chen, L. Zhang, W. C. Yan, D. W. Yuan, J. Y. Mao, Z. H. Wang, J. Colgan, and J. Abdallah, Jr., “Diagnostics of the early stage of the heating of clusters by a femtosecond laser pulse from the spectra of hollow ions,” JETP Lett. 94(3), 171–176 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (2)

A. Faenov, T. Pikuz, Y. Fukuda, M. Kando, H. Kotaki, T. Homma, K. Kawase, I. Skobelev, S. Gasilov, T. Kawachi, H. Daido, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, and S. Bulanov, “Metrology of wide field of view nano-thickness foils’ homogeneity by conventional and phase contrast soft X-ray Imaging,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(6), 06GK03 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hayashi, Y. Fukuda, A. Y. Faenov, M. Kando, K. Kawase, T. A. Pikuz, T. Homma, H. Daido, and S. V. Bulanov, “Intense and reproducible Kα emissions from micron-sized Kr cluster target irradiated with intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(12), 126401 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

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[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Plasmas (1)

R. Toth, S. Fourmaux, T. Ozaki, M. Servol, J. C. Kieffer, R. E. Kincaid, and A. Krol, “Evaluation of ultrafast laser-based hard X-ray sources for phase-contrast imaging,” Phys. Plasmas 14(5), 053506 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (5)

J. Abdallah, A. Ya. Faenov, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. I. Magnunov, T. A. Pikuz, T. Auguste, P. D’Oliveira, S. Hulin, and P. Monot, “Hot-electron influence on the X-ray emission spectra of Ar clusters heated by a high-intensity 60-fs laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 63(3), 032706 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, F. Blasco, C. Stenz, F. Salin, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Observation of H-like ions within argon clusters irradiated by 35-fs laser via high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. A 64(2), 021201 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, T. Caillaud, C. Bonte, C. Stenz, F. Salin, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Evidence of supercritical density in 45-fs-laser-irradiated Ar-cluster plasmas,” Phys. Rev. A 66(3), 033204 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Ditmire, T. Donnelly, A. M. Rubenchik, R. W. Falcone, and M. D. Perry, “Interaction of intense laser pulses with atomic clusters,” Phys. Rev. A 53(5), 3379–3402 (1996).
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F. Dorchies, F. Blasco, T. Caillaud, J. Stevefelt, C. Stenz, A. S. Boldarev, and V. A. Gasilov, “Spatial distribution of cluster size and density in supersonic jets as targets for intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 68(2), 023201 (2003).
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Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. (2)

M. E. Sherrill, J. Abdallah, G. Csanak, E. S. Dodd, Y. Fukuda, Y. Akahane, M. Aoyama, N. Inoue, H. Ueda, K. Yamakawa, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, and I. Yu. Skobelev, “Spectroscopic characterization of an ultrashort-pulse-laser-driven Ar cluster target incorporating both Boltzmann and particle-in-cell models,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 73(6), 066404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. C. Junkel-Vives, J. Abdallah, T. Auguste, P. D’Oliveira, S. Hulin, P. Monot, S. Dobosz, A. Ya. Faenov, A. I. Magunov, T. A. Pikuz, I. Yu. Skobelev, A. S. Boldarev, and V. A. Gasilov, “Spatially resolved x-ray spectroscopy investigation of femtosecond laser irradiated Ar clusters,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 65(33 Pt 2B), 036410 (2002).
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Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

L. M. Chen, F. Liu, W. M. Wang, M. Kando, J. Y. Mao, L. Zhang, J. L. Ma, Y. T. Li, S. V. Bulanov, T. Tajima, Y. Kato, Z. M. Sheng, Z. Y. Wei, and J. Zhang, “Intense high-contrast femtosecond K-shell x-ray source from laser-driven Ar clusters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(21), 215004 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. A. Sumeruk, S. Kneip, D. R. Symes, I. V. Churina, A. V. Belolipetski, T. D. Donnelly, and T. Ditmire, “Control of strong-laser-field coupling to electrons in solid targets with wavelength-scale spheres,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(4), 045001 (2007).
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Proc. SPIE (1)

A. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, F. Blasco, F. Dorchies, and C. Stenz, “Experimental and numerical studies of structure of cluster targets for femtosecond laser pulses,” Proc. SPIE 5228, 446–454 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (3)

A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, A. Ya. Faenov, Y. Fukuda, and K. Yamada, “Gas-cluster targets for femtosecond laser interaction: modeling and optimization,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77(8), 083112 (2006).
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A. S. Boldarev, V. A. Gasilov, and A. Ya. Faenov, “On the generation of large clusters in forming gas-Jet targets for lasers,” Tech. Phys. 49(4), 388–395 (2004).
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Other (6)

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I. C. E. Turcu and J. B. Dance, X-Rays from Laser Plasmas (Wiley, 1998).

D. Attwood, Soft X Rays and Extreme Ultraviolet Radiation: Principle and Application (Cambridge University Press, 1999), 365–385.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Extreme Light-III laser installation. The inset shows a single photon counting state of the X-ray CCD.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Ar cluster target parameters calculated for cross section placed on a distance of 1 mm from the nozzle outlet.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Kr cluster target parameters calculated for cross section placed on a distance of 1 mm from the nozzle outlet.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Typical spectrum obtained in experiment, (a) Ar spectrum and (b) Kr spectrum

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The dependence of the whole space argon Kα flux on the laser contrast, (a) is low contrast on 10−5, (b) is high contrast on 10−10 the laser energy changed from 0.5 J-2 J, an f/10 OAP mirror and 40 bar reservoir pressure used in the experiment. The focal spot is about 30um (FWHM).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Experimental (blue) and theoretical (red) continuum emission spectra of Ar plasma. Laser pulse energy was 1 J, back pressure was 70 bar, and laser contrast was about 10−10. Theoretical spectrum was calculated for Te,hot = 2.85 keV, Te,bulk = 110 eV

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Argon Kα photon yield dependence on the back pressure

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Krypton Kα photon yield dependence on the back pressure.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Single shot imaging of cicada wing

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Hot electron temperatures measured for Ar clusters. Laser pulse energy is 1 J, laser contrast is 10−10.

Tables Icon

Table 3 Hot electron temperatures measured for Ar clusters. Laser contrast is 10−10, back pressure is 40 bar.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Hot electron temperatures measured for Kr clusters. Laser pulse energy is 1 J, laser contrast is 10−10.

Metrics