Abstract

Optical properties of metal island films (MIFs) can be combined with interference of dielectric coatings. A set of multilayer designs containing metal clusters reflecting different colours from front and back side of the coating was obtained by numerical optimization. The chosen designs presenting the range of feasible colours were deposited by electron beam evaporation. Spectrophotometric and ellipsometric measurements verified that the produced coatings present an excellent agreement with the optical performance calculated from the designs. Numerical optimization was verified as a useful method in designing of coatings containing MIFs. This approach can ease the implementation of metal clusters into multilayer designs and broaden the applications of MIFs.

© 2011 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. U. Kreibig and M. Vollmer, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters (Springer, Berlin, 1995).
  2. S. Kachan, O. Stenzel, and A. Ponyavina, “High-absorbing gradient multilayer coatings with silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. B. 84(1-2), 281–287 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. W. Gotschy, K. Vonmetz, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optical dichroism of lithographically designed silver nanoparticle films,” Opt. Lett. 21(15), 1099–1101 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J.-N. Yih, W.-C. Hsu, S.-Y. Tsai, and S.-J. Chen, “Enhanced readout signal of superresolution near-field structure disks by control of the size and distribution of metal nanoclusters,” Appl. Opt. 44(15), 3001–3005 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. Lahav, A. Vaskevich, and I. Rubinstein, “Biological sensing using transmission surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy,” Langmuir 20(18), 7365–7367 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. G. D. Sockalingum, A. Beljebbar, H. Morjani, J. F. Angiboust, and M. Manfait, “Characterization of island films as surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy substrates for detecting low antitumor drug concentrations at single cell level,” Biospectroscopy 4(S5), S71–S78 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. P. Heger, O. Stenzel, and N. Kaiser, “Metal island films for optics,” Proc. SPIE 5250, 21–28 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Husaini, L. Deych, and V. M. Menon, “Plasmon-resonance-induced enhancement of the reflection band in a one-dimensional metal nanocomposite photonic crystal,” Opt. Lett. 36(8), 1368–1370 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. V. Janicki, J. Sancho-Parramon, and H. Zorc, “Gradient silver nanoparticle layers in absorbing coatings-experimental study,” Appl. Opt. 50(9), C228–C231 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. Hövel, B. Gompf, and M. Dressel, “Dielectric properties of ultrathin metal films around the percolation threshold,” Phys. Rev. B 81(3), 035402 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. J. de Vries, E. S. Kooij, H. Wormeester, A. A. Mewe, and B. Poelsema, “Ellipsometric study of percolation in electroless deposited silver films,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(5), 053703 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Sancho-Parramon, V. Janicki, and H. Zorc, “On the dielectric function tuning of random metal-dielectric nanocomposites for metamaterial applications,” Opt. Express 18(26), 26915–26928 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J. Sancho-Parramon, V. Janicki, and H. Zorc, “Tuning the effective dielectric function of thin film metal-dielectric composites by controlling the deposition temperature,” J. Nanophotonics 5(1), 051805/1–051805/8 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. Bulíř, M. Novotný, A. Lynnykova, and J. Lančok, “Preparation of nanostructured ultrathin silver layer,” J. Nanophotonics 5, 051511/1–051511/10 (2011).
  15. T. V. Amotchkina, V. Janicki, J. Sancho-Parramon, A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, and H. Zorc, “General approach to reliable characterization of thin metal films,” Appl. Opt. 50(10), 1453–1464 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. T. V. Amotchkina, M. K. Trubetskov, A. V. Tikhonravov, V. Janicki, J. Sancho-Parramon, and H. Zorc, “Reliable characterization of thin metal-dielectric films,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).
  17. J. A. Dobrowolski, S. Browning, M. Jacobson, and M. Nadal, “2007 topical meeting on optical interference coatings: manufacturing problem,” Appl. Opt. 47(13), C231–C245 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. U. Beckers, O. Stenzel, S. Wilbrandt, U. Falke, and C. von Borczyskowski, “The optical absorption of ultrathin organic molecular films: the thickness dependence of the absorption line position,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 10(8), 1721–1732 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  19. E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic Press, 1985).
  20. T. V. Amotchkina, J. Sancho-Parramon, V. Janicki, M. K. Trubetskov, H. Zorc, and A. V. Tikhonravov, “Design of multilayer coatings containing metal island films,” presented at SPIE Optical System Design 2011, paper 8168–8, Marseille, France, 5–8 2011.
  21. R. W. G. Hunt, Measuring colours (Fountain Press, London, 1998).
  22. A. V. Tikhonravov and M. K. Trubetskov, “OptiLayer thin film software,” http://www.optilayer.com

2011 (5)

2010 (2)

J. Sancho-Parramon, V. Janicki, and H. Zorc, “On the dielectric function tuning of random metal-dielectric nanocomposites for metamaterial applications,” Opt. Express 18(26), 26915–26928 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hövel, B. Gompf, and M. Dressel, “Dielectric properties of ultrathin metal films around the percolation threshold,” Phys. Rev. B 81(3), 035402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

A. J. de Vries, E. S. Kooij, H. Wormeester, A. A. Mewe, and B. Poelsema, “Ellipsometric study of percolation in electroless deposited silver films,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(5), 053703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

S. Kachan, O. Stenzel, and A. Ponyavina, “High-absorbing gradient multilayer coatings with silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. B. 84(1-2), 281–287 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

P. Heger, O. Stenzel, and N. Kaiser, “Metal island films for optics,” Proc. SPIE 5250, 21–28 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Lahav, A. Vaskevich, and I. Rubinstein, “Biological sensing using transmission surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy,” Langmuir 20(18), 7365–7367 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (2)

G. D. Sockalingum, A. Beljebbar, H. Morjani, J. F. Angiboust, and M. Manfait, “Characterization of island films as surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy substrates for detecting low antitumor drug concentrations at single cell level,” Biospectroscopy 4(S5), S71–S78 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Beckers, O. Stenzel, S. Wilbrandt, U. Falke, and C. von Borczyskowski, “The optical absorption of ultrathin organic molecular films: the thickness dependence of the absorption line position,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 10(8), 1721–1732 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

Amotchkina, T. V.

T. V. Amotchkina, V. Janicki, J. Sancho-Parramon, A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, and H. Zorc, “General approach to reliable characterization of thin metal films,” Appl. Opt. 50(10), 1453–1464 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. V. Amotchkina, M. K. Trubetskov, A. V. Tikhonravov, V. Janicki, J. Sancho-Parramon, and H. Zorc, “Reliable characterization of thin metal-dielectric films,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).

Angiboust, J. F.

G. D. Sockalingum, A. Beljebbar, H. Morjani, J. F. Angiboust, and M. Manfait, “Characterization of island films as surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy substrates for detecting low antitumor drug concentrations at single cell level,” Biospectroscopy 4(S5), S71–S78 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aussenegg, F. R.

Beckers, U.

U. Beckers, O. Stenzel, S. Wilbrandt, U. Falke, and C. von Borczyskowski, “The optical absorption of ultrathin organic molecular films: the thickness dependence of the absorption line position,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 10(8), 1721–1732 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Beljebbar, A.

G. D. Sockalingum, A. Beljebbar, H. Morjani, J. F. Angiboust, and M. Manfait, “Characterization of island films as surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy substrates for detecting low antitumor drug concentrations at single cell level,” Biospectroscopy 4(S5), S71–S78 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Browning, S.

Bulír, J.

J. Bulíř, M. Novotný, A. Lynnykova, and J. Lančok, “Preparation of nanostructured ultrathin silver layer,” J. Nanophotonics 5, 051511/1–051511/10 (2011).

Chen, S.-J.

de Vries, A. J.

A. J. de Vries, E. S. Kooij, H. Wormeester, A. A. Mewe, and B. Poelsema, “Ellipsometric study of percolation in electroless deposited silver films,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(5), 053703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Deych, L.

Dobrowolski, J. A.

Dressel, M.

M. Hövel, B. Gompf, and M. Dressel, “Dielectric properties of ultrathin metal films around the percolation threshold,” Phys. Rev. B 81(3), 035402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Falke, U.

U. Beckers, O. Stenzel, S. Wilbrandt, U. Falke, and C. von Borczyskowski, “The optical absorption of ultrathin organic molecular films: the thickness dependence of the absorption line position,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 10(8), 1721–1732 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gompf, B.

M. Hövel, B. Gompf, and M. Dressel, “Dielectric properties of ultrathin metal films around the percolation threshold,” Phys. Rev. B 81(3), 035402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gotschy, W.

Heger, P.

P. Heger, O. Stenzel, and N. Kaiser, “Metal island films for optics,” Proc. SPIE 5250, 21–28 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hövel, M.

M. Hövel, B. Gompf, and M. Dressel, “Dielectric properties of ultrathin metal films around the percolation threshold,” Phys. Rev. B 81(3), 035402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hsu, W.-C.

Husaini, S.

Jacobson, M.

Janicki, V.

Kachan, S.

S. Kachan, O. Stenzel, and A. Ponyavina, “High-absorbing gradient multilayer coatings with silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. B. 84(1-2), 281–287 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, N.

P. Heger, O. Stenzel, and N. Kaiser, “Metal island films for optics,” Proc. SPIE 5250, 21–28 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kooij, E. S.

A. J. de Vries, E. S. Kooij, H. Wormeester, A. A. Mewe, and B. Poelsema, “Ellipsometric study of percolation in electroless deposited silver films,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(5), 053703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lahav, M.

M. Lahav, A. Vaskevich, and I. Rubinstein, “Biological sensing using transmission surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy,” Langmuir 20(18), 7365–7367 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lancok, J.

J. Bulíř, M. Novotný, A. Lynnykova, and J. Lančok, “Preparation of nanostructured ultrathin silver layer,” J. Nanophotonics 5, 051511/1–051511/10 (2011).

Leitner, A.

Lynnykova, A.

J. Bulíř, M. Novotný, A. Lynnykova, and J. Lančok, “Preparation of nanostructured ultrathin silver layer,” J. Nanophotonics 5, 051511/1–051511/10 (2011).

Manfait, M.

G. D. Sockalingum, A. Beljebbar, H. Morjani, J. F. Angiboust, and M. Manfait, “Characterization of island films as surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy substrates for detecting low antitumor drug concentrations at single cell level,” Biospectroscopy 4(S5), S71–S78 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Menon, V. M.

Mewe, A. A.

A. J. de Vries, E. S. Kooij, H. Wormeester, A. A. Mewe, and B. Poelsema, “Ellipsometric study of percolation in electroless deposited silver films,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(5), 053703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Morjani, H.

G. D. Sockalingum, A. Beljebbar, H. Morjani, J. F. Angiboust, and M. Manfait, “Characterization of island films as surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy substrates for detecting low antitumor drug concentrations at single cell level,” Biospectroscopy 4(S5), S71–S78 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nadal, M.

Novotný, M.

J. Bulíř, M. Novotný, A. Lynnykova, and J. Lančok, “Preparation of nanostructured ultrathin silver layer,” J. Nanophotonics 5, 051511/1–051511/10 (2011).

Poelsema, B.

A. J. de Vries, E. S. Kooij, H. Wormeester, A. A. Mewe, and B. Poelsema, “Ellipsometric study of percolation in electroless deposited silver films,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(5), 053703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ponyavina, A.

S. Kachan, O. Stenzel, and A. Ponyavina, “High-absorbing gradient multilayer coatings with silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. B. 84(1-2), 281–287 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rubinstein, I.

M. Lahav, A. Vaskevich, and I. Rubinstein, “Biological sensing using transmission surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy,” Langmuir 20(18), 7365–7367 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sancho-Parramon, J.

Sockalingum, G. D.

G. D. Sockalingum, A. Beljebbar, H. Morjani, J. F. Angiboust, and M. Manfait, “Characterization of island films as surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy substrates for detecting low antitumor drug concentrations at single cell level,” Biospectroscopy 4(S5), S71–S78 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stenzel, O.

S. Kachan, O. Stenzel, and A. Ponyavina, “High-absorbing gradient multilayer coatings with silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. B. 84(1-2), 281–287 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Heger, O. Stenzel, and N. Kaiser, “Metal island films for optics,” Proc. SPIE 5250, 21–28 (2004).
[CrossRef]

U. Beckers, O. Stenzel, S. Wilbrandt, U. Falke, and C. von Borczyskowski, “The optical absorption of ultrathin organic molecular films: the thickness dependence of the absorption line position,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 10(8), 1721–1732 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tikhonravov, A. V.

T. V. Amotchkina, V. Janicki, J. Sancho-Parramon, A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, and H. Zorc, “General approach to reliable characterization of thin metal films,” Appl. Opt. 50(10), 1453–1464 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. V. Amotchkina, M. K. Trubetskov, A. V. Tikhonravov, V. Janicki, J. Sancho-Parramon, and H. Zorc, “Reliable characterization of thin metal-dielectric films,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).

Trubetskov, M. K.

T. V. Amotchkina, V. Janicki, J. Sancho-Parramon, A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, and H. Zorc, “General approach to reliable characterization of thin metal films,” Appl. Opt. 50(10), 1453–1464 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. V. Amotchkina, M. K. Trubetskov, A. V. Tikhonravov, V. Janicki, J. Sancho-Parramon, and H. Zorc, “Reliable characterization of thin metal-dielectric films,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).

Tsai, S.-Y.

Vaskevich, A.

M. Lahav, A. Vaskevich, and I. Rubinstein, “Biological sensing using transmission surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy,” Langmuir 20(18), 7365–7367 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

von Borczyskowski, C.

U. Beckers, O. Stenzel, S. Wilbrandt, U. Falke, and C. von Borczyskowski, “The optical absorption of ultrathin organic molecular films: the thickness dependence of the absorption line position,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 10(8), 1721–1732 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vonmetz, K.

Wilbrandt, S.

U. Beckers, O. Stenzel, S. Wilbrandt, U. Falke, and C. von Borczyskowski, “The optical absorption of ultrathin organic molecular films: the thickness dependence of the absorption line position,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 10(8), 1721–1732 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wormeester, H.

A. J. de Vries, E. S. Kooij, H. Wormeester, A. A. Mewe, and B. Poelsema, “Ellipsometric study of percolation in electroless deposited silver films,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(5), 053703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yih, J.-N.

Zorc, H.

Appl. Opt. (5)

Appl. Phys. B. (1)

S. Kachan, O. Stenzel, and A. Ponyavina, “High-absorbing gradient multilayer coatings with silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. B. 84(1-2), 281–287 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Biospectroscopy (1)

G. D. Sockalingum, A. Beljebbar, H. Morjani, J. F. Angiboust, and M. Manfait, “Characterization of island films as surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy substrates for detecting low antitumor drug concentrations at single cell level,” Biospectroscopy 4(S5), S71–S78 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. J. de Vries, E. S. Kooij, H. Wormeester, A. A. Mewe, and B. Poelsema, “Ellipsometric study of percolation in electroless deposited silver films,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(5), 053703 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Nanophotonics (2)

J. Sancho-Parramon, V. Janicki, and H. Zorc, “Tuning the effective dielectric function of thin film metal-dielectric composites by controlling the deposition temperature,” J. Nanophotonics 5(1), 051805/1–051805/8 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Bulíř, M. Novotný, A. Lynnykova, and J. Lančok, “Preparation of nanostructured ultrathin silver layer,” J. Nanophotonics 5, 051511/1–051511/10 (2011).

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

U. Beckers, O. Stenzel, S. Wilbrandt, U. Falke, and C. von Borczyskowski, “The optical absorption of ultrathin organic molecular films: the thickness dependence of the absorption line position,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 10(8), 1721–1732 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Langmuir (1)

M. Lahav, A. Vaskevich, and I. Rubinstein, “Biological sensing using transmission surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy,” Langmuir 20(18), 7365–7367 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

M. Hövel, B. Gompf, and M. Dressel, “Dielectric properties of ultrathin metal films around the percolation threshold,” Phys. Rev. B 81(3), 035402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

P. Heger, O. Stenzel, and N. Kaiser, “Metal island films for optics,” Proc. SPIE 5250, 21–28 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

U. Kreibig and M. Vollmer, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters (Springer, Berlin, 1995).

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic Press, 1985).

T. V. Amotchkina, J. Sancho-Parramon, V. Janicki, M. K. Trubetskov, H. Zorc, and A. V. Tikhonravov, “Design of multilayer coatings containing metal island films,” presented at SPIE Optical System Design 2011, paper 8168–8, Marseille, France, 5–8 2011.

R. W. G. Hunt, Measuring colours (Fountain Press, London, 1998).

A. V. Tikhonravov and M. K. Trubetskov, “OptiLayer thin film software,” http://www.optilayer.com

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optical constants of Au MIF of 17.6 nm thickness and bulk Au [19] are shown together for comparison.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Photographs of the samples reflection from the front side (above) and back side (below). Numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 correspond to samples TAD32, TAD7a, TAD7b, TAD8b and TAD91, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental (full line) and theoretical (dot) transmittance (T), total loss (L), reflectance from the front side (Ra) and back side (Rb) of the samples.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Designs chosen for deposition.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Comparison of the desired and obtained colour chromaticities.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

F= ( x R a x ^ R a ) 2 + ( y R a y ^ R a ) 2 + ( x R b x ^ R b ) 2 + ( y R b y ^ R b ) 2

Metrics