Abstract

We report a 10 GHz harmonically and regeneratively mode-locked Yb fiber laser with a phase-locked loop (PLL) technique at 1.1 μm. Stable mode locking was achieved by optimizing the average dispersion of the fiber cavity to an anomalous dispersion to operate as a soliton laser. As a result, a 1.1 ps optical pulse with a timing jitter of 140 fs was successfully generated.

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References

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  1. R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(7), 1049–1056 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. Tsujikawa, K. Kurokawa, K. Tajima, K. Nakajima, T. Matsui, I. Sankawa, and K. Shiraki, “Application of a prechirp to 10-Gb/s transmission at 1064 nm through 24 km of photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(19), 2026–2028 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Kurokawa, K. Nakajima, K. Tsujikawa, K. Tajima, T. Matsui, and I. Sankawa, “Penalty-free 40 Gb/s transmission in 1000 nm band over low loss PCF,” OFC2006, OThH2, March 2006.
  4. K. Kurokawa, T. Yamamoto, K. Tajima, A. Aratake, K. Suzuki, and T. Kurashima, “High capacity WDM transmission in 1.0 μm band over low loss PCF using supercontinuum source,” OFC2008, OMH5, Feb. 2008.
  5. N. Yamamoto, H. Sotobayashi, K. Akahane, M. Tsuchiya, K. Takashima, and H. Yokoyama, “1-μm waveband 10-Gbit/s transmission over a 7-km single-mode hole assisted fiber using a harmonically mode-locked semiconductor laser,” CLEO2008, CTuLL4, May 2008.
  6. N. Yamamoto, R. Katouf, K. Akahane, T. Kawanishi, and H. Sotobayashi, “1-μm waveband, 12.5-Gbps transmission with a wavelength tunable single-mode selected quantum-dot optical frequency comb laser,” CLEO2009, CMC5, June 2009.
  7. K. Koizumi, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “10 Gbit/s photonic crystal fiber transmissions with 1.1 μm directly-modulated single-mode VCSEL,” IEICE Electron. Express 6(22), 1615–1620 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. N. G. Usechak, G. P. Agrawal, and J. D. Zuegel, “Tunable, high-repetition-rate, harmonically mode-locked ytterbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 29(12), 1360–1362 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. K. Kurokawa, K. Tajima, and K. Nakajima, “10-GHz 0.5-ps pulse generation in 1000-nm band in PCF for high-speed optical communication,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(1), 75–78 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, “Ultrastable harmonically and regeneratively modelocked polarization-maintaining erbium fiber ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 30(19), 1603–1605 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. Koizumi, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “A 10 GHz 2.5 ps regeneratively mode-locked Yb fiber laser in the 1.1 μm band,” CLEO2011, CMBB3, May 2011.
  12. M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and K. Tamura, “Ideal phase-locked-loop (PLL) operation of a 10 GHz erbium-doped fibre laser using regenerative modelocking as an optical voltage controlled oscillator,” Electron. Lett. 33(15), 1318–1320 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Y. Oikawa, H. Hasegawa, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Ultra-broadband dispersion measurement of photonic crystal fiber with pico-second streak camera and group-delay-free supercontinuum,” Pacific Rim Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO-PR)2005, Tokyo, Japan, CWE2–1, Aug. 2005.
  14. M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, and E. Yoshida, “Supermode noise suppression in a harmonically modelocked fiber laser by selfphase modulation and spectral filtering,” Electron. Lett. 32(5), 461–463 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  15. H. A. Haus and M. N. Islam, “Theory of the soliton laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21(8), 1172–1188 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  16. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press, 2001.)

2009 (1)

K. Koizumi, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “10 Gbit/s photonic crystal fiber transmissions with 1.1 μm directly-modulated single-mode VCSEL,” IEICE Electron. Express 6(22), 1615–1620 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

K. Tsujikawa, K. Kurokawa, K. Tajima, K. Nakajima, T. Matsui, I. Sankawa, and K. Shiraki, “Application of a prechirp to 10-Gb/s transmission at 1064 nm through 24 km of photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(19), 2026–2028 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

1997 (2)

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(7), 1049–1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and K. Tamura, “Ideal phase-locked-loop (PLL) operation of a 10 GHz erbium-doped fibre laser using regenerative modelocking as an optical voltage controlled oscillator,” Electron. Lett. 33(15), 1318–1320 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, and E. Yoshida, “Supermode noise suppression in a harmonically modelocked fiber laser by selfphase modulation and spectral filtering,” Electron. Lett. 32(5), 461–463 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, “Ultrastable harmonically and regeneratively modelocked polarization-maintaining erbium fiber ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 30(19), 1603–1605 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

H. A. Haus and M. N. Islam, “Theory of the soliton laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21(8), 1172–1188 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

Hanna, D. C.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(7), 1049–1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus and M. N. Islam, “Theory of the soliton laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21(8), 1172–1188 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Hirooka, T.

K. Koizumi, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “10 Gbit/s photonic crystal fiber transmissions with 1.1 μm directly-modulated single-mode VCSEL,” IEICE Electron. Express 6(22), 1615–1620 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Islam, M. N.

H. A. Haus and M. N. Islam, “Theory of the soliton laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21(8), 1172–1188 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, Y.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, “Ultrastable harmonically and regeneratively modelocked polarization-maintaining erbium fiber ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 30(19), 1603–1605 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Koizumi, K.

K. Koizumi, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “10 Gbit/s photonic crystal fiber transmissions with 1.1 μm directly-modulated single-mode VCSEL,” IEICE Electron. Express 6(22), 1615–1620 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kurokawa, K.

K. Kurokawa, K. Tajima, and K. Nakajima, “10-GHz 0.5-ps pulse generation in 1000-nm band in PCF for high-speed optical communication,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(1), 75–78 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Tsujikawa, K. Kurokawa, K. Tajima, K. Nakajima, T. Matsui, I. Sankawa, and K. Shiraki, “Application of a prechirp to 10-Gb/s transmission at 1064 nm through 24 km of photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(19), 2026–2028 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Matsui, T.

K. Tsujikawa, K. Kurokawa, K. Tajima, K. Nakajima, T. Matsui, I. Sankawa, and K. Shiraki, “Application of a prechirp to 10-Gb/s transmission at 1064 nm through 24 km of photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(19), 2026–2028 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nakajima, K.

K. Kurokawa, K. Tajima, and K. Nakajima, “10-GHz 0.5-ps pulse generation in 1000-nm band in PCF for high-speed optical communication,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(1), 75–78 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Tsujikawa, K. Kurokawa, K. Tajima, K. Nakajima, T. Matsui, I. Sankawa, and K. Shiraki, “Application of a prechirp to 10-Gb/s transmission at 1064 nm through 24 km of photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(19), 2026–2028 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, M.

K. Koizumi, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “10 Gbit/s photonic crystal fiber transmissions with 1.1 μm directly-modulated single-mode VCSEL,” IEICE Electron. Express 6(22), 1615–1620 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and K. Tamura, “Ideal phase-locked-loop (PLL) operation of a 10 GHz erbium-doped fibre laser using regenerative modelocking as an optical voltage controlled oscillator,” Electron. Lett. 33(15), 1318–1320 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, and E. Yoshida, “Supermode noise suppression in a harmonically modelocked fiber laser by selfphase modulation and spectral filtering,” Electron. Lett. 32(5), 461–463 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, “Ultrastable harmonically and regeneratively modelocked polarization-maintaining erbium fiber ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 30(19), 1603–1605 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(7), 1049–1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Paschotta, R.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(7), 1049–1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sankawa, I.

K. Tsujikawa, K. Kurokawa, K. Tajima, K. Nakajima, T. Matsui, I. Sankawa, and K. Shiraki, “Application of a prechirp to 10-Gb/s transmission at 1064 nm through 24 km of photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(19), 2026–2028 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shiraki, K.

K. Tsujikawa, K. Kurokawa, K. Tajima, K. Nakajima, T. Matsui, I. Sankawa, and K. Shiraki, “Application of a prechirp to 10-Gb/s transmission at 1064 nm through 24 km of photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(19), 2026–2028 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tajima, K.

K. Kurokawa, K. Tajima, and K. Nakajima, “10-GHz 0.5-ps pulse generation in 1000-nm band in PCF for high-speed optical communication,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(1), 75–78 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Tsujikawa, K. Kurokawa, K. Tajima, K. Nakajima, T. Matsui, I. Sankawa, and K. Shiraki, “Application of a prechirp to 10-Gb/s transmission at 1064 nm through 24 km of photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(19), 2026–2028 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, K.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and K. Tamura, “Ideal phase-locked-loop (PLL) operation of a 10 GHz erbium-doped fibre laser using regenerative modelocking as an optical voltage controlled oscillator,” Electron. Lett. 33(15), 1318–1320 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, and E. Yoshida, “Supermode noise suppression in a harmonically modelocked fiber laser by selfphase modulation and spectral filtering,” Electron. Lett. 32(5), 461–463 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tropper, A. C.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(7), 1049–1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tsujikawa, K.

K. Tsujikawa, K. Kurokawa, K. Tajima, K. Nakajima, T. Matsui, I. Sankawa, and K. Shiraki, “Application of a prechirp to 10-Gb/s transmission at 1064 nm through 24 km of photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(19), 2026–2028 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Usechak, N. G.

Yoshida, E.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and K. Tamura, “Ideal phase-locked-loop (PLL) operation of a 10 GHz erbium-doped fibre laser using regenerative modelocking as an optical voltage controlled oscillator,” Electron. Lett. 33(15), 1318–1320 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, and E. Yoshida, “Supermode noise suppression in a harmonically modelocked fiber laser by selfphase modulation and spectral filtering,” Electron. Lett. 32(5), 461–463 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, “Ultrastable harmonically and regeneratively modelocked polarization-maintaining erbium fiber ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 30(19), 1603–1605 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, M.

K. Koizumi, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “10 Gbit/s photonic crystal fiber transmissions with 1.1 μm directly-modulated single-mode VCSEL,” IEICE Electron. Express 6(22), 1615–1620 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zuegel, J. D.

Electron. Lett. (3)

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, “Ultrastable harmonically and regeneratively modelocked polarization-maintaining erbium fiber ring laser,” Electron. Lett. 30(19), 1603–1605 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and K. Tamura, “Ideal phase-locked-loop (PLL) operation of a 10 GHz erbium-doped fibre laser using regenerative modelocking as an optical voltage controlled oscillator,” Electron. Lett. 33(15), 1318–1320 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, and E. Yoshida, “Supermode noise suppression in a harmonically modelocked fiber laser by selfphase modulation and spectral filtering,” Electron. Lett. 32(5), 461–463 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

H. A. Haus and M. N. Islam, “Theory of the soliton laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21(8), 1172–1188 (1985).
[CrossRef]

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(7), 1049–1056 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

K. Tsujikawa, K. Kurokawa, K. Tajima, K. Nakajima, T. Matsui, I. Sankawa, and K. Shiraki, “Application of a prechirp to 10-Gb/s transmission at 1064 nm through 24 km of photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(19), 2026–2028 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Electron. Express (1)

K. Koizumi, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “10 Gbit/s photonic crystal fiber transmissions with 1.1 μm directly-modulated single-mode VCSEL,” IEICE Electron. Express 6(22), 1615–1620 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (7)

K. Koizumi, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “A 10 GHz 2.5 ps regeneratively mode-locked Yb fiber laser in the 1.1 μm band,” CLEO2011, CMBB3, May 2011.

K. Kurokawa, K. Nakajima, K. Tsujikawa, K. Tajima, T. Matsui, and I. Sankawa, “Penalty-free 40 Gb/s transmission in 1000 nm band over low loss PCF,” OFC2006, OThH2, March 2006.

K. Kurokawa, T. Yamamoto, K. Tajima, A. Aratake, K. Suzuki, and T. Kurashima, “High capacity WDM transmission in 1.0 μm band over low loss PCF using supercontinuum source,” OFC2008, OMH5, Feb. 2008.

N. Yamamoto, H. Sotobayashi, K. Akahane, M. Tsuchiya, K. Takashima, and H. Yokoyama, “1-μm waveband 10-Gbit/s transmission over a 7-km single-mode hole assisted fiber using a harmonically mode-locked semiconductor laser,” CLEO2008, CTuLL4, May 2008.

N. Yamamoto, R. Katouf, K. Akahane, T. Kawanishi, and H. Sotobayashi, “1-μm waveband, 12.5-Gbps transmission with a wavelength tunable single-mode selected quantum-dot optical frequency comb laser,” CLEO2009, CMC5, June 2009.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press, 2001.)

Y. Oikawa, H. Hasegawa, M. Yoshida, T. Hirooka, and M. Nakazawa, “Ultra-broadband dispersion measurement of photonic crystal fiber with pico-second streak camera and group-delay-free supercontinuum,” Pacific Rim Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO-PR)2005, Tokyo, Japan, CWE2–1, Aug. 2005.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Configuration of harmonically and regeneratively Yb MLFL.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Cross-section of PM-PCF.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Average dispersion of the fiber cavity as a function of wavelength.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Laser output characteristics versus pump power. (a) Output power, (b) pulse width and TBP.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Optical spectrum and (b) autocorrelation waveform of the laser output pulse (wavelength: 1067 nm, pump power: 300 mW).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) 10 GHz electrical clock signal and (b) SSB phase noise spectrum (wavelength: 1067 nm, pump power: 300 mW).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Pulse width and TBP as a function of wavelength (pump power: 300 mW).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Dispersion map of the fiber laser cavity (blue line) and the numerical result of the change in the pulse width (red line).

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Numerical result of (a) pulse waveform and (b) optical spectrum of the laser output pulse.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Characteristics of PM-PCF

Equations (3)

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P soliton =3.11 λ 2 2πcγ | D ave | τ FWHM 2
i u z =± d( z ) 2 2 u t 2 +γ | u | 2 u
g= g 0 1+P/ P s

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