Abstract

We demonstrate 503MHz fundamental high repetition rate operation in a ring cavity passively mode-locked Yb:fiber laser incorporating a novel wavelength–division-multiplexing collimator and a piece of all-solid photonic bandgap fiber. The Yb doped fiber was directly fabricated as one fiber pigtail into the functional collimator, greatly shortening the cavity length and facilitating the splicing operation. A 5cm long photonic bandgap fiber with abnormal dispersion at the lasing wavelength (centered at 1030nm) decreases the net dispersion for shorter output pulses. The spectral bandwidth of the pulse was 34nm. The direct output pulse was measured to be 156fs and the dechirped pulse was about 76fs. With this innovative Yb:fiber pigtailed WDM collimator, the ring cavity laser has the potential to work at a repetition rate up to GHz.

© 2011 OSA

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References

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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2011 (2)

2010 (1)

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. Lo Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, and T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 405(1), L16–L20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

M. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fiber laser technology,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 191–206 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “Route to the minimum pulse duration in normal-dispersion fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 33(22), 2638–2640 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Pureur, L. Bigot, G. Bouwmans, Y. Quiquempois, M. Douay, and Y. Jaouen, “Ytterbium-doped solid core photonic bandgap fiber for laser operation around 980 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(6), 061113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

S. T. Cundiff, “Metrology: new generation of combs,” Nature 450(7173), 1175–1176 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bartels, R. Cerna, C. Kistner, A. Thoma, F. Hudert, C. Janke, and T. Dekorsy, “Ultrafast time-domain spectroscopy based on high-speed asynchronous optical sampling,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(3), 035107 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

J. Soto-Crespo, N. Akhemediev, V. Afanasjev, and S. Wabnitz, “Pulse solutions of the cubic-quintic complex Ginzburg-Landau equation in the case of normal dispersion,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 55(4), 4783–4796 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

Afanasjev, V.

J. Soto-Crespo, N. Akhemediev, V. Afanasjev, and S. Wabnitz, “Pulse solutions of the cubic-quintic complex Ginzburg-Landau equation in the case of normal dispersion,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 55(4), 4783–4796 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Akhemediev, N.

J. Soto-Crespo, N. Akhemediev, V. Afanasjev, and S. Wabnitz, “Pulse solutions of the cubic-quintic complex Ginzburg-Landau equation in the case of normal dispersion,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 55(4), 4783–4796 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bartels, A.

A. Bartels, R. Cerna, C. Kistner, A. Thoma, F. Hudert, C. Janke, and T. Dekorsy, “Ultrafast time-domain spectroscopy based on high-speed asynchronous optical sampling,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(3), 035107 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bigot, L.

V. Pureur, L. Bigot, G. Bouwmans, Y. Quiquempois, M. Douay, and Y. Jaouen, “Ytterbium-doped solid core photonic bandgap fiber for laser operation around 980 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(6), 061113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bouwmans, G.

V. Pureur, L. Bigot, G. Bouwmans, Y. Quiquempois, M. Douay, and Y. Jaouen, “Ytterbium-doped solid core photonic bandgap fiber for laser operation around 980 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(6), 061113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cerna, R.

A. Bartels, R. Cerna, C. Kistner, A. Thoma, F. Hudert, C. Janke, and T. Dekorsy, “Ultrafast time-domain spectroscopy based on high-speed asynchronous optical sampling,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(3), 035107 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, J.

Chong, A.

Cundiff, S. T.

S. T. Cundiff, “Metrology: new generation of combs,” Nature 450(7173), 1175–1176 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dekorsy, T.

A. Bartels, R. Cerna, C. Kistner, A. Thoma, F. Hudert, C. Janke, and T. Dekorsy, “Ultrafast time-domain spectroscopy based on high-speed asynchronous optical sampling,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(3), 035107 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Diddams, S. A.

Douay, M.

V. Pureur, L. Bigot, G. Bouwmans, Y. Quiquempois, M. Douay, and Y. Jaouen, “Ytterbium-doped solid core photonic bandgap fiber for laser operation around 980 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(6), 061113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fermann, M.

M. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fiber laser technology,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 191–206 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fermann, M. E.

Haberl, F.

Hänsch, T. W.

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. Lo Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, and T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 405(1), L16–L20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hartl, I.

M. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fiber laser technology,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 191–206 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hofer, M.

Holzwarth, R.

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. Lo Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, and T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 405(1), L16–L20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hudert, F.

A. Bartels, R. Cerna, C. Kistner, A. Thoma, F. Hudert, C. Janke, and T. Dekorsy, “Ultrafast time-domain spectroscopy based on high-speed asynchronous optical sampling,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(3), 035107 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ilday, F.

Isomäki, A.

Janke, C.

A. Bartels, R. Cerna, C. Kistner, A. Thoma, F. Hudert, C. Janke, and T. Dekorsy, “Ultrafast time-domain spectroscopy based on high-speed asynchronous optical sampling,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(3), 035107 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jaouen, Y.

V. Pureur, L. Bigot, G. Bouwmans, Y. Quiquempois, M. Douay, and Y. Jaouen, “Ytterbium-doped solid core photonic bandgap fiber for laser operation around 980 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(6), 061113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jasapara, J.

Johnson, T. A.

Jung, K.

Kärtner, F.

Kim, C.

Kim, H.

Kim, J.

Kistner, C.

A. Bartels, R. Cerna, C. Kistner, A. Thoma, F. Hudert, C. Janke, and T. Dekorsy, “Ultrafast time-domain spectroscopy based on high-speed asynchronous optical sampling,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(3), 035107 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kobayashi, Y.

Lim, H.

Lo Curto, G.

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. Lo Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, and T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 405(1), L16–L20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lovis, C.

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. Lo Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, and T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 405(1), L16–L20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Manescau, A.

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. Lo Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, and T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 405(1), L16–L20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nicholson, J. W.

Nugent-Glandorf, L.

Ober, M. H.

Okhotnikov, O. G.

Omenetto, F. G.

Pasquini, L.

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. Lo Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, and T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 405(1), L16–L20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pureur, V.

V. Pureur, L. Bigot, G. Bouwmans, Y. Quiquempois, M. Douay, and Y. Jaouen, “Ytterbium-doped solid core photonic bandgap fiber for laser operation around 980 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(6), 061113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Quiquempois, Y.

V. Pureur, L. Bigot, G. Bouwmans, Y. Quiquempois, M. Douay, and Y. Jaouen, “Ytterbium-doped solid core photonic bandgap fiber for laser operation around 980 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(6), 061113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Renninger, W. H.

Rudolph, W.

Schmidt, A. J.

Song, Y.

Soto-Crespo, J.

J. Soto-Crespo, N. Akhemediev, V. Afanasjev, and S. Wabnitz, “Pulse solutions of the cubic-quintic complex Ginzburg-Landau equation in the case of normal dispersion,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 55(4), 4783–4796 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Steinmetz, T.

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. Lo Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, and T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 405(1), L16–L20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, A. J.

Thoma, A.

A. Bartels, R. Cerna, C. Kistner, A. Thoma, F. Hudert, C. Janke, and T. Dekorsy, “Ultrafast time-domain spectroscopy based on high-speed asynchronous optical sampling,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(3), 035107 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Udem, T.

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. Lo Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, and T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 405(1), L16–L20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wabnitz, S.

J. Soto-Crespo, N. Akhemediev, V. Afanasjev, and S. Wabnitz, “Pulse solutions of the cubic-quintic complex Ginzburg-Landau equation in the case of normal dispersion,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 55(4), 4783–4796 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wilken, T.

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. Lo Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, and T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 405(1), L16–L20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wise, F.

Wise, F. W.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

V. Pureur, L. Bigot, G. Bouwmans, Y. Quiquempois, M. Douay, and Y. Jaouen, “Ytterbium-doped solid core photonic bandgap fiber for laser operation around 980 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(6), 061113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Fermann and I. Hartl, “Ultrafast fiber laser technology,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 191–206 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. (1)

T. Wilken, C. Lovis, A. Manescau, T. Steinmetz, L. Pasquini, G. Lo Curto, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, and T. Udem, “High-precision calibration of spectrographs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 405(1), L16–L20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

S. T. Cundiff, “Metrology: new generation of combs,” Nature 450(7173), 1175–1176 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics (1)

J. Soto-Crespo, N. Akhemediev, V. Afanasjev, and S. Wabnitz, “Pulse solutions of the cubic-quintic complex Ginzburg-Landau equation in the case of normal dispersion,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 55(4), 4783–4796 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

A. Bartels, R. Cerna, C. Kistner, A. Thoma, F. Hudert, C. Janke, and T. Dekorsy, “Ultrafast time-domain spectroscopy based on high-speed asynchronous optical sampling,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(3), 035107 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (5)

T. Wilken, T. Hänsch, Th. Udem, T. Steinmetz, R. Holzwarth, A. Manescau, G. Curto, L. Pasquini, and C. Lovis, “High precision calibration of spectrographs in astronomy,” Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics (CLEO) paper CMHH3 (2010).

I. Hartl, A. Romann, and M. Fermann, “Passively mode locked GHz femtosecond Yb-fiber laser using an intra-cavity martinez compressor,” Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics (CLEO), paper CMD3 (2011).

T. Wilken, P. Vilar-Welter, T. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “High repetition rate, tunable femtosecond Yb-fiber laser,” Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics (CLEO), paper CFK2 (2010).

M. Sander, H. Byun, J. Morse, D. Chao, H. Shen, A. Motamedi, G. Petrich, L. Kolodziejski, E. Ippen, and F. Kärtner, “1 GHz femtosecond Erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics (CLEO), paper CTuII1 (2010).

I. Hartl, H. Mckay, R. Thapa, B. Thomas, A. Ruehl, L. Dong and M. Fermann, “Fully stabilized GHz Yb-fiber laser frequency comb,” Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD), paper MF9 (2009).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the WDM collimator. SMF: single mode fiber; Yb:fiber: Yb doped fiber

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the laser. PBS: polarization beam splitter, SMF, single mode fiber; HWP, Half-wave plate; QWP, quarter-wave plate; BRF: birefringent filter.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Pulse train; (b) Radio frequency spectrum from 0 to 2.2 GHz, showing the fundamental frequency of 503MHz.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a): Measured output optical spectrum with the FWHM bandwidth of 34nm; (b): the calculated Fourier-transform limited pulse of the spectrum (67fs).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a): Measured fringe-resolved autocorrelation traces without pulse compression; (b): Measured fringe-resolved autocorrelation traces after pulse compression; (c) Intensity and phase of the compressed pulse retrieved with PICASO method.

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