Abstract

The laser performance of the monoclinic Ho:RE(WO4)2 (RE = Y, Gd, Lu) crystals is compared under identical experimental conditions. The comparison deals with the laser transition of Ho3+ at ~2.1µm by using two different pump sources, a diode laser operating at 1941 nm and a diode-pumped Tm:KLu(WO4)2 laser operating at 1946 nm. The results show internal slope efficiencies of ~60% and output powers exceeding 400 mW. The laser performance of Ho:KY(WO4)2 and Ho:KLu(WO4)2 is quite similar and superior to Ho:KGd(WO4)2.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. K. Scholle, S. Lamrini, P. Koopmann, and P. Fuhrberg, “2 μm laser sources and their possible applications,” Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics, ISBN 978–953–7619–82–4, pp. 471, February 2010.
  2. V. Sudesh and K. Asai, “Spectroscopic and diode-pumped-laser properties of Tm,Ho:YLF; Tm,Ho:LuLF; and Tm,Ho:LuAG crystals: a comparative study,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20(9), 1829–1837 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, and P. Laporta, “Comparative analysis of Tm-Ho:KYF4 laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 81(6), 847–851 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. A. Budni, C. R. Ibach, S. D. Setzler, E. J. Gustafson, R. T. Castro, and E. P. Chicklis, “50-mJ, Q-switched, 2.09-μm holmium laser resonantly pumped by a diode-pumped 1.9-μm thulium laser,” Opt. Lett. 28(12), 1016–1018 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. B. Q. Yao, L. L. Zheng, R. L. Zhou, X. M. Duan, Y. J. Zhang, Y. L. Ju, Z. Wang, G. J. Zhao, and Q. Dong, “Holmium laser in-band pumped by a thulium laser in the same host of YAlO3,” Laser Phys. 18(12), 1501–1504 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. Y. Shen, A. Abdolvand, L. J. Cooper, and W. A. Clarkson, “Efficient Ho:YAG laser pumped by a cladding-pumped tunable Tm:silica-fibre laser,” Appl. Phys. B 79(5), 559–561 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. Scholle and P. Fuhrberg, “In-band pumping of high-power Ho:YAG lasers by laser diodes at 1.9 μm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CTuAA1.
  8. J. Liu, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Efficient high-power laser operation of Yb:KLu(WO4)2 crystals cut along the principal optical axes,” Opt. Lett. 32(14), 2016–2018 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2 µm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Rivier, X. Mateos, Ò. Silvestre, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, S. Vernay, and D. Rytz, “Thin-disk Yb:KLu(WO(4))(2) laser with single-pass pumping,” Opt. Lett. 33(7), 735–737 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, Ó. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Díaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. X. Mateos, V. Jambunathan, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, F. Díaz, M. Aguiló, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “CW lasing of Ho in KLu(WO4)2 in-band pumped by a diode-pumped Tm:KLu(WO4)2 laser,” Opt. Express 18(20), 20793–20798 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Kruple, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2619–2630 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  14. R. Solé, V. Nikolov, and X. Ruiz, “Growth of β-KGd1-xNdx(WO4)2 single crystals in K2W2O7 solvents,” J. Cryst. Growth 169(3), 600–603 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (2)

K. Scholle, S. Lamrini, P. Koopmann, and P. Fuhrberg, “2 μm laser sources and their possible applications,” Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics, ISBN 978–953–7619–82–4, pp. 471, February 2010.

X. Mateos, V. Jambunathan, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, F. Díaz, M. Aguiló, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “CW lasing of Ho in KLu(WO4)2 in-band pumped by a diode-pumped Tm:KLu(WO4)2 laser,” Opt. Express 18(20), 20793–20798 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

S. Rivier, X. Mateos, Ò. Silvestre, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, S. Vernay, and D. Rytz, “Thin-disk Yb:KLu(WO(4))(2) laser with single-pass pumping,” Opt. Lett. 33(7), 735–737 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Q. Yao, L. L. Zheng, R. L. Zhou, X. M. Duan, Y. J. Zhang, Y. L. Ju, Z. Wang, G. J. Zhao, and Q. Dong, “Holmium laser in-band pumped by a thulium laser in the same host of YAlO3,” Laser Phys. 18(12), 1501–1504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, Ó. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Díaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Efficient high-power laser operation of Yb:KLu(WO4)2 crystals cut along the principal optical axes,” Opt. Lett. 32(14), 2016–2018 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2 µm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, and P. Laporta, “Comparative analysis of Tm-Ho:KYF4 laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 81(6), 847–851 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

D. Y. Shen, A. Abdolvand, L. J. Cooper, and W. A. Clarkson, “Efficient Ho:YAG laser pumped by a cladding-pumped tunable Tm:silica-fibre laser,” Appl. Phys. B 79(5), 559–561 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

1996 (1)

R. Solé, V. Nikolov, and X. Ruiz, “Growth of β-KGd1-xNdx(WO4)2 single crystals in K2W2O7 solvents,” J. Cryst. Growth 169(3), 600–603 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Kruple, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2619–2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Abdolvand, A.

D. Y. Shen, A. Abdolvand, L. J. Cooper, and W. A. Clarkson, “Efficient Ho:YAG laser pumped by a cladding-pumped tunable Tm:silica-fibre laser,” Appl. Phys. B 79(5), 559–561 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Aguiló, M.

X. Mateos, V. Jambunathan, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, F. Díaz, M. Aguiló, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “CW lasing of Ho in KLu(WO4)2 in-band pumped by a diode-pumped Tm:KLu(WO4)2 laser,” Opt. Express 18(20), 20793–20798 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Rivier, X. Mateos, Ò. Silvestre, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, S. Vernay, and D. Rytz, “Thin-disk Yb:KLu(WO(4))(2) laser with single-pass pumping,” Opt. Lett. 33(7), 735–737 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, Ó. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Díaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2 µm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Asai, K.

Budni, P. A.

Carvajal, J. J.

Castro, R. T.

Chase, L. L.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Kruple, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2619–2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chicklis, E. P.

Clarkson, W. A.

D. Y. Shen, A. Abdolvand, L. J. Cooper, and W. A. Clarkson, “Efficient Ho:YAG laser pumped by a cladding-pumped tunable Tm:silica-fibre laser,” Appl. Phys. B 79(5), 559–561 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Coluccelli, N.

E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, and P. Laporta, “Comparative analysis of Tm-Ho:KYF4 laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 81(6), 847–851 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cooper, L. J.

D. Y. Shen, A. Abdolvand, L. J. Cooper, and W. A. Clarkson, “Efficient Ho:YAG laser pumped by a cladding-pumped tunable Tm:silica-fibre laser,” Appl. Phys. B 79(5), 559–561 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Díaz, F.

X. Mateos, V. Jambunathan, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, F. Díaz, M. Aguiló, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “CW lasing of Ho in KLu(WO4)2 in-band pumped by a diode-pumped Tm:KLu(WO4)2 laser,” Opt. Express 18(20), 20793–20798 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Rivier, X. Mateos, Ò. Silvestre, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, S. Vernay, and D. Rytz, “Thin-disk Yb:KLu(WO(4))(2) laser with single-pass pumping,” Opt. Lett. 33(7), 735–737 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, Ó. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Díaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2 µm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dong, Q.

B. Q. Yao, L. L. Zheng, R. L. Zhou, X. M. Duan, Y. J. Zhang, Y. L. Ju, Z. Wang, G. J. Zhao, and Q. Dong, “Holmium laser in-band pumped by a thulium laser in the same host of YAlO3,” Laser Phys. 18(12), 1501–1504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Duan, X. M.

B. Q. Yao, L. L. Zheng, R. L. Zhou, X. M. Duan, Y. J. Zhang, Y. L. Ju, Z. Wang, G. J. Zhao, and Q. Dong, “Holmium laser in-band pumped by a thulium laser in the same host of YAlO3,” Laser Phys. 18(12), 1501–1504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fuhrberg, P.

K. Scholle, S. Lamrini, P. Koopmann, and P. Fuhrberg, “2 μm laser sources and their possible applications,” Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics, ISBN 978–953–7619–82–4, pp. 471, February 2010.

Galan, M.

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2 µm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Galzerano, G.

E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, and P. Laporta, “Comparative analysis of Tm-Ho:KYF4 laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 81(6), 847–851 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Griebner, U.

X. Mateos, V. Jambunathan, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, F. Díaz, M. Aguiló, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “CW lasing of Ho in KLu(WO4)2 in-band pumped by a diode-pumped Tm:KLu(WO4)2 laser,” Opt. Express 18(20), 20793–20798 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Rivier, X. Mateos, Ò. Silvestre, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, S. Vernay, and D. Rytz, “Thin-disk Yb:KLu(WO(4))(2) laser with single-pass pumping,” Opt. Lett. 33(7), 735–737 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, Ó. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Díaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2 µm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gustafson, E. J.

Ibach, C. R.

Jambunathan, V.

Ju, Y. L.

B. Q. Yao, L. L. Zheng, R. L. Zhou, X. M. Duan, Y. J. Zhang, Y. L. Ju, Z. Wang, G. J. Zhao, and Q. Dong, “Holmium laser in-band pumped by a thulium laser in the same host of YAlO3,” Laser Phys. 18(12), 1501–1504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Koopmann, P.

K. Scholle, S. Lamrini, P. Koopmann, and P. Fuhrberg, “2 μm laser sources and their possible applications,” Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics, ISBN 978–953–7619–82–4, pp. 471, February 2010.

Kruple, W. F.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Kruple, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2619–2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kway, W. L.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Kruple, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2619–2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lamrini, S.

K. Scholle, S. Lamrini, P. Koopmann, and P. Fuhrberg, “2 μm laser sources and their possible applications,” Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics, ISBN 978–953–7619–82–4, pp. 471, February 2010.

Laporta, P.

E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, and P. Laporta, “Comparative analysis of Tm-Ho:KYF4 laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 81(6), 847–851 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

J. Liu, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Efficient high-power laser operation of Yb:KLu(WO4)2 crystals cut along the principal optical axes,” Opt. Lett. 32(14), 2016–2018 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, Ó. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Díaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2 µm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mateos, X.

X. Mateos, V. Jambunathan, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, F. Díaz, M. Aguiló, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “CW lasing of Ho in KLu(WO4)2 in-band pumped by a diode-pumped Tm:KLu(WO4)2 laser,” Opt. Express 18(20), 20793–20798 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Rivier, X. Mateos, Ò. Silvestre, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, S. Vernay, and D. Rytz, “Thin-disk Yb:KLu(WO(4))(2) laser with single-pass pumping,” Opt. Lett. 33(7), 735–737 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Efficient high-power laser operation of Yb:KLu(WO4)2 crystals cut along the principal optical axes,” Opt. Lett. 32(14), 2016–2018 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, Ó. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Díaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2 µm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nikolov, V.

R. Solé, V. Nikolov, and X. Ruiz, “Growth of β-KGd1-xNdx(WO4)2 single crystals in K2W2O7 solvents,” J. Cryst. Growth 169(3), 600–603 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S. A.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Kruple, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2619–2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V.

X. Mateos, V. Jambunathan, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, F. Díaz, M. Aguiló, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “CW lasing of Ho in KLu(WO4)2 in-band pumped by a diode-pumped Tm:KLu(WO4)2 laser,” Opt. Express 18(20), 20793–20798 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Rivier, X. Mateos, Ò. Silvestre, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, S. Vernay, and D. Rytz, “Thin-disk Yb:KLu(WO(4))(2) laser with single-pass pumping,” Opt. Lett. 33(7), 735–737 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Efficient high-power laser operation of Yb:KLu(WO4)2 crystals cut along the principal optical axes,” Opt. Lett. 32(14), 2016–2018 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, Ó. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Díaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2 µm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pujol, M. C.

X. Mateos, V. Jambunathan, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, F. Díaz, M. Aguiló, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “CW lasing of Ho in KLu(WO4)2 in-band pumped by a diode-pumped Tm:KLu(WO4)2 laser,” Opt. Express 18(20), 20793–20798 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Rivier, X. Mateos, Ò. Silvestre, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, S. Vernay, and D. Rytz, “Thin-disk Yb:KLu(WO(4))(2) laser with single-pass pumping,” Opt. Lett. 33(7), 735–737 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, Ó. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Díaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2 µm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rivier, S.

S. Rivier, X. Mateos, Ò. Silvestre, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, S. Vernay, and D. Rytz, “Thin-disk Yb:KLu(WO(4))(2) laser with single-pass pumping,” Opt. Lett. 33(7), 735–737 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, Ó. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Díaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ruiz, X.

R. Solé, V. Nikolov, and X. Ruiz, “Growth of β-KGd1-xNdx(WO4)2 single crystals in K2W2O7 solvents,” J. Cryst. Growth 169(3), 600–603 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Rytz, D.

Sani, E.

E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, and P. Laporta, “Comparative analysis of Tm-Ho:KYF4 laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 81(6), 847–851 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Scholle, K.

K. Scholle, S. Lamrini, P. Koopmann, and P. Fuhrberg, “2 μm laser sources and their possible applications,” Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics, ISBN 978–953–7619–82–4, pp. 471, February 2010.

Setzler, S. D.

Shen, D. Y.

D. Y. Shen, A. Abdolvand, L. J. Cooper, and W. A. Clarkson, “Efficient Ho:YAG laser pumped by a cladding-pumped tunable Tm:silica-fibre laser,” Appl. Phys. B 79(5), 559–561 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Silvestre, Ó.

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, Ó. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Díaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Silvestre, Ò.

Smith, L. K.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Kruple, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2619–2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Solé, R.

R. Solé, V. Nikolov, and X. Ruiz, “Growth of β-KGd1-xNdx(WO4)2 single crystals in K2W2O7 solvents,” J. Cryst. Growth 169(3), 600–603 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Solé, R. M.

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, Ó. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Díaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sudesh, V.

Toncelli, A.

E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, and P. Laporta, “Comparative analysis of Tm-Ho:KYF4 laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 81(6), 847–851 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tonelli, M.

E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, and P. Laporta, “Comparative analysis of Tm-Ho:KYF4 laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 81(6), 847–851 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vernay, S.

Viera, G.

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2 µm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Wang, Z.

B. Q. Yao, L. L. Zheng, R. L. Zhou, X. M. Duan, Y. J. Zhang, Y. L. Ju, Z. Wang, G. J. Zhao, and Q. Dong, “Holmium laser in-band pumped by a thulium laser in the same host of YAlO3,” Laser Phys. 18(12), 1501–1504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yao, B. Q.

B. Q. Yao, L. L. Zheng, R. L. Zhou, X. M. Duan, Y. J. Zhang, Y. L. Ju, Z. Wang, G. J. Zhao, and Q. Dong, “Holmium laser in-band pumped by a thulium laser in the same host of YAlO3,” Laser Phys. 18(12), 1501–1504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, Y. J.

B. Q. Yao, L. L. Zheng, R. L. Zhou, X. M. Duan, Y. J. Zhang, Y. L. Ju, Z. Wang, G. J. Zhao, and Q. Dong, “Holmium laser in-band pumped by a thulium laser in the same host of YAlO3,” Laser Phys. 18(12), 1501–1504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, G. J.

B. Q. Yao, L. L. Zheng, R. L. Zhou, X. M. Duan, Y. J. Zhang, Y. L. Ju, Z. Wang, G. J. Zhao, and Q. Dong, “Holmium laser in-band pumped by a thulium laser in the same host of YAlO3,” Laser Phys. 18(12), 1501–1504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, L. L.

B. Q. Yao, L. L. Zheng, R. L. Zhou, X. M. Duan, Y. J. Zhang, Y. L. Ju, Z. Wang, G. J. Zhao, and Q. Dong, “Holmium laser in-band pumped by a thulium laser in the same host of YAlO3,” Laser Phys. 18(12), 1501–1504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, R. L.

B. Q. Yao, L. L. Zheng, R. L. Zhou, X. M. Duan, Y. J. Zhang, Y. L. Ju, Z. Wang, G. J. Zhao, and Q. Dong, “Holmium laser in-band pumped by a thulium laser in the same host of YAlO3,” Laser Phys. 18(12), 1501–1504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, and P. Laporta, “Comparative analysis of Tm-Ho:KYF4 laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 81(6), 847–851 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Shen, A. Abdolvand, L. J. Cooper, and W. A. Clarkson, “Efficient Ho:YAG laser pumped by a cladding-pumped tunable Tm:silica-fibre laser,” Appl. Phys. B 79(5), 559–561 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics (1)

K. Scholle, S. Lamrini, P. Koopmann, and P. Fuhrberg, “2 μm laser sources and their possible applications,” Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics, ISBN 978–953–7619–82–4, pp. 471, February 2010.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2 µm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Kruple, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2619–2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

R. Solé, V. Nikolov, and X. Ruiz, “Growth of β-KGd1-xNdx(WO4)2 single crystals in K2W2O7 solvents,” J. Cryst. Growth 169(3), 600–603 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, Ó. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Díaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. (1)

B. Q. Yao, L. L. Zheng, R. L. Zhou, X. M. Duan, Y. J. Zhang, Y. L. Ju, Z. Wang, G. J. Zhao, and Q. Dong, “Holmium laser in-band pumped by a thulium laser in the same host of YAlO3,” Laser Phys. 18(12), 1501–1504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (1)

K. Scholle and P. Fuhrberg, “In-band pumping of high-power Ho:YAG lasers by laser diodes at 1.9 μm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper CTuAA1.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Laser setups: a) Diode pumped Ho:KREW laser (L1 (imaging lens assembly consisting of a collimator and aspherical lens with f = 6 mm), M5 (plane pump mirror), M6 (Ho–laser output coupler). b) Tm:KLuW pumped Ho:KREW laser (λ/2 - half-wave plate, I – isolator, L1 (AR-coated lens assembly for collimation and focusing of the fiber output with f = 30 mm), L2 (AR-coated collimating lens with f = 50 mm), L3 (AR-coated focusing lens with f = 50 mm), M3, M4 (45° bending mirrors), M1 (plane pump mirror, AR @ 800 nm and HR for laser wavelength), M2 (Tm-laser output coupler with RC = 25 mm and Toc = 3%), M5 (plane pump mirror) and M6 (Ho-laser output coupler).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption cross-section of the 5I85I7 transition of Ho for E//Nm and E//Np in KREW: a) KYW, b) KGdW, and c) KLuW.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Absorption, emission and gain cross-sections of the 5I85I7 transition of Ho in KREW crystals for E//Nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output power vs. incident pump power of the Ho:KREW lasers (diode pump and Tm:KLuW as pump source) for different output coupling Toc. In all cases RC = 50 mm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Input-output characteristics of the diode-pumped 3 at.% Ho:KLuW laser with different RC and Toc = 1.5% (Inset: typical laser spectrum centered at 2080 nm).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Estimated slope efficiencies for 3 at.% Ho:KREW crystals with respect to the absorbed power. a) diode pumping, b) Tm:KLuW pumping.

Tables (5)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Summary of the Ho:KREW crystal growth experiments

Tables Icon

Table 2 Summary of the EPMA (Electron Probe Micro analyzer) results for the grown Ho:KREW crystals

Tables Icon

Table 3 Absorption cross-section of Ho for different pump wavelengths and E//Nm and E//Np

Tables Icon

Table 4 Summary of laser results for the two pump sources

Tables Icon

Table 5 Summary of estimated laser characteristics for the two pump sources (Toc = 3%)

Equations (1)

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σ g = ( σ e × β ) ( 1 β ) × σ a

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