Abstract

We investigate the effect of dispersion compensation on temporal characteristics in mode-locking by nonlinear polarization rotation in an ytterbium-doped fiber (YDF) oscillator with intracavity and external grating pairs. A short fixed length YDF was spliced with a longer single-mode fiber (SMF). Using experimentally measured dispersion characteristics of the YDF, SMF and cavity optics, we control the group velocity dispersion (GVD) and spectral broadening in a cavity by changing the SMF length. As a result, the oscillator generated 29.4-fs transform-limited wing-free pulses, which are to our knowledge the shortest and cleanest pulses achieved without the use of additional optics like a prism pair for high-order dispersion compensation. The results show that a precise balance of higher order terms of the GVD and self-phase modulation is essential for shortening pulse duration.

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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2009 (1)

2008 (2)

2007 (2)

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71(5), 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, L. Kuznetsova, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Compensation of nonlinear phase shifts with third-order dispersion in short-pulse fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Express 13(13), 4869–4877 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

2001 (1)

A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, S. Louis, C. Özkul, and F. Sanchez, “Generation of high energy femtosecond pulses from a side-pumped Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(21), 3389–3391 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1993 (2)

W. H. Loh, D. Atkinson, P. R. Morkel, M. Hopkinson, A. Rivers, A. J. Seeds, and D. N. Payne, “All-solid-state subpicosecond passively mode locked erbium-doped fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(1), 4–6 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, “77-fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 18(13), 1080–1082 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

S. M. Kelly, “Characteristics sideband instability of periodically amplified average soliton,” Electron. Lett. 28(8), 806–807 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

R. H. Stolen and C. Lin, “Self-phase-modulation in silica optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 17(4), 1448–1453 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Amat-Roldán, I.

Artigas, D.

Atkinson, D.

W. H. Loh, D. Atkinson, P. R. Morkel, M. Hopkinson, A. Rivers, A. J. Seeds, and D. N. Payne, “All-solid-state subpicosecond passively mode locked erbium-doped fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(1), 4–6 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Brunel, M.

A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, S. Louis, C. Özkul, and F. Sanchez, “Generation of high energy femtosecond pulses from a side-pumped Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(21), 3389–3391 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Buckley, J.

Buckley, J. R.

Chartier, T.

A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, S. Louis, C. Özkul, and F. Sanchez, “Generation of high energy femtosecond pulses from a side-pumped Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(21), 3389–3391 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chong, A.

Clark, S. W.

Clement, T. S.

Cormack, I. G.

Cormier, E.

Druon, F.

Georges, P.

Gualda, E. J.

Hanna, M.

Haus, H. A.

Hideur, A.

A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, S. Louis, C. Özkul, and F. Sanchez, “Generation of high energy femtosecond pulses from a side-pumped Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(21), 3389–3391 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hopkinson, M.

W. H. Loh, D. Atkinson, P. R. Morkel, M. Hopkinson, A. Rivers, A. J. Seeds, and D. N. Payne, “All-solid-state subpicosecond passively mode locked erbium-doped fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(1), 4–6 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ilday, F.

Ippen, E. P.

Kane, D. J.

Kelly, S. M.

S. M. Kelly, “Characteristics sideband instability of periodically amplified average soliton,” Electron. Lett. 28(8), 806–807 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kieu, K.

Kobayashi, Y.

Komarov, A.

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71(5), 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kuznetsova, L.

Leblond, H.

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71(5), 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Limpert, J.

Lin, C.

R. H. Stolen and C. Lin, “Self-phase-modulation in silica optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 17(4), 1448–1453 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Loh, W. H.

W. H. Loh, D. Atkinson, P. R. Morkel, M. Hopkinson, A. Rivers, A. J. Seeds, and D. N. Payne, “All-solid-state subpicosecond passively mode locked erbium-doped fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(1), 4–6 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Louis, S.

A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, S. Louis, C. Özkul, and F. Sanchez, “Generation of high energy femtosecond pulses from a side-pumped Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(21), 3389–3391 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Loza-Alvarez, P.

Morkel, P. R.

W. H. Loh, D. Atkinson, P. R. Morkel, M. Hopkinson, A. Rivers, A. J. Seeds, and D. N. Payne, “All-solid-state subpicosecond passively mode locked erbium-doped fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(1), 4–6 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mottay, E.

Nelson, L. E.

Ortaç, B.

Özkul, C.

A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, S. Louis, C. Özkul, and F. Sanchez, “Generation of high energy femtosecond pulses from a side-pumped Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(21), 3389–3391 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Papadopoulos, D. N.

Payne, D. N.

W. H. Loh, D. Atkinson, P. R. Morkel, M. Hopkinson, A. Rivers, A. J. Seeds, and D. N. Payne, “All-solid-state subpicosecond passively mode locked erbium-doped fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(1), 4–6 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Renninger, W. H.

Rivers, A.

W. H. Loh, D. Atkinson, P. R. Morkel, M. Hopkinson, A. Rivers, A. J. Seeds, and D. N. Payne, “All-solid-state subpicosecond passively mode locked erbium-doped fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(1), 4–6 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez, G.

Sanchez, F.

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71(5), 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, S. Louis, C. Özkul, and F. Sanchez, “Generation of high energy femtosecond pulses from a side-pumped Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(21), 3389–3391 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Seeds, A. J.

W. H. Loh, D. Atkinson, P. R. Morkel, M. Hopkinson, A. Rivers, A. J. Seeds, and D. N. Payne, “All-solid-state subpicosecond passively mode locked erbium-doped fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(1), 4–6 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R. H.

R. H. Stolen and C. Lin, “Self-phase-modulation in silica optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 17(4), 1448–1453 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, K.

Taylor, A. J.

Torizuka, K.

Tünnermann, A.

Wise, F.

Wise, F. W.

Yoshitomi, D.

Zaouter, Y.

Zhou, S.

Zhou, X.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

W. H. Loh, D. Atkinson, P. R. Morkel, M. Hopkinson, A. Rivers, A. J. Seeds, and D. N. Payne, “All-solid-state subpicosecond passively mode locked erbium-doped fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63(1), 4–6 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, S. Louis, C. Özkul, and F. Sanchez, “Generation of high energy femtosecond pulses from a side-pumped Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(21), 3389–3391 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

S. M. Kelly, “Characteristics sideband instability of periodically amplified average soliton,” Electron. Lett. 28(8), 806–807 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

R. H. Stolen and C. Lin, “Self-phase-modulation in silica optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 17(4), 1448–1453 (1978).
[CrossRef]

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71(5), 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the YDF mode-locked oscillator. LD: laser diode; WDM: 980/1060-nm wavelength division multiplexer; SMF1-3: single-mode fibers; YDF: ytterbium-doped fiber; QWP1-2: quarter-wave plates; HWP: half-wave plate; PBS: polarizing beam splitter cube; FI: Faraday isolator; GP1: reflection grating pair; GP2: transmission grating pair; M: mirrors; PD: photodiode; PM: power meter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Power spectra on linear scales with (solid line) and without (dashed line) spectral broadening under a pump power of 300 mW. The inset shows the power spectra on semi-logarithmic scale. (b), (c): Pulse trains out of the grating in the cavity with and without spectral broadening.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Pulse intensity and phase profiles (solid and dashed lines, respectively) together with the transform-limited pulse shapes (dotted lines) for (a) the shortest pulse duration and (b) the pulse without spectral broadening.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Measured GDD values of components in the cavity with a 115-cm long SMF. (b) Retrieved duration of compressed pulse as a function of the SMF length with a pump power parameter (215 mW (asterisk), 250 mW (closed circle), and 300 mW (open circle)).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Power spectra. Pulse shapes and phases for SMF length of (b) 77 cm, (c) 115 cm, (d) 135 cm, and (e) 193 cm under a pump power of 300 mW.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Dispersion Characteristics in the Cavity for Different SMF Lengths

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