With the advent of modern-day computational imagers, the phase of the optical transfer function may no longer be summarily ignored. This study discusses some important properties of the phase transfer function (PTF) of digital incoherent imaging systems and their implications on the performance and characterization of these systems. The effects of aliasing and sub-pixel image shifts on the phase of the complex frequency response of these sampled systems are described, including an examination of the specific case of moderate aliasing. Key properties of this function in aliased imaging systems are derived and their potential treatment to a range of diverse applications encompassing traditional and computational imaging systems is discussed.
©2011 Optical Society of America
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