Abstract

We demonstrate the operation of a compact wavelength de-multiplexer using cascaded single-mode photonic crystal waveguides utilizing the slow light regime. By altering the dielectric filling factors of each waveguide segment, we numerically and experimentally show that different frequencies are separated at different locations along the waveguide. In other words, the beams of different wavelengths are spatially dropped along the transverse to the propagation direction. We numerically verified the spatial shifts of certain wavelengths by using the two-dimensional finite-difference time-domain method. The presented design can be extended to de-multiplex more wavelengths by concatenating additional photonic crystal waveguides with different filling factors.

© 2011 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. E. Centeno, B. Guizal, and D. Felbacq, “Multiplexing and demultiplexing with photonic crystals,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 1(5), L10–l13 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Koshiba, “Wavelength division multiplexing and demultiplexing with photonic crystal waveguide couplers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19(12), 1970–1975 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Sharkawy, S. Shi, and D. W. Prather, “Multichannel wavelength division multiplexing with photonic crystals,” Appl. Opt. 40(14), 2247–2252 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. Notomi, A. Shinya, S. Mitsugi, E. Kuramochi, and H. Y. Ryu, “Waveguides, resonators and their coupled elements in photonic crystal slabs,” Opt. Express 12(8), 1551–1561 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. F. Van Laere, T. Stomeo, C. Cambournac, M. Ayre, R. Brenot, H. Benisty, G. Roelkens, T. F. Krauss, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Nanophotonic polarization diversity demultiplexer chip,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(4), 417–425 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. B. E. Nelson, M. Gerken, D. A. B. Miller, R. Piestun, C. C. Lin, and J. S. Harris, “Use of a dielectric stack as a one-dimensional photonic crystal for wavelength demultiplexing by beam shifting,” Opt. Lett. 25(20), 1502–1504 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. S. Kamei, K. Iemura, A. Kaneko, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, H. Takahashi, and A. Sugita, “1.5%-Δ athermal arrayed-waveguide grating multi/demultiplexer with very low loss groove design,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(3), 588–590 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Thorhauge, L. H. Frandsen, and P. I. Borel, “Efficient photonic crystal directional couplers,” Opt. Lett. 28(17), 1525–1527 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. Bayindir and E. Ozbay, “Band-dropping via coupled photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 10(22), 1279–1284 (2002).
    [PubMed]
  10. S. Boscolo, M. Midrio, and C. G. Someda, “Coupling and decoupling of electromagnetic waves in parallel 2D photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38(1), 47–53 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  11. T. Niemi, L. H. Frandsen, K. K. Hede, A. Harpoth, P. I. Borel, and M. Kristensen, “Wavelength-division demultiplexing using photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 226–228 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Rostami, F. Nazaria, H. Alipour Banaei, and A. Bahrami, “A novel proposal for DWDM demultiplexer design using modified-T photonic crystal structure,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 8(1), 14–22 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, Y. Akahane, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, “Theoretical investigation of a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab with truncated cone air holes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(11), 1661–1663 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  14. B.-S. Song, S. Noda, and T. Asano, “Photonic devices based on in-plane hetero photonic crystals,” Science 300(5625), 1537 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and H. A. Haus, “Channel drop filters in photonic crystals,” Opt. Express 3(1), 4–11 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. E. Viasnoff-Schwoob, C. Weisbuch, H. Benisty, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, G.-H. Duan, L. Legouézigou, O. Legouézigou, F. Pommereau, S. Golka, H. Heidrich, H. J. Hensel, and K. Janiak, “Compact wavelength monitoring by lateral outcoupling in wedged photonic crystal multimode waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(10), 101107 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  17. L. Martinelli, H. Benisty, O. Khayam, G. H. Duan, H. Heidrich, and K. Janiak, “Analysis and optimization of compact demultiplexer monitor based on photonic crystal waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(9), 2385–2394 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  18. H. Benisty, C. Cambournac, F. Van Laere, and D. Van Thourhout, “Photonic-Crystal Demultiplexer With Improved Crosstalk by Second-Order Cavity Filtering,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(8), 1201–1208 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  19. H. J. Kim, I. Park, B. H. O, S. G. Park, H. Lee, and S. G. Lee, “Self-imaging phenomena in multi-mode photonic crystal line-defect waveguides: application to wavelength de-multiplexing,” Opt. Express 12(23), 5625–5633 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. N. Shahid, M. Amin, S. Naureen, M. Swillo, and S. Anand, “Junction-type photonic crystal waveguides for notch- and pass-band filtering,” Opt. Express 19(21), 21074–21080 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. F. S.-S. Chien, Y.-J. Hsu, W.-F. Hsieh, and S.-C. Cheng, “Dual wavelength demultiplexing by coupling and decoupling of photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 12(6), 1119–1125 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. L. Wu, M. Mazilu, T. Karle, and T. F. Krauss, “Superprism phenomena in planar photonic crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38(4), 915–917 (2002).
  23. A. Adibi, R. K. Lee, Y. Xu, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, “Design of photonic crystal optical waveguides with singlemode propagation in the photonic bandgap,” Electron. Lett. 36(16), 1376–1378 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  24. A. Taflove, Computational Electrodynamics—The Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method, (Artech House, Norwood, MA 2000).
  25. J. P. Berenger, “A perfectly matched layer for the absorption of electromagnetic waves,” J. Comput. Phys. 114(2), 185–200 (1994).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

H. Benisty, C. Cambournac, F. Van Laere, and D. Van Thourhout, “Photonic-Crystal Demultiplexer With Improved Crosstalk by Second-Order Cavity Filtering,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(8), 1201–1208 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Rostami, F. Nazaria, H. Alipour Banaei, and A. Bahrami, “A novel proposal for DWDM demultiplexer design using modified-T photonic crystal structure,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 8(1), 14–22 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

T. Niemi, L. H. Frandsen, K. K. Hede, A. Harpoth, P. I. Borel, and M. Kristensen, “Wavelength-division demultiplexing using photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 226–228 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

S. Kamei, K. Iemura, A. Kaneko, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, H. Takahashi, and A. Sugita, “1.5%-Δ athermal arrayed-waveguide grating multi/demultiplexer with very low loss groove design,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(3), 588–590 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. Viasnoff-Schwoob, C. Weisbuch, H. Benisty, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, G.-H. Duan, L. Legouézigou, O. Legouézigou, F. Pommereau, S. Golka, H. Heidrich, H. J. Hensel, and K. Janiak, “Compact wavelength monitoring by lateral outcoupling in wedged photonic crystal multimode waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(10), 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

2003 (3)

Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, Y. Akahane, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, “Theoretical investigation of a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab with truncated cone air holes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(11), 1661–1663 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B.-S. Song, S. Noda, and T. Asano, “Photonic devices based on in-plane hetero photonic crystals,” Science 300(5625), 1537 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Thorhauge, L. H. Frandsen, and P. I. Borel, “Efficient photonic crystal directional couplers,” Opt. Lett. 28(17), 1525–1527 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (3)

M. Bayindir and E. Ozbay, “Band-dropping via coupled photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 10(22), 1279–1284 (2002).
[PubMed]

L. Wu, M. Mazilu, T. Karle, and T. F. Krauss, “Superprism phenomena in planar photonic crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38(4), 915–917 (2002).

S. Boscolo, M. Midrio, and C. G. Someda, “Coupling and decoupling of electromagnetic waves in parallel 2D photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38(1), 47–53 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

2000 (2)

B. E. Nelson, M. Gerken, D. A. B. Miller, R. Piestun, C. C. Lin, and J. S. Harris, “Use of a dielectric stack as a one-dimensional photonic crystal for wavelength demultiplexing by beam shifting,” Opt. Lett. 25(20), 1502–1504 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Adibi, R. K. Lee, Y. Xu, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, “Design of photonic crystal optical waveguides with singlemode propagation in the photonic bandgap,” Electron. Lett. 36(16), 1376–1378 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

J. E. Centeno, B. Guizal, and D. Felbacq, “Multiplexing and demultiplexing with photonic crystals,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 1(5), L10–l13 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1994 (1)

J. P. Berenger, “A perfectly matched layer for the absorption of electromagnetic waves,” J. Comput. Phys. 114(2), 185–200 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Adibi, A.

A. Adibi, R. K. Lee, Y. Xu, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, “Design of photonic crystal optical waveguides with singlemode propagation in the photonic bandgap,” Electron. Lett. 36(16), 1376–1378 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Akahane, Y.

Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, Y. Akahane, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, “Theoretical investigation of a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab with truncated cone air holes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(11), 1661–1663 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Alipour Banaei, H.

A. Rostami, F. Nazaria, H. Alipour Banaei, and A. Bahrami, “A novel proposal for DWDM demultiplexer design using modified-T photonic crystal structure,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 8(1), 14–22 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Amin, M.

Anand, S.

Asano, T.

Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, Y. Akahane, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, “Theoretical investigation of a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab with truncated cone air holes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(11), 1661–1663 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B.-S. Song, S. Noda, and T. Asano, “Photonic devices based on in-plane hetero photonic crystals,” Science 300(5625), 1537 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ayre, M.

Baets, R.

Bahrami, A.

A. Rostami, F. Nazaria, H. Alipour Banaei, and A. Bahrami, “A novel proposal for DWDM demultiplexer design using modified-T photonic crystal structure,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 8(1), 14–22 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bayindir, M.

Benisty, H.

Berenger, J. P.

J. P. Berenger, “A perfectly matched layer for the absorption of electromagnetic waves,” J. Comput. Phys. 114(2), 185–200 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Borel, P. I.

T. Niemi, L. H. Frandsen, K. K. Hede, A. Harpoth, P. I. Borel, and M. Kristensen, “Wavelength-division demultiplexing using photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 226–228 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Thorhauge, L. H. Frandsen, and P. I. Borel, “Efficient photonic crystal directional couplers,” Opt. Lett. 28(17), 1525–1527 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boscolo, S.

S. Boscolo, M. Midrio, and C. G. Someda, “Coupling and decoupling of electromagnetic waves in parallel 2D photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38(1), 47–53 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Brenot, R.

Cambournac, C.

Centeno, J. E.

J. E. Centeno, B. Guizal, and D. Felbacq, “Multiplexing and demultiplexing with photonic crystals,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 1(5), L10–l13 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, S.-C.

Chien, F. S.-S.

Cuisin, C.

E. Viasnoff-Schwoob, C. Weisbuch, H. Benisty, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, G.-H. Duan, L. Legouézigou, O. Legouézigou, F. Pommereau, S. Golka, H. Heidrich, H. J. Hensel, and K. Janiak, “Compact wavelength monitoring by lateral outcoupling in wedged photonic crystal multimode waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(10), 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Derouin, E.

E. Viasnoff-Schwoob, C. Weisbuch, H. Benisty, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, G.-H. Duan, L. Legouézigou, O. Legouézigou, F. Pommereau, S. Golka, H. Heidrich, H. J. Hensel, and K. Janiak, “Compact wavelength monitoring by lateral outcoupling in wedged photonic crystal multimode waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(10), 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Drisse, O.

E. Viasnoff-Schwoob, C. Weisbuch, H. Benisty, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, G.-H. Duan, L. Legouézigou, O. Legouézigou, F. Pommereau, S. Golka, H. Heidrich, H. J. Hensel, and K. Janiak, “Compact wavelength monitoring by lateral outcoupling in wedged photonic crystal multimode waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(10), 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Duan, G. H.

Duan, G.-H.

E. Viasnoff-Schwoob, C. Weisbuch, H. Benisty, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, G.-H. Duan, L. Legouézigou, O. Legouézigou, F. Pommereau, S. Golka, H. Heidrich, H. J. Hensel, and K. Janiak, “Compact wavelength monitoring by lateral outcoupling in wedged photonic crystal multimode waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(10), 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S.

Felbacq, D.

J. E. Centeno, B. Guizal, and D. Felbacq, “Multiplexing and demultiplexing with photonic crystals,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 1(5), L10–l13 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Frandsen, L. H.

T. Niemi, L. H. Frandsen, K. K. Hede, A. Harpoth, P. I. Borel, and M. Kristensen, “Wavelength-division demultiplexing using photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 226–228 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Thorhauge, L. H. Frandsen, and P. I. Borel, “Efficient photonic crystal directional couplers,” Opt. Lett. 28(17), 1525–1527 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gerken, M.

Golka, S.

E. Viasnoff-Schwoob, C. Weisbuch, H. Benisty, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, G.-H. Duan, L. Legouézigou, O. Legouézigou, F. Pommereau, S. Golka, H. Heidrich, H. J. Hensel, and K. Janiak, “Compact wavelength monitoring by lateral outcoupling in wedged photonic crystal multimode waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(10), 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Guizal, B.

J. E. Centeno, B. Guizal, and D. Felbacq, “Multiplexing and demultiplexing with photonic crystals,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 1(5), L10–l13 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Harpoth, A.

T. Niemi, L. H. Frandsen, K. K. Hede, A. Harpoth, P. I. Borel, and M. Kristensen, “Wavelength-division demultiplexing using photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 226–228 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Harris, J. S.

Haus, H. A.

Hede, K. K.

T. Niemi, L. H. Frandsen, K. K. Hede, A. Harpoth, P. I. Borel, and M. Kristensen, “Wavelength-division demultiplexing using photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 226–228 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Heidrich, H.

L. Martinelli, H. Benisty, O. Khayam, G. H. Duan, H. Heidrich, and K. Janiak, “Analysis and optimization of compact demultiplexer monitor based on photonic crystal waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(9), 2385–2394 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Viasnoff-Schwoob, C. Weisbuch, H. Benisty, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, G.-H. Duan, L. Legouézigou, O. Legouézigou, F. Pommereau, S. Golka, H. Heidrich, H. J. Hensel, and K. Janiak, “Compact wavelength monitoring by lateral outcoupling in wedged photonic crystal multimode waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(10), 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hensel, H. J.

E. Viasnoff-Schwoob, C. Weisbuch, H. Benisty, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, G.-H. Duan, L. Legouézigou, O. Legouézigou, F. Pommereau, S. Golka, H. Heidrich, H. J. Hensel, and K. Janiak, “Compact wavelength monitoring by lateral outcoupling in wedged photonic crystal multimode waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(10), 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hsieh, W.-F.

Hsu, Y.-J.

Iemura, K.

S. Kamei, K. Iemura, A. Kaneko, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, H. Takahashi, and A. Sugita, “1.5%-Δ athermal arrayed-waveguide grating multi/demultiplexer with very low loss groove design,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(3), 588–590 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, Y.

S. Kamei, K. Iemura, A. Kaneko, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, H. Takahashi, and A. Sugita, “1.5%-Δ athermal arrayed-waveguide grating multi/demultiplexer with very low loss groove design,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(3), 588–590 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Janiak, K.

L. Martinelli, H. Benisty, O. Khayam, G. H. Duan, H. Heidrich, and K. Janiak, “Analysis and optimization of compact demultiplexer monitor based on photonic crystal waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(9), 2385–2394 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Viasnoff-Schwoob, C. Weisbuch, H. Benisty, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, G.-H. Duan, L. Legouézigou, O. Legouézigou, F. Pommereau, S. Golka, H. Heidrich, H. J. Hensel, and K. Janiak, “Compact wavelength monitoring by lateral outcoupling in wedged photonic crystal multimode waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(10), 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

Kamei, S.

S. Kamei, K. Iemura, A. Kaneko, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, H. Takahashi, and A. Sugita, “1.5%-Δ athermal arrayed-waveguide grating multi/demultiplexer with very low loss groove design,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(3), 588–590 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kaneko, A.

S. Kamei, K. Iemura, A. Kaneko, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, H. Takahashi, and A. Sugita, “1.5%-Δ athermal arrayed-waveguide grating multi/demultiplexer with very low loss groove design,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(3), 588–590 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Karle, T.

L. Wu, M. Mazilu, T. Karle, and T. F. Krauss, “Superprism phenomena in planar photonic crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38(4), 915–917 (2002).

Khayam, O.

Kim, H. J.

Koshiba, M.

Krauss, T. F.

Kristensen, M.

T. Niemi, L. H. Frandsen, K. K. Hede, A. Harpoth, P. I. Borel, and M. Kristensen, “Wavelength-division demultiplexing using photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 226–228 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kuramochi, E.

Lee, H.

Lee, R. K.

A. Adibi, R. K. Lee, Y. Xu, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, “Design of photonic crystal optical waveguides with singlemode propagation in the photonic bandgap,” Electron. Lett. 36(16), 1376–1378 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. G.

Legouézigou, L.

E. Viasnoff-Schwoob, C. Weisbuch, H. Benisty, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, G.-H. Duan, L. Legouézigou, O. Legouézigou, F. Pommereau, S. Golka, H. Heidrich, H. J. Hensel, and K. Janiak, “Compact wavelength monitoring by lateral outcoupling in wedged photonic crystal multimode waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(10), 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Legouézigou, O.

E. Viasnoff-Schwoob, C. Weisbuch, H. Benisty, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, G.-H. Duan, L. Legouézigou, O. Legouézigou, F. Pommereau, S. Golka, H. Heidrich, H. J. Hensel, and K. Janiak, “Compact wavelength monitoring by lateral outcoupling in wedged photonic crystal multimode waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(10), 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C. C.

Martinelli, L.

Mazilu, M.

L. Wu, M. Mazilu, T. Karle, and T. F. Krauss, “Superprism phenomena in planar photonic crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38(4), 915–917 (2002).

Midrio, M.

S. Boscolo, M. Midrio, and C. G. Someda, “Coupling and decoupling of electromagnetic waves in parallel 2D photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38(1), 47–53 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Miller, D. A. B.

Mitsugi, S.

Naureen, S.

Nazaria, F.

A. Rostami, F. Nazaria, H. Alipour Banaei, and A. Bahrami, “A novel proposal for DWDM demultiplexer design using modified-T photonic crystal structure,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 8(1), 14–22 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, B. E.

Niemi, T.

T. Niemi, L. H. Frandsen, K. K. Hede, A. Harpoth, P. I. Borel, and M. Kristensen, “Wavelength-division demultiplexing using photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 226–228 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Noda, S.

Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, Y. Akahane, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, “Theoretical investigation of a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab with truncated cone air holes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(11), 1661–1663 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B.-S. Song, S. Noda, and T. Asano, “Photonic devices based on in-plane hetero photonic crystals,” Science 300(5625), 1537 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Notomi, M.

O, B. H.

Ozbay, E.

Park, I.

Park, S. G.

Piestun, R.

Pommereau, F.

E. Viasnoff-Schwoob, C. Weisbuch, H. Benisty, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, G.-H. Duan, L. Legouézigou, O. Legouézigou, F. Pommereau, S. Golka, H. Heidrich, H. J. Hensel, and K. Janiak, “Compact wavelength monitoring by lateral outcoupling in wedged photonic crystal multimode waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(10), 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Prather, D. W.

Roelkens, G.

Rostami, A.

A. Rostami, F. Nazaria, H. Alipour Banaei, and A. Bahrami, “A novel proposal for DWDM demultiplexer design using modified-T photonic crystal structure,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 8(1), 14–22 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ryu, H. Y.

Scherer, A.

A. Adibi, R. K. Lee, Y. Xu, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, “Design of photonic crystal optical waveguides with singlemode propagation in the photonic bandgap,” Electron. Lett. 36(16), 1376–1378 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shahid, N.

Sharkawy, A.

Shi, S.

Shibata, T.

S. Kamei, K. Iemura, A. Kaneko, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, H. Takahashi, and A. Sugita, “1.5%-Δ athermal arrayed-waveguide grating multi/demultiplexer with very low loss groove design,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(3), 588–590 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shinya, A.

Someda, C. G.

S. Boscolo, M. Midrio, and C. G. Someda, “Coupling and decoupling of electromagnetic waves in parallel 2D photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38(1), 47–53 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Song, B.-S.

B.-S. Song, S. Noda, and T. Asano, “Photonic devices based on in-plane hetero photonic crystals,” Science 300(5625), 1537 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, Y. Akahane, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, “Theoretical investigation of a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab with truncated cone air holes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(11), 1661–1663 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Stomeo, T.

Sugita, A.

S. Kamei, K. Iemura, A. Kaneko, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, H. Takahashi, and A. Sugita, “1.5%-Δ athermal arrayed-waveguide grating multi/demultiplexer with very low loss groove design,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(3), 588–590 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Swillo, M.

Takahashi, H.

S. Kamei, K. Iemura, A. Kaneko, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, H. Takahashi, and A. Sugita, “1.5%-Δ athermal arrayed-waveguide grating multi/demultiplexer with very low loss groove design,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(3), 588–590 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, Y.

Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, Y. Akahane, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, “Theoretical investigation of a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab with truncated cone air holes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(11), 1661–1663 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Thorhauge, M.

Van Laere, F.

Van Thourhout, D.

Viasnoff-Schwoob, E.

E. Viasnoff-Schwoob, C. Weisbuch, H. Benisty, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, G.-H. Duan, L. Legouézigou, O. Legouézigou, F. Pommereau, S. Golka, H. Heidrich, H. J. Hensel, and K. Janiak, “Compact wavelength monitoring by lateral outcoupling in wedged photonic crystal multimode waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(10), 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Villeneuve, P. R.

Weisbuch, C.

E. Viasnoff-Schwoob, C. Weisbuch, H. Benisty, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, G.-H. Duan, L. Legouézigou, O. Legouézigou, F. Pommereau, S. Golka, H. Heidrich, H. J. Hensel, and K. Janiak, “Compact wavelength monitoring by lateral outcoupling in wedged photonic crystal multimode waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(10), 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wu, L.

L. Wu, M. Mazilu, T. Karle, and T. F. Krauss, “Superprism phenomena in planar photonic crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38(4), 915–917 (2002).

Xu, Y.

A. Adibi, R. K. Lee, Y. Xu, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, “Design of photonic crystal optical waveguides with singlemode propagation in the photonic bandgap,” Electron. Lett. 36(16), 1376–1378 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

A. Adibi, R. K. Lee, Y. Xu, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, “Design of photonic crystal optical waveguides with singlemode propagation in the photonic bandgap,” Electron. Lett. 36(16), 1376–1378 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, Y. Akahane, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, “Theoretical investigation of a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab with truncated cone air holes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(11), 1661–1663 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. Viasnoff-Schwoob, C. Weisbuch, H. Benisty, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, G.-H. Duan, L. Legouézigou, O. Legouézigou, F. Pommereau, S. Golka, H. Heidrich, H. J. Hensel, and K. Janiak, “Compact wavelength monitoring by lateral outcoupling in wedged photonic crystal multimode waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(10), 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. Adibi, R. K. Lee, Y. Xu, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, “Design of photonic crystal optical waveguides with singlemode propagation in the photonic bandgap,” Electron. Lett. 36(16), 1376–1378 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

L. Wu, M. Mazilu, T. Karle, and T. F. Krauss, “Superprism phenomena in planar photonic crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38(4), 915–917 (2002).

S. Boscolo, M. Midrio, and C. G. Someda, “Coupling and decoupling of electromagnetic waves in parallel 2D photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38(1), 47–53 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

T. Niemi, L. H. Frandsen, K. K. Hede, A. Harpoth, P. I. Borel, and M. Kristensen, “Wavelength-division demultiplexing using photonic crystal waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 226–228 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Kamei, K. Iemura, A. Kaneko, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, H. Takahashi, and A. Sugita, “1.5%-Δ athermal arrayed-waveguide grating multi/demultiplexer with very low loss groove design,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(3), 588–590 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Comput. Phys. (1)

J. P. Berenger, “A perfectly matched layer for the absorption of electromagnetic waves,” J. Comput. Phys. 114(2), 185–200 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

J. E. Centeno, B. Guizal, and D. Felbacq, “Multiplexing and demultiplexing with photonic crystals,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 1(5), L10–l13 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. (1)

A. Rostami, F. Nazaria, H. Alipour Banaei, and A. Bahrami, “A novel proposal for DWDM demultiplexer design using modified-T photonic crystal structure,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 8(1), 14–22 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

B.-S. Song, S. Noda, and T. Asano, “Photonic devices based on in-plane hetero photonic crystals,” Science 300(5625), 1537 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

A. Taflove, Computational Electrodynamics—The Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method, (Artech House, Norwood, MA 2000).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) The steady-state electric field distribution when the wavelength of incident light corresponds to a propagating mode within the photonic crystal waveguide. (b) The field distribution for a different frequency, which is in the vicinity of the slow light regime. The same PCW is used in both cases.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The schematic of the device that is designed for the wavelength de-multiplexing. The different wavelengths are spatially separated at different locations along the x-direction. The complete structure is composed of three PCWs of different dielectric filling factors.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The relation between the waveguide band cut-off frequency and the dielectric filling factor. The highlighted frequencies correspond to the selected PCW sections.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) The evolution of the waveguide bands due to the different dielectric filling factors, (b) the enlarged view of the vicinity of the slow light region, where the dashed lines correspond to the operating frequencies.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The output frequency spectra of the channels of each PCW section that has a r/a ratio of (a) 0.22, (b) 0.2, (c) 0.18, respectively.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The steady-state electric field profiles of the three de-multiplexed frequencies for each waveguide channel where the input beam is placed 5a away from the PC structure, (a) a/λ = 0.3086, (b) a/λ = 0.3158, (c) a/λ = 0.3247, (d) the steady-state electric field profile of an unselected frequency, which has a normalized frequency of a/λ = 0.34.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

The spatial distributions of the operating frequencies at three output channels in x-direction. The output levels are calculated nearly 5a away from the output channels. The green dashed lines show the positions of the output channels in x-direction.

Metrics