Abstract

The influence of surface plasmons on the magneto-optic activity in a two-dimensional hexagonal array is addressed. The experiments were performed using hexagonal array of circular holes in a ferromagnetic Ni film. Well pronounced troughs are observed in the optical reflectivity, resulting from the presence of surface plasmons. The surface plasmons are found to strongly enhance the magneto-optic response (Kerr rotation), as compared to a continuous film of the same composition. The influence of the hexagonal symmetry of the pattern on the coupling between the plasmonic excitations is demonstrated, using optical diffraction measurements and theoretical calculations of the magneto-optic and of the angular dependence of the optical activity.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
  2. V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, M. Pohl, V. A. Kotov, S. Kasture, A. S. Vengurlekar, G. A. Venu, D. R. Yakovlev, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Enhanced magneto-optical effects in magnetoplasmonic crystals,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 4, 1–7 (2011).
  3. J. F. Torrado, J. B. González-Díaz, M. U. González, A. García-Martín, and G. Armelles, “Magneto-optical effects in interacting localized and propagating surface plasmon modes,” Opt. Express 18, 15635–15642 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. B. Sepúlveda, A. Calle, L. M. Lechuga, and G. Armelles, “Highly sensitive detection of biomolecules with the magneto-optic surface-plasmon-resonance sensor,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1085–1087 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. B. C. Stipe, T. C. Strand, C. C. Poon, H. Balamane, T. D. Boone, J. A. Katine, J.-L. Li, V. Rawat, H. Nemoto, A. Hirotsune, O. Hellwig, R. Ruiz, E. Dobisz, D. S. Kercher, N. Robertson, T. R. Albrecht, and B. D. Terris, “Magnetic recording at 1.5 pb m-2 using an integrated plasmonic antenna,” Nat. Photonics 4, 484–488 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. J. F. Torrado, E. T. Papaioannou, G. Ctistis, P. Patoka, M. Giersig, G. Armelles, and A. Garcia-Martin, “Plasmon induced modification of the transverse magneto-optical response in fe antidot arrays,” Phys. Status Solidi (RRL) 4, 271–273 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. B. Gonzalez-Diaz, A. Garcia-Martin, G. Armelles, D. Navas, M. Vazquez, K. Nielsch, R. B. Wehrspohn, and U. Gösele, “Enhanced magneto-optics and size effects in ferromagnetic nanowire arrays,” Adv. Mater. 19, 2643–2647 (2007).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  17. A. García-Martín, G. Armelles, and S. Pereira, “Light transport in photonic crystals composed of magneto-optically active materials,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 205116 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  24. P. Fumagalli, C. Spaeth, U. Rudiger, and R. J. Gambino, “A new magneto-optic enhancement effect in macroscopic ferrimagnets,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 31, 3319–3324 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  25. V. I. Belotelov, L. L. Doskolovich, and A. K. Zvezdin, “Extraordinary magneto-optical effects and transmission through metal-dielectric plasmonic systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 077401 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

2011

V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, M. Pohl, V. A. Kotov, S. Kasture, A. S. Vengurlekar, G. A. Venu, D. R. Yakovlev, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Enhanced magneto-optical effects in magnetoplasmonic crystals,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 4, 1–7 (2011).

J. Chen, P. Albella, Z. Pirzadeh, P. Alonso-González, F. Huth, S. Bonetti, V. Bonanni, J. Åkerman, J. Nogués, P. Vavassori, A. Dmitriev, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Plasmonic nickel nanoantennas,” Small 7, 2341–2347 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

E. T. Papaioannou, V. Kapaklis, P. Patoka, M. Giersig, P. Fumagalli, A. Garcia-Martin, E. Ferreiro-Vila, and G. Ctistis, “Magneto-optic enhancement and magnetic properties in fe antidot films with hexagonal symmetry,” Phys. Rev. B 81, 054424 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Torrado, E. T. Papaioannou, G. Ctistis, P. Patoka, M. Giersig, G. Armelles, and A. Garcia-Martin, “Plasmon induced modification of the transverse magneto-optical response in fe antidot arrays,” Phys. Status Solidi (RRL) 4, 271–273 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Torrado, J. B. González-Díaz, M. U. González, A. García-Martín, and G. Armelles, “Magneto-optical effects in interacting localized and propagating surface plasmon modes,” Opt. Express 18, 15635–15642 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. C. Stipe, T. C. Strand, C. C. Poon, H. Balamane, T. D. Boone, J. A. Katine, J.-L. Li, V. Rawat, H. Nemoto, A. Hirotsune, O. Hellwig, R. Ruiz, E. Dobisz, D. S. Kercher, N. Robertson, T. R. Albrecht, and B. D. Terris, “Magnetic recording at 1.5 pb m-2 using an integrated plasmonic antenna,” Nat. Photonics 4, 484–488 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Temnov, G. Armelles, U. Woggon, D. Guzatov, A. Cebollada, A. Garcia-Martin, J.-M. Garcia-Martin, T. Thomay, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Bratschitsch, “Active magneto-plasmonics in hybrid metal-ferromagnet structures,” Nat. Photonics 4, 107–111 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Poulopoulos, V. Kapaklis, P. E. Jonsson, E. T. Papaioannou, A. Delimitis, S. D. Pappas, D. Trachylis, and C. Politis, “Positive surface and perpendicular magnetic anisotropy in natural nanomorphous ni/nio multilayers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 202503 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

G. Ctistis, E. Papaioannou, P. Patoka, J. Gutek, P. Fumagalli, and M. Giersig, “Optical and magnetic properties of hexagonal arrays of subwavelength holes in optically thin cobalt films,” Nano Lett. 9, 1–6 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

D. M. Newman, M. Wears, R. J. Matelon, and I. R. Hooper, “Magneto-optic behaviour in the presence of surface plasmons,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 20, 345230 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. M. Strelniker and D. J. Bergman, “Transmittance and transparency of subwavelength-perforated conducting films in the presence of a magnetic field,” Phys. Rev. B 77, 205113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

V. I. Belotelov, L. L. Doskolovich, and A. K. Zvezdin, “Extraordinary magneto-optical effects and transmission through metal-dielectric plasmonic systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 077401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. T. Papaioannou, M. Angelakeris, N. K. Flevaris, P. Fumagalli, C. Mueller, A. Troupis, A. Spanou, V. Karoutsos, P. Poulopoulos, V. Kapaklis, and C. Politis, “Magnetism and magneto-optics of nanocrystalline ni/pt multilayers grown by e-beam evaporation at room temperature,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 023913 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445, 39–46 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Gonzalez-Diaz, A. Garcia-Martin, G. Armelles, D. Navas, M. Vazquez, K. Nielsch, R. B. Wehrspohn, and U. Gösele, “Enhanced magneto-optics and size effects in ferromagnetic nanowire arrays,” Adv. Mater. 19, 2643–2647 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

2005

A. García-Martín, G. Armelles, and S. Pereira, “Light transport in photonic crystals composed of magneto-optically active materials,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 205116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995

P. Fumagalli, C. Spaeth, U. Rudiger, and R. J. Gambino, “A new magneto-optic enhancement effect in macroscopic ferrimagnets,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 31, 3319–3324 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993

S. Visnovsk, V. Parzek, M. Nvlt, P. Kielar, V. Prosser, and R. Krishnan, “Magneto-optical kerr spectra of nickel,” J. Magn. Magnetic Mater. 127, 135 – 139 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. Saiki, A. Kaduwela, M. Sagurton, J. Osterwalder, D. Friedman, C. Fadley, and C. Brundle, “X-ray photoelectron diffraction and low-energy electron diffraction study of the interaction of oxygen with the ni(001) surface: c(2 2) to saturated oxide,” Surf. Sci. 282, 33–61 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992

P. M. Oppeneer, T. Maurer, J. Sticht, and J. Kübler, “Ab initio calculated magneto-optical kerr effect of ferro-magnetic metals: Fe and Ni,” Phys. Rev. B 45, 10924–10933 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1935

R. W. Wood, “Anomalous diffraction gratings,” Phys. Rev. 48, 928–936 (1935).
[CrossRef]

Aizpurua, J.

J. Chen, P. Albella, Z. Pirzadeh, P. Alonso-González, F. Huth, S. Bonetti, V. Bonanni, J. Åkerman, J. Nogués, P. Vavassori, A. Dmitriev, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Plasmonic nickel nanoantennas,” Small 7, 2341–2347 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Åkerman, J.

J. Chen, P. Albella, Z. Pirzadeh, P. Alonso-González, F. Huth, S. Bonetti, V. Bonanni, J. Åkerman, J. Nogués, P. Vavassori, A. Dmitriev, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Plasmonic nickel nanoantennas,” Small 7, 2341–2347 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Akimov, I. A.

V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, M. Pohl, V. A. Kotov, S. Kasture, A. S. Vengurlekar, G. A. Venu, D. R. Yakovlev, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Enhanced magneto-optical effects in magnetoplasmonic crystals,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 4, 1–7 (2011).

Albella, P.

J. Chen, P. Albella, Z. Pirzadeh, P. Alonso-González, F. Huth, S. Bonetti, V. Bonanni, J. Åkerman, J. Nogués, P. Vavassori, A. Dmitriev, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Plasmonic nickel nanoantennas,” Small 7, 2341–2347 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Albrecht, T. R.

B. C. Stipe, T. C. Strand, C. C. Poon, H. Balamane, T. D. Boone, J. A. Katine, J.-L. Li, V. Rawat, H. Nemoto, A. Hirotsune, O. Hellwig, R. Ruiz, E. Dobisz, D. S. Kercher, N. Robertson, T. R. Albrecht, and B. D. Terris, “Magnetic recording at 1.5 pb m-2 using an integrated plasmonic antenna,” Nat. Photonics 4, 484–488 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Alonso-González, P.

J. Chen, P. Albella, Z. Pirzadeh, P. Alonso-González, F. Huth, S. Bonetti, V. Bonanni, J. Åkerman, J. Nogués, P. Vavassori, A. Dmitriev, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Plasmonic nickel nanoantennas,” Small 7, 2341–2347 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Angelakeris, M.

E. T. Papaioannou, M. Angelakeris, N. K. Flevaris, P. Fumagalli, C. Mueller, A. Troupis, A. Spanou, V. Karoutsos, P. Poulopoulos, V. Kapaklis, and C. Politis, “Magnetism and magneto-optics of nanocrystalline ni/pt multilayers grown by e-beam evaporation at room temperature,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 023913 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Armelles, G.

J. F. Torrado, E. T. Papaioannou, G. Ctistis, P. Patoka, M. Giersig, G. Armelles, and A. Garcia-Martin, “Plasmon induced modification of the transverse magneto-optical response in fe antidot arrays,” Phys. Status Solidi (RRL) 4, 271–273 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Temnov, G. Armelles, U. Woggon, D. Guzatov, A. Cebollada, A. Garcia-Martin, J.-M. Garcia-Martin, T. Thomay, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Bratschitsch, “Active magneto-plasmonics in hybrid metal-ferromagnet structures,” Nat. Photonics 4, 107–111 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Torrado, J. B. González-Díaz, M. U. González, A. García-Martín, and G. Armelles, “Magneto-optical effects in interacting localized and propagating surface plasmon modes,” Opt. Express 18, 15635–15642 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Gonzalez-Diaz, A. Garcia-Martin, G. Armelles, D. Navas, M. Vazquez, K. Nielsch, R. B. Wehrspohn, and U. Gösele, “Enhanced magneto-optics and size effects in ferromagnetic nanowire arrays,” Adv. Mater. 19, 2643–2647 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Sepúlveda, A. Calle, L. M. Lechuga, and G. Armelles, “Highly sensitive detection of biomolecules with the magneto-optic surface-plasmon-resonance sensor,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1085–1087 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. García-Martín, G. Armelles, and S. Pereira, “Light transport in photonic crystals composed of magneto-optically active materials,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 205116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Balamane, H.

B. C. Stipe, T. C. Strand, C. C. Poon, H. Balamane, T. D. Boone, J. A. Katine, J.-L. Li, V. Rawat, H. Nemoto, A. Hirotsune, O. Hellwig, R. Ruiz, E. Dobisz, D. S. Kercher, N. Robertson, T. R. Albrecht, and B. D. Terris, “Magnetic recording at 1.5 pb m-2 using an integrated plasmonic antenna,” Nat. Photonics 4, 484–488 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bayer, M.

V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, M. Pohl, V. A. Kotov, S. Kasture, A. S. Vengurlekar, G. A. Venu, D. R. Yakovlev, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Enhanced magneto-optical effects in magnetoplasmonic crystals,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 4, 1–7 (2011).

Belotelov, V. I.

V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, M. Pohl, V. A. Kotov, S. Kasture, A. S. Vengurlekar, G. A. Venu, D. R. Yakovlev, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Enhanced magneto-optical effects in magnetoplasmonic crystals,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 4, 1–7 (2011).

V. I. Belotelov, L. L. Doskolovich, and A. K. Zvezdin, “Extraordinary magneto-optical effects and transmission through metal-dielectric plasmonic systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 077401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bergman, D. J.

Y. M. Strelniker and D. J. Bergman, “Transmittance and transparency of subwavelength-perforated conducting films in the presence of a magnetic field,” Phys. Rev. B 77, 205113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bonanni, V.

J. Chen, P. Albella, Z. Pirzadeh, P. Alonso-González, F. Huth, S. Bonetti, V. Bonanni, J. Åkerman, J. Nogués, P. Vavassori, A. Dmitriev, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Plasmonic nickel nanoantennas,” Small 7, 2341–2347 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bonetti, S.

J. Chen, P. Albella, Z. Pirzadeh, P. Alonso-González, F. Huth, S. Bonetti, V. Bonanni, J. Åkerman, J. Nogués, P. Vavassori, A. Dmitriev, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Plasmonic nickel nanoantennas,” Small 7, 2341–2347 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Boone, T. D.

B. C. Stipe, T. C. Strand, C. C. Poon, H. Balamane, T. D. Boone, J. A. Katine, J.-L. Li, V. Rawat, H. Nemoto, A. Hirotsune, O. Hellwig, R. Ruiz, E. Dobisz, D. S. Kercher, N. Robertson, T. R. Albrecht, and B. D. Terris, “Magnetic recording at 1.5 pb m-2 using an integrated plasmonic antenna,” Nat. Photonics 4, 484–488 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bratschitsch, R.

V. V. Temnov, G. Armelles, U. Woggon, D. Guzatov, A. Cebollada, A. Garcia-Martin, J.-M. Garcia-Martin, T. Thomay, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Bratschitsch, “Active magneto-plasmonics in hybrid metal-ferromagnet structures,” Nat. Photonics 4, 107–111 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Brundle, C.

R. Saiki, A. Kaduwela, M. Sagurton, J. Osterwalder, D. Friedman, C. Fadley, and C. Brundle, “X-ray photoelectron diffraction and low-energy electron diffraction study of the interaction of oxygen with the ni(001) surface: c(2 2) to saturated oxide,” Surf. Sci. 282, 33–61 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Calle, A.

Cebollada, A.

V. V. Temnov, G. Armelles, U. Woggon, D. Guzatov, A. Cebollada, A. Garcia-Martin, J.-M. Garcia-Martin, T. Thomay, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Bratschitsch, “Active magneto-plasmonics in hybrid metal-ferromagnet structures,” Nat. Photonics 4, 107–111 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

J. Chen, P. Albella, Z. Pirzadeh, P. Alonso-González, F. Huth, S. Bonetti, V. Bonanni, J. Åkerman, J. Nogués, P. Vavassori, A. Dmitriev, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Plasmonic nickel nanoantennas,” Small 7, 2341–2347 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ctistis, G.

J. F. Torrado, E. T. Papaioannou, G. Ctistis, P. Patoka, M. Giersig, G. Armelles, and A. Garcia-Martin, “Plasmon induced modification of the transverse magneto-optical response in fe antidot arrays,” Phys. Status Solidi (RRL) 4, 271–273 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. T. Papaioannou, V. Kapaklis, P. Patoka, M. Giersig, P. Fumagalli, A. Garcia-Martin, E. Ferreiro-Vila, and G. Ctistis, “Magneto-optic enhancement and magnetic properties in fe antidot films with hexagonal symmetry,” Phys. Rev. B 81, 054424 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Ctistis, E. Papaioannou, P. Patoka, J. Gutek, P. Fumagalli, and M. Giersig, “Optical and magnetic properties of hexagonal arrays of subwavelength holes in optically thin cobalt films,” Nano Lett. 9, 1–6 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Delimitis, A.

P. Poulopoulos, V. Kapaklis, P. E. Jonsson, E. T. Papaioannou, A. Delimitis, S. D. Pappas, D. Trachylis, and C. Politis, “Positive surface and perpendicular magnetic anisotropy in natural nanomorphous ni/nio multilayers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 202503 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dereux, A.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dmitriev, A.

J. Chen, P. Albella, Z. Pirzadeh, P. Alonso-González, F. Huth, S. Bonetti, V. Bonanni, J. Åkerman, J. Nogués, P. Vavassori, A. Dmitriev, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Plasmonic nickel nanoantennas,” Small 7, 2341–2347 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dobisz, E.

B. C. Stipe, T. C. Strand, C. C. Poon, H. Balamane, T. D. Boone, J. A. Katine, J.-L. Li, V. Rawat, H. Nemoto, A. Hirotsune, O. Hellwig, R. Ruiz, E. Dobisz, D. S. Kercher, N. Robertson, T. R. Albrecht, and B. D. Terris, “Magnetic recording at 1.5 pb m-2 using an integrated plasmonic antenna,” Nat. Photonics 4, 484–488 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Doskolovich, L. L.

V. I. Belotelov, L. L. Doskolovich, and A. K. Zvezdin, “Extraordinary magneto-optical effects and transmission through metal-dielectric plasmonic systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 077401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ebbesen, T. W.

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445, 39–46 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

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B. C. Stipe, T. C. Strand, C. C. Poon, H. Balamane, T. D. Boone, J. A. Katine, J.-L. Li, V. Rawat, H. Nemoto, A. Hirotsune, O. Hellwig, R. Ruiz, E. Dobisz, D. S. Kercher, N. Robertson, T. R. Albrecht, and B. D. Terris, “Magnetic recording at 1.5 pb m-2 using an integrated plasmonic antenna,” Nat. Photonics 4, 484–488 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Robertson, N.

B. C. Stipe, T. C. Strand, C. C. Poon, H. Balamane, T. D. Boone, J. A. Katine, J.-L. Li, V. Rawat, H. Nemoto, A. Hirotsune, O. Hellwig, R. Ruiz, E. Dobisz, D. S. Kercher, N. Robertson, T. R. Albrecht, and B. D. Terris, “Magnetic recording at 1.5 pb m-2 using an integrated plasmonic antenna,” Nat. Photonics 4, 484–488 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rudiger, U.

P. Fumagalli, C. Spaeth, U. Rudiger, and R. J. Gambino, “A new magneto-optic enhancement effect in macroscopic ferrimagnets,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 31, 3319–3324 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ruiz, R.

B. C. Stipe, T. C. Strand, C. C. Poon, H. Balamane, T. D. Boone, J. A. Katine, J.-L. Li, V. Rawat, H. Nemoto, A. Hirotsune, O. Hellwig, R. Ruiz, E. Dobisz, D. S. Kercher, N. Robertson, T. R. Albrecht, and B. D. Terris, “Magnetic recording at 1.5 pb m-2 using an integrated plasmonic antenna,” Nat. Photonics 4, 484–488 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sagurton, M.

R. Saiki, A. Kaduwela, M. Sagurton, J. Osterwalder, D. Friedman, C. Fadley, and C. Brundle, “X-ray photoelectron diffraction and low-energy electron diffraction study of the interaction of oxygen with the ni(001) surface: c(2 2) to saturated oxide,” Surf. Sci. 282, 33–61 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Saiki, R.

R. Saiki, A. Kaduwela, M. Sagurton, J. Osterwalder, D. Friedman, C. Fadley, and C. Brundle, “X-ray photoelectron diffraction and low-energy electron diffraction study of the interaction of oxygen with the ni(001) surface: c(2 2) to saturated oxide,” Surf. Sci. 282, 33–61 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sepúlveda, B.

Spaeth, C.

P. Fumagalli, C. Spaeth, U. Rudiger, and R. J. Gambino, “A new magneto-optic enhancement effect in macroscopic ferrimagnets,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 31, 3319–3324 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Spanou, A.

E. T. Papaioannou, M. Angelakeris, N. K. Flevaris, P. Fumagalli, C. Mueller, A. Troupis, A. Spanou, V. Karoutsos, P. Poulopoulos, V. Kapaklis, and C. Politis, “Magnetism and magneto-optics of nanocrystalline ni/pt multilayers grown by e-beam evaporation at room temperature,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 023913 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sticht, J.

P. M. Oppeneer, T. Maurer, J. Sticht, and J. Kübler, “Ab initio calculated magneto-optical kerr effect of ferro-magnetic metals: Fe and Ni,” Phys. Rev. B 45, 10924–10933 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Stipe, B. C.

B. C. Stipe, T. C. Strand, C. C. Poon, H. Balamane, T. D. Boone, J. A. Katine, J.-L. Li, V. Rawat, H. Nemoto, A. Hirotsune, O. Hellwig, R. Ruiz, E. Dobisz, D. S. Kercher, N. Robertson, T. R. Albrecht, and B. D. Terris, “Magnetic recording at 1.5 pb m-2 using an integrated plasmonic antenna,” Nat. Photonics 4, 484–488 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Strand, T. C.

B. C. Stipe, T. C. Strand, C. C. Poon, H. Balamane, T. D. Boone, J. A. Katine, J.-L. Li, V. Rawat, H. Nemoto, A. Hirotsune, O. Hellwig, R. Ruiz, E. Dobisz, D. S. Kercher, N. Robertson, T. R. Albrecht, and B. D. Terris, “Magnetic recording at 1.5 pb m-2 using an integrated plasmonic antenna,” Nat. Photonics 4, 484–488 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Strelniker, Y. M.

Y. M. Strelniker and D. J. Bergman, “Transmittance and transparency of subwavelength-perforated conducting films in the presence of a magnetic field,” Phys. Rev. B 77, 205113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Temnov, V. V.

V. V. Temnov, G. Armelles, U. Woggon, D. Guzatov, A. Cebollada, A. Garcia-Martin, J.-M. Garcia-Martin, T. Thomay, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Bratschitsch, “Active magneto-plasmonics in hybrid metal-ferromagnet structures,” Nat. Photonics 4, 107–111 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Terris, B. D.

B. C. Stipe, T. C. Strand, C. C. Poon, H. Balamane, T. D. Boone, J. A. Katine, J.-L. Li, V. Rawat, H. Nemoto, A. Hirotsune, O. Hellwig, R. Ruiz, E. Dobisz, D. S. Kercher, N. Robertson, T. R. Albrecht, and B. D. Terris, “Magnetic recording at 1.5 pb m-2 using an integrated plasmonic antenna,” Nat. Photonics 4, 484–488 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Thio, T.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Thomay, T.

V. V. Temnov, G. Armelles, U. Woggon, D. Guzatov, A. Cebollada, A. Garcia-Martin, J.-M. Garcia-Martin, T. Thomay, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Bratschitsch, “Active magneto-plasmonics in hybrid metal-ferromagnet structures,” Nat. Photonics 4, 107–111 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Torrado, J. F.

J. F. Torrado, J. B. González-Díaz, M. U. González, A. García-Martín, and G. Armelles, “Magneto-optical effects in interacting localized and propagating surface plasmon modes,” Opt. Express 18, 15635–15642 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. Torrado, E. T. Papaioannou, G. Ctistis, P. Patoka, M. Giersig, G. Armelles, and A. Garcia-Martin, “Plasmon induced modification of the transverse magneto-optical response in fe antidot arrays,” Phys. Status Solidi (RRL) 4, 271–273 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Trachylis, D.

P. Poulopoulos, V. Kapaklis, P. E. Jonsson, E. T. Papaioannou, A. Delimitis, S. D. Pappas, D. Trachylis, and C. Politis, “Positive surface and perpendicular magnetic anisotropy in natural nanomorphous ni/nio multilayers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 202503 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Troupis, A.

E. T. Papaioannou, M. Angelakeris, N. K. Flevaris, P. Fumagalli, C. Mueller, A. Troupis, A. Spanou, V. Karoutsos, P. Poulopoulos, V. Kapaklis, and C. Politis, “Magnetism and magneto-optics of nanocrystalline ni/pt multilayers grown by e-beam evaporation at room temperature,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 023913 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vavassori, P.

J. Chen, P. Albella, Z. Pirzadeh, P. Alonso-González, F. Huth, S. Bonetti, V. Bonanni, J. Åkerman, J. Nogués, P. Vavassori, A. Dmitriev, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Plasmonic nickel nanoantennas,” Small 7, 2341–2347 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Vazquez, M.

J. B. Gonzalez-Diaz, A. Garcia-Martin, G. Armelles, D. Navas, M. Vazquez, K. Nielsch, R. B. Wehrspohn, and U. Gösele, “Enhanced magneto-optics and size effects in ferromagnetic nanowire arrays,” Adv. Mater. 19, 2643–2647 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vengurlekar, A. S.

V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, M. Pohl, V. A. Kotov, S. Kasture, A. S. Vengurlekar, G. A. Venu, D. R. Yakovlev, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Enhanced magneto-optical effects in magnetoplasmonic crystals,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 4, 1–7 (2011).

Venu, G. A.

V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, M. Pohl, V. A. Kotov, S. Kasture, A. S. Vengurlekar, G. A. Venu, D. R. Yakovlev, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Enhanced magneto-optical effects in magnetoplasmonic crystals,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 4, 1–7 (2011).

Visnovsk, S.

S. Visnovsk, V. Parzek, M. Nvlt, P. Kielar, V. Prosser, and R. Krishnan, “Magneto-optical kerr spectra of nickel,” J. Magn. Magnetic Mater. 127, 135 – 139 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wears, M.

D. M. Newman, M. Wears, R. J. Matelon, and I. R. Hooper, “Magneto-optic behaviour in the presence of surface plasmons,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 20, 345230 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wehrspohn, R. B.

J. B. Gonzalez-Diaz, A. Garcia-Martin, G. Armelles, D. Navas, M. Vazquez, K. Nielsch, R. B. Wehrspohn, and U. Gösele, “Enhanced magneto-optics and size effects in ferromagnetic nanowire arrays,” Adv. Mater. 19, 2643–2647 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Woggon, U.

V. V. Temnov, G. Armelles, U. Woggon, D. Guzatov, A. Cebollada, A. Garcia-Martin, J.-M. Garcia-Martin, T. Thomay, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Bratschitsch, “Active magneto-plasmonics in hybrid metal-ferromagnet structures,” Nat. Photonics 4, 107–111 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wolff, P. A.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wood, R. W.

R. W. Wood, “Anomalous diffraction gratings,” Phys. Rev. 48, 928–936 (1935).
[CrossRef]

Yakovlev, D. R.

V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, M. Pohl, V. A. Kotov, S. Kasture, A. S. Vengurlekar, G. A. Venu, D. R. Yakovlev, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Enhanced magneto-optical effects in magnetoplasmonic crystals,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 4, 1–7 (2011).

Zvezdin, A. K.

V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, M. Pohl, V. A. Kotov, S. Kasture, A. S. Vengurlekar, G. A. Venu, D. R. Yakovlev, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Enhanced magneto-optical effects in magnetoplasmonic crystals,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 4, 1–7 (2011).

V. I. Belotelov, L. L. Doskolovich, and A. K. Zvezdin, “Extraordinary magneto-optical effects and transmission through metal-dielectric plasmonic systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 077401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. K. Zvezdin and V. A. Kotov, Modern magnetooptics and magnetooptical materials (IOP Publishing, 1997).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater.

J. B. Gonzalez-Diaz, A. Garcia-Martin, G. Armelles, D. Navas, M. Vazquez, K. Nielsch, R. B. Wehrspohn, and U. Gösele, “Enhanced magneto-optics and size effects in ferromagnetic nanowire arrays,” Adv. Mater. 19, 2643–2647 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

P. Poulopoulos, V. Kapaklis, P. E. Jonsson, E. T. Papaioannou, A. Delimitis, S. D. Pappas, D. Trachylis, and C. Politis, “Positive surface and perpendicular magnetic anisotropy in natural nanomorphous ni/nio multilayers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 202503 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Magn.

P. Fumagalli, C. Spaeth, U. Rudiger, and R. J. Gambino, “A new magneto-optic enhancement effect in macroscopic ferrimagnets,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 31, 3319–3324 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

E. T. Papaioannou, M. Angelakeris, N. K. Flevaris, P. Fumagalli, C. Mueller, A. Troupis, A. Spanou, V. Karoutsos, P. Poulopoulos, V. Kapaklis, and C. Politis, “Magnetism and magneto-optics of nanocrystalline ni/pt multilayers grown by e-beam evaporation at room temperature,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 023913 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Magn. Magnetic Mater.

S. Visnovsk, V. Parzek, M. Nvlt, P. Kielar, V. Prosser, and R. Krishnan, “Magneto-optical kerr spectra of nickel,” J. Magn. Magnetic Mater. 127, 135 – 139 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Condens. Matter

D. M. Newman, M. Wears, R. J. Matelon, and I. R. Hooper, “Magneto-optic behaviour in the presence of surface plasmons,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 20, 345230 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett.

G. Ctistis, E. Papaioannou, P. Patoka, J. Gutek, P. Fumagalli, and M. Giersig, “Optical and magnetic properties of hexagonal arrays of subwavelength holes in optically thin cobalt films,” Nano Lett. 9, 1–6 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Nanotechnol.

V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, M. Pohl, V. A. Kotov, S. Kasture, A. S. Vengurlekar, G. A. Venu, D. R. Yakovlev, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Enhanced magneto-optical effects in magnetoplasmonic crystals,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 4, 1–7 (2011).

Nat. Photonics

B. C. Stipe, T. C. Strand, C. C. Poon, H. Balamane, T. D. Boone, J. A. Katine, J.-L. Li, V. Rawat, H. Nemoto, A. Hirotsune, O. Hellwig, R. Ruiz, E. Dobisz, D. S. Kercher, N. Robertson, T. R. Albrecht, and B. D. Terris, “Magnetic recording at 1.5 pb m-2 using an integrated plasmonic antenna,” Nat. Photonics 4, 484–488 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Temnov, G. Armelles, U. Woggon, D. Guzatov, A. Cebollada, A. Garcia-Martin, J.-M. Garcia-Martin, T. Thomay, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Bratschitsch, “Active magneto-plasmonics in hybrid metal-ferromagnet structures,” Nat. Photonics 4, 107–111 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nature

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445, 39–46 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev.

R. W. Wood, “Anomalous diffraction gratings,” Phys. Rev. 48, 928–936 (1935).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

Y. M. Strelniker and D. J. Bergman, “Transmittance and transparency of subwavelength-perforated conducting films in the presence of a magnetic field,” Phys. Rev. B 77, 205113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. T. Papaioannou, V. Kapaklis, P. Patoka, M. Giersig, P. Fumagalli, A. Garcia-Martin, E. Ferreiro-Vila, and G. Ctistis, “Magneto-optic enhancement and magnetic properties in fe antidot films with hexagonal symmetry,” Phys. Rev. B 81, 054424 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Oppeneer, T. Maurer, J. Sticht, and J. Kübler, “Ab initio calculated magneto-optical kerr effect of ferro-magnetic metals: Fe and Ni,” Phys. Rev. B 45, 10924–10933 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. García-Martín, G. Armelles, and S. Pereira, “Light transport in photonic crystals composed of magneto-optically active materials,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 205116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

V. I. Belotelov, L. L. Doskolovich, and A. K. Zvezdin, “Extraordinary magneto-optical effects and transmission through metal-dielectric plasmonic systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 077401 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Status Solidi (RRL)

J. F. Torrado, E. T. Papaioannou, G. Ctistis, P. Patoka, M. Giersig, G. Armelles, and A. Garcia-Martin, “Plasmon induced modification of the transverse magneto-optical response in fe antidot arrays,” Phys. Status Solidi (RRL) 4, 271–273 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Small

J. Chen, P. Albella, Z. Pirzadeh, P. Alonso-González, F. Huth, S. Bonetti, V. Bonanni, J. Åkerman, J. Nogués, P. Vavassori, A. Dmitriev, J. Aizpurua, and R. Hillenbrand, “Plasmonic nickel nanoantennas,” Small 7, 2341–2347 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Surf. Sci.

R. Saiki, A. Kaduwela, M. Sagurton, J. Osterwalder, D. Friedman, C. Fadley, and C. Brundle, “X-ray photoelectron diffraction and low-energy electron diffraction study of the interaction of oxygen with the ni(001) surface: c(2 2) to saturated oxide,” Surf. Sci. 282, 33–61 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Other

Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids Part II (Academic Press, New York, 1985).

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons (Springer-VerlagBerlin Heidelberg, 1988).

S. A. Maier, Plasmonics : Fundamentals and Applications (Springer Science + Business Media LLC, 2007).

A. K. Zvezdin and V. A. Kotov, Modern magnetooptics and magnetooptical materials (IOP Publishing, 1997).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Scanning electron microscopy image of the sample’s surface indicating the overall good quality of the lithographic process. The sample has an average pitch size of a = 470 nm and hole diameter of d = 275 nm. (b) Real and reciprocal space of a two dimensional (2D) hexagonal lattice and the corresponding angle definitions that are used in this experiment.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the measurement configuration including the definition of the angles. All the measurements discussed here were performed with θin=θout=θ.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Reflectivity spectra as a function of wavelength of the Ni reference film and the Ni anti-dot array (a = 470 nm, d = 275 nm) at 8° angle of incidence. The vertical lines denote the calculated positions of reflection minima according to the Eq. (6) at normal incidence for a Ni film-air interface. (b) Kerr spectra of the two samples. Enhancement of the Kerr rotation is observed at positions where characteristic troughs in reflectivity occur due to SPPs excitation. The continuous lines represent the calculated reflectivity and polar Kerr rotation versus photon energy.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Reflectivity spectra as a function of angle of incidence for the anti-dot Ni film with a = 470 nm and d = 275 nm. Measurements performed with λ = 660 nm for (a) s- and (b) p-polarized light. The minimum indicates the energy absorption due to SPPs excitation. The data have been normalized to their maximum value. Inset: Corresponding theoretical calculations for the experimental cases. The reflectivity is calculated relative to a reference sample. The theoretical model supports the experimental data.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Theoretical energy and angular dependent evolution of reflectivity depicted in a 2D map. The calculations have been performed for p-polarized light at ϕ = 0°. (b) Reflectivity of the zero order reflection for p-polarized light at ϕ = 0° for four different wavelengths. The reflectivity value of each sample is normalized to their maximum value.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

| k spp | = k 0 ɛ m ɛ d ɛ m + ɛ d
k spp = k x ± i G x ± j G y
k x = | k 0 | sin ( θ ) cos ( ϕ ) x + | k 0 | sin ( θ ) sin ( ϕ ) y
| k spp | = [ ( 2 π λ sin θ + i 4 π 3 a 0 ) 2 + ( j 4 π 3 a 0 ) 2 + ( 2 π λ sin θ + i 4 π 3 a 0 ) ( j 4 π 3 a 0 ) ] 1 / 2
ɛ m ɛ d ɛ m + ɛ d = sin 2 θ + 2 3 λ a 0 ( 2 i + j ) sin θ + 4 3 λ 2 a 0 2 ( i 2 + j 2 + i j )
λ = a 0 4 3 ( i 2 + j 2 + i j ) ɛ m ɛ d ɛ m + ɛ d

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