Abstract

We have prepared optically birefringence materials consisting of an isotropic core of metal nanoparticle and an anisotropic shell of amorphous oxide. The sample shows an enhanced optical birefringence in a wavelength-selective way. The sample was prepared by depositing amorphous iron oxide thin films on top of the silver nanoparticles using the oblique deposition technique. This results in ellipsoidal shell of amorphous iron oxide surrounding a silver nanoparticle. The form birefringence appears because of the anisotropic shape of shells; the refractive index for the light polarized whose polarization is parallel to the elongation direction of ellipsoid is different from that for the light polarized perpendicularly. Moreover, the rotation of polarization plane is significantly enhanced at around the wavelength of localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR). The difference in refractive index between two optical axes is as large as 0.34 for a 600 nm light, which is more than twice of typical birefringence crystal calcite (0.14 for visible light). It is speculated that the anisotropic shell induces the dependence of LSPR wavelength on the polarization direction of the incident light, which causes the polarization dependence of refractive index through the Kramers-Kronig relation.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2011 (2)

S. Murai, R. Hattori, T. Matoba, K. Fujita, and K. Tanaka, “Enhancement of optical birefringence in tellurite glasses containing silver nanoparticles induced via thermal poling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2259–2263 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Dolatshahi-Pirouz, D. S. Sutherland, M. Foss, and F. Besenbacher, “Growth characteristics of inclined columns produced by glancing angle deposition (GLAD) and colloidal lithography,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 257(6), 2226–2230 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

S. Murai, R. Hattori, K. Fujita, and K. Tanaka, “Optical birefringence in tellurite glass containing silver nanoparticles precipitated through thermal process,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(10), 102001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

J. Sung, M. Sukharev, E. M. Hicks, R. P. Van Duyne, T. Seideman, and K. G. Spears, “Nanoparticle spectroscopy: birefringence in two-dimensional arrays of L-shaped silver nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(9), 3252–3260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, C. Torres-Torres, J. C. Cheang-Wong, A. Crespo-Sosa, L. Rodríguez-Fernández, C. Noguez, and A. Oliver; “Large optical birefringence by anisotropic silver nanocomposites,” Opt. Express 16(2), 710–717 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

S. V. Kesapragada and D. Gall, “Two-component nanopillar arrays grown by glancing angle deposition,” Thin Solid Films 494(1-2), 234–239 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. L. Muskens, M. T. Borgstrom, E. P. A. M. Bakkers, and J. Gómez Rivas, “Giant optical birefringence in ensembles of semiconductor nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(23), 233117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

J. Elliott, I. I. Smolyaninov, N. I. Zheludev, and A. V. Zayats, “Wavelength dependent birefringence of surface plasmon polaritonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 70(23), 233403 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Strong polarization in the optical transmission through elliptical nanohole arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(3), 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Nakashima, H. Omoto, and H. Wakabayashi, “Formation of a random array of fine silver particles from a silver film: preparation of the frequency selective screen,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(12), 7790–7797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

M. Kaempfe, G. Seifert, K.-J. Berg, H. Hofmeister, and H. Graener, “Polarization dependence of the permanent deformation of silver nanoparticles in glass by ultrashort laser pulses,” Eur. Phys. J. D 16(1), 237–240 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1993 (1)

A. Berger, “Prolate silver particles in glass surfaces,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 163(2), 185–194 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

1968 (1)

Araujo, R. J.

Aussenegg, F. R.

Bai, B.

Bakkers, E. P. A. M.

O. L. Muskens, M. T. Borgstrom, E. P. A. M. Bakkers, and J. Gómez Rivas, “Giant optical birefringence in ensembles of semiconductor nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(23), 233117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Berg, K.-J.

M. Kaempfe, G. Seifert, K.-J. Berg, H. Hofmeister, and H. Graener, “Polarization dependence of the permanent deformation of silver nanoparticles in glass by ultrashort laser pulses,” Eur. Phys. J. D 16(1), 237–240 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Berger, A.

A. Berger, “Prolate silver particles in glass surfaces,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 163(2), 185–194 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Besenbacher, F.

A. Dolatshahi-Pirouz, D. S. Sutherland, M. Foss, and F. Besenbacher, “Growth characteristics of inclined columns produced by glancing angle deposition (GLAD) and colloidal lithography,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 257(6), 2226–2230 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Borgstrom, M. T.

O. L. Muskens, M. T. Borgstrom, E. P. A. M. Bakkers, and J. Gómez Rivas, “Giant optical birefringence in ensembles of semiconductor nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(23), 233117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Brolo, A. G.

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Strong polarization in the optical transmission through elliptical nanohole arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(3), 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cheang-Wong, J. C.

Crespo-Sosa, A.

Dolatshahi-Pirouz, A.

A. Dolatshahi-Pirouz, D. S. Sutherland, M. Foss, and F. Besenbacher, “Growth characteristics of inclined columns produced by glancing angle deposition (GLAD) and colloidal lithography,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 257(6), 2226–2230 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Elliott, J.

J. Elliott, I. I. Smolyaninov, N. I. Zheludev, and A. V. Zayats, “Wavelength dependent birefringence of surface plasmon polaritonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 70(23), 233403 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Foss, M.

A. Dolatshahi-Pirouz, D. S. Sutherland, M. Foss, and F. Besenbacher, “Growth characteristics of inclined columns produced by glancing angle deposition (GLAD) and colloidal lithography,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 257(6), 2226–2230 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, K.

S. Murai, R. Hattori, T. Matoba, K. Fujita, and K. Tanaka, “Enhancement of optical birefringence in tellurite glasses containing silver nanoparticles induced via thermal poling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2259–2263 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Murai, R. Hattori, K. Fujita, and K. Tanaka, “Optical birefringence in tellurite glass containing silver nanoparticles precipitated through thermal process,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(10), 102001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gall, D.

S. V. Kesapragada and D. Gall, “Two-component nanopillar arrays grown by glancing angle deposition,” Thin Solid Films 494(1-2), 234–239 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gómez Rivas, J.

O. L. Muskens, M. T. Borgstrom, E. P. A. M. Bakkers, and J. Gómez Rivas, “Giant optical birefringence in ensembles of semiconductor nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(23), 233117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, R.

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Strong polarization in the optical transmission through elliptical nanohole arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(3), 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gotschy, W.

Graener, H.

M. Kaempfe, G. Seifert, K.-J. Berg, H. Hofmeister, and H. Graener, “Polarization dependence of the permanent deformation of silver nanoparticles in glass by ultrashort laser pulses,” Eur. Phys. J. D 16(1), 237–240 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hattori, R.

S. Murai, R. Hattori, T. Matoba, K. Fujita, and K. Tanaka, “Enhancement of optical birefringence in tellurite glasses containing silver nanoparticles induced via thermal poling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2259–2263 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Murai, R. Hattori, K. Fujita, and K. Tanaka, “Optical birefringence in tellurite glass containing silver nanoparticles precipitated through thermal process,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(10), 102001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hicks, E. M.

J. Sung, M. Sukharev, E. M. Hicks, R. P. Van Duyne, T. Seideman, and K. G. Spears, “Nanoparticle spectroscopy: birefringence in two-dimensional arrays of L-shaped silver nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(9), 3252–3260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hofmeister, H.

M. Kaempfe, G. Seifert, K.-J. Berg, H. Hofmeister, and H. Graener, “Polarization dependence of the permanent deformation of silver nanoparticles in glass by ultrashort laser pulses,” Eur. Phys. J. D 16(1), 237–240 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kaempfe, M.

M. Kaempfe, G. Seifert, K.-J. Berg, H. Hofmeister, and H. Graener, “Polarization dependence of the permanent deformation of silver nanoparticles in glass by ultrashort laser pulses,” Eur. Phys. J. D 16(1), 237–240 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kavanagh, K. L.

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Strong polarization in the optical transmission through elliptical nanohole arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(3), 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kesapragada, S. V.

S. V. Kesapragada and D. Gall, “Two-component nanopillar arrays grown by glancing angle deposition,” Thin Solid Films 494(1-2), 234–239 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Konishi, K.

Kuwata-Gonokami, M.

Leathem, B.

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Strong polarization in the optical transmission through elliptical nanohole arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(3), 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leitner, A.

Matoba, T.

S. Murai, R. Hattori, T. Matoba, K. Fujita, and K. Tanaka, “Enhancement of optical birefringence in tellurite glasses containing silver nanoparticles induced via thermal poling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2259–2263 (2011).
[CrossRef]

McKinnon, A.

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Strong polarization in the optical transmission through elliptical nanohole arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(3), 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Motohiro, T.

Murai, S.

S. Murai, R. Hattori, T. Matoba, K. Fujita, and K. Tanaka, “Enhancement of optical birefringence in tellurite glasses containing silver nanoparticles induced via thermal poling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2259–2263 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Murai, R. Hattori, K. Fujita, and K. Tanaka, “Optical birefringence in tellurite glass containing silver nanoparticles precipitated through thermal process,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(10), 102001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Muskens, O. L.

O. L. Muskens, M. T. Borgstrom, E. P. A. M. Bakkers, and J. Gómez Rivas, “Giant optical birefringence in ensembles of semiconductor nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(23), 233117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nakashima, H.

H. Nakashima, H. Omoto, and H. Wakabayashi, “Formation of a random array of fine silver particles from a silver film: preparation of the frequency selective screen,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(12), 7790–7797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Noguez, C.

Oliver, A.

Omoto, H.

H. Nakashima, H. Omoto, and H. Wakabayashi, “Formation of a random array of fine silver particles from a silver film: preparation of the frequency selective screen,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(12), 7790–7797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rajora, A.

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Strong polarization in the optical transmission through elliptical nanohole arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(3), 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reyes-Esqueda, J. A.

Rodríguez-Fernández, L.

Seideman, T.

J. Sung, M. Sukharev, E. M. Hicks, R. P. Van Duyne, T. Seideman, and K. G. Spears, “Nanoparticle spectroscopy: birefringence in two-dimensional arrays of L-shaped silver nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(9), 3252–3260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Seifert, G.

M. Kaempfe, G. Seifert, K.-J. Berg, H. Hofmeister, and H. Graener, “Polarization dependence of the permanent deformation of silver nanoparticles in glass by ultrashort laser pulses,” Eur. Phys. J. D 16(1), 237–240 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Smolyaninov, I. I.

J. Elliott, I. I. Smolyaninov, N. I. Zheludev, and A. V. Zayats, “Wavelength dependent birefringence of surface plasmon polaritonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 70(23), 233403 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Spears, K. G.

J. Sung, M. Sukharev, E. M. Hicks, R. P. Van Duyne, T. Seideman, and K. G. Spears, “Nanoparticle spectroscopy: birefringence in two-dimensional arrays of L-shaped silver nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(9), 3252–3260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Stookey, S. D.

Sugimoto, T.

Sukharev, M.

J. Sung, M. Sukharev, E. M. Hicks, R. P. Van Duyne, T. Seideman, and K. G. Spears, “Nanoparticle spectroscopy: birefringence in two-dimensional arrays of L-shaped silver nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(9), 3252–3260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sung, J.

J. Sung, M. Sukharev, E. M. Hicks, R. P. Van Duyne, T. Seideman, and K. G. Spears, “Nanoparticle spectroscopy: birefringence in two-dimensional arrays of L-shaped silver nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(9), 3252–3260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sutherland, D. S.

A. Dolatshahi-Pirouz, D. S. Sutherland, M. Foss, and F. Besenbacher, “Growth characteristics of inclined columns produced by glancing angle deposition (GLAD) and colloidal lithography,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 257(6), 2226–2230 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Svirko, Y.

Taga, Y.

Tanaka, K.

S. Murai, R. Hattori, T. Matoba, K. Fujita, and K. Tanaka, “Enhancement of optical birefringence in tellurite glasses containing silver nanoparticles induced via thermal poling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2259–2263 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Murai, R. Hattori, K. Fujita, and K. Tanaka, “Optical birefringence in tellurite glass containing silver nanoparticles precipitated through thermal process,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(10), 102001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Torres-Torres, C.

Van Duyne, R. P.

J. Sung, M. Sukharev, E. M. Hicks, R. P. Van Duyne, T. Seideman, and K. G. Spears, “Nanoparticle spectroscopy: birefringence in two-dimensional arrays of L-shaped silver nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(9), 3252–3260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vonmetz, K.

Wakabayashi, H.

H. Nakashima, H. Omoto, and H. Wakabayashi, “Formation of a random array of fine silver particles from a silver film: preparation of the frequency selective screen,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(12), 7790–7797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zayats, A. V.

J. Elliott, I. I. Smolyaninov, N. I. Zheludev, and A. V. Zayats, “Wavelength dependent birefringence of surface plasmon polaritonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 70(23), 233403 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zheludev, N. I.

J. Elliott, I. I. Smolyaninov, N. I. Zheludev, and A. V. Zayats, “Wavelength dependent birefringence of surface plasmon polaritonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 70(23), 233403 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

S. Murai, R. Hattori, K. Fujita, and K. Tanaka, “Optical birefringence in tellurite glass containing silver nanoparticles precipitated through thermal process,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(10), 102001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

O. L. Muskens, M. T. Borgstrom, E. P. A. M. Bakkers, and J. Gómez Rivas, “Giant optical birefringence in ensembles of semiconductor nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(23), 233117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (1)

A. Dolatshahi-Pirouz, D. S. Sutherland, M. Foss, and F. Besenbacher, “Growth characteristics of inclined columns produced by glancing angle deposition (GLAD) and colloidal lithography,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 257(6), 2226–2230 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. D (1)

M. Kaempfe, G. Seifert, K.-J. Berg, H. Hofmeister, and H. Graener, “Polarization dependence of the permanent deformation of silver nanoparticles in glass by ultrashort laser pulses,” Eur. Phys. J. D 16(1), 237–240 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Nakashima, H. Omoto, and H. Wakabayashi, “Formation of a random array of fine silver particles from a silver film: preparation of the frequency selective screen,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(12), 7790–7797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (2)

A. Berger, “Prolate silver particles in glass surfaces,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 163(2), 185–194 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. Murai, R. Hattori, T. Matoba, K. Fujita, and K. Tanaka, “Enhancement of optical birefringence in tellurite glasses containing silver nanoparticles induced via thermal poling,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2259–2263 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

J. Sung, M. Sukharev, E. M. Hicks, R. P. Van Duyne, T. Seideman, and K. G. Spears, “Nanoparticle spectroscopy: birefringence in two-dimensional arrays of L-shaped silver nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(9), 3252–3260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

J. Elliott, I. I. Smolyaninov, N. I. Zheludev, and A. V. Zayats, “Wavelength dependent birefringence of surface plasmon polaritonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 70(23), 233403 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Strong polarization in the optical transmission through elliptical nanohole arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(3), 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thin Solid Films (1)

S. V. Kesapragada and D. Gall, “Two-component nanopillar arrays grown by glancing angle deposition,” Thin Solid Films 494(1-2), 234–239 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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