Abstract

Observation of a spin degeneracy breaking in thermal radiation emitted from an inhomogeneous anisotropic lattice composed of coupled antennas supporting surface waves is presented. The spin degeneracy removal is manifested by a spin-dependent momentum splitting of the radiative mode which resembles the Rashba effect. The spin split dispersion arises from the inversion asymmetry of the lattice. Our experiment confirms that the spatial rate of the inhomogeneity determines the degree of the spin- dependent momentum redirection. The influence of the inversion asymmetry on the dispersion was studied by comparing the results to those produced by homogeneous lattices and characterizing the behavior of the isolated thermal antennas.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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2011 (2)

K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, “Giant Rashba-type spin splitting in bulk BiTeI,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 521–526 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Shitrit, I. Bretner, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Optical spin Hall effects in plasmonic chains,” Nano Lett. 11(5), 2038–2042 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

N. Dahan, Y. Gorodetski, K. Frischwasser, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Geometric doppler effect: spin-split dispersion of thermal radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(13), 136402 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Gorodetski, S. Nechayev, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Plasmonic Aharonov-Bohm effect: Optical spin as the magnetic flux parameter,” Phys. Rev. B 82(12), 125433 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (5)

Y. Gorodetski, N. Shitrit, I. Bretner, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Observation of optical spin symmetry breaking in nanoapertures,” Nano Lett. 9(8), 3016–3019 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Schuller, T. Taubner, and M. L. Brongersma, “Optical antenna thermal emitters,” Nat. Photonics 3(11), 658–661 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Hsu and J.-F. S. Van Huele, “Spin dynamics for wave packets in Rashba systems,” Phys. Rev. B 80(23), 235309 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Bliokh, “Geometrodynamics of polarized light: Berry phase and spin Hall effect in a gradient-index medium,” J. Opt. A. 11, 094009 (2009).

K. D. Ko and C. K. Toussaint., “A simple GUI for modeling the optical properties of single metal nanoparticles,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(12), 1037–1043 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

Y. Gorodetski, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Observation of the spin-based plasmonic effect in nanoscale structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 043903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Hosten and P. Kwiat, “Observation of the spin hall effect of light via weak measurements,” Science 319(5864), 787–790 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Y. Bliokh, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Geometrodynamics of spinning light,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 748–753 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

J.-J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J.-P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, “Coherent emission of light by thermal sources,” Nature 416(6876), 61–64 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary Optical Transmission through Sub-Wavelength Hole Arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1960 (1)

E. I. Rashba, “Properties of semiconductors with an extremum loop. 1. Cyclotron and combinational resonance in a magnetic field perpendicular to the plane of the loop,”Sov. Phys. Solid State 2, 1109 (1960).

1955 (1)

G. Dresselhaus, “Spin–orbit coupling effects in zinc blende structures,” Phys. Rev. 100(2), 580–586 (1955).
[CrossRef]

1936 (1)

R. A. Beth, “Mechanical Detection and Measurement of the Angular Momentum of Light,” Phys. Rev. 50(2), 115–125 (1936).
[CrossRef]

1897 (1)

P. Zeeman, “On the influence of Magnetism on the Nature of the Light emitted by a Substance,” Philos. Mag. 43, 226–239 (1897).

Arita, R.

K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, “Giant Rashba-type spin splitting in bulk BiTeI,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 521–526 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bahramy, M. S.

K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, “Giant Rashba-type spin splitting in bulk BiTeI,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 521–526 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beth, R. A.

R. A. Beth, “Mechanical Detection and Measurement of the Angular Momentum of Light,” Phys. Rev. 50(2), 115–125 (1936).
[CrossRef]

Bliokh, K. Y.

K. Y. Bliokh, “Geometrodynamics of polarized light: Berry phase and spin Hall effect in a gradient-index medium,” J. Opt. A. 11, 094009 (2009).

K. Y. Bliokh, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Geometrodynamics of spinning light,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 748–753 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bretner, I.

N. Shitrit, I. Bretner, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Optical spin Hall effects in plasmonic chains,” Nano Lett. 11(5), 2038–2042 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Gorodetski, N. Shitrit, I. Bretner, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Observation of optical spin symmetry breaking in nanoapertures,” Nano Lett. 9(8), 3016–3019 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brongersma, M. L.

J. A. Schuller, T. Taubner, and M. L. Brongersma, “Optical antenna thermal emitters,” Nat. Photonics 3(11), 658–661 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Carminati, R.

J.-J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J.-P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, “Coherent emission of light by thermal sources,” Nature 416(6876), 61–64 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.

J.-J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J.-P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, “Coherent emission of light by thermal sources,” Nature 416(6876), 61–64 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dahan, N.

N. Dahan, Y. Gorodetski, K. Frischwasser, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Geometric doppler effect: spin-split dispersion of thermal radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(13), 136402 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dresselhaus, G.

G. Dresselhaus, “Spin–orbit coupling effects in zinc blende structures,” Phys. Rev. 100(2), 580–586 (1955).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary Optical Transmission through Sub-Wavelength Hole Arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Frischwasser, K.

N. Dahan, Y. Gorodetski, K. Frischwasser, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Geometric doppler effect: spin-split dispersion of thermal radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(13), 136402 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ghaemi, H. F.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary Optical Transmission through Sub-Wavelength Hole Arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gorodetski, Y.

N. Shitrit, I. Bretner, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Optical spin Hall effects in plasmonic chains,” Nano Lett. 11(5), 2038–2042 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Dahan, Y. Gorodetski, K. Frischwasser, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Geometric doppler effect: spin-split dispersion of thermal radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(13), 136402 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Gorodetski, S. Nechayev, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Plasmonic Aharonov-Bohm effect: Optical spin as the magnetic flux parameter,” Phys. Rev. B 82(12), 125433 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Gorodetski, N. Shitrit, I. Bretner, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Observation of optical spin symmetry breaking in nanoapertures,” Nano Lett. 9(8), 3016–3019 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Gorodetski, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Observation of the spin-based plasmonic effect in nanoscale structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 043903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Greffet, J.-J.

J.-J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J.-P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, “Coherent emission of light by thermal sources,” Nature 416(6876), 61–64 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hasman, E.

N. Shitrit, I. Bretner, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Optical spin Hall effects in plasmonic chains,” Nano Lett. 11(5), 2038–2042 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Dahan, Y. Gorodetski, K. Frischwasser, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Geometric doppler effect: spin-split dispersion of thermal radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(13), 136402 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Gorodetski, S. Nechayev, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Plasmonic Aharonov-Bohm effect: Optical spin as the magnetic flux parameter,” Phys. Rev. B 82(12), 125433 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Gorodetski, N. Shitrit, I. Bretner, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Observation of optical spin symmetry breaking in nanoapertures,” Nano Lett. 9(8), 3016–3019 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Gorodetski, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Observation of the spin-based plasmonic effect in nanoscale structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 043903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Y. Bliokh, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Geometrodynamics of spinning light,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 748–753 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hosten, O.

O. Hosten and P. Kwiat, “Observation of the spin hall effect of light via weak measurements,” Science 319(5864), 787–790 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hsu, B. C.

B. C. Hsu and J.-F. S. Van Huele, “Spin dynamics for wave packets in Rashba systems,” Phys. Rev. B 80(23), 235309 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ishizaka, K.

K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, “Giant Rashba-type spin splitting in bulk BiTeI,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 521–526 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Joulain, K.

J.-J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J.-P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, “Coherent emission of light by thermal sources,” Nature 416(6876), 61–64 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaneko, Y.

K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, “Giant Rashba-type spin splitting in bulk BiTeI,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 521–526 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kimura, A.

K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, “Giant Rashba-type spin splitting in bulk BiTeI,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 521–526 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kleiner, V.

N. Shitrit, I. Bretner, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Optical spin Hall effects in plasmonic chains,” Nano Lett. 11(5), 2038–2042 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Dahan, Y. Gorodetski, K. Frischwasser, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Geometric doppler effect: spin-split dispersion of thermal radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(13), 136402 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Gorodetski, S. Nechayev, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Plasmonic Aharonov-Bohm effect: Optical spin as the magnetic flux parameter,” Phys. Rev. B 82(12), 125433 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Gorodetski, N. Shitrit, I. Bretner, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Observation of optical spin symmetry breaking in nanoapertures,” Nano Lett. 9(8), 3016–3019 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Gorodetski, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Observation of the spin-based plasmonic effect in nanoscale structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 043903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Y. Bliokh, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Geometrodynamics of spinning light,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 748–753 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ko, K. D.

K. D. Ko and C. K. Toussaint., “A simple GUI for modeling the optical properties of single metal nanoparticles,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(12), 1037–1043 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, K.

K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, “Giant Rashba-type spin splitting in bulk BiTeI,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 521–526 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koizumi, K.

K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, “Giant Rashba-type spin splitting in bulk BiTeI,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 521–526 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kumai, R.

K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, “Giant Rashba-type spin splitting in bulk BiTeI,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 521–526 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kwiat, P.

O. Hosten and P. Kwiat, “Observation of the spin hall effect of light via weak measurements,” Science 319(5864), 787–790 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lezec, H. J.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary Optical Transmission through Sub-Wavelength Hole Arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mainguy, S.

J.-J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J.-P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, “Coherent emission of light by thermal sources,” Nature 416(6876), 61–64 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miyahara, H.

K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, “Giant Rashba-type spin splitting in bulk BiTeI,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 521–526 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miyamoto, K.

K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, “Giant Rashba-type spin splitting in bulk BiTeI,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 521–526 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mulet, J.-P.

J.-J. Greffet, R. Carminati, K. Joulain, J.-P. Mulet, S. Mainguy, and Y. Chen, “Coherent emission of light by thermal sources,” Nature 416(6876), 61–64 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murakami, Y.

K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, “Giant Rashba-type spin splitting in bulk BiTeI,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 521–526 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murakawa, H.

K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, “Giant Rashba-type spin splitting in bulk BiTeI,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 521–526 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nagaosa, N.

K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, “Giant Rashba-type spin splitting in bulk BiTeI,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 521–526 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Namatame, H.

K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, “Giant Rashba-type spin splitting in bulk BiTeI,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 521–526 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nechayev, S.

Y. Gorodetski, S. Nechayev, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Plasmonic Aharonov-Bohm effect: Optical spin as the magnetic flux parameter,” Phys. Rev. B 82(12), 125433 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Niv, A.

Y. Gorodetski, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Observation of the spin-based plasmonic effect in nanoscale structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 043903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Y. Bliokh, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Geometrodynamics of spinning light,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 748–753 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, “Giant Rashba-type spin splitting in bulk BiTeI,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 521–526 (2011).
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E. I. Rashba, “Properties of semiconductors with an extremum loop. 1. Cyclotron and combinational resonance in a magnetic field perpendicular to the plane of the loop,”Sov. Phys. Solid State 2, 1109 (1960).

Sakano, M.

K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, “Giant Rashba-type spin splitting in bulk BiTeI,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 521–526 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schuller, J. A.

J. A. Schuller, T. Taubner, and M. L. Brongersma, “Optical antenna thermal emitters,” Nat. Photonics 3(11), 658–661 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shimojima, T.

K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, “Giant Rashba-type spin splitting in bulk BiTeI,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 521–526 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shin, S.

K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, “Giant Rashba-type spin splitting in bulk BiTeI,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 521–526 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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N. Shitrit, I. Bretner, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Optical spin Hall effects in plasmonic chains,” Nano Lett. 11(5), 2038–2042 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sonobe, T.

K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, “Giant Rashba-type spin splitting in bulk BiTeI,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 521–526 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, “Giant Rashba-type spin splitting in bulk BiTeI,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 521–526 (2011).
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J. A. Schuller, T. Taubner, and M. L. Brongersma, “Optical antenna thermal emitters,” Nat. Photonics 3(11), 658–661 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary Optical Transmission through Sub-Wavelength Hole Arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tokura, Y.

K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, “Giant Rashba-type spin splitting in bulk BiTeI,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 521–526 (2011).
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B. C. Hsu and J.-F. S. Van Huele, “Spin dynamics for wave packets in Rashba systems,” Phys. Rev. B 80(23), 235309 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary Optical Transmission through Sub-Wavelength Hole Arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
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P. Zeeman, “On the influence of Magnetism on the Nature of the Light emitted by a Substance,” Philos. Mag. 43, 226–239 (1897).

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K. Y. Bliokh, “Geometrodynamics of polarized light: Berry phase and spin Hall effect in a gradient-index medium,” J. Opt. A. 11, 094009 (2009).

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. (1)

K. D. Ko and C. K. Toussaint., “A simple GUI for modeling the optical properties of single metal nanoparticles,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 110(12), 1037–1043 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (2)

Y. Gorodetski, N. Shitrit, I. Bretner, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Observation of optical spin symmetry breaking in nanoapertures,” Nano Lett. 9(8), 3016–3019 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Shitrit, I. Bretner, Y. Gorodetski, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Optical spin Hall effects in plasmonic chains,” Nano Lett. 11(5), 2038–2042 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

K. Ishizaka, M. S. Bahramy, H. Murakawa, M. Sakano, T. Shimojima, T. Sonobe, K. Koizumi, S. Shin, H. Miyahara, A. Kimura, K. Miyamoto, T. Okuda, H. Namatame, M. Taniguchi, R. Arita, N. Nagaosa, K. Kobayashi, Y. Murakami, R. Kumai, Y. Kaneko, Y. Onose, and Y. Tokura, “Giant Rashba-type spin splitting in bulk BiTeI,” Nat. Mater. 10(7), 521–526 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (2)

J. A. Schuller, T. Taubner, and M. L. Brongersma, “Optical antenna thermal emitters,” Nat. Photonics 3(11), 658–661 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Bliokh, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Geometrodynamics of spinning light,” Nat. Photonics 2(12), 748–753 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary Optical Transmission through Sub-Wavelength Hole Arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
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P. Zeeman, “On the influence of Magnetism on the Nature of the Light emitted by a Substance,” Philos. Mag. 43, 226–239 (1897).

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[CrossRef]

B. C. Hsu and J.-F. S. Van Huele, “Spin dynamics for wave packets in Rashba systems,” Phys. Rev. B 80(23), 235309 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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Y. Gorodetski, A. Niv, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Observation of the spin-based plasmonic effect in nanoscale structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 043903 (2008).
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Science (1)

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E. I. Rashba, “Properties of semiconductors with an extremum loop. 1. Cyclotron and combinational resonance in a magnetic field perpendicular to the plane of the loop,”Sov. Phys. Solid State 2, 1109 (1960).

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C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley-VCH, 2004).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Energy dispersion schemes of (a) spin-degenerated system, (b) energy splitting of the dispersion associated with Zeeman effect, (c) spin-dependent shift of the dispersion in the momentum space.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Scanning electron microscope (SEM) image of the L1 lattice etched on a SiC substrate with a period of Λ=11.6μm , depth h=1μm and diameter d=4.8μm . (b) Experimental set-up used to measure dispersion of the emitted radiation. Q - quarter waveplate, P - polarizer, M1 - flat mirror, M2/M3 - parabolic mirrors (focal length 250mm), D - angular resolution slit in the focal length, A - field of view aperture, diameter equals 8mm. (c) Measured dispersion of thermal emission from the L1 lattice. Color scale – intensity, a.u. (d) The calculated dispersion.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Spectral emission from the isolated thermal antenna, measured at θ= 6 (I) and θ= 0 (II) [SEM image of the antenna, right inset], and for L3 lattice at θ= 0 (III) [SEM image in (c)]; red and blue curves correspond to polarization along the short axis and long axis of the antenna, respectively, and the black for the total intensity. Left inset presents FDTD simulation of the intensity distribution in vicinity of an isolated antenna at 883.7 cm−1, white square indicates the location of the antenna. Black arrows point to the local resonances. (b) Calculated extinction cross section of an isolated antenna attained for polarization along the short axis of the antenna.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Measured dispersion of thermal emission from the L3 lattice ( φ= 60 o ) Color scale - intensity, a.u. (b) Measured orientation angle of the polarization ellipse, ψ (°), for the dispersion in (a).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) SEM of the L4 lattice composed of antennas rotating along the x-axis with spatial rotation rate Ω=0.17(π/Λ) . (b) Measured spin-projected dispersion of emission from L4 lattice obtained by the Stokes parameter S3 measurement; blue/red color corresponds to a negative/positive spin projection. Dashed white and black lines highlight the spin split dispersion. (c) Measured spin-projected dispersion of the split (0,±1) modes for various Ω (in units of (π/Λ) ); red and blue lines correspond to σ + and σ spin states, respectively; Δ ω ˜ RL denotes the Rashba-like energy normalized by /2πc . (d) Measured spin-controlled momentum displacement (circles), compared with the predicted dependence (solid line).

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