Abstract

Here for the first time, we report an unusual annealing temperature dependent near-infrared (NIR) luminescence quenching and reviving behavior in Bi-doped MgO-Al2O3-GeO2 glasses. Systematic characterizations of the samples by using differential thermal analysis (DTA), photoluminescence and absorption spectra, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) indicate that this phenomenon is associated with the reversible reaction of Bi+ and Bi0 initiated by the change of local glass structure. Excitingly, wavelength tunable luminescence is also observed and it can be ascribed to selective excitation of active Bi+ center in different sites. These results not only open a new way for controlling luminescence properties of main group elements in glass but also provide great value for improving practical active-fiber drawing process.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  24. P. Izak, P. Hrma, B. W. Arey, and T. J. Plaisted, “Effect of feed melting, temperature history, and minor component addition on spinel crystallization in high-level waste glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 289(1–3), 17–29 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (3)

B. Zhou, H. Lin, B. Chen, and E. Y. B. Pun, “Superbroadband near-infrared emission in Tm-Bi codoped sodium-germanium-gallate glasses,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6514–6523 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Lin, D. Tan, F. Luo, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, and J. Qiu, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of glasses doped with Bi nanoparticles,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11–13), 2312–2315 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Xu, D. Tan, M. Guan, Y. Teng, J. Zhou, J. Qiu, and Z. Hong, “Broadband Near-Infrared Luminescence from γ-ray Irradiated Bismuth-Doped Y4GeO8 Crystals,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 158(9), G203–G206 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Redox equilibrium and NIR luminescence of Bi2O3-containing glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31(8), 1262–1268 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(28), 285106 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (6)

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, “Inhomogeneous broadening, luminescence origin and optical amplification in bismuth-doped glass,” J. Phys. Chem. A 112(14), 3036–3039 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, J. Hao, J. Chen, and J. Qiu, “Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2−Ga2O3−Al2O3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(10), 103532 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Bufetov, K. M. Golant, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Kholodkov, A. V. Shubin, and E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth activated alumosilicate optical fibers fabricated by surface-plasma chemical vapor deposition technology,” Appl. Opt. 47(27), 4940–4944 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers for a spectral region of 1300-1470 nm,” Opt. Lett. 33(19), 2227–2229 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (4)

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, and E. M. Dianov, “Yb-Bi pulsed fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 32(5), 451–453 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, G. Feng, H. Yang, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Broadband optical amplification in Bi-doped germanium silicate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 061919 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Ren, J. Qiu, B. Wu, and D. Chen, “Ultrabroad infrared luminescences from Bi-doped alkaline earth metal germanate glasses,” J. Mater. Res. 22(06), 1574–1578 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

2005 (2)

2004 (1)

2001 (1)

P. Izak, P. Hrma, B. W. Arey, and T. J. Plaisted, “Effect of feed melting, temperature history, and minor component addition on spinel crystallization in high-level waste glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 289(1–3), 17–29 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

L. Le Neindre, S. Jiang, B. Hwang, T. Luo, J. Watson, and N. Peyghambarian, “Effect of relative alkali content on absorption linewidth in erbium-doped tellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 255(1), 97–102 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

M. Yamada, H. Ono, and Y. Ohishi, “Low-noise, broadband Er3+-doped silica fiber amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 34(15), 1490–1491 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Arai, Y.

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Redox equilibrium and NIR luminescence of Bi2O3-containing glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31(8), 1262–1268 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Arey, B. W.

P. Izak, P. Hrma, B. W. Arey, and T. J. Plaisted, “Effect of feed melting, temperature history, and minor component addition on spinel crystallization in high-level waste glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 289(1–3), 17–29 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bao, R.

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, “Inhomogeneous broadening, luminescence origin and optical amplification in bismuth-doped glass,” J. Phys. Chem. A 112(14), 3036–3039 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bigot, L.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bookey, H. T.

Bouwmans, G.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Brown, G.

Bufetov, I. A.

Bulatov, L. I.

Cerullo, G.

Chen, B.

Chen, D.

G. Lin, D. Tan, F. Luo, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, and J. Qiu, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of glasses doped with Bi nanoparticles,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11–13), 2312–2315 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Ren, J. Qiu, B. Wu, and D. Chen, “Ultrabroad infrared luminescences from Bi-doped alkaline earth metal germanate glasses,” J. Mater. Res. 22(06), 1574–1578 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, and C. Zhu, “Superbroadband 1310 nm emission from bismuth and tantalum codoped germanium oxide glasses,” Opt. Lett. 30(18), 2433–2435 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, I. Yang, X. Jiang, and C. Zhu, “Bismuth- and aluminum-codoped germanium oxide glasses for super-broadband optical amplification,” Opt. Lett. 29(17), 1998–2000 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, D. P.

Chen, J.

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, J. Hao, J. Chen, and J. Qiu, “Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2−Ga2O3−Al2O3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(10), 103532 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chiodo, N.

Dianov, E. M.

Dong, G.

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, “Inhomogeneous broadening, luminescence origin and optical amplification in bismuth-doped glass,” J. Phys. Chem. A 112(14), 3036–3039 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dong, H.

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, J. Hao, J. Chen, and J. Qiu, “Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2−Ga2O3−Al2O3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(10), 103532 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, G. Feng, H. Yang, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Broadband optical amplification in Bi-doped germanium silicate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 061919 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Douay, M.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dvoyrin, V. V.

Favre, A.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Feng, G.

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, G. Feng, H. Yang, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Broadband optical amplification in Bi-doped germanium silicate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 061919 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Firstov, S. V.

Golant, K. M.

Guan, M.

B. Xu, D. Tan, M. Guan, Y. Teng, J. Zhou, J. Qiu, and Z. Hong, “Broadband Near-Infrared Luminescence from γ-ray Irradiated Bismuth-Doped Y4GeO8 Crystals,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 158(9), G203–G206 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Guryanov, A. N.

Hao, J.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, J. Hao, J. Chen, and J. Qiu, “Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2−Ga2O3−Al2O3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(10), 103532 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hong, Z.

B. Xu, D. Tan, M. Guan, Y. Teng, J. Zhou, J. Qiu, and Z. Hong, “Broadband Near-Infrared Luminescence from γ-ray Irradiated Bismuth-Doped Y4GeO8 Crystals,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 158(9), G203–G206 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hrma, P.

P. Izak, P. Hrma, B. W. Arey, and T. J. Plaisted, “Effect of feed melting, temperature history, and minor component addition on spinel crystallization in high-level waste glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 289(1–3), 17–29 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, B.

L. Le Neindre, S. Jiang, B. Hwang, T. Luo, J. Watson, and N. Peyghambarian, “Effect of relative alkali content on absorption linewidth in erbium-doped tellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 255(1), 97–102 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Izak, P.

P. Izak, P. Hrma, B. W. Arey, and T. J. Plaisted, “Effect of feed melting, temperature history, and minor component addition on spinel crystallization in high-level waste glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 289(1–3), 17–29 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jha, A.

Jiang, N.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, S.

L. Le Neindre, S. Jiang, B. Hwang, T. Luo, J. Watson, and N. Peyghambarian, “Effect of relative alkali content on absorption linewidth in erbium-doped tellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 255(1), 97–102 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, X.

Jiang, X. W.

Kar, A. K.

Kholodkov, A. V.

Khonthon, S.

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Redox equilibrium and NIR luminescence of Bi2O3-containing glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31(8), 1262–1268 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Khopin, V. F.

Kustov, E. F.

Lakshminarayana, G.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Le Neindre, L.

L. Le Neindre, S. Jiang, B. Hwang, T. Luo, J. Watson, and N. Peyghambarian, “Effect of relative alkali content on absorption linewidth in erbium-doped tellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 255(1), 97–102 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lerouge, A.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lin, G.

G. Lin, D. Tan, F. Luo, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, and J. Qiu, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of glasses doped with Bi nanoparticles,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11–13), 2312–2315 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lin, H.

Luo, F.

G. Lin, D. Tan, F. Luo, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, and J. Qiu, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of glasses doped with Bi nanoparticles,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11–13), 2312–2315 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Luo, T.

L. Le Neindre, S. Jiang, B. Hwang, T. Luo, J. Watson, and N. Peyghambarian, “Effect of relative alkali content on absorption linewidth in erbium-doped tellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 255(1), 97–102 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mashinsky, V. M.

Medvedkov, O. I.

Melkumov, M. A.

Meng, X.

Meng, X. G.

Morimoto, S.

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Redox equilibrium and NIR luminescence of Bi2O3-containing glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31(8), 1262–1268 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ohishi, Y.

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Redox equilibrium and NIR luminescence of Bi2O3-containing glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31(8), 1262–1268 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Yamada, H. Ono, and Y. Ohishi, “Low-noise, broadband Er3+-doped silica fiber amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 34(15), 1490–1491 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ono, H.

M. Yamada, H. Ono, and Y. Ohishi, “Low-noise, broadband Er3+-doped silica fiber amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 34(15), 1490–1491 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Osellame, R.

Peng, M.

Peng, M. Y.

Peyghambarian, N.

L. Le Neindre, S. Jiang, B. Hwang, T. Luo, J. Watson, and N. Peyghambarian, “Effect of relative alkali content on absorption linewidth in erbium-doped tellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 255(1), 97–102 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Plaisted, T. J.

P. Izak, P. Hrma, B. W. Arey, and T. J. Plaisted, “Effect of feed melting, temperature history, and minor component addition on spinel crystallization in high-level waste glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 289(1–3), 17–29 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Psaila, N. D.

Pun, E. Y. B.

Pureur, V.

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

B. Xu, D. Tan, M. Guan, Y. Teng, J. Zhou, J. Qiu, and Z. Hong, “Broadband Near-Infrared Luminescence from γ-ray Irradiated Bismuth-Doped Y4GeO8 Crystals,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 158(9), G203–G206 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Lin, D. Tan, F. Luo, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, and J. Qiu, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of glasses doped with Bi nanoparticles,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11–13), 2312–2315 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, J. Hao, J. Chen, and J. Qiu, “Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2−Ga2O3−Al2O3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(10), 103532 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, “Inhomogeneous broadening, luminescence origin and optical amplification in bismuth-doped glass,” J. Phys. Chem. A 112(14), 3036–3039 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, G. Feng, H. Yang, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Broadband optical amplification in Bi-doped germanium silicate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 061919 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Ren, J. Qiu, B. Wu, and D. Chen, “Ultrabroad infrared luminescences from Bi-doped alkaline earth metal germanate glasses,” J. Mater. Res. 22(06), 1574–1578 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, and C. Zhu, “Superbroadband 1310 nm emission from bismuth and tantalum codoped germanium oxide glasses,” Opt. Lett. 30(18), 2433–2435 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Qiu, J. R.

Razdobreev, I.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ren, J.

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, “Inhomogeneous broadening, luminescence origin and optical amplification in bismuth-doped glass,” J. Phys. Chem. A 112(14), 3036–3039 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ren, J. Qiu, B. Wu, and D. Chen, “Ultrabroad infrared luminescences from Bi-doped alkaline earth metal germanate glasses,” J. Mater. Res. 22(06), 1574–1578 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shen, S.

Shubin, A. V.

Tan, D.

G. Lin, D. Tan, F. Luo, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, and J. Qiu, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of glasses doped with Bi nanoparticles,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11–13), 2312–2315 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Xu, D. Tan, M. Guan, Y. Teng, J. Zhou, J. Qiu, and Z. Hong, “Broadband Near-Infrared Luminescence from γ-ray Irradiated Bismuth-Doped Y4GeO8 Crystals,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 158(9), G203–G206 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Teng, Y.

B. Xu, D. Tan, M. Guan, Y. Teng, J. Zhou, J. Qiu, and Z. Hong, “Broadband Near-Infrared Luminescence from γ-ray Irradiated Bismuth-Doped Y4GeO8 Crystals,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 158(9), G203–G206 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Thomson, R. R.

Truong, V. G.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Umnikov, A. A.

Watson, J.

L. Le Neindre, S. Jiang, B. Hwang, T. Luo, J. Watson, and N. Peyghambarian, “Effect of relative alkali content on absorption linewidth in erbium-doped tellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 255(1), 97–102 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wondraczek, L.

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(28), 285106 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, B.

J. Ren, J. Qiu, B. Wu, and D. Chen, “Ultrabroad infrared luminescences from Bi-doped alkaline earth metal germanate glasses,” J. Mater. Res. 22(06), 1574–1578 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xu, B.

B. Xu, D. Tan, M. Guan, Y. Teng, J. Zhou, J. Qiu, and Z. Hong, “Broadband Near-Infrared Luminescence from γ-ray Irradiated Bismuth-Doped Y4GeO8 Crystals,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 158(9), G203–G206 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xu, S.

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, “Inhomogeneous broadening, luminescence origin and optical amplification in bismuth-doped glass,” J. Phys. Chem. A 112(14), 3036–3039 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, H.

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, J. Hao, J. Chen, and J. Qiu, “Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2−Ga2O3−Al2O3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(10), 103532 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, G. Feng, H. Yang, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Broadband optical amplification in Bi-doped germanium silicate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 061919 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Q.

G. Lin, D. Tan, F. Luo, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, and J. Qiu, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of glasses doped with Bi nanoparticles,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11–13), 2312–2315 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Q. Z.

Zhou, B.

Zhou, J.

B. Xu, D. Tan, M. Guan, Y. Teng, J. Zhou, J. Qiu, and Z. Hong, “Broadband Near-Infrared Luminescence from γ-ray Irradiated Bismuth-Doped Y4GeO8 Crystals,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 158(9), G203–G206 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, S.

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, J. Hao, J. Chen, and J. Qiu, “Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2−Ga2O3−Al2O3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(10), 103532 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, G. Feng, H. Yang, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Broadband optical amplification in Bi-doped germanium silicate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 061919 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, B.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, G. Feng, H. Yang, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Broadband optical amplification in Bi-doped germanium silicate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 061919 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, C.

Zhu, C. S.

Zollfrank, C.

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(28), 285106 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional bismuth-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red, and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, V. Pureur, A. Favre, G. Bouwmans, and M. Douay, “Efficient all-fiber bismuth-doped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(3), 031103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, “Study of thermal stability and luminescence quenching properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for fiber laser applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, G. Feng, H. Yang, B. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Broadband optical amplification in Bi-doped germanium silicate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(6), 061919 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. Yamada, H. Ono, and Y. Ohishi, “Low-noise, broadband Er3+-doped silica fiber amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 34(15), 1490–1491 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Zhou, H. Dong, H. Zeng, J. Hao, J. Chen, and J. Qiu, “Infrared luminescence and amplification properties of Bi-doped GeO2−Ga2O3−Al2O3 glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(10), 103532 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Electrochem. Soc. (1)

B. Xu, D. Tan, M. Guan, Y. Teng, J. Zhou, J. Qiu, and Z. Hong, “Broadband Near-Infrared Luminescence from γ-ray Irradiated Bismuth-Doped Y4GeO8 Crystals,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 158(9), G203–G206 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Res. (1)

J. Ren, J. Qiu, B. Wu, and D. Chen, “Ultrabroad infrared luminescences from Bi-doped alkaline earth metal germanate glasses,” J. Mater. Res. 22(06), 1574–1578 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (3)

L. Le Neindre, S. Jiang, B. Hwang, T. Luo, J. Watson, and N. Peyghambarian, “Effect of relative alkali content on absorption linewidth in erbium-doped tellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 255(1), 97–102 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Izak, P. Hrma, B. W. Arey, and T. J. Plaisted, “Effect of feed melting, temperature history, and minor component addition on spinel crystallization in high-level waste glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 289(1–3), 17–29 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Lin, D. Tan, F. Luo, D. Chen, Q. Zhao, and J. Qiu, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of glasses doped with Bi nanoparticles,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11–13), 2312–2315 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. A (1)

J. Ren, G. Dong, S. Xu, R. Bao, and J. Qiu, “Inhomogeneous broadening, luminescence origin and optical amplification in bismuth-doped glass,” J. Phys. Chem. A 112(14), 3036–3039 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(28), 285106 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Opt. Mater. (1)

S. Khonthon, S. Morimoto, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, “Redox equilibrium and NIR luminescence of Bi2O3-containing glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31(8), 1262–1268 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

DTA curves of glasses 0.5B and 2.0B.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) NIR emission spectra of glass 0.5B excited by 480, 680 and 800 nm, respectively. (b) Dependence of NIR emission intensity on Bi dopant concentration (the concentration is 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 mol%, respectively) with different excitation wavelength (480, 680, and 800 nm). (c) NIR emission spectra of glass 0.5B after heat-treatment at different temperatures excited by 800 nm. (d)‑(f) Heat-treatment temperature-dependent NIR emission relative intensity of glass 0.5B excited by 480, 680, and 800 nm respectively. (g)‑(h) Heat-treatment temperature-dependent relative intensity of glasses excited by 800 nm (g), (h) corresponding to glasses 1.0B and 2.0B, respectively). The NIR emission intensity of (d)‑(h) is relative to the intensity of glasses 0.5B, 1.0B and 2.0B before heat-treatment, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Absorption spectra of glasses (a) 0.5B, (b) 0.5B690, (c) 0.5B750, (d) 0.5B810. The insets (e)‑(h) are pictures of glasses 0.5B, 0.5B690, 0.5B750 and 0.5B810, respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

XRD patterns of Bi-doped glasses before and after heat-treatment at various temperatures. The JCPDS card numbers of the crystals MgGeO3 and GeO2 are listed in the figure.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

TEM and HRTEM images of (a) glass 0.5B750, (b)‑(c) glass 2.0B750.

Equations (1)

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B i + [I] B i 0 [II] Bi metallic colloid [III] Bi +

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