Abstract

Attosecond extreme-ultraviolet (XUV) pulses generated in gases via high-order harmonic generation typically carry an intrinsic positive chirp. Compression of such pulses has been demonstrated using metallic transmission filters, a method with very limited tunability. We compare here the compression achievable with a diffraction grating based method with that of metallic filters using simulated high harmonic waveforms in the transmission window of metal films.

© 2011 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, R. Taieb, B. Carre, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salieres, “Attosecond Synchronization of High-Harmonic Soft X-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. R. Lopez-Martens, K. Varju, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salieres, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C.-G. Wahlstrom, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and Phase Control of Attosecond Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. E. Gustafsson, T. Ruchon, M. Swoboda, T. Remetter, E. Pourtal, R. Lopez-Martens, Ph. Balcou, and A. L’Huillier, “Broadband attosecond pulse shaping,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1353–1355 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A.-S. Morlens, R. Lopez-Martens, O. Boyko, P. Zeitoun, P. Balcou, K. Varju, E. Gustafsson, T. Remetter, A. L’Huillier, S. Kazamias, J. Gautier, F. Delmotte, and M.-F. Ravet, “Design and characterization of extreme-ultraviolet broadband mirrors for attosecond science,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1558–1560 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. Hofstetter, M. Schultze, M. Fie, B. Dennhardt, A. Guggenmos, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, E. M. Gullikson, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Attosecond dispersion control by extreme ultraviolet multilayer mirrors,” Opt. Express 19, 1767–1776 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. Hofstetter, A. Aquila, M. Schultze, A. Guggenmos, S. Yang, E. Gullikson, M. Huth, B. Nickel, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Lanthanum-molybdenum multilayer mirrors for attosecond pulses between 80 and 130 eV,” New J. Phys. 13, 063038 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  7. F. Frassetto, P. Villoresi, and L. Poletto, “Optical concept of a compressor for XUV pulses in the attosecond domain,” Opt. Exp. 16, 6652–6667 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. Villoresi, “Compensation of optical path lengths in extreme-ultraviolet and soft-x-ray monochromators for ultrafast optics,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6040–6049 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. L. Poletto, “Time-compensated grazing-incidence monochromator for extreme-ultraviolet and soft X-ray high-order harmonics,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 1013–1016 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. L. Poletto and P. Villoresi, “Time-delay compensated monochromator in the off-plane mount for extreme-ultraviolet ultrashort pulses,” Appl. Opt. 45, 8577–8585 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Intense femtosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses by using a time-delay-compensated monochromator,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2897–2899 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. O. Martinez, “3000 times grating compressor with positive group velocity dispersion: Application to fiber compensation in 1.3–1.6 m region,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 59–64 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  13. O. Martinez, “Design of high-power ultrashort pulse amplifiers by expansion and recompression,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1385–1387 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  14. I. Walmsley, L. Waxer, and C. Dorrer, “The role of dispersion in ultrafast optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1–28 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  15. P. Villoresi, “Harmonic Generation in Gases,” Nonlinear Sources: Harmonic Generation in Gases, In: Encyclopedia of Modern Optics, Academic, New York (2004).
  16. I. Sola, E. Mevel, L. Elouga, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Nature Phys. 2, 319–322 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  17. R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427, 817–821 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and M. Nisoli, “Nonadiabatic quantum path analysis of high-order harmonic generation: Role of the carrier-envelope phase on short and long paths,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 013411 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Hullier, and P. B. Corcum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. M. Pascolini, S. Bonora, A. Giglia, N. Mahne, S. Nannarone, and L. Poletto, “Gratings in the conical diffraction mounting for an EUV time-delay compensated monochromator,” Appl. Opt. 45, 3253–3562 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. J-C. Diels and W. Rudolph, “Ultrashort laser pulse phenomena,” Chapter 2.6.2, Academic Press, San Diego (1996).
  22. F. Frassetto, P. Villoresi, and L. Poletto, “Beam separator for high-order harmonic radiation in the 3–10 nm spectral region,” J. Am. Soc. Am. A 25, 1104–1114 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (2)

M. Hofstetter, M. Schultze, M. Fie, B. Dennhardt, A. Guggenmos, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, E. M. Gullikson, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Attosecond dispersion control by extreme ultraviolet multilayer mirrors,” Opt. Express 19, 1767–1776 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hofstetter, A. Aquila, M. Schultze, A. Guggenmos, S. Yang, E. Gullikson, M. Huth, B. Nickel, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Lanthanum-molybdenum multilayer mirrors for attosecond pulses between 80 and 130 eV,” New J. Phys. 13, 063038 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

F. Frassetto, P. Villoresi, and L. Poletto, “Optical concept of a compressor for XUV pulses in the attosecond domain,” Opt. Exp. 16, 6652–6667 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Frassetto, P. Villoresi, and L. Poletto, “Beam separator for high-order harmonic radiation in the 3–10 nm spectral region,” J. Am. Soc. Am. A 25, 1104–1114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

2006 (4)

2005 (1)

R. Lopez-Martens, K. Varju, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salieres, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C.-G. Wahlstrom, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and Phase Control of Attosecond Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427, 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and M. Nisoli, “Nonadiabatic quantum path analysis of high-order harmonic generation: Role of the carrier-envelope phase on short and long paths,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 013411 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Poletto, “Time-compensated grazing-incidence monochromator for extreme-ultraviolet and soft X-ray high-order harmonics,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 1013–1016 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, R. Taieb, B. Carre, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salieres, “Attosecond Synchronization of High-Harmonic Soft X-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

I. Walmsley, L. Waxer, and C. Dorrer, “The role of dispersion in ultrafast optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1–28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1994 (1)

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Hullier, and P. B. Corcum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (2)

O. Martinez, “3000 times grating compressor with positive group velocity dispersion: Application to fiber compensation in 1.3–1.6 m region,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 59–64 (1987).
[CrossRef]

O. Martinez, “Design of high-power ultrashort pulse amplifiers by expansion and recompression,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1385–1387 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Agostini, P.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, R. Taieb, B. Carre, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salieres, “Attosecond Synchronization of High-Harmonic Soft X-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aquila, A.

M. Hofstetter, A. Aquila, M. Schultze, A. Guggenmos, S. Yang, E. Gullikson, M. Huth, B. Nickel, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Lanthanum-molybdenum multilayer mirrors for attosecond pulses between 80 and 130 eV,” New J. Phys. 13, 063038 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Balcou, P.

Balcou, Ph.

E. Gustafsson, T. Ruchon, M. Swoboda, T. Remetter, E. Pourtal, R. Lopez-Martens, Ph. Balcou, and A. L’Huillier, “Broadband attosecond pulse shaping,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1353–1355 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Hullier, and P. B. Corcum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baltuska, A.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427, 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bammer, F.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427, 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benedetti, E.

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Intense femtosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses by using a time-delay-compensated monochromator,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2897–2899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Sola, E. Mevel, L. Elouga, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Nature Phys. 2, 319–322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bonora, S.

Boyko, O.

Breger, P.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, R. Taieb, B. Carre, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salieres, “Attosecond Synchronization of High-Harmonic Soft X-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carre, B.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, R. Taieb, B. Carre, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salieres, “Attosecond Synchronization of High-Harmonic Soft X-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Caumes, J.-P.

I. Sola, E. Mevel, L. Elouga, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Nature Phys. 2, 319–322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Constant, E.

I. Sola, E. Mevel, L. Elouga, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Nature Phys. 2, 319–322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Corcum, P. B.

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Hullier, and P. B. Corcum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Bohan, A.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, R. Taieb, B. Carre, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salieres, “Attosecond Synchronization of High-Harmonic Soft X-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Delmotte, F.

Dennhardt, B.

Diels, J-C.

J-C. Diels and W. Rudolph, “Ultrashort laser pulse phenomena,” Chapter 2.6.2, Academic Press, San Diego (1996).

Dinu, L. C.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, R. Taieb, B. Carre, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salieres, “Attosecond Synchronization of High-Harmonic Soft X-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dorrer, C.

I. Walmsley, L. Waxer, and C. Dorrer, “The role of dispersion in ultrafast optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1–28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Drescher, M.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427, 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Elouga, L.

I. Sola, E. Mevel, L. Elouga, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Nature Phys. 2, 319–322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ferrari, F.

Fie, M.

Frasinski, L. J.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, R. Taieb, B. Carre, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salieres, “Attosecond Synchronization of High-Harmonic Soft X-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Frassetto, F.

F. Frassetto, P. Villoresi, and L. Poletto, “Optical concept of a compressor for XUV pulses in the attosecond domain,” Opt. Exp. 16, 6652–6667 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Frassetto, P. Villoresi, and L. Poletto, “Beam separator for high-order harmonic radiation in the 3–10 nm spectral region,” J. Am. Soc. Am. A 25, 1104–1114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gaarde, M. B.

R. Lopez-Martens, K. Varju, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salieres, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C.-G. Wahlstrom, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and Phase Control of Attosecond Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gagnon, J.

M. Hofstetter, M. Schultze, M. Fie, B. Dennhardt, A. Guggenmos, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, E. M. Gullikson, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Attosecond dispersion control by extreme ultraviolet multilayer mirrors,” Opt. Express 19, 1767–1776 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hofstetter, A. Aquila, M. Schultze, A. Guggenmos, S. Yang, E. Gullikson, M. Huth, B. Nickel, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Lanthanum-molybdenum multilayer mirrors for attosecond pulses between 80 and 130 eV,” New J. Phys. 13, 063038 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gautier, J.

Giglia, A.

Goulielmakis, E.

M. Hofstetter, A. Aquila, M. Schultze, A. Guggenmos, S. Yang, E. Gullikson, M. Huth, B. Nickel, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Lanthanum-molybdenum multilayer mirrors for attosecond pulses between 80 and 130 eV,” New J. Phys. 13, 063038 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Hofstetter, M. Schultze, M. Fie, B. Dennhardt, A. Guggenmos, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, E. M. Gullikson, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Attosecond dispersion control by extreme ultraviolet multilayer mirrors,” Opt. Express 19, 1767–1776 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427, 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guggenmos, A.

M. Hofstetter, A. Aquila, M. Schultze, A. Guggenmos, S. Yang, E. Gullikson, M. Huth, B. Nickel, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Lanthanum-molybdenum multilayer mirrors for attosecond pulses between 80 and 130 eV,” New J. Phys. 13, 063038 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Hofstetter, M. Schultze, M. Fie, B. Dennhardt, A. Guggenmos, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, E. M. Gullikson, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Attosecond dispersion control by extreme ultraviolet multilayer mirrors,” Opt. Express 19, 1767–1776 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gullikson, E.

M. Hofstetter, A. Aquila, M. Schultze, A. Guggenmos, S. Yang, E. Gullikson, M. Huth, B. Nickel, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Lanthanum-molybdenum multilayer mirrors for attosecond pulses between 80 and 130 eV,” New J. Phys. 13, 063038 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gullikson, E. M.

Gustafsson, E.

Heinzmann, U.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427, 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hofstetter, M.

M. Hofstetter, M. Schultze, M. Fie, B. Dennhardt, A. Guggenmos, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, E. M. Gullikson, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Attosecond dispersion control by extreme ultraviolet multilayer mirrors,” Opt. Express 19, 1767–1776 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hofstetter, A. Aquila, M. Schultze, A. Guggenmos, S. Yang, E. Gullikson, M. Huth, B. Nickel, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Lanthanum-molybdenum multilayer mirrors for attosecond pulses between 80 and 130 eV,” New J. Phys. 13, 063038 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Huth, M.

M. Hofstetter, A. Aquila, M. Schultze, A. Guggenmos, S. Yang, E. Gullikson, M. Huth, B. Nickel, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Lanthanum-molybdenum multilayer mirrors for attosecond pulses between 80 and 130 eV,” New J. Phys. 13, 063038 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ivanov, M. Yu.

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Hullier, and P. B. Corcum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Johnsson, P.

R. Lopez-Martens, K. Varju, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salieres, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C.-G. Wahlstrom, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and Phase Control of Attosecond Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kazamias, S.

Kienberger, R.

M. Hofstetter, M. Schultze, M. Fie, B. Dennhardt, A. Guggenmos, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, E. M. Gullikson, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Attosecond dispersion control by extreme ultraviolet multilayer mirrors,” Opt. Express 19, 1767–1776 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427, 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kleineberg, U.

M. Hofstetter, A. Aquila, M. Schultze, A. Guggenmos, S. Yang, E. Gullikson, M. Huth, B. Nickel, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Lanthanum-molybdenum multilayer mirrors for attosecond pulses between 80 and 130 eV,” New J. Phys. 13, 063038 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Hofstetter, M. Schultze, M. Fie, B. Dennhardt, A. Guggenmos, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, E. M. Gullikson, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Attosecond dispersion control by extreme ultraviolet multilayer mirrors,” Opt. Express 19, 1767–1776 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427, 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kovacev, M.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, R. Taieb, B. Carre, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salieres, “Attosecond Synchronization of High-Harmonic Soft X-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krausz, F.

M. Hofstetter, M. Schultze, M. Fie, B. Dennhardt, A. Guggenmos, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, E. M. Gullikson, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Attosecond dispersion control by extreme ultraviolet multilayer mirrors,” Opt. Express 19, 1767–1776 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hofstetter, A. Aquila, M. Schultze, A. Guggenmos, S. Yang, E. Gullikson, M. Huth, B. Nickel, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Lanthanum-molybdenum multilayer mirrors for attosecond pulses between 80 and 130 eV,” New J. Phys. 13, 063038 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427, 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L’Huillier, A.

L’Hullier, A.

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Hullier, and P. B. Corcum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lewenstein, M.

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Hullier, and P. B. Corcum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lopez-Martens, R.

Mahne, N.

Mairesse, Y.

R. Lopez-Martens, K. Varju, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salieres, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C.-G. Wahlstrom, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and Phase Control of Attosecond Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, R. Taieb, B. Carre, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salieres, “Attosecond Synchronization of High-Harmonic Soft X-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martinez, O.

O. Martinez, “3000 times grating compressor with positive group velocity dispersion: Application to fiber compensation in 1.3–1.6 m region,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 59–64 (1987).
[CrossRef]

O. Martinez, “Design of high-power ultrashort pulse amplifiers by expansion and recompression,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1385–1387 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Mauritsson, J.

R. Lopez-Martens, K. Varju, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salieres, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C.-G. Wahlstrom, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and Phase Control of Attosecond Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Merdji, H.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, R. Taieb, B. Carre, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salieres, “Attosecond Synchronization of High-Harmonic Soft X-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mevel, E.

I. Sola, E. Mevel, L. Elouga, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Nature Phys. 2, 319–322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Monchicourt, P.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, R. Taieb, B. Carre, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salieres, “Attosecond Synchronization of High-Harmonic Soft X-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morlens, A.-S.

Muller, H. G.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, R. Taieb, B. Carre, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salieres, “Attosecond Synchronization of High-Harmonic Soft X-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nannarone, S.

Nickel, B.

M. Hofstetter, A. Aquila, M. Schultze, A. Guggenmos, S. Yang, E. Gullikson, M. Huth, B. Nickel, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Lanthanum-molybdenum multilayer mirrors for attosecond pulses between 80 and 130 eV,” New J. Phys. 13, 063038 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nisoli, M.

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Intense femtosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses by using a time-delay-compensated monochromator,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2897–2899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Sola, E. Mevel, L. Elouga, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Nature Phys. 2, 319–322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and M. Nisoli, “Nonadiabatic quantum path analysis of high-order harmonic generation: Role of the carrier-envelope phase on short and long paths,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 013411 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pascolini, M.

Persson, A.

R. Lopez-Martens, K. Varju, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salieres, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C.-G. Wahlstrom, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and Phase Control of Attosecond Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poletto, L.

F. Frassetto, P. Villoresi, and L. Poletto, “Beam separator for high-order harmonic radiation in the 3–10 nm spectral region,” J. Am. Soc. Am. A 25, 1104–1114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Frassetto, P. Villoresi, and L. Poletto, “Optical concept of a compressor for XUV pulses in the attosecond domain,” Opt. Exp. 16, 6652–6667 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Intense femtosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses by using a time-delay-compensated monochromator,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2897–2899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto and P. Villoresi, “Time-delay compensated monochromator in the off-plane mount for extreme-ultraviolet ultrashort pulses,” Appl. Opt. 45, 8577–8585 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Sola, E. Mevel, L. Elouga, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Nature Phys. 2, 319–322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Pascolini, S. Bonora, A. Giglia, N. Mahne, S. Nannarone, and L. Poletto, “Gratings in the conical diffraction mounting for an EUV time-delay compensated monochromator,” Appl. Opt. 45, 3253–3562 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto, “Time-compensated grazing-incidence monochromator for extreme-ultraviolet and soft X-ray high-order harmonics,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 1013–1016 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pourtal, E.

Ravet, M.-F.

Remetter, T.

Ruchon, T.

Rudolph, W.

J-C. Diels and W. Rudolph, “Ultrashort laser pulse phenomena,” Chapter 2.6.2, Academic Press, San Diego (1996).

Salieres, P.

R. Lopez-Martens, K. Varju, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salieres, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C.-G. Wahlstrom, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and Phase Control of Attosecond Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, R. Taieb, B. Carre, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salieres, “Attosecond Synchronization of High-Harmonic Soft X-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sansone, G.

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Intense femtosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses by using a time-delay-compensated monochromator,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2897–2899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Sola, E. Mevel, L. Elouga, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Nature Phys. 2, 319–322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and M. Nisoli, “Nonadiabatic quantum path analysis of high-order harmonic generation: Role of the carrier-envelope phase on short and long paths,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 013411 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schafer, K. J.

R. Lopez-Martens, K. Varju, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salieres, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C.-G. Wahlstrom, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and Phase Control of Attosecond Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schultze, M.

M. Hofstetter, M. Schultze, M. Fie, B. Dennhardt, A. Guggenmos, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, E. M. Gullikson, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Attosecond dispersion control by extreme ultraviolet multilayer mirrors,” Opt. Express 19, 1767–1776 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hofstetter, A. Aquila, M. Schultze, A. Guggenmos, S. Yang, E. Gullikson, M. Huth, B. Nickel, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Lanthanum-molybdenum multilayer mirrors for attosecond pulses between 80 and 130 eV,” New J. Phys. 13, 063038 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Scrinzi, A.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427, 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sola, I.

I. Sola, E. Mevel, L. Elouga, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Nature Phys. 2, 319–322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Stagira, S.

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Intense femtosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses by using a time-delay-compensated monochromator,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2897–2899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Sola, E. Mevel, L. Elouga, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Nature Phys. 2, 319–322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and M. Nisoli, “Nonadiabatic quantum path analysis of high-order harmonic generation: Role of the carrier-envelope phase on short and long paths,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 013411 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Strelkov, V.

I. Sola, E. Mevel, L. Elouga, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Nature Phys. 2, 319–322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Svanberg, S.

R. Lopez-Martens, K. Varju, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salieres, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C.-G. Wahlstrom, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and Phase Control of Attosecond Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Swoboda, M.

Taieb, R.

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, R. Taieb, B. Carre, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salieres, “Attosecond Synchronization of High-Harmonic Soft X-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uiberacker, M.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427, 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Varju, K.

A.-S. Morlens, R. Lopez-Martens, O. Boyko, P. Zeitoun, P. Balcou, K. Varju, E. Gustafsson, T. Remetter, A. L’Huillier, S. Kazamias, J. Gautier, F. Delmotte, and M.-F. Ravet, “Design and characterization of extreme-ultraviolet broadband mirrors for attosecond science,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1558–1560 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Lopez-Martens, K. Varju, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salieres, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C.-G. Wahlstrom, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and Phase Control of Attosecond Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Villoresi, P.

F. Frassetto, P. Villoresi, and L. Poletto, “Beam separator for high-order harmonic radiation in the 3–10 nm spectral region,” J. Am. Soc. Am. A 25, 1104–1114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Frassetto, P. Villoresi, and L. Poletto, “Optical concept of a compressor for XUV pulses in the attosecond domain,” Opt. Exp. 16, 6652–6667 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Intense femtosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses by using a time-delay-compensated monochromator,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2897–2899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto and P. Villoresi, “Time-delay compensated monochromator in the off-plane mount for extreme-ultraviolet ultrashort pulses,” Appl. Opt. 45, 8577–8585 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Sola, E. Mevel, L. Elouga, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Nature Phys. 2, 319–322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Villoresi, “Compensation of optical path lengths in extreme-ultraviolet and soft-x-ray monochromators for ultrafast optics,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6040–6049 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Villoresi, “Harmonic Generation in Gases,” Nonlinear Sources: Harmonic Generation in Gases, In: Encyclopedia of Modern Optics, Academic, New York (2004).

Vozzi, C.

I. Sola, E. Mevel, L. Elouga, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Nature Phys. 2, 319–322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and M. Nisoli, “Nonadiabatic quantum path analysis of high-order harmonic generation: Role of the carrier-envelope phase on short and long paths,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 013411 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wahlstrom, C.-G.

R. Lopez-Martens, K. Varju, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salieres, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C.-G. Wahlstrom, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and Phase Control of Attosecond Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walmsley, I.

I. Walmsley, L. Waxer, and C. Dorrer, “The role of dispersion in ultrafast optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1–28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Waxer, L.

I. Walmsley, L. Waxer, and C. Dorrer, “The role of dispersion in ultrafast optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1–28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Westerwalbesloh, Th.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427, 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yakovlev, V.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427, 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yakovlev, V. S.

M. Hofstetter, M. Schultze, M. Fie, B. Dennhardt, A. Guggenmos, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, E. M. Gullikson, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Attosecond dispersion control by extreme ultraviolet multilayer mirrors,” Opt. Express 19, 1767–1776 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hofstetter, A. Aquila, M. Schultze, A. Guggenmos, S. Yang, E. Gullikson, M. Huth, B. Nickel, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Lanthanum-molybdenum multilayer mirrors for attosecond pulses between 80 and 130 eV,” New J. Phys. 13, 063038 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yang, S.

M. Hofstetter, A. Aquila, M. Schultze, A. Guggenmos, S. Yang, E. Gullikson, M. Huth, B. Nickel, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Lanthanum-molybdenum multilayer mirrors for attosecond pulses between 80 and 130 eV,” New J. Phys. 13, 063038 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zeitoun, P.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

L. Poletto, “Time-compensated grazing-incidence monochromator for extreme-ultraviolet and soft X-ray high-order harmonics,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 1013–1016 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

O. Martinez, “3000 times grating compressor with positive group velocity dispersion: Application to fiber compensation in 1.3–1.6 m region,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 59–64 (1987).
[CrossRef]

O. Martinez, “Design of high-power ultrashort pulse amplifiers by expansion and recompression,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1385–1387 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Soc. Am. A (1)

F. Frassetto, P. Villoresi, and L. Poletto, “Beam separator for high-order harmonic radiation in the 3–10 nm spectral region,” J. Am. Soc. Am. A 25, 1104–1114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427, 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature Phys. (1)

I. Sola, E. Mevel, L. Elouga, E. Constant, V. Strelkov, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Controlling attosecond electron dynamics by phase-stabilized polarization gating,” Nature Phys. 2, 319–322 (2006).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (1)

M. Hofstetter, A. Aquila, M. Schultze, A. Guggenmos, S. Yang, E. Gullikson, M. Huth, B. Nickel, J. Gagnon, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Goulielmakis, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Lanthanum-molybdenum multilayer mirrors for attosecond pulses between 80 and 130 eV,” New J. Phys. 13, 063038 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Exp. (1)

F. Frassetto, P. Villoresi, and L. Poletto, “Optical concept of a compressor for XUV pulses in the attosecond domain,” Opt. Exp. 16, 6652–6667 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and M. Nisoli, “Nonadiabatic quantum path analysis of high-order harmonic generation: Role of the carrier-envelope phase on short and long paths,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 013411 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L’Hullier, and P. B. Corcum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

R. Lopez-Martens, K. Varju, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, Y. Mairesse, P. Salieres, M. B. Gaarde, K. J. Schafer, A. Persson, S. Svanberg, C.-G. Wahlstrom, and A. L’Huillier, “Amplitude and Phase Control of Attosecond Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

I. Walmsley, L. Waxer, and C. Dorrer, “The role of dispersion in ultrafast optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1–28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

Y. Mairesse, A. de Bohan, L. J. Frasinski, H. Merdji, L. C. Dinu, P. Monchicourt, P. Breger, M. Kovacev, R. Taieb, B. Carre, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and P. Salieres, “Attosecond Synchronization of High-Harmonic Soft X-rays,” Science 302, 1540–1543 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

P. Villoresi, “Harmonic Generation in Gases,” Nonlinear Sources: Harmonic Generation in Gases, In: Encyclopedia of Modern Optics, Academic, New York (2004).

J-C. Diels and W. Rudolph, “Ultrashort laser pulse phenomena,” Chapter 2.6.2, Academic Press, San Diego (1996).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Spectrum and group delay of the high-order harmonic radiation produced at a generating intensity of 1.5 × 1014 W/cm2 in argon (black lines) and 6 × 1014 W/cm2 in neon (red lines). (b) Corresponding attosecond pulses possessing an intrinsic chirp (dashed lines) and their Fourier limit (solid lines). For better clarity, the pulses are shifted in time with respect to each other.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission (black lines) and group delay (red lines) of a 200-nm-thick aluminum (left) and zirconium (right) filter as a function of photon energy.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Attosecond pulse generated at (a) 1.5 × 1014 W/cm2 and (b) 6 × 1014 W/cm2. The FWHM duration values are indicated in the graph. TL: transform limited, HHG: right after high harmonic generation, Al: after a 600-nm Al film, Zr: after a 250-nm Zr film, XAC: after an XUV grating compressor with parameters given in the text. For better clarity, the pulses are shifted in time with respect to each other.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Grating in the off-plane mount. α: azimuth angle, γ: altitude angle.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Schematic of the XAC based on two plane conical diffraction gratings at a normal distance h. (b) More detailed view of the XAC. G1 (G2): diffraction grating 1 (2), P1, ..., P4: parabolic mirrors, S2 (S3): distance between G1 and P2 (P3 and G2), f : focal length of P2 and P3.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Transmission spectra (black) and group delay (red) of XACs as a function of photon energy. (a) σ = 100 mm−1, α = 3.7°, γ = 1.5°, h = 600 μm, (b) σ = 200 mm−1, α = 4.14°, γ = 1°, h = 500 μm. Carbon coatings are assumed in the calculations. The transmission windows are limited to one octave as explained in the text. The dashed lines are guides to the eye.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Residual GD of the attosecond pulses after the XAC generated at peak intensities of (a) 1.5 × 1014 W/cm2 and (b) 6 × 1014 W/cm2. The corresponding spectra after chirp compensation by the XACs are shown by the dashed lines on the right axes. The error bars indicate the FWHM spread in GDs due to the aberration of the system.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

sin γ ( sin α + sin β ( ω ) ) = m λ ( ω ) σ ,
Ψ ( ω ) = ω h c sin γ cos β ( ω ) { 1 + cos [ π cos 1 ( sin 2 γ cos ( α β ( ω ) + π ) + cos 2 γ ) ] } 2 π h σ tan β ( ω ) ,

Metrics