Abstract

In this work, we have experimentally demonstrated that in a rectangular multilayered Ag/SiO2 nanoplate array, electric and magnetic resonances are exchanged at the same frequency simply by changing the polarization of incident light for 90°. Both electric and magnetic resonances originate from localized surface plasmons, and lead to negative permittivity and permeability, respectively. The numerical calculations on electromagnetic fields agree with the experiments. The investigations provide a simple building block for a metamaterial to switch electric and magnetic resonances by external excitation field.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  24. T. Koschny, P. Markoš, D. R. Smith, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Resonant and antiresonant frequency dependence of the effective parameters of metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 68(6), 065602 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2011

X. Xiong, X.-C. Chen, M. Wang, R.-W. Peng, D.-J. Shu, and C. Sun, “Optically nonactive assorted helix array with interchangeable magnetic/electric resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 071901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

D. Li, L. Qin, D. X. Qi, F. Gao, R. W. Peng, J. Zou, Q. J. Wang, and M. Wang, “Tunable electric and magnetic resonances in multilayered metal/dielectric nanoplates at optical frequencies,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(34), 345102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Z. Wei, H. F. Shi, X. C. Dong, Y. G. Lu, and C. L. Du, “A high refractive index metamaterial at visible frequencies formed by stacked cut-wire plasmonic structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(1), 011904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

X. Xiong, W. H. Sun, Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, M. Wang, C. Sun, X. Lu, J. Shao, Z. F. Li, and N. B. Ming, “Switching the electric and magnetic responses in a metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 80(20), 201105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

X. Zhang and Z. W. Liu, “Superlenses to overcome the diffraction limit,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 435–441 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, D. J. Shu, M. Wang, X. Lu, J. Shao, W. Lu, and N. B. Ming, “Role of interference between localized and propagating surface waves on the extraordinary optical transmission through a subwavelength-aperture array,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(8), 087401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. J. Zhang, R. W. Peng, Z. Wang, F. Gao, X. R. Huang, W. H. Sun, Q. J. Wang, and M. Wang, “Plasmonic antenna array at optical frequency made by nanoapertures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(17), 171110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

Z. H. Tang, R. W. Peng, Z. Wang, X. Wu, Y. J. Bao, Q. J. Wang, Z. J. Zhang, W. H. Sun, and M. Wang, “Coupling of surface plasmons in nanostructured metal/dielectric multilayers with subwavelength hole arrays,” Phys. Rev. B 76(19), 195405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Battula, S. Chen, Y. Lu, R. J. Knize, and K. Reinhardt, “Tuning the extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength hole array by applying a magnetic field,” Opt. Lett. 32(18), 2692–2694 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

T. Pakizeh, M. S. Abrishamian, N. Granpayeh, A. Dmitriev, and M. Käll, “Magnetic-field enhancement in gold nanosandwiches,” Opt. Express 14(18), 8240–8246 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. H. Su, Q. H. Wei, and X. Zhang, “Tunable and augmented plasmon resonances of Au/SiO2 /Au nanodisks,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(6), 063118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

2004

T. J. Yen, W. J. Padilla, N. Fang, D. C. Vier, D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, D. N. Basov, and X. Zhang, “Terahertz magnetic response from artificial materials,” Science 303(5663), 1494–1496 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Linden, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. F. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic response of metamaterials at 100 terahertz,” Science 306(5700), 1351–1353 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

T. Koschny, P. Markoš, D. R. Smith, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Resonant and antiresonant frequency dependence of the effective parameters of metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 68(6), 065602 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, P. Markoš, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Determination of effective permittivity and permeability of metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients,” Phys. Rev. B 65(19), 195104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, “Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(18), 4184–4187 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(18), 3966–3969 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, “Magnetism from Conductors and Enhanced Nonlinear Phenomena,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(11), 2075–2084 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Rakic, A. B. Djurisic, J. M. Elazar, and M. L. Majewski, “Optical properties of metallic films for vertical-cavity optoelectronic devices,” Appl. Opt. 37(22), 5271–5283 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985

Abrishamian, M. S.

Bao, Y. J.

X. Xiong, W. H. Sun, Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, M. Wang, C. Sun, X. Lu, J. Shao, Z. F. Li, and N. B. Ming, “Switching the electric and magnetic responses in a metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 80(20), 201105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, D. J. Shu, M. Wang, X. Lu, J. Shao, W. Lu, and N. B. Ming, “Role of interference between localized and propagating surface waves on the extraordinary optical transmission through a subwavelength-aperture array,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(8), 087401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. H. Tang, R. W. Peng, Z. Wang, X. Wu, Y. J. Bao, Q. J. Wang, Z. J. Zhang, W. H. Sun, and M. Wang, “Coupling of surface plasmons in nanostructured metal/dielectric multilayers with subwavelength hole arrays,” Phys. Rev. B 76(19), 195405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Basov, D. N.

T. J. Yen, W. J. Padilla, N. Fang, D. C. Vier, D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, D. N. Basov, and X. Zhang, “Terahertz magnetic response from artificial materials,” Science 303(5663), 1494–1496 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Battula, A.

Brueck, S. R. J.

S. Zhang, W. J. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, “Experimental demonstration of near-infrared negative-index metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(13), 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cai, W.

Chen, S.

Chen, X.-C.

X. Xiong, X.-C. Chen, M. Wang, R.-W. Peng, D.-J. Shu, and C. Sun, “Optically nonactive assorted helix array with interchangeable magnetic/electric resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 071901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chettiar, U. K.

Djurisic, A. B.

Dmitriev, A.

Dolling, G.

Dong, X. C.

X. Z. Wei, H. F. Shi, X. C. Dong, Y. G. Lu, and C. L. Du, “A high refractive index metamaterial at visible frequencies formed by stacked cut-wire plasmonic structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(1), 011904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Drachev, V. P.

Du, C. L.

X. Z. Wei, H. F. Shi, X. C. Dong, Y. G. Lu, and C. L. Du, “A high refractive index metamaterial at visible frequencies formed by stacked cut-wire plasmonic structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(1), 011904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Elazar, J. M.

Enkrich, C.

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. F. Zhou, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, “Cut-wire pairs and plate pairs as magnetic atoms for optical metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 30(23), 3198–3200 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Linden, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. F. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic response of metamaterials at 100 terahertz,” Science 306(5700), 1351–1353 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, W. J.

S. Zhang, W. J. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, “Experimental demonstration of near-infrared negative-index metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(13), 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fang, N.

T. J. Yen, W. J. Padilla, N. Fang, D. C. Vier, D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, D. N. Basov, and X. Zhang, “Terahertz magnetic response from artificial materials,” Science 303(5663), 1494–1496 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gao, F.

D. Li, L. Qin, D. X. Qi, F. Gao, R. W. Peng, J. Zou, Q. J. Wang, and M. Wang, “Tunable electric and magnetic resonances in multilayered metal/dielectric nanoplates at optical frequencies,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(34), 345102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. J. Zhang, R. W. Peng, Z. Wang, F. Gao, X. R. Huang, W. H. Sun, Q. J. Wang, and M. Wang, “Plasmonic antenna array at optical frequency made by nanoapertures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(17), 171110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ghaemi, H. F.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Granpayeh, N.

Holden, A. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, “Magnetism from Conductors and Enhanced Nonlinear Phenomena,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(11), 2075–2084 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Huang, X. R.

Z. J. Zhang, R. W. Peng, Z. Wang, F. Gao, X. R. Huang, W. H. Sun, Q. J. Wang, and M. Wang, “Plasmonic antenna array at optical frequency made by nanoapertures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(17), 171110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Käll, M.

Kildishev, A. V.

Knize, R. J.

Koschny, T.

S. Linden, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. F. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic response of metamaterials at 100 terahertz,” Science 306(5700), 1351–1353 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Koschny, P. Markoš, D. R. Smith, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Resonant and antiresonant frequency dependence of the effective parameters of metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 68(6), 065602 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lezec, H. J.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Li, D.

D. Li, L. Qin, D. X. Qi, F. Gao, R. W. Peng, J. Zou, Q. J. Wang, and M. Wang, “Tunable electric and magnetic resonances in multilayered metal/dielectric nanoplates at optical frequencies,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(34), 345102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z. F.

X. Xiong, W. H. Sun, Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, M. Wang, C. Sun, X. Lu, J. Shao, Z. F. Li, and N. B. Ming, “Switching the electric and magnetic responses in a metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 80(20), 201105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liao, P. F.

Linden, S.

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. F. Zhou, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, “Cut-wire pairs and plate pairs as magnetic atoms for optical metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 30(23), 3198–3200 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Linden, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. F. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic response of metamaterials at 100 terahertz,” Science 306(5700), 1351–1353 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, Z. W.

X. Zhang and Z. W. Liu, “Superlenses to overcome the diffraction limit,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 435–441 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, W.

Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, D. J. Shu, M. Wang, X. Lu, J. Shao, W. Lu, and N. B. Ming, “Role of interference between localized and propagating surface waves on the extraordinary optical transmission through a subwavelength-aperture array,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(8), 087401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, X.

X. Xiong, W. H. Sun, Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, M. Wang, C. Sun, X. Lu, J. Shao, Z. F. Li, and N. B. Ming, “Switching the electric and magnetic responses in a metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 80(20), 201105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, D. J. Shu, M. Wang, X. Lu, J. Shao, W. Lu, and N. B. Ming, “Role of interference between localized and propagating surface waves on the extraordinary optical transmission through a subwavelength-aperture array,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(8), 087401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, Y.

Lu, Y. G.

X. Z. Wei, H. F. Shi, X. C. Dong, Y. G. Lu, and C. L. Du, “A high refractive index metamaterial at visible frequencies formed by stacked cut-wire plasmonic structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(1), 011904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Majewski, M. L.

Malloy, K. J.

S. Zhang, W. J. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, “Experimental demonstration of near-infrared negative-index metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(13), 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Markoš, P.

T. Koschny, P. Markoš, D. R. Smith, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Resonant and antiresonant frequency dependence of the effective parameters of metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 68(6), 065602 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, P. Markoš, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Determination of effective permittivity and permeability of metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients,” Phys. Rev. B 65(19), 195104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Meier, M.

Ming, N. B.

X. Xiong, W. H. Sun, Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, M. Wang, C. Sun, X. Lu, J. Shao, Z. F. Li, and N. B. Ming, “Switching the electric and magnetic responses in a metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 80(20), 201105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, D. J. Shu, M. Wang, X. Lu, J. Shao, W. Lu, and N. B. Ming, “Role of interference between localized and propagating surface waves on the extraordinary optical transmission through a subwavelength-aperture array,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(8), 087401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nemat-Nasser, S. C.

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, “Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(18), 4184–4187 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Osgood, R. M.

S. Zhang, W. J. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, “Experimental demonstration of near-infrared negative-index metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(13), 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Padilla, W. J.

T. J. Yen, W. J. Padilla, N. Fang, D. C. Vier, D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, D. N. Basov, and X. Zhang, “Terahertz magnetic response from artificial materials,” Science 303(5663), 1494–1496 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, “Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(18), 4184–4187 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pakizeh, T.

Panoiu, N. C.

S. Zhang, W. J. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, “Experimental demonstration of near-infrared negative-index metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(13), 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pendry, J. B.

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. J. Yen, W. J. Padilla, N. Fang, D. C. Vier, D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, D. N. Basov, and X. Zhang, “Terahertz magnetic response from artificial materials,” Science 303(5663), 1494–1496 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(18), 3966–3969 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, “Magnetism from Conductors and Enhanced Nonlinear Phenomena,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(11), 2075–2084 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Peng, R. W.

D. Li, L. Qin, D. X. Qi, F. Gao, R. W. Peng, J. Zou, Q. J. Wang, and M. Wang, “Tunable electric and magnetic resonances in multilayered metal/dielectric nanoplates at optical frequencies,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(34), 345102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Xiong, W. H. Sun, Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, M. Wang, C. Sun, X. Lu, J. Shao, Z. F. Li, and N. B. Ming, “Switching the electric and magnetic responses in a metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 80(20), 201105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, D. J. Shu, M. Wang, X. Lu, J. Shao, W. Lu, and N. B. Ming, “Role of interference between localized and propagating surface waves on the extraordinary optical transmission through a subwavelength-aperture array,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(8), 087401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. J. Zhang, R. W. Peng, Z. Wang, F. Gao, X. R. Huang, W. H. Sun, Q. J. Wang, and M. Wang, “Plasmonic antenna array at optical frequency made by nanoapertures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(17), 171110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. H. Tang, R. W. Peng, Z. Wang, X. Wu, Y. J. Bao, Q. J. Wang, Z. J. Zhang, W. H. Sun, and M. Wang, “Coupling of surface plasmons in nanostructured metal/dielectric multilayers with subwavelength hole arrays,” Phys. Rev. B 76(19), 195405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Peng, R.-W.

X. Xiong, X.-C. Chen, M. Wang, R.-W. Peng, D.-J. Shu, and C. Sun, “Optically nonactive assorted helix array with interchangeable magnetic/electric resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 071901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Qi, D. X.

D. Li, L. Qin, D. X. Qi, F. Gao, R. W. Peng, J. Zou, Q. J. Wang, and M. Wang, “Tunable electric and magnetic resonances in multilayered metal/dielectric nanoplates at optical frequencies,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(34), 345102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Qin, L.

D. Li, L. Qin, D. X. Qi, F. Gao, R. W. Peng, J. Zou, Q. J. Wang, and M. Wang, “Tunable electric and magnetic resonances in multilayered metal/dielectric nanoplates at optical frequencies,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(34), 345102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rakic, A. D.

Reinhardt, K.

Robbins, D. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, “Magnetism from Conductors and Enhanced Nonlinear Phenomena,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(11), 2075–2084 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sarychev, A. K.

Schultz, S.

D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, P. Markoš, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Determination of effective permittivity and permeability of metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients,” Phys. Rev. B 65(19), 195104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, “Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(18), 4184–4187 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schurig, D.

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shalaev, V. M.

Shao, J.

X. Xiong, W. H. Sun, Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, M. Wang, C. Sun, X. Lu, J. Shao, Z. F. Li, and N. B. Ming, “Switching the electric and magnetic responses in a metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 80(20), 201105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, D. J. Shu, M. Wang, X. Lu, J. Shao, W. Lu, and N. B. Ming, “Role of interference between localized and propagating surface waves on the extraordinary optical transmission through a subwavelength-aperture array,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(8), 087401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shi, H. F.

X. Z. Wei, H. F. Shi, X. C. Dong, Y. G. Lu, and C. L. Du, “A high refractive index metamaterial at visible frequencies formed by stacked cut-wire plasmonic structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(1), 011904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shu, D. J.

Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, D. J. Shu, M. Wang, X. Lu, J. Shao, W. Lu, and N. B. Ming, “Role of interference between localized and propagating surface waves on the extraordinary optical transmission through a subwavelength-aperture array,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(8), 087401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shu, D.-J.

X. Xiong, X.-C. Chen, M. Wang, R.-W. Peng, D.-J. Shu, and C. Sun, “Optically nonactive assorted helix array with interchangeable magnetic/electric resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 071901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. R.

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. J. Yen, W. J. Padilla, N. Fang, D. C. Vier, D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, D. N. Basov, and X. Zhang, “Terahertz magnetic response from artificial materials,” Science 303(5663), 1494–1496 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Koschny, P. Markoš, D. R. Smith, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Resonant and antiresonant frequency dependence of the effective parameters of metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 68(6), 065602 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, P. Markoš, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Determination of effective permittivity and permeability of metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients,” Phys. Rev. B 65(19), 195104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, “Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(18), 4184–4187 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Soukoulis, C. M.

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. F. Zhou, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, “Cut-wire pairs and plate pairs as magnetic atoms for optical metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 30(23), 3198–3200 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Linden, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. F. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic response of metamaterials at 100 terahertz,” Science 306(5700), 1351–1353 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Koschny, P. Markoš, D. R. Smith, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Resonant and antiresonant frequency dependence of the effective parameters of metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 68(6), 065602 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, P. Markoš, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Determination of effective permittivity and permeability of metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients,” Phys. Rev. B 65(19), 195104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Stewart, W. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, “Magnetism from Conductors and Enhanced Nonlinear Phenomena,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(11), 2075–2084 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Su, K. H.

K. H. Su, Q. H. Wei, and X. Zhang, “Tunable and augmented plasmon resonances of Au/SiO2 /Au nanodisks,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(6), 063118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sun, C.

X. Xiong, X.-C. Chen, M. Wang, R.-W. Peng, D.-J. Shu, and C. Sun, “Optically nonactive assorted helix array with interchangeable magnetic/electric resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 071901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Xiong, W. H. Sun, Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, M. Wang, C. Sun, X. Lu, J. Shao, Z. F. Li, and N. B. Ming, “Switching the electric and magnetic responses in a metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 80(20), 201105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sun, W. H.

X. Xiong, W. H. Sun, Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, M. Wang, C. Sun, X. Lu, J. Shao, Z. F. Li, and N. B. Ming, “Switching the electric and magnetic responses in a metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 80(20), 201105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. J. Zhang, R. W. Peng, Z. Wang, F. Gao, X. R. Huang, W. H. Sun, Q. J. Wang, and M. Wang, “Plasmonic antenna array at optical frequency made by nanoapertures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(17), 171110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. H. Tang, R. W. Peng, Z. Wang, X. Wu, Y. J. Bao, Q. J. Wang, Z. J. Zhang, W. H. Sun, and M. Wang, “Coupling of surface plasmons in nanostructured metal/dielectric multilayers with subwavelength hole arrays,” Phys. Rev. B 76(19), 195405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tang, Z. H.

Z. H. Tang, R. W. Peng, Z. Wang, X. Wu, Y. J. Bao, Q. J. Wang, Z. J. Zhang, W. H. Sun, and M. Wang, “Coupling of surface plasmons in nanostructured metal/dielectric multilayers with subwavelength hole arrays,” Phys. Rev. B 76(19), 195405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Thio, T.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vier, D. C.

T. J. Yen, W. J. Padilla, N. Fang, D. C. Vier, D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, D. N. Basov, and X. Zhang, “Terahertz magnetic response from artificial materials,” Science 303(5663), 1494–1496 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, “Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(18), 4184–4187 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, M.

X. Xiong, X.-C. Chen, M. Wang, R.-W. Peng, D.-J. Shu, and C. Sun, “Optically nonactive assorted helix array with interchangeable magnetic/electric resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 071901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Li, L. Qin, D. X. Qi, F. Gao, R. W. Peng, J. Zou, Q. J. Wang, and M. Wang, “Tunable electric and magnetic resonances in multilayered metal/dielectric nanoplates at optical frequencies,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(34), 345102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Xiong, W. H. Sun, Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, M. Wang, C. Sun, X. Lu, J. Shao, Z. F. Li, and N. B. Ming, “Switching the electric and magnetic responses in a metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 80(20), 201105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, D. J. Shu, M. Wang, X. Lu, J. Shao, W. Lu, and N. B. Ming, “Role of interference between localized and propagating surface waves on the extraordinary optical transmission through a subwavelength-aperture array,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(8), 087401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. J. Zhang, R. W. Peng, Z. Wang, F. Gao, X. R. Huang, W. H. Sun, Q. J. Wang, and M. Wang, “Plasmonic antenna array at optical frequency made by nanoapertures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(17), 171110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. H. Tang, R. W. Peng, Z. Wang, X. Wu, Y. J. Bao, Q. J. Wang, Z. J. Zhang, W. H. Sun, and M. Wang, “Coupling of surface plasmons in nanostructured metal/dielectric multilayers with subwavelength hole arrays,” Phys. Rev. B 76(19), 195405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q. J.

D. Li, L. Qin, D. X. Qi, F. Gao, R. W. Peng, J. Zou, Q. J. Wang, and M. Wang, “Tunable electric and magnetic resonances in multilayered metal/dielectric nanoplates at optical frequencies,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(34), 345102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. J. Zhang, R. W. Peng, Z. Wang, F. Gao, X. R. Huang, W. H. Sun, Q. J. Wang, and M. Wang, “Plasmonic antenna array at optical frequency made by nanoapertures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(17), 171110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. H. Tang, R. W. Peng, Z. Wang, X. Wu, Y. J. Bao, Q. J. Wang, Z. J. Zhang, W. H. Sun, and M. Wang, “Coupling of surface plasmons in nanostructured metal/dielectric multilayers with subwavelength hole arrays,” Phys. Rev. B 76(19), 195405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

Z. J. Zhang, R. W. Peng, Z. Wang, F. Gao, X. R. Huang, W. H. Sun, Q. J. Wang, and M. Wang, “Plasmonic antenna array at optical frequency made by nanoapertures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(17), 171110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. H. Tang, R. W. Peng, Z. Wang, X. Wu, Y. J. Bao, Q. J. Wang, Z. J. Zhang, W. H. Sun, and M. Wang, “Coupling of surface plasmons in nanostructured metal/dielectric multilayers with subwavelength hole arrays,” Phys. Rev. B 76(19), 195405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wegener, M.

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. F. Zhou, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, “Cut-wire pairs and plate pairs as magnetic atoms for optical metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 30(23), 3198–3200 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Linden, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. F. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic response of metamaterials at 100 terahertz,” Science 306(5700), 1351–1353 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wei, Q. H.

K. H. Su, Q. H. Wei, and X. Zhang, “Tunable and augmented plasmon resonances of Au/SiO2 /Au nanodisks,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(6), 063118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wei, X. Z.

X. Z. Wei, H. F. Shi, X. C. Dong, Y. G. Lu, and C. L. Du, “A high refractive index metamaterial at visible frequencies formed by stacked cut-wire plasmonic structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(1), 011904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wokaun, A.

Wolff, P. A.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wu, X.

Z. H. Tang, R. W. Peng, Z. Wang, X. Wu, Y. J. Bao, Q. J. Wang, Z. J. Zhang, W. H. Sun, and M. Wang, “Coupling of surface plasmons in nanostructured metal/dielectric multilayers with subwavelength hole arrays,” Phys. Rev. B 76(19), 195405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xiong, X.

X. Xiong, X.-C. Chen, M. Wang, R.-W. Peng, D.-J. Shu, and C. Sun, “Optically nonactive assorted helix array with interchangeable magnetic/electric resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 071901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Xiong, W. H. Sun, Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, M. Wang, C. Sun, X. Lu, J. Shao, Z. F. Li, and N. B. Ming, “Switching the electric and magnetic responses in a metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 80(20), 201105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yen, T. J.

T. J. Yen, W. J. Padilla, N. Fang, D. C. Vier, D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, D. N. Basov, and X. Zhang, “Terahertz magnetic response from artificial materials,” Science 303(5663), 1494–1496 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yuan, H. K.

Zhang, S.

S. Zhang, W. J. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, “Experimental demonstration of near-infrared negative-index metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(13), 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

X. Zhang and Z. W. Liu, “Superlenses to overcome the diffraction limit,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 435–441 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. H. Su, Q. H. Wei, and X. Zhang, “Tunable and augmented plasmon resonances of Au/SiO2 /Au nanodisks,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(6), 063118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Yen, W. J. Padilla, N. Fang, D. C. Vier, D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, D. N. Basov, and X. Zhang, “Terahertz magnetic response from artificial materials,” Science 303(5663), 1494–1496 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, Z. J.

Z. J. Zhang, R. W. Peng, Z. Wang, F. Gao, X. R. Huang, W. H. Sun, Q. J. Wang, and M. Wang, “Plasmonic antenna array at optical frequency made by nanoapertures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(17), 171110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. H. Tang, R. W. Peng, Z. Wang, X. Wu, Y. J. Bao, Q. J. Wang, Z. J. Zhang, W. H. Sun, and M. Wang, “Coupling of surface plasmons in nanostructured metal/dielectric multilayers with subwavelength hole arrays,” Phys. Rev. B 76(19), 195405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J. F.

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. F. Zhou, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, “Cut-wire pairs and plate pairs as magnetic atoms for optical metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 30(23), 3198–3200 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Linden, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. F. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic response of metamaterials at 100 terahertz,” Science 306(5700), 1351–1353 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zou, J.

D. Li, L. Qin, D. X. Qi, F. Gao, R. W. Peng, J. Zou, Q. J. Wang, and M. Wang, “Tunable electric and magnetic resonances in multilayered metal/dielectric nanoplates at optical frequencies,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(34), 345102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

Z. J. Zhang, R. W. Peng, Z. Wang, F. Gao, X. R. Huang, W. H. Sun, Q. J. Wang, and M. Wang, “Plasmonic antenna array at optical frequency made by nanoapertures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(17), 171110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Su, Q. H. Wei, and X. Zhang, “Tunable and augmented plasmon resonances of Au/SiO2 /Au nanodisks,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(6), 063118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Z. Wei, H. F. Shi, X. C. Dong, Y. G. Lu, and C. L. Du, “A high refractive index metamaterial at visible frequencies formed by stacked cut-wire plasmonic structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(1), 011904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Xiong, X.-C. Chen, M. Wang, R.-W. Peng, D.-J. Shu, and C. Sun, “Optically nonactive assorted helix array with interchangeable magnetic/electric resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 071901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, “Magnetism from Conductors and Enhanced Nonlinear Phenomena,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(11), 2075–2084 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.

D. Li, L. Qin, D. X. Qi, F. Gao, R. W. Peng, J. Zou, Q. J. Wang, and M. Wang, “Tunable electric and magnetic resonances in multilayered metal/dielectric nanoplates at optical frequencies,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 43(34), 345102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater.

X. Zhang and Z. W. Liu, “Superlenses to overcome the diffraction limit,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 435–441 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, P. Markoš, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Determination of effective permittivity and permeability of metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients,” Phys. Rev. B 65(19), 195104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Z. H. Tang, R. W. Peng, Z. Wang, X. Wu, Y. J. Bao, Q. J. Wang, Z. J. Zhang, W. H. Sun, and M. Wang, “Coupling of surface plasmons in nanostructured metal/dielectric multilayers with subwavelength hole arrays,” Phys. Rev. B 76(19), 195405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Xiong, W. H. Sun, Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, M. Wang, C. Sun, X. Lu, J. Shao, Z. F. Li, and N. B. Ming, “Switching the electric and magnetic responses in a metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 80(20), 201105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.

T. Koschny, P. Markoš, D. R. Smith, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Resonant and antiresonant frequency dependence of the effective parameters of metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 68(6), 065602 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, “Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(18), 4184–4187 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(18), 3966–3969 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, D. J. Shu, M. Wang, X. Lu, J. Shao, W. Lu, and N. B. Ming, “Role of interference between localized and propagating surface waves on the extraordinary optical transmission through a subwavelength-aperture array,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(8), 087401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, W. J. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, “Experimental demonstration of near-infrared negative-index metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(13), 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. J. Yen, W. J. Padilla, N. Fang, D. C. Vier, D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, D. N. Basov, and X. Zhang, “Terahertz magnetic response from artificial materials,” Science 303(5663), 1494–1496 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Linden, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. F. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic response of metamaterials at 100 terahertz,” Science 306(5700), 1351–1353 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic view of multilayered Ag/SiO2 nanoplates on a glass substrate with periodicities of the square lattice ax=ay=400 nm , and widths of the rectangular nanoplate ux=220 nm and uy=110 nm . The layer sequence from the glass substrate to the top is Ag/SiO2/Ag/SiO2/Ag/SiO2/Ag/SiO2 with a total thickness d=160 nm , where all Ag layers are 25 nm thick and SiO2 layers are 13.3 nm thick except the topmost SiO2 layer of 20 nm thick. (b) The calculated normal transmission spectra for the structure described in (a), which is illuminated from the glass substrate by the x-polarized (black curve) and y-polarized (red curve) incident light, respectively. The x-z plane cross section of (c) the electric field distribution E where the arrows represent direction and the color map represents intensity and (d) the magnetic field distribution Hy for the electric resonance (Mode #1) in the x-polarized incidence. The y-z plane cross section of (e) the electric field distribution E and (f) the magnetic field distribution Hx for the magnetic resonance (Mode #2) in the y-polarized incidence. Here, the black boxes and the white line represent Ag layers and the boundary of air, respectively. (g) Schematics of the effective currents induced in multiple Ag layers for the four optical modes marked in (b), respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) The retrieved permittivity εx and (b) permeability μy for the nanoplates illuminated by the x-polarized normal incidence, while (c) εy and (d) μx for the y-polarized incidence. Here, the black solid and red dashed curves stand for the real and imaginary parts, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The calculated normal transmission spectra of rectangular nanoplates with varying the long width u x for (a) x-polarization and (b) y-polarization, and varying the short width u y for (c) x-polarization and (d) y-polarization. Here, u x =220, 230 and 240 nm and u y =110 nm for (a) and (b), and u y =110, 120 and 130 nm and u x =220 nm for (c) and (d).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) and (b) The SEM images of multilayered Ag/SiO2 nanoplates on a glass substrate, where the bars represent 1 μm and 200 nm, respectively. (c) and (d) The SEM images of side view with a 30° tilt-angle, where both the bars represent 100 nm. Here, the parameters of this sample are nearly the same as that model. (e) and (f) the measured normal transmission spectra for the incident polarization parallel and perpendicular to the long width, respectively, where the red dashed curves are calculated spectra in Fig. 1(b).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Configuration of a unit cell with vertical wall as designed, which becomes oblique in fabrication. (b) The calculated normal transmission spectra for the incident polarization (black solid) parallel and (red dashed) perpendicular to the long width, where the side wall of the unit cell is oblique with a tilt angle of about 15°. (c) Schematics of the effective currents induced in multiple Ag layers for the four optical modes marked in (b), respectively.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The measured oblique transmission spectra in the following cases. The polarization is perpendicular to the short width: (a) TE and (b) TM; while the polarization perpendicular to the long width: (c) TE and (d) TM case. The insets schematically illustrate each oblique incidence.

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