Abstract

We present a new approach for wavefront characterization of near transform-limited intense femtosecond beams using the angular and spectral dependences of the second-harmonic generation conversion efficiency in uniaxial crystals. The method is applied to different aberrated beams and results are compared with the measurements performed with a commercial sensor, finding very good agreement. The phase retrieval dependence with different parameters (e.g. crystal thickness) is discussed. Successful application to sharpen intensity profiles is also demonstrated.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56(3), 219–221 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. Brabec and F. Krausz, “Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 72(2), 545–591 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S.-W. Bahk, P. Rousseau, T. A. Planchon, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, A. Maksimchuk, G. A. Mourou, and V. Yanovsky, “Generation and characterization of the highest laser intensities (1022 W/cm2),” Opt. Lett. 29(24), 2837–2839 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. Ranc, G. Chériaux, S. Ferré, J.-P. Rousseau, and J.-P. Chambaret, “Importance of spatial quality of intense femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 181–187 (2000).
  5. J. M. Bueno, B. Vohnsen, L. Roso, and P. Artal, “Temporal wavefront stability of an ultrafast high-power laser beam,” Appl. Opt. 48(4), 770–777 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. S. Velghe, J. Primot, N. Guérineau, M. Cohen, and B. Wattellier, “Wave-front reconstruction from multidirectional phase derivatives generated by multilateral shearing interferometers,” Opt. Lett. 30(3), 245–247 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J.-C. Chanteloup, F. Druon, M. Nantel, A. Maksimchuk, and G. Mourou, “Single-shot wave-front measurements of high-intensity ultrashort laser pulses with a three-wave interferometer,” Opt. Lett. 23(8), 621–623 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. R. Grunwald, U. Neumann, U. Griebner, K. Reimann, G. Steinmeyer, and V. Kebbel, “Ultrashort-pulse wave-front autocorrelation,” Opt. Lett. 28(23), 2399–2401 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. E. Rubino, D. Faccio, L. Tartara, P. K. Bates, O. Chalus, M. Clerici, F. Bonaretti, J. Biegert, and P. Di Trapani, “Spatiotemporal amplitude and phase retrieval of space-time coupled ultrashort pulses using the Shackled-FROG technique,” Opt. Lett. 34(24), 3854–3856 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. P. R. Bowlan and R. Trebino, “Using Phase Retrieval to Obtain the Complete Spatio-Temporal Intensity and Phase of Ultrashort Pulses,” in Signal Recovery and Synthesis, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper SWA6.
  13. areA. Marcinkevičius, R. Tommasini, G. D. Tsakiris, K. J. Witte, E. Gaižauskas, and U. Teubner, “Frequency doubling of multi-terawatt femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 79(5), 547–554 (2004).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  19. J.-Y. Zhang, J. Y. Huang, H. Wang, K. S. Wong, and G. K. Wong, “Second harmonic generation from regeneratively amplified femtosecond laser pulses in BBO and LBO crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15(1), 200–209 (1998).
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  20. E. Sidick, A. Dienes, and A. Knoesen, “Ultrashort pulse second harmonic generation II: non-transformed limited fundamental pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12(9), 1713–1722 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  21. R. DeSalvo, D. J. Hagan, M. Sheik-Bahae, G. Stegeman, E. W. Van Stryland, and H. Vanherzeele, “Self-focusing and self-defocusing by cascaded second-order effects in KTP,” Opt. Lett. 17(1), 28–30 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. J. P. Caumes, L. Videau, C. Rouyer, and E. Freysz, “Direct measurement of wave-front distortion induced during second-harmonic generation: application to breakup-integral compensation,” Opt. Lett. 29(8), 899–901 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. P. M. Prieto, F. Vargas-Martín, S. Goelz, and P. Artal, “Analysis of the performance of the Hartmann-Shack sensor in the human eye,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17(8), 1388–1398 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. G. Mínguez-Vega, C. Romero, O. Mendoza-Yero, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, R. Borrego-Varillas, C. Méndez, P. Andrés, J. Lancis, V. Climent, and L. Roso, “Wavelength tuning of femtosecond pulses generated in nonlinear crystals by using diffractive lenses,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3694–3696 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. C. Romero, Universidad de Salamanca, Pl. de la Merced s/n., E-37008 Spain, and associates are preparing a manuscript to be called “Second harmonic generation of femtosecond pulses focused on BBO with a diffractive lens.”
  26. C. Romero, R. Borrego-Varillas, A. Camino, G. Mínguez-Vega, O. Mendoza-Yero, J. Hernández-Toro, and J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, “Diffractive optics for spectral control of the supercontinuum generated in sapphire with femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Express 19(6), 4977–4984 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. H.-M. Heuck, P. Neumayer, T. Kühl, and U. Wittrock, “Chromatic aberration in petawatt-class lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 84(3), 421–428 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

2006 (1)

H.-M. Heuck, P. Neumayer, T. Kühl, and U. Wittrock, “Chromatic aberration in petawatt-class lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 84(3), 421–428 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

2004 (3)

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

2000 (3)

P. M. Prieto, F. Vargas-Martín, S. Goelz, and P. Artal, “Analysis of the performance of the Hartmann-Shack sensor in the human eye,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17(8), 1388–1398 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ranc, G. Chériaux, S. Ferré, J.-P. Rousseau, and J.-P. Chambaret, “Importance of spatial quality of intense femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 181–187 (2000).

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, “Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 72(2), 545–591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

1995 (2)

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

1985 (1)

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56(3), 219–221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Andrés, P.

Artal, P.

Bahk, S.-W.

Bates, P. K.

Biegert, J.

Bonaretti, F.

Borrego-Varillas, R.

Brabec, T.

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, “Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 72(2), 545–591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bueno, J. M.

Camino, A.

Caumes, J. P.

Chalus, O.

Chambaret, J.-P.

S. Ranc, G. Chériaux, S. Ferré, J.-P. Rousseau, and J.-P. Chambaret, “Importance of spatial quality of intense femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 181–187 (2000).

Chanteloup, J.-C.

Chériaux, G.

S. Ranc, G. Chériaux, S. Ferré, J.-P. Rousseau, and J.-P. Chambaret, “Importance of spatial quality of intense femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 181–187 (2000).

Chvykov, V.

Clerici, M.

Climent, V.

Cohen, M.

DeSalvo, R.

Di Trapani, P.

Dienes, A.

Druon, F.

Faccio, D.

Ferré, S.

S. Ranc, G. Chériaux, S. Ferré, J.-P. Rousseau, and J.-P. Chambaret, “Importance of spatial quality of intense femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 181–187 (2000).

Freysz, E.

Gaižauskas, E.

areA. Marcinkevičius, R. Tommasini, G. D. Tsakiris, K. J. Witte, E. Gaižauskas, and U. Teubner, “Frequency doubling of multi-terawatt femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 79(5), 547–554 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Goelz, S.

Griebner, U.

Grunwald, R.

Guérineau, N.

Hagan, D. J.

Hauri, C. P.

Hernández-Toro, J.

Heuck, H.-M.

H.-M. Heuck, P. Neumayer, T. Kühl, and U. Wittrock, “Chromatic aberration in petawatt-class lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 84(3), 421–428 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hou, J.

Huang, J. Y.

Jiang, W.

Kalintchenko, G.

Kebbel, V.

Keller, U.

Knoesen, A.

Krausz, F.

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, “Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 72(2), 545–591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kühl, T.

H.-M. Heuck, P. Neumayer, T. Kühl, and U. Wittrock, “Chromatic aberration in petawatt-class lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 84(3), 421–428 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lancis, J.

Ling, N.

Maksimchuk, A.

Mann, K.

Marcinkevicius, A.

areA. Marcinkevičius, R. Tommasini, G. D. Tsakiris, K. J. Witte, E. Gaižauskas, and U. Teubner, “Frequency doubling of multi-terawatt femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 79(5), 547–554 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Marowski, G.

Méndez, C.

Mendoza-Yero, O.

Mínguez-Vega, G.

Mourou, G.

Mourou, G. A.

Nantel, M.

Neumann, U.

Neumayer, P.

H.-M. Heuck, P. Neumayer, T. Kühl, and U. Wittrock, “Chromatic aberration in petawatt-class lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 84(3), 421–428 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Planchon, T. A.

Prieto, P. M.

Primot, J.

Ranc, S.

S. Ranc, G. Chériaux, S. Ferré, J.-P. Rousseau, and J.-P. Chambaret, “Importance of spatial quality of intense femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 181–187 (2000).

Reimann, K.

Romero, C.

Roso, L.

Rousseau, J.-P.

S. Ranc, G. Chériaux, S. Ferré, J.-P. Rousseau, and J.-P. Chambaret, “Importance of spatial quality of intense femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 181–187 (2000).

Rousseau, P.

Rouyer, C.

Rubino, E.

Schaefer, B.

Sheik-Bahae, M.

Sidick, E.

Stegeman, G.

Steinmeyer, G.

Strickland, D.

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56(3), 219–221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Tartara, L.

Teubner, U.

areA. Marcinkevičius, R. Tommasini, G. D. Tsakiris, K. J. Witte, E. Gaižauskas, and U. Teubner, “Frequency doubling of multi-terawatt femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 79(5), 547–554 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tommasini, R.

areA. Marcinkevičius, R. Tommasini, G. D. Tsakiris, K. J. Witte, E. Gaižauskas, and U. Teubner, “Frequency doubling of multi-terawatt femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 79(5), 547–554 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tsakiris, G. D.

areA. Marcinkevičius, R. Tommasini, G. D. Tsakiris, K. J. Witte, E. Gaižauskas, and U. Teubner, “Frequency doubling of multi-terawatt femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 79(5), 547–554 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Van Stryland, E. W.

Vanherzeele, H.

Vargas-Martín, F.

Vázquez de Aldana, J. R.

Velghe, S.

Videau, L.

Vohnsen, B.

Wang, H.

Wattellier, B.

Witte, K. J.

areA. Marcinkevičius, R. Tommasini, G. D. Tsakiris, K. J. Witte, E. Gaižauskas, and U. Teubner, “Frequency doubling of multi-terawatt femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 79(5), 547–554 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wittrock, U.

H.-M. Heuck, P. Neumayer, T. Kühl, and U. Wittrock, “Chromatic aberration in petawatt-class lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 84(3), 421–428 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wong, G. K.

Wong, K. S.

Yanovsky, V.

Zhang, J.-Y.

Zhang, Y.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (3)

H.-M. Heuck, P. Neumayer, T. Kühl, and U. Wittrock, “Chromatic aberration in petawatt-class lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 84(3), 421–428 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Ranc, G. Chériaux, S. Ferré, J.-P. Rousseau, and J.-P. Chambaret, “Importance of spatial quality of intense femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 181–187 (2000).

areA. Marcinkevičius, R. Tommasini, G. D. Tsakiris, K. J. Witte, E. Gaižauskas, and U. Teubner, “Frequency doubling of multi-terawatt femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 79(5), 547–554 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (4)

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 56(3), 219–221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (9)

G. Mínguez-Vega, C. Romero, O. Mendoza-Yero, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, R. Borrego-Varillas, C. Méndez, P. Andrés, J. Lancis, V. Climent, and L. Roso, “Wavelength tuning of femtosecond pulses generated in nonlinear crystals by using diffractive lenses,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3694–3696 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Hauri, J. Biegert, U. Keller, B. Schaefer, K. Mann, and G. Marowski, “Validity of wave-front reconstruction and propagation of ultrabroadband pulses measured with a Hartmann-Shack sensor,” Opt. Lett. 30(12), 1563–1565 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-W. Bahk, P. Rousseau, T. A. Planchon, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, A. Maksimchuk, G. A. Mourou, and V. Yanovsky, “Generation and characterization of the highest laser intensities (1022 W/cm2),” Opt. Lett. 29(24), 2837–2839 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Velghe, J. Primot, N. Guérineau, M. Cohen, and B. Wattellier, “Wave-front reconstruction from multidirectional phase derivatives generated by multilateral shearing interferometers,” Opt. Lett. 30(3), 245–247 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-C. Chanteloup, F. Druon, M. Nantel, A. Maksimchuk, and G. Mourou, “Single-shot wave-front measurements of high-intensity ultrashort laser pulses with a three-wave interferometer,” Opt. Lett. 23(8), 621–623 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Grunwald, U. Neumann, U. Griebner, K. Reimann, G. Steinmeyer, and V. Kebbel, “Ultrashort-pulse wave-front autocorrelation,” Opt. Lett. 28(23), 2399–2401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Rubino, D. Faccio, L. Tartara, P. K. Bates, O. Chalus, M. Clerici, F. Bonaretti, J. Biegert, and P. Di Trapani, “Spatiotemporal amplitude and phase retrieval of space-time coupled ultrashort pulses using the Shackled-FROG technique,” Opt. Lett. 34(24), 3854–3856 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. DeSalvo, D. J. Hagan, M. Sheik-Bahae, G. Stegeman, E. W. Van Stryland, and H. Vanherzeele, “Self-focusing and self-defocusing by cascaded second-order effects in KTP,” Opt. Lett. 17(1), 28–30 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. P. Caumes, L. Videau, C. Rouyer, and E. Freysz, “Direct measurement of wave-front distortion induced during second-harmonic generation: application to breakup-integral compensation,” Opt. Lett. 29(8), 899–901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, “Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 72(2), 545–591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

P. R. Bowlan and R. Trebino, “Using Phase Retrieval to Obtain the Complete Spatio-Temporal Intensity and Phase of Ultrashort Pulses,” in Signal Recovery and Synthesis, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper SWA6.

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic Press, 2008).

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosgan, Handbook of nonlinear optical crystals (Springer, 1999).

J.-C. Diels and W. Rudolph, Ultrashort laser pulse phenomena (Academic Press, 1996), Chap. 3.

C. Romero, Universidad de Salamanca, Pl. de la Merced s/n., E-37008 Spain, and associates are preparing a manuscript to be called “Second harmonic generation of femtosecond pulses focused on BBO with a diffractive lens.”

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