Abstract

We present a 100-kHz deep-ultraviolet (DUV) laser system that generates 40-fs pulses. A 520-nm pulse generated by a noncollinear optical parametric amplifier pumped by the second harmonic of a Ti:sapphire laser is converted into 226- and 260-nm DUV pulses simultaneously with pulse energies of 250 and 130 nJ (average powers: 25 and 13 mW), respectively. The DUV pulses were estimated to have durations of ca. 40 fs by cross-correlation measurements based on (1 + 1′) two-color ionization of gaseous nitric oxide.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  14. Y. Suzuki, H. Shen, Y. Tang, N. Kurahashi, K. Sekiguchi, T. Mizuno, and T. Suzuki, “Isotope effect on ultrafast charge-transfer-to-solvent reaction from I- to water in aqueous NaI solution,” Chem. Sci. 2(6), 1094–1102 (2011).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  20. Y. Tang, Y. Suzuki, T. Horio, and T. Suzuki, “Molecular frame image restoration and partial wave analysis of photoionization dynamics of NO by time-energy mapping of photoelectron angular distribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(7), 073002 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011

Y. Suzuki, H. Shen, Y. Tang, N. Kurahashi, K. Sekiguchi, T. Mizuno, and T. Suzuki, “Isotope effect on ultrafast charge-transfer-to-solvent reaction from I- to water in aqueous NaI solution,” Chem. Sci. 2(6), 1094–1102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, J. Rothhardt, C. Jocher, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High-repetition-rate sub-5-fs pulses with 12 GW peak power from fiber-amplifier-pumped optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 36(3), 313–315 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

2008

2007

2006

J. Piel, E. Riedle, L. Gundlach, R. Ernstorfer, and R. Eichberger, “Sub-20 fs visible pulses with 750 nJ energy from a 100 kHz noncollinear optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 31(9), 1289–1291 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Passlack, S. Mathias, O. Andreyev, D. Mittnacht, M. Aeschlimann, and M. Bauer, “Space charge effects in Photoemission with a low repetition, high intensity femtosecond laser source,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(2), 024912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

L. Gundlach, R. Ernstorfer, E. Riedle, R. Eichberger, and F. Willig, “Femtosecond two-photon photoemission at 150 kHz utilizing two noncollinear optical parametric amplifiers for measuring ultrafast electron dynamics,” Appl. Phys. B 80(6), 727–731 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003

A. Baltuska, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Udem, T. W. Hansch, and F. Krausz, “Phase-Controlled Amplification of Few-Cycle Laser Pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9(4), 972–989 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001

1997

R. Trebino, K. W. Delong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(9), 3277–3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1968

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Keinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39(8), 3597–3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Adachi, S.

Aeschlimann, M.

S. Passlack, S. Mathias, O. Andreyev, D. Mittnacht, M. Aeschlimann, and M. Bauer, “Space charge effects in Photoemission with a low repetition, high intensity femtosecond laser source,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(2), 024912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Andreyev, O.

S. Passlack, S. Mathias, O. Andreyev, D. Mittnacht, M. Aeschlimann, and M. Bauer, “Space charge effects in Photoemission with a low repetition, high intensity femtosecond laser source,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(2), 024912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Baltuska, A.

A. Baltuska, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Udem, T. W. Hansch, and F. Krausz, “Phase-Controlled Amplification of Few-Cycle Laser Pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9(4), 972–989 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bauer, M.

S. Passlack, S. Mathias, O. Andreyev, D. Mittnacht, M. Aeschlimann, and M. Bauer, “Space charge effects in Photoemission with a low repetition, high intensity femtosecond laser source,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(2), 024912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Binhammer, T.

Borguet, E.

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Keinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39(8), 3597–3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Delong, K. W.

R. Trebino, K. W. Delong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(9), 3277–3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Demmler, S.

Düsterer, S.

Eichberger, R.

J. Piel, E. Riedle, L. Gundlach, R. Ernstorfer, and R. Eichberger, “Sub-20 fs visible pulses with 750 nJ energy from a 100 kHz noncollinear optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 31(9), 1289–1291 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Gundlach, R. Ernstorfer, E. Riedle, R. Eichberger, and F. Willig, “Femtosecond two-photon photoemission at 150 kHz utilizing two noncollinear optical parametric amplifiers for measuring ultrafast electron dynamics,” Appl. Phys. B 80(6), 727–731 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Emons, M.

Ernstorfer, R.

J. Piel, E. Riedle, L. Gundlach, R. Ernstorfer, and R. Eichberger, “Sub-20 fs visible pulses with 750 nJ energy from a 100 kHz noncollinear optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 31(9), 1289–1291 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Gundlach, R. Ernstorfer, E. Riedle, R. Eichberger, and F. Willig, “Femtosecond two-photon photoemission at 150 kHz utilizing two noncollinear optical parametric amplifiers for measuring ultrafast electron dynamics,” Appl. Phys. B 80(6), 727–731 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Feldhaus, J.

Fieß, M.

Fittinghoff, D. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. Delong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(9), 3277–3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fuji, T.

Goulielmakis, E.

U. Graf, M. Fieβ, M. Schultze, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Intense few-cycle light pulses in the deep ultraviolet,” Opt. Express 16(23), 18956–18963 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Udem, T. W. Hansch, and F. Krausz, “Phase-Controlled Amplification of Few-Cycle Laser Pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9(4), 972–989 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Graf, U.

Gundlach, L.

J. Piel, E. Riedle, L. Gundlach, R. Ernstorfer, and R. Eichberger, “Sub-20 fs visible pulses with 750 nJ energy from a 100 kHz noncollinear optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 31(9), 1289–1291 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Gundlach, R. Ernstorfer, E. Riedle, R. Eichberger, and F. Willig, “Femtosecond two-photon photoemission at 150 kHz utilizing two noncollinear optical parametric amplifiers for measuring ultrafast electron dynamics,” Appl. Phys. B 80(6), 727–731 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hädrich, S.

Hansch, T. W.

A. Baltuska, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Udem, T. W. Hansch, and F. Krausz, “Phase-Controlled Amplification of Few-Cycle Laser Pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9(4), 972–989 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

Horio, T.

Y. Tang, Y. Suzuki, T. Horio, and T. Suzuki, “Molecular frame image restoration and partial wave analysis of photoionization dynamics of NO by time-energy mapping of photoelectron angular distribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(7), 073002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Fuji, T. Horio, and T. Suzuki, “Generation of 12 fs deep-ultraviolet pulses by four-wave mixing through filamentation in neon gas,” Opt. Lett. 32(17), 2481–2483 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ippen, E. P.

Isaienko, O.

Ishii, N.

Itatani, J.

Jocher, C.

Kanai, T.

Kane, D. J.

R. Trebino, K. W. Delong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(9), 3277–3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Keinman, D. A.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Keinman, “Parametric interaction of focused Gaussian light beams,” J. Appl. Phys. 39(8), 3597–3639 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Kienberger, R.

U. Graf, M. Fieβ, M. Schultze, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Intense few-cycle light pulses in the deep ultraviolet,” Opt. Express 16(23), 18956–18963 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Udem, T. W. Hansch, and F. Krausz, “Phase-Controlled Amplification of Few-Cycle Laser Pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9(4), 972–989 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, Y.

Kosuge, A.

Krausz, F.

U. Graf, M. Fieβ, M. Schultze, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Intense few-cycle light pulses in the deep ultraviolet,” Opt. Express 16(23), 18956–18963 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Udem, T. W. Hansch, and F. Krausz, “Phase-Controlled Amplification of Few-Cycle Laser Pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9(4), 972–989 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Krok, P.

Krumbügel, M. A.

R. Trebino, K. W. Delong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(9), 3277–3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kurahashi, N.

Y. Suzuki, H. Shen, Y. Tang, N. Kurahashi, K. Sekiguchi, T. Mizuno, and T. Suzuki, “Isotope effect on ultrafast charge-transfer-to-solvent reaction from I- to water in aqueous NaI solution,” Chem. Sci. 2(6), 1094–1102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tang, Y. Suzuki, H. Shen, K. Sekiguchi, N. Kurahashi, K. Nishizawa, P. Zuo, and T. Suzuki, “Time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy of bulk liquids at ultra-low kinetic energy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 494(1-3), 111–116 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Limpert, J.

Lochbrunner, S.

Mathias, S.

S. Passlack, S. Mathias, O. Andreyev, D. Mittnacht, M. Aeschlimann, and M. Bauer, “Space charge effects in Photoemission with a low repetition, high intensity femtosecond laser source,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(2), 024912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mittnacht, D.

S. Passlack, S. Mathias, O. Andreyev, D. Mittnacht, M. Aeschlimann, and M. Bauer, “Space charge effects in Photoemission with a low repetition, high intensity femtosecond laser source,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(2), 024912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mizuno, T.

Y. Suzuki, H. Shen, Y. Tang, N. Kurahashi, K. Sekiguchi, T. Mizuno, and T. Suzuki, “Isotope effect on ultrafast charge-transfer-to-solvent reaction from I- to water in aqueous NaI solution,” Chem. Sci. 2(6), 1094–1102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Morgner, U.

Nishizawa, K.

Y. Tang, Y. Suzuki, H. Shen, K. Sekiguchi, N. Kurahashi, K. Nishizawa, P. Zuo, and T. Suzuki, “Time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy of bulk liquids at ultra-low kinetic energy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 494(1-3), 111–116 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Palmer, G.

Passlack, S.

S. Passlack, S. Mathias, O. Andreyev, D. Mittnacht, M. Aeschlimann, and M. Bauer, “Space charge effects in Photoemission with a low repetition, high intensity femtosecond laser source,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(2), 024912 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Piel, J.

Richman, B. A.

R. Trebino, K. W. Delong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(9), 3277–3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Riedle, E.

Rossbach, J.

Rothhardt, J.

Schimpf, D. N.

Schlarb, H.

Schriever, C.

Schultze, M.

Seise, E.

Sekiguchi, K.

Y. Suzuki, H. Shen, Y. Tang, N. Kurahashi, K. Sekiguchi, T. Mizuno, and T. Suzuki, “Isotope effect on ultrafast charge-transfer-to-solvent reaction from I- to water in aqueous NaI solution,” Chem. Sci. 2(6), 1094–1102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tang, Y. Suzuki, H. Shen, K. Sekiguchi, N. Kurahashi, K. Nishizawa, P. Zuo, and T. Suzuki, “Time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy of bulk liquids at ultra-low kinetic energy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 494(1-3), 111–116 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shen, H.

Y. Suzuki, H. Shen, Y. Tang, N. Kurahashi, K. Sekiguchi, T. Mizuno, and T. Suzuki, “Isotope effect on ultrafast charge-transfer-to-solvent reaction from I- to water in aqueous NaI solution,” Chem. Sci. 2(6), 1094–1102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tang, Y. Suzuki, H. Shen, K. Sekiguchi, N. Kurahashi, K. Nishizawa, P. Zuo, and T. Suzuki, “Time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy of bulk liquids at ultra-low kinetic energy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 494(1-3), 111–116 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Steinmann, A.

Suzuki, T.

Y. Suzuki, H. Shen, Y. Tang, N. Kurahashi, K. Sekiguchi, T. Mizuno, and T. Suzuki, “Isotope effect on ultrafast charge-transfer-to-solvent reaction from I- to water in aqueous NaI solution,” Chem. Sci. 2(6), 1094–1102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tang, Y. Suzuki, H. Shen, K. Sekiguchi, N. Kurahashi, K. Nishizawa, P. Zuo, and T. Suzuki, “Time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy of bulk liquids at ultra-low kinetic energy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 494(1-3), 111–116 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tang, Y. Suzuki, T. Horio, and T. Suzuki, “Molecular frame image restoration and partial wave analysis of photoionization dynamics of NO by time-energy mapping of photoelectron angular distribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(7), 073002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Fuji, T. Horio, and T. Suzuki, “Generation of 12 fs deep-ultraviolet pulses by four-wave mixing through filamentation in neon gas,” Opt. Lett. 32(17), 2481–2483 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suzuki, Y.

Y. Suzuki, H. Shen, Y. Tang, N. Kurahashi, K. Sekiguchi, T. Mizuno, and T. Suzuki, “Isotope effect on ultrafast charge-transfer-to-solvent reaction from I- to water in aqueous NaI solution,” Chem. Sci. 2(6), 1094–1102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tang, Y. Suzuki, H. Shen, K. Sekiguchi, N. Kurahashi, K. Nishizawa, P. Zuo, and T. Suzuki, “Time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy of bulk liquids at ultra-low kinetic energy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 494(1-3), 111–116 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tang, Y. Suzuki, T. Horio, and T. Suzuki, “Molecular frame image restoration and partial wave analysis of photoionization dynamics of NO by time-energy mapping of photoelectron angular distribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(7), 073002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sweetser, J. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. Delong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(9), 3277–3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tang, Y.

Y. Suzuki, H. Shen, Y. Tang, N. Kurahashi, K. Sekiguchi, T. Mizuno, and T. Suzuki, “Isotope effect on ultrafast charge-transfer-to-solvent reaction from I- to water in aqueous NaI solution,” Chem. Sci. 2(6), 1094–1102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tang, Y. Suzuki, H. Shen, K. Sekiguchi, N. Kurahashi, K. Nishizawa, P. Zuo, and T. Suzuki, “Time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy of bulk liquids at ultra-low kinetic energy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 494(1-3), 111–116 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tang, Y. Suzuki, T. Horio, and T. Suzuki, “Molecular frame image restoration and partial wave analysis of photoionization dynamics of NO by time-energy mapping of photoelectron angular distribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(7), 073002 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tavella, F.

Torizuka, K.

Trebino, R.

R. Trebino, K. W. Delong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(9), 3277–3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tschentscher, T.

Tünnermann, A.

Udem, T.

A. Baltuska, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Udem, T. W. Hansch, and F. Krausz, “Phase-Controlled Amplification of Few-Cycle Laser Pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9(4), 972–989 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Uiberacker, M.

A. Baltuska, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Udem, T. W. Hansch, and F. Krausz, “Phase-Controlled Amplification of Few-Cycle Laser Pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9(4), 972–989 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vöhringer, P.

Watanabe, S.

Willig, F.

L. Gundlach, R. Ernstorfer, E. Riedle, R. Eichberger, and F. Willig, “Femtosecond two-photon photoemission at 150 kHz utilizing two noncollinear optical parametric amplifiers for measuring ultrafast electron dynamics,” Appl. Phys. B 80(6), 727–731 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A.

Yakovlev, V. S.

A. Baltuska, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Udem, T. W. Hansch, and F. Krausz, “Phase-Controlled Amplification of Few-Cycle Laser Pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9(4), 972–989 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yoshitomi, D.

Zuo, P.

Y. Tang, Y. Suzuki, H. Shen, K. Sekiguchi, N. Kurahashi, K. Nishizawa, P. Zuo, and T. Suzuki, “Time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy of bulk liquids at ultra-low kinetic energy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 494(1-3), 111–116 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

L. Gundlach, R. Ernstorfer, E. Riedle, R. Eichberger, and F. Willig, “Femtosecond two-photon photoemission at 150 kHz utilizing two noncollinear optical parametric amplifiers for measuring ultrafast electron dynamics,” Appl. Phys. B 80(6), 727–731 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett.

Y. Tang, Y. Suzuki, H. Shen, K. Sekiguchi, N. Kurahashi, K. Nishizawa, P. Zuo, and T. Suzuki, “Time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy of bulk liquids at ultra-low kinetic energy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 494(1-3), 111–116 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Sci.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of high-repetition-rate DUV system. The inset shows the measured WLC spectrum.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Illustration of seed and pump pulses in the time domain and the resultant NOPA output in the wavelength domain.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Measured and (b) retrieved SHG FROG traces. (c) Retrieved pulse in the time and (d) frequency domains. Grey curve in (d) shows the NOPA spectrum measured with a spectrometer.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectra of (a) 226-nm and (b) 260-nm DUV laser pulses. Beam profiles of (c) 226-nm and (d) 260-nm DUV pulses at foci.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Schematic energy diagram of (1+1′) ionization of NO molecules. (b) Time profile of photoelectron signal intensity. The inset shows a cross-correlation profile between two DUV pulses extracted by differentiating the time profile.

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