Abstract

When ultrafast noncritical cascaded second-harmonic generation of energetic femtosecond pulses occur in a bulk lithium niobate crystal optical Cherenkov waves are formed in the near- to mid-IR. Numerical simulations show that the few-cycle solitons radiate Cherenkov (dispersive) waves in the λ = 2.2 – 4.5 μm range when pumping at λ1 = 1.2 – 1.8 μm. The exact phase-matching point depends on the soliton wavelength, and we show that a simple longpass filter can separate the Cherenkov waves from the solitons. The Cherenkov waves are born few-cycle with an excellent Gaussian pulse shape, and the conversion efficiency is up to 25%. Thus, optical Cherenkov waves formed with cascaded nonlinearities could become an efficient source of energetic near- to mid-IR few-cycle pulses.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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2011 (1)

N. Y. Joly, J. Nold, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, G. K. L. Wong, F. Biancalana, and P. S. J. Russell, “Bright spatially coherent wavelength-tunable deep-UV laser source using an Ar-filled photonic crystal fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (6)

D. V. Skryabin and A. V. Gorbach, “Colloquium: Looking at a soliton through the prism of optical supercontinuum,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 1287–1299 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4, 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Chang, L.-J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Highly efficient Cherenkov radiation in photonic crystal fibers for broadband visible wavelength generation,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2361–2363 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-J. Im, A. Husakou, and J. Herrmann, “High-power soliton-induced supercontinuum generation and tunable sub-10-fs VUV pulses from kagome-lattice HC-PCFs,” Opt. Express 18, 5367–5374 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Bache and F. W. Wise, “Type-I cascaded quadratic soliton compression in lithium niobate: Compressing femtosecond pulses from high-power fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 053815 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Bache, O. Bang, B. B. Zhou, J. Moses, and F. W. Wise, “Optical Cherenkov radiation in ultrafast cascaded second-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 063806 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

2007 (4)

2006 (3)

2005 (1)

B. A. Malomed, D. Mihalache, F. Wise, and L. Torner, “Spatiotemporal optical solitons,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 7, R53–R72 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

A. V. Buryak, P. Di Trapani, D. V. Skryabin, and S. Trillo, “Optical solitons due to quadratic nonlinearities: from basic physics to futuristic applications,” Phys. Rep. 370, 63–235 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Ashihara, J. Nishina, T. Shimura, and K. Kuroda, “Soliton compression of femtosecond pulses in quadratic media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2505–2510 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

J.-P. Likforman, M. Mehendale, D. M. Villeneuve, M. Joffre, and P. B. Corkum, “Conversion of high-power 15-fs visible pulses to the mid infrared,” Opt. Lett. 26, 99–101 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, “Supercontinuum generation of higher-order solitons by fission in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 203901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. Corney and O. Bang, “Solitons in quadratic nonlinear photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. E 64, 047601 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1997 (2)

I. Shoji, T. Kondo, A. Kitamoto, M. Shirane, and R. Ito, “Absolute scale of second-order nonlinear-optical coefficients,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2268–2294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. B. Clausen, O. Bang, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Spatial solitons and induced Kerr effects in quasi-phase-matched quadratic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4749–4752 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

G. I. Stegeman, D. J. Hagan, and L. Torner, “χ(2) cascading phenomena and their applications to all-optical signal processing, mode-locking, pulse compression and solitons,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 1691–1740 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602–2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988 (2)

1987 (2)

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H. Weber, “Ultrashort pulse propagation, pulse breakup, and fundamental soliton formation in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electr. 23, 1938–1946 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kodama and A. Hasegawa, “Nonlinear pulse propagation in a monomode dielectric guide,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 510–524 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

1972 (1)

J. M. R. Thomas and J. P. E. Taran, “Pulse distortions in mismatched second harmonic generation,” Opt. Comm. 4, 329–334 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

L. A. Ostrovskii, “Self-action of light in crystals,” Pisma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 5, 331 (1967) [JETP Lett. 5, 272–275 (1967)].

1961 (1)

P. A. Franken, A. E. Hill, C. W. Peters, and G. Weinreich, “Generation of optical harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 118–119 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Akhmediev, N.

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602–2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arie, A.

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, “Temperature and wavelength dependent refractive index equations for MgO-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B 91, 343–348 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ashihara, S.

Bache, M.

M. Bache, O. Bang, B. B. Zhou, J. Moses, and F. W. Wise, “Optical Cherenkov radiation in ultrafast cascaded second-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 063806 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Bache and F. W. Wise, “Type-I cascaded quadratic soliton compression in lithium niobate: Compressing femtosecond pulses from high-power fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 053815 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Bache, O. Bang, W. Krolikowski, J. Moses, and F. W. Wise, “Limits to compression with cascaded quadratic soliton compressors,” Opt. Express 16, 3273–3287 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Bache, J. Moses, and F. W. Wise, “Scaling laws for soliton pulse compression by cascaded quadratic nonlinearities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2752–2762 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Bache, O. Bang, J. Moses, and F. W. Wise, “Nonlocal explanation of stationary and nonstationary regimes in cascaded soliton pulse compression,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2490–2492 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. B. Zhou, A. Chong, F. W. Wise, and M. Bache, “Few-cycle solitons in short strongly phase-mismatched frequency conversion crystals,” submitted, arXiv:1109.4261 (2011).

Bang, O.

M. Bache, O. Bang, B. B. Zhou, J. Moses, and F. W. Wise, “Optical Cherenkov radiation in ultrafast cascaded second-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 063806 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Bache, O. Bang, W. Krolikowski, J. Moses, and F. W. Wise, “Limits to compression with cascaded quadratic soliton compressors,” Opt. Express 16, 3273–3287 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Bache, O. Bang, J. Moses, and F. W. Wise, “Nonlocal explanation of stationary and nonstationary regimes in cascaded soliton pulse compression,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2490–2492 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. Corney and O. Bang, “Solitons in quadratic nonlinear photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. E 64, 047601 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. B. Clausen, O. Bang, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Spatial solitons and induced Kerr effects in quasi-phase-matched quadratic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4749–4752 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Beaud, P.

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H. Weber, “Ultrashort pulse propagation, pulse breakup, and fundamental soliton formation in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electr. 23, 1938–1946 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Biancalana, F.

N. Y. Joly, J. Nold, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, G. K. L. Wong, F. Biancalana, and P. S. J. Russell, “Bright spatially coherent wavelength-tunable deep-UV laser source using an Ar-filled photonic crystal fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bramati, A.

P. Di Trapani, A. Bramati, S. Minardi, W. Chinaglia, C. Conti, S. Trillo, J. Kilius, and G. Valiulis, “Focusing versus defocusing nonlinearities due to parametric wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 183902 (2001).

Brida, D.

Buryak, A. V.

A. V. Buryak, P. Di Trapani, D. V. Skryabin, and S. Trillo, “Optical solitons due to quadratic nonlinearities: from basic physics to futuristic applications,” Phys. Rep. 370, 63–235 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cerullo, G.

Chang, G.

Chang, W.

N. Y. Joly, J. Nold, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, G. K. L. Wong, F. Biancalana, and P. S. J. Russell, “Bright spatially coherent wavelength-tunable deep-UV laser source using an Ar-filled photonic crystal fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Travers, P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. Nold, A. Nazarkin, N. Joly, and P. S. Russell, “Phase-matching and gain of deep-UV dispersive-wave generation,” in CLEO/Europe and EQEC 2011 Conference Digest, (Optical Society of America, 2011), p. CJ3.1.

Chen, H. H.

Chen, L.-J.

Chinaglia, W.

P. Di Trapani, A. Bramati, S. Minardi, W. Chinaglia, C. Conti, S. Trillo, J. Kilius, and G. Valiulis, “Focusing versus defocusing nonlinearities due to parametric wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 183902 (2001).

Chong, A.

B. B. Zhou, A. Chong, F. W. Wise, and M. Bache, “Few-cycle solitons in short strongly phase-mismatched frequency conversion crystals,” submitted, arXiv:1109.4261 (2011).

Clausen, C. B.

C. B. Clausen, O. Bang, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Spatial solitons and induced Kerr effects in quasi-phase-matched quadratic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4749–4752 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Conti, C.

P. Di Trapani, A. Bramati, S. Minardi, W. Chinaglia, C. Conti, S. Trillo, J. Kilius, and G. Valiulis, “Focusing versus defocusing nonlinearities due to parametric wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 183902 (2001).

Corkum, P. B.

Corney, J. F.

J. F. Corney and O. Bang, “Solitons in quadratic nonlinear photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. E 64, 047601 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Di Trapani, P.

A. V. Buryak, P. Di Trapani, D. V. Skryabin, and S. Trillo, “Optical solitons due to quadratic nonlinearities: from basic physics to futuristic applications,” Phys. Rep. 370, 63–235 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Di Trapani, A. Bramati, S. Minardi, W. Chinaglia, C. Conti, S. Trillo, J. Kilius, and G. Valiulis, “Focusing versus defocusing nonlinearities due to parametric wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 183902 (2001).

Eggert, S.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4, 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Faldon, M. E.

Fejer, M. M.

Fermann, M. E.

Franken, P. A.

P. A. Franken, A. E. Hill, C. W. Peters, and G. Weinreich, “Generation of optical harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 118–119 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Galun, E.

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, “Temperature and wavelength dependent refractive index equations for MgO-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B 91, 343–348 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gayer, O.

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, “Temperature and wavelength dependent refractive index equations for MgO-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B 91, 343–348 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gorbach, A. V.

D. V. Skryabin and A. V. Gorbach, “Colloquium: Looking at a soliton through the prism of optical supercontinuum,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 1287–1299 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic-crystal fibres,” Nat. Photonics 1, 653–657 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gouveia-Neto, A. S.

Hagan, D. J.

G. I. Stegeman, D. J. Hagan, and L. Torner, “χ(2) cascading phenomena and their applications to all-optical signal processing, mode-locking, pulse compression and solitons,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 1691–1740 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hanke, T.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4, 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hartl, I.

Hasegawa, A.

Y. Kodama and A. Hasegawa, “Nonlinear pulse propagation in a monomode dielectric guide,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 510–524 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Herrmann, J.

S.-J. Im, A. Husakou, and J. Herrmann, “High-power soliton-induced supercontinuum generation and tunable sub-10-fs VUV pulses from kagome-lattice HC-PCFs,” Opt. Express 18, 5367–5374 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, “Supercontinuum generation of higher-order solitons by fission in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 203901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hill, A. E.

P. A. Franken, A. E. Hill, C. W. Peters, and G. Weinreich, “Generation of optical harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 118–119 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Hodel, W.

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H. Weber, “Ultrashort pulse propagation, pulse breakup, and fundamental soliton formation in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electr. 23, 1938–1946 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Hölzer, P.

N. Y. Joly, J. Nold, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, G. K. L. Wong, F. Biancalana, and P. S. J. Russell, “Bright spatially coherent wavelength-tunable deep-UV laser source using an Ar-filled photonic crystal fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Travers, P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. Nold, A. Nazarkin, N. Joly, and P. S. Russell, “Phase-matching and gain of deep-UV dispersive-wave generation,” in CLEO/Europe and EQEC 2011 Conference Digest, (Optical Society of America, 2011), p. CJ3.1.

Huber, R.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4, 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Husakou, A.

Husakou, A. V.

A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, “Supercontinuum generation of higher-order solitons by fission in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 203901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Im, S.-J.

Ito, R.

Joffre, M.

Joly, N.

J. C. Travers, P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. Nold, A. Nazarkin, N. Joly, and P. S. Russell, “Phase-matching and gain of deep-UV dispersive-wave generation,” in CLEO/Europe and EQEC 2011 Conference Digest, (Optical Society of America, 2011), p. CJ3.1.

Joly, N. Y.

N. Y. Joly, J. Nold, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, G. K. L. Wong, F. Biancalana, and P. S. J. Russell, “Bright spatially coherent wavelength-tunable deep-UV laser source using an Ar-filled photonic crystal fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Karlsson, M.

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602–2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kärtner, F. X.

Kilius, J.

P. Di Trapani, A. Bramati, S. Minardi, W. Chinaglia, C. Conti, S. Trillo, J. Kilius, and G. Valiulis, “Focusing versus defocusing nonlinearities due to parametric wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 183902 (2001).

Kitamoto, A.

Kivshar, Y. S.

C. B. Clausen, O. Bang, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Spatial solitons and induced Kerr effects in quasi-phase-matched quadratic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4749–4752 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kodama, Y.

Y. Kodama and A. Hasegawa, “Nonlinear pulse propagation in a monomode dielectric guide,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 510–524 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Kondo, T.

Krauss, G.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4, 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Krolikowski, W.

Kumar, S.

Kuroda, K.

Langrock, C.

Lee, Y. C.

Leitenstorfer, A.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4, 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Likforman, J.-P.

Liu, X.

Lohss, S.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4, 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Malomed, B. A.

B. A. Malomed, D. Mihalache, F. Wise, and L. Torner, “Spatiotemporal optical solitons,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 7, R53–R72 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Manzoni, C.

Marangoni, M.

McGeehan, J. E.

Mehendale, M.

Menyuk, C. R.

Mihalache, D.

B. A. Malomed, D. Mihalache, F. Wise, and L. Torner, “Spatiotemporal optical solitons,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 7, R53–R72 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Minardi, S.

P. Di Trapani, A. Bramati, S. Minardi, W. Chinaglia, C. Conti, S. Trillo, J. Kilius, and G. Valiulis, “Focusing versus defocusing nonlinearities due to parametric wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 183902 (2001).

Moses, J.

Nazarkin, A.

N. Y. Joly, J. Nold, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, G. K. L. Wong, F. Biancalana, and P. S. J. Russell, “Bright spatially coherent wavelength-tunable deep-UV laser source using an Ar-filled photonic crystal fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Travers, P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. Nold, A. Nazarkin, N. Joly, and P. S. Russell, “Phase-matching and gain of deep-UV dispersive-wave generation,” in CLEO/Europe and EQEC 2011 Conference Digest, (Optical Society of America, 2011), p. CJ3.1.

Nishina, J.

Nold, J.

N. Y. Joly, J. Nold, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, G. K. L. Wong, F. Biancalana, and P. S. J. Russell, “Bright spatially coherent wavelength-tunable deep-UV laser source using an Ar-filled photonic crystal fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Travers, P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. Nold, A. Nazarkin, N. Joly, and P. S. Russell, “Phase-matching and gain of deep-UV dispersive-wave generation,” in CLEO/Europe and EQEC 2011 Conference Digest, (Optical Society of America, 2011), p. CJ3.1.

Ostrovskii, L. A.

L. A. Ostrovskii, “Self-action of light in crystals,” Pisma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 5, 331 (1967) [JETP Lett. 5, 272–275 (1967)].

Peters, C. W.

P. A. Franken, A. E. Hill, C. W. Peters, and G. Weinreich, “Generation of optical harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 118–119 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Qian, L.

Russell, P. S.

J. C. Travers, P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. Nold, A. Nazarkin, N. Joly, and P. S. Russell, “Phase-matching and gain of deep-UV dispersive-wave generation,” in CLEO/Europe and EQEC 2011 Conference Digest, (Optical Society of America, 2011), p. CJ3.1.

Russell, P. S. J.

N. Y. Joly, J. Nold, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, G. K. L. Wong, F. Biancalana, and P. S. J. Russell, “Bright spatially coherent wavelength-tunable deep-UV laser source using an Ar-filled photonic crystal fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sacks, Z.

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, “Temperature and wavelength dependent refractive index equations for MgO-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B 91, 343–348 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sell, A.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4, 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shimura, T.

Shirane, M.

Shoji, I.

Silvestri, S. D.

Skryabin, D. V.

D. V. Skryabin and A. V. Gorbach, “Colloquium: Looking at a soliton through the prism of optical supercontinuum,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 1287–1299 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic-crystal fibres,” Nat. Photonics 1, 653–657 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Buryak, P. Di Trapani, D. V. Skryabin, and S. Trillo, “Optical solitons due to quadratic nonlinearities: from basic physics to futuristic applications,” Phys. Rep. 370, 63–235 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Stegeman, G. I.

G. I. Stegeman, D. J. Hagan, and L. Torner, “χ(2) cascading phenomena and their applications to all-optical signal processing, mode-locking, pulse compression and solitons,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 1691–1740 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tang, C. L.

Taran, J. P. E.

J. M. R. Thomas and J. P. E. Taran, “Pulse distortions in mismatched second harmonic generation,” Opt. Comm. 4, 329–334 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, J. R.

Thomas, J. M. R.

J. M. R. Thomas and J. P. E. Taran, “Pulse distortions in mismatched second harmonic generation,” Opt. Comm. 4, 329–334 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Torner, L.

B. A. Malomed, D. Mihalache, F. Wise, and L. Torner, “Spatiotemporal optical solitons,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 7, R53–R72 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. I. Stegeman, D. J. Hagan, and L. Torner, “χ(2) cascading phenomena and their applications to all-optical signal processing, mode-locking, pulse compression and solitons,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 1691–1740 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Travers, J. C.

J. C. Travers, P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. Nold, A. Nazarkin, N. Joly, and P. S. Russell, “Phase-matching and gain of deep-UV dispersive-wave generation,” in CLEO/Europe and EQEC 2011 Conference Digest, (Optical Society of America, 2011), p. CJ3.1.

Trillo, S.

A. V. Buryak, P. Di Trapani, D. V. Skryabin, and S. Trillo, “Optical solitons due to quadratic nonlinearities: from basic physics to futuristic applications,” Phys. Rep. 370, 63–235 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Di Trapani, A. Bramati, S. Minardi, W. Chinaglia, C. Conti, S. Trillo, J. Kilius, and G. Valiulis, “Focusing versus defocusing nonlinearities due to parametric wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 183902 (2001).

Valiulis, G.

P. Di Trapani, A. Bramati, S. Minardi, W. Chinaglia, C. Conti, S. Trillo, J. Kilius, and G. Valiulis, “Focusing versus defocusing nonlinearities due to parametric wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 183902 (2001).

Villeneuve, D. M.

Wai, P. K. A.

Walmsley, I. A.

Weber, H.

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H. Weber, “Ultrashort pulse propagation, pulse breakup, and fundamental soliton formation in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electr. 23, 1938–1946 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Weinreich, G.

P. A. Franken, A. E. Hill, C. W. Peters, and G. Weinreich, “Generation of optical harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 118–119 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

Wise, F.

B. A. Malomed, D. Mihalache, F. Wise, and L. Torner, “Spatiotemporal optical solitons,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 7, R53–R72 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wise, F. W.

M. Bache, O. Bang, B. B. Zhou, J. Moses, and F. W. Wise, “Optical Cherenkov radiation in ultrafast cascaded second-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 063806 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Bache and F. W. Wise, “Type-I cascaded quadratic soliton compression in lithium niobate: Compressing femtosecond pulses from high-power fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 053815 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Bache, O. Bang, W. Krolikowski, J. Moses, and F. W. Wise, “Limits to compression with cascaded quadratic soliton compressors,” Opt. Express 16, 3273–3287 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Bache, J. Moses, and F. W. Wise, “Scaling laws for soliton pulse compression by cascaded quadratic nonlinearities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2752–2762 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Bache, O. Bang, J. Moses, and F. W. Wise, “Nonlocal explanation of stationary and nonstationary regimes in cascaded soliton pulse compression,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2490–2492 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Moses and F. W. Wise, “Controllable self-steepening of ultrashort pulses in quadratic nonlinear media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 073903 (2006). See also arXiv:physics/0604170.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Moses and F. W. Wise, “Soliton compression in quadratic media: high-energy few-cycle pulses with a frequency-doubling crystal,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1881–1883 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Liu, L. Qian, and F. W. Wise, “High-energy pulse compression by use of negative phase shifts produced by the cascaded χ(2) : χ(2) nonlinearity,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1777–1779 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. W. Wise, I. A. Walmsley, and C. L. Tang, “Simultaneous formation of solitons and dispersive waves in a femtosecond ring dye laser,” Opt. Lett. 13, 129–131 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. B. Zhou, A. Chong, F. W. Wise, and M. Bache, “Few-cycle solitons in short strongly phase-mismatched frequency conversion crystals,” submitted, arXiv:1109.4261 (2011).

Wong, G. K. L.

N. Y. Joly, J. Nold, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, G. K. L. Wong, F. Biancalana, and P. S. J. Russell, “Bright spatially coherent wavelength-tunable deep-UV laser source using an Ar-filled photonic crystal fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, B. B.

M. Bache, O. Bang, B. B. Zhou, J. Moses, and F. W. Wise, “Optical Cherenkov radiation in ultrafast cascaded second-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 063806 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. B. Zhou, A. Chong, F. W. Wise, and M. Bache, “Few-cycle solitons in short strongly phase-mismatched frequency conversion crystals,” submitted, arXiv:1109.4261 (2011).

Zysset, B.

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H. Weber, “Ultrashort pulse propagation, pulse breakup, and fundamental soliton formation in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electr. 23, 1938–1946 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, “Temperature and wavelength dependent refractive index equations for MgO-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B 91, 343–348 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electr. (1)

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H. Weber, “Ultrashort pulse propagation, pulse breakup, and fundamental soliton formation in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electr. 23, 1938–1946 (1987).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. Kodama and A. Hasegawa, “Nonlinear pulse propagation in a monomode dielectric guide,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 510–524 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. (1)

B. A. Malomed, D. Mihalache, F. Wise, and L. Torner, “Spatiotemporal optical solitons,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 7, R53–R72 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Nat. Photonics (2)

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic-crystal fibres,” Nat. Photonics 1, 653–657 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fibre technology,” Nat. Photonics 4, 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Comm. (1)

J. M. R. Thomas and J. P. E. Taran, “Pulse distortions in mismatched second harmonic generation,” Opt. Comm. 4, 329–334 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (10)

G. Chang, L.-J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Highly efficient Cherenkov radiation in photonic crystal fibers for broadband visible wavelength generation,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2361–2363 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, I. Hartl, and M. E. Fermann, “Generation of octave-spanning spectra inside reverse-proton-exchanged periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2478–2480 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Bache, O. Bang, J. Moses, and F. W. Wise, “Nonlocal explanation of stationary and nonstationary regimes in cascaded soliton pulse compression,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2490–2492 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. K. A. Wai, C. R. Menyuk, Y. C. Lee, and H. H. Chen, “Nonlinear pulse propagation in the neighborhood of the zero-dispersion wavelength of monomode optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 11, 464–466 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. W. Wise, I. A. Walmsley, and C. L. Tang, “Simultaneous formation of solitons and dispersive waves in a femtosecond ring dye laser,” Opt. Lett. 13, 129–131 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, M. E. Faldon, and J. R. Taylor, “Solitons in the region of the minimum group-velocity dispersion of single-mode optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 13, 770–772 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Moses and F. W. Wise, “Soliton compression in quadratic media: high-energy few-cycle pulses with a frequency-doubling crystal,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1881–1883 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Liu, L. Qian, and F. W. Wise, “High-energy pulse compression by use of negative phase shifts produced by the cascaded χ(2) : χ(2) nonlinearity,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1777–1779 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J.-P. Likforman, M. Mehendale, D. M. Villeneuve, M. Joffre, and P. B. Corkum, “Conversion of high-power 15-fs visible pulses to the mid infrared,” Opt. Lett. 26, 99–101 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Brida, M. Marangoni, C. Manzoni, S. D. Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Two-optical-cycle pulses in the mid-infrared from an optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 33, 2901–2903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. I. Stegeman, D. J. Hagan, and L. Torner, “χ(2) cascading phenomena and their applications to all-optical signal processing, mode-locking, pulse compression and solitons,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 1691–1740 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rep. (1)

A. V. Buryak, P. Di Trapani, D. V. Skryabin, and S. Trillo, “Optical solitons due to quadratic nonlinearities: from basic physics to futuristic applications,” Phys. Rep. 370, 63–235 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (3)

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602–2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Bache, O. Bang, B. B. Zhou, J. Moses, and F. W. Wise, “Optical Cherenkov radiation in ultrafast cascaded second-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 063806 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Bache and F. W. Wise, “Type-I cascaded quadratic soliton compression in lithium niobate: Compressing femtosecond pulses from high-power fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 053815 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

J. F. Corney and O. Bang, “Solitons in quadratic nonlinear photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. E 64, 047601 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

N. Y. Joly, J. Nold, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, G. K. L. Wong, F. Biancalana, and P. S. J. Russell, “Bright spatially coherent wavelength-tunable deep-UV laser source using an Ar-filled photonic crystal fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. B. Clausen, O. Bang, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Spatial solitons and induced Kerr effects in quasi-phase-matched quadratic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4749–4752 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Di Trapani, A. Bramati, S. Minardi, W. Chinaglia, C. Conti, S. Trillo, J. Kilius, and G. Valiulis, “Focusing versus defocusing nonlinearities due to parametric wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 183902 (2001).

J. Moses and F. W. Wise, “Controllable self-steepening of ultrashort pulses in quadratic nonlinear media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 073903 (2006). See also arXiv:physics/0604170.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, “Supercontinuum generation of higher-order solitons by fission in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 203901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. A. Franken, A. E. Hill, C. W. Peters, and G. Weinreich, “Generation of optical harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 118–119 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Pisma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. (1)

L. A. Ostrovskii, “Self-action of light in crystals,” Pisma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 5, 331 (1967) [JETP Lett. 5, 272–275 (1967)].

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

D. V. Skryabin and A. V. Gorbach, “Colloquium: Looking at a soliton through the prism of optical supercontinuum,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82, 1287–1299 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

B. B. Zhou, A. Chong, F. W. Wise, and M. Bache, “Few-cycle solitons in short strongly phase-mismatched frequency conversion crystals,” submitted, arXiv:1109.4261 (2011).

J. C. Travers, P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. Nold, A. Nazarkin, N. Joly, and P. S. Russell, “Phase-matching and gain of deep-UV dispersive-wave generation,” in CLEO/Europe and EQEC 2011 Conference Digest, (Optical Society of America, 2011), p. CJ3.1.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Cherenkov phase-matching condition vs. soliton wavelength, Eq. (2), for cascaded noncritical SHG in MgO:LN (using the Sellmeier equation at 24.5°C from Ref. [34]). Data from Ref. [14]. (b–d) Simulation of noncritical cascaded SHG in a 20 mm MgO:LN crystal using λ1 = 1.65 μm, 50 fs FWHM, Neff = 3.0, Iin = 77 GW/cm2. (b) Intensity and pulse duration after longpass filtering the FW (λ > 2.5 μm transmitted). (c) The filtered Cherenkov wave at various propagation stages (the conversion efficiency is indicated above each stage). (d) shows the FW time trace and spectrum. In the spectrum ‘A’ and ‘N’ mark anomalous and normal dispersion regimes, and the color scale is saturated for clarity. (e) XFROG spectrogram (linear scale) at z = 20 mm calculated with a 10 fs gating pulse.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectral contents at the soliton formation point and at later stages on a log-scale for (a) λ1 = 1.3 μm, (b) λ1 = 1.65 μm and (c) λ1 = 1.8 μm. Input: 50 fs FWHM and Neff = 3.0, implying (a) Iin = 215 GW/cm2, (b) Iin = 77 GW/cm2, and (c) Iin = 35 GW/cm2.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

[ i ξ + D ^ 1 ] U 1 N eff 2 U 1 | U 1 | 2 = 0 , N eff 2 = L D , 1 ω 1 c I in | n eff I | = L D , 1 ω 1 c I in ( | n casc I | n Kerr , el I ) ,
k 1 ( ω dw ) k 1 ( ω sol ) ( ω dw ω sol ) k 1 ( 1 ) ( ω sol ) = 0

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