Abstract

A single step process of integrating a resonantly tuned silver nanoparticle into photonic crystal nanobeam cavities fabricated by focused ion beam milling is presented. Even though the quality factor of the cavities is reduced by a factor of 20, the emission peak at the cavity resonance is enhanced by 5-fold with respect to the cavities without the metal nanoparticle. The fluorescence is also compared before and after etching away the nanoparticle. Experimental quality factors and wavelength shifts are found to agree reasonably well with simulation values. These results are promising for future single photon emission studies involving the incorporation of quantum dot or NV center emitters into hybrid plasmonic/photonic crystal cavities for enhanced emission rates while retaining reasonably high quality factors.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011

I. S. Maksymov, “Optical switching and logic gates with hybrid plasmonic-photonic crystal nanobeam cavities,” Phys. Lett. A 375(5), 918–921 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Khan, T. Babinec, M. W. McCutcheon, P. Deotare, and M. Loncar, “Fabrication and characterization of high-quality-factor silicon nitride nanobeam cavities,” Opt. Lett. 36(3), 421–423 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

S. M. Kim, W. Zhang, and B. T. Cunningham, “Coupling discrete metal nanoparticles to photonic crystal surface resonant modes and application to Raman spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 18(5), 4300–4309 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. G. Biris and N. C. Panoiu, “Nonlinear pulsed excitation of high-Q optical modes of plasmonic nanocavities,” Opt. Express 18(16), 17165–17179 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. K. Kim, S. H. Lee, M. Choi, B. H. Ahn, N. Park, Y. H. Lee, and B. Min, “Low-loss surface-plasmonic nanobeam cavities,” Opt. Express 18(11), 11089–11096 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Barth, S. Schietinger, S. Fischer, J. Becker, N. Nüsse, T. Aichele, B. Löchel, C. Sönnichsen, and O. Benson, “Nanoassembled plasmonic-photonic hybrid cavity for tailored light-matter coupling,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 193–204 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

A. L. Falk, F. H. L. Koppens, C. L. Yu, K. Kang, N. de Leon Snapp, A. V. Akimov, M. Jo, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Near-field electrical detection of optical plasmons and single-plasmon sources,” Nat. Phys. 5(7), 475–479 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Min, E. Ostby, V. Sorger, E. Ulin-Avila, L. Yang, X. Zhang, and K. Vahala, “High-Q surface-plasmon-polariton whispering-gallery microcavity,” Nature 457(7228), 455–458 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. E. Barclay, K. M. Fu, C. Santori, and R. G. Beausoleil, “Hybrid photonic crystal cavity and waveguide for coupling to diamond NV-centers,” Opt. Express 17(12), 9588–9601 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. E. Barclay, C. Santori, K. M. Fu, R. G. Beausoleil, and O. Painter, “Coherent interference effects in a nano-assembled diamond NV center cavity-QED system,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8081–8097 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

M. E. Grass, Y. Yue, S. E. Habas, R. M. Rioux, C. I. Teall, P. Yang, and G. A. Somorjai, “Silver ion mediated shape control of platinum nanoparticles: removal of silver by selective etching leads to increased catalytic activity,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(13), 4797–4804 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Barth, N. Nusse, J. Stingl, B. Lochel, and O. Benson, “Emission properties of high Q silicon nitride photonic crystal heterostructure cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(2), 021112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. W. McCutcheon and M. Loncar, “Design of a silicon nitride photonic crystal nanocavity with a Quality factor of one million for coupling to a diamond nanocrystal,” Opt. Express 16(23), 19136–19145 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. De Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2321–2327 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

2006

S. A. Maier, “Effective mode volume of nanoscale plasmon cavities,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 38(1-3), 257–267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Maier, “Plasmonics: metal nanostructures for subwavelength photonic devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(6), 1214–1220 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Ozbay, “Plasmonics: merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions,” Science 311(5758), 189–193 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

S. A. Maier and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonics: Localization and guiding of electromagnetic energy in metal/dielectric structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(1), 011101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Badolato, K. Hennessy, M. Atatüre, J. Dreiser, E. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and A. Imamoglu, “Deterministic coupling of single quantum dots to single nanocavity modes,” Science 308(5725), 1158–1161 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vucković, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

P. Lodahl, F. van Driel, I. S. Nikolaev, A. Irman, K. Overgaag, D. Vanmaekelbergh, and W. L. Vos, “Controlling the dynamics of spontaneous emission from quantum dots by photonic crystals,” Nature 430(7000), 654–657 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

H. Ryu, M. Notomi, and Y. Lee, “High-quality-factor and small-mode-volume hexapole modes in photonic-crystal-slab nanocavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(21), 4294 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. E. Barclay, K. Srinivasan, and O. Painter, “Design of photonic crystal waveguides for evanescent coupling to optical fiber tapers and integration with high-Q cavities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 20(11), 2274–2284 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001

R. Jin, Y. Cao, C. A. Mirkin, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and J. G. Zheng, “Photoinduced conversion of silver nanospheres to nanoprisms,” Science 294(5548), 1901–1903 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993

L. L. Martínez, M. Segarra, M. Fernandez, and F. Espiell, “Kineteics of the dissolution of pure silver and silver-gold alloys in nitric acid solutions,” Metal. Trans. B 24(5), 827–837 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1966

Aers, G.

Ahn, B. H.

Aichele, T.

M. Barth, S. Schietinger, S. Fischer, J. Becker, N. Nüsse, T. Aichele, B. Löchel, C. Sönnichsen, and O. Benson, “Nanoassembled plasmonic-photonic hybrid cavity for tailored light-matter coupling,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akimov, A. V.

A. L. Falk, F. H. L. Koppens, C. L. Yu, K. Kang, N. de Leon Snapp, A. V. Akimov, M. Jo, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Near-field electrical detection of optical plasmons and single-plasmon sources,” Nat. Phys. 5(7), 475–479 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Andreani, L. C.

F. De Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2321–2327 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arakawa, Y.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vucković, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Atatüre, M.

A. Badolato, K. Hennessy, M. Atatüre, J. Dreiser, E. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and A. Imamoglu, “Deterministic coupling of single quantum dots to single nanocavity modes,” Science 308(5725), 1158–1161 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Atwater, H. A.

S. A. Maier and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonics: Localization and guiding of electromagnetic energy in metal/dielectric structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(1), 011101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Babinec, T.

Badolato, A.

A. Badolato, K. Hennessy, M. Atatüre, J. Dreiser, E. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and A. Imamoglu, “Deterministic coupling of single quantum dots to single nanocavity modes,” Science 308(5725), 1158–1161 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barclay, P. E.

Barnard, E. S.

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 193–204 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barth, M.

M. Barth, S. Schietinger, S. Fischer, J. Becker, N. Nüsse, T. Aichele, B. Löchel, C. Sönnichsen, and O. Benson, “Nanoassembled plasmonic-photonic hybrid cavity for tailored light-matter coupling,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Barth, N. Nusse, J. Stingl, B. Lochel, and O. Benson, “Emission properties of high Q silicon nitride photonic crystal heterostructure cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(2), 021112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Barth, J. Kouba, J. Stingl, B. Löchel, and O. Benson, “Modification of visible spontaneous emission with silicon nitride photonic crystal nanocavities,” Opt. Express 15(25), 17231–17240 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beausoleil, R. G.

Becker, J.

M. Barth, S. Schietinger, S. Fischer, J. Becker, N. Nüsse, T. Aichele, B. Löchel, C. Sönnichsen, and O. Benson, “Nanoassembled plasmonic-photonic hybrid cavity for tailored light-matter coupling,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benson, O.

M. Barth, S. Schietinger, S. Fischer, J. Becker, N. Nüsse, T. Aichele, B. Löchel, C. Sönnichsen, and O. Benson, “Nanoassembled plasmonic-photonic hybrid cavity for tailored light-matter coupling,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Barth, N. Nusse, J. Stingl, B. Lochel, and O. Benson, “Emission properties of high Q silicon nitride photonic crystal heterostructure cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(2), 021112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Barth, J. Kouba, J. Stingl, B. Löchel, and O. Benson, “Modification of visible spontaneous emission with silicon nitride photonic crystal nanocavities,” Opt. Express 15(25), 17231–17240 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Biris, C. G.

Brongersma, M. L.

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 193–204 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Businaro, L.

F. De Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2321–2327 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cai, W.

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 193–204 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cao, Y.

R. Jin, Y. Cao, C. A. Mirkin, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and J. G. Zheng, “Photoinduced conversion of silver nanospheres to nanoprisms,” Science 294(5548), 1901–1903 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Choi, M.

Cunningham, B. T.

Dalacu, D.

Das, G.

F. De Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2321–2327 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Angelis, F.

F. De Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2321–2327 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Leon Snapp, N.

A. L. Falk, F. H. L. Koppens, C. L. Yu, K. Kang, N. de Leon Snapp, A. V. Akimov, M. Jo, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Near-field electrical detection of optical plasmons and single-plasmon sources,” Nat. Phys. 5(7), 475–479 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Deotare, P.

Di Fabrizio, E.

F. De Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2321–2327 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dreiser, J.

A. Badolato, K. Hennessy, M. Atatüre, J. Dreiser, E. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and A. Imamoglu, “Deterministic coupling of single quantum dots to single nanocavity modes,” Science 308(5725), 1158–1161 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eggleton, B. J.

Englund, D.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vucković, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Espiell, F.

L. L. Martínez, M. Segarra, M. Fernandez, and F. Espiell, “Kineteics of the dissolution of pure silver and silver-gold alloys in nitric acid solutions,” Metal. Trans. B 24(5), 827–837 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Falk, A. L.

A. L. Falk, F. H. L. Koppens, C. L. Yu, K. Kang, N. de Leon Snapp, A. V. Akimov, M. Jo, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Near-field electrical detection of optical plasmons and single-plasmon sources,” Nat. Phys. 5(7), 475–479 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fattal, D.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vucković, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fernandez, M.

L. L. Martínez, M. Segarra, M. Fernandez, and F. Espiell, “Kineteics of the dissolution of pure silver and silver-gold alloys in nitric acid solutions,” Metal. Trans. B 24(5), 827–837 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, S.

M. Barth, S. Schietinger, S. Fischer, J. Becker, N. Nüsse, T. Aichele, B. Löchel, C. Sönnichsen, and O. Benson, “Nanoassembled plasmonic-photonic hybrid cavity for tailored light-matter coupling,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Frédérick, S.

Fu, K. M.

Galli, M.

F. De Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2321–2327 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grass, M. E.

M. E. Grass, Y. Yue, S. E. Habas, R. M. Rioux, C. I. Teall, P. Yang, and G. A. Somorjai, “Silver ion mediated shape control of platinum nanoparticles: removal of silver by selective etching leads to increased catalytic activity,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(13), 4797–4804 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Grillet, C.

Habas, S. E.

M. E. Grass, Y. Yue, S. E. Habas, R. M. Rioux, C. I. Teall, P. Yang, and G. A. Somorjai, “Silver ion mediated shape control of platinum nanoparticles: removal of silver by selective etching leads to increased catalytic activity,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(13), 4797–4804 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hennessy, K.

A. Badolato, K. Hennessy, M. Atatüre, J. Dreiser, E. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and A. Imamoglu, “Deterministic coupling of single quantum dots to single nanocavity modes,” Science 308(5725), 1158–1161 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hernandez, G.

Hu, E.

A. Badolato, K. Hennessy, M. Atatüre, J. Dreiser, E. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and A. Imamoglu, “Deterministic coupling of single quantum dots to single nanocavity modes,” Science 308(5725), 1158–1161 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Imamoglu, A.

A. Badolato, K. Hennessy, M. Atatüre, J. Dreiser, E. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and A. Imamoglu, “Deterministic coupling of single quantum dots to single nanocavity modes,” Science 308(5725), 1158–1161 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Irman, A.

P. Lodahl, F. van Driel, I. S. Nikolaev, A. Irman, K. Overgaag, D. Vanmaekelbergh, and W. L. Vos, “Controlling the dynamics of spontaneous emission from quantum dots by photonic crystals,” Nature 430(7000), 654–657 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jin, R.

R. Jin, Y. Cao, C. A. Mirkin, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and J. G. Zheng, “Photoinduced conversion of silver nanospheres to nanoprisms,” Science 294(5548), 1901–1903 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jo, M.

A. L. Falk, F. H. L. Koppens, C. L. Yu, K. Kang, N. de Leon Snapp, A. V. Akimov, M. Jo, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Near-field electrical detection of optical plasmons and single-plasmon sources,” Nat. Phys. 5(7), 475–479 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jun, Y. C.

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 193–204 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kang, K.

A. L. Falk, F. H. L. Koppens, C. L. Yu, K. Kang, N. de Leon Snapp, A. V. Akimov, M. Jo, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Near-field electrical detection of optical plasmons and single-plasmon sources,” Nat. Phys. 5(7), 475–479 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, K. L.

R. Jin, Y. Cao, C. A. Mirkin, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and J. G. Zheng, “Photoinduced conversion of silver nanospheres to nanoprisms,” Science 294(5548), 1901–1903 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khan, M.

Kim, M. K.

Kim, S. M.

Kondo, S.

T. Tanabe, A. Shinya, E. Kuramochi, S. Kondo, H. Taniyama, and M. Notomi, “Single point defect photonic crystal nanocavity with ultra high quality factor achieved by using hexapole mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(2), 021110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Koppens, F. H. L.

A. L. Falk, F. H. L. Koppens, C. L. Yu, K. Kang, N. de Leon Snapp, A. V. Akimov, M. Jo, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Near-field electrical detection of optical plasmons and single-plasmon sources,” Nat. Phys. 5(7), 475–479 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kouba, J.

Kuramochi, E.

T. Tanabe, A. Shinya, E. Kuramochi, S. Kondo, H. Taniyama, and M. Notomi, “Single point defect photonic crystal nanocavity with ultra high quality factor achieved by using hexapole mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(2), 021110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lapointe, J.

Lee, S. H.

Lee, Y.

H. Ryu, M. Notomi, and Y. Lee, “High-quality-factor and small-mode-volume hexapole modes in photonic-crystal-slab nanocavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(21), 4294 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. H.

Lochel, B.

M. Barth, N. Nusse, J. Stingl, B. Lochel, and O. Benson, “Emission properties of high Q silicon nitride photonic crystal heterostructure cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(2), 021112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Löchel, B.

M. Barth, S. Schietinger, S. Fischer, J. Becker, N. Nüsse, T. Aichele, B. Löchel, C. Sönnichsen, and O. Benson, “Nanoassembled plasmonic-photonic hybrid cavity for tailored light-matter coupling,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Barth, J. Kouba, J. Stingl, B. Löchel, and O. Benson, “Modification of visible spontaneous emission with silicon nitride photonic crystal nanocavities,” Opt. Express 15(25), 17231–17240 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lodahl, P.

P. Lodahl, F. van Driel, I. S. Nikolaev, A. Irman, K. Overgaag, D. Vanmaekelbergh, and W. L. Vos, “Controlling the dynamics of spontaneous emission from quantum dots by photonic crystals,” Nature 430(7000), 654–657 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Loncar, M.

Lukin, M. D.

A. L. Falk, F. H. L. Koppens, C. L. Yu, K. Kang, N. de Leon Snapp, A. V. Akimov, M. Jo, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Near-field electrical detection of optical plasmons and single-plasmon sources,” Nat. Phys. 5(7), 475–479 (2009).
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Maier, S. A.

S. A. Maier, “Effective mode volume of nanoscale plasmon cavities,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 38(1-3), 257–267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Maier, “Plasmonics: metal nanostructures for subwavelength photonic devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(6), 1214–1220 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Maier and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonics: Localization and guiding of electromagnetic energy in metal/dielectric structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(1), 011101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Maksymov, I.

F. De Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2321–2327 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maksymov, I. S.

I. S. Maksymov, “Optical switching and logic gates with hybrid plasmonic-photonic crystal nanobeam cavities,” Phys. Lett. A 375(5), 918–921 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Martínez, L. L.

L. L. Martínez, M. Segarra, M. Fernandez, and F. Espiell, “Kineteics of the dissolution of pure silver and silver-gold alloys in nitric acid solutions,” Metal. Trans. B 24(5), 827–837 (1993).
[CrossRef]

McCutcheon, M. W.

Min, B.

M. K. Kim, S. H. Lee, M. Choi, B. H. Ahn, N. Park, Y. H. Lee, and B. Min, “Low-loss surface-plasmonic nanobeam cavities,” Opt. Express 18(11), 11089–11096 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Min, E. Ostby, V. Sorger, E. Ulin-Avila, L. Yang, X. Zhang, and K. Vahala, “High-Q surface-plasmon-polariton whispering-gallery microcavity,” Nature 457(7228), 455–458 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mirkin, C. A.

R. Jin, Y. Cao, C. A. Mirkin, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and J. G. Zheng, “Photoinduced conversion of silver nanospheres to nanoprisms,” Science 294(5548), 1901–1903 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Monat, C.

Moss, D. J.

Nakaoka, T.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vucković, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nikolaev, I. S.

P. Lodahl, F. van Driel, I. S. Nikolaev, A. Irman, K. Overgaag, D. Vanmaekelbergh, and W. L. Vos, “Controlling the dynamics of spontaneous emission from quantum dots by photonic crystals,” Nature 430(7000), 654–657 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Notomi, M.

T. Tanabe, A. Shinya, E. Kuramochi, S. Kondo, H. Taniyama, and M. Notomi, “Single point defect photonic crystal nanocavity with ultra high quality factor achieved by using hexapole mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(2), 021110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Ryu, M. Notomi, and Y. Lee, “High-quality-factor and small-mode-volume hexapole modes in photonic-crystal-slab nanocavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(21), 4294 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nusse, N.

M. Barth, N. Nusse, J. Stingl, B. Lochel, and O. Benson, “Emission properties of high Q silicon nitride photonic crystal heterostructure cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(2), 021112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nüsse, N.

M. Barth, S. Schietinger, S. Fischer, J. Becker, N. Nüsse, T. Aichele, B. Löchel, C. Sönnichsen, and O. Benson, “Nanoassembled plasmonic-photonic hybrid cavity for tailored light-matter coupling,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ostby, E.

B. Min, E. Ostby, V. Sorger, E. Ulin-Avila, L. Yang, X. Zhang, and K. Vahala, “High-Q surface-plasmon-polariton whispering-gallery microcavity,” Nature 457(7228), 455–458 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Overgaag, K.

P. Lodahl, F. van Driel, I. S. Nikolaev, A. Irman, K. Overgaag, D. Vanmaekelbergh, and W. L. Vos, “Controlling the dynamics of spontaneous emission from quantum dots by photonic crystals,” Nature 430(7000), 654–657 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ozbay, E.

E. Ozbay, “Plasmonics: merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions,” Science 311(5758), 189–193 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Painter, O.

P. E. Barclay, C. Santori, K. M. Fu, R. G. Beausoleil, and O. Painter, “Coherent interference effects in a nano-assembled diamond NV center cavity-QED system,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8081–8097 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. E. Barclay, K. Srinivasan, and O. Painter, “Design of photonic crystal waveguides for evanescent coupling to optical fiber tapers and integration with high-Q cavities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 20(11), 2274–2284 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Panoiu, N. C.

Park, H.

A. L. Falk, F. H. L. Koppens, C. L. Yu, K. Kang, N. de Leon Snapp, A. V. Akimov, M. Jo, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Near-field electrical detection of optical plasmons and single-plasmon sources,” Nat. Phys. 5(7), 475–479 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Park, N.

Patrini, M.

F. De Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2321–2327 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Petroff, P. M.

A. Badolato, K. Hennessy, M. Atatüre, J. Dreiser, E. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and A. Imamoglu, “Deterministic coupling of single quantum dots to single nanocavity modes,” Science 308(5725), 1158–1161 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poole, P. J.

Rioux, R. M.

M. E. Grass, Y. Yue, S. E. Habas, R. M. Rioux, C. I. Teall, P. Yang, and G. A. Somorjai, “Silver ion mediated shape control of platinum nanoparticles: removal of silver by selective etching leads to increased catalytic activity,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(13), 4797–4804 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ryu, H.

H. Ryu, M. Notomi, and Y. Lee, “High-quality-factor and small-mode-volume hexapole modes in photonic-crystal-slab nanocavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(21), 4294 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Santori, C.

Schatz, G. C.

R. Jin, Y. Cao, C. A. Mirkin, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and J. G. Zheng, “Photoinduced conversion of silver nanospheres to nanoprisms,” Science 294(5548), 1901–1903 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schietinger, S.

M. Barth, S. Schietinger, S. Fischer, J. Becker, N. Nüsse, T. Aichele, B. Löchel, C. Sönnichsen, and O. Benson, “Nanoassembled plasmonic-photonic hybrid cavity for tailored light-matter coupling,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schuller, J. A.

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 193–204 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Segarra, M.

L. L. Martínez, M. Segarra, M. Fernandez, and F. Espiell, “Kineteics of the dissolution of pure silver and silver-gold alloys in nitric acid solutions,” Metal. Trans. B 24(5), 827–837 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Shinya, A.

T. Tanabe, A. Shinya, E. Kuramochi, S. Kondo, H. Taniyama, and M. Notomi, “Single point defect photonic crystal nanocavity with ultra high quality factor achieved by using hexapole mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(2), 021110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Smith, C. L.

Solomon, G.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vucković, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Somorjai, G. A.

M. E. Grass, Y. Yue, S. E. Habas, R. M. Rioux, C. I. Teall, P. Yang, and G. A. Somorjai, “Silver ion mediated shape control of platinum nanoparticles: removal of silver by selective etching leads to increased catalytic activity,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(13), 4797–4804 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sönnichsen, C.

M. Barth, S. Schietinger, S. Fischer, J. Becker, N. Nüsse, T. Aichele, B. Löchel, C. Sönnichsen, and O. Benson, “Nanoassembled plasmonic-photonic hybrid cavity for tailored light-matter coupling,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sorger, V.

B. Min, E. Ostby, V. Sorger, E. Ulin-Avila, L. Yang, X. Zhang, and K. Vahala, “High-Q surface-plasmon-polariton whispering-gallery microcavity,” Nature 457(7228), 455–458 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Srinivasan, K.

P. E. Barclay, K. Srinivasan, and O. Painter, “Design of photonic crystal waveguides for evanescent coupling to optical fiber tapers and integration with high-Q cavities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 20(11), 2274–2284 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Stingl, J.

M. Barth, N. Nusse, J. Stingl, B. Lochel, and O. Benson, “Emission properties of high Q silicon nitride photonic crystal heterostructure cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(2), 021112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Barth, J. Kouba, J. Stingl, B. Löchel, and O. Benson, “Modification of visible spontaneous emission with silicon nitride photonic crystal nanocavities,” Opt. Express 15(25), 17231–17240 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tanabe, T.

T. Tanabe, A. Shinya, E. Kuramochi, S. Kondo, H. Taniyama, and M. Notomi, “Single point defect photonic crystal nanocavity with ultra high quality factor achieved by using hexapole mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(2), 021110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Taniyama, H.

T. Tanabe, A. Shinya, E. Kuramochi, S. Kondo, H. Taniyama, and M. Notomi, “Single point defect photonic crystal nanocavity with ultra high quality factor achieved by using hexapole mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(2), 021110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Teall, C. I.

M. E. Grass, Y. Yue, S. E. Habas, R. M. Rioux, C. I. Teall, P. Yang, and G. A. Somorjai, “Silver ion mediated shape control of platinum nanoparticles: removal of silver by selective etching leads to increased catalytic activity,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(13), 4797–4804 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ulin-Avila, E.

B. Min, E. Ostby, V. Sorger, E. Ulin-Avila, L. Yang, X. Zhang, and K. Vahala, “High-Q surface-plasmon-polariton whispering-gallery microcavity,” Nature 457(7228), 455–458 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vahala, K.

B. Min, E. Ostby, V. Sorger, E. Ulin-Avila, L. Yang, X. Zhang, and K. Vahala, “High-Q surface-plasmon-polariton whispering-gallery microcavity,” Nature 457(7228), 455–458 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Driel, F.

P. Lodahl, F. van Driel, I. S. Nikolaev, A. Irman, K. Overgaag, D. Vanmaekelbergh, and W. L. Vos, “Controlling the dynamics of spontaneous emission from quantum dots by photonic crystals,” Nature 430(7000), 654–657 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vanmaekelbergh, D.

P. Lodahl, F. van Driel, I. S. Nikolaev, A. Irman, K. Overgaag, D. Vanmaekelbergh, and W. L. Vos, “Controlling the dynamics of spontaneous emission from quantum dots by photonic crystals,” Nature 430(7000), 654–657 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vos, W. L.

P. Lodahl, F. van Driel, I. S. Nikolaev, A. Irman, K. Overgaag, D. Vanmaekelbergh, and W. L. Vos, “Controlling the dynamics of spontaneous emission from quantum dots by photonic crystals,” Nature 430(7000), 654–657 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vuckovic, J.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vucković, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Waks, E.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vucković, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

White, J. S.

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 193–204 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Williams, R. L.

Yamamoto, Y.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vucković, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, L.

B. Min, E. Ostby, V. Sorger, E. Ulin-Avila, L. Yang, X. Zhang, and K. Vahala, “High-Q surface-plasmon-polariton whispering-gallery microcavity,” Nature 457(7228), 455–458 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, P.

M. E. Grass, Y. Yue, S. E. Habas, R. M. Rioux, C. I. Teall, P. Yang, and G. A. Somorjai, “Silver ion mediated shape control of platinum nanoparticles: removal of silver by selective etching leads to increased catalytic activity,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(13), 4797–4804 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yu, C. L.

A. L. Falk, F. H. L. Koppens, C. L. Yu, K. Kang, N. de Leon Snapp, A. V. Akimov, M. Jo, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Near-field electrical detection of optical plasmons and single-plasmon sources,” Nat. Phys. 5(7), 475–479 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yue, Y.

M. E. Grass, Y. Yue, S. E. Habas, R. M. Rioux, C. I. Teall, P. Yang, and G. A. Somorjai, “Silver ion mediated shape control of platinum nanoparticles: removal of silver by selective etching leads to increased catalytic activity,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(13), 4797–4804 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vucković, “Controlling the spontaneous emission rate of single quantum dots in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, W.

Zhang, X.

B. Min, E. Ostby, V. Sorger, E. Ulin-Avila, L. Yang, X. Zhang, and K. Vahala, “High-Q surface-plasmon-polariton whispering-gallery microcavity,” Nature 457(7228), 455–458 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zheng, J. G.

R. Jin, Y. Cao, C. A. Mirkin, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and J. G. Zheng, “Photoinduced conversion of silver nanospheres to nanoprisms,” Science 294(5548), 1901–1903 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

T. Tanabe, A. Shinya, E. Kuramochi, S. Kondo, H. Taniyama, and M. Notomi, “Single point defect photonic crystal nanocavity with ultra high quality factor achieved by using hexapole mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(2), 021110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Barth, N. Nusse, J. Stingl, B. Lochel, and O. Benson, “Emission properties of high Q silicon nitride photonic crystal heterostructure cavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(2), 021112 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Ryu, M. Notomi, and Y. Lee, “High-quality-factor and small-mode-volume hexapole modes in photonic-crystal-slab nanocavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(21), 4294 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

S. A. Maier, “Plasmonics: metal nanostructures for subwavelength photonic devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(6), 1214–1220 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

S. A. Maier and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonics: Localization and guiding of electromagnetic energy in metal/dielectric structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(1), 011101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

P. E. Barclay, K. Srinivasan, and O. Painter, “Design of photonic crystal waveguides for evanescent coupling to optical fiber tapers and integration with high-Q cavities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 20(11), 2274–2284 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. C

M. E. Grass, Y. Yue, S. E. Habas, R. M. Rioux, C. I. Teall, P. Yang, and G. A. Somorjai, “Silver ion mediated shape control of platinum nanoparticles: removal of silver by selective etching leads to increased catalytic activity,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112(13), 4797–4804 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Metal. Trans. B

L. L. Martínez, M. Segarra, M. Fernandez, and F. Espiell, “Kineteics of the dissolution of pure silver and silver-gold alloys in nitric acid solutions,” Metal. Trans. B 24(5), 827–837 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett.

F. De Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2321–2327 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Barth, S. Schietinger, S. Fischer, J. Becker, N. Nüsse, T. Aichele, B. Löchel, C. Sönnichsen, and O. Benson, “Nanoassembled plasmonic-photonic hybrid cavity for tailored light-matter coupling,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater.

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 193–204 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Phys.

A. L. Falk, F. H. L. Koppens, C. L. Yu, K. Kang, N. de Leon Snapp, A. V. Akimov, M. Jo, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Near-field electrical detection of optical plasmons and single-plasmon sources,” Nat. Phys. 5(7), 475–479 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nature

P. Lodahl, F. van Driel, I. S. Nikolaev, A. Irman, K. Overgaag, D. Vanmaekelbergh, and W. L. Vos, “Controlling the dynamics of spontaneous emission from quantum dots by photonic crystals,” Nature 430(7000), 654–657 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Min, E. Ostby, V. Sorger, E. Ulin-Avila, L. Yang, X. Zhang, and K. Vahala, “High-Q surface-plasmon-polariton whispering-gallery microcavity,” Nature 457(7228), 455–458 (2009).
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Opt. Express

C. G. Biris and N. C. Panoiu, “Nonlinear pulsed excitation of high-Q optical modes of plasmonic nanocavities,” Opt. Express 18(16), 17165–17179 (2010).
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M. K. Kim, S. H. Lee, M. Choi, B. H. Ahn, N. Park, Y. H. Lee, and B. Min, “Low-loss surface-plasmonic nanobeam cavities,” Opt. Express 18(11), 11089–11096 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. E. Barclay, K. M. Fu, C. Santori, and R. G. Beausoleil, “Hybrid photonic crystal cavity and waveguide for coupling to diamond NV-centers,” Opt. Express 17(12), 9588–9601 (2009).
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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic showing the arrangement of the hole radii and periodicities for a four-hole taper beam photonic cavity with the desired location of the metal nanoparticle.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Electric field distribution 5 nm above the nanobeam without the Ag nanoparticle at 602.24 nm (logscale). (b) Electric field distribution inside the cavity with the nanoparticle at 611.14 nm (logscale).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Silver particle after 24 hours of irradiation showed on Si3N4 (b) silver prism after 72 hours of irradiation showed on gold (c) Extinction spectrum of aqueous suspension of silver nanoparticles synthesized in our lab, showing a peak at 610 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

SEM image of a FIB fabricated photonic crystal nanobeam cavity on Si3N4. (Inset) Photonic crystal nanobeam cavity showing an ellipsoid nanoparticle at the center.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Schematic showing the fluorescence microscopy setup and the actual laser spot focused at the center of one of the characterized nanobeams.(Inset) Schematic of the laser spot focused off-center on the nanobeam.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a)Fluorescence emission spectrum and (b) Lorentzian fit on cavities without nanoparticle (blue). (c) Fluorescence emission spectrum and (d) Lorentzian fit on cavities with nanoparticle (red). Data points are shown in black. (e) Linewidth and wavelength of the fabricated cavities without (blue) and with (red) the nanoparticle. (f) Net intensity counts (peak count-average background count) achieved from the cavities at various resonance wavelengths.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Measurements taken from the same cavity before (red) and after (blue) the removal of the nanoparticle. (Inset) Zoom in on the blue curve showing the decreased intensity counts and linewidth compared to the red.

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