Abstract

We report on the possibility of realizing adiabatic surface plasmon polaritons compression on metallic conical tips built-in on AFM cantilevers by means of different approaches. The problem is faced considering the role of the source, when linear and radial polarizations are assumed, associated to different fabrication schemes. Nano-patterned devices properly combined with metallic conical tips can affect the adiabatic characteristic of the surface electric field. The results are analyzed in terms of tradeoff between fabrication difficulties and device performances. Suggestions on the best possible scheme are provided.

© 2011 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. Cabrini, A. Carpentiero, R. Kumar, L. Businaro, P. Candeloro, M. Prasciolu, A. Gosparini, C. Andreani, M. De Vittorio, T. Stomeo, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Focused ion beam lithography for two dimensional array structures for photonic applications,” Microelectron. Eng. 78–79, 11–15 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. W. Wood, “On a remarkable case of uneven distribution of light in a diffraction grating spectrum,” Philos. Mag. 4, 396 (1902).
  3. U. Fano, “Atomic theory of electromagnetic interactions in dense materials,” Phys. Rev. 103(5), 1202–1218 (1956).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Otto, “Excitation of nonradiative surface plasma waves in silver by the method of frustrated total reflection,” Z. Phys. 216(4), 398–410 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  5. E. Kretschmann and H. Raether, “Radiative decay of non-radiative surface plasmons excited by light,” Z. Naturf. 23A, 2135–2136 (1968).
  6. F. De Angelis, C. Liberale, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Emerging fabrication techniques for 3D nano-structuring in plasmonics and single molecule studies,” Nanoscale 3(7), 2689–2696 (2011), doi:.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. I. Stockman, “Nanofocusing of optical energy in tapered plasmonic waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(13), 137404 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. F. De Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2321–2327 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Y. Saito and P. Verma, “Imaging and spectroscopy through plasmonic nano-probe,” Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. 46(2), 20101 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. F. De Angelis, G. Das, P. Candeloro, M. Patrini, M. Galli, A. Bek, M. Lazzarino, I. Maksymov, C. Liberale, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nanoscale chemical mapping using three-dimensional adiabatic compression of surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(1), 67–72 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. N. C. Lindquist, P. Nagpal, A. Lesuffleur, D. J. Norris, and S. H. Oh, “Three-dimensional plasmonic nanofocusing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1369–1373 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. C. C. Neacsu, S. Berweger, R. L. Olmon, L. V. Saraf, C. Ropers, and M. B. Raschke, “Near-field localization in plasmonic superfocusing: a nanoemitter on a tip,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 592–596 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. A. J. Babadjanyan, N. L. Margaryan, and Kh. V. Nerkararyan, “Superfocusing of surface polaritons in the conical structure,” J. Appl. Phys. 87(8), 3785 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  15. F. De Angelis, F. Gentile, F. Mecarini, G. Das, M. Moretti, P. Candeloro, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, A. Accardo, C. Liberale, R. Proietti Zaccaria, G. Perozziello, L. Tirinato, A. Toma, G. Cuda, R. Cingolani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Breaking the diffusion limit with super hydrophobic delivery of few molecules to plasmonic nanofocusing structures,” Nat. Photonics (accepted for publication).
  16. M. Agio, X.-W. Chen, and V. Sandoghdar, “Nanofocusing radially-polarized beams for high-throughput funneling of optical energy to the near field,” Opt. Express 18(10), 10878–10887 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. C. S. T. Microwave Studio, 2010, www.cst.com .
  18. Lumerical Solutions, www.lumerical.com .
  19. A. D. Rakic, A. B. Djurišic, J. M. Elazar, and M. L. Majewski, “Optical properties of metallic films for vertical-cavity optoelectronic devices,” Appl. Opt. 37(22), 5271–5283 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. A. B. Djurišic and E. H. Li, “Modeling the index of refraction of insulating solids with a modified Lorentz oscillator model,” Appl. Opt. 37(22), 5291–5297 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. Y. Fu, Y. Liu, X. Zhou, Z. Xu, and F. Fang, “Experimental investigation of superfocusing of plasmonic lens with chirped circular nanoslits,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3438–3443 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. S. Noda, A. Chutinan, and M. Imada, “Trapping and emission of photons by a single defect in a photonic bandgap structure,” Nature 407(6804), 608–610 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. A. J. Turberfield, M. Campbell, D. N. Sharp, M. T. Harrison, and R. G. Denning, “Fabrication of photonic crystals for the visible spectrum by holographic lithography,” Nature 404(6773), 53–56 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. R. Proietti Zaccaria, S. Shoji, H. B. Sun, and S. Kawata, “Multi-shot interference approach for any kind of Bravais lattice,” Appl. Phys. B 93(1), 251–256 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  25. R. Proietti Zaccaria, P. Verma, S. Kawaguchi, S. Shoji, and S. Kawata, “Manipulating full photonic band gaps in two dimensional birefringent photonic crystals,” Opt. Express 16(19), 14812–14820 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. A. M. Malvezzi, G. Vecchi, M. Patrini, G. Guizzetti, L. C. Andreani, F. Romanato, L. Businaro, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Passaseo, and M. K. De Vittorio, “Resonant second-harmonic generation in a GaAs photonic crystal waveguide,” Phys. Rev. B 68(16), 161306 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  27. A. M. Malvezzi, F. Cattaneo, G. Vecchi, M. Falasconi, G. Guizzetti, L. C. Andreani, F. Romanato, L. Businaro, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Passaseo, and M. De Vittorio, “Second-harmonic generation in reflection and diffraction by a GaAs photonic-crystal waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(9), 2122 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  28. J. Bravo-Abad, A. Rodriguez, P. Bermel, S. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljacic, “Enhanced nonlinear optics in photonic-crystal microcavities,” Opt. Express 15(24), 16161–16176 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. G. Das, F. Mecarini, F. Gentile, F. De Angelis, H. Mohan Kumar, P. Candeloro, C. Liberale, G. Cuda, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nano-patterned SERS substrate: application for protein analysis vs. temperature,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 24(6), 1693–1699 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. M. Galli, M. Agio, L. C. Andreani, L. Atzeni, D. Bajoni, G. Guizzetti, L. Businaro, E. Di Fabrizio, F. Romanato, and A. Passaseo, “Optical properties and photonic bands of GaAs photonic crystal waveguides with tilted square lattice,” Eur. Phys. J. B 27(1), 79–87 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  31. M. Barth, S. Schietinger, S. Fischer, J. Becker, N. Nüsse, T. Aichele, B. Löchel, C. Sönnichsen, and O. Benson, “Nanoassembled plasmonic-photonic hybrid cavity for tailored light-matter coupling,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 891–895 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. H. Zhao, R. Proietti Zaccaria, P. Verma, J. Song, and H. Sun, “Single-mode operation regime for 12-fold index-guiding quasicrystal optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 100(3), 499–503 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  33. J. F. Song and R. Proietti Zaccaria, “Manipulation of light transmission through sub-wavelength hole array,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 9(9), S450–S457 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  34. S. Adachi, “Model dielectric constants of Si and Ge,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 38(18), 12966–12976 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

F. De Angelis, C. Liberale, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Emerging fabrication techniques for 3D nano-structuring in plasmonics and single molecule studies,” Nanoscale 3(7), 2689–2696 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (7)

F. De Angelis, G. Das, P. Candeloro, M. Patrini, M. Galli, A. Bek, M. Lazzarino, I. Maksymov, C. Liberale, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nanoscale chemical mapping using three-dimensional adiabatic compression of surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(1), 67–72 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. C. Lindquist, P. Nagpal, A. Lesuffleur, D. J. Norris, and S. H. Oh, “Three-dimensional plasmonic nanofocusing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1369–1373 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. C. Neacsu, S. Berweger, R. L. Olmon, L. V. Saraf, C. Ropers, and M. B. Raschke, “Near-field localization in plasmonic superfocusing: a nanoemitter on a tip,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 592–596 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Barth, S. Schietinger, S. Fischer, J. Becker, N. Nüsse, T. Aichele, B. Löchel, C. Sönnichsen, and O. Benson, “Nanoassembled plasmonic-photonic hybrid cavity for tailored light-matter coupling,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Zhao, R. Proietti Zaccaria, P. Verma, J. Song, and H. Sun, “Single-mode operation regime for 12-fold index-guiding quasicrystal optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 100(3), 499–503 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fu, Y. Liu, X. Zhou, Z. Xu, and F. Fang, “Experimental investigation of superfocusing of plasmonic lens with chirped circular nanoslits,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3438–3443 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Agio, X.-W. Chen, and V. Sandoghdar, “Nanofocusing radially-polarized beams for high-throughput funneling of optical energy to the near field,” Opt. Express 18(10), 10878–10887 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

Y. Saito and P. Verma, “Imaging and spectroscopy through plasmonic nano-probe,” Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. 46(2), 20101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Das, F. Mecarini, F. Gentile, F. De Angelis, H. Mohan Kumar, P. Candeloro, C. Liberale, G. Cuda, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nano-patterned SERS substrate: application for protein analysis vs. temperature,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 24(6), 1693–1699 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

R. Proietti Zaccaria, P. Verma, S. Kawaguchi, S. Shoji, and S. Kawata, “Manipulating full photonic band gaps in two dimensional birefringent photonic crystals,” Opt. Express 16(19), 14812–14820 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Proietti Zaccaria, S. Shoji, H. B. Sun, and S. Kawata, “Multi-shot interference approach for any kind of Bravais lattice,” Appl. Phys. B 93(1), 251–256 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. De Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2321–2327 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

J. Bravo-Abad, A. Rodriguez, P. Bermel, S. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljacic, “Enhanced nonlinear optics in photonic-crystal microcavities,” Opt. Express 15(24), 16161–16176 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. Song and R. Proietti Zaccaria, “Manipulation of light transmission through sub-wavelength hole array,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 9(9), S450–S457 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

S. Cabrini, A. Carpentiero, R. Kumar, L. Businaro, P. Candeloro, M. Prasciolu, A. Gosparini, C. Andreani, M. De Vittorio, T. Stomeo, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Focused ion beam lithography for two dimensional array structures for photonic applications,” Microelectron. Eng. 78–79, 11–15 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

M. I. Stockman, “Nanofocusing of optical energy in tapered plasmonic waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(13), 137404 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

A. M. Malvezzi, G. Vecchi, M. Patrini, G. Guizzetti, L. C. Andreani, F. Romanato, L. Businaro, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Passaseo, and M. K. De Vittorio, “Resonant second-harmonic generation in a GaAs photonic crystal waveguide,” Phys. Rev. B 68(16), 161306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

M. Galli, M. Agio, L. C. Andreani, L. Atzeni, D. Bajoni, G. Guizzetti, L. Businaro, E. Di Fabrizio, F. Romanato, and A. Passaseo, “Optical properties and photonic bands of GaAs photonic crystal waveguides with tilted square lattice,” Eur. Phys. J. B 27(1), 79–87 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Malvezzi, F. Cattaneo, G. Vecchi, M. Falasconi, G. Guizzetti, L. C. Andreani, F. Romanato, L. Businaro, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Passaseo, and M. De Vittorio, “Second-harmonic generation in reflection and diffraction by a GaAs photonic-crystal waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(9), 2122 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

A. J. Babadjanyan, N. L. Margaryan, and Kh. V. Nerkararyan, “Superfocusing of surface polaritons in the conical structure,” J. Appl. Phys. 87(8), 3785 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Noda, A. Chutinan, and M. Imada, “Trapping and emission of photons by a single defect in a photonic bandgap structure,” Nature 407(6804), 608–610 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. J. Turberfield, M. Campbell, D. N. Sharp, M. T. Harrison, and R. G. Denning, “Fabrication of photonic crystals for the visible spectrum by holographic lithography,” Nature 404(6773), 53–56 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (2)

1988 (1)

S. Adachi, “Model dielectric constants of Si and Ge,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 38(18), 12966–12976 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1968 (2)

A. Otto, “Excitation of nonradiative surface plasma waves in silver by the method of frustrated total reflection,” Z. Phys. 216(4), 398–410 (1968).
[CrossRef]

E. Kretschmann and H. Raether, “Radiative decay of non-radiative surface plasmons excited by light,” Z. Naturf. 23A, 2135–2136 (1968).

1956 (1)

U. Fano, “Atomic theory of electromagnetic interactions in dense materials,” Phys. Rev. 103(5), 1202–1218 (1956).
[CrossRef]

1902 (1)

R. W. Wood, “On a remarkable case of uneven distribution of light in a diffraction grating spectrum,” Philos. Mag. 4, 396 (1902).

Accardo, A.

F. De Angelis, F. Gentile, F. Mecarini, G. Das, M. Moretti, P. Candeloro, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, A. Accardo, C. Liberale, R. Proietti Zaccaria, G. Perozziello, L. Tirinato, A. Toma, G. Cuda, R. Cingolani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Breaking the diffusion limit with super hydrophobic delivery of few molecules to plasmonic nanofocusing structures,” Nat. Photonics (accepted for publication).

Adachi, S.

S. Adachi, “Model dielectric constants of Si and Ge,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 38(18), 12966–12976 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Agio, M.

M. Agio, X.-W. Chen, and V. Sandoghdar, “Nanofocusing radially-polarized beams for high-throughput funneling of optical energy to the near field,” Opt. Express 18(10), 10878–10887 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Galli, M. Agio, L. C. Andreani, L. Atzeni, D. Bajoni, G. Guizzetti, L. Businaro, E. Di Fabrizio, F. Romanato, and A. Passaseo, “Optical properties and photonic bands of GaAs photonic crystal waveguides with tilted square lattice,” Eur. Phys. J. B 27(1), 79–87 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Aichele, T.

M. Barth, S. Schietinger, S. Fischer, J. Becker, N. Nüsse, T. Aichele, B. Löchel, C. Sönnichsen, and O. Benson, “Nanoassembled plasmonic-photonic hybrid cavity for tailored light-matter coupling,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Andreani, C.

S. Cabrini, A. Carpentiero, R. Kumar, L. Businaro, P. Candeloro, M. Prasciolu, A. Gosparini, C. Andreani, M. De Vittorio, T. Stomeo, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Focused ion beam lithography for two dimensional array structures for photonic applications,” Microelectron. Eng. 78–79, 11–15 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Andreani, L. C.

F. De Angelis, G. Das, P. Candeloro, M. Patrini, M. Galli, A. Bek, M. Lazzarino, I. Maksymov, C. Liberale, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nanoscale chemical mapping using three-dimensional adiabatic compression of surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(1), 67–72 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. De Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2321–2327 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Malvezzi, G. Vecchi, M. Patrini, G. Guizzetti, L. C. Andreani, F. Romanato, L. Businaro, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Passaseo, and M. K. De Vittorio, “Resonant second-harmonic generation in a GaAs photonic crystal waveguide,” Phys. Rev. B 68(16), 161306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Galli, M. Agio, L. C. Andreani, L. Atzeni, D. Bajoni, G. Guizzetti, L. Businaro, E. Di Fabrizio, F. Romanato, and A. Passaseo, “Optical properties and photonic bands of GaAs photonic crystal waveguides with tilted square lattice,” Eur. Phys. J. B 27(1), 79–87 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Malvezzi, F. Cattaneo, G. Vecchi, M. Falasconi, G. Guizzetti, L. C. Andreani, F. Romanato, L. Businaro, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Passaseo, and M. De Vittorio, “Second-harmonic generation in reflection and diffraction by a GaAs photonic-crystal waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(9), 2122 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ashby, P.

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Atzeni, L.

M. Galli, M. Agio, L. C. Andreani, L. Atzeni, D. Bajoni, G. Guizzetti, L. Businaro, E. Di Fabrizio, F. Romanato, and A. Passaseo, “Optical properties and photonic bands of GaAs photonic crystal waveguides with tilted square lattice,” Eur. Phys. J. B 27(1), 79–87 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Babadjanyan, A. J.

A. J. Babadjanyan, N. L. Margaryan, and Kh. V. Nerkararyan, “Superfocusing of surface polaritons in the conical structure,” J. Appl. Phys. 87(8), 3785 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bajoni, D.

M. Galli, M. Agio, L. C. Andreani, L. Atzeni, D. Bajoni, G. Guizzetti, L. Businaro, E. Di Fabrizio, F. Romanato, and A. Passaseo, “Optical properties and photonic bands of GaAs photonic crystal waveguides with tilted square lattice,” Eur. Phys. J. B 27(1), 79–87 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Barth, M.

M. Barth, S. Schietinger, S. Fischer, J. Becker, N. Nüsse, T. Aichele, B. Löchel, C. Sönnichsen, and O. Benson, “Nanoassembled plasmonic-photonic hybrid cavity for tailored light-matter coupling,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Becker, J.

M. Barth, S. Schietinger, S. Fischer, J. Becker, N. Nüsse, T. Aichele, B. Löchel, C. Sönnichsen, and O. Benson, “Nanoassembled plasmonic-photonic hybrid cavity for tailored light-matter coupling,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bek, A.

F. De Angelis, G. Das, P. Candeloro, M. Patrini, M. Galli, A. Bek, M. Lazzarino, I. Maksymov, C. Liberale, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nanoscale chemical mapping using three-dimensional adiabatic compression of surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(1), 67–72 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benson, O.

M. Barth, S. Schietinger, S. Fischer, J. Becker, N. Nüsse, T. Aichele, B. Löchel, C. Sönnichsen, and O. Benson, “Nanoassembled plasmonic-photonic hybrid cavity for tailored light-matter coupling,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bermel, P.

Berweger, S.

C. C. Neacsu, S. Berweger, R. L. Olmon, L. V. Saraf, C. Ropers, and M. B. Raschke, “Near-field localization in plasmonic superfocusing: a nanoemitter on a tip,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 592–596 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bokor, J.

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bravo-Abad, J.

Businaro, L.

F. De Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2321–2327 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Cabrini, A. Carpentiero, R. Kumar, L. Businaro, P. Candeloro, M. Prasciolu, A. Gosparini, C. Andreani, M. De Vittorio, T. Stomeo, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Focused ion beam lithography for two dimensional array structures for photonic applications,” Microelectron. Eng. 78–79, 11–15 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Malvezzi, G. Vecchi, M. Patrini, G. Guizzetti, L. C. Andreani, F. Romanato, L. Businaro, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Passaseo, and M. K. De Vittorio, “Resonant second-harmonic generation in a GaAs photonic crystal waveguide,” Phys. Rev. B 68(16), 161306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Galli, M. Agio, L. C. Andreani, L. Atzeni, D. Bajoni, G. Guizzetti, L. Businaro, E. Di Fabrizio, F. Romanato, and A. Passaseo, “Optical properties and photonic bands of GaAs photonic crystal waveguides with tilted square lattice,” Eur. Phys. J. B 27(1), 79–87 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Malvezzi, F. Cattaneo, G. Vecchi, M. Falasconi, G. Guizzetti, L. C. Andreani, F. Romanato, L. Businaro, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Passaseo, and M. De Vittorio, “Second-harmonic generation in reflection and diffraction by a GaAs photonic-crystal waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(9), 2122 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cabrini, S.

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Cabrini, A. Carpentiero, R. Kumar, L. Businaro, P. Candeloro, M. Prasciolu, A. Gosparini, C. Andreani, M. De Vittorio, T. Stomeo, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Focused ion beam lithography for two dimensional array structures for photonic applications,” Microelectron. Eng. 78–79, 11–15 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Campbell, M.

A. J. Turberfield, M. Campbell, D. N. Sharp, M. T. Harrison, and R. G. Denning, “Fabrication of photonic crystals for the visible spectrum by holographic lithography,” Nature 404(6773), 53–56 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Candeloro, P.

F. De Angelis, G. Das, P. Candeloro, M. Patrini, M. Galli, A. Bek, M. Lazzarino, I. Maksymov, C. Liberale, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nanoscale chemical mapping using three-dimensional adiabatic compression of surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(1), 67–72 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Das, F. Mecarini, F. Gentile, F. De Angelis, H. Mohan Kumar, P. Candeloro, C. Liberale, G. Cuda, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nano-patterned SERS substrate: application for protein analysis vs. temperature,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 24(6), 1693–1699 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Cabrini, A. Carpentiero, R. Kumar, L. Businaro, P. Candeloro, M. Prasciolu, A. Gosparini, C. Andreani, M. De Vittorio, T. Stomeo, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Focused ion beam lithography for two dimensional array structures for photonic applications,” Microelectron. Eng. 78–79, 11–15 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. De Angelis, F. Gentile, F. Mecarini, G. Das, M. Moretti, P. Candeloro, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, A. Accardo, C. Liberale, R. Proietti Zaccaria, G. Perozziello, L. Tirinato, A. Toma, G. Cuda, R. Cingolani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Breaking the diffusion limit with super hydrophobic delivery of few molecules to plasmonic nanofocusing structures,” Nat. Photonics (accepted for publication).

Carpentiero, A.

S. Cabrini, A. Carpentiero, R. Kumar, L. Businaro, P. Candeloro, M. Prasciolu, A. Gosparini, C. Andreani, M. De Vittorio, T. Stomeo, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Focused ion beam lithography for two dimensional array structures for photonic applications,” Microelectron. Eng. 78–79, 11–15 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cattaneo, F.

Chen, X.-W.

Chutinan, A.

S. Noda, A. Chutinan, and M. Imada, “Trapping and emission of photons by a single defect in a photonic bandgap structure,” Nature 407(6804), 608–610 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cingolani, R.

F. De Angelis, F. Gentile, F. Mecarini, G. Das, M. Moretti, P. Candeloro, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, A. Accardo, C. Liberale, R. Proietti Zaccaria, G. Perozziello, L. Tirinato, A. Toma, G. Cuda, R. Cingolani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Breaking the diffusion limit with super hydrophobic delivery of few molecules to plasmonic nanofocusing structures,” Nat. Photonics (accepted for publication).

Cojoc, G.

F. De Angelis, C. Liberale, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Emerging fabrication techniques for 3D nano-structuring in plasmonics and single molecule studies,” Nanoscale 3(7), 2689–2696 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. De Angelis, F. Gentile, F. Mecarini, G. Das, M. Moretti, P. Candeloro, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, A. Accardo, C. Liberale, R. Proietti Zaccaria, G. Perozziello, L. Tirinato, A. Toma, G. Cuda, R. Cingolani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Breaking the diffusion limit with super hydrophobic delivery of few molecules to plasmonic nanofocusing structures,” Nat. Photonics (accepted for publication).

Coluccio, M. L.

F. De Angelis, C. Liberale, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Emerging fabrication techniques for 3D nano-structuring in plasmonics and single molecule studies,” Nanoscale 3(7), 2689–2696 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. De Angelis, F. Gentile, F. Mecarini, G. Das, M. Moretti, P. Candeloro, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, A. Accardo, C. Liberale, R. Proietti Zaccaria, G. Perozziello, L. Tirinato, A. Toma, G. Cuda, R. Cingolani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Breaking the diffusion limit with super hydrophobic delivery of few molecules to plasmonic nanofocusing structures,” Nat. Photonics (accepted for publication).

Cornaglia, M.

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cuda, G.

G. Das, F. Mecarini, F. Gentile, F. De Angelis, H. Mohan Kumar, P. Candeloro, C. Liberale, G. Cuda, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nano-patterned SERS substrate: application for protein analysis vs. temperature,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 24(6), 1693–1699 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. De Angelis, F. Gentile, F. Mecarini, G. Das, M. Moretti, P. Candeloro, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, A. Accardo, C. Liberale, R. Proietti Zaccaria, G. Perozziello, L. Tirinato, A. Toma, G. Cuda, R. Cingolani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Breaking the diffusion limit with super hydrophobic delivery of few molecules to plasmonic nanofocusing structures,” Nat. Photonics (accepted for publication).

Das, G.

F. De Angelis, G. Das, P. Candeloro, M. Patrini, M. Galli, A. Bek, M. Lazzarino, I. Maksymov, C. Liberale, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nanoscale chemical mapping using three-dimensional adiabatic compression of surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(1), 67–72 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Das, F. Mecarini, F. Gentile, F. De Angelis, H. Mohan Kumar, P. Candeloro, C. Liberale, G. Cuda, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nano-patterned SERS substrate: application for protein analysis vs. temperature,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 24(6), 1693–1699 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. De Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2321–2327 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. De Angelis, F. Gentile, F. Mecarini, G. Das, M. Moretti, P. Candeloro, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, A. Accardo, C. Liberale, R. Proietti Zaccaria, G. Perozziello, L. Tirinato, A. Toma, G. Cuda, R. Cingolani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Breaking the diffusion limit with super hydrophobic delivery of few molecules to plasmonic nanofocusing structures,” Nat. Photonics (accepted for publication).

De Angelis, F.

F. De Angelis, C. Liberale, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Emerging fabrication techniques for 3D nano-structuring in plasmonics and single molecule studies,” Nanoscale 3(7), 2689–2696 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. De Angelis, G. Das, P. Candeloro, M. Patrini, M. Galli, A. Bek, M. Lazzarino, I. Maksymov, C. Liberale, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nanoscale chemical mapping using three-dimensional adiabatic compression of surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(1), 67–72 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Das, F. Mecarini, F. Gentile, F. De Angelis, H. Mohan Kumar, P. Candeloro, C. Liberale, G. Cuda, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nano-patterned SERS substrate: application for protein analysis vs. temperature,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 24(6), 1693–1699 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. De Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2321–2327 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. De Angelis, F. Gentile, F. Mecarini, G. Das, M. Moretti, P. Candeloro, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, A. Accardo, C. Liberale, R. Proietti Zaccaria, G. Perozziello, L. Tirinato, A. Toma, G. Cuda, R. Cingolani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Breaking the diffusion limit with super hydrophobic delivery of few molecules to plasmonic nanofocusing structures,” Nat. Photonics (accepted for publication).

De Vittorio, M.

S. Cabrini, A. Carpentiero, R. Kumar, L. Businaro, P. Candeloro, M. Prasciolu, A. Gosparini, C. Andreani, M. De Vittorio, T. Stomeo, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Focused ion beam lithography for two dimensional array structures for photonic applications,” Microelectron. Eng. 78–79, 11–15 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Malvezzi, F. Cattaneo, G. Vecchi, M. Falasconi, G. Guizzetti, L. C. Andreani, F. Romanato, L. Businaro, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Passaseo, and M. De Vittorio, “Second-harmonic generation in reflection and diffraction by a GaAs photonic-crystal waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(9), 2122 (2002).
[CrossRef]

De Vittorio, M. K.

A. M. Malvezzi, G. Vecchi, M. Patrini, G. Guizzetti, L. C. Andreani, F. Romanato, L. Businaro, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Passaseo, and M. K. De Vittorio, “Resonant second-harmonic generation in a GaAs photonic crystal waveguide,” Phys. Rev. B 68(16), 161306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Denning, R. G.

A. J. Turberfield, M. Campbell, D. N. Sharp, M. T. Harrison, and R. G. Denning, “Fabrication of photonic crystals for the visible spectrum by holographic lithography,” Nature 404(6773), 53–56 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Di Fabrizio, E.

F. De Angelis, C. Liberale, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Emerging fabrication techniques for 3D nano-structuring in plasmonics and single molecule studies,” Nanoscale 3(7), 2689–2696 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. De Angelis, G. Das, P. Candeloro, M. Patrini, M. Galli, A. Bek, M. Lazzarino, I. Maksymov, C. Liberale, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nanoscale chemical mapping using three-dimensional adiabatic compression of surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(1), 67–72 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Das, F. Mecarini, F. Gentile, F. De Angelis, H. Mohan Kumar, P. Candeloro, C. Liberale, G. Cuda, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nano-patterned SERS substrate: application for protein analysis vs. temperature,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 24(6), 1693–1699 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. De Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2321–2327 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Cabrini, A. Carpentiero, R. Kumar, L. Businaro, P. Candeloro, M. Prasciolu, A. Gosparini, C. Andreani, M. De Vittorio, T. Stomeo, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Focused ion beam lithography for two dimensional array structures for photonic applications,” Microelectron. Eng. 78–79, 11–15 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Malvezzi, G. Vecchi, M. Patrini, G. Guizzetti, L. C. Andreani, F. Romanato, L. Businaro, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Passaseo, and M. K. De Vittorio, “Resonant second-harmonic generation in a GaAs photonic crystal waveguide,” Phys. Rev. B 68(16), 161306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Galli, M. Agio, L. C. Andreani, L. Atzeni, D. Bajoni, G. Guizzetti, L. Businaro, E. Di Fabrizio, F. Romanato, and A. Passaseo, “Optical properties and photonic bands of GaAs photonic crystal waveguides with tilted square lattice,” Eur. Phys. J. B 27(1), 79–87 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Malvezzi, F. Cattaneo, G. Vecchi, M. Falasconi, G. Guizzetti, L. C. Andreani, F. Romanato, L. Businaro, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Passaseo, and M. De Vittorio, “Second-harmonic generation in reflection and diffraction by a GaAs photonic-crystal waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(9), 2122 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F. De Angelis, F. Gentile, F. Mecarini, G. Das, M. Moretti, P. Candeloro, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, A. Accardo, C. Liberale, R. Proietti Zaccaria, G. Perozziello, L. Tirinato, A. Toma, G. Cuda, R. Cingolani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Breaking the diffusion limit with super hydrophobic delivery of few molecules to plasmonic nanofocusing structures,” Nat. Photonics (accepted for publication).

Djurišic, A. B.

Elazar, J. M.

Falasconi, M.

Fang, F.

Fano, U.

U. Fano, “Atomic theory of electromagnetic interactions in dense materials,” Phys. Rev. 103(5), 1202–1218 (1956).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, S.

M. Barth, S. Schietinger, S. Fischer, J. Becker, N. Nüsse, T. Aichele, B. Löchel, C. Sönnichsen, and O. Benson, “Nanoassembled plasmonic-photonic hybrid cavity for tailored light-matter coupling,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fu, Y.

Galli, M.

F. De Angelis, G. Das, P. Candeloro, M. Patrini, M. Galli, A. Bek, M. Lazzarino, I. Maksymov, C. Liberale, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nanoscale chemical mapping using three-dimensional adiabatic compression of surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(1), 67–72 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. De Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2321–2327 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Galli, M. Agio, L. C. Andreani, L. Atzeni, D. Bajoni, G. Guizzetti, L. Businaro, E. Di Fabrizio, F. Romanato, and A. Passaseo, “Optical properties and photonic bands of GaAs photonic crystal waveguides with tilted square lattice,” Eur. Phys. J. B 27(1), 79–87 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gentile, F.

G. Das, F. Mecarini, F. Gentile, F. De Angelis, H. Mohan Kumar, P. Candeloro, C. Liberale, G. Cuda, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nano-patterned SERS substrate: application for protein analysis vs. temperature,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 24(6), 1693–1699 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. De Angelis, F. Gentile, F. Mecarini, G. Das, M. Moretti, P. Candeloro, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, A. Accardo, C. Liberale, R. Proietti Zaccaria, G. Perozziello, L. Tirinato, A. Toma, G. Cuda, R. Cingolani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Breaking the diffusion limit with super hydrophobic delivery of few molecules to plasmonic nanofocusing structures,” Nat. Photonics (accepted for publication).

Gordon, R.

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gosparini, A.

S. Cabrini, A. Carpentiero, R. Kumar, L. Businaro, P. Candeloro, M. Prasciolu, A. Gosparini, C. Andreani, M. De Vittorio, T. Stomeo, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Focused ion beam lithography for two dimensional array structures for photonic applications,” Microelectron. Eng. 78–79, 11–15 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Guizzetti, G.

A. M. Malvezzi, G. Vecchi, M. Patrini, G. Guizzetti, L. C. Andreani, F. Romanato, L. Businaro, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Passaseo, and M. K. De Vittorio, “Resonant second-harmonic generation in a GaAs photonic crystal waveguide,” Phys. Rev. B 68(16), 161306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Galli, M. Agio, L. C. Andreani, L. Atzeni, D. Bajoni, G. Guizzetti, L. Businaro, E. Di Fabrizio, F. Romanato, and A. Passaseo, “Optical properties and photonic bands of GaAs photonic crystal waveguides with tilted square lattice,” Eur. Phys. J. B 27(1), 79–87 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Malvezzi, F. Cattaneo, G. Vecchi, M. Falasconi, G. Guizzetti, L. C. Andreani, F. Romanato, L. Businaro, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Passaseo, and M. De Vittorio, “Second-harmonic generation in reflection and diffraction by a GaAs photonic-crystal waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(9), 2122 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Harrison, M. T.

A. J. Turberfield, M. Campbell, D. N. Sharp, M. T. Harrison, and R. G. Denning, “Fabrication of photonic crystals for the visible spectrum by holographic lithography,” Nature 404(6773), 53–56 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Imada, M.

S. Noda, A. Chutinan, and M. Imada, “Trapping and emission of photons by a single defect in a photonic bandgap structure,” Nature 407(6804), 608–610 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ismach, A.

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

Johnson, S. G.

Kawaguchi, S.

Kawata, S.

R. Proietti Zaccaria, P. Verma, S. Kawaguchi, S. Shoji, and S. Kawata, “Manipulating full photonic band gaps in two dimensional birefringent photonic crystals,” Opt. Express 16(19), 14812–14820 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Proietti Zaccaria, S. Shoji, H. B. Sun, and S. Kawata, “Multi-shot interference approach for any kind of Bravais lattice,” Appl. Phys. B 93(1), 251–256 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kretschmann, E.

E. Kretschmann and H. Raether, “Radiative decay of non-radiative surface plasmons excited by light,” Z. Naturf. 23A, 2135–2136 (1968).

Kumar, R.

S. Cabrini, A. Carpentiero, R. Kumar, L. Businaro, P. Candeloro, M. Prasciolu, A. Gosparini, C. Andreani, M. De Vittorio, T. Stomeo, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Focused ion beam lithography for two dimensional array structures for photonic applications,” Microelectron. Eng. 78–79, 11–15 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lazzarino, M.

F. De Angelis, G. Das, P. Candeloro, M. Patrini, M. Galli, A. Bek, M. Lazzarino, I. Maksymov, C. Liberale, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nanoscale chemical mapping using three-dimensional adiabatic compression of surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(1), 67–72 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lesuffleur, A.

N. C. Lindquist, P. Nagpal, A. Lesuffleur, D. J. Norris, and S. H. Oh, “Three-dimensional plasmonic nanofocusing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1369–1373 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, E. H.

Liberale, C.

F. De Angelis, C. Liberale, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Emerging fabrication techniques for 3D nano-structuring in plasmonics and single molecule studies,” Nanoscale 3(7), 2689–2696 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. De Angelis, G. Das, P. Candeloro, M. Patrini, M. Galli, A. Bek, M. Lazzarino, I. Maksymov, C. Liberale, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nanoscale chemical mapping using three-dimensional adiabatic compression of surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(1), 67–72 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Das, F. Mecarini, F. Gentile, F. De Angelis, H. Mohan Kumar, P. Candeloro, C. Liberale, G. Cuda, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nano-patterned SERS substrate: application for protein analysis vs. temperature,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 24(6), 1693–1699 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. De Angelis, F. Gentile, F. Mecarini, G. Das, M. Moretti, P. Candeloro, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, A. Accardo, C. Liberale, R. Proietti Zaccaria, G. Perozziello, L. Tirinato, A. Toma, G. Cuda, R. Cingolani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Breaking the diffusion limit with super hydrophobic delivery of few molecules to plasmonic nanofocusing structures,” Nat. Photonics (accepted for publication).

Lindquist, N. C.

N. C. Lindquist, P. Nagpal, A. Lesuffleur, D. J. Norris, and S. H. Oh, “Three-dimensional plasmonic nanofocusing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1369–1373 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, Y.

Löchel, B.

M. Barth, S. Schietinger, S. Fischer, J. Becker, N. Nüsse, T. Aichele, B. Löchel, C. Sönnichsen, and O. Benson, “Nanoassembled plasmonic-photonic hybrid cavity for tailored light-matter coupling,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Majewski, M. L.

Maksymov, I.

F. De Angelis, G. Das, P. Candeloro, M. Patrini, M. Galli, A. Bek, M. Lazzarino, I. Maksymov, C. Liberale, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nanoscale chemical mapping using three-dimensional adiabatic compression of surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(1), 67–72 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. De Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2321–2327 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Malvezzi, A. M.

A. M. Malvezzi, G. Vecchi, M. Patrini, G. Guizzetti, L. C. Andreani, F. Romanato, L. Businaro, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Passaseo, and M. K. De Vittorio, “Resonant second-harmonic generation in a GaAs photonic crystal waveguide,” Phys. Rev. B 68(16), 161306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Malvezzi, F. Cattaneo, G. Vecchi, M. Falasconi, G. Guizzetti, L. C. Andreani, F. Romanato, L. Businaro, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Passaseo, and M. De Vittorio, “Second-harmonic generation in reflection and diffraction by a GaAs photonic-crystal waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(9), 2122 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Margaryan, N. L.

A. J. Babadjanyan, N. L. Margaryan, and Kh. V. Nerkararyan, “Superfocusing of surface polaritons in the conical structure,” J. Appl. Phys. 87(8), 3785 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mecarini, F.

G. Das, F. Mecarini, F. Gentile, F. De Angelis, H. Mohan Kumar, P. Candeloro, C. Liberale, G. Cuda, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nano-patterned SERS substrate: application for protein analysis vs. temperature,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 24(6), 1693–1699 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. De Angelis, F. Gentile, F. Mecarini, G. Das, M. Moretti, P. Candeloro, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, A. Accardo, C. Liberale, R. Proietti Zaccaria, G. Perozziello, L. Tirinato, A. Toma, G. Cuda, R. Cingolani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Breaking the diffusion limit with super hydrophobic delivery of few molecules to plasmonic nanofocusing structures,” Nat. Photonics (accepted for publication).

Mohan Kumar, H.

G. Das, F. Mecarini, F. Gentile, F. De Angelis, H. Mohan Kumar, P. Candeloro, C. Liberale, G. Cuda, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nano-patterned SERS substrate: application for protein analysis vs. temperature,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 24(6), 1693–1699 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moretti, M.

F. De Angelis, F. Gentile, F. Mecarini, G. Das, M. Moretti, P. Candeloro, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, A. Accardo, C. Liberale, R. Proietti Zaccaria, G. Perozziello, L. Tirinato, A. Toma, G. Cuda, R. Cingolani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Breaking the diffusion limit with super hydrophobic delivery of few molecules to plasmonic nanofocusing structures,” Nat. Photonics (accepted for publication).

Nagpal, P.

N. C. Lindquist, P. Nagpal, A. Lesuffleur, D. J. Norris, and S. H. Oh, “Three-dimensional plasmonic nanofocusing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1369–1373 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neacsu, C. C.

C. C. Neacsu, S. Berweger, R. L. Olmon, L. V. Saraf, C. Ropers, and M. B. Raschke, “Near-field localization in plasmonic superfocusing: a nanoemitter on a tip,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 592–596 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nerkararyan, Kh. V.

A. J. Babadjanyan, N. L. Margaryan, and Kh. V. Nerkararyan, “Superfocusing of surface polaritons in the conical structure,” J. Appl. Phys. 87(8), 3785 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Noda, S.

S. Noda, A. Chutinan, and M. Imada, “Trapping and emission of photons by a single defect in a photonic bandgap structure,” Nature 407(6804), 608–610 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Norris, D. J.

N. C. Lindquist, P. Nagpal, A. Lesuffleur, D. J. Norris, and S. H. Oh, “Three-dimensional plasmonic nanofocusing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1369–1373 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nüsse, N.

M. Barth, S. Schietinger, S. Fischer, J. Becker, N. Nüsse, T. Aichele, B. Löchel, C. Sönnichsen, and O. Benson, “Nanoassembled plasmonic-photonic hybrid cavity for tailored light-matter coupling,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ogletree, D. F.

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oh, S. H.

N. C. Lindquist, P. Nagpal, A. Lesuffleur, D. J. Norris, and S. H. Oh, “Three-dimensional plasmonic nanofocusing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1369–1373 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Olmon, R. L.

C. C. Neacsu, S. Berweger, R. L. Olmon, L. V. Saraf, C. Ropers, and M. B. Raschke, “Near-field localization in plasmonic superfocusing: a nanoemitter on a tip,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 592–596 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Otto, A.

A. Otto, “Excitation of nonradiative surface plasma waves in silver by the method of frustrated total reflection,” Z. Phys. 216(4), 398–410 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Pang, Y.

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Passaseo, A.

A. M. Malvezzi, G. Vecchi, M. Patrini, G. Guizzetti, L. C. Andreani, F. Romanato, L. Businaro, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Passaseo, and M. K. De Vittorio, “Resonant second-harmonic generation in a GaAs photonic crystal waveguide,” Phys. Rev. B 68(16), 161306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Galli, M. Agio, L. C. Andreani, L. Atzeni, D. Bajoni, G. Guizzetti, L. Businaro, E. Di Fabrizio, F. Romanato, and A. Passaseo, “Optical properties and photonic bands of GaAs photonic crystal waveguides with tilted square lattice,” Eur. Phys. J. B 27(1), 79–87 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Malvezzi, F. Cattaneo, G. Vecchi, M. Falasconi, G. Guizzetti, L. C. Andreani, F. Romanato, L. Businaro, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Passaseo, and M. De Vittorio, “Second-harmonic generation in reflection and diffraction by a GaAs photonic-crystal waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(9), 2122 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Patrini, M.

F. De Angelis, G. Das, P. Candeloro, M. Patrini, M. Galli, A. Bek, M. Lazzarino, I. Maksymov, C. Liberale, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nanoscale chemical mapping using three-dimensional adiabatic compression of surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(1), 67–72 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. De Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2321–2327 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Malvezzi, G. Vecchi, M. Patrini, G. Guizzetti, L. C. Andreani, F. Romanato, L. Businaro, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Passaseo, and M. K. De Vittorio, “Resonant second-harmonic generation in a GaAs photonic crystal waveguide,” Phys. Rev. B 68(16), 161306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Perozziello, G.

F. De Angelis, F. Gentile, F. Mecarini, G. Das, M. Moretti, P. Candeloro, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, A. Accardo, C. Liberale, R. Proietti Zaccaria, G. Perozziello, L. Tirinato, A. Toma, G. Cuda, R. Cingolani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Breaking the diffusion limit with super hydrophobic delivery of few molecules to plasmonic nanofocusing structures,” Nat. Photonics (accepted for publication).

Prasciolu, M.

S. Cabrini, A. Carpentiero, R. Kumar, L. Businaro, P. Candeloro, M. Prasciolu, A. Gosparini, C. Andreani, M. De Vittorio, T. Stomeo, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Focused ion beam lithography for two dimensional array structures for photonic applications,” Microelectron. Eng. 78–79, 11–15 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Proietti Zaccaria, R.

H. Zhao, R. Proietti Zaccaria, P. Verma, J. Song, and H. Sun, “Single-mode operation regime for 12-fold index-guiding quasicrystal optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 100(3), 499–503 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Proietti Zaccaria, P. Verma, S. Kawaguchi, S. Shoji, and S. Kawata, “Manipulating full photonic band gaps in two dimensional birefringent photonic crystals,” Opt. Express 16(19), 14812–14820 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Proietti Zaccaria, S. Shoji, H. B. Sun, and S. Kawata, “Multi-shot interference approach for any kind of Bravais lattice,” Appl. Phys. B 93(1), 251–256 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Song and R. Proietti Zaccaria, “Manipulation of light transmission through sub-wavelength hole array,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 9(9), S450–S457 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. De Angelis, F. Gentile, F. Mecarini, G. Das, M. Moretti, P. Candeloro, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, A. Accardo, C. Liberale, R. Proietti Zaccaria, G. Perozziello, L. Tirinato, A. Toma, G. Cuda, R. Cingolani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Breaking the diffusion limit with super hydrophobic delivery of few molecules to plasmonic nanofocusing structures,” Nat. Photonics (accepted for publication).

Raether, H.

E. Kretschmann and H. Raether, “Radiative decay of non-radiative surface plasmons excited by light,” Z. Naturf. 23A, 2135–2136 (1968).

Rakic, A. D.

Raschke, M. B.

C. C. Neacsu, S. Berweger, R. L. Olmon, L. V. Saraf, C. Ropers, and M. B. Raschke, “Near-field localization in plasmonic superfocusing: a nanoemitter on a tip,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 592–596 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rodriguez, A.

Romanato, F.

A. M. Malvezzi, G. Vecchi, M. Patrini, G. Guizzetti, L. C. Andreani, F. Romanato, L. Businaro, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Passaseo, and M. K. De Vittorio, “Resonant second-harmonic generation in a GaAs photonic crystal waveguide,” Phys. Rev. B 68(16), 161306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Galli, M. Agio, L. C. Andreani, L. Atzeni, D. Bajoni, G. Guizzetti, L. Businaro, E. Di Fabrizio, F. Romanato, and A. Passaseo, “Optical properties and photonic bands of GaAs photonic crystal waveguides with tilted square lattice,” Eur. Phys. J. B 27(1), 79–87 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Malvezzi, F. Cattaneo, G. Vecchi, M. Falasconi, G. Guizzetti, L. C. Andreani, F. Romanato, L. Businaro, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Passaseo, and M. De Vittorio, “Second-harmonic generation in reflection and diffraction by a GaAs photonic-crystal waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(9), 2122 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ropers, C.

C. C. Neacsu, S. Berweger, R. L. Olmon, L. V. Saraf, C. Ropers, and M. B. Raschke, “Near-field localization in plasmonic superfocusing: a nanoemitter on a tip,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 592–596 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saito, Y.

Y. Saito and P. Verma, “Imaging and spectroscopy through plasmonic nano-probe,” Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. 46(2), 20101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Salmeron, M. B.

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sandoghdar, V.

Saraf, L. V.

C. C. Neacsu, S. Berweger, R. L. Olmon, L. V. Saraf, C. Ropers, and M. B. Raschke, “Near-field localization in plasmonic superfocusing: a nanoemitter on a tip,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 592–596 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schietinger, S.

M. Barth, S. Schietinger, S. Fischer, J. Becker, N. Nüsse, T. Aichele, B. Löchel, C. Sönnichsen, and O. Benson, “Nanoassembled plasmonic-photonic hybrid cavity for tailored light-matter coupling,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schuck, P. J.

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schwartzberg, A.

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sharp, D. N.

A. J. Turberfield, M. Campbell, D. N. Sharp, M. T. Harrison, and R. G. Denning, “Fabrication of photonic crystals for the visible spectrum by holographic lithography,” Nature 404(6773), 53–56 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shoji, S.

R. Proietti Zaccaria, S. Shoji, H. B. Sun, and S. Kawata, “Multi-shot interference approach for any kind of Bravais lattice,” Appl. Phys. B 93(1), 251–256 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Proietti Zaccaria, P. Verma, S. Kawaguchi, S. Shoji, and S. Kawata, “Manipulating full photonic band gaps in two dimensional birefringent photonic crystals,” Opt. Express 16(19), 14812–14820 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Soljacic, M.

Song, J.

H. Zhao, R. Proietti Zaccaria, P. Verma, J. Song, and H. Sun, “Single-mode operation regime for 12-fold index-guiding quasicrystal optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 100(3), 499–503 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Song, J. F.

J. F. Song and R. Proietti Zaccaria, “Manipulation of light transmission through sub-wavelength hole array,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 9(9), S450–S457 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sönnichsen, C.

M. Barth, S. Schietinger, S. Fischer, J. Becker, N. Nüsse, T. Aichele, B. Löchel, C. Sönnichsen, and O. Benson, “Nanoassembled plasmonic-photonic hybrid cavity for tailored light-matter coupling,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stockman, M. I.

M. I. Stockman, “Nanofocusing of optical energy in tapered plasmonic waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(13), 137404 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stomeo, T.

S. Cabrini, A. Carpentiero, R. Kumar, L. Businaro, P. Candeloro, M. Prasciolu, A. Gosparini, C. Andreani, M. De Vittorio, T. Stomeo, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Focused ion beam lithography for two dimensional array structures for photonic applications,” Microelectron. Eng. 78–79, 11–15 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sun, H.

H. Zhao, R. Proietti Zaccaria, P. Verma, J. Song, and H. Sun, “Single-mode operation regime for 12-fold index-guiding quasicrystal optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 100(3), 499–503 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sun, H. B.

R. Proietti Zaccaria, S. Shoji, H. B. Sun, and S. Kawata, “Multi-shot interference approach for any kind of Bravais lattice,” Appl. Phys. B 93(1), 251–256 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tirinato, L.

F. De Angelis, F. Gentile, F. Mecarini, G. Das, M. Moretti, P. Candeloro, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, A. Accardo, C. Liberale, R. Proietti Zaccaria, G. Perozziello, L. Tirinato, A. Toma, G. Cuda, R. Cingolani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Breaking the diffusion limit with super hydrophobic delivery of few molecules to plasmonic nanofocusing structures,” Nat. Photonics (accepted for publication).

Toma, A.

F. De Angelis, F. Gentile, F. Mecarini, G. Das, M. Moretti, P. Candeloro, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, A. Accardo, C. Liberale, R. Proietti Zaccaria, G. Perozziello, L. Tirinato, A. Toma, G. Cuda, R. Cingolani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Breaking the diffusion limit with super hydrophobic delivery of few molecules to plasmonic nanofocusing structures,” Nat. Photonics (accepted for publication).

Turberfield, A. J.

A. J. Turberfield, M. Campbell, D. N. Sharp, M. T. Harrison, and R. G. Denning, “Fabrication of photonic crystals for the visible spectrum by holographic lithography,” Nature 404(6773), 53–56 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Urban, J. J.

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vecchi, G.

A. M. Malvezzi, G. Vecchi, M. Patrini, G. Guizzetti, L. C. Andreani, F. Romanato, L. Businaro, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Passaseo, and M. K. De Vittorio, “Resonant second-harmonic generation in a GaAs photonic crystal waveguide,” Phys. Rev. B 68(16), 161306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Malvezzi, F. Cattaneo, G. Vecchi, M. Falasconi, G. Guizzetti, L. C. Andreani, F. Romanato, L. Businaro, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Passaseo, and M. De Vittorio, “Second-harmonic generation in reflection and diffraction by a GaAs photonic-crystal waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(9), 2122 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Verma, P.

H. Zhao, R. Proietti Zaccaria, P. Verma, J. Song, and H. Sun, “Single-mode operation regime for 12-fold index-guiding quasicrystal optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 100(3), 499–503 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Saito and P. Verma, “Imaging and spectroscopy through plasmonic nano-probe,” Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. 46(2), 20101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Proietti Zaccaria, P. Verma, S. Kawaguchi, S. Shoji, and S. Kawata, “Manipulating full photonic band gaps in two dimensional birefringent photonic crystals,” Opt. Express 16(19), 14812–14820 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weber-Bargioni, A.

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wood, R. W.

R. W. Wood, “On a remarkable case of uneven distribution of light in a diffraction grating spectrum,” Philos. Mag. 4, 396 (1902).

Xu, Z.

Zhao, H.

H. Zhao, R. Proietti Zaccaria, P. Verma, J. Song, and H. Sun, “Single-mode operation regime for 12-fold index-guiding quasicrystal optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 100(3), 499–503 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, X.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

R. Proietti Zaccaria, S. Shoji, H. B. Sun, and S. Kawata, “Multi-shot interference approach for any kind of Bravais lattice,” Appl. Phys. B 93(1), 251–256 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhao, R. Proietti Zaccaria, P. Verma, J. Song, and H. Sun, “Single-mode operation regime for 12-fold index-guiding quasicrystal optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 100(3), 499–503 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Biosens. Bioelectron. (1)

G. Das, F. Mecarini, F. Gentile, F. De Angelis, H. Mohan Kumar, P. Candeloro, C. Liberale, G. Cuda, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nano-patterned SERS substrate: application for protein analysis vs. temperature,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 24(6), 1693–1699 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Saito and P. Verma, “Imaging and spectroscopy through plasmonic nano-probe,” Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. 46(2), 20101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. B (1)

M. Galli, M. Agio, L. C. Andreani, L. Atzeni, D. Bajoni, G. Guizzetti, L. Businaro, E. Di Fabrizio, F. Romanato, and A. Passaseo, “Optical properties and photonic bands of GaAs photonic crystal waveguides with tilted square lattice,” Eur. Phys. J. B 27(1), 79–87 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. J. Babadjanyan, N. L. Margaryan, and Kh. V. Nerkararyan, “Superfocusing of surface polaritons in the conical structure,” J. Appl. Phys. 87(8), 3785 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

J. F. Song and R. Proietti Zaccaria, “Manipulation of light transmission through sub-wavelength hole array,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 9(9), S450–S457 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Microelectron. Eng. (1)

S. Cabrini, A. Carpentiero, R. Kumar, L. Businaro, P. Candeloro, M. Prasciolu, A. Gosparini, C. Andreani, M. De Vittorio, T. Stomeo, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Focused ion beam lithography for two dimensional array structures for photonic applications,” Microelectron. Eng. 78–79, 11–15 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (5)

F. De Angelis, M. Patrini, G. Das, I. Maksymov, M. Galli, L. Businaro, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “A hybrid plasmonic-photonic nanodevice for label-free detection of a few molecules,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2321–2327 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. C. Lindquist, P. Nagpal, A. Lesuffleur, D. J. Norris, and S. H. Oh, “Three-dimensional plasmonic nanofocusing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1369–1373 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. C. Neacsu, S. Berweger, R. L. Olmon, L. V. Saraf, C. Ropers, and M. B. Raschke, “Near-field localization in plasmonic superfocusing: a nanoemitter on a tip,” Nano Lett. 10(2), 592–596 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Weber-Bargioni, A. Schwartzberg, M. Cornaglia, A. Ismach, J. J. Urban, Y. Pang, R. Gordon, J. Bokor, M. B. Salmeron, D. F. Ogletree, P. Ashby, S. Cabrini, and P. J. Schuck, “Hyperspectral nanoscale imaging on dielectric substrates with coaxial optical antenna scan probes,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1201–1207 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Barth, S. Schietinger, S. Fischer, J. Becker, N. Nüsse, T. Aichele, B. Löchel, C. Sönnichsen, and O. Benson, “Nanoassembled plasmonic-photonic hybrid cavity for tailored light-matter coupling,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nanoscale (1)

F. De Angelis, C. Liberale, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Emerging fabrication techniques for 3D nano-structuring in plasmonics and single molecule studies,” Nanoscale 3(7), 2689–2696 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

F. De Angelis, G. Das, P. Candeloro, M. Patrini, M. Galli, A. Bek, M. Lazzarino, I. Maksymov, C. Liberale, L. C. Andreani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Nanoscale chemical mapping using three-dimensional adiabatic compression of surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 5(1), 67–72 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

F. De Angelis, F. Gentile, F. Mecarini, G. Das, M. Moretti, P. Candeloro, M. L. Coluccio, G. Cojoc, A. Accardo, C. Liberale, R. Proietti Zaccaria, G. Perozziello, L. Tirinato, A. Toma, G. Cuda, R. Cingolani, and E. Di Fabrizio, “Breaking the diffusion limit with super hydrophobic delivery of few molecules to plasmonic nanofocusing structures,” Nat. Photonics (accepted for publication).

Nature (2)

S. Noda, A. Chutinan, and M. Imada, “Trapping and emission of photons by a single defect in a photonic bandgap structure,” Nature 407(6804), 608–610 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. J. Turberfield, M. Campbell, D. N. Sharp, M. T. Harrison, and R. G. Denning, “Fabrication of photonic crystals for the visible spectrum by holographic lithography,” Nature 404(6773), 53–56 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (4)

Philos. Mag. (1)

R. W. Wood, “On a remarkable case of uneven distribution of light in a diffraction grating spectrum,” Philos. Mag. 4, 396 (1902).

Phys. Rev. (1)

U. Fano, “Atomic theory of electromagnetic interactions in dense materials,” Phys. Rev. 103(5), 1202–1218 (1956).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

A. M. Malvezzi, G. Vecchi, M. Patrini, G. Guizzetti, L. C. Andreani, F. Romanato, L. Businaro, E. Di Fabrizio, A. Passaseo, and M. K. De Vittorio, “Resonant second-harmonic generation in a GaAs photonic crystal waveguide,” Phys. Rev. B 68(16), 161306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter (1)

S. Adachi, “Model dielectric constants of Si and Ge,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 38(18), 12966–12976 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

M. I. Stockman, “Nanofocusing of optical energy in tapered plasmonic waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(13), 137404 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Naturf. (1)

E. Kretschmann and H. Raether, “Radiative decay of non-radiative surface plasmons excited by light,” Z. Naturf. 23A, 2135–2136 (1968).

Z. Phys. (1)

A. Otto, “Excitation of nonradiative surface plasma waves in silver by the method of frustrated total reflection,” Z. Phys. 216(4), 398–410 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

C. S. T. Microwave Studio, 2010, www.cst.com .

Lumerical Solutions, www.lumerical.com .

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Calculated electric field amplitude of an ideal silver nanocone when radially (A, B, and E) and linearly (C, D, and F) polarized laser beams are employed (λ = 633 nm). The cone is 2.5 μm long with 150 nm base radius. The corresponding electric and magnetic field vectors are also calculated in the XY plane starting from Z = 2000nm. (A), (C). Amplitude of Ex component of the electric field showing the progressive reduction of the effective wavelength in A (adiabatic compression) and constant wavelength in B (no compression). Red and blue colors represent the phase of the field. (B), (D). Field lines of the total electric field are reported. (E), (F). Plot of the surface electric field along the nanocone CST package was used with a resolution at the apex of 0.3 nm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated electric field intensity for a real silver nanocone (radius of curvature 5 nm, λ = 633 nm) interacting with a dielectric (n = 1.5, gap 0.5 nm) when radially polarized source is employed. (A). Overall device including silicon nitride cantilever (n = 2.0327 + i 0.0118 [20]). (B). Detail of intensity map at the tip end. (C). Electric field intensity induced by the tip on to the substrate. Black arrows are added to show the direction of the electric field: intensity distribution and direction correspond to the same radial polarization used to excite plasmons at the cone base. It is interesting to notice how the 0.5nm mesh utilized in Fig. 2(A) produces two hot spots close to the tip end which are removed by the finer 0.2nm mesh of Fig. 2(B). FDTD Lumerical package was used.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Electric field intensity for three different devices illuminated with linearly polarized laser beam (λ = 633 nm). On the left, the sketch of the setup. (A). tilted laser beam (40°). The vectorial representations of both electric and magnetic fields are calculated at z = 0 nm (base of the cone) and z = 1900 nm (100 nm from the tip end). Notice how the vectorial field becomes TM0 in the vicinity of the cone apex. (B). A phase shifter step patterned on the silicon nitride cantilever (315 nm thick. The total cantilever thickness is 500 nm) induces an optimal phase shift that enables a TM0-like mode. (C). A silicon based photonic crystal cavity L3 is used to couple the incident linearly polarized laser beam (with a tilt angle°) with the nanocone. Both FDTD Lumerical and CST packages were used.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Calculated electric field intensity for a real nanocone (same as in Fig. 2) when a micro zone plate (λ = 633 nm, focal length 1 μm) is used to focus the laser beam on the nanocone base. FDTD Lumerical software was used.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Electric field amplitudes with respect to the wavelength for all the considered devices. C_RP: isolated nanocone, radial polarization. CT_LP: isolated nanocone, tilted linear polarization. CPS_LP: nanocone and phase shift step, linear polarization. CZP_RP: nanocone and zone plate, radial polarization. CPhCL3_LP: nanocone and photonic crystal cavity, tilted linear polarization.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Photonic crystal slab supporting radial modes at λ = 633 nm. (A) Total electric field at z = 162 nm (slab thickness). (B) Vectorial plot of the electric field at z = 162 nm. Its radial TM0 structure is well evidenced by the figure. (C) Full SPP propagation and field calculation for a silver nanocone on H1 radial cavity. Notice that in this case the field has a pure TM0 structure, both at the base of the cone where the SPP is launched, and at the apex proximity (dashed line at top of (C)). CST package was used.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Example of nanocone and cavities fabricated on AFM cantilever. (A) isolated cone on AFM Si3N4 cantilever 100 nm thick. (B) nanocone on L3 cavity fabricated on AFM Si3N4 cantilever 100 nm thick. (C) H1 cavity on AFM Si Cantilever 1 micron thick.

Metrics