Abstract

The dependence of propagation performance on the signal baud-rate is investigated by simulations for WDM PDM-16QAM systems operating at a spectral efficiency of 4 b/s/Hz. We take into account the case of transmission over uncompensated links, both for standard single-mode fiber and non-zero dispersion-shifted fiber. Three baud-rates are tested: 16.25, 32.5 and 65 Gbaud, including overhead for soft-decision FEC. Hence, we compare the performance limited by the nonlinear impairments in case of 100, 200 and 400 Gb/s data rate transmission, respectively. We demonstrate that the trade-off between higher OSNR margin and nonlinear transmission penalty favors transmission at lower baud-rate (16.25 Gbaud) and narrower channel spacing (25 GHz), among the three different simulated baud-rates.

© 2011 OSA

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2011 (2)

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, V. Miot, and F. Forghieri, “Performance dependence on channel baud-rate of PM-QPSK systems over uncompensated links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(1), 15–17 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Behrens, R. I. Killey, S. J. Savory, M. Chen, and P. Bayvel, “Nonlinear transmission performance of higher-order modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(6), 377–379 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (6)

K. Onohara, T. Sugihara, Y. Konishi, Y. Miyata, T. Inoue, S. Kametani, K. Sugihara, K. Kubo, H. Yoshida, and T. Mizuochi, “Soft-decision-based forward error correction for 100 Gb/s transport systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1258–1267 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R.-J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, and B. Goebel, “Capacity limits of optical fiber networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(4), 662–701 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, A. Carena, and F. Forghieri, “Performance analysis of coherent 222-Gb/s NRZ PM-16QAM WDM systems over long-haul links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(5), 266–268 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, C. R. Doerr, M. Magarini, and L. L. Buhl, “Spectrally efficient long-haul optical networking using 112-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed 16-QAM,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(4), 547–556 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Gavioli, E. Torrengo, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, V. Miot, P. Poggiolini, F. Forghieri, S. J. Savory, L. Molle, and R. Freund, “NRZ-PM-QPSK 16x100 Gb/s transmission over installed fiber with different dispersion maps,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 371–373 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Fatadin, D. Ives, and S. J. Savory, “Laser linewidth tolerance for 16-QAM coherent optical systems using QPSK partitioning,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(9), 631–633 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

D. McGhan, C. Laperle, A. Savchenko, C. Li, G. Mak, and M. O'Sullivan, “5120-km RZ-DPSK transmission over G.652 fiber at 10 Gb/s without optical dispersion compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(2), 400–402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

1993 (1)

N. A. D’Andrea and M. Luise, “Design and analysis of a jitter-free clock recovery scheme for QAM systems,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 41(9), 1296–1299 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Achouche, M.

Bayvel, P.

C. Behrens, R. I. Killey, S. J. Savory, M. Chen, and P. Bayvel, “Nonlinear transmission performance of higher-order modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(6), 377–379 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Savory, G. Gavioli, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Electronic compensation of chromatic dispersion using a digital coherent receiver,” Opt. Express 15(5), 2120–2126 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-5-2120 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Behrens, C.

C. Behrens, R. I. Killey, S. J. Savory, M. Chen, and P. Bayvel, “Nonlinear transmission performance of higher-order modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(6), 377–379 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bigo, S.

Blache, F.

Bosco, G.

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, V. Miot, and F. Forghieri, “Performance dependence on channel baud-rate of PM-QPSK systems over uncompensated links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(1), 15–17 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Gavioli, E. Torrengo, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, V. Miot, P. Poggiolini, F. Forghieri, S. J. Savory, L. Molle, and R. Freund, “NRZ-PM-QPSK 16x100 Gb/s transmission over installed fiber with different dispersion maps,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 371–373 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Boutin, A.

Buhl, L. L.

Carena, A.

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, V. Miot, and F. Forghieri, “Performance dependence on channel baud-rate of PM-QPSK systems over uncompensated links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(1), 15–17 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, A. Carena, and F. Forghieri, “Performance analysis of coherent 222-Gb/s NRZ PM-16QAM WDM systems over long-haul links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(5), 266–268 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Gavioli, E. Torrengo, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, V. Miot, P. Poggiolini, F. Forghieri, S. J. Savory, L. Molle, and R. Freund, “NRZ-PM-QPSK 16x100 Gb/s transmission over installed fiber with different dispersion maps,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 371–373 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Charlet, G.

Chen, M.

C. Behrens, R. I. Killey, S. J. Savory, M. Chen, and P. Bayvel, “Nonlinear transmission performance of higher-order modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(6), 377–379 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Curri, V.

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, V. Miot, and F. Forghieri, “Performance dependence on channel baud-rate of PM-QPSK systems over uncompensated links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(1), 15–17 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Gavioli, E. Torrengo, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, V. Miot, P. Poggiolini, F. Forghieri, S. J. Savory, L. Molle, and R. Freund, “NRZ-PM-QPSK 16x100 Gb/s transmission over installed fiber with different dispersion maps,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 371–373 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, A. Carena, and F. Forghieri, “Performance analysis of coherent 222-Gb/s NRZ PM-16QAM WDM systems over long-haul links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(5), 266–268 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D’Andrea, N. A.

N. A. D’Andrea and M. Luise, “Design and analysis of a jitter-free clock recovery scheme for QAM systems,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 41(9), 1296–1299 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Djordjevic, I. B.

Doerr, C. R.

Dupuy, J.-Y.

Essiambre, R.-J.

Fatadin, I.

I. Fatadin, D. Ives, and S. J. Savory, “Laser linewidth tolerance for 16-QAM coherent optical systems using QPSK partitioning,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(9), 631–633 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Forghieri, F.

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, V. Miot, and F. Forghieri, “Performance dependence on channel baud-rate of PM-QPSK systems over uncompensated links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(1), 15–17 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, A. Carena, and F. Forghieri, “Performance analysis of coherent 222-Gb/s NRZ PM-16QAM WDM systems over long-haul links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(5), 266–268 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Gavioli, E. Torrengo, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, V. Miot, P. Poggiolini, F. Forghieri, S. J. Savory, L. Molle, and R. Freund, “NRZ-PM-QPSK 16x100 Gb/s transmission over installed fiber with different dispersion maps,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 371–373 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Foschini, G. J.

Freund, R.

G. Gavioli, E. Torrengo, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, V. Miot, P. Poggiolini, F. Forghieri, S. J. Savory, L. Molle, and R. Freund, “NRZ-PM-QPSK 16x100 Gb/s transmission over installed fiber with different dispersion maps,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 371–373 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gavioli, G.

G. Gavioli, E. Torrengo, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, V. Miot, P. Poggiolini, F. Forghieri, S. J. Savory, L. Molle, and R. Freund, “NRZ-PM-QPSK 16x100 Gb/s transmission over installed fiber with different dispersion maps,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 371–373 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Savory, G. Gavioli, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Electronic compensation of chromatic dispersion using a digital coherent receiver,” Opt. Express 15(5), 2120–2126 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-5-2120 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gnauck, A. H.

Goebel, B.

Inoue, T.

K. Onohara, T. Sugihara, Y. Konishi, Y. Miyata, T. Inoue, S. Kametani, K. Sugihara, K. Kubo, H. Yoshida, and T. Mizuochi, “Soft-decision-based forward error correction for 100 Gb/s transport systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1258–1267 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ives, D.

I. Fatadin, D. Ives, and S. J. Savory, “Laser linewidth tolerance for 16-QAM coherent optical systems using QPSK partitioning,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(9), 631–633 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kametani, S.

K. Onohara, T. Sugihara, Y. Konishi, Y. Miyata, T. Inoue, S. Kametani, K. Sugihara, K. Kubo, H. Yoshida, and T. Mizuochi, “Soft-decision-based forward error correction for 100 Gb/s transport systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1258–1267 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Killey, R. I.

C. Behrens, R. I. Killey, S. J. Savory, M. Chen, and P. Bayvel, “Nonlinear transmission performance of higher-order modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(6), 377–379 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Savory, G. Gavioli, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Electronic compensation of chromatic dispersion using a digital coherent receiver,” Opt. Express 15(5), 2120–2126 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-5-2120 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Konishi, Y.

K. Onohara, T. Sugihara, Y. Konishi, Y. Miyata, T. Inoue, S. Kametani, K. Sugihara, K. Kubo, H. Yoshida, and T. Mizuochi, “Soft-decision-based forward error correction for 100 Gb/s transport systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1258–1267 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kramer, G.

Kubo, K.

K. Onohara, T. Sugihara, Y. Konishi, Y. Miyata, T. Inoue, S. Kametani, K. Sugihara, K. Kubo, H. Yoshida, and T. Mizuochi, “Soft-decision-based forward error correction for 100 Gb/s transport systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1258–1267 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Laperle, C.

D. McGhan, C. Laperle, A. Savchenko, C. Li, G. Mak, and M. O'Sullivan, “5120-km RZ-DPSK transmission over G.652 fiber at 10 Gb/s without optical dispersion compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(2), 400–402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, C.

D. McGhan, C. Laperle, A. Savchenko, C. Li, G. Mak, and M. O'Sullivan, “5120-km RZ-DPSK transmission over G.652 fiber at 10 Gb/s without optical dispersion compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(2), 400–402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Luise, M.

N. A. D’Andrea and M. Luise, “Design and analysis of a jitter-free clock recovery scheme for QAM systems,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 41(9), 1296–1299 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Magarini, M.

Mak, G.

D. McGhan, C. Laperle, A. Savchenko, C. Li, G. Mak, and M. O'Sullivan, “5120-km RZ-DPSK transmission over G.652 fiber at 10 Gb/s without optical dispersion compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(2), 400–402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mardoyan, H.

McGhan, D.

D. McGhan, C. Laperle, A. Savchenko, C. Li, G. Mak, and M. O'Sullivan, “5120-km RZ-DPSK transmission over G.652 fiber at 10 Gb/s without optical dispersion compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(2), 400–402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Milenkovic, O.

Miot, V.

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, V. Miot, and F. Forghieri, “Performance dependence on channel baud-rate of PM-QPSK systems over uncompensated links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(1), 15–17 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Gavioli, E. Torrengo, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, V. Miot, P. Poggiolini, F. Forghieri, S. J. Savory, L. Molle, and R. Freund, “NRZ-PM-QPSK 16x100 Gb/s transmission over installed fiber with different dispersion maps,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 371–373 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Miyata, Y.

K. Onohara, T. Sugihara, Y. Konishi, Y. Miyata, T. Inoue, S. Kametani, K. Sugihara, K. Kubo, H. Yoshida, and T. Mizuochi, “Soft-decision-based forward error correction for 100 Gb/s transport systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1258–1267 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mizuochi, T.

K. Onohara, T. Sugihara, Y. Konishi, Y. Miyata, T. Inoue, S. Kametani, K. Sugihara, K. Kubo, H. Yoshida, and T. Mizuochi, “Soft-decision-based forward error correction for 100 Gb/s transport systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1258–1267 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Molle, L.

G. Gavioli, E. Torrengo, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, V. Miot, P. Poggiolini, F. Forghieri, S. J. Savory, L. Molle, and R. Freund, “NRZ-PM-QPSK 16x100 Gb/s transmission over installed fiber with different dispersion maps,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 371–373 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Onohara, K.

K. Onohara, T. Sugihara, Y. Konishi, Y. Miyata, T. Inoue, S. Kametani, K. Sugihara, K. Kubo, H. Yoshida, and T. Mizuochi, “Soft-decision-based forward error correction for 100 Gb/s transport systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1258–1267 (2010).
[CrossRef]

O'Sullivan, M.

D. McGhan, C. Laperle, A. Savchenko, C. Li, G. Mak, and M. O'Sullivan, “5120-km RZ-DPSK transmission over G.652 fiber at 10 Gb/s without optical dispersion compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(2), 400–402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pardo, O. B.

Poggiolini, P.

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, V. Miot, and F. Forghieri, “Performance dependence on channel baud-rate of PM-QPSK systems over uncompensated links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(1), 15–17 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Gavioli, E. Torrengo, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, V. Miot, P. Poggiolini, F. Forghieri, S. J. Savory, L. Molle, and R. Freund, “NRZ-PM-QPSK 16x100 Gb/s transmission over installed fiber with different dispersion maps,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 371–373 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. Curri, P. Poggiolini, A. Carena, and F. Forghieri, “Performance analysis of coherent 222-Gb/s NRZ PM-16QAM WDM systems over long-haul links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(5), 266–268 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Renaudier, J.

Savchenko, A.

D. McGhan, C. Laperle, A. Savchenko, C. Li, G. Mak, and M. O'Sullivan, “5120-km RZ-DPSK transmission over G.652 fiber at 10 Gb/s without optical dispersion compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(2), 400–402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Savory, S. J.

C. Behrens, R. I. Killey, S. J. Savory, M. Chen, and P. Bayvel, “Nonlinear transmission performance of higher-order modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(6), 377–379 (2011).
[CrossRef]

I. Fatadin, D. Ives, and S. J. Savory, “Laser linewidth tolerance for 16-QAM coherent optical systems using QPSK partitioning,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(9), 631–633 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Gavioli, E. Torrengo, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, V. Miot, P. Poggiolini, F. Forghieri, S. J. Savory, L. Molle, and R. Freund, “NRZ-PM-QPSK 16x100 Gb/s transmission over installed fiber with different dispersion maps,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 371–373 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Savory, G. Gavioli, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Electronic compensation of chromatic dispersion using a digital coherent receiver,” Opt. Express 15(5), 2120–2126 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-5-2120 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sugihara, K.

K. Onohara, T. Sugihara, Y. Konishi, Y. Miyata, T. Inoue, S. Kametani, K. Sugihara, K. Kubo, H. Yoshida, and T. Mizuochi, “Soft-decision-based forward error correction for 100 Gb/s transport systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1258–1267 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sugihara, T.

K. Onohara, T. Sugihara, Y. Konishi, Y. Miyata, T. Inoue, S. Kametani, K. Sugihara, K. Kubo, H. Yoshida, and T. Mizuochi, “Soft-decision-based forward error correction for 100 Gb/s transport systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1258–1267 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Torrengo, E.

G. Gavioli, E. Torrengo, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, V. Miot, P. Poggiolini, F. Forghieri, S. J. Savory, L. Molle, and R. Freund, “NRZ-PM-QPSK 16x100 Gb/s transmission over installed fiber with different dispersion maps,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 371–373 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tran, P.

Vasic, B.

Verluise, F.

Winzer, P. J.

Yoshida, H.

K. Onohara, T. Sugihara, Y. Konishi, Y. Miyata, T. Inoue, S. Kametani, K. Sugihara, K. Kubo, H. Yoshida, and T. Mizuochi, “Soft-decision-based forward error correction for 100 Gb/s transport systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1258–1267 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Onohara, T. Sugihara, Y. Konishi, Y. Miyata, T. Inoue, S. Kametani, K. Sugihara, K. Kubo, H. Yoshida, and T. Mizuochi, “Soft-decision-based forward error correction for 100 Gb/s transport systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1258–1267 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (6)

D. McGhan, C. Laperle, A. Savchenko, C. Li, G. Mak, and M. O'Sullivan, “5120-km RZ-DPSK transmission over G.652 fiber at 10 Gb/s without optical dispersion compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(2), 400–402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Layout of the simulated system setup. WDM multiplexing/demultiplexing blocks are simulated as optical second-order super-Gaussian filters.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Q-factor as a function of the launch power per channel PTX in case of SSMF propagation over 600 km (dashed lines with open circles), 800 km (dashed curves with full squares) and 1000 km (full trinagles) for 16.25 (green), 32.5 (red) and 65 Gbaud (orange).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Q-factor as a function of the launch power per channel PTX in case of NZDSF propagation over 600 km (dashed lines with open circles), 800 km (dashed curves with full squares) and 1000 km (full trinagles) for 16.25 (green), 32.5 (red) and 65 Gbaud (orange).

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