Abstract

We extend the study on a four-wave mixing (FWM) scheme of contiuous-wave lasers in a hot rubidium vapor when the probe and coupling fields work in the electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) regime while the pump and signal fields work in the two-photon Raman regime. Our experimental results show that the generated signal field is well contained in an EIT dip of the incident probe field as a result of efficient FWM. We find, in particular, that an optimal FWM process can only be attained when the coupling and pump fields are well matched in intensity. If the probe intensity is far beyond the EIT condition, however, the nonlinear efficiency of energy transfer from the probe field to the signal field will be greatly reduced.

© 2011 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. E. Harris, “Electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Today 50, 36–42 (1997)
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Yan, E. G. Rickey, and Y. F. Zhu, “Observation of absorptive photon switching by quantum interference,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 041801(R) (2001)
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. A. Braje, V. Balic?, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Low-light-level nonlinear optics with slow light,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 041801(R) (2003)
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Kang and Y. F. Zhu, “Observation of large Kerr nonlinearity at low light intensities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 093601 (2003)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. Y. Li and M. Xiao, “Enhancement of nondegenerate four-wave mixing based on electromagnetically induced transparency in rubidium atoms,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1064–1066 (1996)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. J. Merriam, S. J. Sharpe, M. Shverdin, D. Manuszak, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Efficient nonlinear frequency conversion in an all-resonant double-? system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5308–5311 (2000)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. D. A. Braje, V. Bali?, S. Goda, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Frequency mixing using electromagnetically induced transparency in cold atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 183601 (2004)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. S. A. Babin, S. I. Kablukov, U. Hinze, E. Tiemann, and B. Wellegehausen, “Level-splitting effects in resonant four-wave mixing,” Opt. Lett. 26, 81–83 (2000)
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. Kang, G. Hernandez, and Y. F. Zhu, “Resonant four-wave mixing with slow light,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 061804(R) (2004)
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Wu and X. X. Yang, “Highly efficient four-wave mixing in double-? system in ultraslow propagation regime,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 053818 (2004)
    [CrossRef]
  11. B. X. Fan, Z. L. Duan, L. Zhou, C. L. Yuan, Z. Y. Ou, and W. P. Zhang, “Generation of a single-photon source via a four-wave mixing process in a cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 063809 (2009)
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. M. Camacho, P. K. Vudyasetu, and J. C. Howell, “Four-wave-mixing stopped light in hot atomic rubidium vapour,” Nat. Photonics 3, 103–106 (2009)
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. C. Pooser, A. M. Marino, V. Boyer, K. M. Jones, and P. D. Lett, “Low-noise amplification of a continuous-variable quantum state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 010501 (2009)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. A. M. Marino, R. C. Pooser, V. Boyer, and P. D. Lett, “Tunable delay of Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen entanglement,” Nature 457, 859–862 (2009)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. Y. W. Lin, W. T. Liao, T. Peters, H. C. Chou, J. S. Wang, H. W. Cho, P. C. Kuan, and I. A. Yu, “Stationary light pulses in cold atomic media and without Bragg gratings,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 213601 (2009)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. J. Otterbach, R. G. Unanyan, and M. Fleischhauer, “Confining stationary light: Dirac dynamics and Klein tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 063602 (2009)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. J. Otterbach, J. Ruseckas, R. G. Unanyan, G. Juzeliunas, and M. Fleischhauer, “Effective magnetic fields for stationary light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 033903 (2010)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. G. Wang, Y. Xue, J. H. Wu, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, S. S. Liu, and J. Y. Gao, “Efficient frequency conversion induced by quantum constructive interference,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3778–3780 (2010)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. S. Babin, U. Hinze, E. Tiemann, and B. Wellegehausen, “Continuous resonant four-wave mixing in double-? level configurations of Na2,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1186–1188 (1996)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. B. L. Lü, W. H. Burkett, and Min Xiao, “Nondegenerate four-wave mixing in a double-? system under the influence of coherent population trapping,” Opt. Lett. 23, 804–806 (1998)
    [CrossRef]

2010

J. Otterbach, J. Ruseckas, R. G. Unanyan, G. Juzeliunas, and M. Fleischhauer, “Effective magnetic fields for stationary light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 033903 (2010)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Wang, Y. Xue, J. H. Wu, Z. H. Kang, Y. Jiang, S. S. Liu, and J. Y. Gao, “Efficient frequency conversion induced by quantum constructive interference,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3778–3780 (2010)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

B. X. Fan, Z. L. Duan, L. Zhou, C. L. Yuan, Z. Y. Ou, and W. P. Zhang, “Generation of a single-photon source via a four-wave mixing process in a cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 063809 (2009)
[CrossRef]

R. M. Camacho, P. K. Vudyasetu, and J. C. Howell, “Four-wave-mixing stopped light in hot atomic rubidium vapour,” Nat. Photonics 3, 103–106 (2009)
[CrossRef]

R. C. Pooser, A. M. Marino, V. Boyer, K. M. Jones, and P. D. Lett, “Low-noise amplification of a continuous-variable quantum state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 010501 (2009)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Marino, R. C. Pooser, V. Boyer, and P. D. Lett, “Tunable delay of Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen entanglement,” Nature 457, 859–862 (2009)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. W. Lin, W. T. Liao, T. Peters, H. C. Chou, J. S. Wang, H. W. Cho, P. C. Kuan, and I. A. Yu, “Stationary light pulses in cold atomic media and without Bragg gratings,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 213601 (2009)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Otterbach, R. G. Unanyan, and M. Fleischhauer, “Confining stationary light: Dirac dynamics and Klein tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 063602 (2009)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

D. A. Braje, V. Bali?, S. Goda, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Frequency mixing using electromagnetically induced transparency in cold atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 183601 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Kang, G. Hernandez, and Y. F. Zhu, “Resonant four-wave mixing with slow light,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 061804(R) (2004)
[CrossRef]

Y. Wu and X. X. Yang, “Highly efficient four-wave mixing in double-? system in ultraslow propagation regime,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 053818 (2004)
[CrossRef]

2003

D. A. Braje, V. Balic?, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Low-light-level nonlinear optics with slow light,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 041801(R) (2003)
[CrossRef]

H. Kang and Y. F. Zhu, “Observation of large Kerr nonlinearity at low light intensities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 093601 (2003)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

M. Yan, E. G. Rickey, and Y. F. Zhu, “Observation of absorptive photon switching by quantum interference,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 041801(R) (2001)
[CrossRef]

2000

S. A. Babin, S. I. Kablukov, U. Hinze, E. Tiemann, and B. Wellegehausen, “Level-splitting effects in resonant four-wave mixing,” Opt. Lett. 26, 81–83 (2000)
[CrossRef]

A. J. Merriam, S. J. Sharpe, M. Shverdin, D. Manuszak, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Efficient nonlinear frequency conversion in an all-resonant double-? system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5308–5311 (2000)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998

1997

S. E. Harris, “Electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Today 50, 36–42 (1997)
[CrossRef]

1996

Babin, S.

Babin, S. A.

Balic, V.

D. A. Braje, V. Bali?, S. Goda, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Frequency mixing using electromagnetically induced transparency in cold atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 183601 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Balic¨, V.

D. A. Braje, V. Balic?, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Low-light-level nonlinear optics with slow light,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 041801(R) (2003)
[CrossRef]

Boyer, V.

R. C. Pooser, A. M. Marino, V. Boyer, K. M. Jones, and P. D. Lett, “Low-noise amplification of a continuous-variable quantum state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 010501 (2009)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Marino, R. C. Pooser, V. Boyer, and P. D. Lett, “Tunable delay of Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen entanglement,” Nature 457, 859–862 (2009)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Braje, D. A.

D. A. Braje, V. Bali?, S. Goda, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Frequency mixing using electromagnetically induced transparency in cold atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 183601 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Braje, V. Balic?, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Low-light-level nonlinear optics with slow light,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 041801(R) (2003)
[CrossRef]

Burkett, W. H.

Camacho, R. M.

R. M. Camacho, P. K. Vudyasetu, and J. C. Howell, “Four-wave-mixing stopped light in hot atomic rubidium vapour,” Nat. Photonics 3, 103–106 (2009)
[CrossRef]

Cho, H. W.

Y. W. Lin, W. T. Liao, T. Peters, H. C. Chou, J. S. Wang, H. W. Cho, P. C. Kuan, and I. A. Yu, “Stationary light pulses in cold atomic media and without Bragg gratings,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 213601 (2009)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chou, H. C.

Y. W. Lin, W. T. Liao, T. Peters, H. C. Chou, J. S. Wang, H. W. Cho, P. C. Kuan, and I. A. Yu, “Stationary light pulses in cold atomic media and without Bragg gratings,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 213601 (2009)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duan, Z. L.

B. X. Fan, Z. L. Duan, L. Zhou, C. L. Yuan, Z. Y. Ou, and W. P. Zhang, “Generation of a single-photon source via a four-wave mixing process in a cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 063809 (2009)
[CrossRef]

Fan, B. X.

B. X. Fan, Z. L. Duan, L. Zhou, C. L. Yuan, Z. Y. Ou, and W. P. Zhang, “Generation of a single-photon source via a four-wave mixing process in a cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 063809 (2009)
[CrossRef]

Fleischhauer, M.

J. Otterbach, J. Ruseckas, R. G. Unanyan, G. Juzeliunas, and M. Fleischhauer, “Effective magnetic fields for stationary light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 033903 (2010)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Otterbach, R. G. Unanyan, and M. Fleischhauer, “Confining stationary light: Dirac dynamics and Klein tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 063602 (2009)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gao, J. Y.

Goda, S.

D. A. Braje, V. Bali?, S. Goda, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Frequency mixing using electromagnetically induced transparency in cold atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 183601 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harris, S. E.

D. A. Braje, V. Bali?, S. Goda, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Frequency mixing using electromagnetically induced transparency in cold atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 183601 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Braje, V. Balic?, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Low-light-level nonlinear optics with slow light,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 041801(R) (2003)
[CrossRef]

A. J. Merriam, S. J. Sharpe, M. Shverdin, D. Manuszak, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Efficient nonlinear frequency conversion in an all-resonant double-? system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5308–5311 (2000)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. E. Harris, “Electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Today 50, 36–42 (1997)
[CrossRef]

Hernandez, G.

H. Kang, G. Hernandez, and Y. F. Zhu, “Resonant four-wave mixing with slow light,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 061804(R) (2004)
[CrossRef]

Hinze, U.

Howell, J. C.

R. M. Camacho, P. K. Vudyasetu, and J. C. Howell, “Four-wave-mixing stopped light in hot atomic rubidium vapour,” Nat. Photonics 3, 103–106 (2009)
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Y.

Jones, K. M.

R. C. Pooser, A. M. Marino, V. Boyer, K. M. Jones, and P. D. Lett, “Low-noise amplification of a continuous-variable quantum state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 010501 (2009)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Juzeliunas, G.

J. Otterbach, J. Ruseckas, R. G. Unanyan, G. Juzeliunas, and M. Fleischhauer, “Effective magnetic fields for stationary light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 033903 (2010)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kablukov, S. I.

Kang, H.

H. Kang, G. Hernandez, and Y. F. Zhu, “Resonant four-wave mixing with slow light,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 061804(R) (2004)
[CrossRef]

H. Kang and Y. F. Zhu, “Observation of large Kerr nonlinearity at low light intensities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 093601 (2003)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kang, Z. H.

Kuan, P. C.

Y. W. Lin, W. T. Liao, T. Peters, H. C. Chou, J. S. Wang, H. W. Cho, P. C. Kuan, and I. A. Yu, “Stationary light pulses in cold atomic media and without Bragg gratings,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 213601 (2009)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lett, P. D.

R. C. Pooser, A. M. Marino, V. Boyer, K. M. Jones, and P. D. Lett, “Low-noise amplification of a continuous-variable quantum state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 010501 (2009)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Marino, R. C. Pooser, V. Boyer, and P. D. Lett, “Tunable delay of Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen entanglement,” Nature 457, 859–862 (2009)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

Liao, W. T.

Y. W. Lin, W. T. Liao, T. Peters, H. C. Chou, J. S. Wang, H. W. Cho, P. C. Kuan, and I. A. Yu, “Stationary light pulses in cold atomic media and without Bragg gratings,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 213601 (2009)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, Y. W.

Y. W. Lin, W. T. Liao, T. Peters, H. C. Chou, J. S. Wang, H. W. Cho, P. C. Kuan, and I. A. Yu, “Stationary light pulses in cold atomic media and without Bragg gratings,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 213601 (2009)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, S. S.

Lü, B. L.

Manuszak, D.

A. J. Merriam, S. J. Sharpe, M. Shverdin, D. Manuszak, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Efficient nonlinear frequency conversion in an all-resonant double-? system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5308–5311 (2000)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marino, A. M.

A. M. Marino, R. C. Pooser, V. Boyer, and P. D. Lett, “Tunable delay of Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen entanglement,” Nature 457, 859–862 (2009)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. C. Pooser, A. M. Marino, V. Boyer, K. M. Jones, and P. D. Lett, “Low-noise amplification of a continuous-variable quantum state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 010501 (2009)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Merriam, A. J.

A. J. Merriam, S. J. Sharpe, M. Shverdin, D. Manuszak, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Efficient nonlinear frequency conversion in an all-resonant double-? system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5308–5311 (2000)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Otterbach, J.

J. Otterbach, J. Ruseckas, R. G. Unanyan, G. Juzeliunas, and M. Fleischhauer, “Effective magnetic fields for stationary light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 033903 (2010)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Otterbach, R. G. Unanyan, and M. Fleischhauer, “Confining stationary light: Dirac dynamics and Klein tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 063602 (2009)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ou, Z. Y.

B. X. Fan, Z. L. Duan, L. Zhou, C. L. Yuan, Z. Y. Ou, and W. P. Zhang, “Generation of a single-photon source via a four-wave mixing process in a cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 063809 (2009)
[CrossRef]

Peters, T.

Y. W. Lin, W. T. Liao, T. Peters, H. C. Chou, J. S. Wang, H. W. Cho, P. C. Kuan, and I. A. Yu, “Stationary light pulses in cold atomic media and without Bragg gratings,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 213601 (2009)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pooser, R. C.

A. M. Marino, R. C. Pooser, V. Boyer, and P. D. Lett, “Tunable delay of Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen entanglement,” Nature 457, 859–862 (2009)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. C. Pooser, A. M. Marino, V. Boyer, K. M. Jones, and P. D. Lett, “Low-noise amplification of a continuous-variable quantum state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 010501 (2009)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rickey, E. G.

M. Yan, E. G. Rickey, and Y. F. Zhu, “Observation of absorptive photon switching by quantum interference,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 041801(R) (2001)
[CrossRef]

Ruseckas, J.

J. Otterbach, J. Ruseckas, R. G. Unanyan, G. Juzeliunas, and M. Fleischhauer, “Effective magnetic fields for stationary light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 033903 (2010)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sharpe, S. J.

A. J. Merriam, S. J. Sharpe, M. Shverdin, D. Manuszak, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Efficient nonlinear frequency conversion in an all-resonant double-? system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5308–5311 (2000)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shverdin, M.

A. J. Merriam, S. J. Sharpe, M. Shverdin, D. Manuszak, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Efficient nonlinear frequency conversion in an all-resonant double-? system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5308–5311 (2000)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tiemann, E.

Unanyan, R. G.

J. Otterbach, J. Ruseckas, R. G. Unanyan, G. Juzeliunas, and M. Fleischhauer, “Effective magnetic fields for stationary light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 033903 (2010)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Otterbach, R. G. Unanyan, and M. Fleischhauer, “Confining stationary light: Dirac dynamics and Klein tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 063602 (2009)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vudyasetu, P. K.

R. M. Camacho, P. K. Vudyasetu, and J. C. Howell, “Four-wave-mixing stopped light in hot atomic rubidium vapour,” Nat. Photonics 3, 103–106 (2009)
[CrossRef]

Wang, G.

Wang, J. S.

Y. W. Lin, W. T. Liao, T. Peters, H. C. Chou, J. S. Wang, H. W. Cho, P. C. Kuan, and I. A. Yu, “Stationary light pulses in cold atomic media and without Bragg gratings,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 213601 (2009)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wellegehausen, B.

Wu, J. H.

Wu, Y.

Y. Wu and X. X. Yang, “Highly efficient four-wave mixing in double-? system in ultraslow propagation regime,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 053818 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Xiao, M.

Xiao, Min

Xue, Y.

Yan, M.

M. Yan, E. G. Rickey, and Y. F. Zhu, “Observation of absorptive photon switching by quantum interference,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 041801(R) (2001)
[CrossRef]

Yang, X. X.

Y. Wu and X. X. Yang, “Highly efficient four-wave mixing in double-? system in ultraslow propagation regime,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 053818 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Yin, G. Y.

D. A. Braje, V. Bali?, S. Goda, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Frequency mixing using electromagnetically induced transparency in cold atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 183601 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Braje, V. Balic?, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Low-light-level nonlinear optics with slow light,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 041801(R) (2003)
[CrossRef]

A. J. Merriam, S. J. Sharpe, M. Shverdin, D. Manuszak, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Efficient nonlinear frequency conversion in an all-resonant double-? system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5308–5311 (2000)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, I. A.

Y. W. Lin, W. T. Liao, T. Peters, H. C. Chou, J. S. Wang, H. W. Cho, P. C. Kuan, and I. A. Yu, “Stationary light pulses in cold atomic media and without Bragg gratings,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 213601 (2009)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yuan, C. L.

B. X. Fan, Z. L. Duan, L. Zhou, C. L. Yuan, Z. Y. Ou, and W. P. Zhang, “Generation of a single-photon source via a four-wave mixing process in a cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 063809 (2009)
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W. P.

B. X. Fan, Z. L. Duan, L. Zhou, C. L. Yuan, Z. Y. Ou, and W. P. Zhang, “Generation of a single-photon source via a four-wave mixing process in a cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 063809 (2009)
[CrossRef]

Zhou, L.

B. X. Fan, Z. L. Duan, L. Zhou, C. L. Yuan, Z. Y. Ou, and W. P. Zhang, “Generation of a single-photon source via a four-wave mixing process in a cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 063809 (2009)
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y. F.

H. Kang, G. Hernandez, and Y. F. Zhu, “Resonant four-wave mixing with slow light,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 061804(R) (2004)
[CrossRef]

H. Kang and Y. F. Zhu, “Observation of large Kerr nonlinearity at low light intensities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 093601 (2003)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Yan, E. G. Rickey, and Y. F. Zhu, “Observation of absorptive photon switching by quantum interference,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 041801(R) (2001)
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

R. M. Camacho, P. K. Vudyasetu, and J. C. Howell, “Four-wave-mixing stopped light in hot atomic rubidium vapour,” Nat. Photonics 3, 103–106 (2009)
[CrossRef]

Nature

A. M. Marino, R. C. Pooser, V. Boyer, and P. D. Lett, “Tunable delay of Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen entanglement,” Nature 457, 859–862 (2009)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

H. Kang, G. Hernandez, and Y. F. Zhu, “Resonant four-wave mixing with slow light,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 061804(R) (2004)
[CrossRef]

Y. Wu and X. X. Yang, “Highly efficient four-wave mixing in double-? system in ultraslow propagation regime,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 053818 (2004)
[CrossRef]

B. X. Fan, Z. L. Duan, L. Zhou, C. L. Yuan, Z. Y. Ou, and W. P. Zhang, “Generation of a single-photon source via a four-wave mixing process in a cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 063809 (2009)
[CrossRef]

M. Yan, E. G. Rickey, and Y. F. Zhu, “Observation of absorptive photon switching by quantum interference,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 041801(R) (2001)
[CrossRef]

D. A. Braje, V. Balic?, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Low-light-level nonlinear optics with slow light,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 041801(R) (2003)
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

H. Kang and Y. F. Zhu, “Observation of large Kerr nonlinearity at low light intensities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 093601 (2003)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. J. Merriam, S. J. Sharpe, M. Shverdin, D. Manuszak, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Efficient nonlinear frequency conversion in an all-resonant double-? system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5308–5311 (2000)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Braje, V. Bali?, S. Goda, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Frequency mixing using electromagnetically induced transparency in cold atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 183601 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. C. Pooser, A. M. Marino, V. Boyer, K. M. Jones, and P. D. Lett, “Low-noise amplification of a continuous-variable quantum state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 010501 (2009)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. W. Lin, W. T. Liao, T. Peters, H. C. Chou, J. S. Wang, H. W. Cho, P. C. Kuan, and I. A. Yu, “Stationary light pulses in cold atomic media and without Bragg gratings,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 213601 (2009)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Otterbach, R. G. Unanyan, and M. Fleischhauer, “Confining stationary light: Dirac dynamics and Klein tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 063602 (2009)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Otterbach, J. Ruseckas, R. G. Unanyan, G. Juzeliunas, and M. Fleischhauer, “Effective magnetic fields for stationary light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 033903 (2010)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Today

S. E. Harris, “Electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Today 50, 36–42 (1997)
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Diagram of a four-level double-Λ system of 87Rb atoms. The coupling field Ω1 and the probe field Ωp are near resonant with their driving transitions |1〈 ↔ |3〉 and |2〈 ↔ |3〉, respectively. The pump field Ω2 and the signal field Ωs are far detuned from their driving transitions |2〈 ↔ |4〉 and |1〈 ↔ |4〉, respectively. (b) Diagram of an experimental setup for achieving coherently enhanced four-wave mixing. EOM1 and EOM2: electro-optical modulators; BS: beam splitter; λ/2: half-wave plate; PBS1 and PBS2: polarization beam splitters; G1 and G2: gratings; D1 and D2: photodiodes.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Probe absorption (a) and signal intensity (b) vs. probe detuning. The black curves are measured in the absence of the pump field while the red curves are attained with I2 = 46mW/cm2 and Δ2 = −400MHz. Other parameters for the probe and coupling fields are Ip = 1.2mW/cm2, I1 = 62mW/cm2, and Δ1 = 0.0MHz.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Signal intensity vs. coupling intensity for four different values of pump intensity. Black, red, green, and blue curves (from top to bottom) correspond to I2 = 154mW/cm2, 70mW/cm2, 53mW/cm2, and 39mW/cm2, respectively. The solid curves are guidelines for the experimental data. Other parameters are Ip = 1.68mW/cm2, Δp = Δ1 = 0.0MHz, and Δ2 = −400MHz.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Pump intensity (filled circles) vs. coupling intensity when the maximal signal intensity (open squares) is attained. The solid curves are guidelines for the experimental data. Other parameters are the same as in Fig. 3.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Signal intensity (filled circles) and FWM efficiency (open squares) as a function of probe intensity. The solid curves are guidelines for the experimental data. Other parameters are I1 = 170mW/cm2, I2 = 172mW/cm2, Δp = Δ1 = 0.0MHz, and Δ2 = −400MHz.

Metrics