Abstract

A multiwavelength widely tunable Brillouin optical comb with an enhanced reverse-S-shaped feedback coupling assisted by out-of-cavity optical amplifier is demonstrated. The enhancement is done by locating the amplifier and the Brillouin pump into the reverse-S-shaped fiber section. The oscillating modes in the cavity are directly influenced solely by the Brillouin gain. A wide tuning range of 45 nm is obtained that is only limited by the erbium amplification bandwidth. An average of eleven laser lines that can be tuned to over 45 nm wavelengths is obtained at 40% optimum output coupling ratio.

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References

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  1. G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, “Hybrid Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 21(16), 1250–1252 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, “Multiple wavelength generation with Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(11), 1465–1467 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. N. S. Kim, “Multiwavelength operation of EDFA-enhanced Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers,” Electron. Lett. 34(7), 673–674 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K.-D. Park, J.-H. Park, N. Park, J.-H. Lee, and J.-S. Chang, “53-line multi-wavelength generation of Brillouin/erbium fiber laser with enhanced Stokes feedback coupling,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper ThA4.
  5. S. Saharudin, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, “Enhancement of Brillouin Stokes powers in multiwavelength fiber laser utilizing bandpass filter,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 40(5), 408–410 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. H. Al-Mansoori and M. A. Mahdi, “Tunable range enhancement of Brillouin-erbium fiber laser utilizing Brillouin pump pre-amplification technique,” Opt. Express 16(11), 7649–7654 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. A. Mahdi, and M. Premaratne, “Novel multiwavelength L-band Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser utilizing double-pass Brillouin pump preamplified technique,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 415–421 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. N. M. Samsuri, A. K. Zamzuri, M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. Ahmad, and M. A. Mahdi, “Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser with enhanced feedback coupling using common Erbium gain section,” Opt. Express 16(21), 16475–16480 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Y. J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q. H. Ye, and Y. X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(9), 2015–2017 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Ajiya, M. A. Mahdi, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Mokhtar, and S. Hitam, “Broadly tunable multiple wavelength Brillouin fiber laser exploiting erbium amplification,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(9), 1789–1794 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (2)

M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. A. Mahdi, and M. Premaratne, “Novel multiwavelength L-band Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser utilizing double-pass Brillouin pump preamplified technique,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 415–421 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Ajiya, M. A. Mahdi, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Mokhtar, and S. Hitam, “Broadly tunable multiple wavelength Brillouin fiber laser exploiting erbium amplification,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(9), 1789–1794 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

2004 (2)

Y. J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q. H. Ye, and Y. X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(9), 2015–2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Saharudin, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, “Enhancement of Brillouin Stokes powers in multiwavelength fiber laser utilizing bandpass filter,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 40(5), 408–410 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

N. S. Kim, “Multiwavelength operation of EDFA-enhanced Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers,” Electron. Lett. 34(7), 673–674 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, “Hybrid Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 21(16), 1250–1252 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, “Multiple wavelength generation with Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(11), 1465–1467 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Abdullah, M. K.

S. Saharudin, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, “Enhancement of Brillouin Stokes powers in multiwavelength fiber laser utilizing bandpass filter,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 40(5), 408–410 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ahmad, A.

Ajiya, M.

Al-Mansoori, M. H.

Cowle, G. J.

G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, “Hybrid Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 21(16), 1250–1252 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, “Multiple wavelength generation with Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(11), 1465–1467 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hitam, S.

Hu, S.

Y. J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q. H. Ye, and Y. X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(9), 2015–2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, N. S.

N. S. Kim, “Multiwavelength operation of EDFA-enhanced Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers,” Electron. Lett. 34(7), 673–674 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mahdi, M. A.

Mokhtar, M.

Premaratne, M.

M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. A. Mahdi, and M. Premaratne, “Novel multiwavelength L-band Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser utilizing double-pass Brillouin pump preamplified technique,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 415–421 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Saharudin, S.

S. Saharudin, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, “Enhancement of Brillouin Stokes powers in multiwavelength fiber laser utilizing bandpass filter,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 40(5), 408–410 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Samsuri, N. M.

Song, Y. J.

Y. J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q. H. Ye, and Y. X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(9), 2015–2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stepanov, D. Y.

G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, “Multiple wavelength generation with Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(11), 1465–1467 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, “Hybrid Brillouin/erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 21(16), 1250–1252 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xia, Y. X.

Y. J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q. H. Ye, and Y. X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(9), 2015–2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ye, Q. H.

Y. J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q. H. Ye, and Y. X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(9), 2015–2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zamzuri, A. K.

Zhan, L.

Y. J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q. H. Ye, and Y. X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(9), 2015–2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

N. S. Kim, “Multiwavelength operation of EDFA-enhanced Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers,” Electron. Lett. 34(7), 673–674 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. A. Mahdi, and M. Premaratne, “Novel multiwavelength L-band Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser utilizing double-pass Brillouin pump preamplified technique,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 415–421 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, “Multiple wavelength generation with Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(11), 1465–1467 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q. H. Ye, and Y. X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(9), 2015–2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

S. Saharudin, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, “Enhancement of Brillouin Stokes powers in multiwavelength fiber laser utilizing bandpass filter,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 40(5), 408–410 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (1)

K.-D. Park, J.-H. Park, N. Park, J.-H. Lee, and J.-S. Chang, “53-line multi-wavelength generation of Brillouin/erbium fiber laser with enhanced Stokes feedback coupling,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper ThA4.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of the enhanced reverse-S-shaped BFL.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Free running cavity mode at different output coupling ratio of 5%, 10% and 20%.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Experimental setup to show the presence of Rayleigh scattering, (b) back-propagated Rayleigh scattering measured at OSA and (c) the power difference with respect to the reference spectrum at 100 mW.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) BFL tuning range at various output coupling ratios, and (b) the optical spectra taken at the output coupling ratio of 40% for BP wavelength of 1520, 1542 and 1564 nm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Output spectra at different output coupling ratios; (a) 5%, (b) 10%, (c) 20% and (d) 40%.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Number of channels generated at different output coupling ratios with variation in BP wavelengths.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Stability performance of the proposed BFL structure in terms of channel peak power and total power at the output coupling ratio is 40%.

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