Abstract

This paper describes detailed optical-pump-terahertz-probe studies of two-dimensional photonic crystal slabs for propagation perpendicular to the slabs. When the slabs are excited by an 800 nm pump pulse and the effect of shielding by photocarriers is removed, we find that the decaying tail in the transmitted terahertz radiation is strikingly enhanced. The photocarriers weaken guided resonances, but they also greatly enhance the excitation efficiency of guided resonances and the ability of the guided resonances to transfer energy back to the radiation field. This increases the resonance-assisted contribution to transmitted field. The photoinduced resonant extremes agree well with the Fano model.

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  1. S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 60(8), 5751–5758 (1999).
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    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Fan, W. Suh, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Temporal coupled-mode theory for the Fano resonance in optical resonators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 20(3), 569–572 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. A. Erchak, D. J. Ripin, S. Fan, P. Rakich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. P. Ippen, G. S. Petrich, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Enhanced coupling to vertical radiation using a two-dimensional photonic crystal in a semiconductor light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(5), 563–565 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. W. Zhang, A. K. Azad, J. Han, J. Xu, J. Chen, and X.-C. Zhang, “Direct observation of a transition of a surface plasmon resonance from a photonic crystal effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(18), 183901 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. Z. Jian and D. M. Mittleman, “Broadband group-velocity anomaly in transmission through a terahertz photonic crystal slab,” Phys. Rev. B 73(11), 115118 (2006).
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  8. Z. Jian and D. M. Mittleman, “Out-of-plane dispersion and homogenization in photonic crystal slabs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(19), 191113 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. E. Pedersen, V. G. Lyssenko, J. M. Hvam, P. U. Jepsen, S. R. Keiding, C. B. So̸rensen, and P. E. Lindelof, “Ultrafast local field dynamics in photoconductive THz antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62(11), 1265–1267 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  10. B. Hu, E. de Souza, W. Knox, J. Cunningham, M. Nuss, A. Kuznetsov, and S. Chuang, “Identifying the distinct phases of carrier transport in semiconductors with 10 fs resolution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(9), 1689–1692 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. Lesueur, L. Dumoulin, and P. Nedellec, “Metal-insulator transition in quench-condensed AlxGe1-x: “scaling” and tunneling experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55(21), 2355–2358 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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  17. M. Kanskar, P. Paddon, V. Pacradouni, R. Morin, A. Busch, J. F. Young, S. R. Johnson, J. MacKenzie, and T. Tiedje, “Observation of leaky slab modes in an air-bridged semiconductor waveguide with a two-dimensional photonic lattice,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(11), 1438–1440 (1997).
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    [CrossRef]

2008 (1)

Y. Shi, Q. L. Zhou, C. Zhang, and B. Jin, “Ultrafast high-field carrier transport in GaAs measured by femtosecond pump-terahertz probe spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(12), 121115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

M. Walther, D. G. Cooke, C. Sherstan, M. Hajar, M. R. Freeman, and F. A. Hegmann, “Terahertz conductivity of thin gold films at the metal-insulator percolation transition,” Phys. Rev. B 76(12), 125408 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhang, A. K. Azad, J. Han, J. Xu, J. Chen, and X.-C. Zhang, “Direct observation of a transition of a surface plasmon resonance from a photonic crystal effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(18), 183901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

Z. Jian and D. M. Mittleman, “Broadband group-velocity anomaly in transmission through a terahertz photonic crystal slab,” Phys. Rev. B 73(11), 115118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

Z. Jian and D. M. Mittleman, “Out-of-plane dispersion and homogenization in photonic crystal slabs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(19), 191113 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

S. Fan and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Analysis of guided resonances in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 65(23), 235112 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

A. A. Erchak, D. J. Ripin, S. Fan, P. Rakich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. P. Ippen, G. S. Petrich, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Enhanced coupling to vertical radiation using a two-dimensional photonic crystal in a semiconductor light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(5), 563–565 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

M. C. Beard, G. M. Turner, and C. A. Schmuttenmaer, “Transient photoconductivity in GaAs as measured by time-resolved terahertz spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 62(23), 15764–15777 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 60(8), 5751–5758 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

M. Kanskar, P. Paddon, V. Pacradouni, R. Morin, A. Busch, J. F. Young, S. R. Johnson, J. MacKenzie, and T. Tiedje, “Observation of leaky slab modes in an air-bridged semiconductor waveguide with a two-dimensional photonic lattice,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(11), 1438–1440 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

Q. Wu, M. Litz, and X. C. Zhang, “Broadband detection capability of ZnTe electro-optic field detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(21), 2924–2926 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

T. Dekorsy, H. Auer, C. Waschke, H. J. Bakker, H. G. Roskos, H. Kurz, V. Wagner, and P. Grosse, “Emission of submillimeter electromagnetic waves by coherent phonons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(5), 738–741 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Hu, E. de Souza, W. Knox, J. Cunningham, M. Nuss, A. Kuznetsov, and S. Chuang, “Identifying the distinct phases of carrier transport in semiconductors with 10 fs resolution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(9), 1689–1692 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from ‹110› zinc‐blende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(11), 1324–1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

J. E. Pedersen, V. G. Lyssenko, J. M. Hvam, P. U. Jepsen, S. R. Keiding, C. B. So̸rensen, and P. E. Lindelof, “Ultrafast local field dynamics in photoconductive THz antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62(11), 1265–1267 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

J. Lesueur, L. Dumoulin, and P. Nedellec, “Metal-insulator transition in quench-condensed AlxGe1-x: “scaling” and tunneling experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55(21), 2355–2358 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Alexander, M.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from ‹110› zinc‐blende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(11), 1324–1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Auer, H.

T. Dekorsy, H. Auer, C. Waschke, H. J. Bakker, H. G. Roskos, H. Kurz, V. Wagner, and P. Grosse, “Emission of submillimeter electromagnetic waves by coherent phonons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(5), 738–741 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Azad, A. K.

W. Zhang, A. K. Azad, J. Han, J. Xu, J. Chen, and X.-C. Zhang, “Direct observation of a transition of a surface plasmon resonance from a photonic crystal effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(18), 183901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bakker, H. J.

T. Dekorsy, H. Auer, C. Waschke, H. J. Bakker, H. G. Roskos, H. Kurz, V. Wagner, and P. Grosse, “Emission of submillimeter electromagnetic waves by coherent phonons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(5), 738–741 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beard, M. C.

M. C. Beard, G. M. Turner, and C. A. Schmuttenmaer, “Transient photoconductivity in GaAs as measured by time-resolved terahertz spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 62(23), 15764–15777 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bliss, D.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from ‹110› zinc‐blende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(11), 1324–1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Busch, A.

M. Kanskar, P. Paddon, V. Pacradouni, R. Morin, A. Busch, J. F. Young, S. R. Johnson, J. MacKenzie, and T. Tiedje, “Observation of leaky slab modes in an air-bridged semiconductor waveguide with a two-dimensional photonic lattice,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(11), 1438–1440 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

W. Zhang, A. K. Azad, J. Han, J. Xu, J. Chen, and X.-C. Zhang, “Direct observation of a transition of a surface plasmon resonance from a photonic crystal effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(18), 183901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chuang, S.

B. Hu, E. de Souza, W. Knox, J. Cunningham, M. Nuss, A. Kuznetsov, and S. Chuang, “Identifying the distinct phases of carrier transport in semiconductors with 10 fs resolution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(9), 1689–1692 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cooke, D. G.

M. Walther, D. G. Cooke, C. Sherstan, M. Hajar, M. R. Freeman, and F. A. Hegmann, “Terahertz conductivity of thin gold films at the metal-insulator percolation transition,” Phys. Rev. B 76(12), 125408 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cunningham, J.

B. Hu, E. de Souza, W. Knox, J. Cunningham, M. Nuss, A. Kuznetsov, and S. Chuang, “Identifying the distinct phases of carrier transport in semiconductors with 10 fs resolution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(9), 1689–1692 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Souza, E.

B. Hu, E. de Souza, W. Knox, J. Cunningham, M. Nuss, A. Kuznetsov, and S. Chuang, “Identifying the distinct phases of carrier transport in semiconductors with 10 fs resolution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(9), 1689–1692 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dekorsy, T.

T. Dekorsy, H. Auer, C. Waschke, H. J. Bakker, H. G. Roskos, H. Kurz, V. Wagner, and P. Grosse, “Emission of submillimeter electromagnetic waves by coherent phonons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(5), 738–741 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dumoulin, L.

J. Lesueur, L. Dumoulin, and P. Nedellec, “Metal-insulator transition in quench-condensed AlxGe1-x: “scaling” and tunneling experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55(21), 2355–2358 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Erchak, A. A.

A. A. Erchak, D. J. Ripin, S. Fan, P. Rakich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. P. Ippen, G. S. Petrich, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Enhanced coupling to vertical radiation using a two-dimensional photonic crystal in a semiconductor light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(5), 563–565 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S.

S. Fan, W. Suh, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Temporal coupled-mode theory for the Fano resonance in optical resonators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 20(3), 569–572 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Fan and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Analysis of guided resonances in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 65(23), 235112 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Erchak, D. J. Ripin, S. Fan, P. Rakich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. P. Ippen, G. S. Petrich, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Enhanced coupling to vertical radiation using a two-dimensional photonic crystal in a semiconductor light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(5), 563–565 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 60(8), 5751–5758 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Freeman, M. R.

M. Walther, D. G. Cooke, C. Sherstan, M. Hajar, M. R. Freeman, and F. A. Hegmann, “Terahertz conductivity of thin gold films at the metal-insulator percolation transition,” Phys. Rev. B 76(12), 125408 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Grosse, P.

T. Dekorsy, H. Auer, C. Waschke, H. J. Bakker, H. G. Roskos, H. Kurz, V. Wagner, and P. Grosse, “Emission of submillimeter electromagnetic waves by coherent phonons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(5), 738–741 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hajar, M.

M. Walther, D. G. Cooke, C. Sherstan, M. Hajar, M. R. Freeman, and F. A. Hegmann, “Terahertz conductivity of thin gold films at the metal-insulator percolation transition,” Phys. Rev. B 76(12), 125408 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Han, J.

W. Zhang, A. K. Azad, J. Han, J. Xu, J. Chen, and X.-C. Zhang, “Direct observation of a transition of a surface plasmon resonance from a photonic crystal effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(18), 183901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hegmann, F. A.

M. Walther, D. G. Cooke, C. Sherstan, M. Hajar, M. R. Freeman, and F. A. Hegmann, “Terahertz conductivity of thin gold films at the metal-insulator percolation transition,” Phys. Rev. B 76(12), 125408 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hu, B.

B. Hu, E. de Souza, W. Knox, J. Cunningham, M. Nuss, A. Kuznetsov, and S. Chuang, “Identifying the distinct phases of carrier transport in semiconductors with 10 fs resolution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(9), 1689–1692 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hvam, J. M.

J. E. Pedersen, V. G. Lyssenko, J. M. Hvam, P. U. Jepsen, S. R. Keiding, C. B. So̸rensen, and P. E. Lindelof, “Ultrafast local field dynamics in photoconductive THz antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62(11), 1265–1267 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

A. A. Erchak, D. J. Ripin, S. Fan, P. Rakich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. P. Ippen, G. S. Petrich, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Enhanced coupling to vertical radiation using a two-dimensional photonic crystal in a semiconductor light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(5), 563–565 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jepsen, P. U.

J. E. Pedersen, V. G. Lyssenko, J. M. Hvam, P. U. Jepsen, S. R. Keiding, C. B. So̸rensen, and P. E. Lindelof, “Ultrafast local field dynamics in photoconductive THz antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62(11), 1265–1267 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Jian, Z.

Z. Jian and D. M. Mittleman, “Broadband group-velocity anomaly in transmission through a terahertz photonic crystal slab,” Phys. Rev. B 73(11), 115118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jian and D. M. Mittleman, “Out-of-plane dispersion and homogenization in photonic crystal slabs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(19), 191113 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jin, B.

Y. Shi, Q. L. Zhou, C. Zhang, and B. Jin, “Ultrafast high-field carrier transport in GaAs measured by femtosecond pump-terahertz probe spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(12), 121115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jin, Y.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from ‹110› zinc‐blende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(11), 1324–1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

S. Fan, W. Suh, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Temporal coupled-mode theory for the Fano resonance in optical resonators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 20(3), 569–572 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Fan and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Analysis of guided resonances in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 65(23), 235112 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Erchak, D. J. Ripin, S. Fan, P. Rakich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. P. Ippen, G. S. Petrich, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Enhanced coupling to vertical radiation using a two-dimensional photonic crystal in a semiconductor light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(5), 563–565 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 60(8), 5751–5758 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, S. G.

S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 60(8), 5751–5758 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, S. R.

M. Kanskar, P. Paddon, V. Pacradouni, R. Morin, A. Busch, J. F. Young, S. R. Johnson, J. MacKenzie, and T. Tiedje, “Observation of leaky slab modes in an air-bridged semiconductor waveguide with a two-dimensional photonic lattice,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(11), 1438–1440 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kanskar, M.

M. Kanskar, P. Paddon, V. Pacradouni, R. Morin, A. Busch, J. F. Young, S. R. Johnson, J. MacKenzie, and T. Tiedje, “Observation of leaky slab modes in an air-bridged semiconductor waveguide with a two-dimensional photonic lattice,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(11), 1438–1440 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Keiding, S. R.

J. E. Pedersen, V. G. Lyssenko, J. M. Hvam, P. U. Jepsen, S. R. Keiding, C. B. So̸rensen, and P. E. Lindelof, “Ultrafast local field dynamics in photoconductive THz antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62(11), 1265–1267 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Knox, W.

B. Hu, E. de Souza, W. Knox, J. Cunningham, M. Nuss, A. Kuznetsov, and S. Chuang, “Identifying the distinct phases of carrier transport in semiconductors with 10 fs resolution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(9), 1689–1692 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kolodziejski, L. A.

A. A. Erchak, D. J. Ripin, S. Fan, P. Rakich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. P. Ippen, G. S. Petrich, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Enhanced coupling to vertical radiation using a two-dimensional photonic crystal in a semiconductor light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(5), 563–565 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 60(8), 5751–5758 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kurz, H.

T. Dekorsy, H. Auer, C. Waschke, H. J. Bakker, H. G. Roskos, H. Kurz, V. Wagner, and P. Grosse, “Emission of submillimeter electromagnetic waves by coherent phonons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(5), 738–741 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuznetsov, A.

B. Hu, E. de Souza, W. Knox, J. Cunningham, M. Nuss, A. Kuznetsov, and S. Chuang, “Identifying the distinct phases of carrier transport in semiconductors with 10 fs resolution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(9), 1689–1692 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Larkin, J.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from ‹110› zinc‐blende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(11), 1324–1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lesueur, J.

J. Lesueur, L. Dumoulin, and P. Nedellec, “Metal-insulator transition in quench-condensed AlxGe1-x: “scaling” and tunneling experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55(21), 2355–2358 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Lindelof, P. E.

J. E. Pedersen, V. G. Lyssenko, J. M. Hvam, P. U. Jepsen, S. R. Keiding, C. B. So̸rensen, and P. E. Lindelof, “Ultrafast local field dynamics in photoconductive THz antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62(11), 1265–1267 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Litz, M.

Q. Wu, M. Litz, and X. C. Zhang, “Broadband detection capability of ZnTe electro-optic field detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(21), 2924–2926 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lyssenko, V. G.

J. E. Pedersen, V. G. Lyssenko, J. M. Hvam, P. U. Jepsen, S. R. Keiding, C. B. So̸rensen, and P. E. Lindelof, “Ultrafast local field dynamics in photoconductive THz antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62(11), 1265–1267 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ma, X. F.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from ‹110› zinc‐blende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(11), 1324–1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

MacKenzie, J.

M. Kanskar, P. Paddon, V. Pacradouni, R. Morin, A. Busch, J. F. Young, S. R. Johnson, J. MacKenzie, and T. Tiedje, “Observation of leaky slab modes in an air-bridged semiconductor waveguide with a two-dimensional photonic lattice,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(11), 1438–1440 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mittleman, D. M.

Z. Jian and D. M. Mittleman, “Broadband group-velocity anomaly in transmission through a terahertz photonic crystal slab,” Phys. Rev. B 73(11), 115118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jian and D. M. Mittleman, “Out-of-plane dispersion and homogenization in photonic crystal slabs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(19), 191113 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Morin, R.

M. Kanskar, P. Paddon, V. Pacradouni, R. Morin, A. Busch, J. F. Young, S. R. Johnson, J. MacKenzie, and T. Tiedje, “Observation of leaky slab modes in an air-bridged semiconductor waveguide with a two-dimensional photonic lattice,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(11), 1438–1440 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nedellec, P.

J. Lesueur, L. Dumoulin, and P. Nedellec, “Metal-insulator transition in quench-condensed AlxGe1-x: “scaling” and tunneling experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55(21), 2355–2358 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Nuss, M.

B. Hu, E. de Souza, W. Knox, J. Cunningham, M. Nuss, A. Kuznetsov, and S. Chuang, “Identifying the distinct phases of carrier transport in semiconductors with 10 fs resolution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(9), 1689–1692 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pacradouni, V.

M. Kanskar, P. Paddon, V. Pacradouni, R. Morin, A. Busch, J. F. Young, S. R. Johnson, J. MacKenzie, and T. Tiedje, “Observation of leaky slab modes in an air-bridged semiconductor waveguide with a two-dimensional photonic lattice,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(11), 1438–1440 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Paddon, P.

M. Kanskar, P. Paddon, V. Pacradouni, R. Morin, A. Busch, J. F. Young, S. R. Johnson, J. MacKenzie, and T. Tiedje, “Observation of leaky slab modes in an air-bridged semiconductor waveguide with a two-dimensional photonic lattice,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(11), 1438–1440 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pedersen, J. E.

J. E. Pedersen, V. G. Lyssenko, J. M. Hvam, P. U. Jepsen, S. R. Keiding, C. B. So̸rensen, and P. E. Lindelof, “Ultrafast local field dynamics in photoconductive THz antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62(11), 1265–1267 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Petrich, G. S.

A. A. Erchak, D. J. Ripin, S. Fan, P. Rakich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. P. Ippen, G. S. Petrich, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Enhanced coupling to vertical radiation using a two-dimensional photonic crystal in a semiconductor light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(5), 563–565 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rakich, P.

A. A. Erchak, D. J. Ripin, S. Fan, P. Rakich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. P. Ippen, G. S. Petrich, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Enhanced coupling to vertical radiation using a two-dimensional photonic crystal in a semiconductor light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(5), 563–565 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rice, A.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from ‹110› zinc‐blende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(11), 1324–1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ripin, D. J.

A. A. Erchak, D. J. Ripin, S. Fan, P. Rakich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. P. Ippen, G. S. Petrich, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Enhanced coupling to vertical radiation using a two-dimensional photonic crystal in a semiconductor light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(5), 563–565 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Roskos, H. G.

T. Dekorsy, H. Auer, C. Waschke, H. J. Bakker, H. G. Roskos, H. Kurz, V. Wagner, and P. Grosse, “Emission of submillimeter electromagnetic waves by coherent phonons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(5), 738–741 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmuttenmaer, C. A.

M. C. Beard, G. M. Turner, and C. A. Schmuttenmaer, “Transient photoconductivity in GaAs as measured by time-resolved terahertz spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 62(23), 15764–15777 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sherstan, C.

M. Walther, D. G. Cooke, C. Sherstan, M. Hajar, M. R. Freeman, and F. A. Hegmann, “Terahertz conductivity of thin gold films at the metal-insulator percolation transition,” Phys. Rev. B 76(12), 125408 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shi, Y.

Y. Shi, Q. L. Zhou, C. Zhang, and B. Jin, “Ultrafast high-field carrier transport in GaAs measured by femtosecond pump-terahertz probe spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(12), 121115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

So?rensen, C. B.

J. E. Pedersen, V. G. Lyssenko, J. M. Hvam, P. U. Jepsen, S. R. Keiding, C. B. So̸rensen, and P. E. Lindelof, “Ultrafast local field dynamics in photoconductive THz antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62(11), 1265–1267 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Suh, W.

Tiedje, T.

M. Kanskar, P. Paddon, V. Pacradouni, R. Morin, A. Busch, J. F. Young, S. R. Johnson, J. MacKenzie, and T. Tiedje, “Observation of leaky slab modes in an air-bridged semiconductor waveguide with a two-dimensional photonic lattice,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(11), 1438–1440 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Turner, G. M.

M. C. Beard, G. M. Turner, and C. A. Schmuttenmaer, “Transient photoconductivity in GaAs as measured by time-resolved terahertz spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 62(23), 15764–15777 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Villeneuve, P. R.

S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 60(8), 5751–5758 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, V.

T. Dekorsy, H. Auer, C. Waschke, H. J. Bakker, H. G. Roskos, H. Kurz, V. Wagner, and P. Grosse, “Emission of submillimeter electromagnetic waves by coherent phonons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(5), 738–741 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walther, M.

M. Walther, D. G. Cooke, C. Sherstan, M. Hajar, M. R. Freeman, and F. A. Hegmann, “Terahertz conductivity of thin gold films at the metal-insulator percolation transition,” Phys. Rev. B 76(12), 125408 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Waschke, C.

T. Dekorsy, H. Auer, C. Waschke, H. J. Bakker, H. G. Roskos, H. Kurz, V. Wagner, and P. Grosse, “Emission of submillimeter electromagnetic waves by coherent phonons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(5), 738–741 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, Q.

Q. Wu, M. Litz, and X. C. Zhang, “Broadband detection capability of ZnTe electro-optic field detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(21), 2924–2926 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

W. Zhang, A. K. Azad, J. Han, J. Xu, J. Chen, and X.-C. Zhang, “Direct observation of a transition of a surface plasmon resonance from a photonic crystal effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(18), 183901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Young, J. F.

M. Kanskar, P. Paddon, V. Pacradouni, R. Morin, A. Busch, J. F. Young, S. R. Johnson, J. MacKenzie, and T. Tiedje, “Observation of leaky slab modes in an air-bridged semiconductor waveguide with a two-dimensional photonic lattice,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(11), 1438–1440 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C.

Y. Shi, Q. L. Zhou, C. Zhang, and B. Jin, “Ultrafast high-field carrier transport in GaAs measured by femtosecond pump-terahertz probe spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(12), 121115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W.

W. Zhang, A. K. Azad, J. Han, J. Xu, J. Chen, and X.-C. Zhang, “Direct observation of a transition of a surface plasmon resonance from a photonic crystal effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(18), 183901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, X. C.

Q. Wu, M. Litz, and X. C. Zhang, “Broadband detection capability of ZnTe electro-optic field detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(21), 2924–2926 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.-C.

W. Zhang, A. K. Azad, J. Han, J. Xu, J. Chen, and X.-C. Zhang, “Direct observation of a transition of a surface plasmon resonance from a photonic crystal effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(18), 183901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from ‹110› zinc‐blende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(11), 1324–1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Q. L.

Y. Shi, Q. L. Zhou, C. Zhang, and B. Jin, “Ultrafast high-field carrier transport in GaAs measured by femtosecond pump-terahertz probe spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(12), 121115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (7)

Z. Jian and D. M. Mittleman, “Out-of-plane dispersion and homogenization in photonic crystal slabs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(19), 191113 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Pedersen, V. G. Lyssenko, J. M. Hvam, P. U. Jepsen, S. R. Keiding, C. B. So̸rensen, and P. E. Lindelof, “Ultrafast local field dynamics in photoconductive THz antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62(11), 1265–1267 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Erchak, D. J. Ripin, S. Fan, P. Rakich, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. P. Ippen, G. S. Petrich, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Enhanced coupling to vertical radiation using a two-dimensional photonic crystal in a semiconductor light-emitting diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(5), 563–565 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shi, Q. L. Zhou, C. Zhang, and B. Jin, “Ultrafast high-field carrier transport in GaAs measured by femtosecond pump-terahertz probe spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(12), 121115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from ‹110› zinc‐blende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(11), 1324–1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu, M. Litz, and X. C. Zhang, “Broadband detection capability of ZnTe electro-optic field detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(21), 2924–2926 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Kanskar, P. Paddon, V. Pacradouni, R. Morin, A. Busch, J. F. Young, S. R. Johnson, J. MacKenzie, and T. Tiedje, “Observation of leaky slab modes in an air-bridged semiconductor waveguide with a two-dimensional photonic lattice,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(11), 1438–1440 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Phys. Rev. B (5)

M. Walther, D. G. Cooke, C. Sherstan, M. Hajar, M. R. Freeman, and F. A. Hegmann, “Terahertz conductivity of thin gold films at the metal-insulator percolation transition,” Phys. Rev. B 76(12), 125408 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 60(8), 5751–5758 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jian and D. M. Mittleman, “Broadband group-velocity anomaly in transmission through a terahertz photonic crystal slab,” Phys. Rev. B 73(11), 115118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Fan and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Analysis of guided resonances in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B 65(23), 235112 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Beard, G. M. Turner, and C. A. Schmuttenmaer, “Transient photoconductivity in GaAs as measured by time-resolved terahertz spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 62(23), 15764–15777 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

T. Dekorsy, H. Auer, C. Waschke, H. J. Bakker, H. G. Roskos, H. Kurz, V. Wagner, and P. Grosse, “Emission of submillimeter electromagnetic waves by coherent phonons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(5), 738–741 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Zhang, A. K. Azad, J. Han, J. Xu, J. Chen, and X.-C. Zhang, “Direct observation of a transition of a surface plasmon resonance from a photonic crystal effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(18), 183901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Hu, E. de Souza, W. Knox, J. Cunningham, M. Nuss, A. Kuznetsov, and S. Chuang, “Identifying the distinct phases of carrier transport in semiconductors with 10 fs resolution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(9), 1689–1692 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Lesueur, L. Dumoulin, and P. Nedellec, “Metal-insulator transition in quench-condensed AlxGe1-x: “scaling” and tunneling experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55(21), 2355–2358 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton University Press, 1995).

“GaAs band structure and carrier concentration,” http://www.ioffe.ru/SVA/NSM/Semicond/GaAs/bandstr.html .

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the setup for optical-pump–terahertz-probe spectroscopy. The photonic crystal structure consists of a square lattice of air-filled holes of radius r, with a lattice constant a, in a 670 μm GaAs slab. The photonic crystal slab was illuminated at normal incidence to the plane of periodicity.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Time-domain terahertz waveforms after propagation through sample 1 (r = 50 μm, a = 200 μm).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Frequency-domain transmission spectra T(ω) of sample 1 (r = 50 μm, a = 200 μm) (solid curves) and FDTD simulation of the transmission spectra (dashed curves), respectively, (b) T(ω) of sample 2 (r = 100 μm, a = 300 μm), and (c) of sample 3 (r = 100 μm, a = 400 μm). The pump power was 100 mW, and the delay time between the pump and terahertz pulses was 100 ps.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Profiles of terahertz field in sample 1 (r = 50 μm, a = 200 μm) at the f1 (0.94 THz) and f2 (1.23 THz) resonance peaks without [(a), (b), (c), (g), (h), (i)] and with [(d), (e), (f), (j), (k), (l)] 800 nm pumping. The center of each plot corresponds to the center of the cylindrical air-filled hole in the unit cell. The panels on the left [(a), (d), (g), (j)] show the distribution of the terahertz field at the top surface of the air hole, those in the middle [(b), (e), (h), (k)] show the field in the center of the layer, and those on the right [(c), (f), (i), (l)] show the field at the bottom surface.

Equations (1)

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| s =[ C+ |dκ|* j(ω ω 0 )+1/τ ]| s + ,

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