Abstract

We investigate the degree of control that can be exercised over an optically trapped microscopic non-spherical force probe. By position clamping translational and rotational modes in different ways, we are able to dramatically improve the position resolution of our probe with no reduction in sensitivity. We also demonstrate control over rotational-translational coupling, and exhibit a mechanism whereby the average centre of rotation of the probe can be displaced away from its centre.

© 2011 OSA

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  4. S. H. Simpson and S. Hanna, “Thermal motion of a holographically trapped SPM-like probe,” Nanotechnology 20(39), 395710 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. O. M. Marago, P. H. Jones, F. Bonaccorso, V. Scardaci, P. G. Gucciardi, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Femtonewton force sensing with optically trapped nanotubes,” Nano Lett. 8(10), 3211–3216 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  7. D. B. Phillips, D. M. Carberry, S. H. Simpson, H. Schaefer, M. Steinhart, R. Bowman, G. M. Gibson, M. J. Padgett, S. Hanna, and M. J. Miles, “Optimizing the optical trapping stiffness of holographically trapped microrods using high-speed video tracking,” J. Opt. 13(4, Sp. Iss. SI), 044023 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. T. Asavei, V. L. Y. Loke, M. Barbieri, T. A. Nieminen, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Optical angular momentum transfer to microrotors fabricated by two-photon photopolymerization,” New J. Phys. 11, 093021 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. D. Preece, R. Bowman, A. Linnenberger, G. Gibson, S. Serati, and M. Padgett, “Increasing trap stiffness with position clamping in holographic optical tweezers,” Opt. Express 17(25), 22718–22725 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  14. G. Gibson, D. M. Carberry, G. Whyte, J. Leach, J. Courtial, J. C. Jackson, D. Robert, M. Miles, and M. Padgett, “Holographic assembly workstation for optical manipulation,” J. Opt. A 10(4), 044009 (2008).
  15. D. B. Phillips, J. A. Grieve, S. N. Olof, S. J. Kocher, R. Bowman, M. J. Padgett, M. J. Miles, and D. M. Carberry, “Surface imaging using holographic optical tweezers,” Nanotechnology 22(28), 285503 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. R. Bowman, G. Gibson, and M. Padgett, “Particle tracking stereomicroscopy in optical tweezers: control of trap shape,” Opt. Express 18(11), 11,785–11,790 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (2)

D. B. Phillips, D. M. Carberry, S. H. Simpson, H. Schaefer, M. Steinhart, R. Bowman, G. M. Gibson, M. J. Padgett, S. Hanna, and M. J. Miles, “Optimizing the optical trapping stiffness of holographically trapped microrods using high-speed video tracking,” J. Opt. 13(4, Sp. Iss. SI), 044023 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Phillips, J. A. Grieve, S. N. Olof, S. J. Kocher, R. Bowman, M. J. Padgett, M. J. Miles, and D. M. Carberry, “Surface imaging using holographic optical tweezers,” Nanotechnology 22(28), 285503 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (3)

R. Bowman, G. Gibson, and M. Padgett, “Particle tracking stereomicroscopy in optical tweezers: control of trap shape,” Opt. Express 18(11), 11,785–11,790 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Carberry, S. H. Simpson, J. A. Grieve, Y. Wang, H. Schafer, M. Steinhart, R. Bowman, G. M. Gibson, M. J. Padgett, S. Hanna, and M. J. Miles, “Calibration of optically trapped nanotools,” Nanotechnology 21(17) 175501 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. C. Cheong and D. G. Grier, “Rotational and translational diffusion of copper oxide nanorods measured with holographic video microscopy,” Opt. Express 18(7), 6555–6562 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (5)

Y. Huang, Z. Zhang, and C.-H. Menq, “Minimum-variance Brownian motion control of an optically trapped probe,” Appl. Opt. 48(30), 5871–5880 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Preece, R. Bowman, A. Linnenberger, G. Gibson, S. Serati, and M. Padgett, “Increasing trap stiffness with position clamping in holographic optical tweezers,” Opt. Express 17(25), 22718–22725 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Asavei, V. L. Y. Loke, M. Barbieri, T. A. Nieminen, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Optical angular momentum transfer to microrotors fabricated by two-photon photopolymerization,” New J. Phys. 11, 093021 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Ojala, A. Korsback, A. E. Wallin, and E. Haeggstrom, “Optical position clamping with predictive control,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(18), 181104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Simpson and S. Hanna, “Thermal motion of a holographically trapped SPM-like probe,” Nanotechnology 20(39), 395710 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

O. M. Marago, P. H. Jones, F. Bonaccorso, V. Scardaci, P. G. Gucciardi, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Femtonewton force sensing with optically trapped nanotubes,” Nano Lett. 8(10), 3211–3216 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Gibson, D. M. Carberry, G. Whyte, J. Leach, J. Courtial, J. C. Jackson, D. Robert, M. Miles, and M. Padgett, “Holographic assembly workstation for optical manipulation,” J. Opt. A 10(4), 044009 (2008).

2007 (1)

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

D. Grier, “A revolution in optical manipulation,” Nature 424(6950), 810–816 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

Asavei, T.

T. Asavei, V. L. Y. Loke, M. Barbieri, T. A. Nieminen, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Optical angular momentum transfer to microrotors fabricated by two-photon photopolymerization,” New J. Phys. 11, 093021 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ashkin, A.

Barbieri, M.

T. Asavei, V. L. Y. Loke, M. Barbieri, T. A. Nieminen, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Optical angular momentum transfer to microrotors fabricated by two-photon photopolymerization,” New J. Phys. 11, 093021 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bjorkholm, J.

Bonaccorso, F.

O. M. Marago, P. H. Jones, F. Bonaccorso, V. Scardaci, P. G. Gucciardi, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Femtonewton force sensing with optically trapped nanotubes,” Nano Lett. 8(10), 3211–3216 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bowman, R.

D. B. Phillips, J. A. Grieve, S. N. Olof, S. J. Kocher, R. Bowman, M. J. Padgett, M. J. Miles, and D. M. Carberry, “Surface imaging using holographic optical tweezers,” Nanotechnology 22(28), 285503 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. B. Phillips, D. M. Carberry, S. H. Simpson, H. Schaefer, M. Steinhart, R. Bowman, G. M. Gibson, M. J. Padgett, S. Hanna, and M. J. Miles, “Optimizing the optical trapping stiffness of holographically trapped microrods using high-speed video tracking,” J. Opt. 13(4, Sp. Iss. SI), 044023 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Bowman, G. Gibson, and M. Padgett, “Particle tracking stereomicroscopy in optical tweezers: control of trap shape,” Opt. Express 18(11), 11,785–11,790 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Carberry, S. H. Simpson, J. A. Grieve, Y. Wang, H. Schafer, M. Steinhart, R. Bowman, G. M. Gibson, M. J. Padgett, S. Hanna, and M. J. Miles, “Calibration of optically trapped nanotools,” Nanotechnology 21(17) 175501 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Preece, R. Bowman, A. Linnenberger, G. Gibson, S. Serati, and M. Padgett, “Increasing trap stiffness with position clamping in holographic optical tweezers,” Opt. Express 17(25), 22718–22725 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Carberry, D. M.

D. B. Phillips, D. M. Carberry, S. H. Simpson, H. Schaefer, M. Steinhart, R. Bowman, G. M. Gibson, M. J. Padgett, S. Hanna, and M. J. Miles, “Optimizing the optical trapping stiffness of holographically trapped microrods using high-speed video tracking,” J. Opt. 13(4, Sp. Iss. SI), 044023 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Phillips, J. A. Grieve, S. N. Olof, S. J. Kocher, R. Bowman, M. J. Padgett, M. J. Miles, and D. M. Carberry, “Surface imaging using holographic optical tweezers,” Nanotechnology 22(28), 285503 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. M. Carberry, S. H. Simpson, J. A. Grieve, Y. Wang, H. Schafer, M. Steinhart, R. Bowman, G. M. Gibson, M. J. Padgett, S. Hanna, and M. J. Miles, “Calibration of optically trapped nanotools,” Nanotechnology 21(17) 175501 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Gibson, D. M. Carberry, G. Whyte, J. Leach, J. Courtial, J. C. Jackson, D. Robert, M. Miles, and M. Padgett, “Holographic assembly workstation for optical manipulation,” J. Opt. A 10(4), 044009 (2008).

Cheong, F. C.

Chu, S.

Clark, R. L.

Cole, D. G.

Courtial, J.

G. Gibson, D. M. Carberry, G. Whyte, J. Leach, J. Courtial, J. C. Jackson, D. Robert, M. Miles, and M. Padgett, “Holographic assembly workstation for optical manipulation,” J. Opt. A 10(4), 044009 (2008).

Daria, V. R.

Dziedzic, J.

Ferrari, A. C.

O. M. Marago, P. H. Jones, F. Bonaccorso, V. Scardaci, P. G. Gucciardi, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Femtonewton force sensing with optically trapped nanotubes,” Nano Lett. 8(10), 3211–3216 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gibson, G.

R. Bowman, G. Gibson, and M. Padgett, “Particle tracking stereomicroscopy in optical tweezers: control of trap shape,” Opt. Express 18(11), 11,785–11,790 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Preece, R. Bowman, A. Linnenberger, G. Gibson, S. Serati, and M. Padgett, “Increasing trap stiffness with position clamping in holographic optical tweezers,” Opt. Express 17(25), 22718–22725 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Gibson, D. M. Carberry, G. Whyte, J. Leach, J. Courtial, J. C. Jackson, D. Robert, M. Miles, and M. Padgett, “Holographic assembly workstation for optical manipulation,” J. Opt. A 10(4), 044009 (2008).

Gibson, G. M.

D. B. Phillips, D. M. Carberry, S. H. Simpson, H. Schaefer, M. Steinhart, R. Bowman, G. M. Gibson, M. J. Padgett, S. Hanna, and M. J. Miles, “Optimizing the optical trapping stiffness of holographically trapped microrods using high-speed video tracking,” J. Opt. 13(4, Sp. Iss. SI), 044023 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Carberry, S. H. Simpson, J. A. Grieve, Y. Wang, H. Schafer, M. Steinhart, R. Bowman, G. M. Gibson, M. J. Padgett, S. Hanna, and M. J. Miles, “Calibration of optically trapped nanotools,” Nanotechnology 21(17) 175501 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Glückstad, J.

Grier, D.

D. Grier, “A revolution in optical manipulation,” Nature 424(6950), 810–816 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grier, D. G.

Grieve, J. A.

D. B. Phillips, J. A. Grieve, S. N. Olof, S. J. Kocher, R. Bowman, M. J. Padgett, M. J. Miles, and D. M. Carberry, “Surface imaging using holographic optical tweezers,” Nanotechnology 22(28), 285503 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. M. Carberry, S. H. Simpson, J. A. Grieve, Y. Wang, H. Schafer, M. Steinhart, R. Bowman, G. M. Gibson, M. J. Padgett, S. Hanna, and M. J. Miles, “Calibration of optically trapped nanotools,” Nanotechnology 21(17) 175501 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gucciardi, P. G.

O. M. Marago, P. H. Jones, F. Bonaccorso, V. Scardaci, P. G. Gucciardi, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Femtonewton force sensing with optically trapped nanotubes,” Nano Lett. 8(10), 3211–3216 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haeggstrom, E.

H. Ojala, A. Korsback, A. E. Wallin, and E. Haeggstrom, “Optical position clamping with predictive control,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(18), 181104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, S.

D. B. Phillips, D. M. Carberry, S. H. Simpson, H. Schaefer, M. Steinhart, R. Bowman, G. M. Gibson, M. J. Padgett, S. Hanna, and M. J. Miles, “Optimizing the optical trapping stiffness of holographically trapped microrods using high-speed video tracking,” J. Opt. 13(4, Sp. Iss. SI), 044023 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Carberry, S. H. Simpson, J. A. Grieve, Y. Wang, H. Schafer, M. Steinhart, R. Bowman, G. M. Gibson, M. J. Padgett, S. Hanna, and M. J. Miles, “Calibration of optically trapped nanotools,” Nanotechnology 21(17) 175501 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Simpson and S. Hanna, “Thermal motion of a holographically trapped SPM-like probe,” Nanotechnology 20(39), 395710 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heckenberg, N. R.

T. Asavei, V. L. Y. Loke, M. Barbieri, T. A. Nieminen, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Optical angular momentum transfer to microrotors fabricated by two-photon photopolymerization,” New J. Phys. 11, 093021 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y.

Jackson, J. C.

G. Gibson, D. M. Carberry, G. Whyte, J. Leach, J. Courtial, J. C. Jackson, D. Robert, M. Miles, and M. Padgett, “Holographic assembly workstation for optical manipulation,” J. Opt. A 10(4), 044009 (2008).

Jones, P. H.

O. M. Marago, P. H. Jones, F. Bonaccorso, V. Scardaci, P. G. Gucciardi, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Femtonewton force sensing with optically trapped nanotubes,” Nano Lett. 8(10), 3211–3216 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kocher, S. J.

D. B. Phillips, J. A. Grieve, S. N. Olof, S. J. Kocher, R. Bowman, M. J. Padgett, M. J. Miles, and D. M. Carberry, “Surface imaging using holographic optical tweezers,” Nanotechnology 22(28), 285503 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Korsback, A.

H. Ojala, A. Korsback, A. E. Wallin, and E. Haeggstrom, “Optical position clamping with predictive control,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(18), 181104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Leach, J.

G. Gibson, D. M. Carberry, G. Whyte, J. Leach, J. Courtial, J. C. Jackson, D. Robert, M. Miles, and M. Padgett, “Holographic assembly workstation for optical manipulation,” J. Opt. A 10(4), 044009 (2008).

Linnenberger, A.

Loke, V. L. Y.

T. Asavei, V. L. Y. Loke, M. Barbieri, T. A. Nieminen, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Optical angular momentum transfer to microrotors fabricated by two-photon photopolymerization,” New J. Phys. 11, 093021 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Marago, O. M.

O. M. Marago, P. H. Jones, F. Bonaccorso, V. Scardaci, P. G. Gucciardi, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Femtonewton force sensing with optically trapped nanotubes,” Nano Lett. 8(10), 3211–3216 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Menq, C.-H.

Miles, M.

G. Gibson, D. M. Carberry, G. Whyte, J. Leach, J. Courtial, J. C. Jackson, D. Robert, M. Miles, and M. Padgett, “Holographic assembly workstation for optical manipulation,” J. Opt. A 10(4), 044009 (2008).

Miles, M. J.

D. B. Phillips, D. M. Carberry, S. H. Simpson, H. Schaefer, M. Steinhart, R. Bowman, G. M. Gibson, M. J. Padgett, S. Hanna, and M. J. Miles, “Optimizing the optical trapping stiffness of holographically trapped microrods using high-speed video tracking,” J. Opt. 13(4, Sp. Iss. SI), 044023 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Phillips, J. A. Grieve, S. N. Olof, S. J. Kocher, R. Bowman, M. J. Padgett, M. J. Miles, and D. M. Carberry, “Surface imaging using holographic optical tweezers,” Nanotechnology 22(28), 285503 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. M. Carberry, S. H. Simpson, J. A. Grieve, Y. Wang, H. Schafer, M. Steinhart, R. Bowman, G. M. Gibson, M. J. Padgett, S. Hanna, and M. J. Miles, “Calibration of optically trapped nanotools,” Nanotechnology 21(17) 175501 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nieminen, T. A.

T. Asavei, V. L. Y. Loke, M. Barbieri, T. A. Nieminen, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Optical angular momentum transfer to microrotors fabricated by two-photon photopolymerization,” New J. Phys. 11, 093021 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ojala, H.

H. Ojala, A. Korsback, A. E. Wallin, and E. Haeggstrom, “Optical position clamping with predictive control,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(18), 181104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Olof, S. N.

D. B. Phillips, J. A. Grieve, S. N. Olof, S. J. Kocher, R. Bowman, M. J. Padgett, M. J. Miles, and D. M. Carberry, “Surface imaging using holographic optical tweezers,” Nanotechnology 22(28), 285503 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Padgett, M.

R. Bowman, G. Gibson, and M. Padgett, “Particle tracking stereomicroscopy in optical tweezers: control of trap shape,” Opt. Express 18(11), 11,785–11,790 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Preece, R. Bowman, A. Linnenberger, G. Gibson, S. Serati, and M. Padgett, “Increasing trap stiffness with position clamping in holographic optical tweezers,” Opt. Express 17(25), 22718–22725 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Gibson, D. M. Carberry, G. Whyte, J. Leach, J. Courtial, J. C. Jackson, D. Robert, M. Miles, and M. Padgett, “Holographic assembly workstation for optical manipulation,” J. Opt. A 10(4), 044009 (2008).

Padgett, M. J.

D. B. Phillips, D. M. Carberry, S. H. Simpson, H. Schaefer, M. Steinhart, R. Bowman, G. M. Gibson, M. J. Padgett, S. Hanna, and M. J. Miles, “Optimizing the optical trapping stiffness of holographically trapped microrods using high-speed video tracking,” J. Opt. 13(4, Sp. Iss. SI), 044023 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Phillips, J. A. Grieve, S. N. Olof, S. J. Kocher, R. Bowman, M. J. Padgett, M. J. Miles, and D. M. Carberry, “Surface imaging using holographic optical tweezers,” Nanotechnology 22(28), 285503 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. M. Carberry, S. H. Simpson, J. A. Grieve, Y. Wang, H. Schafer, M. Steinhart, R. Bowman, G. M. Gibson, M. J. Padgett, S. Hanna, and M. J. Miles, “Calibration of optically trapped nanotools,” Nanotechnology 21(17) 175501 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phillips, D. B.

D. B. Phillips, J. A. Grieve, S. N. Olof, S. J. Kocher, R. Bowman, M. J. Padgett, M. J. Miles, and D. M. Carberry, “Surface imaging using holographic optical tweezers,” Nanotechnology 22(28), 285503 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. B. Phillips, D. M. Carberry, S. H. Simpson, H. Schaefer, M. Steinhart, R. Bowman, G. M. Gibson, M. J. Padgett, S. Hanna, and M. J. Miles, “Optimizing the optical trapping stiffness of holographically trapped microrods using high-speed video tracking,” J. Opt. 13(4, Sp. Iss. SI), 044023 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Preece, D.

Robert, D.

G. Gibson, D. M. Carberry, G. Whyte, J. Leach, J. Courtial, J. C. Jackson, D. Robert, M. Miles, and M. Padgett, “Holographic assembly workstation for optical manipulation,” J. Opt. A 10(4), 044009 (2008).

Rodrigo, P. J.

Rozhin, A. G.

O. M. Marago, P. H. Jones, F. Bonaccorso, V. Scardaci, P. G. Gucciardi, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Femtonewton force sensing with optically trapped nanotubes,” Nano Lett. 8(10), 3211–3216 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rubinsztein-Dunlop, H.

T. Asavei, V. L. Y. Loke, M. Barbieri, T. A. Nieminen, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Optical angular momentum transfer to microrotors fabricated by two-photon photopolymerization,” New J. Phys. 11, 093021 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Scardaci, V.

O. M. Marago, P. H. Jones, F. Bonaccorso, V. Scardaci, P. G. Gucciardi, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Femtonewton force sensing with optically trapped nanotubes,” Nano Lett. 8(10), 3211–3216 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schaefer, H.

D. B. Phillips, D. M. Carberry, S. H. Simpson, H. Schaefer, M. Steinhart, R. Bowman, G. M. Gibson, M. J. Padgett, S. Hanna, and M. J. Miles, “Optimizing the optical trapping stiffness of holographically trapped microrods using high-speed video tracking,” J. Opt. 13(4, Sp. Iss. SI), 044023 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Schafer, H.

D. M. Carberry, S. H. Simpson, J. A. Grieve, Y. Wang, H. Schafer, M. Steinhart, R. Bowman, G. M. Gibson, M. J. Padgett, S. Hanna, and M. J. Miles, “Calibration of optically trapped nanotools,” Nanotechnology 21(17) 175501 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Serati, S.

Simpson, S. H.

D. B. Phillips, D. M. Carberry, S. H. Simpson, H. Schaefer, M. Steinhart, R. Bowman, G. M. Gibson, M. J. Padgett, S. Hanna, and M. J. Miles, “Optimizing the optical trapping stiffness of holographically trapped microrods using high-speed video tracking,” J. Opt. 13(4, Sp. Iss. SI), 044023 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Carberry, S. H. Simpson, J. A. Grieve, Y. Wang, H. Schafer, M. Steinhart, R. Bowman, G. M. Gibson, M. J. Padgett, S. Hanna, and M. J. Miles, “Calibration of optically trapped nanotools,” Nanotechnology 21(17) 175501 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Simpson and S. Hanna, “Thermal motion of a holographically trapped SPM-like probe,” Nanotechnology 20(39), 395710 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steinhart, M.

D. B. Phillips, D. M. Carberry, S. H. Simpson, H. Schaefer, M. Steinhart, R. Bowman, G. M. Gibson, M. J. Padgett, S. Hanna, and M. J. Miles, “Optimizing the optical trapping stiffness of holographically trapped microrods using high-speed video tracking,” J. Opt. 13(4, Sp. Iss. SI), 044023 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Carberry, S. H. Simpson, J. A. Grieve, Y. Wang, H. Schafer, M. Steinhart, R. Bowman, G. M. Gibson, M. J. Padgett, S. Hanna, and M. J. Miles, “Calibration of optically trapped nanotools,” Nanotechnology 21(17) 175501 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wallin, A. E.

H. Ojala, A. Korsback, A. E. Wallin, and E. Haeggstrom, “Optical position clamping with predictive control,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(18), 181104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

D. M. Carberry, S. H. Simpson, J. A. Grieve, Y. Wang, H. Schafer, M. Steinhart, R. Bowman, G. M. Gibson, M. J. Padgett, S. Hanna, and M. J. Miles, “Calibration of optically trapped nanotools,” Nanotechnology 21(17) 175501 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Whyte, G.

G. Gibson, D. M. Carberry, G. Whyte, J. Leach, J. Courtial, J. C. Jackson, D. Robert, M. Miles, and M. Padgett, “Holographic assembly workstation for optical manipulation,” J. Opt. A 10(4), 044009 (2008).

Wulff, K. D.

Zhang, Z.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. Ojala, A. Korsback, A. E. Wallin, and E. Haeggstrom, “Optical position clamping with predictive control,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(18), 181104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. (1)

D. B. Phillips, D. M. Carberry, S. H. Simpson, H. Schaefer, M. Steinhart, R. Bowman, G. M. Gibson, M. J. Padgett, S. Hanna, and M. J. Miles, “Optimizing the optical trapping stiffness of holographically trapped microrods using high-speed video tracking,” J. Opt. 13(4, Sp. Iss. SI), 044023 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A (1)

G. Gibson, D. M. Carberry, G. Whyte, J. Leach, J. Courtial, J. C. Jackson, D. Robert, M. Miles, and M. Padgett, “Holographic assembly workstation for optical manipulation,” J. Opt. A 10(4), 044009 (2008).

Nano Lett. (1)

O. M. Marago, P. H. Jones, F. Bonaccorso, V. Scardaci, P. G. Gucciardi, A. G. Rozhin, and A. C. Ferrari, “Femtonewton force sensing with optically trapped nanotubes,” Nano Lett. 8(10), 3211–3216 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nanotechnology (3)

D. B. Phillips, J. A. Grieve, S. N. Olof, S. J. Kocher, R. Bowman, M. J. Padgett, M. J. Miles, and D. M. Carberry, “Surface imaging using holographic optical tweezers,” Nanotechnology 22(28), 285503 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. M. Carberry, S. H. Simpson, J. A. Grieve, Y. Wang, H. Schafer, M. Steinhart, R. Bowman, G. M. Gibson, M. J. Padgett, S. Hanna, and M. J. Miles, “Calibration of optically trapped nanotools,” Nanotechnology 21(17) 175501 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Simpson and S. Hanna, “Thermal motion of a holographically trapped SPM-like probe,” Nanotechnology 20(39), 395710 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

D. Grier, “A revolution in optical manipulation,” Nature 424(6950), 810–816 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New J. Phys. (1)

T. Asavei, V. L. Y. Loke, M. Barbieri, T. A. Nieminen, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Optical angular momentum transfer to microrotors fabricated by two-photon photopolymerization,” New J. Phys. 11, 093021 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optical image of a diatom probe trapped using two optical traps (denoted by white crosses), one positioned over each frustule. x is the measurement direction. L is the distance from x(0) to the probe tip.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(A) presents the mode correlation matrix showing minimal coupling between modes, (B) and (C) shows effective stiffnesses versus feedback gain. The lower trapping stiffness of the x-component is due to the elongation of the trapping frustules along that axis, see Figure 1. (D) shows traces demonstrating independent mode clamping. There is some limited crosstalk between different modes as the correlations are small but non zero. (E) shows the spread of probe tip positions under different combinations of clamped modes shown in (D). Dark blue indicates unclamped data. Green indicates translational clamping only. Light blue indicates all three modes simultaneously clamped, achieving the lowest tip variance. Red indicates clamping only in y and θ, therefore retaining probing functionality along the measurement direction x.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Control of the location of the average centre of rotation along the length of the probe, with the traps placed 12 μm apart. (a) Control by varying the relative intensity of the trapping beams. (b) Control by variation of the y-θ term in the gain matrix enabling the centre of rotation to be moved outside the region between the two traps.

Equations (4)

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( x y ) = R ( θ ¯ ) ( ( x 1 , lab + x 2 , lab ) / 2 x ¯ lab ( y 1 , lab + y 2 , lab ) / 2 y ¯ lab ) , θ = arctan ( y 2 , lab y 1 , lab x 2 , lab x 1 , lab ) θ ¯
f m = x 2 / y 2 ( λ ) , where y 2 ( λ ) = y ( 0 ) 2 + 2 λ y ( 0 ) θ + λ 2 θ 2
λ y 2 ( λ ) = 0 , λ min = y ( 0 ) θ θ 2
( Δ T x Δ T y Δ T θ ) = ( g x 0 0 0 g y α 0 0 g θ ) ( x y θ )

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