Abstract

This paper presents a 3D display based on the coarse integral volumetric imaging (CIVI) technique. Though expression of focal effect and specular light is enabled by combining volumetric and multiview solutions, the image qualities of conventional systems have stayed low. In this paper high quality 3D image is attained with the CIVI technology, which compensates distortion and discontinuity of image based on the optical calculations. In addition, compact system design by layering color and monochrome panels is proposed.

© 2011 OSA

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  14. S. Suyama, H. Takada, K. Uehira, S. Sakai, and S. Ohtsuka, “A Novel Direct-Vision 3-D Display using Luminance-Modulated Two 2-D Images Displayed at Different Depths,” in SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, vol. 31 (2000), pp. 1208–1211.
  15. S. Suyama, H. Takada, and S. Ohtsuka, “A Direct-Vision 3-D Display Using a New Depth-fusing Perceptual Phenomenon in 2-D Displays with Different Depths,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E85-C, 1911–1915 (2002).
  16. H. Kakeya and Y. Arakawa, “Autostereoscopic Display with Real-image Virtual Screen and Light Filters,” Proc. SPIE 4660, 349–357 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  17. H. Kakeya, “Real-Image-Based Autostereoscopic Display Using LCD, Mirrors, and Lenses,” Proc. SPIE 5006, 98–108 (2003).

2010 (1)

H. Kakeya, T. Kurokawa, and Y. Mano, “Electronic realization of coarse integral volumetric imaging with wide viewing angle,” Proc. SPIE 7524, 752411 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

H. Kakeya, “Improving image quality of coarse integral volumetric display,” Proc. SPIE 7237, 723726 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

H. Kakeya, “Coarse integral imaging and its applications,” Proc. SPIE 6803, 680317 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (4)

2006 (2)

Y. Kim, J.-H. Park, H. Choi, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, and B. Lee, “Depth-enhanced three-dimensional integral imaging by use of multilayered display devices,” Appl. Opt. 45(18), 4334–4343 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Yasui, I. Matsuda, and H. Kakeya, “Combining volumetric edge display and multiview display for expression of natural 3D images,” Proc. SPIE 6055, 60550Y (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

2002 (2)

S. Suyama, H. Takada, and S. Ohtsuka, “A Direct-Vision 3-D Display Using a New Depth-fusing Perceptual Phenomenon in 2-D Displays with Different Depths,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E85-C, 1911–1915 (2002).

H. Kakeya and Y. Arakawa, “Autostereoscopic Display with Real-image Virtual Screen and Light Filters,” Proc. SPIE 4660, 349–357 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

1908 (1)

G. Lippmann, “La photograhie integrale,” C. R. Acad. Sci. 146, 446–451 (1908).

Arakawa, Y.

H. Kakeya and Y. Arakawa, “Autostereoscopic Display with Real-image Virtual Screen and Light Filters,” Proc. SPIE 4660, 349–357 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cho, S.-W.

Choi, H.

Cossairt, O. S.

Dorval, R. K.

Ebisu, H.

H. Ebisu, T. Kimura, and H. Kakeya, “Realization of electronic 3D display combining multiview and volumentric solutions,” Proc. SPIE 6490, 64900Y (2007).
[CrossRef]

Favalora, G. E.

Hill, S. L.

Javidi, B.

Jung, S.

Kakeya, H.

H. Kakeya, T. Kurokawa, and Y. Mano, “Electronic realization of coarse integral volumetric imaging with wide viewing angle,” Proc. SPIE 7524, 752411 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Kakeya, “Improving image quality of coarse integral volumetric display,” Proc. SPIE 7237, 723726 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Kakeya, “Coarse integral imaging and its applications,” Proc. SPIE 6803, 680317 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Ebisu, T. Kimura, and H. Kakeya, “Realization of electronic 3D display combining multiview and volumentric solutions,” Proc. SPIE 6490, 64900Y (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Kakeya, “MOEVision: simple multiview display with clear floating image,” Proc. SPIE 6490, 64900J (2007).

R. Yasui, I. Matsuda, and H. Kakeya, “Combining volumetric edge display and multiview display for expression of natural 3D images,” Proc. SPIE 6055, 60550Y (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Kakeya, “Real-Image-Based Autostereoscopic Display Using LCD, Mirrors, and Lenses,” Proc. SPIE 5006, 98–108 (2003).

H. Kakeya and Y. Arakawa, “Autostereoscopic Display with Real-image Virtual Screen and Light Filters,” Proc. SPIE 4660, 349–357 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

Kim, Y.

Kimura, T.

H. Ebisu, T. Kimura, and H. Kakeya, “Realization of electronic 3D display combining multiview and volumentric solutions,” Proc. SPIE 6490, 64900Y (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kurokawa, T.

H. Kakeya, T. Kurokawa, and Y. Mano, “Electronic realization of coarse integral volumetric imaging with wide viewing angle,” Proc. SPIE 7524, 752411 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B.

Lippmann, G.

G. Lippmann, “La photograhie integrale,” C. R. Acad. Sci. 146, 446–451 (1908).

Mano, Y.

H. Kakeya, T. Kurokawa, and Y. Mano, “Electronic realization of coarse integral volumetric imaging with wide viewing angle,” Proc. SPIE 7524, 752411 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Matsuda, I.

R. Yasui, I. Matsuda, and H. Kakeya, “Combining volumetric edge display and multiview display for expression of natural 3D images,” Proc. SPIE 6055, 60550Y (2006).
[CrossRef]

Min, S.-W.

Napoli, J.

Ohtsuka, S.

S. Suyama, H. Takada, and S. Ohtsuka, “A Direct-Vision 3-D Display Using a New Depth-fusing Perceptual Phenomenon in 2-D Displays with Different Depths,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E85-C, 1911–1915 (2002).

Park, G.

Park, J.-H.

Suyama, S.

S. Suyama, H. Takada, and S. Ohtsuka, “A Direct-Vision 3-D Display Using a New Depth-fusing Perceptual Phenomenon in 2-D Displays with Different Depths,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E85-C, 1911–1915 (2002).

Takada, H.

S. Suyama, H. Takada, and S. Ohtsuka, “A Direct-Vision 3-D Display Using a New Depth-fusing Perceptual Phenomenon in 2-D Displays with Different Depths,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E85-C, 1911–1915 (2002).

Yasui, R.

R. Yasui, I. Matsuda, and H. Kakeya, “Combining volumetric edge display and multiview display for expression of natural 3D images,” Proc. SPIE 6055, 60550Y (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (4)

C. R. Acad. Sci. (1)

G. Lippmann, “La photograhie integrale,” C. R. Acad. Sci. 146, 446–451 (1908).

IEICE Trans. Electron. (1)

S. Suyama, H. Takada, and S. Ohtsuka, “A Direct-Vision 3-D Display Using a New Depth-fusing Perceptual Phenomenon in 2-D Displays with Different Depths,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E85-C, 1911–1915 (2002).

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (8)

H. Kakeya, “Coarse integral imaging and its applications,” Proc. SPIE 6803, 680317 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Kakeya, “MOEVision: simple multiview display with clear floating image,” Proc. SPIE 6490, 64900J (2007).

H. Kakeya, “Improving image quality of coarse integral volumetric display,” Proc. SPIE 7237, 723726 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Kakeya, T. Kurokawa, and Y. Mano, “Electronic realization of coarse integral volumetric imaging with wide viewing angle,” Proc. SPIE 7524, 752411 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Kakeya and Y. Arakawa, “Autostereoscopic Display with Real-image Virtual Screen and Light Filters,” Proc. SPIE 4660, 349–357 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Kakeya, “Real-Image-Based Autostereoscopic Display Using LCD, Mirrors, and Lenses,” Proc. SPIE 5006, 98–108 (2003).

R. Yasui, I. Matsuda, and H. Kakeya, “Combining volumetric edge display and multiview display for expression of natural 3D images,” Proc. SPIE 6055, 60550Y (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Ebisu, T. Kimura, and H. Kakeya, “Realization of electronic 3D display combining multiview and volumentric solutions,” Proc. SPIE 6490, 64900Y (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

S. Suyama, H. Takada, K. Uehira, S. Sakai, and S. Ohtsuka, “A Novel Direct-Vision 3-D Display using Luminance-Modulated Two 2-D Images Displayed at Different Depths,” in SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, vol. 31 (2000), pp. 1208–1211.

Supplementary Material (2)

» Media 1: MPG (1262 KB)     
» Media 2: MPG (1344 KB)     

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Simple multilayer integral imaging: (a) Design; (b) Observed image.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Principle of coarse integral volumetric imaging (CIVI): (a) layering multiple color panels; (b) layering a color panel and monochrome panels.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

DFD for curved image plane: (a) 3D pixel expression with multiple color panels; (b) 3D pixel expression with a color panel and multiple monochrome panels.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Directions of vectors p, q, n.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Type of Fresnel lens used in the simulation and the experiment.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Results of optical simulations calculating distortions of elemental images whose centers are at (a) (2,0,0), (b) (6,0,0), (c) (2,4,0), (d) (6,4,0) in xyz coordinate respectively.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

uvw coordinate to simplify geometry of optical distortion.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

3D distortions (in uvw coordinate) of elemental images whose centers are at (a) (2,0,0), (b) (6,0,0), (c) (2,4,0), (d) (6,4,0) in xyz coordinate.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

2D distortions (in uv coordinate) of elemental images (lattice points) whose centers are at (a) (2,0,0), (b) (6,0,0), (c) (2,4,0), (d) (6,4,0) in xyz coordinate. Bright squares and dark diamonds show the lattice points on the front panel and the back panel respectively.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Hardware, elemental images, and observed images of the first prototype (Media 1).

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Hardware, elemental images, and observed images of the second prototype (Media 2).

Equations (14)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

( R A , G A , B A )= d B (r,g,b)/( d A + d B )
( R B , G B , B B )= d A (r,g,b)/( d A + d B )
(R,G,B)=L(r,g,b)/M
αβ=M/L,
(1α):(1β)= d B : d A ,
q x =(p x s n x )/N,
q y =(p y s n y )/N,
q z =(p z s n z )/N,
s=t+ t 2 + N 2 1 ,
t= p x n x + p y n y + p z n z ,
N= N q / N p ,
n x =x/ x 2 + y 2 + f 2 ,
n y =y/ x 2 + y 2 + f 2 ,
n z =1+ N 2 ( x 2 + y 2 )/( x 2 + y 2 + f 2 )

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