Abstract

The electron localization in the dissociation of the asymmetric charged molecular ion HeH2+ exposed to an intense few-cycle laser pulse is studied by solving numerically the 3D time-dependent Schrödinger equation. By varying the carrier-envelope phase (CEP) and the intensity of the pulse, the upward shift of the localization probability and the suppression of the dissociation channel He2++H are observed. Our analysis shows that the phenomenon is attributed to the asymmetric structure of the molecule as well as the recollision-assistant field-induced ionization of the electron wave packets localized on H+ in the trailing of the pulse.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. V. Roudnev and B. D. Esry, “HD+ in a short strong laser pulse: Practical consideration of the observability of carrier-envelope phase effects,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 023403 (2007).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  27. A. Kenfack, F. Marquardt, G. K. Paramonov, I. Barth, C. Lasser, and B. Paulus, “Initial-state dependence of coupled electronic and nuclear fluxes in molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 052502 (2010)
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and Y. Li, “Control of the launch of attosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 063423 (2007)
    [CrossRef]
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2010 (5)

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763 (2010)
[CrossRef]

K. P. Singh, F. He, P. Ranitovic, W. Cao, S. De, D. Ray, S. Chen, U. Thumm, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Control of electron localization in deuterium molecular ions using an attosecond pulse train and a many-cycle infrared pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 023001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Fischer, M. Kremer, T. Pfeifer, B. Feuerstein, V. Sharma, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Steering the electron in H2+ by nuclear wave packet dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 223001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Calvert, R. B. King, W. A. Bryan, W. R. Newell, J. F. McCann, J. B. Greenwood, and I. D. Williams, “Multi-pulse scheme for enhancing electron localization through vibrational wavepacket manipulation,” J. Phys. B 43, 011001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Kenfack, F. Marquardt, G. K. Paramonov, I. Barth, C. Lasser, and B. Paulus, “Initial-state dependence of coupled electronic and nuclear fluxes in molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 052502 (2010)
[CrossRef]

2009 (6)

I. Kumitriu and A. Saenz, “Photodissociation of the HeH+ molecular ion,” J. Phys. B 42, 165101 (2009)
[CrossRef]

W. Hong, P. Lu, Q. Li, and Q. Zhang, “Broadband water window supercontinuum generation with a tailored mid-IR pulse in neutral media,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2102–2104 (2009)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond control of electron dynamics in carbon monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 103002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Kremer, B. Fischer, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, V. Sharma, C. Hofrichter, A. Rudenko, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Electron localization in molecular fragmentation of H2 by carrier-envelope phase stabilized laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 213003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Ray, F. He, S. De, W. Cao, H. Mashiko, P. Ranitovic, K. P. Singh, I. Znakovskaya, U. Thumm, G. G. Paulus, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Ion-energy dependence of asymmetric dissociation of D2 by a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 223201 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

2007 (8)

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and Y. Li, “Control of the launch of attosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 063423 (2007)
[CrossRef]

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, X. Wang, and W. Hong, “Single attosecond pulse generation from asymmetric molecules with a multicycle laser pulse,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1186–1188 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Roudnev and B. D. Esry, “HD+ in a short strong laser pulse: Practical consideration of the observability of carrier-envelope phase effects,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 023403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Corkum and F. Krausz, “Attosecond science,” Nat. Phys. 3, 381–387 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Staudte, D. Pavic̆ić, S. Chelkowski, D. Zeidler, M. Meckel, H. Niikura, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, B. Ulrich, P.P. Rajeev, Th. Weber, T. Jahnke, D. M. Villeneuve, A. D. Bandrauk, C. L. Cocke, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Attosecond strobing of two-surface population dynamics in dissociating H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 073003 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. M. Tong and C. D. Lin, “Dynamics of light-field control of molecular dissociation at the few-cycle limit,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 123002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gräfe and M. Yu. Ivanov, “Effective fields in laser-driven electron recollision and charge localization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 163603 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. He, C. Ruiz, and A. Becker, “Control of electron excitation and localization in the dissociation of H2+ and its isotopes using two sequential ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 083002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, Th. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312, 246–248 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

G. L. Kamta and A. D. Bandrauk, “Phase dependence of enhanced ionization in asymmetric molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

J. H. Posthumus, “The dynamics of small molecules in intense laser fields,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 67, 623–665 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Bandrauk, S. Chelkowski, and H. S. Nguyen, “Attosecond Localization of Electrons in Molecules,” Int. J. Quant. Chem. 100, 834–844 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Roudnev, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Controlling HD+ and H+2 dissociation with the carrier-envelope phase difference of an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 163601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (2)

I. Ben-Itzhak, I. Gertner, O. Heber, and B. Rosner, “Experimental evidence for the existence of the 2pσ bound state of HeH2+ and its decay mechanism,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1347–1350 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994–1997 (1993)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1961 (1)

J. R. Hiskes, “Dissociation of molecular ions by electric and magnetic fields,” Phys. Rev. 122, 1207–1217 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Bandrauk, A. D.

A. Staudte, D. Pavic̆ić, S. Chelkowski, D. Zeidler, M. Meckel, H. Niikura, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, B. Ulrich, P.P. Rajeev, Th. Weber, T. Jahnke, D. M. Villeneuve, A. D. Bandrauk, C. L. Cocke, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Attosecond strobing of two-surface population dynamics in dissociating H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 073003 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. L. Kamta and A. D. Bandrauk, “Phase dependence of enhanced ionization in asymmetric molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. D. Bandrauk, S. Chelkowski, and H. S. Nguyen, “Attosecond Localization of Electrons in Molecules,” Int. J. Quant. Chem. 100, 834–844 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Barth, I.

A. Kenfack, F. Marquardt, G. K. Paramonov, I. Barth, C. Lasser, and B. Paulus, “Initial-state dependence of coupled electronic and nuclear fluxes in molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 052502 (2010)
[CrossRef]

Becker, A.

K. P. Singh, F. He, P. Ranitovic, W. Cao, S. De, D. Ray, S. Chen, U. Thumm, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Control of electron localization in deuterium molecular ions using an attosecond pulse train and a many-cycle infrared pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 023001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. He, A. Becker, and U. Thumm, “Strong-field modulated diffraction effects in the correlated electron-nuclear motion in dissociating H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 213002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. He, C. Ruiz, and A. Becker, “Control of electron excitation and localization in the dissociation of H2+ and its isotopes using two sequential ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 083002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benedetti, E.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763 (2010)
[CrossRef]

Ben-Itzhak, I.

V. Roudnev, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Controlling HD+ and H+2 dissociation with the carrier-envelope phase difference of an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 163601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Ben-Itzhak, I. Gertner, O. Heber, and B. Rosner, “Experimental evidence for the existence of the 2pσ bound state of HeH2+ and its decay mechanism,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1347–1350 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bryan, W. A.

C. Calvert, R. B. King, W. A. Bryan, W. R. Newell, J. F. McCann, J. B. Greenwood, and I. D. Williams, “Multi-pulse scheme for enhancing electron localization through vibrational wavepacket manipulation,” J. Phys. B 43, 011001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Calvert, C.

C. Calvert, R. B. King, W. A. Bryan, W. R. Newell, J. F. McCann, J. B. Greenwood, and I. D. Williams, “Multi-pulse scheme for enhancing electron localization through vibrational wavepacket manipulation,” J. Phys. B 43, 011001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cao, W.

K. P. Singh, F. He, P. Ranitovic, W. Cao, S. De, D. Ray, S. Chen, U. Thumm, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Control of electron localization in deuterium molecular ions using an attosecond pulse train and a many-cycle infrared pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 023001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Ray, F. He, S. De, W. Cao, H. Mashiko, P. Ranitovic, K. P. Singh, I. Znakovskaya, U. Thumm, G. G. Paulus, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Ion-energy dependence of asymmetric dissociation of D2 by a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 223201 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, X. Wang, and W. Hong, “Single attosecond pulse generation from asymmetric molecules with a multicycle laser pulse,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1186–1188 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and Y. Li, “Control of the launch of attosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 063423 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Chelkowski, S.

A. Staudte, D. Pavic̆ić, S. Chelkowski, D. Zeidler, M. Meckel, H. Niikura, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, B. Ulrich, P.P. Rajeev, Th. Weber, T. Jahnke, D. M. Villeneuve, A. D. Bandrauk, C. L. Cocke, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Attosecond strobing of two-surface population dynamics in dissociating H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 073003 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. D. Bandrauk, S. Chelkowski, and H. S. Nguyen, “Attosecond Localization of Electrons in Molecules,” Int. J. Quant. Chem. 100, 834–844 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S.

K. P. Singh, F. He, P. Ranitovic, W. Cao, S. De, D. Ray, S. Chen, U. Thumm, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Control of electron localization in deuterium molecular ions using an attosecond pulse train and a many-cycle infrared pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 023001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cocke, C. L.

K. P. Singh, F. He, P. Ranitovic, W. Cao, S. De, D. Ray, S. Chen, U. Thumm, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Control of electron localization in deuterium molecular ions using an attosecond pulse train and a many-cycle infrared pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 023001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Ray, F. He, S. De, W. Cao, H. Mashiko, P. Ranitovic, K. P. Singh, I. Znakovskaya, U. Thumm, G. G. Paulus, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Ion-energy dependence of asymmetric dissociation of D2 by a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 223201 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Staudte, D. Pavic̆ić, S. Chelkowski, D. Zeidler, M. Meckel, H. Niikura, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, B. Ulrich, P.P. Rajeev, Th. Weber, T. Jahnke, D. M. Villeneuve, A. D. Bandrauk, C. L. Cocke, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Attosecond strobing of two-surface population dynamics in dissociating H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 073003 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corkum, P. B.

A. Staudte, D. Pavic̆ić, S. Chelkowski, D. Zeidler, M. Meckel, H. Niikura, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, B. Ulrich, P.P. Rajeev, Th. Weber, T. Jahnke, D. M. Villeneuve, A. D. Bandrauk, C. L. Cocke, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Attosecond strobing of two-surface population dynamics in dissociating H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 073003 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum and F. Krausz, “Attosecond science,” Nat. Phys. 3, 381–387 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994–1997 (1993)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De, S.

K. P. Singh, F. He, P. Ranitovic, W. Cao, S. De, D. Ray, S. Chen, U. Thumm, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Control of electron localization in deuterium molecular ions using an attosecond pulse train and a many-cycle infrared pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 023001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Ray, F. He, S. De, W. Cao, H. Mashiko, P. Ranitovic, K. P. Singh, I. Znakovskaya, U. Thumm, G. G. Paulus, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Ion-energy dependence of asymmetric dissociation of D2 by a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 223201 (2009).
[CrossRef]

de Jesus, V. L. B.

M. Kremer, B. Fischer, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, V. Sharma, C. Hofrichter, A. Rudenko, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Electron localization in molecular fragmentation of H2 by carrier-envelope phase stabilized laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 213003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

de Vivie-Riedle, R.

I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond control of electron dynamics in carbon monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 103002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dörner, R.

A. Staudte, D. Pavic̆ić, S. Chelkowski, D. Zeidler, M. Meckel, H. Niikura, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, B. Ulrich, P.P. Rajeev, Th. Weber, T. Jahnke, D. M. Villeneuve, A. D. Bandrauk, C. L. Cocke, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Attosecond strobing of two-surface population dynamics in dissociating H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 073003 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Drescher, M.

M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, Th. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312, 246–248 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Esry, B. D.

V. Roudnev and B. D. Esry, “HD+ in a short strong laser pulse: Practical consideration of the observability of carrier-envelope phase effects,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 023403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Roudnev, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Controlling HD+ and H+2 dissociation with the carrier-envelope phase difference of an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 163601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferrari, F.

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G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763 (2010)
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A. Staudte, D. Pavic̆ić, S. Chelkowski, D. Zeidler, M. Meckel, H. Niikura, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, B. Ulrich, P.P. Rajeev, Th. Weber, T. Jahnke, D. M. Villeneuve, A. D. Bandrauk, C. L. Cocke, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Attosecond strobing of two-surface population dynamics in dissociating H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 073003 (2007).
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G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763 (2010)
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C. Calvert, R. B. King, W. A. Bryan, W. R. Newell, J. F. McCann, J. B. Greenwood, and I. D. Williams, “Multi-pulse scheme for enhancing electron localization through vibrational wavepacket manipulation,” J. Phys. B 43, 011001 (2010).
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G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763 (2010)
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D. Ray, F. He, S. De, W. Cao, H. Mashiko, P. Ranitovic, K. P. Singh, I. Znakovskaya, U. Thumm, G. G. Paulus, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Ion-energy dependence of asymmetric dissociation of D2 by a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 223201 (2009).
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M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, Th. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312, 246–248 (2006).
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M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, Th. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312, 246–248 (2006).
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B. Fischer, M. Kremer, T. Pfeifer, B. Feuerstein, V. Sharma, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Steering the electron in H2+ by nuclear wave packet dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 223001 (2010).
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M. Kremer, B. Fischer, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, V. Sharma, C. Hofrichter, A. Rudenko, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Electron localization in molecular fragmentation of H2 by carrier-envelope phase stabilized laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 213003 (2009).
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G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763 (2010)
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Lasser, C.

A. Kenfack, F. Marquardt, G. K. Paramonov, I. Barth, C. Lasser, and B. Paulus, “Initial-state dependence of coupled electronic and nuclear fluxes in molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 052502 (2010)
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G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763 (2010)
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D. Ray, F. He, S. De, W. Cao, H. Mashiko, P. Ranitovic, K. P. Singh, I. Znakovskaya, U. Thumm, G. G. Paulus, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Ion-energy dependence of asymmetric dissociation of D2 by a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 223201 (2009).
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G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763 (2010)
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D. Ray, F. He, S. De, W. Cao, H. Mashiko, P. Ranitovic, K. P. Singh, I. Znakovskaya, U. Thumm, G. G. Paulus, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Ion-energy dependence of asymmetric dissociation of D2 by a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 223201 (2009).
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C. Calvert, R. B. King, W. A. Bryan, W. R. Newell, J. F. McCann, J. B. Greenwood, and I. D. Williams, “Multi-pulse scheme for enhancing electron localization through vibrational wavepacket manipulation,” J. Phys. B 43, 011001 (2010).
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A. Staudte, D. Pavic̆ić, S. Chelkowski, D. Zeidler, M. Meckel, H. Niikura, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, B. Ulrich, P.P. Rajeev, Th. Weber, T. Jahnke, D. M. Villeneuve, A. D. Bandrauk, C. L. Cocke, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Attosecond strobing of two-surface population dynamics in dissociating H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 073003 (2007).
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G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763 (2010)
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B. Fischer, M. Kremer, T. Pfeifer, B. Feuerstein, V. Sharma, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Steering the electron in H2+ by nuclear wave packet dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 223001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Kremer, B. Fischer, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, V. Sharma, C. Hofrichter, A. Rudenko, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Electron localization in molecular fragmentation of H2 by carrier-envelope phase stabilized laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 213003 (2009).
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K. P. Singh, F. He, P. Ranitovic, W. Cao, S. De, D. Ray, S. Chen, U. Thumm, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Control of electron localization in deuterium molecular ions using an attosecond pulse train and a many-cycle infrared pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 023001 (2010).
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C. Calvert, R. B. King, W. A. Bryan, W. R. Newell, J. F. McCann, J. B. Greenwood, and I. D. Williams, “Multi-pulse scheme for enhancing electron localization through vibrational wavepacket manipulation,” J. Phys. B 43, 011001 (2010).
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M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, Th. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312, 246–248 (2006).
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A. Staudte, D. Pavic̆ić, S. Chelkowski, D. Zeidler, M. Meckel, H. Niikura, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, B. Ulrich, P.P. Rajeev, Th. Weber, T. Jahnke, D. M. Villeneuve, A. D. Bandrauk, C. L. Cocke, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Attosecond strobing of two-surface population dynamics in dissociating H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 073003 (2007).
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Nisoli, M.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763 (2010)
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A. Kenfack, F. Marquardt, G. K. Paramonov, I. Barth, C. Lasser, and B. Paulus, “Initial-state dependence of coupled electronic and nuclear fluxes in molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 052502 (2010)
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Paulus, B.

A. Kenfack, F. Marquardt, G. K. Paramonov, I. Barth, C. Lasser, and B. Paulus, “Initial-state dependence of coupled electronic and nuclear fluxes in molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 052502 (2010)
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D. Ray, F. He, S. De, W. Cao, H. Mashiko, P. Ranitovic, K. P. Singh, I. Znakovskaya, U. Thumm, G. G. Paulus, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Ion-energy dependence of asymmetric dissociation of D2 by a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 223201 (2009).
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A. Staudte, D. Pavic̆ić, S. Chelkowski, D. Zeidler, M. Meckel, H. Niikura, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, B. Ulrich, P.P. Rajeev, Th. Weber, T. Jahnke, D. M. Villeneuve, A. D. Bandrauk, C. L. Cocke, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Attosecond strobing of two-surface population dynamics in dissociating H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 073003 (2007).
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G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763 (2010)
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Pfeifer, T.

B. Fischer, M. Kremer, T. Pfeifer, B. Feuerstein, V. Sharma, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Steering the electron in H2+ by nuclear wave packet dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 223001 (2010).
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A. Staudte, D. Pavic̆ić, S. Chelkowski, D. Zeidler, M. Meckel, H. Niikura, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, B. Ulrich, P.P. Rajeev, Th. Weber, T. Jahnke, D. M. Villeneuve, A. D. Bandrauk, C. L. Cocke, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Attosecond strobing of two-surface population dynamics in dissociating H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 073003 (2007).
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Ranitovic, P.

K. P. Singh, F. He, P. Ranitovic, W. Cao, S. De, D. Ray, S. Chen, U. Thumm, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Control of electron localization in deuterium molecular ions using an attosecond pulse train and a many-cycle infrared pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 023001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Ray, F. He, S. De, W. Cao, H. Mashiko, P. Ranitovic, K. P. Singh, I. Znakovskaya, U. Thumm, G. G. Paulus, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Ion-energy dependence of asymmetric dissociation of D2 by a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 223201 (2009).
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K. P. Singh, F. He, P. Ranitovic, W. Cao, S. De, D. Ray, S. Chen, U. Thumm, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Control of electron localization in deuterium molecular ions using an attosecond pulse train and a many-cycle infrared pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 023001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Ray, F. He, S. De, W. Cao, H. Mashiko, P. Ranitovic, K. P. Singh, I. Znakovskaya, U. Thumm, G. G. Paulus, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Ion-energy dependence of asymmetric dissociation of D2 by a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 223201 (2009).
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I. Ben-Itzhak, I. Gertner, O. Heber, and B. Rosner, “Experimental evidence for the existence of the 2pσ bound state of HeH2+ and its decay mechanism,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1347–1350 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roudnev, V.

V. Roudnev and B. D. Esry, “HD+ in a short strong laser pulse: Practical consideration of the observability of carrier-envelope phase effects,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 023403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Roudnev, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Controlling HD+ and H+2 dissociation with the carrier-envelope phase difference of an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 163601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rudenko, A.

M. Kremer, B. Fischer, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, V. Sharma, C. Hofrichter, A. Rudenko, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Electron localization in molecular fragmentation of H2 by carrier-envelope phase stabilized laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 213003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ruiz, C.

F. He, C. Ruiz, and A. Becker, “Control of electron excitation and localization in the dissociation of H2+ and its isotopes using two sequential ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 083002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saenz, A.

I. Kumitriu and A. Saenz, “Photodissociation of the HeH+ molecular ion,” J. Phys. B 42, 165101 (2009)
[CrossRef]

Sansone, G.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763 (2010)
[CrossRef]

Sanz-Vicario, J. L.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763 (2010)
[CrossRef]

Schöffler, M.

A. Staudte, D. Pavic̆ić, S. Chelkowski, D. Zeidler, M. Meckel, H. Niikura, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, B. Ulrich, P.P. Rajeev, Th. Weber, T. Jahnke, D. M. Villeneuve, A. D. Bandrauk, C. L. Cocke, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Attosecond strobing of two-surface population dynamics in dissociating H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 073003 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schössler, S.

A. Staudte, D. Pavic̆ić, S. Chelkowski, D. Zeidler, M. Meckel, H. Niikura, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, B. Ulrich, P.P. Rajeev, Th. Weber, T. Jahnke, D. M. Villeneuve, A. D. Bandrauk, C. L. Cocke, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Attosecond strobing of two-surface population dynamics in dissociating H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 073003 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schröter, C. D.

B. Fischer, M. Kremer, T. Pfeifer, B. Feuerstein, V. Sharma, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Steering the electron in H2+ by nuclear wave packet dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 223001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Kremer, B. Fischer, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, V. Sharma, C. Hofrichter, A. Rudenko, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Electron localization in molecular fragmentation of H2 by carrier-envelope phase stabilized laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 213003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schultze, M.

M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, Th. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312, 246–248 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sharma, V.

B. Fischer, M. Kremer, T. Pfeifer, B. Feuerstein, V. Sharma, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Steering the electron in H2+ by nuclear wave packet dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 223001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Kremer, B. Fischer, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, V. Sharma, C. Hofrichter, A. Rudenko, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Electron localization in molecular fragmentation of H2 by carrier-envelope phase stabilized laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 213003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Siedschlag, Ch.

M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, Th. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312, 246–248 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Singh, K. P.

K. P. Singh, F. He, P. Ranitovic, W. Cao, S. De, D. Ray, S. Chen, U. Thumm, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Control of electron localization in deuterium molecular ions using an attosecond pulse train and a many-cycle infrared pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 023001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Ray, F. He, S. De, W. Cao, H. Mashiko, P. Ranitovic, K. P. Singh, I. Znakovskaya, U. Thumm, G. G. Paulus, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Ion-energy dependence of asymmetric dissociation of D2 by a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 223201 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Siu, W.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763 (2010)
[CrossRef]

Staudte, A.

A. Staudte, D. Pavic̆ić, S. Chelkowski, D. Zeidler, M. Meckel, H. Niikura, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, B. Ulrich, P.P. Rajeev, Th. Weber, T. Jahnke, D. M. Villeneuve, A. D. Bandrauk, C. L. Cocke, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Attosecond strobing of two-surface population dynamics in dissociating H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 073003 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Swoboda, M.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763 (2010)
[CrossRef]

Thumm, U.

K. P. Singh, F. He, P. Ranitovic, W. Cao, S. De, D. Ray, S. Chen, U. Thumm, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Control of electron localization in deuterium molecular ions using an attosecond pulse train and a many-cycle infrared pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 023001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Fischer, M. Kremer, T. Pfeifer, B. Feuerstein, V. Sharma, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Steering the electron in H2+ by nuclear wave packet dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 223001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Ray, F. He, S. De, W. Cao, H. Mashiko, P. Ranitovic, K. P. Singh, I. Znakovskaya, U. Thumm, G. G. Paulus, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Ion-energy dependence of asymmetric dissociation of D2 by a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 223201 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Kremer, B. Fischer, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, V. Sharma, C. Hofrichter, A. Rudenko, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Electron localization in molecular fragmentation of H2 by carrier-envelope phase stabilized laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 213003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. He, A. Becker, and U. Thumm, “Strong-field modulated diffraction effects in the correlated electron-nuclear motion in dissociating H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 213002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tong, X. M.

X. M. Tong and C. D. Lin, “Dynamics of light-field control of molecular dissociation at the few-cycle limit,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 123002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uiberacker, M.

M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, Th. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312, 246–248 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ullrich, J.

B. Fischer, M. Kremer, T. Pfeifer, B. Feuerstein, V. Sharma, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Steering the electron in H2+ by nuclear wave packet dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 223001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Kremer, B. Fischer, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, V. Sharma, C. Hofrichter, A. Rudenko, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Electron localization in molecular fragmentation of H2 by carrier-envelope phase stabilized laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 213003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ulrich, B.

A. Staudte, D. Pavic̆ić, S. Chelkowski, D. Zeidler, M. Meckel, H. Niikura, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, B. Ulrich, P.P. Rajeev, Th. Weber, T. Jahnke, D. M. Villeneuve, A. D. Bandrauk, C. L. Cocke, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Attosecond strobing of two-surface population dynamics in dissociating H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 073003 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uphues, Th.

M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, Th. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312, 246–248 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Verhoef, A. J.

M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, Th. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312, 246–248 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Villeneuve, D. M.

A. Staudte, D. Pavic̆ić, S. Chelkowski, D. Zeidler, M. Meckel, H. Niikura, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, B. Ulrich, P.P. Rajeev, Th. Weber, T. Jahnke, D. M. Villeneuve, A. D. Bandrauk, C. L. Cocke, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Attosecond strobing of two-surface population dynamics in dissociating H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 073003 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

von den Hoff, P.

I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond control of electron dynamics in carbon monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 103002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vrakking, M. J. J.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763 (2010)
[CrossRef]

I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond control of electron dynamics in carbon monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 103002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, Th. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312, 246–248 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, X.

Weber, Th.

A. Staudte, D. Pavic̆ić, S. Chelkowski, D. Zeidler, M. Meckel, H. Niikura, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, B. Ulrich, P.P. Rajeev, Th. Weber, T. Jahnke, D. M. Villeneuve, A. D. Bandrauk, C. L. Cocke, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Attosecond strobing of two-surface population dynamics in dissociating H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 073003 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Williams, I. D.

C. Calvert, R. B. King, W. A. Bryan, W. R. Newell, J. F. McCann, J. B. Greenwood, and I. D. Williams, “Multi-pulse scheme for enhancing electron localization through vibrational wavepacket manipulation,” J. Phys. B 43, 011001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wirth, A.

I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond control of electron dynamics in carbon monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 103002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, Z.

Zeidler, D.

A. Staudte, D. Pavic̆ić, S. Chelkowski, D. Zeidler, M. Meckel, H. Niikura, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, B. Ulrich, P.P. Rajeev, Th. Weber, T. Jahnke, D. M. Villeneuve, A. D. Bandrauk, C. L. Cocke, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Attosecond strobing of two-surface population dynamics in dissociating H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 073003 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, Q.

Zherebtsov, S.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763 (2010)
[CrossRef]

I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond control of electron dynamics in carbon monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 103002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Znakovskaya, I.

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763 (2010)
[CrossRef]

I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond control of electron dynamics in carbon monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 103002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Ray, F. He, S. De, W. Cao, H. Mashiko, P. Ranitovic, K. P. Singh, I. Znakovskaya, U. Thumm, G. G. Paulus, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Ion-energy dependence of asymmetric dissociation of D2 by a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 223201 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Quant. Chem. (1)

A. D. Bandrauk, S. Chelkowski, and H. S. Nguyen, “Attosecond Localization of Electrons in Molecules,” Int. J. Quant. Chem. 100, 834–844 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. B (2)

C. Calvert, R. B. King, W. A. Bryan, W. R. Newell, J. F. McCann, J. B. Greenwood, and I. D. Williams, “Multi-pulse scheme for enhancing electron localization through vibrational wavepacket manipulation,” J. Phys. B 43, 011001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Kumitriu and A. Saenz, “Photodissociation of the HeH+ molecular ion,” J. Phys. B 42, 165101 (2009)
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (1)

P. B. Corkum and F. Krausz, “Attosecond science,” Nat. Phys. 3, 381–387 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (London) (1)

G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. LéPine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’Huillier, M. Yu. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature (London) 465, 763 (2010)
[CrossRef]

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Phys. Rev. A (3)

A. Kenfack, F. Marquardt, G. K. Paramonov, I. Barth, C. Lasser, and B. Paulus, “Initial-state dependence of coupled electronic and nuclear fluxes in molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 052502 (2010)
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W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and Y. Li, “Control of the launch of attosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 063423 (2007)
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V. Roudnev and B. D. Esry, “HD+ in a short strong laser pulse: Practical consideration of the observability of carrier-envelope phase effects,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 023403 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (14)

V. Roudnev, B. D. Esry, and I. Ben-Itzhak, “Controlling HD+ and H+2 dissociation with the carrier-envelope phase difference of an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 163601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Staudte, D. Pavic̆ić, S. Chelkowski, D. Zeidler, M. Meckel, H. Niikura, M. Schöffler, S. Schössler, B. Ulrich, P.P. Rajeev, Th. Weber, T. Jahnke, D. M. Villeneuve, A. D. Bandrauk, C. L. Cocke, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Attosecond strobing of two-surface population dynamics in dissociating H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 073003 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. M. Tong and C. D. Lin, “Dynamics of light-field control of molecular dissociation at the few-cycle limit,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 123002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gräfe and M. Yu. Ivanov, “Effective fields in laser-driven electron recollision and charge localization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 163603 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. He, C. Ruiz, and A. Becker, “Control of electron excitation and localization in the dissociation of H2+ and its isotopes using two sequential ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 083002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. He, A. Becker, and U. Thumm, “Strong-field modulated diffraction effects in the correlated electron-nuclear motion in dissociating H2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 213002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kremer, B. Fischer, B. Feuerstein, V. L. B. de Jesus, V. Sharma, C. Hofrichter, A. Rudenko, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Electron localization in molecular fragmentation of H2 by carrier-envelope phase stabilized laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 213003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Ray, F. He, S. De, W. Cao, H. Mashiko, P. Ranitovic, K. P. Singh, I. Znakovskaya, U. Thumm, G. G. Paulus, M. F. Kling, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Ion-energy dependence of asymmetric dissociation of D2 by a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 223201 (2009).
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G. L. Kamta and A. D. Bandrauk, “Phase dependence of enhanced ionization in asymmetric molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203003 (2005).
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I. Znakovskaya, P. von den Hoff, S. Zherebtsov, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, M. J. J. Vrakking, R. de Vivie-Riedle, and M. F. Kling, “Attosecond control of electron dynamics in carbon monoxide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 103002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. P. Singh, F. He, P. Ranitovic, W. Cao, S. De, D. Ray, S. Chen, U. Thumm, A. Becker, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, I. V. Litvinyuk, and C. L. Cocke, “Control of electron localization in deuterium molecular ions using an attosecond pulse train and a many-cycle infrared pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 023001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Fischer, M. Kremer, T. Pfeifer, B. Feuerstein, V. Sharma, U. Thumm, C. D. Schröter, R. Moshammer, and J. Ullrich, “Steering the electron in H2+ by nuclear wave packet dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 223001 (2010).
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Science (1)

M. F. Kling, Ch. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, Th. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of electron localization in molecular dissociation,” Science 312, 246–248 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The 2pσ bound state of HeH2+ and the schematic diagram of two different dissociation channels for HeH2+: He++p and α+H. The up and down dash lines indicate the positions of the p and α, respectively. The color scale is logarithmic.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

CEP dependence of the electron localization probability on the α (blue dots) and p (red stars) for four intensities: (a) I = 4.0, (b) I = 5.0, (c) I = 6.0, and (d) I = 7.0 in units of 1014W/cm2. The black thick curve indicates the reverted sine function. The green arrows indicate the suppressions of the probabilities.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The electron density distributions of (a) the ground state and (b) the first excited state of HeH2+ at each fixed nuclear distance. The ρ-dimension has been integrated. (c) A simple model for the dissociation of HeH2+. The dashed line illustrates the dressed 2pσ state of HeH2+ in a static field, and the Gaussians illustrate the wave packets. The color scales in (a) and (b) are linear.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Time evolution of the wave function density integrated over the ρ - and R-dimensions. The intensity of the pulse is 7 × 1014W/cm2, and the CEPs are 0.5π and π for (a) and (b), respectively. The solid and dotted lines illustrate the electric force on the electron and the profile of the electric field, respectively. The dashed lines indicate the different times when the field reaches its peak value. The color scale is logarithmic.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) The interatomic barrier potential. (b) the time evolution of the probability density for R-dimension. The laser parameters are the same as those in Fig.4(a). The thick line in (a) indicates the energy of 2pσ state at R0 = 7.5 a.u.. The dash line in (b) indicates the time when the dissociative wave packets reach R0. The color scale is logarithmic.

Equations (7)

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i t Ψ ( R , z , ρ ; t ) = [ H 0 + V ( t ) ] Ψ ( R , z , ρ ; t ) ,
T n = 1 2 μ 2 R 2 ,
T e = 1 2 μ e ( 2 z 2 + 2 ρ 2 + 1 ρ ρ ) ,
V 0 = C p C α R 2 + b C p ( z z p ) 2 + ρ 2 + a C α ( z z α ) 2 + ρ 2 + a ,
V ( t ) = [ C α m p C p m α m p + m α R + ( 1 + c p + C α 1 m p + m α + 1 ) z ] × E ( t )
Ψ 0 ( R , z , ρ ) = χ 0 ( R ) Ψ e ( z , ρ ; R ) ,
i t χ ( R , t ) = [ T n + V n ( R ) ] χ ( R , t ) .

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