Abstract

Nonlinear pulse compression based on the generation of ultra-broadband supercontinuum (SC) in an all-normal dispersion photonic crystal fiber (ANDi PCF) is demonstrated. The highly coherent and smooth octave-spanning SC spectra are generated using 6 fs, 3 nJ pulses from a Ti:Sapphire oscillator for pumping a 13 mm piece of ANDi PCF. Applying active phase control has enabled the generation of 4.5 fs pulses. Additional spectral amplitude shaping has increased the bandwidth of the SC spectra further leading to nearly transform-limited pulses with a duration of 3.64 fs, which corresponds to only 1.3 optical cycles at a central wavelength of 810 nm. This is the shortest pulse duration achieved via compression of SC spectra generated in PCF to date. Due to the high stability and the smooth spectral intensity and phase distribution of the generated SC, an excellent temporal pulse quality exhibiting a pulse contrast of 14 dB with respect to the pre- and post-pulses is achieved.

© 2011 OSA

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References

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2011 (4)

2010 (2)

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

T. Remetter, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, K. Varjú, Y. Ni, F. Lépine, E. Gustafsson, M. Kling, J. Khan, R. López-Martens, K. J. Schafer, M. J. J. Vrakking, and A. L’Huillier, “Attosecond electron wave packet interferometry,” Nat. Phys. 2(5), 323–326 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

2003 (3)

2002 (2)

Amorim, A. A.

Apolonski, A.

V. S. Yakovlev, P. Dombi, G. Tempea, C. Lemell, J. Burgdörfer, T. Udem, and A. Apolonski, “Phase-stabilized 4-fs pulses at the full oscillator repetition rate for a photoemission experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 76(3), 329–332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Avila, L. M.

T. Rohwer, S. Hellmann, M. Wiesenmayer, C. Sohrt, A. Stange, B. Slomski, A. Carr, Y. Liu, L. M. Avila, M. Kalläne, S. Mathias, L. Kipp, K. Rossnagel, and M. Bauer, “Collapse of long-range charge order tracked by time-resolved photoemission at high momenta,” Nature 471(7339), 490–493 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baltuška, A.

Bartelt, H.

Bauer, M.

T. Rohwer, S. Hellmann, M. Wiesenmayer, C. Sohrt, A. Stange, B. Slomski, A. Carr, Y. Liu, L. M. Avila, M. Kalläne, S. Mathias, L. Kipp, K. Rossnagel, and M. Bauer, “Collapse of long-range charge order tracked by time-resolved photoemission at high momenta,” Nature 471(7339), 490–493 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bernardo, L. M.

Binhammer, T.

Burgdörfer, J.

V. S. Yakovlev, P. Dombi, G. Tempea, C. Lemell, J. Burgdörfer, T. Udem, and A. Apolonski, “Phase-stabilized 4-fs pulses at the full oscillator repetition rate for a photoemission experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 76(3), 329–332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Carr, A.

T. Rohwer, S. Hellmann, M. Wiesenmayer, C. Sohrt, A. Stange, B. Slomski, A. Carr, Y. Liu, L. M. Avila, M. Kalläne, S. Mathias, L. Kipp, K. Rossnagel, and M. Bauer, “Collapse of long-range charge order tracked by time-resolved photoemission at high momenta,” Nature 471(7339), 490–493 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carstens, H.

Chang, G.

Coen, S.

Crespo, H. M.

Cundiff, S. T.

Demmler, S.

Dombi, P.

V. S. Yakovlev, P. Dombi, G. Tempea, C. Lemell, J. Burgdörfer, T. Udem, and A. Apolonski, “Phase-stabilized 4-fs pulses at the full oscillator repetition rate for a photoemission experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 76(3), 329–332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dudley, J. M.

Fortier, T. M.

Fuji, T.

Gustafsson, E.

T. Remetter, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, K. Varjú, Y. Ni, F. Lépine, E. Gustafsson, M. Kling, J. Khan, R. López-Martens, K. J. Schafer, M. J. J. Vrakking, and A. L’Huillier, “Attosecond electron wave packet interferometry,” Nat. Phys. 2(5), 323–326 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hädrich, S.

Harth, A.

Hartung, A.

Heidt, A. M.

Hellmann, S.

T. Rohwer, S. Hellmann, M. Wiesenmayer, C. Sohrt, A. Stange, B. Slomski, A. Carr, Y. Liu, L. M. Avila, M. Kalläne, S. Mathias, L. Kipp, K. Rossnagel, and M. Bauer, “Collapse of long-range charge order tracked by time-resolved photoemission at high momenta,” Nature 471(7339), 490–493 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ivanov, M.

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(1), 163–234 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jocher, C.

Johnsson, P.

T. Remetter, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, K. Varjú, Y. Ni, F. Lépine, E. Gustafsson, M. Kling, J. Khan, R. López-Martens, K. J. Schafer, M. J. J. Vrakking, and A. L’Huillier, “Attosecond electron wave packet interferometry,” Nat. Phys. 2(5), 323–326 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jones, D. J.

Kalläne, M.

T. Rohwer, S. Hellmann, M. Wiesenmayer, C. Sohrt, A. Stange, B. Slomski, A. Carr, Y. Liu, L. M. Avila, M. Kalläne, S. Mathias, L. Kipp, K. Rossnagel, and M. Bauer, “Collapse of long-range charge order tracked by time-resolved photoemission at high momenta,” Nature 471(7339), 490–493 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kärtner, F. X.

Keller, U.

Khan, J.

T. Remetter, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, K. Varjú, Y. Ni, F. Lépine, E. Gustafsson, M. Kling, J. Khan, R. López-Martens, K. J. Schafer, M. J. J. Vrakking, and A. L’Huillier, “Attosecond electron wave packet interferometry,” Nat. Phys. 2(5), 323–326 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kipp, L.

T. Rohwer, S. Hellmann, M. Wiesenmayer, C. Sohrt, A. Stange, B. Slomski, A. Carr, Y. Liu, L. M. Avila, M. Kalläne, S. Mathias, L. Kipp, K. Rossnagel, and M. Bauer, “Collapse of long-range charge order tracked by time-resolved photoemission at high momenta,” Nature 471(7339), 490–493 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kling, M.

T. Remetter, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, K. Varjú, Y. Ni, F. Lépine, E. Gustafsson, M. Kling, J. Khan, R. López-Martens, K. J. Schafer, M. J. J. Vrakking, and A. L’Huillier, “Attosecond electron wave packet interferometry,” Nat. Phys. 2(5), 323–326 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, T.

Krausz, F.

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(1), 163–234 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Krebs, M.

L’Huillier, A.

T. Remetter, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, K. Varjú, Y. Ni, F. Lépine, E. Gustafsson, M. Kling, J. Khan, R. López-Martens, K. J. Schafer, M. J. J. Vrakking, and A. L’Huillier, “Attosecond electron wave packet interferometry,” Nat. Phys. 2(5), 323–326 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lemell, C.

V. S. Yakovlev, P. Dombi, G. Tempea, C. Lemell, J. Burgdörfer, T. Udem, and A. Apolonski, “Phase-stabilized 4-fs pulses at the full oscillator repetition rate for a photoemission experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 76(3), 329–332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lépine, F.

T. Remetter, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, K. Varjú, Y. Ni, F. Lépine, E. Gustafsson, M. Kling, J. Khan, R. López-Martens, K. J. Schafer, M. J. J. Vrakking, and A. L’Huillier, “Attosecond electron wave packet interferometry,” Nat. Phys. 2(5), 323–326 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Limpert, J.

Liu, Y.

T. Rohwer, S. Hellmann, M. Wiesenmayer, C. Sohrt, A. Stange, B. Slomski, A. Carr, Y. Liu, L. M. Avila, M. Kalläne, S. Mathias, L. Kipp, K. Rossnagel, and M. Bauer, “Collapse of long-range charge order tracked by time-resolved photoemission at high momenta,” Nature 471(7339), 490–493 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

López-Martens, R.

T. Remetter, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, K. Varjú, Y. Ni, F. Lépine, E. Gustafsson, M. Kling, J. Khan, R. López-Martens, K. J. Schafer, M. J. J. Vrakking, and A. L’Huillier, “Attosecond electron wave packet interferometry,” Nat. Phys. 2(5), 323–326 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mathias, S.

T. Rohwer, S. Hellmann, M. Wiesenmayer, C. Sohrt, A. Stange, B. Slomski, A. Carr, Y. Liu, L. M. Avila, M. Kalläne, S. Mathias, L. Kipp, K. Rossnagel, and M. Bauer, “Collapse of long-range charge order tracked by time-resolved photoemission at high momenta,” Nature 471(7339), 490–493 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matsubara, J. E.

Mauritsson, J.

T. Remetter, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, K. Varjú, Y. Ni, F. Lépine, E. Gustafsson, M. Kling, J. Khan, R. López-Martens, K. J. Schafer, M. J. J. Vrakking, and A. L’Huillier, “Attosecond electron wave packet interferometry,” Nat. Phys. 2(5), 323–326 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Morgner, U.

Ni, Y.

T. Remetter, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, K. Varjú, Y. Ni, F. Lépine, E. Gustafsson, M. Kling, J. Khan, R. López-Martens, K. J. Schafer, M. J. J. Vrakking, and A. L’Huillier, “Attosecond electron wave packet interferometry,” Nat. Phys. 2(5), 323–326 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Norris, T. B.

Oliveira, P.

Paschotta, R.

Rausch, S.

Remetter, T.

T. Remetter, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, K. Varjú, Y. Ni, F. Lépine, E. Gustafsson, M. Kling, J. Khan, R. López-Martens, K. J. Schafer, M. J. J. Vrakking, and A. L’Huillier, “Attosecond electron wave packet interferometry,” Nat. Phys. 2(5), 323–326 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rohwer, E. G.

Rohwer, T.

T. Rohwer, S. Hellmann, M. Wiesenmayer, C. Sohrt, A. Stange, B. Slomski, A. Carr, Y. Liu, L. M. Avila, M. Kalläne, S. Mathias, L. Kipp, K. Rossnagel, and M. Bauer, “Collapse of long-range charge order tracked by time-resolved photoemission at high momenta,” Nature 471(7339), 490–493 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rossnagel, K.

T. Rohwer, S. Hellmann, M. Wiesenmayer, C. Sohrt, A. Stange, B. Slomski, A. Carr, Y. Liu, L. M. Avila, M. Kalläne, S. Mathias, L. Kipp, K. Rossnagel, and M. Bauer, “Collapse of long-range charge order tracked by time-resolved photoemission at high momenta,” Nature 471(7339), 490–493 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rothhardt, J.

Schafer, K. J.

T. Remetter, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, K. Varjú, Y. Ni, F. Lépine, E. Gustafsson, M. Kling, J. Khan, R. López-Martens, K. J. Schafer, M. J. J. Vrakking, and A. L’Huillier, “Attosecond electron wave packet interferometry,” Nat. Phys. 2(5), 323–326 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schenkel, B.

Sekikawa, T.

Silva, J. L.

Slomski, B.

T. Rohwer, S. Hellmann, M. Wiesenmayer, C. Sohrt, A. Stange, B. Slomski, A. Carr, Y. Liu, L. M. Avila, M. Kalläne, S. Mathias, L. Kipp, K. Rossnagel, and M. Bauer, “Collapse of long-range charge order tracked by time-resolved photoemission at high momenta,” Nature 471(7339), 490–493 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sohrt, C.

T. Rohwer, S. Hellmann, M. Wiesenmayer, C. Sohrt, A. Stange, B. Slomski, A. Carr, Y. Liu, L. M. Avila, M. Kalläne, S. Mathias, L. Kipp, K. Rossnagel, and M. Bauer, “Collapse of long-range charge order tracked by time-resolved photoemission at high momenta,” Nature 471(7339), 490–493 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stange, A.

T. Rohwer, S. Hellmann, M. Wiesenmayer, C. Sohrt, A. Stange, B. Slomski, A. Carr, Y. Liu, L. M. Avila, M. Kalläne, S. Mathias, L. Kipp, K. Rossnagel, and M. Bauer, “Collapse of long-range charge order tracked by time-resolved photoemission at high momenta,” Nature 471(7339), 490–493 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tavella, F.

Tempea, G.

V. S. Yakovlev, P. Dombi, G. Tempea, C. Lemell, J. Burgdörfer, T. Udem, and A. Apolonski, “Phase-stabilized 4-fs pulses at the full oscillator repetition rate for a photoemission experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 76(3), 329–332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tognetti, M. V.

Tünnermann, A.

Udem, T.

V. S. Yakovlev, P. Dombi, G. Tempea, C. Lemell, J. Burgdörfer, T. Udem, and A. Apolonski, “Phase-stabilized 4-fs pulses at the full oscillator repetition rate for a photoemission experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 76(3), 329–332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Varjú, K.

T. Remetter, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, K. Varjú, Y. Ni, F. Lépine, E. Gustafsson, M. Kling, J. Khan, R. López-Martens, K. J. Schafer, M. J. J. Vrakking, and A. L’Huillier, “Attosecond electron wave packet interferometry,” Nat. Phys. 2(5), 323–326 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vrakking, M. J. J.

T. Remetter, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, K. Varjú, Y. Ni, F. Lépine, E. Gustafsson, M. Kling, J. Khan, R. López-Martens, K. J. Schafer, M. J. J. Vrakking, and A. L’Huillier, “Attosecond electron wave packet interferometry,” Nat. Phys. 2(5), 323–326 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wiesenmayer, M.

T. Rohwer, S. Hellmann, M. Wiesenmayer, C. Sohrt, A. Stange, B. Slomski, A. Carr, Y. Liu, L. M. Avila, M. Kalläne, S. Mathias, L. Kipp, K. Rossnagel, and M. Bauer, “Collapse of long-range charge order tracked by time-resolved photoemission at high momenta,” Nature 471(7339), 490–493 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Willner, A.

Winful, H. G.

Yakovlev, V. S.

V. S. Yakovlev, P. Dombi, G. Tempea, C. Lemell, J. Burgdörfer, T. Udem, and A. Apolonski, “Phase-stabilized 4-fs pulses at the full oscillator repetition rate for a photoemission experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 76(3), 329–332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yamane, K.

Yamashita, M.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

V. S. Yakovlev, P. Dombi, G. Tempea, C. Lemell, J. Burgdörfer, T. Udem, and A. Apolonski, “Phase-stabilized 4-fs pulses at the full oscillator repetition rate for a photoemission experiment,” Appl. Phys. B 76(3), 329–332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Nat. Phys. (1)

T. Remetter, P. Johnsson, J. Mauritsson, K. Varjú, Y. Ni, F. Lépine, E. Gustafsson, M. Kling, J. Khan, R. López-Martens, K. J. Schafer, M. J. J. Vrakking, and A. L’Huillier, “Attosecond electron wave packet interferometry,” Nat. Phys. 2(5), 323–326 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

T. Rohwer, S. Hellmann, M. Wiesenmayer, C. Sohrt, A. Stange, B. Slomski, A. Carr, Y. Liu, L. M. Avila, M. Kalläne, S. Mathias, L. Kipp, K. Rossnagel, and M. Bauer, “Collapse of long-range charge order tracked by time-resolved photoemission at high momenta,” Nature 471(7339), 490–493 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(1), 163–234 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

N. K. T. Photonics, “NL-1050-NEG-1 Nonlinear Photonic Crystal Fiber,” http://www.nktphotonics.com/files/files/NL-1050-NEG-1-100409.pdf

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Elsevier Inc., 2007).

F. X. Kärtner, Few-Cycle Laser Pulse Generation and Its Applications (Springer, 2004).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) Experimental setup for spectral broadening of few-cycle pulses in an ANDi PCF and subsequent temporal recompression. CMC: chirped mirror compressor; OAP: off-axis parabolic mirror; T: telescope; FSW: fused silica wedges; P: periscope.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) Simulated (black) and measured (red) spectra of 1 nJ pulses after propagation through 13 mm of ANDi PCF and the corresponding input spectrum (grey).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) (a) Spectrum (black) and spectral phase (red) of the compressed pulses. Vertical error bars indicate the RMS fluctuations of the spectral phase. (b) Pulse shape that is retrieved from averaging all measured pulse shapes.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(Color online) (a) Spectrum (black) and spectral phase (red) of the spectrally shaped and temporally compressed pulses. Vertical error bars indicate the RMS fluctuations of the spectral phase. (b) Pulse shape that is retrieved from averaging all measured pulse shapes.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Focal spot of the spectral broadened pulses after a spherical mirror with a focal length of 500 mm. (b)-(e) Focal spots of spectrally filtered pulses. (b) 600-700 nm. (c) 700-800 nm. (d) 840-860 nm. (e) 920-1200 nm.

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