Abstract

We develop a novel nL-sized microdroplet laser based on the capillary optofluidic ring resonator (OFRR). The microdroplet is generated in a microfluidic channel using two immiscible fluids and is subsequently delivered to the capillary OFRR downstream. Despite the presence of the high refractive index (RI) carrier fluid, the lasing emission can still be achieved for the droplet formed by low RI solution. The lasing threshold of 1.54 µJ/mm2 is achieved, >6 times lower than the state-of-the-art, thanks to the high Q-factor of the OFRR. Furthermore, the lasing emission can be conveniently coupled into an optical fiber. Finally, tuning of the lasing wavelength is achieved via highly efficient fluorescence resonance energy transfer processes by merging two different dye droplets in the microfluidic channel. Versatility combined with improved lasing characteristics makes our OFRR droplet laser an attractive platform for high performance optofluidic lasers and bio/chemical sensing with small sample volumes.

© 2011 OSA

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2011

G. Aubry, Q. Kou, J. Soto-Velasco, C. Wang, S. Meance, J. J. He, and A. M. Haghiri-Gosnet, “A multicolor microfluidic droplet dye laser with single mode emission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(11), 111111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

V. Trivedi, A. Doshi, G. K. Kurup, E. Ereifej, P. J. Vandevord, and A. S. Basu, “A modular approach for the generation, storage, mixing, and detection of droplet libraries for high throughput screening,” Lab Chip 10(18), 2433–2442 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Sun, S. I. Shopova, C.-S. Wu, S. Arnold, and X. Fan, “Bioinspired optofluidic FRET lasers via DNA scaffolds,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(37), 16039–16042 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vannahme, M. B. Christiansen, T. Mappes, and A. Kristensen, “Optofluidic dye laser in a foil,” Opt. Express 18(9), 9280–9285 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

S. K. Y. Tang, Z. Li, A. R. Abate, J. J. Agresti, D. A. Weitz, D. Psaltis, and G. M. Whitesides, “A multi-color fast-switching microfluidic droplet dye laser,” Lab Chip 9(19), 2767–2771 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Song, A. E. Vasdekis, Z. Li, and D. Psaltis, “Low-order distributed feedback optofluidic dye laser with reduced threshold,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(5), 051117 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. T. Chiu and R. M. Lorenz, “Chemistry and biology in femtoliter and picoliter volume droplets,” Acc. Chem. Res. 42(5), 649–658 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

S.-Y. Teh, R. Lin, L.-H. Hung, and A. P. Lee, “Droplet microfluidics,” Lab Chip 8(2), 198–220 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Li and D. Psaltis, “Optofluidic dye lasers,” Microfluid. Nanofluid. 4(1-2), 145–158 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Suter, Y. Sun, D. J. Howard, J. A. Viator, and X. Fan, “PDMS embedded opto-fluidic microring resonator lasers,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10248–10253 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

M. Tanyeri, R. Perron, and I. M. Kennedy, “Lasing droplets in a microfabricated channel,” Opt. Lett. 32(17), 2529–2531 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. I. Shopova, J. M. Cupps, P. Zhang, E. P. Henderson, S. Lacey, and X. Fan, “Opto-fluidic ring resonator lasers based on highly efficient resonant energy transfer,” Opt. Express 15(20), 12735–12742 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Lacey, I. M. White, Y. Sun, S. I. Shopova, J. M. Cupps, P. Zhang, and X. Fan, “Versatile opto-fluidic ring resonator lasers with ultra-low threshold,” Opt. Express 15(23), 15523–15530 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Monat, P. Domachuk, and B. J. Eggleton, “Integrated optofluidics: a new river of light,” Nat. Photonics 1(2), 106–114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

areS. I. Shopova, H. Zhou, X. Fan, and P. Zhang, “Optofluidic ring resonator based dye laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(22), 221101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. M. White, J. Gohring, Y. Sun, G. Yang, S. Lacey, and X. Fan, “Versatile waveguide-coupled opto-fluidic devices based on liquid core optical ring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(24), 241104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

Z. Y. Li, Z. Y. Zhang, T. Emery, A. Scherer, and D. Psaltis, “Single mode optofluidic distributed feedback dye laser,” Opt. Express 14(2), 696–701 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. M. White, H. Oveys, and X. Fan, “Liquid-core optical ring-resonator sensors,” Opt. Lett. 31(9), 1319–1321 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Psaltis, S. R. Quake, and C. Yang, “Developing optofluidic technology through the fusion of microfluidics and optics,” Nature 442(7101), 381–386 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Kou, I. Yesilyurt, and Y. Chen, “Collinear dual-color laser emission from a microfluidic dye laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(9), 091101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003

B. Helbo, A. Kristensen, and A. Menon, “A micro-cavity fluidic dye laser,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 13(2), 307–311 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Song, M. R. Bringer, J. D. Tice, C. J. Gerdts, and R. F. Ismagilov, “Experimental test of scaling of mixing by chaotic advection in droplets moving through microfluidic channels,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(22), 4664–4666 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Abate, A. R.

S. K. Y. Tang, Z. Li, A. R. Abate, J. J. Agresti, D. A. Weitz, D. Psaltis, and G. M. Whitesides, “A multi-color fast-switching microfluidic droplet dye laser,” Lab Chip 9(19), 2767–2771 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Agresti, J. J.

S. K. Y. Tang, Z. Li, A. R. Abate, J. J. Agresti, D. A. Weitz, D. Psaltis, and G. M. Whitesides, “A multi-color fast-switching microfluidic droplet dye laser,” Lab Chip 9(19), 2767–2771 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arnold, S.

Y. Sun, S. I. Shopova, C.-S. Wu, S. Arnold, and X. Fan, “Bioinspired optofluidic FRET lasers via DNA scaffolds,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(37), 16039–16042 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aubry, G.

G. Aubry, Q. Kou, J. Soto-Velasco, C. Wang, S. Meance, J. J. He, and A. M. Haghiri-Gosnet, “A multicolor microfluidic droplet dye laser with single mode emission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(11), 111111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Basu, A. S.

V. Trivedi, A. Doshi, G. K. Kurup, E. Ereifej, P. J. Vandevord, and A. S. Basu, “A modular approach for the generation, storage, mixing, and detection of droplet libraries for high throughput screening,” Lab Chip 10(18), 2433–2442 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bringer, M. R.

H. Song, M. R. Bringer, J. D. Tice, C. J. Gerdts, and R. F. Ismagilov, “Experimental test of scaling of mixing by chaotic advection in droplets moving through microfluidic channels,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(22), 4664–4666 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.

Q. Kou, I. Yesilyurt, and Y. Chen, “Collinear dual-color laser emission from a microfluidic dye laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(9), 091101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chiu, D. T.

D. T. Chiu and R. M. Lorenz, “Chemistry and biology in femtoliter and picoliter volume droplets,” Acc. Chem. Res. 42(5), 649–658 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Christiansen, M. B.

Cupps, J. M.

Domachuk, P.

C. Monat, P. Domachuk, and B. J. Eggleton, “Integrated optofluidics: a new river of light,” Nat. Photonics 1(2), 106–114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Doshi, A.

V. Trivedi, A. Doshi, G. K. Kurup, E. Ereifej, P. J. Vandevord, and A. S. Basu, “A modular approach for the generation, storage, mixing, and detection of droplet libraries for high throughput screening,” Lab Chip 10(18), 2433–2442 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eggleton, B. J.

C. Monat, P. Domachuk, and B. J. Eggleton, “Integrated optofluidics: a new river of light,” Nat. Photonics 1(2), 106–114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Emery, T.

Ereifej, E.

V. Trivedi, A. Doshi, G. K. Kurup, E. Ereifej, P. J. Vandevord, and A. S. Basu, “A modular approach for the generation, storage, mixing, and detection of droplet libraries for high throughput screening,” Lab Chip 10(18), 2433–2442 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, X.

Gerdts, C. J.

H. Song, M. R. Bringer, J. D. Tice, C. J. Gerdts, and R. F. Ismagilov, “Experimental test of scaling of mixing by chaotic advection in droplets moving through microfluidic channels,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(22), 4664–4666 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gohring, J.

I. M. White, J. Gohring, Y. Sun, G. Yang, S. Lacey, and X. Fan, “Versatile waveguide-coupled opto-fluidic devices based on liquid core optical ring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(24), 241104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Haghiri-Gosnet, A. M.

G. Aubry, Q. Kou, J. Soto-Velasco, C. Wang, S. Meance, J. J. He, and A. M. Haghiri-Gosnet, “A multicolor microfluidic droplet dye laser with single mode emission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(11), 111111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

He, J. J.

G. Aubry, Q. Kou, J. Soto-Velasco, C. Wang, S. Meance, J. J. He, and A. M. Haghiri-Gosnet, “A multicolor microfluidic droplet dye laser with single mode emission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(11), 111111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Helbo, B.

B. Helbo, A. Kristensen, and A. Menon, “A micro-cavity fluidic dye laser,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 13(2), 307–311 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Henderson, E. P.

Howard, D. J.

Hung, L.-H.

S.-Y. Teh, R. Lin, L.-H. Hung, and A. P. Lee, “Droplet microfluidics,” Lab Chip 8(2), 198–220 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ismagilov, R. F.

H. Song, M. R. Bringer, J. D. Tice, C. J. Gerdts, and R. F. Ismagilov, “Experimental test of scaling of mixing by chaotic advection in droplets moving through microfluidic channels,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(22), 4664–4666 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kennedy, I. M.

Kou, Q.

G. Aubry, Q. Kou, J. Soto-Velasco, C. Wang, S. Meance, J. J. He, and A. M. Haghiri-Gosnet, “A multicolor microfluidic droplet dye laser with single mode emission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(11), 111111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Q. Kou, I. Yesilyurt, and Y. Chen, “Collinear dual-color laser emission from a microfluidic dye laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(9), 091101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kristensen, A.

C. Vannahme, M. B. Christiansen, T. Mappes, and A. Kristensen, “Optofluidic dye laser in a foil,” Opt. Express 18(9), 9280–9285 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Helbo, A. Kristensen, and A. Menon, “A micro-cavity fluidic dye laser,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 13(2), 307–311 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kurup, G. K.

V. Trivedi, A. Doshi, G. K. Kurup, E. Ereifej, P. J. Vandevord, and A. S. Basu, “A modular approach for the generation, storage, mixing, and detection of droplet libraries for high throughput screening,” Lab Chip 10(18), 2433–2442 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lacey, S.

Lee, A. P.

S.-Y. Teh, R. Lin, L.-H. Hung, and A. P. Lee, “Droplet microfluidics,” Lab Chip 8(2), 198–220 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, Z.

S. K. Y. Tang, Z. Li, A. R. Abate, J. J. Agresti, D. A. Weitz, D. Psaltis, and G. M. Whitesides, “A multi-color fast-switching microfluidic droplet dye laser,” Lab Chip 9(19), 2767–2771 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Song, A. E. Vasdekis, Z. Li, and D. Psaltis, “Low-order distributed feedback optofluidic dye laser with reduced threshold,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(5), 051117 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Li and D. Psaltis, “Optofluidic dye lasers,” Microfluid. Nanofluid. 4(1-2), 145–158 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z. Y.

Lin, R.

S.-Y. Teh, R. Lin, L.-H. Hung, and A. P. Lee, “Droplet microfluidics,” Lab Chip 8(2), 198–220 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lorenz, R. M.

D. T. Chiu and R. M. Lorenz, “Chemistry and biology in femtoliter and picoliter volume droplets,” Acc. Chem. Res. 42(5), 649–658 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mappes, T.

Meance, S.

G. Aubry, Q. Kou, J. Soto-Velasco, C. Wang, S. Meance, J. J. He, and A. M. Haghiri-Gosnet, “A multicolor microfluidic droplet dye laser with single mode emission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(11), 111111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Menon, A.

B. Helbo, A. Kristensen, and A. Menon, “A micro-cavity fluidic dye laser,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 13(2), 307–311 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Monat, C.

C. Monat, P. Domachuk, and B. J. Eggleton, “Integrated optofluidics: a new river of light,” Nat. Photonics 1(2), 106–114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Oveys, H.

Perron, R.

Psaltis, D.

S. K. Y. Tang, Z. Li, A. R. Abate, J. J. Agresti, D. A. Weitz, D. Psaltis, and G. M. Whitesides, “A multi-color fast-switching microfluidic droplet dye laser,” Lab Chip 9(19), 2767–2771 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Song, A. E. Vasdekis, Z. Li, and D. Psaltis, “Low-order distributed feedback optofluidic dye laser with reduced threshold,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(5), 051117 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Li and D. Psaltis, “Optofluidic dye lasers,” Microfluid. Nanofluid. 4(1-2), 145–158 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Y. Li, Z. Y. Zhang, T. Emery, A. Scherer, and D. Psaltis, “Single mode optofluidic distributed feedback dye laser,” Opt. Express 14(2), 696–701 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Psaltis, S. R. Quake, and C. Yang, “Developing optofluidic technology through the fusion of microfluidics and optics,” Nature 442(7101), 381–386 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Quake, S. R.

D. Psaltis, S. R. Quake, and C. Yang, “Developing optofluidic technology through the fusion of microfluidics and optics,” Nature 442(7101), 381–386 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scherer, A.

Shopova, S. I.

Song, H.

H. Song, M. R. Bringer, J. D. Tice, C. J. Gerdts, and R. F. Ismagilov, “Experimental test of scaling of mixing by chaotic advection in droplets moving through microfluidic channels,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(22), 4664–4666 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Song, W.

W. Song, A. E. Vasdekis, Z. Li, and D. Psaltis, “Low-order distributed feedback optofluidic dye laser with reduced threshold,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(5), 051117 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Soto-Velasco, J.

G. Aubry, Q. Kou, J. Soto-Velasco, C. Wang, S. Meance, J. J. He, and A. M. Haghiri-Gosnet, “A multicolor microfluidic droplet dye laser with single mode emission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(11), 111111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Y.

Y. Sun, S. I. Shopova, C.-S. Wu, S. Arnold, and X. Fan, “Bioinspired optofluidic FRET lasers via DNA scaffolds,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(37), 16039–16042 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Suter, Y. Sun, D. J. Howard, J. A. Viator, and X. Fan, “PDMS embedded opto-fluidic microring resonator lasers,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10248–10253 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. M. White, J. Gohring, Y. Sun, G. Yang, S. Lacey, and X. Fan, “Versatile waveguide-coupled opto-fluidic devices based on liquid core optical ring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(24), 241104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Lacey, I. M. White, Y. Sun, S. I. Shopova, J. M. Cupps, P. Zhang, and X. Fan, “Versatile opto-fluidic ring resonator lasers with ultra-low threshold,” Opt. Express 15(23), 15523–15530 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suter, J. D.

Tang, S. K. Y.

S. K. Y. Tang, Z. Li, A. R. Abate, J. J. Agresti, D. A. Weitz, D. Psaltis, and G. M. Whitesides, “A multi-color fast-switching microfluidic droplet dye laser,” Lab Chip 9(19), 2767–2771 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tanyeri, M.

Teh, S.-Y.

S.-Y. Teh, R. Lin, L.-H. Hung, and A. P. Lee, “Droplet microfluidics,” Lab Chip 8(2), 198–220 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tice, J. D.

H. Song, M. R. Bringer, J. D. Tice, C. J. Gerdts, and R. F. Ismagilov, “Experimental test of scaling of mixing by chaotic advection in droplets moving through microfluidic channels,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(22), 4664–4666 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Trivedi, V.

V. Trivedi, A. Doshi, G. K. Kurup, E. Ereifej, P. J. Vandevord, and A. S. Basu, “A modular approach for the generation, storage, mixing, and detection of droplet libraries for high throughput screening,” Lab Chip 10(18), 2433–2442 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vandevord, P. J.

V. Trivedi, A. Doshi, G. K. Kurup, E. Ereifej, P. J. Vandevord, and A. S. Basu, “A modular approach for the generation, storage, mixing, and detection of droplet libraries for high throughput screening,” Lab Chip 10(18), 2433–2442 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vannahme, C.

Vasdekis, A. E.

W. Song, A. E. Vasdekis, Z. Li, and D. Psaltis, “Low-order distributed feedback optofluidic dye laser with reduced threshold,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(5), 051117 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Viator, J. A.

Wang, C.

G. Aubry, Q. Kou, J. Soto-Velasco, C. Wang, S. Meance, J. J. He, and A. M. Haghiri-Gosnet, “A multicolor microfluidic droplet dye laser with single mode emission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(11), 111111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Weitz, D. A.

S. K. Y. Tang, Z. Li, A. R. Abate, J. J. Agresti, D. A. Weitz, D. Psaltis, and G. M. Whitesides, “A multi-color fast-switching microfluidic droplet dye laser,” Lab Chip 9(19), 2767–2771 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

White, I. M.

Whitesides, G. M.

S. K. Y. Tang, Z. Li, A. R. Abate, J. J. Agresti, D. A. Weitz, D. Psaltis, and G. M. Whitesides, “A multi-color fast-switching microfluidic droplet dye laser,” Lab Chip 9(19), 2767–2771 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, C.-S.

Y. Sun, S. I. Shopova, C.-S. Wu, S. Arnold, and X. Fan, “Bioinspired optofluidic FRET lasers via DNA scaffolds,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(37), 16039–16042 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, C.

D. Psaltis, S. R. Quake, and C. Yang, “Developing optofluidic technology through the fusion of microfluidics and optics,” Nature 442(7101), 381–386 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, G.

I. M. White, J. Gohring, Y. Sun, G. Yang, S. Lacey, and X. Fan, “Versatile waveguide-coupled opto-fluidic devices based on liquid core optical ring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(24), 241104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yesilyurt, I.

Q. Kou, I. Yesilyurt, and Y. Chen, “Collinear dual-color laser emission from a microfluidic dye laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(9), 091101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, P.

Zhang, Z. Y.

Zhou, H.

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[CrossRef]

Acc. Chem. Res.

D. T. Chiu and R. M. Lorenz, “Chemistry and biology in femtoliter and picoliter volume droplets,” Acc. Chem. Res. 42(5), 649–658 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

areS. I. Shopova, H. Zhou, X. Fan, and P. Zhang, “Optofluidic ring resonator based dye laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(22), 221101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Kou, I. Yesilyurt, and Y. Chen, “Collinear dual-color laser emission from a microfluidic dye laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(9), 091101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Song, A. E. Vasdekis, Z. Li, and D. Psaltis, “Low-order distributed feedback optofluidic dye laser with reduced threshold,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(5), 051117 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Aubry, Q. Kou, J. Soto-Velasco, C. Wang, S. Meance, J. J. He, and A. M. Haghiri-Gosnet, “A multicolor microfluidic droplet dye laser with single mode emission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(11), 111111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

H. Song, M. R. Bringer, J. D. Tice, C. J. Gerdts, and R. F. Ismagilov, “Experimental test of scaling of mixing by chaotic advection in droplets moving through microfluidic channels,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(22), 4664–4666 (2003).
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J. Micromech. Microeng.

B. Helbo, A. Kristensen, and A. Menon, “A micro-cavity fluidic dye laser,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 13(2), 307–311 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lab Chip

S. K. Y. Tang, Z. Li, A. R. Abate, J. J. Agresti, D. A. Weitz, D. Psaltis, and G. M. Whitesides, “A multi-color fast-switching microfluidic droplet dye laser,” Lab Chip 9(19), 2767–2771 (2009).
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S.-Y. Teh, R. Lin, L.-H. Hung, and A. P. Lee, “Droplet microfluidics,” Lab Chip 8(2), 198–220 (2008).
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V. Trivedi, A. Doshi, G. K. Kurup, E. Ereifej, P. J. Vandevord, and A. S. Basu, “A modular approach for the generation, storage, mixing, and detection of droplet libraries for high throughput screening,” Lab Chip 10(18), 2433–2442 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Microfluid. Nanofluid.

Z. Li and D. Psaltis, “Optofluidic dye lasers,” Microfluid. Nanofluid. 4(1-2), 145–158 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

C. Monat, P. Domachuk, and B. J. Eggleton, “Integrated optofluidics: a new river of light,” Nat. Photonics 1(2), 106–114 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature

D. Psaltis, S. R. Quake, and C. Yang, “Developing optofluidic technology through the fusion of microfluidics and optics,” Nature 442(7101), 381–386 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.

Y. Sun, S. I. Shopova, C.-S. Wu, S. Arnold, and X. Fan, “Bioinspired optofluidic FRET lasers via DNA scaffolds,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(37), 16039–16042 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

Y. Sun and X. Fan, “Highly Selective Single-Nucleotide Polymorphism Detection with Optofluidic Ring Resonator Lasers,” in CLEO/QELS(Optical Society of America, Baltimore, MD, 2011), p. CWL6.

R. K. Chang and A. J. Campillo, Optical Processes in Microcavities (World Scientific, 1996).

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