Abstract

Room temperature random lasing action is demonstrated for the first time in a low concentrated neodymium doped vanadate crystal powder. Laser threshold and emission efficiency are comparable to the ones obtained in stoichiometric borate crystal powders. The present investigation provides a complete picture of the random lasing characteristics of Nd-doped vanadate powder both in the spectral and temporal domain, together with a simplified model which accounts for the most relevant features of the random laser.

© 2011 OSA

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References

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  1. D. S. Wiersma, “The physics and applications of random lasers,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 359–367 (2008).
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    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Andreasen, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Boten, M. A. Byrne, H. Cao, L. Ge, L. Labonté, P. Sebbah, A. D. Stone, H. E. Türeci, and C. Vanneste, “Modes of random lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 3(1), 88–127 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  7. V. M. Markushev, V. F. Zolin, and C. M. Briskinia, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of neodymium in sodium lanthanum molybdate powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16(2), 281–283 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Bahoura and M. A. Noginov, “Determination of the transport mean free path in a solid-state random laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20(11), 2389–2394 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. Que and S. Zhang, “Calculation of the nonlinear optical coefficient of NdAl3(BO3)4 crystal,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 8(12), 1949–1956 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, P. Venkateswarlu, T. Thompson, M. Mahdi, and V. Ostroumov, “Short-pulsed emission in the powders of NdAl3(BO3)4, NdSc3(BO3)4, and Nd:Sr5(PO4)3 laser crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13(9), 2024–2033 (1996).
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    [CrossRef]
  12. C. Maunier, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorge, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, and E. Cavalli, “Growth, spectroscopic characterization, and laser performance of Nd:LuVO4, a new infrared laser material that is suitable for diode pumping,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(8), 1794–1800 (2002).
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  13. A. A. Kaminskii, M. Bettinelli, J. Dong, D. Jaque, and K. Ueda, “Nanosecond Nd3+:LuVO4 self-Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 374–379 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Wang, X. Xu, Z. Zhao, J. Xu, and M. Jiang, “Growth of excellent-quality Nd:LuVO4 single crystal and laser properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 279(1-2), 146–153 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  15. G. Garton, S. H. Smith, and B. M. Wanklyn, “Crystal growth from the flux systems PbO–V2O5 and Bi2O3–V2O5,” J. Cryst. Growth 13–14, 588–592 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  17. M. Bahoura, K. J. Morris, G. Zhu, and M. A. Noginov, “Dependence of the Neodymium random laser threshold on the diameter of the pumped spot,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(5), 677–685 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  18. L. Florescu and S. John, “Lasing in a random amplifying medium: spatiotemporal characteristics and nonadiabatic atomic dynamics,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 70(3), 036607 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. F. Q. Liu, H. R. Xia, Z. C. Ling, S. Q. Sun, D. G. Ran, W. L. Gao, J. L. He, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Diode-pumped Q-Switched intracavity frecuency-doubled Nd:LuVO4 /KTP green laser,” Solid State and Liquid Lasers 18, 954–957 (2008).
  20. F. Q. Liu, H. R. Xia, W. L. Gao, D. G. Ran, S. Q. Sun, Z. C. Ling, P. Zhao, H. J. Zhang, S. R. Zhao, and J. Y. Wang, “Optical and laser properties of Nd:LuVO4 crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 42(3), 260–265 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  21. B. García-Ramiro, M. A. Illarramendi, I. Aramburu, J. Fernández, R. Balda, and M. Al Saleh, “Light propagation in optical crystal powders: effects of particle size and volume filling factor,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19(45), 456213 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (2)

S. García-Revilla, I. Iparraguirre, C. Cascales, J. Azkargorta, R. Balda, M. A. Illarramendi, M. Al-Saleh, and J. Fernández, “Random laser performance of NdxY1-xAl3(BO3)4 laser crystal powders,” Opt. Mater. (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

J. Andreasen, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Boten, M. A. Byrne, H. Cao, L. Ge, L. Labonté, P. Sebbah, A. D. Stone, H. E. Türeci, and C. Vanneste, “Modes of random lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 3(1), 88–127 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

D. S. Wiersma and M. A. Noginov, “Nano and random lasers,” J. Opt. 12(2), 020201 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

J. Fallert, R. J. B. Dietz, J. Sartor, D. Schneider, C. Klingshirn, and H. Kalt, “Co-existence of strongly and weakly localized random laser modes,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 279–282 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, M. Bettinelli, J. Dong, D. Jaque, and K. Ueda, “Nanosecond Nd3+:LuVO4 self-Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 374–379 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

D. S. Wiersma, “The physics and applications of random lasers,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 359–367 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Q. Liu, H. R. Xia, Z. C. Ling, S. Q. Sun, D. G. Ran, W. L. Gao, J. L. He, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Diode-pumped Q-Switched intracavity frecuency-doubled Nd:LuVO4 /KTP green laser,” Solid State and Liquid Lasers 18, 954–957 (2008).

2007 (2)

F. Q. Liu, H. R. Xia, W. L. Gao, D. G. Ran, S. Q. Sun, Z. C. Ling, P. Zhao, H. J. Zhang, S. R. Zhao, and J. Y. Wang, “Optical and laser properties of Nd:LuVO4 crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 42(3), 260–265 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. García-Ramiro, M. A. Illarramendi, I. Aramburu, J. Fernández, R. Balda, and M. Al Saleh, “Light propagation in optical crystal powders: effects of particle size and volume filling factor,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19(45), 456213 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

M. Bahoura, K. J. Morris, G. Zhu, and M. A. Noginov, “Dependence of the Neodymium random laser threshold on the diameter of the pumped spot,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(5), 677–685 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Wang, X. Xu, Z. Zhao, J. Xu, and M. Jiang, “Growth of excellent-quality Nd:LuVO4 single crystal and laser properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 279(1-2), 146–153 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

L. Florescu and S. John, “Lasing in a random amplifying medium: spatiotemporal characteristics and nonadiabatic atomic dynamics,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 70(3), 036607 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

2002 (1)

1996 (2)

1994 (1)

B. C. Chakoumakos, M. M. Abraham, and L. A. Boatner, “Crystal structure refinements of zircon-type MVO4 (M = Sc, Y, Ce, Pr, Nd, Tb, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu),” J. Solid State Chem. 109(1), 197–202 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

V. M. Markushev, V. F. Zolin, and C. M. Briskinia, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of neodymium in sodium lanthanum molybdate powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16(2), 281–283 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

G. Garton, S. H. Smith, and B. M. Wanklyn, “Crystal growth from the flux systems PbO–V2O5 and Bi2O3–V2O5,” J. Cryst. Growth 13–14, 588–592 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Abraham, M. M.

B. C. Chakoumakos, M. M. Abraham, and L. A. Boatner, “Crystal structure refinements of zircon-type MVO4 (M = Sc, Y, Ce, Pr, Nd, Tb, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu),” J. Solid State Chem. 109(1), 197–202 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Al Saleh, M.

B. García-Ramiro, M. A. Illarramendi, I. Aramburu, J. Fernández, R. Balda, and M. Al Saleh, “Light propagation in optical crystal powders: effects of particle size and volume filling factor,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19(45), 456213 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Al-Saleh, M.

S. García-Revilla, I. Iparraguirre, C. Cascales, J. Azkargorta, R. Balda, M. A. Illarramendi, M. Al-Saleh, and J. Fernández, “Random laser performance of NdxY1-xAl3(BO3)4 laser crystal powders,” Opt. Mater. (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Andreasen, J.

Aramburu, I.

B. García-Ramiro, M. A. Illarramendi, I. Aramburu, J. Fernández, R. Balda, and M. Al Saleh, “Light propagation in optical crystal powders: effects of particle size and volume filling factor,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19(45), 456213 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Asatryan, A. A.

Azkargorta, J.

S. García-Revilla, I. Iparraguirre, C. Cascales, J. Azkargorta, R. Balda, M. A. Illarramendi, M. Al-Saleh, and J. Fernández, “Random laser performance of NdxY1-xAl3(BO3)4 laser crystal powders,” Opt. Mater. (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Bahoura, M.

M. Bahoura, K. J. Morris, G. Zhu, and M. A. Noginov, “Dependence of the Neodymium random laser threshold on the diameter of the pumped spot,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(5), 677–685 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Bahoura and M. A. Noginov, “Determination of the transport mean free path in a solid-state random laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20(11), 2389–2394 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Balda, R.

S. García-Revilla, I. Iparraguirre, C. Cascales, J. Azkargorta, R. Balda, M. A. Illarramendi, M. Al-Saleh, and J. Fernández, “Random laser performance of NdxY1-xAl3(BO3)4 laser crystal powders,” Opt. Mater. (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

B. García-Ramiro, M. A. Illarramendi, I. Aramburu, J. Fernández, R. Balda, and M. Al Saleh, “Light propagation in optical crystal powders: effects of particle size and volume filling factor,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19(45), 456213 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bettinelli, M.

Boatner, L. A.

B. C. Chakoumakos, M. M. Abraham, and L. A. Boatner, “Crystal structure refinements of zircon-type MVO4 (M = Sc, Y, Ce, Pr, Nd, Tb, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu),” J. Solid State Chem. 109(1), 197–202 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Boten, L. C.

Briskinia, C. M.

V. M. Markushev, V. F. Zolin, and C. M. Briskinia, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of neodymium in sodium lanthanum molybdate powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16(2), 281–283 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Byrne, M. A.

Cao, H.

Cascales, C.

S. García-Revilla, I. Iparraguirre, C. Cascales, J. Azkargorta, R. Balda, M. A. Illarramendi, M. Al-Saleh, and J. Fernández, “Random laser performance of NdxY1-xAl3(BO3)4 laser crystal powders,” Opt. Mater. (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Caulfield, H. J.

Cavalli, E.

Chakoumakos, B. C.

B. C. Chakoumakos, M. M. Abraham, and L. A. Boatner, “Crystal structure refinements of zircon-type MVO4 (M = Sc, Y, Ce, Pr, Nd, Tb, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu),” J. Solid State Chem. 109(1), 197–202 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dietz, R. J. B.

J. Fallert, R. J. B. Dietz, J. Sartor, D. Schneider, C. Klingshirn, and H. Kalt, “Co-existence of strongly and weakly localized random laser modes,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 279–282 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dong, J.

A. A. Kaminskii, M. Bettinelli, J. Dong, D. Jaque, and K. Ueda, “Nanosecond Nd3+:LuVO4 self-Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 374–379 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Doualan, J. L.

Fallert, J.

J. Fallert, R. J. B. Dietz, J. Sartor, D. Schneider, C. Klingshirn, and H. Kalt, “Co-existence of strongly and weakly localized random laser modes,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 279–282 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fernández, J.

S. García-Revilla, I. Iparraguirre, C. Cascales, J. Azkargorta, R. Balda, M. A. Illarramendi, M. Al-Saleh, and J. Fernández, “Random laser performance of NdxY1-xAl3(BO3)4 laser crystal powders,” Opt. Mater. (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

B. García-Ramiro, M. A. Illarramendi, I. Aramburu, J. Fernández, R. Balda, and M. Al Saleh, “Light propagation in optical crystal powders: effects of particle size and volume filling factor,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19(45), 456213 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Florescu, L.

L. Florescu and S. John, “Lasing in a random amplifying medium: spatiotemporal characteristics and nonadiabatic atomic dynamics,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 70(3), 036607 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gao, W. L.

F. Q. Liu, H. R. Xia, Z. C. Ling, S. Q. Sun, D. G. Ran, W. L. Gao, J. L. He, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Diode-pumped Q-Switched intracavity frecuency-doubled Nd:LuVO4 /KTP green laser,” Solid State and Liquid Lasers 18, 954–957 (2008).

F. Q. Liu, H. R. Xia, W. L. Gao, D. G. Ran, S. Q. Sun, Z. C. Ling, P. Zhao, H. J. Zhang, S. R. Zhao, and J. Y. Wang, “Optical and laser properties of Nd:LuVO4 crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 42(3), 260–265 (2007).
[CrossRef]

García-Ramiro, B.

B. García-Ramiro, M. A. Illarramendi, I. Aramburu, J. Fernández, R. Balda, and M. Al Saleh, “Light propagation in optical crystal powders: effects of particle size and volume filling factor,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19(45), 456213 (2007).
[CrossRef]

García-Revilla, S.

S. García-Revilla, I. Iparraguirre, C. Cascales, J. Azkargorta, R. Balda, M. A. Illarramendi, M. Al-Saleh, and J. Fernández, “Random laser performance of NdxY1-xAl3(BO3)4 laser crystal powders,” Opt. Mater. (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Garton, G.

G. Garton, S. H. Smith, and B. M. Wanklyn, “Crystal growth from the flux systems PbO–V2O5 and Bi2O3–V2O5,” J. Cryst. Growth 13–14, 588–592 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Ge, L.

He, J. L.

F. Q. Liu, H. R. Xia, Z. C. Ling, S. Q. Sun, D. G. Ran, W. L. Gao, J. L. He, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Diode-pumped Q-Switched intracavity frecuency-doubled Nd:LuVO4 /KTP green laser,” Solid State and Liquid Lasers 18, 954–957 (2008).

Illarramendi, M. A.

S. García-Revilla, I. Iparraguirre, C. Cascales, J. Azkargorta, R. Balda, M. A. Illarramendi, M. Al-Saleh, and J. Fernández, “Random laser performance of NdxY1-xAl3(BO3)4 laser crystal powders,” Opt. Mater. (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

B. García-Ramiro, M. A. Illarramendi, I. Aramburu, J. Fernández, R. Balda, and M. Al Saleh, “Light propagation in optical crystal powders: effects of particle size and volume filling factor,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19(45), 456213 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Iparraguirre, I.

S. García-Revilla, I. Iparraguirre, C. Cascales, J. Azkargorta, R. Balda, M. A. Illarramendi, M. Al-Saleh, and J. Fernández, “Random laser performance of NdxY1-xAl3(BO3)4 laser crystal powders,” Opt. Mater. (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Jaque, D.

A. A. Kaminskii, M. Bettinelli, J. Dong, D. Jaque, and K. Ueda, “Nanosecond Nd3+:LuVO4 self-Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 374–379 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M.

S. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Wang, X. Xu, Z. Zhao, J. Xu, and M. Jiang, “Growth of excellent-quality Nd:LuVO4 single crystal and laser properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 279(1-2), 146–153 (2005).
[CrossRef]

John, S.

L. Florescu and S. John, “Lasing in a random amplifying medium: spatiotemporal characteristics and nonadiabatic atomic dynamics,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 70(3), 036607 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kalt, H.

J. Fallert, R. J. B. Dietz, J. Sartor, D. Schneider, C. Klingshirn, and H. Kalt, “Co-existence of strongly and weakly localized random laser modes,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 279–282 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, M. Bettinelli, J. Dong, D. Jaque, and K. Ueda, “Nanosecond Nd3+:LuVO4 self-Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 374–379 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Klingshirn, C.

J. Fallert, R. J. B. Dietz, J. Sartor, D. Schneider, C. Klingshirn, and H. Kalt, “Co-existence of strongly and weakly localized random laser modes,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 279–282 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Labonté, L.

Ling, Z. C.

F. Q. Liu, H. R. Xia, Z. C. Ling, S. Q. Sun, D. G. Ran, W. L. Gao, J. L. He, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Diode-pumped Q-Switched intracavity frecuency-doubled Nd:LuVO4 /KTP green laser,” Solid State and Liquid Lasers 18, 954–957 (2008).

F. Q. Liu, H. R. Xia, W. L. Gao, D. G. Ran, S. Q. Sun, Z. C. Ling, P. Zhao, H. J. Zhang, S. R. Zhao, and J. Y. Wang, “Optical and laser properties of Nd:LuVO4 crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 42(3), 260–265 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, F. Q.

F. Q. Liu, H. R. Xia, Z. C. Ling, S. Q. Sun, D. G. Ran, W. L. Gao, J. L. He, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Diode-pumped Q-Switched intracavity frecuency-doubled Nd:LuVO4 /KTP green laser,” Solid State and Liquid Lasers 18, 954–957 (2008).

F. Q. Liu, H. R. Xia, W. L. Gao, D. G. Ran, S. Q. Sun, Z. C. Ling, P. Zhao, H. J. Zhang, S. R. Zhao, and J. Y. Wang, “Optical and laser properties of Nd:LuVO4 crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 42(3), 260–265 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

S. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Wang, X. Xu, Z. Zhao, J. Xu, and M. Jiang, “Growth of excellent-quality Nd:LuVO4 single crystal and laser properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 279(1-2), 146–153 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mahdi, M.

Markushev, V. M.

V. M. Markushev, V. F. Zolin, and C. M. Briskinia, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of neodymium in sodium lanthanum molybdate powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16(2), 281–283 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Maunier, C.

Moncorge, R.

Morris, K. J.

M. Bahoura, K. J. Morris, G. Zhu, and M. A. Noginov, “Dependence of the Neodymium random laser threshold on the diameter of the pumped spot,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(5), 677–685 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Noginov, M. A.

Noginova, N. E.

Ostroumov, V.

Que, D.

D. Que and S. Zhang, “Calculation of the nonlinear optical coefficient of NdAl3(BO3)4 crystal,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 8(12), 1949–1956 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ran, D. G.

F. Q. Liu, H. R. Xia, Z. C. Ling, S. Q. Sun, D. G. Ran, W. L. Gao, J. L. He, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Diode-pumped Q-Switched intracavity frecuency-doubled Nd:LuVO4 /KTP green laser,” Solid State and Liquid Lasers 18, 954–957 (2008).

F. Q. Liu, H. R. Xia, W. L. Gao, D. G. Ran, S. Q. Sun, Z. C. Ling, P. Zhao, H. J. Zhang, S. R. Zhao, and J. Y. Wang, “Optical and laser properties of Nd:LuVO4 crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 42(3), 260–265 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sartor, J.

J. Fallert, R. J. B. Dietz, J. Sartor, D. Schneider, C. Klingshirn, and H. Kalt, “Co-existence of strongly and weakly localized random laser modes,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 279–282 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schneider, D.

J. Fallert, R. J. B. Dietz, J. Sartor, D. Schneider, C. Klingshirn, and H. Kalt, “Co-existence of strongly and weakly localized random laser modes,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 279–282 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sebbah, P.

Smith, S. H.

G. Garton, S. H. Smith, and B. M. Wanklyn, “Crystal growth from the flux systems PbO–V2O5 and Bi2O3–V2O5,” J. Cryst. Growth 13–14, 588–592 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Speghini, A.

Stone, A. D.

Sun, S. Q.

F. Q. Liu, H. R. Xia, Z. C. Ling, S. Q. Sun, D. G. Ran, W. L. Gao, J. L. He, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Diode-pumped Q-Switched intracavity frecuency-doubled Nd:LuVO4 /KTP green laser,” Solid State and Liquid Lasers 18, 954–957 (2008).

F. Q. Liu, H. R. Xia, W. L. Gao, D. G. Ran, S. Q. Sun, Z. C. Ling, P. Zhao, H. J. Zhang, S. R. Zhao, and J. Y. Wang, “Optical and laser properties of Nd:LuVO4 crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 42(3), 260–265 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, T.

Türeci, H. E.

Ueda, K.

A. A. Kaminskii, M. Bettinelli, J. Dong, D. Jaque, and K. Ueda, “Nanosecond Nd3+:LuVO4 self-Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 374–379 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vanneste, C.

Venkateswarlu, P.

Wang, J.

S. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Wang, X. Xu, Z. Zhao, J. Xu, and M. Jiang, “Growth of excellent-quality Nd:LuVO4 single crystal and laser properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 279(1-2), 146–153 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. Y.

F. Q. Liu, H. R. Xia, Z. C. Ling, S. Q. Sun, D. G. Ran, W. L. Gao, J. L. He, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Diode-pumped Q-Switched intracavity frecuency-doubled Nd:LuVO4 /KTP green laser,” Solid State and Liquid Lasers 18, 954–957 (2008).

F. Q. Liu, H. R. Xia, W. L. Gao, D. G. Ran, S. Q. Sun, Z. C. Ling, P. Zhao, H. J. Zhang, S. R. Zhao, and J. Y. Wang, “Optical and laser properties of Nd:LuVO4 crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 42(3), 260–265 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wanklyn, B. M.

G. Garton, S. H. Smith, and B. M. Wanklyn, “Crystal growth from the flux systems PbO–V2O5 and Bi2O3–V2O5,” J. Cryst. Growth 13–14, 588–592 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Wiersma, D. S.

D. S. Wiersma and M. A. Noginov, “Nano and random lasers,” J. Opt. 12(2), 020201 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Wiersma, “The physics and applications of random lasers,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 359–367 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xia, H. R.

F. Q. Liu, H. R. Xia, Z. C. Ling, S. Q. Sun, D. G. Ran, W. L. Gao, J. L. He, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Diode-pumped Q-Switched intracavity frecuency-doubled Nd:LuVO4 /KTP green laser,” Solid State and Liquid Lasers 18, 954–957 (2008).

F. Q. Liu, H. R. Xia, W. L. Gao, D. G. Ran, S. Q. Sun, Z. C. Ling, P. Zhao, H. J. Zhang, S. R. Zhao, and J. Y. Wang, “Optical and laser properties of Nd:LuVO4 crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 42(3), 260–265 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

S. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Wang, X. Xu, Z. Zhao, J. Xu, and M. Jiang, “Growth of excellent-quality Nd:LuVO4 single crystal and laser properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 279(1-2), 146–153 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X.

S. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Wang, X. Xu, Z. Zhao, J. Xu, and M. Jiang, “Growth of excellent-quality Nd:LuVO4 single crystal and laser properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 279(1-2), 146–153 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

S. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Wang, X. Xu, Z. Zhao, J. Xu, and M. Jiang, “Growth of excellent-quality Nd:LuVO4 single crystal and laser properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 279(1-2), 146–153 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H. J.

F. Q. Liu, H. R. Xia, Z. C. Ling, S. Q. Sun, D. G. Ran, W. L. Gao, J. L. He, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Diode-pumped Q-Switched intracavity frecuency-doubled Nd:LuVO4 /KTP green laser,” Solid State and Liquid Lasers 18, 954–957 (2008).

F. Q. Liu, H. R. Xia, W. L. Gao, D. G. Ran, S. Q. Sun, Z. C. Ling, P. Zhao, H. J. Zhang, S. R. Zhao, and J. Y. Wang, “Optical and laser properties of Nd:LuVO4 crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 42(3), 260–265 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S.

D. Que and S. Zhang, “Calculation of the nonlinear optical coefficient of NdAl3(BO3)4 crystal,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 8(12), 1949–1956 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, P.

F. Q. Liu, H. R. Xia, W. L. Gao, D. G. Ran, S. Q. Sun, Z. C. Ling, P. Zhao, H. J. Zhang, S. R. Zhao, and J. Y. Wang, “Optical and laser properties of Nd:LuVO4 crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 42(3), 260–265 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, S.

S. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Wang, X. Xu, Z. Zhao, J. Xu, and M. Jiang, “Growth of excellent-quality Nd:LuVO4 single crystal and laser properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 279(1-2), 146–153 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, S. R.

F. Q. Liu, H. R. Xia, W. L. Gao, D. G. Ran, S. Q. Sun, Z. C. Ling, P. Zhao, H. J. Zhang, S. R. Zhao, and J. Y. Wang, “Optical and laser properties of Nd:LuVO4 crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 42(3), 260–265 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Z.

S. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Wang, X. Xu, Z. Zhao, J. Xu, and M. Jiang, “Growth of excellent-quality Nd:LuVO4 single crystal and laser properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 279(1-2), 146–153 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, G.

M. Bahoura, K. J. Morris, G. Zhu, and M. A. Noginov, “Dependence of the Neodymium random laser threshold on the diameter of the pumped spot,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(5), 677–685 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zolin, V. F.

V. M. Markushev, V. F. Zolin, and C. M. Briskinia, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of neodymium in sodium lanthanum molybdate powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16(2), 281–283 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Opt. Photon. (1)

Cryst. Res. Technol. (1)

F. Q. Liu, H. R. Xia, W. L. Gao, D. G. Ran, S. Q. Sun, Z. C. Ling, P. Zhao, H. J. Zhang, S. R. Zhao, and J. Y. Wang, “Optical and laser properties of Nd:LuVO4 crystal,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 42(3), 260–265 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Bahoura, K. J. Morris, G. Zhu, and M. A. Noginov, “Dependence of the Neodymium random laser threshold on the diameter of the pumped spot,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(5), 677–685 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (2)

S. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Wang, X. Xu, Z. Zhao, J. Xu, and M. Jiang, “Growth of excellent-quality Nd:LuVO4 single crystal and laser properties,” J. Cryst. Growth 279(1-2), 146–153 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Garton, S. H. Smith, and B. M. Wanklyn, “Crystal growth from the flux systems PbO–V2O5 and Bi2O3–V2O5,” J. Cryst. Growth 13–14, 588–592 (1972).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. (1)

D. S. Wiersma and M. A. Noginov, “Nano and random lasers,” J. Opt. 12(2), 020201 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (2)

D. Que and S. Zhang, “Calculation of the nonlinear optical coefficient of NdAl3(BO3)4 crystal,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 8(12), 1949–1956 (1996).
[CrossRef]

B. García-Ramiro, M. A. Illarramendi, I. Aramburu, J. Fernández, R. Balda, and M. Al Saleh, “Light propagation in optical crystal powders: effects of particle size and volume filling factor,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19(45), 456213 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Solid State Chem. (1)

B. C. Chakoumakos, M. M. Abraham, and L. A. Boatner, “Crystal structure refinements of zircon-type MVO4 (M = Sc, Y, Ce, Pr, Nd, Tb, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu),” J. Solid State Chem. 109(1), 197–202 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, M. Bettinelli, J. Dong, D. Jaque, and K. Ueda, “Nanosecond Nd3+:LuVO4 self-Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 374–379 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

J. Fallert, R. J. B. Dietz, J. Sartor, D. Schneider, C. Klingshirn, and H. Kalt, “Co-existence of strongly and weakly localized random laser modes,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 279–282 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (1)

D. S. Wiersma, “The physics and applications of random lasers,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 359–367 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Mater. (1)

S. García-Revilla, I. Iparraguirre, C. Cascales, J. Azkargorta, R. Balda, M. A. Illarramendi, M. Al-Saleh, and J. Fernández, “Random laser performance of NdxY1-xAl3(BO3)4 laser crystal powders,” Opt. Mater. (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. (1)

L. Florescu and S. John, “Lasing in a random amplifying medium: spatiotemporal characteristics and nonadiabatic atomic dynamics,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 70(3), 036607 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Solid State and Liquid Lasers (1)

F. Q. Liu, H. R. Xia, Z. C. Ling, S. Q. Sun, D. G. Ran, W. L. Gao, J. L. He, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Diode-pumped Q-Switched intracavity frecuency-doubled Nd:LuVO4 /KTP green laser,” Solid State and Liquid Lasers 18, 954–957 (2008).

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

V. M. Markushev, V. F. Zolin, and C. M. Briskinia, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of neodymium in sodium lanthanum molybdate powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16(2), 281–283 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Waves Random Media (1)

H. Cao, “Lasing in random media,” Waves Random Media 13(3), R1–R39 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

M. A. Noginov, “Solid-State Random Lasers,” (Springer, Berlin, 2005).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Histogram of the Nd3+:LuVO4 particle size. The inset shows the SEM photograph of the laser crystal.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Normalized emission spectra from Nd3+(3%) LuVO4 powder crystal obtained at pumping energies below (5 mJ blue) and above (24 mJ red) the laser threshold.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Stimulated emission intensity pulses of Nd3+ (3%): LuVO4 powder crystal as function of time at some different pump energies. The zero time marks the start of the pump pulse.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Laser output energy as a function of the pumping energy for Nd3+(3%):LuVO4 (red dots) and NdAl3(BO3)4 (blue dots) powders.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Theoretical predictions of the laser output of Nd3+(3%):LuVO4 powder crystal as a function of time and for different pumping energies: (a) using l = 130 µm and (b) using l = 1950 µm and σem/15.

Equations (2)

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d W 0 d t = v σ e m W 0 ( N N 0 ) + β K N
d N d t = I i n L K N v σ e m N W 0

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