Abstract

For the first time, 3-dimensional luminescence spectra (luminescence intensity as a function of the excitation and emission wavelengths) have been obtained for bismuth-doped optical fibers of various compositions in a wide spectral range (450-1700 nm). The bismuth-doped fibers investigated have the following core compositions: SiO2, GeO2, Al-doped SiO2, and P-doped SiO2. The measurements are performed at room and liquid nitrogen temperatures. Based on the experimental results, the positions of the low-lying energy-levels of the IR bismuth active centers in SiO2- and GeO2-core fibers have been determined. Similarity of the energy-level schemes for the two core compositions has been revealed.

© 2011 OSA

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2011 (4)

2010 (5)

Y. Arai, T. Sizuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Spectroscopic properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for ultra-broadband near-infrared gain media,” Glass Technology: European Journal of Glass Science and Technology Part A 51, 86–88 (2010).

M. Peng and L. Wondraczek, “Orange-to-Red Emission from Bi2+and Alkaline Earth Codoped Strontium Borate Phosphors for White Light Emitting Diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93, 1437–1442 (2010).

E. M. Dianov, “On the nature of near-IR emitting Bi centers in glass,” Quantum Electron. 40(4), 283–285 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Bufetov, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of active bismuth centres in silica fibres containing no other dopants,” Quantum Electron. 40(7), 639–641 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers for the spectral region 1300-1500 nm,” Proc. SPIE 7580, 758014-1–758014-9 (2010).

2009 (3)

E. M. Dianov, M. A. Melkumov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bismuth-doped fibre amplifier for the range 1300 — 1340 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1099–1101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped glassoptical fibers: Is it a new breakthrough in laser materials?” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(37-42), 1861–1864 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2005 (1)

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared Luminescence from Bismuth-Doped Silica Glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 3B), L279–L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Gaft, R. Reisfeld, G. Panczer, G. Boulon, T. Saraidarov, and S. Erlish, “The luminescence of Bi, Ag and Cu in natural and synthetic barite BaSO4,” Opt. Mater. 16(1-2), 279–290 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

A. M. Srivastava, “Luminescence of divalent bismuth in M2+BPO5 (M2+=Ba2+, Sr2+ and Ca2+),” J. Lumin. 78(4), 239–243 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Alfano, R. R.

Arai, Y.

Y. Arai, T. Sizuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Spectroscopic properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for ultra-broadband near-infrared gain media,” Glass Technology: European Journal of Glass Science and Technology Part A 51, 86–88 (2010).

Bigot, L.

I. Razdobreev and L. Bigot, “On the multiplicity of Bismuth active centres in germano-aluminosilicate preform,” Opt. Mater. 33(6), 973–977 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Boulon, G.

M. Gaft, R. Reisfeld, G. Panczer, G. Boulon, T. Saraidarov, and S. Erlish, “The luminescence of Bi, Ag and Cu in natural and synthetic barite BaSO4,” Opt. Mater. 16(1-2), 279–290 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bufetov, I. A.

M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser diode pumped bismuth-doped optical fiber amplifier for 1430 nm band,” Opt. Lett. 36(13), 2408–2410 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Shubin, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, A. E. Levchenko, E. G. Firstova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical gain and laser generation in bismuth-doped silica fibers free of other dopants,” Opt. Lett. 36(2), 166–168 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers for the spectral region 1300-1500 nm,” Proc. SPIE 7580, 758014-1–758014-9 (2010).

I. A. Bufetov, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of active bismuth centres in silica fibres containing no other dopants,” Quantum Electron. 40(7), 639–641 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, M. A. Melkumov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bismuth-doped fibre amplifier for the range 1300 — 1340 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1099–1101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bufetova, G. A.

I. A. Bufetov, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of active bismuth centres in silica fibres containing no other dopants,” Quantum Electron. 40(7), 639–641 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bykov, A. B.

Dianov, E. M.

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Shubin, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, A. E. Levchenko, E. G. Firstova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical gain and laser generation in bismuth-doped silica fibers free of other dopants,” Opt. Lett. 36(2), 166–168 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser diode pumped bismuth-doped optical fiber amplifier for 1430 nm band,” Opt. Lett. 36(13), 2408–2410 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. A. Bufetov, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of active bismuth centres in silica fibres containing no other dopants,” Quantum Electron. 40(7), 639–641 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, “On the nature of near-IR emitting Bi centers in glass,” Quantum Electron. 40(4), 283–285 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers for the spectral region 1300-1500 nm,” Proc. SPIE 7580, 758014-1–758014-9 (2010).

E. M. Dianov, M. A. Melkumov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bismuth-doped fibre amplifier for the range 1300 — 1340 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1099–1101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped glassoptical fibers: Is it a new breakthrough in laser materials?” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(37-42), 1861–1864 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dong, G.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dvoyrin, V. V.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Erlish, S.

M. Gaft, R. Reisfeld, G. Panczer, G. Boulon, T. Saraidarov, and S. Erlish, “The luminescence of Bi, Ag and Cu in natural and synthetic barite BaSO4,” Opt. Mater. 16(1-2), 279–290 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Firstov, S. V.

M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser diode pumped bismuth-doped optical fiber amplifier for 1430 nm band,” Opt. Lett. 36(13), 2408–2410 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Shubin, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, A. E. Levchenko, E. G. Firstova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical gain and laser generation in bismuth-doped silica fibers free of other dopants,” Opt. Lett. 36(2), 166–168 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers for the spectral region 1300-1500 nm,” Proc. SPIE 7580, 758014-1–758014-9 (2010).

I. A. Bufetov, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of active bismuth centres in silica fibres containing no other dopants,” Quantum Electron. 40(7), 639–641 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, M. A. Melkumov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bismuth-doped fibre amplifier for the range 1300 — 1340 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1099–1101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Firstova, E. G.

Fujimoto, Y.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared Luminescence from Bismuth-Doped Silica Glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 3B), L279–L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gaft, M.

M. Gaft, R. Reisfeld, G. Panczer, G. Boulon, T. Saraidarov, and S. Erlish, “The luminescence of Bi, Ag and Cu in natural and synthetic barite BaSO4,” Opt. Mater. 16(1-2), 279–290 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Guryanov, A. N.

M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser diode pumped bismuth-doped optical fiber amplifier for 1430 nm band,” Opt. Lett. 36(13), 2408–2410 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers for the spectral region 1300-1500 nm,” Proc. SPIE 7580, 758014-1–758014-9 (2010).

E. M. Dianov, M. A. Melkumov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bismuth-doped fibre amplifier for the range 1300 — 1340 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1099–1101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Khopin, V. F.

M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser diode pumped bismuth-doped optical fiber amplifier for 1430 nm band,” Opt. Lett. 36(13), 2408–2410 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers for the spectral region 1300-1500 nm,” Proc. SPIE 7580, 758014-1–758014-9 (2010).

E. M. Dianov, M. A. Melkumov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bismuth-doped fibre amplifier for the range 1300 — 1340 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1099–1101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Levchenko, A. E.

Mashinsky, V. M.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Medvedkov, O. I.

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers for the spectral region 1300-1500 nm,” Proc. SPIE 7580, 758014-1–758014-9 (2010).

Melkumov, M. A.

M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser diode pumped bismuth-doped optical fiber amplifier for 1430 nm band,” Opt. Lett. 36(13), 2408–2410 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Shubin, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, A. E. Levchenko, E. G. Firstova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical gain and laser generation in bismuth-doped silica fibers free of other dopants,” Opt. Lett. 36(2), 166–168 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers for the spectral region 1300-1500 nm,” Proc. SPIE 7580, 758014-1–758014-9 (2010).

E. M. Dianov, M. A. Melkumov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bismuth-doped fibre amplifier for the range 1300 — 1340 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1099–1101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nakatsuka, M.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared Luminescence from Bismuth-Doped Silica Glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 3B), L279–L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ohishi, Y.

Y. Arai, T. Sizuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Spectroscopic properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for ultra-broadband near-infrared gain media,” Glass Technology: European Journal of Glass Science and Technology Part A 51, 86–88 (2010).

Panczer, G.

M. Gaft, R. Reisfeld, G. Panczer, G. Boulon, T. Saraidarov, and S. Erlish, “The luminescence of Bi, Ag and Cu in natural and synthetic barite BaSO4,” Opt. Mater. 16(1-2), 279–290 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Peng, M.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Peng and L. Wondraczek, “Orange-to-Red Emission from Bi2+and Alkaline Earth Codoped Strontium Borate Phosphors for White Light Emitting Diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93, 1437–1442 (2010).

Petricevic, V.

Qiu, J.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Razdobreev, I.

I. Razdobreev and L. Bigot, “On the multiplicity of Bismuth active centres in germano-aluminosilicate preform,” Opt. Mater. 33(6), 973–977 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Reisfeld, R.

M. Gaft, R. Reisfeld, G. Panczer, G. Boulon, T. Saraidarov, and S. Erlish, “The luminescence of Bi, Ag and Cu in natural and synthetic barite BaSO4,” Opt. Mater. 16(1-2), 279–290 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Saraidarov, T.

M. Gaft, R. Reisfeld, G. Panczer, G. Boulon, T. Saraidarov, and S. Erlish, “The luminescence of Bi, Ag and Cu in natural and synthetic barite BaSO4,” Opt. Mater. 16(1-2), 279–290 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Semenov, S. L.

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Shubin, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, A. E. Levchenko, E. G. Firstova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical gain and laser generation in bismuth-doped silica fibers free of other dopants,” Opt. Lett. 36(2), 166–168 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. A. Bufetov, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of active bismuth centres in silica fibres containing no other dopants,” Quantum Electron. 40(7), 639–641 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sharonov, M. Yu.

Shubin, A. V.

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Shubin, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, A. E. Levchenko, E. G. Firstova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical gain and laser generation in bismuth-doped silica fibers free of other dopants,” Opt. Lett. 36(2), 166–168 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser diode pumped bismuth-doped optical fiber amplifier for 1430 nm band,” Opt. Lett. 36(13), 2408–2410 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers for the spectral region 1300-1500 nm,” Proc. SPIE 7580, 758014-1–758014-9 (2010).

E. M. Dianov, M. A. Melkumov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bismuth-doped fibre amplifier for the range 1300 — 1340 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1099–1101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sizuki, T.

Y. Arai, T. Sizuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Spectroscopic properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for ultra-broadband near-infrared gain media,” Glass Technology: European Journal of Glass Science and Technology Part A 51, 86–88 (2010).

Srivastava, A. M.

A. M. Srivastava, “Luminescence of divalent bismuth in M2+BPO5 (M2+=Ba2+, Sr2+ and Ca2+),” J. Lumin. 78(4), 239–243 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Umnikov, A. A.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vel’miskin, V. V.

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Shubin, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, A. E. Levchenko, E. G. Firstova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical gain and laser generation in bismuth-doped silica fibers free of other dopants,” Opt. Lett. 36(2), 166–168 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. A. Bufetov, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of active bismuth centres in silica fibres containing no other dopants,” Quantum Electron. 40(7), 639–641 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wondraczek, L.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Peng and L. Wondraczek, “Orange-to-Red Emission from Bi2+and Alkaline Earth Codoped Strontium Borate Phosphors for White Light Emitting Diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93, 1437–1442 (2010).

Yashkov, M. V.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, N.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Glass Technology: European Journal of Glass Science and Technology Part A (1)

Y. Arai, T. Sizuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Spectroscopic properties of bismuth-doped silicate glasses for ultra-broadband near-infrared gain media,” Glass Technology: European Journal of Glass Science and Technology Part A 51, 86–88 (2010).

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

M. Peng and L. Wondraczek, “Orange-to-Red Emission from Bi2+and Alkaline Earth Codoped Strontium Borate Phosphors for White Light Emitting Diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93, 1437–1442 (2010).

J. Lumin. (1)

A. M. Srivastava, “Luminescence of divalent bismuth in M2+BPO5 (M2+=Ba2+, Sr2+ and Ca2+),” J. Lumin. 78(4), 239–243 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (2)

E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped glassoptical fibers: Is it a new breakthrough in laser materials?” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355(37-42), 1861–1864 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, “Discussion on the origin of NIR emission from Bi-doped materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2241–2245 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared Luminescence from Bismuth-Doped Silica Glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 3B), L279–L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Mater. (2)

M. Gaft, R. Reisfeld, G. Panczer, G. Boulon, T. Saraidarov, and S. Erlish, “The luminescence of Bi, Ag and Cu in natural and synthetic barite BaSO4,” Opt. Mater. 16(1-2), 279–290 (2001).
[CrossRef]

I. Razdobreev and L. Bigot, “On the multiplicity of Bismuth active centres in germano-aluminosilicate preform,” Opt. Mater. 33(6), 973–977 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Shubin, O. I. Medvedkov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Efficient Bi-doped fiber lasers and amplifiers for the spectral region 1300-1500 nm,” Proc. SPIE 7580, 758014-1–758014-9 (2010).

Quantum Electron. (4)

E. M. Dianov, “On the nature of near-IR emitting Bi centers in glass,” Quantum Electron. 40(4), 283–285 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Bufetov, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of active bismuth centres in silica fibres containing no other dopants,” Quantum Electron. 40(7), 639–641 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “CW bismuth fibre laser,” Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1083–1084 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, M. A. Melkumov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and I. A. Bufetov, “Bismuth-doped fibre amplifier for the range 1300 — 1340 nm,” Quantum Electron. 39(12), 1099–1101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Absorption, Fluorescence and Optical Amplification in MCVD Bismuth-Doped Silica Glass Optical Fibres,” in: Proc. of European Conference on Optical Communications, (Glasgow, UK, September 25–29, 2005), paper Th 3.3.5.

T. Haruna, M. Kakui, T. Taru, Sh. Ishikawa, and M. Onishi, “Silica-Based Bismuth-Doped Fiber for Ultra Broad Band Light-Sourse and Optical Amplification around 1.1 μm,” in: Proc. Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications Topical Meeting, (Budapest, Hungary, August 7–10, 2005), paper MC3.

S. V. Firstov, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, I. A. Bufetov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “The 20 W CW fibre laser at 1460 nm based on Si-associated bismuth active centers in germanosilicate fibres,” in: Proc. of 2011 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO/Europe, Munich, Germany, 2011), paper PDA7. TUE.

L. I. Bulatov, V. M. Mashinsky, V. V. Dvoyrin, and A. P. Sukhorukov, “Spectroscopic study of bismuth centers in aluminosilicate optical fibers,” Journal of radio electronics, Nº3, pp.1–19, (2009) (in Russian).

E. M. Dianov, S. V. Firstov, O. I. Medvedkov, I. A. Bufetov, V. F. Khopin, and A. N. Guryanov, “Luminescence and laser generation in Bi-doped fibers in a spectral region of 1300-1520 nm”, in: Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (San Diego, CA, USA, 2009) paper OTW3.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Dependence of the BAC luminescence intensity on the luminescence and excitation wavelengths measured in the SBi-fiber at T=300 K (а) and Т=77 К (c); The SBi-fiber loss spectrum (b).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Dependence of the BAC luminescence intensity on the luminescence and excitation wavelengths measured in the GBi-fiber at T=300 K (а) and Т=77 К (c); typical BAC absorption spectrum in fibers of this composition (b).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Dependence of the BAC luminescence intensity on the luminescence and excitation wavelengths measured in the ASBi-fiber at T=300 K (а) and Т=77 К (c); typical BAC absorption spectrum in fibers of this composition (b).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Dependence of the BAC luminescence intensity on the luminescence and excitation wavelengths measured in the PSBi-fiber at T=300 K (а) and Т=77 К (c); typical BAC absorption spectrum in fibers of this composition (b).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Excitation spectra of red luminescence in: 1- crystal SrB6O10:Bi2+em=690nm) [18]; 2- crystal SrB4O7:Bi2+em=630nm) [18]; 3-SBi-fiber (λem=590nm); 4-ASBi-fiber (λem=745nm); 5-PSBi-fiber (λem=760nm).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Energy-level schemes of ВАС-Si (a) and BAC-Ge (b). Solid lines with arrows pointing down depict the optical transitions at RT and LNT. Dashed lines depict transitions, the luminescence of which was not observed. Short arrows pointing up denote the excitation wavelengths. To the right of the short arrows, the inter-level transitions corresponding to this pump are shown.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Anti-Stokes luminescence of the SBi-fiber upon excitation by a laser diode (λ=803 nm) at RT and LNT.

Tables (5)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Designation, core composition, and fabrication method of the fibers investigated

Tables Icon

Table 2 Main BAC luminescence peaks in the SBi-fiber: peak designation, excitation and emission wavelengths at T=300 K и 77 K (see Fig. 1).

Tables Icon

Table 3 Main BAC luminescence peaks in the GBi-fiber: peak designation, excitation and emission wavelengths at T=300 K и 77 K (see Fig. 2).

Tables Icon

Table 4 Main BAC luminescence peaks in the ASBi-fiber: peak designation, excitation and emission wavelengths at T=300 K и 77 K (see Fig. 3).

Tables Icon

Table 5 Main BAC luminescence peaks in the PSBi-fiber: peak designation, excitation and emission wavelengths at T=300 K и 77 K (see Fig. 4).

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