Abstract

Extreme-ultraviolet high-order-harmonic pulses with 1.6·107 photons/pulse at 32.5eV have been separated from multiple harmonic orders by a time-preserving monochromator using a single grating in the off-plane mount. This grating geometry gives minimum temporal broadening and high efficiency. The pulse duration of the monochromatized harmonic pulses has been measured to be in the range 20 to 30 fs when the harmonic process is driven by an intense 30 fs near-infrared pulse. The harmonic photon energy is tunable between 12 and 120 eV. The instrument is used in the monochromatized branch of the Artemis beamline at the Central Laser Facility (UK) for applications in ultrafast electron spectroscopy.

© 2011 OSA

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2011 (1)

W.A. Bryan, F. Frassetto, C.A. Froud, I.C.E. Turcu, R.B. King, C.R. Calvert, G.R.A.J. Nemeth, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, and E. Springate, “Probing single harmonic XUV photon absorption from a laser-driven source by time-resolved atomic ionisation,” submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett. (2011).

2010 (3)

E. Turcu, E. Springate, C. Froud, C. Cacho, J. Collier, W. Bryan, G. Nemeth, J. Marangos, J. Tisch, R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, J. Underwood, I. Procino, W. Newell, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, R. King, J. Alexander, C. Calvert, O. Kelly, J. Greenwood, I. Williams, A. Cavalleri, J. Petersen, N. Dean, S. Dhesi, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, S. Bonora, and M. Roper, “Ultrafast science and development at the Artemis facility,” Proc. SPIE 7469, 746902 (2010).

M. Ito, Y. Kataoka, T. Okamoto, M. Yamashita, and T. Sekikawa, “Spatiotemporal characterization of single-order high harmonic pulses from time-compensated toroidal-grating monochromator,” Opt. Express 18(6), 6071–6078 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto and F. Frassetto, “Time-preserving grating monochromators for ultrafast extreme-ultraviolet pulses,” Appl. Opt. 49(28), 5465–5473 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (5)

L. Poletto, “Tolerances of time-delay-compensated monochromators for extreme-ultraviolet ultrashort pulses,” Appl. Opt. 48(23), 4526–4535 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto and F. Frassetto, “Design of high-resolution grazing-incidence echelle monochromators,” Appl. Opt. 48(28), 5363–5370 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(1), 163–234 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Nisoli and G. Sansone, “New frontiers in attosecond science,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 33(1), 17–59 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, F. Calegari, F. Ferrari, M. Lucchini, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Time-delay compensated monochromator for the spectral selection of extreme-ultraviolet high-order laser harmonics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(12), 123109 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

2006 (4)

2004 (3)

G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and M. Nisoli, “Nonadiabatic quantum path analysis of high-order harmonic generation: role of the carrier-envelope phase on short and long paths,” Phys. Rev. A 70(1), 013411 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Poletto, “Time-compensated grazing-incidence monochromator for extreme-ultraviolet and soft X-ray high-order harmonics,” Appl. Phys. B 78(7-8), 1013–1016 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Mashiko, A. Suda, and K. Midorikawa, “Focusing coherent soft-x-ray radiation to a micrometer spot size with an intensity of 10(14) W/cm2.,” Opt. Lett. 29(16), 1927–1929 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

L. Nugent-Glandorf, M. Scheer, D. A. Samuels, V. Bierbaum, and S. R. Leone, “A laser-based instrument for the study of ultrafast chemical dynamics by soft x-ray-probe photoelectron spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73(4), 1875–1886 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Wieland, R. Frueke, T. Wilhein, C. Spielmann, M. Pohl, and U. Kleineberg, “Submicron extreme ultraviolet imaging using high-harmonic radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(14), 2520–2522 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

L. Poletto and G. Tondello, “Time-compensated extreme-UV and soft x-ray monochromator for ultrashort high-order harmonic pulses,” Pure Appl. Opt. 3(5), 374–379 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, V. Tosa, P. Barbiero, L. Poletto, G. Tondello, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, “Beam divergence of high-order harmonics generated in the few-optical cycle regime,” J. Phys. IV 11(PR2), 351–354 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

1996 (1)

1982 (2)

1981 (1)

1978 (2)

1977 (1)

Alexander, J.

E. Turcu, E. Springate, C. Froud, C. Cacho, J. Collier, W. Bryan, G. Nemeth, J. Marangos, J. Tisch, R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, J. Underwood, I. Procino, W. Newell, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, R. King, J. Alexander, C. Calvert, O. Kelly, J. Greenwood, I. Williams, A. Cavalleri, J. Petersen, N. Dean, S. Dhesi, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, S. Bonora, and M. Roper, “Ultrafast science and development at the Artemis facility,” Proc. SPIE 7469, 746902 (2010).

Altucci, A.

A. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, V. Tosa, P. Barbiero, L. Poletto, G. Tondello, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, “Beam divergence of high-order harmonics generated in the few-optical cycle regime,” J. Phys. IV 11(PR2), 351–354 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Altucci, C.

E. Turcu, E. Springate, C. Froud, C. Cacho, J. Collier, W. Bryan, G. Nemeth, J. Marangos, J. Tisch, R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, J. Underwood, I. Procino, W. Newell, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, R. King, J. Alexander, C. Calvert, O. Kelly, J. Greenwood, I. Williams, A. Cavalleri, J. Petersen, N. Dean, S. Dhesi, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, S. Bonora, and M. Roper, “Ultrafast science and development at the Artemis facility,” Proc. SPIE 7469, 746902 (2010).

Barbiero, P.

A. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, V. Tosa, P. Barbiero, L. Poletto, G. Tondello, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, “Beam divergence of high-order harmonics generated in the few-optical cycle regime,” J. Phys. IV 11(PR2), 351–354 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Benedetti, E.

Bierbaum, V.

L. Nugent-Glandorf, M. Scheer, D. A. Samuels, V. Bierbaum, and S. R. Leone, “A laser-based instrument for the study of ultrafast chemical dynamics by soft x-ray-probe photoelectron spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73(4), 1875–1886 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bonora, S.

E. Turcu, E. Springate, C. Froud, C. Cacho, J. Collier, W. Bryan, G. Nemeth, J. Marangos, J. Tisch, R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, J. Underwood, I. Procino, W. Newell, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, R. King, J. Alexander, C. Calvert, O. Kelly, J. Greenwood, I. Williams, A. Cavalleri, J. Petersen, N. Dean, S. Dhesi, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, S. Bonora, and M. Roper, “Ultrafast science and development at the Artemis facility,” Proc. SPIE 7469, 746902 (2010).

M. Pascolini, S. Bonora, A. Giglia, N. Mahne, S. Nannarone, and L. Poletto, “Gratings in a conical diffraction mounting for an extreme-ultraviolet time-delay-compensated monochromator,” Appl. Opt. 45(14), 3253–3262 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boscolo, A.

Brugnera, L.

E. Turcu, E. Springate, C. Froud, C. Cacho, J. Collier, W. Bryan, G. Nemeth, J. Marangos, J. Tisch, R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, J. Underwood, I. Procino, W. Newell, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, R. King, J. Alexander, C. Calvert, O. Kelly, J. Greenwood, I. Williams, A. Cavalleri, J. Petersen, N. Dean, S. Dhesi, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, S. Bonora, and M. Roper, “Ultrafast science and development at the Artemis facility,” Proc. SPIE 7469, 746902 (2010).

Bruzzese, R.

A. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, V. Tosa, P. Barbiero, L. Poletto, G. Tondello, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, “Beam divergence of high-order harmonics generated in the few-optical cycle regime,” J. Phys. IV 11(PR2), 351–354 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bryan, W.

E. Turcu, E. Springate, C. Froud, C. Cacho, J. Collier, W. Bryan, G. Nemeth, J. Marangos, J. Tisch, R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, J. Underwood, I. Procino, W. Newell, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, R. King, J. Alexander, C. Calvert, O. Kelly, J. Greenwood, I. Williams, A. Cavalleri, J. Petersen, N. Dean, S. Dhesi, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, S. Bonora, and M. Roper, “Ultrafast science and development at the Artemis facility,” Proc. SPIE 7469, 746902 (2010).

Bryan, W. A.

W. A. Bryan, S. L. Stebbings, J. McKenna, E. M. L. English, M. Suresh, J. Wood, B. Srigengan, I. C. E. Turcu, J. M. Smith, E. J. Divall, C. J. Hooker, A. J. Langley, J. L. Collier, I. D. Williams, and W. R. Newell, “Atomic excitation during recollision-free ultrafast multi-electron tunnel ionization,” Nat. Phys. 2(6), 379–383 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bryan, W.A.

W.A. Bryan, F. Frassetto, C.A. Froud, I.C.E. Turcu, R.B. King, C.R. Calvert, G.R.A.J. Nemeth, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, and E. Springate, “Probing single harmonic XUV photon absorption from a laser-driven source by time-resolved atomic ionisation,” submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett. (2011).

Cacho, C.

E. Turcu, E. Springate, C. Froud, C. Cacho, J. Collier, W. Bryan, G. Nemeth, J. Marangos, J. Tisch, R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, J. Underwood, I. Procino, W. Newell, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, R. King, J. Alexander, C. Calvert, O. Kelly, J. Greenwood, I. Williams, A. Cavalleri, J. Petersen, N. Dean, S. Dhesi, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, S. Bonora, and M. Roper, “Ultrafast science and development at the Artemis facility,” Proc. SPIE 7469, 746902 (2010).

Calegari, F.

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, F. Calegari, F. Ferrari, M. Lucchini, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Time-delay compensated monochromator for the spectral selection of extreme-ultraviolet high-order laser harmonics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(12), 123109 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Calvert, C.

E. Turcu, E. Springate, C. Froud, C. Cacho, J. Collier, W. Bryan, G. Nemeth, J. Marangos, J. Tisch, R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, J. Underwood, I. Procino, W. Newell, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, R. King, J. Alexander, C. Calvert, O. Kelly, J. Greenwood, I. Williams, A. Cavalleri, J. Petersen, N. Dean, S. Dhesi, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, S. Bonora, and M. Roper, “Ultrafast science and development at the Artemis facility,” Proc. SPIE 7469, 746902 (2010).

Calvert, C.R.

W.A. Bryan, F. Frassetto, C.A. Froud, I.C.E. Turcu, R.B. King, C.R. Calvert, G.R.A.J. Nemeth, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, and E. Springate, “Probing single harmonic XUV photon absorption from a laser-driven source by time-resolved atomic ionisation,” submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett. (2011).

Cash, W.

Cavalleri, A.

E. Turcu, E. Springate, C. Froud, C. Cacho, J. Collier, W. Bryan, G. Nemeth, J. Marangos, J. Tisch, R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, J. Underwood, I. Procino, W. Newell, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, R. King, J. Alexander, C. Calvert, O. Kelly, J. Greenwood, I. Williams, A. Cavalleri, J. Petersen, N. Dean, S. Dhesi, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, S. Bonora, and M. Roper, “Ultrafast science and development at the Artemis facility,” Proc. SPIE 7469, 746902 (2010).

Cerullo, G.

A. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, V. Tosa, P. Barbiero, L. Poletto, G. Tondello, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, “Beam divergence of high-order harmonics generated in the few-optical cycle regime,” J. Phys. IV 11(PR2), 351–354 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chang, C.-H.

Collier, J.

E. Turcu, E. Springate, C. Froud, C. Cacho, J. Collier, W. Bryan, G. Nemeth, J. Marangos, J. Tisch, R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, J. Underwood, I. Procino, W. Newell, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, R. King, J. Alexander, C. Calvert, O. Kelly, J. Greenwood, I. Williams, A. Cavalleri, J. Petersen, N. Dean, S. Dhesi, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, S. Bonora, and M. Roper, “Ultrafast science and development at the Artemis facility,” Proc. SPIE 7469, 746902 (2010).

Collier, J. L.

W. A. Bryan, S. L. Stebbings, J. McKenna, E. M. L. English, M. Suresh, J. Wood, B. Srigengan, I. C. E. Turcu, J. M. Smith, E. J. Divall, C. J. Hooker, A. J. Langley, J. L. Collier, I. D. Williams, and W. R. Newell, “Atomic excitation during recollision-free ultrafast multi-electron tunnel ionization,” Nat. Phys. 2(6), 379–383 (2006).
[CrossRef]

de Lisio, C.

A. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, V. Tosa, P. Barbiero, L. Poletto, G. Tondello, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, “Beam divergence of high-order harmonics generated in the few-optical cycle regime,” J. Phys. IV 11(PR2), 351–354 (2001).
[CrossRef]

De Silvestri, S.

A. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, V. Tosa, P. Barbiero, L. Poletto, G. Tondello, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, “Beam divergence of high-order harmonics generated in the few-optical cycle regime,” J. Phys. IV 11(PR2), 351–354 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dean, N.

E. Turcu, E. Springate, C. Froud, C. Cacho, J. Collier, W. Bryan, G. Nemeth, J. Marangos, J. Tisch, R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, J. Underwood, I. Procino, W. Newell, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, R. King, J. Alexander, C. Calvert, O. Kelly, J. Greenwood, I. Williams, A. Cavalleri, J. Petersen, N. Dean, S. Dhesi, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, S. Bonora, and M. Roper, “Ultrafast science and development at the Artemis facility,” Proc. SPIE 7469, 746902 (2010).

Dhesi, S.

E. Turcu, E. Springate, C. Froud, C. Cacho, J. Collier, W. Bryan, G. Nemeth, J. Marangos, J. Tisch, R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, J. Underwood, I. Procino, W. Newell, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, R. King, J. Alexander, C. Calvert, O. Kelly, J. Greenwood, I. Williams, A. Cavalleri, J. Petersen, N. Dean, S. Dhesi, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, S. Bonora, and M. Roper, “Ultrafast science and development at the Artemis facility,” Proc. SPIE 7469, 746902 (2010).

Divall, E. J.

W. A. Bryan, S. L. Stebbings, J. McKenna, E. M. L. English, M. Suresh, J. Wood, B. Srigengan, I. C. E. Turcu, J. M. Smith, E. J. Divall, C. J. Hooker, A. J. Langley, J. L. Collier, I. D. Williams, and W. R. Newell, “Atomic excitation during recollision-free ultrafast multi-electron tunnel ionization,” Nat. Phys. 2(6), 379–383 (2006).
[CrossRef]

English, E. M. L.

W. A. Bryan, S. L. Stebbings, J. McKenna, E. M. L. English, M. Suresh, J. Wood, B. Srigengan, I. C. E. Turcu, J. M. Smith, E. J. Divall, C. J. Hooker, A. J. Langley, J. L. Collier, I. D. Williams, and W. R. Newell, “Atomic excitation during recollision-free ultrafast multi-electron tunnel ionization,” Nat. Phys. 2(6), 379–383 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ferrari, F.

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, F. Calegari, F. Ferrari, M. Lucchini, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Time-delay compensated monochromator for the spectral selection of extreme-ultraviolet high-order laser harmonics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(12), 123109 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Intense femtosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses by using a time-delay-compensated monochromator,” Opt. Lett. 32(19), 2897–2899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Flanagan, K. A.

Frassetto, F.

W.A. Bryan, F. Frassetto, C.A. Froud, I.C.E. Turcu, R.B. King, C.R. Calvert, G.R.A.J. Nemeth, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, and E. Springate, “Probing single harmonic XUV photon absorption from a laser-driven source by time-resolved atomic ionisation,” submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett. (2011).

E. Turcu, E. Springate, C. Froud, C. Cacho, J. Collier, W. Bryan, G. Nemeth, J. Marangos, J. Tisch, R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, J. Underwood, I. Procino, W. Newell, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, R. King, J. Alexander, C. Calvert, O. Kelly, J. Greenwood, I. Williams, A. Cavalleri, J. Petersen, N. Dean, S. Dhesi, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, S. Bonora, and M. Roper, “Ultrafast science and development at the Artemis facility,” Proc. SPIE 7469, 746902 (2010).

L. Poletto and F. Frassetto, “Time-preserving grating monochromators for ultrafast extreme-ultraviolet pulses,” Appl. Opt. 49(28), 5465–5473 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto and F. Frassetto, “Design of high-resolution grazing-incidence echelle monochromators,” Appl. Opt. 48(28), 5363–5370 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, F. Calegari, F. Ferrari, M. Lucchini, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Time-delay compensated monochromator for the spectral selection of extreme-ultraviolet high-order laser harmonics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(12), 123109 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Froud, C.

E. Turcu, E. Springate, C. Froud, C. Cacho, J. Collier, W. Bryan, G. Nemeth, J. Marangos, J. Tisch, R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, J. Underwood, I. Procino, W. Newell, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, R. King, J. Alexander, C. Calvert, O. Kelly, J. Greenwood, I. Williams, A. Cavalleri, J. Petersen, N. Dean, S. Dhesi, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, S. Bonora, and M. Roper, “Ultrafast science and development at the Artemis facility,” Proc. SPIE 7469, 746902 (2010).

Froud, C.A.

W.A. Bryan, F. Frassetto, C.A. Froud, I.C.E. Turcu, R.B. King, C.R. Calvert, G.R.A.J. Nemeth, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, and E. Springate, “Probing single harmonic XUV photon absorption from a laser-driven source by time-resolved atomic ionisation,” submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett. (2011).

Frueke, R.

M. Wieland, R. Frueke, T. Wilhein, C. Spielmann, M. Pohl, and U. Kleineberg, “Submicron extreme ultraviolet imaging using high-harmonic radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(14), 2520–2522 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Giglia, A.

Goray, L. I.

Greenwood, J.

E. Turcu, E. Springate, C. Froud, C. Cacho, J. Collier, W. Bryan, G. Nemeth, J. Marangos, J. Tisch, R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, J. Underwood, I. Procino, W. Newell, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, R. King, J. Alexander, C. Calvert, O. Kelly, J. Greenwood, I. Williams, A. Cavalleri, J. Petersen, N. Dean, S. Dhesi, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, S. Bonora, and M. Roper, “Ultrafast science and development at the Artemis facility,” Proc. SPIE 7469, 746902 (2010).

Haraguchi, E.

Heilmann, R. K.

Holland, G. E.

Hooker, C. J.

W. A. Bryan, S. L. Stebbings, J. McKenna, E. M. L. English, M. Suresh, J. Wood, B. Srigengan, I. C. E. Turcu, J. M. Smith, E. J. Divall, C. J. Hooker, A. J. Langley, J. L. Collier, I. D. Williams, and W. R. Newell, “Atomic excitation during recollision-free ultrafast multi-electron tunnel ionization,” Nat. Phys. 2(6), 379–383 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hunter, W. R.

Ito, M.

Ivanov, M.

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(1), 163–234 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kataoka, Y.

Kelly, O.

E. Turcu, E. Springate, C. Froud, C. Cacho, J. Collier, W. Bryan, G. Nemeth, J. Marangos, J. Tisch, R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, J. Underwood, I. Procino, W. Newell, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, R. King, J. Alexander, C. Calvert, O. Kelly, J. Greenwood, I. Williams, A. Cavalleri, J. Petersen, N. Dean, S. Dhesi, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, S. Bonora, and M. Roper, “Ultrafast science and development at the Artemis facility,” Proc. SPIE 7469, 746902 (2010).

King, R.

E. Turcu, E. Springate, C. Froud, C. Cacho, J. Collier, W. Bryan, G. Nemeth, J. Marangos, J. Tisch, R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, J. Underwood, I. Procino, W. Newell, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, R. King, J. Alexander, C. Calvert, O. Kelly, J. Greenwood, I. Williams, A. Cavalleri, J. Petersen, N. Dean, S. Dhesi, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, S. Bonora, and M. Roper, “Ultrafast science and development at the Artemis facility,” Proc. SPIE 7469, 746902 (2010).

King, R.B.

W.A. Bryan, F. Frassetto, C.A. Froud, I.C.E. Turcu, R.B. King, C.R. Calvert, G.R.A.J. Nemeth, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, and E. Springate, “Probing single harmonic XUV photon absorption from a laser-driven source by time-resolved atomic ionisation,” submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett. (2011).

Kjornrattanawanich, B.

Kleineberg, U.

M. Wieland, R. Frueke, T. Wilhein, C. Spielmann, M. Pohl, and U. Kleineberg, “Submicron extreme ultraviolet imaging using high-harmonic radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(14), 2520–2522 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, Y.

Kohnert, R.

Kondo, K.

Krausz, F.

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(1), 163–234 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Laming, J. M.

Langley, A. J.

W. A. Bryan, S. L. Stebbings, J. McKenna, E. M. L. English, M. Suresh, J. Wood, B. Srigengan, I. C. E. Turcu, J. M. Smith, E. J. Divall, C. J. Hooker, A. J. Langley, J. L. Collier, I. D. Williams, and W. R. Newell, “Atomic excitation during recollision-free ultrafast multi-electron tunnel ionization,” Nat. Phys. 2(6), 379–383 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Leone, S. R.

L. Nugent-Glandorf, M. Scheer, D. A. Samuels, V. Bierbaum, and S. R. Leone, “A laser-based instrument for the study of ultrafast chemical dynamics by soft x-ray-probe photoelectron spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73(4), 1875–1886 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lucchini, M.

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, F. Calegari, F. Ferrari, M. Lucchini, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Time-delay compensated monochromator for the spectral selection of extreme-ultraviolet high-order laser harmonics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(12), 123109 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mahne, N.

Marangos, J.

E. Turcu, E. Springate, C. Froud, C. Cacho, J. Collier, W. Bryan, G. Nemeth, J. Marangos, J. Tisch, R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, J. Underwood, I. Procino, W. Newell, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, R. King, J. Alexander, C. Calvert, O. Kelly, J. Greenwood, I. Williams, A. Cavalleri, J. Petersen, N. Dean, S. Dhesi, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, S. Bonora, and M. Roper, “Ultrafast science and development at the Artemis facility,” Proc. SPIE 7469, 746902 (2010).

Mashiko, H.

Maystre, D.

McKenna, J.

W. A. Bryan, S. L. Stebbings, J. McKenna, E. M. L. English, M. Suresh, J. Wood, B. Srigengan, I. C. E. Turcu, J. M. Smith, E. J. Divall, C. J. Hooker, A. J. Langley, J. L. Collier, I. D. Williams, and W. R. Newell, “Atomic excitation during recollision-free ultrafast multi-electron tunnel ionization,” Nat. Phys. 2(6), 379–383 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Midorikawa, K.

Nabekawa, Y.

Nakajima, T.

Nannarone, S.

Nemeth, G.

E. Turcu, E. Springate, C. Froud, C. Cacho, J. Collier, W. Bryan, G. Nemeth, J. Marangos, J. Tisch, R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, J. Underwood, I. Procino, W. Newell, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, R. King, J. Alexander, C. Calvert, O. Kelly, J. Greenwood, I. Williams, A. Cavalleri, J. Petersen, N. Dean, S. Dhesi, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, S. Bonora, and M. Roper, “Ultrafast science and development at the Artemis facility,” Proc. SPIE 7469, 746902 (2010).

Nemeth, G.R.A.J.

W.A. Bryan, F. Frassetto, C.A. Froud, I.C.E. Turcu, R.B. King, C.R. Calvert, G.R.A.J. Nemeth, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, and E. Springate, “Probing single harmonic XUV photon absorption from a laser-driven source by time-resolved atomic ionisation,” submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett. (2011).

Neviere, M.

Newell, W.

E. Turcu, E. Springate, C. Froud, C. Cacho, J. Collier, W. Bryan, G. Nemeth, J. Marangos, J. Tisch, R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, J. Underwood, I. Procino, W. Newell, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, R. King, J. Alexander, C. Calvert, O. Kelly, J. Greenwood, I. Williams, A. Cavalleri, J. Petersen, N. Dean, S. Dhesi, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, S. Bonora, and M. Roper, “Ultrafast science and development at the Artemis facility,” Proc. SPIE 7469, 746902 (2010).

Newell, W. R.

W. A. Bryan, S. L. Stebbings, J. McKenna, E. M. L. English, M. Suresh, J. Wood, B. Srigengan, I. C. E. Turcu, J. M. Smith, E. J. Divall, C. J. Hooker, A. J. Langley, J. L. Collier, I. D. Williams, and W. R. Newell, “Atomic excitation during recollision-free ultrafast multi-electron tunnel ionization,” Nat. Phys. 2(6), 379–383 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nisoli, M.

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, F. Calegari, F. Ferrari, M. Lucchini, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Time-delay compensated monochromator for the spectral selection of extreme-ultraviolet high-order laser harmonics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(12), 123109 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli and G. Sansone, “New frontiers in attosecond science,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 33(1), 17–59 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Intense femtosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses by using a time-delay-compensated monochromator,” Opt. Lett. 32(19), 2897–2899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and M. Nisoli, “Nonadiabatic quantum path analysis of high-order harmonic generation: role of the carrier-envelope phase on short and long paths,” Phys. Rev. A 70(1), 013411 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, V. Tosa, P. Barbiero, L. Poletto, G. Tondello, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, “Beam divergence of high-order harmonics generated in the few-optical cycle regime,” J. Phys. IV 11(PR2), 351–354 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nugent-Glandorf, L.

L. Nugent-Glandorf, M. Scheer, D. A. Samuels, V. Bierbaum, and S. R. Leone, “A laser-based instrument for the study of ultrafast chemical dynamics by soft x-ray-probe photoelectron spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73(4), 1875–1886 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, T.

Pascolini, M.

Petersen, J.

E. Turcu, E. Springate, C. Froud, C. Cacho, J. Collier, W. Bryan, G. Nemeth, J. Marangos, J. Tisch, R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, J. Underwood, I. Procino, W. Newell, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, R. King, J. Alexander, C. Calvert, O. Kelly, J. Greenwood, I. Williams, A. Cavalleri, J. Petersen, N. Dean, S. Dhesi, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, S. Bonora, and M. Roper, “Ultrafast science and development at the Artemis facility,” Proc. SPIE 7469, 746902 (2010).

Pohl, M.

M. Wieland, R. Frueke, T. Wilhein, C. Spielmann, M. Pohl, and U. Kleineberg, “Submicron extreme ultraviolet imaging using high-harmonic radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(14), 2520–2522 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Poletto, L.

W.A. Bryan, F. Frassetto, C.A. Froud, I.C.E. Turcu, R.B. King, C.R. Calvert, G.R.A.J. Nemeth, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, and E. Springate, “Probing single harmonic XUV photon absorption from a laser-driven source by time-resolved atomic ionisation,” submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett. (2011).

E. Turcu, E. Springate, C. Froud, C. Cacho, J. Collier, W. Bryan, G. Nemeth, J. Marangos, J. Tisch, R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, J. Underwood, I. Procino, W. Newell, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, R. King, J. Alexander, C. Calvert, O. Kelly, J. Greenwood, I. Williams, A. Cavalleri, J. Petersen, N. Dean, S. Dhesi, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, S. Bonora, and M. Roper, “Ultrafast science and development at the Artemis facility,” Proc. SPIE 7469, 746902 (2010).

L. Poletto and F. Frassetto, “Time-preserving grating monochromators for ultrafast extreme-ultraviolet pulses,” Appl. Opt. 49(28), 5465–5473 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto, “Tolerances of time-delay-compensated monochromators for extreme-ultraviolet ultrashort pulses,” Appl. Opt. 48(23), 4526–4535 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto and F. Frassetto, “Design of high-resolution grazing-incidence echelle monochromators,” Appl. Opt. 48(28), 5363–5370 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, F. Calegari, F. Ferrari, M. Lucchini, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Time-delay compensated monochromator for the spectral selection of extreme-ultraviolet high-order laser harmonics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(12), 123109 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Intense femtosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses by using a time-delay-compensated monochromator,” Opt. Lett. 32(19), 2897–2899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pascolini, S. Bonora, A. Giglia, N. Mahne, S. Nannarone, and L. Poletto, “Gratings in a conical diffraction mounting for an extreme-ultraviolet time-delay-compensated monochromator,” Appl. Opt. 45(14), 3253–3262 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto and P. Villoresi, “Time-delay compensated monochromator in the off-plane mount for extreme-ultraviolet ultrashort pulses,” Appl. Opt. 45(34), 8577–8585 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto, “Time-compensated grazing-incidence monochromator for extreme-ultraviolet and soft X-ray high-order harmonics,” Appl. Phys. B 78(7-8), 1013–1016 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Poletto and G. Tondello, “Time-compensated extreme-UV and soft x-ray monochromator for ultrashort high-order harmonic pulses,” Pure Appl. Opt. 3(5), 374–379 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, V. Tosa, P. Barbiero, L. Poletto, G. Tondello, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, “Beam divergence of high-order harmonics generated in the few-optical cycle regime,” J. Phys. IV 11(PR2), 351–354 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Poletto, A. Boscolo, and G. Tondello, “Characterization of a charge-coupled-device detector in the 1100-0.14-nm (1-eV to 9-keV) spectral region,” Appl. Opt. 38(1), 29–36 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Procino, I.

E. Turcu, E. Springate, C. Froud, C. Cacho, J. Collier, W. Bryan, G. Nemeth, J. Marangos, J. Tisch, R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, J. Underwood, I. Procino, W. Newell, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, R. King, J. Alexander, C. Calvert, O. Kelly, J. Greenwood, I. Williams, A. Cavalleri, J. Petersen, N. Dean, S. Dhesi, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, S. Bonora, and M. Roper, “Ultrafast science and development at the Artemis facility,” Proc. SPIE 7469, 746902 (2010).

Rasmussen, A. P.

Roper, M.

E. Turcu, E. Springate, C. Froud, C. Cacho, J. Collier, W. Bryan, G. Nemeth, J. Marangos, J. Tisch, R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, J. Underwood, I. Procino, W. Newell, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, R. King, J. Alexander, C. Calvert, O. Kelly, J. Greenwood, I. Williams, A. Cavalleri, J. Petersen, N. Dean, S. Dhesi, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, S. Bonora, and M. Roper, “Ultrafast science and development at the Artemis facility,” Proc. SPIE 7469, 746902 (2010).

Samuels, D. A.

L. Nugent-Glandorf, M. Scheer, D. A. Samuels, V. Bierbaum, and S. R. Leone, “A laser-based instrument for the study of ultrafast chemical dynamics by soft x-ray-probe photoelectron spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73(4), 1875–1886 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sansone, G.

M. Nisoli and G. Sansone, “New frontiers in attosecond science,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 33(1), 17–59 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, F. Calegari, F. Ferrari, M. Lucchini, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Time-delay compensated monochromator for the spectral selection of extreme-ultraviolet high-order laser harmonics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(12), 123109 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Intense femtosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses by using a time-delay-compensated monochromator,” Opt. Lett. 32(19), 2897–2899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and M. Nisoli, “Nonadiabatic quantum path analysis of high-order harmonic generation: role of the carrier-envelope phase on short and long paths,” Phys. Rev. A 70(1), 013411 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schattenburg, M. L.

Scheer, M.

L. Nugent-Glandorf, M. Scheer, D. A. Samuels, V. Bierbaum, and S. R. Leone, “A laser-based instrument for the study of ultrafast chemical dynamics by soft x-ray-probe photoelectron spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73(4), 1875–1886 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Seely, J. F.

Sekikawa, T.

Siegel, T.

E. Turcu, E. Springate, C. Froud, C. Cacho, J. Collier, W. Bryan, G. Nemeth, J. Marangos, J. Tisch, R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, J. Underwood, I. Procino, W. Newell, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, R. King, J. Alexander, C. Calvert, O. Kelly, J. Greenwood, I. Williams, A. Cavalleri, J. Petersen, N. Dean, S. Dhesi, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, S. Bonora, and M. Roper, “Ultrafast science and development at the Artemis facility,” Proc. SPIE 7469, 746902 (2010).

Smith, J. M.

W. A. Bryan, S. L. Stebbings, J. McKenna, E. M. L. English, M. Suresh, J. Wood, B. Srigengan, I. C. E. Turcu, J. M. Smith, E. J. Divall, C. J. Hooker, A. J. Langley, J. L. Collier, I. D. Williams, and W. R. Newell, “Atomic excitation during recollision-free ultrafast multi-electron tunnel ionization,” Nat. Phys. 2(6), 379–383 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Spielmann, C.

M. Wieland, R. Frueke, T. Wilhein, C. Spielmann, M. Pohl, and U. Kleineberg, “Submicron extreme ultraviolet imaging using high-harmonic radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(14), 2520–2522 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Springate, E.

W.A. Bryan, F. Frassetto, C.A. Froud, I.C.E. Turcu, R.B. King, C.R. Calvert, G.R.A.J. Nemeth, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, and E. Springate, “Probing single harmonic XUV photon absorption from a laser-driven source by time-resolved atomic ionisation,” submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett. (2011).

E. Turcu, E. Springate, C. Froud, C. Cacho, J. Collier, W. Bryan, G. Nemeth, J. Marangos, J. Tisch, R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, J. Underwood, I. Procino, W. Newell, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, R. King, J. Alexander, C. Calvert, O. Kelly, J. Greenwood, I. Williams, A. Cavalleri, J. Petersen, N. Dean, S. Dhesi, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, S. Bonora, and M. Roper, “Ultrafast science and development at the Artemis facility,” Proc. SPIE 7469, 746902 (2010).

Srigengan, B.

W. A. Bryan, S. L. Stebbings, J. McKenna, E. M. L. English, M. Suresh, J. Wood, B. Srigengan, I. C. E. Turcu, J. M. Smith, E. J. Divall, C. J. Hooker, A. J. Langley, J. L. Collier, I. D. Williams, and W. R. Newell, “Atomic excitation during recollision-free ultrafast multi-electron tunnel ionization,” Nat. Phys. 2(6), 379–383 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Stagira, S.

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Intense femtosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses by using a time-delay-compensated monochromator,” Opt. Lett. 32(19), 2897–2899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and M. Nisoli, “Nonadiabatic quantum path analysis of high-order harmonic generation: role of the carrier-envelope phase on short and long paths,” Phys. Rev. A 70(1), 013411 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, V. Tosa, P. Barbiero, L. Poletto, G. Tondello, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, “Beam divergence of high-order harmonics generated in the few-optical cycle regime,” J. Phys. IV 11(PR2), 351–354 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Stebbings, S. L.

W. A. Bryan, S. L. Stebbings, J. McKenna, E. M. L. English, M. Suresh, J. Wood, B. Srigengan, I. C. E. Turcu, J. M. Smith, E. J. Divall, C. J. Hooker, A. J. Langley, J. L. Collier, I. D. Williams, and W. R. Newell, “Atomic excitation during recollision-free ultrafast multi-electron tunnel ionization,” Nat. Phys. 2(6), 379–383 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Suda, A.

Suresh, M.

W. A. Bryan, S. L. Stebbings, J. McKenna, E. M. L. English, M. Suresh, J. Wood, B. Srigengan, I. C. E. Turcu, J. M. Smith, E. J. Divall, C. J. Hooker, A. J. Langley, J. L. Collier, I. D. Williams, and W. R. Newell, “Atomic excitation during recollision-free ultrafast multi-electron tunnel ionization,” Nat. Phys. 2(6), 379–383 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Svelto, O.

A. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, V. Tosa, P. Barbiero, L. Poletto, G. Tondello, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, “Beam divergence of high-order harmonics generated in the few-optical cycle regime,” J. Phys. IV 11(PR2), 351–354 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tisch, J.

E. Turcu, E. Springate, C. Froud, C. Cacho, J. Collier, W. Bryan, G. Nemeth, J. Marangos, J. Tisch, R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, J. Underwood, I. Procino, W. Newell, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, R. King, J. Alexander, C. Calvert, O. Kelly, J. Greenwood, I. Williams, A. Cavalleri, J. Petersen, N. Dean, S. Dhesi, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, S. Bonora, and M. Roper, “Ultrafast science and development at the Artemis facility,” Proc. SPIE 7469, 746902 (2010).

Tondello, G.

L. Poletto and G. Tondello, “Time-compensated extreme-UV and soft x-ray monochromator for ultrashort high-order harmonic pulses,” Pure Appl. Opt. 3(5), 374–379 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, V. Tosa, P. Barbiero, L. Poletto, G. Tondello, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, “Beam divergence of high-order harmonics generated in the few-optical cycle regime,” J. Phys. IV 11(PR2), 351–354 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Poletto, A. Boscolo, and G. Tondello, “Characterization of a charge-coupled-device detector in the 1100-0.14-nm (1-eV to 9-keV) spectral region,” Appl. Opt. 38(1), 29–36 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Torres, R.

E. Turcu, E. Springate, C. Froud, C. Cacho, J. Collier, W. Bryan, G. Nemeth, J. Marangos, J. Tisch, R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, J. Underwood, I. Procino, W. Newell, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, R. King, J. Alexander, C. Calvert, O. Kelly, J. Greenwood, I. Williams, A. Cavalleri, J. Petersen, N. Dean, S. Dhesi, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, S. Bonora, and M. Roper, “Ultrafast science and development at the Artemis facility,” Proc. SPIE 7469, 746902 (2010).

Tosa, V.

A. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, V. Tosa, P. Barbiero, L. Poletto, G. Tondello, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, “Beam divergence of high-order harmonics generated in the few-optical cycle regime,” J. Phys. IV 11(PR2), 351–354 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Turcu, E.

E. Turcu, E. Springate, C. Froud, C. Cacho, J. Collier, W. Bryan, G. Nemeth, J. Marangos, J. Tisch, R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, J. Underwood, I. Procino, W. Newell, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, R. King, J. Alexander, C. Calvert, O. Kelly, J. Greenwood, I. Williams, A. Cavalleri, J. Petersen, N. Dean, S. Dhesi, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, S. Bonora, and M. Roper, “Ultrafast science and development at the Artemis facility,” Proc. SPIE 7469, 746902 (2010).

Turcu, I. C. E.

W. A. Bryan, S. L. Stebbings, J. McKenna, E. M. L. English, M. Suresh, J. Wood, B. Srigengan, I. C. E. Turcu, J. M. Smith, E. J. Divall, C. J. Hooker, A. J. Langley, J. L. Collier, I. D. Williams, and W. R. Newell, “Atomic excitation during recollision-free ultrafast multi-electron tunnel ionization,” Nat. Phys. 2(6), 379–383 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Turcu, I.C.E.

W.A. Bryan, F. Frassetto, C.A. Froud, I.C.E. Turcu, R.B. King, C.R. Calvert, G.R.A.J. Nemeth, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, and E. Springate, “Probing single harmonic XUV photon absorption from a laser-driven source by time-resolved atomic ionisation,” submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett. (2011).

Underwood, J.

E. Turcu, E. Springate, C. Froud, C. Cacho, J. Collier, W. Bryan, G. Nemeth, J. Marangos, J. Tisch, R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, J. Underwood, I. Procino, W. Newell, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, R. King, J. Alexander, C. Calvert, O. Kelly, J. Greenwood, I. Williams, A. Cavalleri, J. Petersen, N. Dean, S. Dhesi, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, S. Bonora, and M. Roper, “Ultrafast science and development at the Artemis facility,” Proc. SPIE 7469, 746902 (2010).

Velotta, R.

E. Turcu, E. Springate, C. Froud, C. Cacho, J. Collier, W. Bryan, G. Nemeth, J. Marangos, J. Tisch, R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, J. Underwood, I. Procino, W. Newell, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, R. King, J. Alexander, C. Calvert, O. Kelly, J. Greenwood, I. Williams, A. Cavalleri, J. Petersen, N. Dean, S. Dhesi, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, S. Bonora, and M. Roper, “Ultrafast science and development at the Artemis facility,” Proc. SPIE 7469, 746902 (2010).

Villoresi, P.

W.A. Bryan, F. Frassetto, C.A. Froud, I.C.E. Turcu, R.B. King, C.R. Calvert, G.R.A.J. Nemeth, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, and E. Springate, “Probing single harmonic XUV photon absorption from a laser-driven source by time-resolved atomic ionisation,” submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett. (2011).

E. Turcu, E. Springate, C. Froud, C. Cacho, J. Collier, W. Bryan, G. Nemeth, J. Marangos, J. Tisch, R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, J. Underwood, I. Procino, W. Newell, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, R. King, J. Alexander, C. Calvert, O. Kelly, J. Greenwood, I. Williams, A. Cavalleri, J. Petersen, N. Dean, S. Dhesi, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, S. Bonora, and M. Roper, “Ultrafast science and development at the Artemis facility,” Proc. SPIE 7469, 746902 (2010).

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, F. Calegari, F. Ferrari, M. Lucchini, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Time-delay compensated monochromator for the spectral selection of extreme-ultraviolet high-order laser harmonics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(12), 123109 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Intense femtosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses by using a time-delay-compensated monochromator,” Opt. Lett. 32(19), 2897–2899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto and P. Villoresi, “Time-delay compensated monochromator in the off-plane mount for extreme-ultraviolet ultrashort pulses,” Appl. Opt. 45(34), 8577–8585 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, V. Tosa, P. Barbiero, L. Poletto, G. Tondello, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, “Beam divergence of high-order harmonics generated in the few-optical cycle regime,” J. Phys. IV 11(PR2), 351–354 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Villoresi, “Compensation of optical path lengths in extreme-ultraviolet and soft-x-ray monochromators for ultrafast pulses,” Appl. Opt. 38(28), 6040–6049 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vincent, P.

Visser, H.

Vozzi, C.

G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and M. Nisoli, “Nonadiabatic quantum path analysis of high-order harmonic generation: role of the carrier-envelope phase on short and long paths,” Phys. Rev. A 70(1), 013411 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, S.

Werner, W.

Wieland, M.

M. Wieland, R. Frueke, T. Wilhein, C. Spielmann, M. Pohl, and U. Kleineberg, “Submicron extreme ultraviolet imaging using high-harmonic radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(14), 2520–2522 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wilhein, T.

M. Wieland, R. Frueke, T. Wilhein, C. Spielmann, M. Pohl, and U. Kleineberg, “Submicron extreme ultraviolet imaging using high-harmonic radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(14), 2520–2522 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Williams, I.

E. Turcu, E. Springate, C. Froud, C. Cacho, J. Collier, W. Bryan, G. Nemeth, J. Marangos, J. Tisch, R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, J. Underwood, I. Procino, W. Newell, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, R. King, J. Alexander, C. Calvert, O. Kelly, J. Greenwood, I. Williams, A. Cavalleri, J. Petersen, N. Dean, S. Dhesi, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, S. Bonora, and M. Roper, “Ultrafast science and development at the Artemis facility,” Proc. SPIE 7469, 746902 (2010).

Williams, I. D.

W. A. Bryan, S. L. Stebbings, J. McKenna, E. M. L. English, M. Suresh, J. Wood, B. Srigengan, I. C. E. Turcu, J. M. Smith, E. J. Divall, C. J. Hooker, A. J. Langley, J. L. Collier, I. D. Williams, and W. R. Newell, “Atomic excitation during recollision-free ultrafast multi-electron tunnel ionization,” Nat. Phys. 2(6), 379–383 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wood, J.

W. A. Bryan, S. L. Stebbings, J. McKenna, E. M. L. English, M. Suresh, J. Wood, B. Srigengan, I. C. E. Turcu, J. M. Smith, E. J. Divall, C. J. Hooker, A. J. Langley, J. L. Collier, I. D. Williams, and W. R. Newell, “Atomic excitation during recollision-free ultrafast multi-electron tunnel ionization,” Nat. Phys. 2(6), 379–383 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, M.

Yoshihara, O.

Appl. Opt. (13)

W. Werner, “X-ray efficiencies of blazed gratings in extreme off-plane mountings,” Appl. Opt. 16(8), 2078–2080 (1977).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Neviere, P. Vincent, and D. Maystre, “X-ray efficiencies of gratings,” Appl. Opt. 17(6), 843–845 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Werner and H. Visser, “X-ray monochromator designs based on extreme off-plane grating mountings,” Appl. Opt. 20(3), 487–492 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Cash and R. Kohnert, “Very high x-ray efficiency from a blazed grating,” Appl. Opt. 21(1), 17–18 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Cash, “Echelle spectrographs at grazing incidence,” Appl. Opt. 21(4), 710–717 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto, A. Boscolo, and G. Tondello, “Characterization of a charge-coupled-device detector in the 1100-0.14-nm (1-eV to 9-keV) spectral region,” Appl. Opt. 38(1), 29–36 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Villoresi, “Compensation of optical path lengths in extreme-ultraviolet and soft-x-ray monochromators for ultrafast pulses,” Appl. Opt. 38(28), 6040–6049 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. Seely, L. I. Goray, B. Kjornrattanawanich, J. M. Laming, G. E. Holland, K. A. Flanagan, R. K. Heilmann, C.-H. Chang, M. L. Schattenburg, and A. P. Rasmussen, “Efficiency of a grazing-incidence off-plane grating in the soft-x-ray region,” Appl. Opt. 45(8), 1680–1687 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pascolini, S. Bonora, A. Giglia, N. Mahne, S. Nannarone, and L. Poletto, “Gratings in a conical diffraction mounting for an extreme-ultraviolet time-delay-compensated monochromator,” Appl. Opt. 45(14), 3253–3262 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto and P. Villoresi, “Time-delay compensated monochromator in the off-plane mount for extreme-ultraviolet ultrashort pulses,” Appl. Opt. 45(34), 8577–8585 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto, “Tolerances of time-delay-compensated monochromators for extreme-ultraviolet ultrashort pulses,” Appl. Opt. 48(23), 4526–4535 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto and F. Frassetto, “Design of high-resolution grazing-incidence echelle monochromators,” Appl. Opt. 48(28), 5363–5370 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Poletto and F. Frassetto, “Time-preserving grating monochromators for ultrafast extreme-ultraviolet pulses,” Appl. Opt. 49(28), 5465–5473 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

L. Poletto, “Time-compensated grazing-incidence monochromator for extreme-ultraviolet and soft X-ray high-order harmonics,” Appl. Phys. B 78(7-8), 1013–1016 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Wieland, R. Frueke, T. Wilhein, C. Spielmann, M. Pohl, and U. Kleineberg, “Submicron extreme ultraviolet imaging using high-harmonic radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(14), 2520–2522 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Phys. IV (1)

A. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, V. Tosa, P. Barbiero, L. Poletto, G. Tondello, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, “Beam divergence of high-order harmonics generated in the few-optical cycle regime,” J. Phys. IV 11(PR2), 351–354 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (1)

W. A. Bryan, S. L. Stebbings, J. McKenna, E. M. L. English, M. Suresh, J. Wood, B. Srigengan, I. C. E. Turcu, J. M. Smith, E. J. Divall, C. J. Hooker, A. J. Langley, J. L. Collier, I. D. Williams, and W. R. Newell, “Atomic excitation during recollision-free ultrafast multi-electron tunnel ionization,” Nat. Phys. 2(6), 379–383 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and M. Nisoli, “Nonadiabatic quantum path analysis of high-order harmonic generation: role of the carrier-envelope phase on short and long paths,” Phys. Rev. A 70(1), 013411 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

W.A. Bryan, F. Frassetto, C.A. Froud, I.C.E. Turcu, R.B. King, C.R. Calvert, G.R.A.J. Nemeth, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, and E. Springate, “Probing single harmonic XUV photon absorption from a laser-driven source by time-resolved atomic ionisation,” submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett. (2011).

Proc. SPIE (1)

E. Turcu, E. Springate, C. Froud, C. Cacho, J. Collier, W. Bryan, G. Nemeth, J. Marangos, J. Tisch, R. Torres, T. Siegel, L. Brugnera, J. Underwood, I. Procino, W. Newell, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, R. King, J. Alexander, C. Calvert, O. Kelly, J. Greenwood, I. Williams, A. Cavalleri, J. Petersen, N. Dean, S. Dhesi, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, S. Bonora, and M. Roper, “Ultrafast science and development at the Artemis facility,” Proc. SPIE 7469, 746902 (2010).

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Nisoli and G. Sansone, “New frontiers in attosecond science,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 33(1), 17–59 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

L. Poletto and G. Tondello, “Time-compensated extreme-UV and soft x-ray monochromator for ultrashort high-order harmonic pulses,” Pure Appl. Opt. 3(5), 374–379 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(1), 163–234 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (2)

L. Nugent-Glandorf, M. Scheer, D. A. Samuels, V. Bierbaum, and S. R. Leone, “A laser-based instrument for the study of ultrafast chemical dynamics by soft x-ray-probe photoelectron spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73(4), 1875–1886 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, F. Calegari, F. Ferrari, M. Lucchini, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Time-delay compensated monochromator for the spectral selection of extreme-ultraviolet high-order laser harmonics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(12), 123109 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (5)

C. A. Froud, S. Bonora, E. Springate, A. J. Langley, D. S. Wolff, S. P. Blake, P. A. Brummitt, A. Cavalleri, S. S. Dhesi, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, J. P. Marangos, J. W. G. Tisch, E. A. Seddon, G. J. Hirst, J. Underwood, H. H. Fielding, M. McCoustra, I. C. E. Turcu, and J. L. Collier, “Artemis: a sub 10-fs XUV source for ultrafast time-resolved science,” Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Central Laser Facility Annual Report 2006–2007, 173–175 (2007).

R. Petit, Electromagnetic Theory of Grating (Springer-Verlag, 1980).

S. A. Akhmanov, V. A. Vysloukh, and A. S. Chirkin, Optics of Femtosecond Laser Pulses (American Institute of Physics, 1992).

P. Jaegle, Coherent Sources of XUV Radiation (Springer, 2006).

T. Brabec and H. Kapteyn, Strong Field Laser Physics (Springer, 2008).

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the ARTEMIS facility.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

a) Geometry of the off-plane mount. Incident light arrives along a cone of half-angle γ at an azimuthal angle α. The first diffraction order leaves on a cone of the same half-angle at an azimuthal angle β. b) Blaze condition of maximum efficiency where δ is the blaze angle.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic of a monochromator with plane gratings in the off-plane mount and three optical elements: TM1 indicates the first collimating mirror, G the grating, TM2 the second focusing mirror, p is the entrance arm, i.e. the distance between the source and the centre of TM1, q the exit arm, i.e. the distance between the centre of TM2 and the slit, ΔS the width of the slit.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Artemis monochromator as (a) schematic and (b) as a photograph with optical elements annotated.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Time response of the monochromator for a beam aperture of 6 mrad × 6 mrad, calculated as the half-width spread of the optical paths at the output slit.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

a) Calibration spectra with the 500 gr/mm grating (G4) and the hollow-cathode lamp with He and Ne gases. b) Monochromator efficiency, defined as the ratio between the radiation diffracted at first order and measured at the output and the radiation at the same wavelength measured at the input.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

HH spectrum in argon, 1-mJ 30-fs IR laser pulses, grating G3. The peaks identified with dots at low energy are second diffraction orders.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Experimental set-up for measuring the duration of monochromatized XUV pulses. BS is the beamsplitter, J1 the argon gas jet to generate HHs, TM1-G-TM2 the optics inside the monochromator (see Fig. 3), TM3 the refocusing toroidal mirror, DL the delay line, HM the recombination mirror, J2 the krypton gas jet, Ion ToF the ion time-of-flight spectrometer.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Measured Kr+ yield as a function of the temporal overlap between zero-order (IR + XUV) pump and IR probe, showing interference fringes between the two IR pulses. The asymmetry in the Kr+ yield is a consequence of the XUV also transmitted in the zero-order.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Yield of Kr2+ with H23 (35.7 eV) pump and 800 nm probe as a function of the delay between the two pulses.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Parameters of the ARTEMIS monochromator.

Metrics