Abstract

The generation and characterization of narrowband THz pulses by means of chirped pulse difference frequency generation in Auston-switch type photoconductive antennas is reported. Using optical pulses with energies in the range from 1 nJ to 1µJ, we generate THz pulses with up to 50 pJ in energy and electric field strengths on the order of 1 kV/cm. Two emitter concepts are investigated and circumvention of the fast saturation for small area excitation by scaling of the THz emitter is demonstrated.

© 2011 OSA

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  3. J. R. Danielson, A. D. Jameson, J. L. Tomaino, H. Hui, J. D. Wetzel, Y.-S. Lee, and K. L. Vodopyanov, “Intense narrow band terahertz generation via type-II difference-frequency generation in ZnTe using chirped optical pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(3), 033111 (2008).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. W. C. Hurlbut, B. J. Norton, N. Amer, and Y.-S. Lee, “Manipulation of terahertz waveforms in nonlinear optical crystals by shaped optical pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(1), 90–93 (2006).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

S. Preu, G. H. Döhler, S. Malzer, L. J. Wang, and A. C. Gossard, “Tunable, continuous-wave Terahertz photomixer sources and applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(6), 061301 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

2009 (4)

2008 (2)

J. R. Danielson, A. D. Jameson, J. L. Tomaino, H. Hui, J. D. Wetzel, Y.-S. Lee, and K. L. Vodopyanov, “Intense narrow band terahertz generation via type-II difference-frequency generation in ZnTe using chirped optical pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(3), 033111 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Winnerl, F. Peter, S. Nitsche, A. Dreyhaupt, B. Zimmermann, M. Wagner, H. Schneider, M. Helm, and K. Köhler, “Generation and detection of THz radiation with scalable antennas based on GaAs substrates with different carrier lifetimes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(2), 449–457 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

A. Dreyhaupt, S. Winnerl, T. Dekorsy, and M. Helm, “High-intensity terahertz radiation from a microstructured large-area photoconductor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(12), 121114 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

2003 (2)

Y.-S. Lee, N. Amer, and W. C. Hurlbut, “Terahertz pulse shaping via optical rectification in poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(2), 170–172 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Ahn, A. V. Efimov, R. D. Averitt, and A. J. Taylor, “Terahertz waveform synthesis via optical rectification of shaped ultrafast laser pulses,” Opt. Express 11(20), 2486–2496 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

J. Y. Sohn, Y. H. Ahn, D. J. Park, E. Oh, and D. S. Kim, “Tunable terahertz generation using femtosecond pulse shaping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(1), 13–15 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

Y.-S. Lee, T. Meade, T. B. Norris, and A. Galvanauskas, “Tunable narrow-band terahertz generation from periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(23), 3583–3585 (2001).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

Z. G. Lu, P. Campbell, and X.-C. Zhang, “Free-space electro-optic sampling with a high-repetition-rate regenerative amplified laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(5), 593–595 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (2)

A. S. Weling and D. H. Auston, “Novel sources and detectors for coherent tunable narrow-band terahertz radiation in free space,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13(12), 2783–2791 (1996).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, S.-G. Park, and A. M. Weiner, “Terahertz waveform synthesis via optical pulse shaping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 709–719 (1996).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

A. S. Weling, B. B. Hu, N. M. Froberg, and D. H. Auston, “Generation of tunable narrow-band THz radiation from large aperture photoconducting antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(2), 137–139 (1994).
[Crossref]

Ahn, J.

Ahn, Y. H.

J. Y. Sohn, Y. H. Ahn, D. J. Park, E. Oh, and D. S. Kim, “Tunable terahertz generation using femtosecond pulse shaping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(1), 13–15 (2002).
[Crossref]

Amer, N.

W. C. Hurlbut, B. J. Norton, N. Amer, and Y.-S. Lee, “Manipulation of terahertz waveforms in nonlinear optical crystals by shaped optical pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(1), 90–93 (2006).
[Crossref]

Y.-S. Lee, N. Amer, and W. C. Hurlbut, “Terahertz pulse shaping via optical rectification in poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(2), 170–172 (2003).
[Crossref]

Auston, D. H.

A. S. Weling and D. H. Auston, “Novel sources and detectors for coherent tunable narrow-band terahertz radiation in free space,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13(12), 2783–2791 (1996).
[Crossref]

A. S. Weling, B. B. Hu, N. M. Froberg, and D. H. Auston, “Generation of tunable narrow-band THz radiation from large aperture photoconducting antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(2), 137–139 (1994).
[Crossref]

Averitt, R. D.

Beck, M.

Campbell, P.

Z. G. Lu, P. Campbell, and X.-C. Zhang, “Free-space electro-optic sampling with a high-repetition-rate regenerative amplified laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(5), 593–595 (1997).
[Crossref]

Chatterjee, S.

Cook, A. M.

A. M. Cook, R. Tikhoplav, S. Y. Tochitsky, G. Travish, O. B. Williams, and J. B. Rosenzweig, “Observation of narrow-band terahertz coherent Cherenkov radiation from a cylindrical dielectric-lined waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(9), 095003 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D’Amico, C.

Danielson, J. R.

J. R. Danielson, A. D. Jameson, J. L. Tomaino, H. Hui, J. D. Wetzel, Y.-S. Lee, and K. L. Vodopyanov, “Intense narrow band terahertz generation via type-II difference-frequency generation in ZnTe using chirped optical pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(3), 033111 (2008).
[Crossref]

Das, J.

Degert, J.

Dekorsy, T.

M. Beck, H. Schäfer, G. Klatt, J. Demsar, S. Winnerl, M. Helm, and T. Dekorsy, “Impulsive terahertz radiation with high electric fields from an amplifier-driven large-area photoconductive antenna,” Opt. Express 18(9), 9251–9257 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Dreyhaupt, S. Winnerl, T. Dekorsy, and M. Helm, “High-intensity terahertz radiation from a microstructured large-area photoconductor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(12), 121114 (2005).
[Crossref]

Demsar, J.

Döhler, G. H.

S. Preu, G. H. Döhler, S. Malzer, L. J. Wang, and A. C. Gossard, “Tunable, continuous-wave Terahertz photomixer sources and applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(6), 061301 (2011).
[Crossref]

Dreyhaupt, A.

S. Winnerl, F. Peter, S. Nitsche, A. Dreyhaupt, B. Zimmermann, M. Wagner, H. Schneider, M. Helm, and K. Köhler, “Generation and detection of THz radiation with scalable antennas based on GaAs substrates with different carrier lifetimes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(2), 449–457 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Dreyhaupt, S. Winnerl, T. Dekorsy, and M. Helm, “High-intensity terahertz radiation from a microstructured large-area photoconductor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(12), 121114 (2005).
[Crossref]

Efimov, A. V.

Feurer, T.

Freysz, E.

Froberg, N. M.

A. S. Weling, B. B. Hu, N. M. Froberg, and D. H. Auston, “Generation of tunable narrow-band THz radiation from large aperture photoconducting antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(2), 137–139 (1994).
[Crossref]

Galvanauskas, A.

Y.-S. Lee, T. Meade, T. B. Norris, and A. Galvanauskas, “Tunable narrow-band terahertz generation from periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(23), 3583–3585 (2001).
[Crossref]

Gossard, A. C.

S. Preu, G. H. Döhler, S. Malzer, L. J. Wang, and A. C. Gossard, “Tunable, continuous-wave Terahertz photomixer sources and applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(6), 061301 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hebling, J.

Helm, M.

M. Beck, H. Schäfer, G. Klatt, J. Demsar, S. Winnerl, M. Helm, and T. Dekorsy, “Impulsive terahertz radiation with high electric fields from an amplifier-driven large-area photoconductive antenna,” Opt. Express 18(9), 9251–9257 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Winnerl, F. Peter, S. Nitsche, A. Dreyhaupt, B. Zimmermann, M. Wagner, H. Schneider, M. Helm, and K. Köhler, “Generation and detection of THz radiation with scalable antennas based on GaAs substrates with different carrier lifetimes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(2), 449–457 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Dreyhaupt, S. Winnerl, T. Dekorsy, and M. Helm, “High-intensity terahertz radiation from a microstructured large-area photoconductor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(12), 121114 (2005).
[Crossref]

Hornung, T.

Hu, B. B.

A. S. Weling, B. B. Hu, N. M. Froberg, and D. H. Auston, “Generation of tunable narrow-band THz radiation from large aperture photoconducting antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(2), 137–139 (1994).
[Crossref]

Hui, H.

J. R. Danielson, A. D. Jameson, J. L. Tomaino, H. Hui, J. D. Wetzel, Y.-S. Lee, and K. L. Vodopyanov, “Intense narrow band terahertz generation via type-II difference-frequency generation in ZnTe using chirped optical pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(3), 033111 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hurlbut, W. C.

W. C. Hurlbut, B. J. Norton, N. Amer, and Y.-S. Lee, “Manipulation of terahertz waveforms in nonlinear optical crystals by shaped optical pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(1), 90–93 (2006).
[Crossref]

Y.-S. Lee, N. Amer, and W. C. Hurlbut, “Terahertz pulse shaping via optical rectification in poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(2), 170–172 (2003).
[Crossref]

Jameson, A. D.

J. R. Danielson, A. D. Jameson, J. L. Tomaino, H. Hui, J. D. Wetzel, Y.-S. Lee, and K. L. Vodopyanov, “Intense narrow band terahertz generation via type-II difference-frequency generation in ZnTe using chirped optical pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(3), 033111 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kim, D. S.

J. Y. Sohn, Y. H. Ahn, D. J. Park, E. Oh, and D. S. Kim, “Tunable terahertz generation using femtosecond pulse shaping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(1), 13–15 (2002).
[Crossref]

Klatt, G.

Köhler, K.

S. Winnerl, F. Peter, S. Nitsche, A. Dreyhaupt, B. Zimmermann, M. Wagner, H. Schneider, M. Helm, and K. Köhler, “Generation and detection of THz radiation with scalable antennas based on GaAs substrates with different carrier lifetimes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(2), 449–457 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kohli, K. K.

Kuhl, J.

Lee, Y.-S.

J. R. Danielson, A. D. Jameson, J. L. Tomaino, H. Hui, J. D. Wetzel, Y.-S. Lee, and K. L. Vodopyanov, “Intense narrow band terahertz generation via type-II difference-frequency generation in ZnTe using chirped optical pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(3), 033111 (2008).
[Crossref]

W. C. Hurlbut, B. J. Norton, N. Amer, and Y.-S. Lee, “Manipulation of terahertz waveforms in nonlinear optical crystals by shaped optical pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(1), 90–93 (2006).
[Crossref]

Y.-S. Lee, N. Amer, and W. C. Hurlbut, “Terahertz pulse shaping via optical rectification in poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(2), 170–172 (2003).
[Crossref]

Y.-S. Lee, T. Meade, T. B. Norris, and A. Galvanauskas, “Tunable narrow-band terahertz generation from periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(23), 3583–3585 (2001).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, S.-G. Park, and A. M. Weiner, “Terahertz waveform synthesis via optical pulse shaping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 709–719 (1996).
[Crossref]

Lu, Z. G.

Z. G. Lu, P. Campbell, and X.-C. Zhang, “Free-space electro-optic sampling with a high-repetition-rate regenerative amplified laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(5), 593–595 (1997).
[Crossref]

Malzer, S.

S. Preu, G. H. Döhler, S. Malzer, L. J. Wang, and A. C. Gossard, “Tunable, continuous-wave Terahertz photomixer sources and applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(6), 061301 (2011).
[Crossref]

Meade, T.

Y.-S. Lee, T. Meade, T. B. Norris, and A. Galvanauskas, “Tunable narrow-band terahertz generation from periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(23), 3583–3585 (2001).
[Crossref]

Nelson, K. A.

Nitsche, S.

S. Winnerl, F. Peter, S. Nitsche, A. Dreyhaupt, B. Zimmermann, M. Wagner, H. Schneider, M. Helm, and K. Köhler, “Generation and detection of THz radiation with scalable antennas based on GaAs substrates with different carrier lifetimes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(2), 449–457 (2008).
[Crossref]

Norris, T. B.

Y.-S. Lee, T. Meade, T. B. Norris, and A. Galvanauskas, “Tunable narrow-band terahertz generation from periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(23), 3583–3585 (2001).
[Crossref]

Norton, B. J.

Oberlé, J.

Oh, E.

J. Y. Sohn, Y. H. Ahn, D. J. Park, E. Oh, and D. S. Kim, “Tunable terahertz generation using femtosecond pulse shaping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(1), 13–15 (2002).
[Crossref]

Park, D. J.

J. Y. Sohn, Y. H. Ahn, D. J. Park, E. Oh, and D. S. Kim, “Tunable terahertz generation using femtosecond pulse shaping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(1), 13–15 (2002).
[Crossref]

Park, S.-G.

Y. Liu, S.-G. Park, and A. M. Weiner, “Terahertz waveform synthesis via optical pulse shaping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 709–719 (1996).
[Crossref]

Peter, F.

S. Winnerl, F. Peter, S. Nitsche, A. Dreyhaupt, B. Zimmermann, M. Wagner, H. Schneider, M. Helm, and K. Köhler, “Generation and detection of THz radiation with scalable antennas based on GaAs substrates with different carrier lifetimes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(2), 449–457 (2008).
[Crossref]

Preu, S.

S. Preu, G. H. Döhler, S. Malzer, L. J. Wang, and A. C. Gossard, “Tunable, continuous-wave Terahertz photomixer sources and applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(6), 061301 (2011).
[Crossref]

Rosenzweig, J. B.

A. M. Cook, R. Tikhoplav, S. Y. Tochitsky, G. Travish, O. B. Williams, and J. B. Rosenzweig, “Observation of narrow-band terahertz coherent Cherenkov radiation from a cylindrical dielectric-lined waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(9), 095003 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rühle, W. W.

Schäfer, H.

Schneider, H.

S. Winnerl, F. Peter, S. Nitsche, A. Dreyhaupt, B. Zimmermann, M. Wagner, H. Schneider, M. Helm, and K. Köhler, “Generation and detection of THz radiation with scalable antennas based on GaAs substrates with different carrier lifetimes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(2), 449–457 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sohn, J. Y.

J. Y. Sohn, Y. H. Ahn, D. J. Park, E. Oh, and D. S. Kim, “Tunable terahertz generation using femtosecond pulse shaping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(1), 13–15 (2002).
[Crossref]

Stepanov, A. G.

Taylor, A. J.

Tikhoplav, R.

A. M. Cook, R. Tikhoplav, S. Y. Tochitsky, G. Travish, O. B. Williams, and J. B. Rosenzweig, “Observation of narrow-band terahertz coherent Cherenkov radiation from a cylindrical dielectric-lined waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(9), 095003 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tochitsky, S. Y.

A. M. Cook, R. Tikhoplav, S. Y. Tochitsky, G. Travish, O. B. Williams, and J. B. Rosenzweig, “Observation of narrow-band terahertz coherent Cherenkov radiation from a cylindrical dielectric-lined waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(9), 095003 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tomaino, J. L.

J. R. Danielson, A. D. Jameson, J. L. Tomaino, H. Hui, J. D. Wetzel, Y.-S. Lee, and K. L. Vodopyanov, “Intense narrow band terahertz generation via type-II difference-frequency generation in ZnTe using chirped optical pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(3), 033111 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tondusson, M.

Travish, G.

A. M. Cook, R. Tikhoplav, S. Y. Tochitsky, G. Travish, O. B. Williams, and J. B. Rosenzweig, “Observation of narrow-band terahertz coherent Cherenkov radiation from a cylindrical dielectric-lined waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(9), 095003 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vaughan, J. C.

Vaupel, A.

Vidal, S.

Vodopyanov, K. L.

J. R. Danielson, A. D. Jameson, J. L. Tomaino, H. Hui, J. D. Wetzel, Y.-S. Lee, and K. L. Vodopyanov, “Intense narrow band terahertz generation via type-II difference-frequency generation in ZnTe using chirped optical pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(3), 033111 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wagner, M.

S. Winnerl, F. Peter, S. Nitsche, A. Dreyhaupt, B. Zimmermann, M. Wagner, H. Schneider, M. Helm, and K. Köhler, “Generation and detection of THz radiation with scalable antennas based on GaAs substrates with different carrier lifetimes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(2), 449–457 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, L. J.

S. Preu, G. H. Döhler, S. Malzer, L. J. Wang, and A. C. Gossard, “Tunable, continuous-wave Terahertz photomixer sources and applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(6), 061301 (2011).
[Crossref]

Weiner, A. M.

Y. Liu, S.-G. Park, and A. M. Weiner, “Terahertz waveform synthesis via optical pulse shaping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 709–719 (1996).
[Crossref]

Weling, A. S.

A. S. Weling and D. H. Auston, “Novel sources and detectors for coherent tunable narrow-band terahertz radiation in free space,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13(12), 2783–2791 (1996).
[Crossref]

A. S. Weling, B. B. Hu, N. M. Froberg, and D. H. Auston, “Generation of tunable narrow-band THz radiation from large aperture photoconducting antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(2), 137–139 (1994).
[Crossref]

Wetzel, J. D.

J. R. Danielson, A. D. Jameson, J. L. Tomaino, H. Hui, J. D. Wetzel, Y.-S. Lee, and K. L. Vodopyanov, “Intense narrow band terahertz generation via type-II difference-frequency generation in ZnTe using chirped optical pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(3), 033111 (2008).
[Crossref]

Williams, O. B.

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J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (5)

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

A. M. Cook, R. Tikhoplav, S. Y. Tochitsky, G. Travish, O. B. Williams, and J. B. Rosenzweig, “Observation of narrow-band terahertz coherent Cherenkov radiation from a cylindrical dielectric-lined waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(9), 095003 (2009).
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Other (2)

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High-resolution transmission molecular absorption database (HITRAN), http://cfa-www.harvard.edu/HITRAN/ .

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Scheme of chirped-pulse difference frequency generation (a) and experimental setup for the THz generation (b). BS:beamsplitter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) THz time domain transients for regular femtosecond excitation (black) and chirped pulse DFG (red line). The spectral powers at various central frequencies and the power spectrum of fs-excitation (dashed) are shown in (b).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Power (top) and tuning (bottom) curves for different input pulse lengths for increasing time delay between the two optical pulses.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Power spectra for two pulse lengths of 1.4 ps (black) and 3.3 ps (blue). The arrows indicate the FWHM of the two spectra.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Curves of the THz power as function of the combined NIR pulse energy. The black squares and blue triangles data are from the focused SI(LT)-GaAs emitters, the full red circles are taken from the 10 × 10 mm2 SI-GaAs emitter under wide focus excitation.

Equations (3)

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E 1 ( t ) = E 2 ( t + τ ) = E 0 exp ( 4 ln 2 ( t / τ p ) 2 ) exp ( i ω t i b t 2 ) ,
ν DFG = v 2 i ν 1 i = ( b / π ) t ( b / π ) ( t τ ) = ( b / π ) τ = ω DFG 2 π .
Δ ω = 8 τ P 0 b = 2 π Δ ν DFG ,

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