Abstract

Power scaling of a picosecond vortex laser based on a stressed Yb-doped fiber amplifier is analyzed. An output power of 25 W was obtained for 53 W of pumping, with a peak power of 37 kW. Frequency doubling of the vortex output was demonstrated using a nonlinear PPSLT crystal. A second-harmonic output power of up to 1.5 W was measured at a fundamental power of 11.2 W.

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  1. L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. J. E. Curtis, B. A. Koss, and D. G. Grier, “Dynamic holographic optical tweezers,” Opt. Commun. 207(1–6), 169–175 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. T. Watanabe, Y. Iketaki, T. Omatsu, K. Yamamoto, S. Ishiuchi, M. Sakai, and M. Fujii, “Two-Color Far-Field Super-Resolution Microscope using a Doughnut Beam,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 371(5-6), 634–639 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  19. G. B. Jung, K. Kanaya, and T. Omatsu, “Highly efficient phase-conjugation of a 1 µm pico-second Laguerre-Gaussian beam,” Opt. Express 14(6), 2250–2255 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-14-6-2250 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, Y. Nomura, and K. Kitamura, “Stable High-Power Green Light Generation with Thermally Conductive Periodically Poled Stoichiometric Lithium Tantalate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(No. 10A), L1265–L1267 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2009 (3)

2007 (2)

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

2004 (3)

2003 (3)

J. Liu, Z. Wang, X. Meng, Z. Shao, B. Ozygus, A. Ding, and H. Weber, “Improvement of passive Q-switching performance reached with a new Nd-doped mixed vanadate crystal Nd:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4,” Opt. Lett. 28(23), 2330–2332 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Watanabe, Y. Iketaki, T. Omatsu, K. Yamamoto, S. Ishiuchi, M. Sakai, and M. Fujii, “Two-Color Far-Field Super-Resolution Microscope using a Doughnut Beam,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 371(5-6), 634–639 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Grier, “A revolution in optical manipulation,” Nature 424(6950), 810–816 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

J. E. Curtis, B. A. Koss, and D. G. Grier, “Dynamic holographic optical tweezers,” Opt. Commun. 207(1–6), 169–175 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

K. Dholakia, N. B. Simpson, M. J. Padgett, and L. Allen, “Second-harmonic generation and the orbital angular momentum of light,” Phys. Rev. A 54(5), R3742–R3745 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

G. Indebetouw, “Optical vortices and their propagation,” J. Mod. Opt. 40(1), 73–87 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Yu. Bazhenov, M. S. Soskin, and M. V. Vasnetsov, “Screw dislocations in light wavefronts,” J. Mod. Opt. 39(5), 985–990 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Allen, L.

K. Dholakia, N. B. Simpson, M. J. Padgett, and L. Allen, “Second-harmonic generation and the orbital angular momentum of light,” Phys. Rev. A 54(5), R3742–R3745 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aoki, N.

Bazhenov, V. Yu.

V. Yu. Bazhenov, M. S. Soskin, and M. V. Vasnetsov, “Screw dislocations in light wavefronts,” J. Mod. Opt. 39(5), 985–990 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Beijersbergen, M. W.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bretschneider, S.

S. Bretschneider, C. Eggeling, and S. W. Hell, “Breaking the diffraction barrier in fluorescence microscopy by optical shelving,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(21), 218103 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Y. C.

Chen, Y. F.

Chujo, K.

Curtis, J. E.

J. E. Curtis, B. A. Koss, and D. G. Grier, “Dynamic holographic optical tweezers,” Opt. Commun. 207(1–6), 169–175 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dholakia, K.

K. Dholakia, N. B. Simpson, M. J. Padgett, and L. Allen, “Second-harmonic generation and the orbital angular momentum of light,” Phys. Rev. A 54(5), R3742–R3745 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ding, A.

Du, J.

Eggeling, C.

S. Bretschneider, C. Eggeling, and S. W. Hell, “Breaking the diffraction barrier in fluorescence microscopy by optical shelving,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(21), 218103 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, Y. X.

Fan, Y.-X.

Fujii, M.

T. Watanabe, Y. Iketaki, T. Omatsu, K. Yamamoto, S. Ishiuchi, M. Sakai, and M. Fujii, “Two-Color Far-Field Super-Resolution Microscope using a Doughnut Beam,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 371(5-6), 634–639 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Grier, D. G.

D. G. Grier, “A revolution in optical manipulation,” Nature 424(6950), 810–816 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. E. Curtis, B. A. Koss, and D. G. Grier, “Dynamic holographic optical tweezers,” Opt. Commun. 207(1–6), 169–175 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hamazaki, J.

M. Okida, Y. Hayashi, T. Omatsu, J. Hamazaki, and R. Morita, “Characterization of 1.06 μ m optical vortex laser based on a side-pumped Nd:GdVO4 bounce oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 95(1), 69–73 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hang, Y.

Hayashi, Y.

M. Okida, Y. Hayashi, T. Omatsu, J. Hamazaki, and R. Morita, “Characterization of 1.06 μ m optical vortex laser based on a side-pumped Nd:GdVO4 bounce oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 95(1), 69–73 (2009).
[CrossRef]

He, J.-L.

Hell, S. W.

S. Bretschneider, C. Eggeling, and S. W. Hell, “Breaking the diffraction barrier in fluorescence microscopy by optical shelving,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(21), 218103 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Iketaki, Y.

T. Watanabe, Y. Iketaki, T. Omatsu, K. Yamamoto, S. Ishiuchi, M. Sakai, and M. Fujii, “Two-Color Far-Field Super-Resolution Microscope using a Doughnut Beam,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 371(5-6), 634–639 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Indebetouw, G.

G. Indebetouw, “Optical vortices and their propagation,” J. Mod. Opt. 40(1), 73–87 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ishiuchi, S.

T. Watanabe, Y. Iketaki, T. Omatsu, K. Yamamoto, S. Ishiuchi, M. Sakai, and M. Fujii, “Two-Color Far-Field Super-Resolution Microscope using a Doughnut Beam,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 371(5-6), 634–639 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Itoh, M.

Jung, G. B.

Kanaya, K.

Kawase, D.

Kitamura, K.

N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, Y. Nomura, and K. Kitamura, “Stable High-Power Green Light Generation with Thermally Conductive Periodically Poled Stoichiometric Lithium Tantalate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(No. 10A), L1265–L1267 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Koss, B. A.

J. E. Curtis, B. A. Koss, and D. G. Grier, “Dynamic holographic optical tweezers,” Opt. Commun. 207(1–6), 169–175 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ku, M. L.

Kurimura, S.

N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, Y. Nomura, and K. Kitamura, “Stable High-Power Green Light Generation with Thermally Conductive Periodically Poled Stoichiometric Lithium Tantalate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(No. 10A), L1265–L1267 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

Liu, S.

Ma, X. Y.

Mariyenko, I. G.

Meng, X.

Miyamoto, K.

Miyamoto, Y.

Morita, R.

T. Omatsu, K. Chujo, K. Miyamoto, M. Okida, K. Nakamura, N. Aoki, and R. Morita, “Metal microneedle fabrication using twisted light with spin,” Opt. Express 18(17), 17967–17973 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-17-17967 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Okida, Y. Hayashi, T. Omatsu, J. Hamazaki, and R. Morita, “Characterization of 1.06 μ m optical vortex laser based on a side-pumped Nd:GdVO4 bounce oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 95(1), 69–73 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, K.

Nomura, Y.

N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, Y. Nomura, and K. Kitamura, “Stable High-Power Green Light Generation with Thermally Conductive Periodically Poled Stoichiometric Lithium Tantalate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(No. 10A), L1265–L1267 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Okida, M.

Omatsu, T.

T. Omatsu, K. Chujo, K. Miyamoto, M. Okida, K. Nakamura, N. Aoki, and R. Morita, “Metal microneedle fabrication using twisted light with spin,” Opt. Express 18(17), 17967–17973 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-17-17967 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Tanaka, M. Okida, K. Miyamoto, and T. Omatsu, “High power picosecond vortex laser based on a large-mode-area fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 17(16), 14362–14366 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-16-14362 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Okida, Y. Hayashi, T. Omatsu, J. Hamazaki, and R. Morita, “Characterization of 1.06 μ m optical vortex laser based on a side-pumped Nd:GdVO4 bounce oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 95(1), 69–73 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Okida, T. Omatsu, M. Itoh, and T. Yatagai, “Direct generation of high power Laguerre-Gaussian output from a diode-pumped Nd:YVO(4) 1.3-mum bounce laser,” Opt. Express 15(12), 7616–7622 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-15-12-7616 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. B. Jung, K. Kanaya, and T. Omatsu, “Highly efficient phase-conjugation of a 1 µm pico-second Laguerre-Gaussian beam,” Opt. Express 14(6), 2250–2255 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-14-6-2250 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Watanabe, Y. Iketaki, T. Omatsu, K. Yamamoto, S. Ishiuchi, M. Sakai, and M. Fujii, “Two-Color Far-Field Super-Resolution Microscope using a Doughnut Beam,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 371(5-6), 634–639 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ozygus, B.

Padgett, M. J.

K. Dholakia, N. B. Simpson, M. J. Padgett, and L. Allen, “Second-harmonic generation and the orbital angular momentum of light,” Phys. Rev. A 54(5), R3742–R3745 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sakai, M.

T. Watanabe, Y. Iketaki, T. Omatsu, K. Yamamoto, S. Ishiuchi, M. Sakai, and M. Fujii, “Two-Color Far-Field Super-Resolution Microscope using a Doughnut Beam,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 371(5-6), 634–639 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, K.

Shao, Z.

Simpson, N. B.

K. Dholakia, N. B. Simpson, M. J. Padgett, and L. Allen, “Second-harmonic generation and the orbital angular momentum of light,” Phys. Rev. A 54(5), R3742–R3745 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Soskin, M. S.

V. Yu. Bazhenov, M. S. Soskin, and M. V. Vasnetsov, “Screw dislocations in light wavefronts,” J. Mod. Opt. 39(5), 985–990 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Spreeuw, R. J. C.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Strohaber, J.

Takeda, M.

Takeuchi, S.

Tanaka, Y.

Tsai, L. Y.

Uiterwaal, C. J. G. J.

Vasnetsov, M. V.

V. Yu. Bazhenov, M. S. Soskin, and M. V. Vasnetsov, “Screw dislocations in light wavefronts,” J. Mod. Opt. 39(5), 985–990 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H. T.

Wang, Y. G.

Wang, Z.

Watanabe, T.

T. Watanabe, Y. Iketaki, T. Omatsu, K. Yamamoto, S. Ishiuchi, M. Sakai, and M. Fujii, “Two-Color Far-Field Super-Resolution Microscope using a Doughnut Beam,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 371(5-6), 634–639 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Weber, H.

Woerdman, J. P.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamamoto, K.

T. Watanabe, Y. Iketaki, T. Omatsu, K. Yamamoto, S. Ishiuchi, M. Sakai, and M. Fujii, “Two-Color Far-Field Super-Resolution Microscope using a Doughnut Beam,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 371(5-6), 634–639 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yatagai, T.

Yu, N. E.

N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, Y. Nomura, and K. Kitamura, “Stable High-Power Green Light Generation with Thermally Conductive Periodically Poled Stoichiometric Lithium Tantalate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(No. 10A), L1265–L1267 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L. H.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

M. Okida, Y. Hayashi, T. Omatsu, J. Hamazaki, and R. Morita, “Characterization of 1.06 μ m optical vortex laser based on a side-pumped Nd:GdVO4 bounce oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 95(1), 69–73 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

T. Watanabe, Y. Iketaki, T. Omatsu, K. Yamamoto, S. Ishiuchi, M. Sakai, and M. Fujii, “Two-Color Far-Field Super-Resolution Microscope using a Doughnut Beam,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 371(5-6), 634–639 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (2)

G. Indebetouw, “Optical vortices and their propagation,” J. Mod. Opt. 40(1), 73–87 (1993).
[CrossRef]

V. Yu. Bazhenov, M. S. Soskin, and M. V. Vasnetsov, “Screw dislocations in light wavefronts,” J. Mod. Opt. 39(5), 985–990 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, Y. Nomura, and K. Kitamura, “Stable High-Power Green Light Generation with Thermally Conductive Periodically Poled Stoichiometric Lithium Tantalate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(No. 10A), L1265–L1267 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

D. G. Grier, “A revolution in optical manipulation,” Nature 424(6950), 810–816 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. E. Curtis, B. A. Koss, and D. G. Grier, “Dynamic holographic optical tweezers,” Opt. Commun. 207(1–6), 169–175 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Dholakia, N. B. Simpson, M. J. Padgett, and L. Allen, “Second-harmonic generation and the orbital angular momentum of light,” Phys. Rev. A 54(5), R3742–R3745 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. Bretschneider, C. Eggeling, and S. W. Hell, “Breaking the diffraction barrier in fluorescence microscopy by optical shelving,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(21), 218103 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

A. Yariv, Optical Electronics in Modern Communications, 5th ed. (Oxford University Press,1997), Chap. 3.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of the high-power picosecond vortex laser and second-harmonic generation system.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Vortex output power as a function of the pump power.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spatial profiles of the vortex output. (a) is intensity profile; (b) and (c) are interferograms formed between the vortex output and a spherical reference beam.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Beam-propagation of the vortex output.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Autocorrelation trace of the amplified vortex output. (b) Spectrum of the master laser and the amplified vortex output.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Frequency-doubled vortex output power as a function of the fundamental power.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Spatial forms of the second harmonics of the vortex output. (a) is the spatial separation of phase singularities due to walk-off in the KTP crystal; (b) is the intensity profile of the second harmonics; and (c) shows second-harmonic interference fringes.

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