Abstract

We demonstrate high average power, high energy 1.55 μm ultra-short pulse (<1 ps) laser delivery using helium-filled and argon-filled large mode area hollow core photonic band-gap fibers and compare relevant performance parameters. The ultra-short pulse laser beam—with pulse energy higher than 7 μJ and pulse train average power larger than 0.7 W—is output from a 2 m long hollow core fiber with diffraction limited beam quality. We introduce a pulse tuning mechanism of argon-filled hollow core photonic band-gap fiber. We assess the damage threshold of the hollow core photonic band-gap fiber and propose methods to further increase pulse energy and average power handling.

© 2011 OSA

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2010 (1)

C. Brée, A. Demircan, and G. Steinmeyer, “Method for Computing the Nonlinear Refractive Index via Keldysh Theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(4), 433–437 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (4)

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “High harmonic generation in a gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 369–373 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Mielke, T. Booth, and X. Peng, “Using hollow core plastic fiber to deliver ultrashort pulse laser beams,” NASA Tech. Memo. 33, 4a–6a (2009).

A. Ancona, C. Jauregui, S. Doring, F. Roser, J. Limpert, S. Nolte, and A. Tunnermann, “Ultrashort pulse laser drilling of metals using a high repetition rate, high average power fiber CPA system,” Proc. SPIE 7203, 720311, 720311-9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Le, G. Tempea, Z. Cheng, M. Hofer, and A. Stingl, “Routes to fiber delivery of ultra-short laser pulses in the 25 fs regime,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1240–1247 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-17-3-1240 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

2004 (2)

2003 (6)

H. Garcia, A. M. Johnson, F. A. Oguama, and S. Trivedi, “New approach to the measurement of the nonlinear refractive index of short (<25 m) lengths of silica and erbium-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 28(19), 1796–1798 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Laser breakdown with millijoule trains of picosecond pulses transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fibre,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 36(12), 1375–1381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Laser breakdown with millijoule trains of picosecond pulses transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fibre,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 36(12), 1375–1381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Dausinger, H. Hugel, and V. Konov, “Micro-machining with ultrashort laser pulses: from basic understanding to technical applications,” Proc. SPIE 5147, 106–115 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, “Low-loss hollow-core silica/air photonic bandgap fibre,” Nature 424(6949), 657–659 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

1997 (2)

1996 (1)

B. N. Chichkov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond, picosecond, and nanosecond laser ablation of solids,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 63(2), 109–115 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ahmad, F. R.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Allan, D. C.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, “Low-loss hollow-core silica/air photonic bandgap fibre,” Nature 424(6949), 657–659 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alvensleben, F.

B. N. Chichkov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond, picosecond, and nanosecond laser ablation of solids,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 63(2), 109–115 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ancona, A.

A. Ancona, C. Jauregui, S. Doring, F. Roser, J. Limpert, S. Nolte, and A. Tunnermann, “Ultrashort pulse laser drilling of metals using a high repetition rate, high average power fiber CPA system,” Proc. SPIE 7203, 720311, 720311-9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Baer, C. R. E.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “High harmonic generation in a gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 369–373 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Beloglazov, V. I.

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Laser breakdown with millijoule trains of picosecond pulses transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fibre,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 36(12), 1375–1381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Laser breakdown with millijoule trains of picosecond pulses transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fibre,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 36(12), 1375–1381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Benabid, F.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “High harmonic generation in a gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 369–373 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Booth, T.

M. Mielke, T. Booth, and X. Peng, “Using hollow core plastic fiber to deliver ultrashort pulse laser beams,” NASA Tech. Memo. 33, 4a–6a (2009).

Borrelli, N. F.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, “Low-loss hollow-core silica/air photonic bandgap fibre,” Nature 424(6949), 657–659 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bouwmans, G.

Brée, C.

C. Brée, A. Demircan, and G. Steinmeyer, “Method for Computing the Nonlinear Refractive Index via Keldysh Theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(4), 433–437 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Z.

Chichkov, B. N.

B. N. Chichkov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond, picosecond, and nanosecond laser ablation of solids,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 63(2), 109–115 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Couny, F.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “High harmonic generation in a gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 369–373 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dausinger, F.

F. Dausinger, H. Hugel, and V. Konov, “Micro-machining with ultrashort laser pulses: from basic understanding to technical applications,” Proc. SPIE 5147, 106–115 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Demircan, A.

C. Brée, A. Demircan, and G. Steinmeyer, “Method for Computing the Nonlinear Refractive Index via Keldysh Theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(4), 433–437 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dimarcello, F. V.

Doring, S.

A. Ancona, C. Jauregui, S. Doring, F. Roser, J. Limpert, S. Nolte, and A. Tunnermann, “Ultrashort pulse laser drilling of metals using a high repetition rate, high average power fiber CPA system,” Proc. SPIE 7203, 720311, 720311-9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Engeness, T. D.

Fedotov, A. B.

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Laser breakdown with millijoule trains of picosecond pulses transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fibre,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 36(12), 1375–1381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Laser breakdown with millijoule trains of picosecond pulses transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fibre,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 36(12), 1375–1381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fink, Y.

Franco, M. A.

Gaeta, A. L.

Gallagher, M. T.

C. J. Hensley, D. G. Ouzounov, A. L. Gaeta, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, and K. W. Koch, “Silica-glass contribution to the effective nonlinearity of hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3507–3512 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-15-6-3507 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Ouzounov, C. J. Hensley, A. L. Gaeta, N. Venkateraman, M. T. Gallagher, and K. W. Koch, “Soliton pulse compression in photonic band-gap fibers,” Opt. Express 13(16), 6153–6159 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-13-16-6153 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, “Low-loss hollow-core silica/air photonic bandgap fibre,” Nature 424(6949), 657–659 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garcia, H.

Ghalmi, S.

Grillon, G.

Hand, D.

Heckl, O. H.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “High harmonic generation in a gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 369–373 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hensley, C. J.

Hofer, M.

Holler, M.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “High harmonic generation in a gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 369–373 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hugel, H.

F. Dausinger, H. Hugel, and V. Konov, “Micro-machining with ultrashort laser pulses: from basic understanding to technical applications,” Proc. SPIE 5147, 106–115 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Humbert, G.

Ibanescu, M.

Ito, K.

Jacobs, S. A.

Jasapara, J.

Jauregui, C.

A. Ancona, C. Jauregui, S. Doring, F. Roser, J. Limpert, S. Nolte, and A. Tunnermann, “Ultrashort pulse laser drilling of metals using a high repetition rate, high average power fiber CPA system,” Proc. SPIE 7203, 720311, 720311-9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

Johnson, A. M.

Johnson, S. G.

Jones, J.

Keller, U.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “High harmonic generation in a gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 369–373 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J.

Knight, J. C.

Koch, K. W.

C. J. Hensley, D. G. Ouzounov, A. L. Gaeta, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, and K. W. Koch, “Silica-glass contribution to the effective nonlinearity of hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3507–3512 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-15-6-3507 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Ouzounov, C. J. Hensley, A. L. Gaeta, N. Venkateraman, M. T. Gallagher, and K. W. Koch, “Soliton pulse compression in photonic band-gap fibers,” Opt. Express 13(16), 6153–6159 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-13-16-6153 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, “Low-loss hollow-core silica/air photonic bandgap fibre,” Nature 424(6949), 657–659 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kolevatova, O. A.

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Laser breakdown with millijoule trains of picosecond pulses transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fibre,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 36(12), 1375–1381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Laser breakdown with millijoule trains of picosecond pulses transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fibre,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 36(12), 1375–1381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Konorov, S. O.

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Laser breakdown with millijoule trains of picosecond pulses transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fibre,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 36(12), 1375–1381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Laser breakdown with millijoule trains of picosecond pulses transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fibre,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 36(12), 1375–1381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Konov, V.

F. Dausinger, H. Hugel, and V. Konov, “Micro-machining with ultrashort laser pulses: from basic understanding to technical applications,” Proc. SPIE 5147, 106–115 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kränkel, C.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “High harmonic generation in a gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 369–373 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Le, T.

Light, P.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “High harmonic generation in a gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 369–373 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Limpert, J.

A. Ancona, C. Jauregui, S. Doring, F. Roser, J. Limpert, S. Nolte, and A. Tunnermann, “Ultrashort pulse laser drilling of metals using a high repetition rate, high average power fiber CPA system,” Proc. SPIE 7203, 720311, 720311-9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ma, L.

Mangan, B.

Mangan, B. J.

Marchese, S. V.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “High harmonic generation in a gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 369–373 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Matsuura, Y.

Mielke, M.

M. Mielke, T. Booth, and X. Peng, “Using hollow core plastic fiber to deliver ultrashort pulse laser beams,” NASA Tech. Memo. 33, 4a–6a (2009).

Miyagi, M.

Momma, C.

B. N. Chichkov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond, picosecond, and nanosecond laser ablation of solids,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 63(2), 109–115 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Monberg, E.

Müller, D.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, “Low-loss hollow-core silica/air photonic bandgap fibre,” Nature 424(6949), 657–659 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mysyrowicz, A.

Nibbering, E. T. J.

Nolte, S.

A. Ancona, C. Jauregui, S. Doring, F. Roser, J. Limpert, S. Nolte, and A. Tunnermann, “Ultrashort pulse laser drilling of metals using a high repetition rate, high average power fiber CPA system,” Proc. SPIE 7203, 720311, 720311-9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. N. Chichkov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond, picosecond, and nanosecond laser ablation of solids,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 63(2), 109–115 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Oguama, F. A.

Ouzounov, D. G.

Peng, X.

M. Mielke, T. Booth, and X. Peng, “Using hollow core plastic fiber to deliver ultrashort pulse laser beams,” NASA Tech. Memo. 33, 4a–6a (2009).

Prade, B. S.

Ramachandran, S.

Roberts, P. J.

Robinson, J. S.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “High harmonic generation in a gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 369–373 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Roser, F.

A. Ancona, C. Jauregui, S. Doring, F. Roser, J. Limpert, S. Nolte, and A. Tunnermann, “Ultrashort pulse laser drilling of metals using a high repetition rate, high average power fiber CPA system,” Proc. SPIE 7203, 720311, 720311-9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P.

Russell, P. St. J.

Schapper, F.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “High harmonic generation in a gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 369–373 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shcherbakov, A. V.

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Laser breakdown with millijoule trains of picosecond pulses transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fibre,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 36(12), 1375–1381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Laser breakdown with millijoule trains of picosecond pulses transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fibre,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 36(12), 1375–1381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shephard, J.

Shi, Y. W.

Silcox, J.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Skibina, N. B.

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Laser breakdown with millijoule trains of picosecond pulses transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fibre,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 36(12), 1375–1381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Laser breakdown with millijoule trains of picosecond pulses transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fibre,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 36(12), 1375–1381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Skorobogatiy, M.

Smith, C. M.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, “Low-loss hollow-core silica/air photonic bandgap fibre,” Nature 424(6949), 657–659 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Soljacic, M.

Steinmeyer, G.

C. Brée, A. Demircan, and G. Steinmeyer, “Method for Computing the Nonlinear Refractive Index via Keldysh Theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(4), 433–437 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Stingl, A.

Südmeyer, T.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “High harmonic generation in a gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 369–373 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tempea, G.

Thomas, M. G.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tisch, J. W. G.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “High harmonic generation in a gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 369–373 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Trivedi, S.

Tunnermann, A.

A. Ancona, C. Jauregui, S. Doring, F. Roser, J. Limpert, S. Nolte, and A. Tunnermann, “Ultrashort pulse laser drilling of metals using a high repetition rate, high average power fiber CPA system,” Proc. SPIE 7203, 720311, 720311-9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

B. N. Chichkov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond, picosecond, and nanosecond laser ablation of solids,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 63(2), 109–115 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Venkataraman, N.

C. J. Hensley, D. G. Ouzounov, A. L. Gaeta, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, and K. W. Koch, “Silica-glass contribution to the effective nonlinearity of hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3507–3512 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-15-6-3507 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, “Low-loss hollow-core silica/air photonic bandgap fibre,” Nature 424(6949), 657–659 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Venkateraman, N.

Weisberg, O.

West, J. A.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, “Low-loss hollow-core silica/air photonic bandgap fibre,” Nature 424(6949), 657–659 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Williams, D. P.

Wintner, E.

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Laser breakdown with millijoule trains of picosecond pulses transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fibre,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 36(12), 1375–1381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Laser breakdown with millijoule trains of picosecond pulses transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fibre,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 36(12), 1375–1381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wisk, P.

Yan, M. F.

Yoshida, T.

Zheltikov, A. M.

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Laser breakdown with millijoule trains of picosecond pulses transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fibre,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 36(12), 1375–1381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Laser breakdown with millijoule trains of picosecond pulses transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fibre,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 36(12), 1375–1381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, “High harmonic generation in a gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 369–373 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (1)

B. N. Chichkov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond, picosecond, and nanosecond laser ablation of solids,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 63(2), 109–115 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. Brée, A. Demircan, and G. Steinmeyer, “Method for Computing the Nonlinear Refractive Index via Keldysh Theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(4), 433–437 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (2)

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Laser breakdown with millijoule trains of picosecond pulses transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fibre,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 36(12), 1375–1381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, A. B. Fedotov, O. A. Kolevatova, V. I. Beloglazov, N. B. Skibina, A. V. Shcherbakov, E. Wintner, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Laser breakdown with millijoule trains of picosecond pulses transmitted through a hollow-core photonic-crystal fibre,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 36(12), 1375–1381 (2003).
[CrossRef]

NASA Tech. Memo. (1)

M. Mielke, T. Booth, and X. Peng, “Using hollow core plastic fiber to deliver ultrashort pulse laser beams,” NASA Tech. Memo. 33, 4a–6a (2009).

Nature (1)

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, “Low-loss hollow-core silica/air photonic bandgap fibre,” Nature 424(6949), 657–659 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (6)

D. G. Ouzounov, C. J. Hensley, A. L. Gaeta, N. Venkateraman, M. T. Gallagher, and K. W. Koch, “Soliton pulse compression in photonic band-gap fibers,” Opt. Express 13(16), 6153–6159 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-13-16-6153 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Hensley, D. G. Ouzounov, A. L. Gaeta, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, and K. W. Koch, “Silica-glass contribution to the effective nonlinearity of hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3507–3512 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-15-6-3507 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Shephard, J. Jones, D. Hand, G. Bouwmans, J. Knight, P. Russell, and B. Mangan, “High energy nanosecond laser pulses delivered single-mode through hollow-core PBG fibers,” Opt. Express 12(4), 717–723 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-12-4-717 .
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S. G. Johnson, M. Ibanescu, M. Skorobogatiy, O. Weisberg, T. D. Engeness, M. Soljacic, S. A. Jacobs, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Low-loss asymptotically single-mode propagation in large-core OmniGuide fibers,” Opt. Express 9(13), 748–779 (2001), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-9-13-748 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Humbert, J. C. Knight, G. Bouwmans, P. St. J. Russell, D. P. Williams, P. J. Roberts, and B. J. Mangan, “Hollow core photonic crystal fibers for beam delivery,” Opt. Express 12(8), 1477–1484 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-12-8-1477 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Le, G. Tempea, Z. Cheng, M. Hofer, and A. Stingl, “Routes to fiber delivery of ultra-short laser pulses in the 25 fs regime,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1240–1247 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-17-3-1240 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. SPIE (2)

F. Dausinger, H. Hugel, and V. Konov, “Micro-machining with ultrashort laser pulses: from basic understanding to technical applications,” Proc. SPIE 5147, 106–115 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Ancona, C. Jauregui, S. Doring, F. Roser, J. Limpert, S. Nolte, and A. Tunnermann, “Ultrashort pulse laser drilling of metals using a high repetition rate, high average power fiber CPA system,” Proc. SPIE 7203, 720311, 720311-9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (6)

D. G. Ouzounov, C. J. Hensley, A. Gaeta, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, and K. W. Koch, “Nonlinear properties of hollow-core band-gap fibers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CMM3. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=CLEO-2005-CMM3 .

D. R. Lide, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics78th Edition (CRC Press, LLC 1997), Chap. 10.

http://www.rp-photonics.com/laser_induced_breakdown.html .

M. Mielke, D. Gaudiosi, K. Kim, M. Greenberg, X. Gu, R. Cline, X. Peng, M. Slovick, N. Allen, M. Manning, M. Ferrel, N. Prachayaamorn, and S. Sapers, “Ultrafast fiber laser platform for advanced materials processing,” J. Laser. Micro/Nanoeng. 5, 53–58 (2010).

R. David, Lide, Handbook of chemistry and physics 78th Edition, (CRC Press, 1997).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for demonstration and characterization of high energy, ultra-short laser pulse delivery through hollow-core fiber. HWP – half-wave plate; PBS – polarizing beam-splitter; OSA – optical spectrum analyzer; AC – second harmonic intensity autocorrelator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Intensity autocorrelation traces (A) and optical spectra (B) of the input and output pulses at 7 μJ pulse energy and 0.7 W average power. The inset of (A) shows the far-field beam profile at the fiber output. The HC-PBGF is filled with helium gas.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(A) Autocorrelation traces of input and output pulses at 5 μJ pulse energy and 0.5 W average power. (B) Optical spectra of input and output pulses at 5 μJ pulse energy and 0.5 W average power. The HC-PBGF is filled with argon gas.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

FWHM pulse duration of the output pulses as a function of pulse energy when the HC-PBGF is filled with helium (solid, black squares) and argon (open, red squares).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

FWHM pulse duration of the delivery fiber output pulses as a function of argon pressure. Pulse width decreases with increasing argon pressure from 20 psi to 30 psi.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Peak optical irradiance inside the HC-PBGF with different mode field diameter and pulse energy.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Near-field transmission optical microscopic images of the HC19-1550-01 hollow core fiber facet before (A) and after (B) a damage event.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Summary of benchmark performance for pulse energy and average power handling by HC-PBGFs

Metrics