Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate that the use of a weak seed pulse of energy less than 0.4% of the pump results in a spectral energy enhancement that spans over 2 octaves and a total energy enhancement of more than 3 times for supercontinua generated by millijoule level femtosecond pulses in Krypton gas. Strong four-wave mixing of the pump-seed pulse interacting in the gas is observed. The spectral irradiance generated from the seeding process is sufficiently high to use white-light continuum as an alternative to conventional tunable sources of radiation for applications such as nonlinear optical spectroscopy.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. R. R. Alfano and S. L. Shapiro, “Observation of self-phase modulation and small-scale filaments in crystals and glasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24(11), 592–594 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. B. Corkum, C. Rolland, and T. Srinivasan-Rao, “Supercontinuum generation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57(18), 2268–2271 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. Brodeur and S. L. Chin, “Band-gap dependence of the ultrafast white-light continuum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80(20), 4406–4409 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Kolesik, G. Katona, J. V. Moloney, and E. M. Wright, “Physical factors limiting the spectral extent and band gap dependence of supercontinuum generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(4), 043905 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. P. B. Corkum and C. Rolland, “Femtosecond continua produced in gases,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25(12), 2634–2639 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. Yang and Y. R. Shen, “Spectral broadening of ultrashort pulses in a nonlinear medium,” Opt. Lett. 9(11), 510–512 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. Y. Kamali, J.-F. Daigle, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, A. Azarm, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. C. Lessard, F. Lessard, G. Roy, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Remote sensing of trace methane using mobile femtosecond laser system of T&T Lab,” Opt. Commun. 282(10), 2062–2065 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Couairon, H. Chakraborty, and M. B. Gaarde, “From single-cycle self-compressed filaments to isolated attosecond pulses in noble gases,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 053814 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Special 30th anniversary feature: sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE LEOS Newsletter 21, 17–35 (2007).
  11. M. Balu, J. Hales, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “White-light continuum Z-scan technique for nonlinear materials characterization,” Opt. Express 12(16), 3820–3826 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. Balu, L. A. Padilha, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, S. Yao, K. Belfield, S. Zheng, S. Barlow, and S. Marder, “Broadband Z-Scan characterization using a high-spectral-irradiance, high-quality supercontinuum,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(2), 159–165 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Balu, L. A. Padilha, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, S. Yao, K. Belfield, S. Zheng, S. Barlow, and S. Marder, “Broadband Z-Scan characterization using a high-spectral-irradiance, high-quality supercontinuum: erratum,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(8), 1663 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, D. Mondelain, S. Niedermeier, J. Yu, J.-P. Wolf, Y.-B. André, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, M. Rodriguez, H. Wille, and L. Wöste, “Infrared extension of the super continuum generated by femtosecond terawatt laser pulses propagating in the atmosphere,” Opt. Lett. 25(18), 1397–1399 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  15. D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, and B. Jalali, “Active control of rogue waves for stimulated supercontinuum generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(23), 233902 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. J. H. Kim, M. K. Chen, C.-E. Yang, J. Lee, K. Shi, Z. Liu, S. S. Yin, K. Reichard, P. Ruffin, E. Edwards, C. Brantley, and C. Luo, “Broadband supercontinuum generation covering UV to mid-IR region by using three pumping sources in single crystal sapphire fiber,” Opt. Express 16(19), 14792–14800 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. C. Xiong, Z. Chen, and W. J. Wadsworth, “Dual-wavelength-pumped supercontinuum generation in an all-fiber device,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(11), 1638–1643 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  18. K. Wang, L. Qian, H. Luo, P. Yuan, and H. Zhu, “Ultrabroad supercontinuum generation by femtosecond dual-wavelength pumping in sapphire,” Opt. Express 14(13), 6366–6371 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. K. Y. Kim, A. J. Taylor, J. H. Glownia, and G. Rodriguez, “Coherent control of terahertz supercontinuum generation in ultrafast laser-gas interactions,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 605–609 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  20. P. B. Petersen and A. Tokmakoff, “Source for ultrafast continuum infrared and terahertz radiation,” Opt. Lett. 35(12), 1962–1964 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(2), 023904 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. I. V. Fedotov, A. B. Fedotov, P. A. Zhokhov, A. A. Lanin, A. D. Savvin, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Parametric transformation and spectral shaping of supercontinuum by high-intensity femtosecond laser pulses,” JETP Lett. 88(3), 157–159 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  23. I. V. Fedotov, P. A. Zhokhov, A. B. Fedotov, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Probing the ultrafast nonlinear-optical response of ionized atmospheric air by polarization-resolved four-wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. A 80(1), 015802 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  24. C. S. Liu, V. B. Pathak, and V. K. Tripathi, “Cross-phase modulation between lasers in a tunnel ionizing gas,” Phys. Plasmas 16(5), 053102 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  25. A. S. Joshi, P. A. Naik, S. Barnwal, Y. B. S. R. Prasad, and P. D. Gupta, “A novel technique for measurement of self-generated magnetic fields and the plasma density in laser produced plasmas from the Faraday rotation using two color probes,” Opt. Commun. 283(23), 4713–4716 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (2)

P. B. Petersen and A. Tokmakoff, “Source for ultrafast continuum infrared and terahertz radiation,” Opt. Lett. 35(12), 1962–1964 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Joshi, P. A. Naik, S. Barnwal, Y. B. S. R. Prasad, and P. D. Gupta, “A novel technique for measurement of self-generated magnetic fields and the plasma density in laser produced plasmas from the Faraday rotation using two color probes,” Opt. Commun. 283(23), 4713–4716 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (5)

I. V. Fedotov, P. A. Zhokhov, A. B. Fedotov, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Probing the ultrafast nonlinear-optical response of ionized atmospheric air by polarization-resolved four-wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. A 80(1), 015802 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Liu, V. B. Pathak, and V. K. Tripathi, “Cross-phase modulation between lasers in a tunnel ionizing gas,” Phys. Plasmas 16(5), 053102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kamali, J.-F. Daigle, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, A. Azarm, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. C. Lessard, F. Lessard, G. Roy, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Remote sensing of trace methane using mobile femtosecond laser system of T&T Lab,” Opt. Commun. 282(10), 2062–2065 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Balu, L. A. Padilha, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, S. Yao, K. Belfield, S. Zheng, S. Barlow, and S. Marder, “Broadband Z-Scan characterization using a high-spectral-irradiance, high-quality supercontinuum: erratum,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(8), 1663 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Xiong, Z. Chen, and W. J. Wadsworth, “Dual-wavelength-pumped supercontinuum generation in an all-fiber device,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(11), 1638–1643 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (6)

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, and B. Jalali, “Active control of rogue waves for stimulated supercontinuum generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(23), 233902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Kim, M. K. Chen, C.-E. Yang, J. Lee, K. Shi, Z. Liu, S. S. Yin, K. Reichard, P. Ruffin, E. Edwards, C. Brantley, and C. Luo, “Broadband supercontinuum generation covering UV to mid-IR region by using three pumping sources in single crystal sapphire fiber,” Opt. Express 16(19), 14792–14800 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Balu, L. A. Padilha, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, S. Yao, K. Belfield, S. Zheng, S. Barlow, and S. Marder, “Broadband Z-Scan characterization using a high-spectral-irradiance, high-quality supercontinuum,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(2), 159–165 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, H. Chakraborty, and M. B. Gaarde, “From single-cycle self-compressed filaments to isolated attosecond pulses in noble gases,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 053814 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Kim, A. J. Taylor, J. H. Glownia, and G. Rodriguez, “Coherent control of terahertz supercontinuum generation in ultrafast laser-gas interactions,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 605–609 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. V. Fedotov, A. B. Fedotov, P. A. Zhokhov, A. A. Lanin, A. D. Savvin, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Parametric transformation and spectral shaping of supercontinuum by high-intensity femtosecond laser pulses,” JETP Lett. 88(3), 157–159 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Special 30th anniversary feature: sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE LEOS Newsletter 21, 17–35 (2007).

2006 (2)

K. Wang, L. Qian, H. Luo, P. Yuan, and H. Zhu, “Ultrabroad supercontinuum generation by femtosecond dual-wavelength pumping in sapphire,” Opt. Express 14(13), 6366–6371 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(2), 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

M. Balu, J. Hales, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “White-light continuum Z-scan technique for nonlinear materials characterization,” Opt. Express 12(16), 3820–3826 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

M. Kolesik, G. Katona, J. V. Moloney, and E. M. Wright, “Physical factors limiting the spectral extent and band gap dependence of supercontinuum generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(4), 043905 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, D. Mondelain, S. Niedermeier, J. Yu, J.-P. Wolf, Y.-B. André, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, M. Rodriguez, H. Wille, and L. Wöste, “Infrared extension of the super continuum generated by femtosecond terawatt laser pulses propagating in the atmosphere,” Opt. Lett. 25(18), 1397–1399 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

A. Brodeur and S. L. Chin, “Band-gap dependence of the ultrafast white-light continuum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80(20), 4406–4409 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

P. B. Corkum and C. Rolland, “Femtosecond continua produced in gases,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25(12), 2634–2639 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

P. B. Corkum, C. Rolland, and T. Srinivasan-Rao, “Supercontinuum generation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57(18), 2268–2271 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1984 (1)

G. Yang and Y. R. Shen, “Spectral broadening of ultrashort pulses in a nonlinear medium,” Opt. Lett. 9(11), 510–512 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1970 (1)

R. R. Alfano and S. L. Shapiro, “Observation of self-phase modulation and small-scale filaments in crystals and glasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24(11), 592–594 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Aközbek, N.

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(2), 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alfano, R. R.

R. R. Alfano and S. L. Shapiro, “Observation of self-phase modulation and small-scale filaments in crystals and glasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24(11), 592–594 (1970).
[CrossRef]

André, Y.-B.

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, D. Mondelain, S. Niedermeier, J. Yu, J.-P. Wolf, Y.-B. André, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, M. Rodriguez, H. Wille, and L. Wöste, “Infrared extension of the super continuum generated by femtosecond terawatt laser pulses propagating in the atmosphere,” Opt. Lett. 25(18), 1397–1399 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Azarm, A.

Y. Kamali, J.-F. Daigle, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, A. Azarm, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. C. Lessard, F. Lessard, G. Roy, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Remote sensing of trace methane using mobile femtosecond laser system of T&T Lab,” Opt. Commun. 282(10), 2062–2065 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Balu, M.

M. Balu, L. A. Padilha, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, S. Yao, K. Belfield, S. Zheng, S. Barlow, and S. Marder, “Broadband Z-Scan characterization using a high-spectral-irradiance, high-quality supercontinuum: erratum,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(8), 1663 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Balu, L. A. Padilha, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, S. Yao, K. Belfield, S. Zheng, S. Barlow, and S. Marder, “Broadband Z-Scan characterization using a high-spectral-irradiance, high-quality supercontinuum,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(2), 159–165 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Balu, J. Hales, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “White-light continuum Z-scan technique for nonlinear materials characterization,” Opt. Express 12(16), 3820–3826 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barlow, S.

M. Balu, L. A. Padilha, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, S. Yao, K. Belfield, S. Zheng, S. Barlow, and S. Marder, “Broadband Z-Scan characterization using a high-spectral-irradiance, high-quality supercontinuum: erratum,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(8), 1663 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Balu, L. A. Padilha, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, S. Yao, K. Belfield, S. Zheng, S. Barlow, and S. Marder, “Broadband Z-Scan characterization using a high-spectral-irradiance, high-quality supercontinuum,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(2), 159–165 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Barnwal, S.

A. S. Joshi, P. A. Naik, S. Barnwal, Y. B. S. R. Prasad, and P. D. Gupta, “A novel technique for measurement of self-generated magnetic fields and the plasma density in laser produced plasmas from the Faraday rotation using two color probes,” Opt. Commun. 283(23), 4713–4716 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Becker, A.

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(2), 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Belfield, K.

M. Balu, L. A. Padilha, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, S. Yao, K. Belfield, S. Zheng, S. Barlow, and S. Marder, “Broadband Z-Scan characterization using a high-spectral-irradiance, high-quality supercontinuum: erratum,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(8), 1663 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Balu, L. A. Padilha, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, S. Yao, K. Belfield, S. Zheng, S. Barlow, and S. Marder, “Broadband Z-Scan characterization using a high-spectral-irradiance, high-quality supercontinuum,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(2), 159–165 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Brantley, C.

J. H. Kim, M. K. Chen, C.-E. Yang, J. Lee, K. Shi, Z. Liu, S. S. Yin, K. Reichard, P. Ruffin, E. Edwards, C. Brantley, and C. Luo, “Broadband supercontinuum generation covering UV to mid-IR region by using three pumping sources in single crystal sapphire fiber,” Opt. Express 16(19), 14792–14800 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brodeur, A.

A. Brodeur and S. L. Chin, “Band-gap dependence of the ultrafast white-light continuum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80(20), 4406–4409 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chakraborty, H.

A. Couairon, H. Chakraborty, and M. B. Gaarde, “From single-cycle self-compressed filaments to isolated attosecond pulses in noble gases,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 053814 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Châteauneuf, M.

Y. Kamali, J.-F. Daigle, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, A. Azarm, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. C. Lessard, F. Lessard, G. Roy, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Remote sensing of trace methane using mobile femtosecond laser system of T&T Lab,” Opt. Commun. 282(10), 2062–2065 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, M. K.

J. H. Kim, M. K. Chen, C.-E. Yang, J. Lee, K. Shi, Z. Liu, S. S. Yin, K. Reichard, P. Ruffin, E. Edwards, C. Brantley, and C. Luo, “Broadband supercontinuum generation covering UV to mid-IR region by using three pumping sources in single crystal sapphire fiber,” Opt. Express 16(19), 14792–14800 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.

Y. Kamali, J.-F. Daigle, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, A. Azarm, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. C. Lessard, F. Lessard, G. Roy, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Remote sensing of trace methane using mobile femtosecond laser system of T&T Lab,” Opt. Commun. 282(10), 2062–2065 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z.

C. Xiong, Z. Chen, and W. J. Wadsworth, “Dual-wavelength-pumped supercontinuum generation in an all-fiber device,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(11), 1638–1643 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chin, S. L.

Y. Kamali, J.-F. Daigle, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, A. Azarm, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. C. Lessard, F. Lessard, G. Roy, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Remote sensing of trace methane using mobile femtosecond laser system of T&T Lab,” Opt. Commun. 282(10), 2062–2065 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(2), 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Brodeur and S. L. Chin, “Band-gap dependence of the ultrafast white-light continuum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80(20), 4406–4409 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P. B.

P. B. Corkum and C. Rolland, “Femtosecond continua produced in gases,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25(12), 2634–2639 (1989).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Corkum, C. Rolland, and T. Srinivasan-Rao, “Supercontinuum generation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57(18), 2268–2271 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Couairon, A.

A. Couairon, H. Chakraborty, and M. B. Gaarde, “From single-cycle self-compressed filaments to isolated attosecond pulses in noble gases,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 053814 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Daigle, J.-F.

Y. Kamali, J.-F. Daigle, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, A. Azarm, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. C. Lessard, F. Lessard, G. Roy, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Remote sensing of trace methane using mobile femtosecond laser system of T&T Lab,” Opt. Commun. 282(10), 2062–2065 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dubois, J.

Y. Kamali, J.-F. Daigle, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, A. Azarm, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. C. Lessard, F. Lessard, G. Roy, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Remote sensing of trace methane using mobile femtosecond laser system of T&T Lab,” Opt. Commun. 282(10), 2062–2065 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Edwards, E.

J. H. Kim, M. K. Chen, C.-E. Yang, J. Lee, K. Shi, Z. Liu, S. S. Yin, K. Reichard, P. Ruffin, E. Edwards, C. Brantley, and C. Luo, “Broadband supercontinuum generation covering UV to mid-IR region by using three pumping sources in single crystal sapphire fiber,” Opt. Express 16(19), 14792–14800 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fedotov, A. B.

I. V. Fedotov, P. A. Zhokhov, A. B. Fedotov, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Probing the ultrafast nonlinear-optical response of ionized atmospheric air by polarization-resolved four-wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. A 80(1), 015802 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. V. Fedotov, A. B. Fedotov, P. A. Zhokhov, A. A. Lanin, A. D. Savvin, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Parametric transformation and spectral shaping of supercontinuum by high-intensity femtosecond laser pulses,” JETP Lett. 88(3), 157–159 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fedotov, I. V.

I. V. Fedotov, P. A. Zhokhov, A. B. Fedotov, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Probing the ultrafast nonlinear-optical response of ionized atmospheric air by polarization-resolved four-wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. A 80(1), 015802 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. V. Fedotov, A. B. Fedotov, P. A. Zhokhov, A. A. Lanin, A. D. Savvin, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Parametric transformation and spectral shaping of supercontinuum by high-intensity femtosecond laser pulses,” JETP Lett. 88(3), 157–159 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Franco, M.

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, D. Mondelain, S. Niedermeier, J. Yu, J.-P. Wolf, Y.-B. André, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, M. Rodriguez, H. Wille, and L. Wöste, “Infrared extension of the super continuum generated by femtosecond terawatt laser pulses propagating in the atmosphere,” Opt. Lett. 25(18), 1397–1399 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gaarde, M. B.

A. Couairon, H. Chakraborty, and M. B. Gaarde, “From single-cycle self-compressed filaments to isolated attosecond pulses in noble gases,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 053814 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Glownia, J. H.

K. Y. Kim, A. J. Taylor, J. H. Glownia, and G. Rodriguez, “Coherent control of terahertz supercontinuum generation in ultrafast laser-gas interactions,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 605–609 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gupta, P. D.

A. S. Joshi, P. A. Naik, S. Barnwal, Y. B. S. R. Prasad, and P. D. Gupta, “A novel technique for measurement of self-generated magnetic fields and the plasma density in laser produced plasmas from the Faraday rotation using two color probes,” Opt. Commun. 283(23), 4713–4716 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hagan, D. J.

M. Balu, L. A. Padilha, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, S. Yao, K. Belfield, S. Zheng, S. Barlow, and S. Marder, “Broadband Z-Scan characterization using a high-spectral-irradiance, high-quality supercontinuum: erratum,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(8), 1663 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Balu, L. A. Padilha, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, S. Yao, K. Belfield, S. Zheng, S. Barlow, and S. Marder, “Broadband Z-Scan characterization using a high-spectral-irradiance, high-quality supercontinuum,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(2), 159–165 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Special 30th anniversary feature: sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE LEOS Newsletter 21, 17–35 (2007).

M. Balu, J. Hales, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “White-light continuum Z-scan technique for nonlinear materials characterization,” Opt. Express 12(16), 3820–3826 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Hales, J.

M. Balu, J. Hales, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “White-light continuum Z-scan technique for nonlinear materials characterization,” Opt. Express 12(16), 3820–3826 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jalali, B.

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, and B. Jalali, “Active control of rogue waves for stimulated supercontinuum generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(23), 233902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Joshi, A. S.

A. S. Joshi, P. A. Naik, S. Barnwal, Y. B. S. R. Prasad, and P. D. Gupta, “A novel technique for measurement of self-generated magnetic fields and the plasma density in laser produced plasmas from the Faraday rotation using two color probes,” Opt. Commun. 283(23), 4713–4716 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kamali, Y.

Y. Kamali, J.-F. Daigle, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, A. Azarm, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. C. Lessard, F. Lessard, G. Roy, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Remote sensing of trace methane using mobile femtosecond laser system of T&T Lab,” Opt. Commun. 282(10), 2062–2065 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kasparian, J.

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, D. Mondelain, S. Niedermeier, J. Yu, J.-P. Wolf, Y.-B. André, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, M. Rodriguez, H. Wille, and L. Wöste, “Infrared extension of the super continuum generated by femtosecond terawatt laser pulses propagating in the atmosphere,” Opt. Lett. 25(18), 1397–1399 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Katona, G.

M. Kolesik, G. Katona, J. V. Moloney, and E. M. Wright, “Physical factors limiting the spectral extent and band gap dependence of supercontinuum generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(4), 043905 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, J. H.

J. H. Kim, M. K. Chen, C.-E. Yang, J. Lee, K. Shi, Z. Liu, S. S. Yin, K. Reichard, P. Ruffin, E. Edwards, C. Brantley, and C. Luo, “Broadband supercontinuum generation covering UV to mid-IR region by using three pumping sources in single crystal sapphire fiber,” Opt. Express 16(19), 14792–14800 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, K. Y.

K. Y. Kim, A. J. Taylor, J. H. Glownia, and G. Rodriguez, “Coherent control of terahertz supercontinuum generation in ultrafast laser-gas interactions,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 605–609 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kolesik, M.

M. Kolesik, G. Katona, J. V. Moloney, and E. M. Wright, “Physical factors limiting the spectral extent and band gap dependence of supercontinuum generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(4), 043905 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lanin, A. A.

I. V. Fedotov, A. B. Fedotov, P. A. Zhokhov, A. A. Lanin, A. D. Savvin, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Parametric transformation and spectral shaping of supercontinuum by high-intensity femtosecond laser pulses,” JETP Lett. 88(3), 157–159 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

J. H. Kim, M. K. Chen, C.-E. Yang, J. Lee, K. Shi, Z. Liu, S. S. Yin, K. Reichard, P. Ruffin, E. Edwards, C. Brantley, and C. Luo, “Broadband supercontinuum generation covering UV to mid-IR region by using three pumping sources in single crystal sapphire fiber,” Opt. Express 16(19), 14792–14800 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lessard, F.

Y. Kamali, J.-F. Daigle, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, A. Azarm, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. C. Lessard, F. Lessard, G. Roy, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Remote sensing of trace methane using mobile femtosecond laser system of T&T Lab,” Opt. Commun. 282(10), 2062–2065 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lessard, S. C.

Y. Kamali, J.-F. Daigle, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, A. Azarm, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. C. Lessard, F. Lessard, G. Roy, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Remote sensing of trace methane using mobile femtosecond laser system of T&T Lab,” Opt. Commun. 282(10), 2062–2065 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, C. S.

C. S. Liu, V. B. Pathak, and V. K. Tripathi, “Cross-phase modulation between lasers in a tunnel ionizing gas,” Phys. Plasmas 16(5), 053102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W.

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(2), 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, Z.

J. H. Kim, M. K. Chen, C.-E. Yang, J. Lee, K. Shi, Z. Liu, S. S. Yin, K. Reichard, P. Ruffin, E. Edwards, C. Brantley, and C. Luo, “Broadband supercontinuum generation covering UV to mid-IR region by using three pumping sources in single crystal sapphire fiber,” Opt. Express 16(19), 14792–14800 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luo, C.

J. H. Kim, M. K. Chen, C.-E. Yang, J. Lee, K. Shi, Z. Liu, S. S. Yin, K. Reichard, P. Ruffin, E. Edwards, C. Brantley, and C. Luo, “Broadband supercontinuum generation covering UV to mid-IR region by using three pumping sources in single crystal sapphire fiber,” Opt. Express 16(19), 14792–14800 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luo, H.

K. Wang, L. Qian, H. Luo, P. Yuan, and H. Zhu, “Ultrabroad supercontinuum generation by femtosecond dual-wavelength pumping in sapphire,” Opt. Express 14(13), 6366–6371 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marceau, C.

Y. Kamali, J.-F. Daigle, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, A. Azarm, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. C. Lessard, F. Lessard, G. Roy, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Remote sensing of trace methane using mobile femtosecond laser system of T&T Lab,” Opt. Commun. 282(10), 2062–2065 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Marder, S.

M. Balu, L. A. Padilha, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, S. Yao, K. Belfield, S. Zheng, S. Barlow, and S. Marder, “Broadband Z-Scan characterization using a high-spectral-irradiance, high-quality supercontinuum: erratum,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(8), 1663 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Balu, L. A. Padilha, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, S. Yao, K. Belfield, S. Zheng, S. Barlow, and S. Marder, “Broadband Z-Scan characterization using a high-spectral-irradiance, high-quality supercontinuum,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(2), 159–165 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Moloney, J. V.

M. Kolesik, G. Katona, J. V. Moloney, and E. M. Wright, “Physical factors limiting the spectral extent and band gap dependence of supercontinuum generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(4), 043905 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mondelain, D.

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, D. Mondelain, S. Niedermeier, J. Yu, J.-P. Wolf, Y.-B. André, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, M. Rodriguez, H. Wille, and L. Wöste, “Infrared extension of the super continuum generated by femtosecond terawatt laser pulses propagating in the atmosphere,” Opt. Lett. 25(18), 1397–1399 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mysyrowicz, A.

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, D. Mondelain, S. Niedermeier, J. Yu, J.-P. Wolf, Y.-B. André, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, M. Rodriguez, H. Wille, and L. Wöste, “Infrared extension of the super continuum generated by femtosecond terawatt laser pulses propagating in the atmosphere,” Opt. Lett. 25(18), 1397–1399 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Naik, P. A.

A. S. Joshi, P. A. Naik, S. Barnwal, Y. B. S. R. Prasad, and P. D. Gupta, “A novel technique for measurement of self-generated magnetic fields and the plasma density in laser produced plasmas from the Faraday rotation using two color probes,” Opt. Commun. 283(23), 4713–4716 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Niedermeier, S.

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, D. Mondelain, S. Niedermeier, J. Yu, J.-P. Wolf, Y.-B. André, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, M. Rodriguez, H. Wille, and L. Wöste, “Infrared extension of the super continuum generated by femtosecond terawatt laser pulses propagating in the atmosphere,” Opt. Lett. 25(18), 1397–1399 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Padilha, L. A.

M. Balu, L. A. Padilha, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, S. Yao, K. Belfield, S. Zheng, S. Barlow, and S. Marder, “Broadband Z-Scan characterization using a high-spectral-irradiance, high-quality supercontinuum: erratum,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(8), 1663 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Balu, L. A. Padilha, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, S. Yao, K. Belfield, S. Zheng, S. Barlow, and S. Marder, “Broadband Z-Scan characterization using a high-spectral-irradiance, high-quality supercontinuum,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(2), 159–165 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pathak, V. B.

C. S. Liu, V. B. Pathak, and V. K. Tripathi, “Cross-phase modulation between lasers in a tunnel ionizing gas,” Phys. Plasmas 16(5), 053102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Petersen, P. B.

P. B. Petersen and A. Tokmakoff, “Source for ultrafast continuum infrared and terahertz radiation,” Opt. Lett. 35(12), 1962–1964 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prade, B.

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, D. Mondelain, S. Niedermeier, J. Yu, J.-P. Wolf, Y.-B. André, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, M. Rodriguez, H. Wille, and L. Wöste, “Infrared extension of the super continuum generated by femtosecond terawatt laser pulses propagating in the atmosphere,” Opt. Lett. 25(18), 1397–1399 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Prasad, Y. B. S. R.

A. S. Joshi, P. A. Naik, S. Barnwal, Y. B. S. R. Prasad, and P. D. Gupta, “A novel technique for measurement of self-generated magnetic fields and the plasma density in laser produced plasmas from the Faraday rotation using two color probes,” Opt. Commun. 283(23), 4713–4716 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Qian, L.

K. Wang, L. Qian, H. Luo, P. Yuan, and H. Zhu, “Ultrabroad supercontinuum generation by femtosecond dual-wavelength pumping in sapphire,” Opt. Express 14(13), 6366–6371 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reichard, K.

J. H. Kim, M. K. Chen, C.-E. Yang, J. Lee, K. Shi, Z. Liu, S. S. Yin, K. Reichard, P. Ruffin, E. Edwards, C. Brantley, and C. Luo, “Broadband supercontinuum generation covering UV to mid-IR region by using three pumping sources in single crystal sapphire fiber,” Opt. Express 16(19), 14792–14800 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rodriguez, G.

K. Y. Kim, A. J. Taylor, J. H. Glownia, and G. Rodriguez, “Coherent control of terahertz supercontinuum generation in ultrafast laser-gas interactions,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 605–609 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez, M.

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, D. Mondelain, S. Niedermeier, J. Yu, J.-P. Wolf, Y.-B. André, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, M. Rodriguez, H. Wille, and L. Wöste, “Infrared extension of the super continuum generated by femtosecond terawatt laser pulses propagating in the atmosphere,” Opt. Lett. 25(18), 1397–1399 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rolland, C.

P. B. Corkum and C. Rolland, “Femtosecond continua produced in gases,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25(12), 2634–2639 (1989).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Corkum, C. Rolland, and T. Srinivasan-Rao, “Supercontinuum generation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57(18), 2268–2271 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ropers, C.

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, and B. Jalali, “Active control of rogue waves for stimulated supercontinuum generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(23), 233902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roy, G.

Y. Kamali, J.-F. Daigle, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, A. Azarm, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. C. Lessard, F. Lessard, G. Roy, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Remote sensing of trace methane using mobile femtosecond laser system of T&T Lab,” Opt. Commun. 282(10), 2062–2065 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ruffin, P.

J. H. Kim, M. K. Chen, C.-E. Yang, J. Lee, K. Shi, Z. Liu, S. S. Yin, K. Reichard, P. Ruffin, E. Edwards, C. Brantley, and C. Luo, “Broadband supercontinuum generation covering UV to mid-IR region by using three pumping sources in single crystal sapphire fiber,” Opt. Express 16(19), 14792–14800 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Said, A. A.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Special 30th anniversary feature: sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE LEOS Newsletter 21, 17–35 (2007).

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sauerbrey, R.

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, D. Mondelain, S. Niedermeier, J. Yu, J.-P. Wolf, Y.-B. André, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, M. Rodriguez, H. Wille, and L. Wöste, “Infrared extension of the super continuum generated by femtosecond terawatt laser pulses propagating in the atmosphere,” Opt. Lett. 25(18), 1397–1399 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Savvin, A. D.

I. V. Fedotov, A. B. Fedotov, P. A. Zhokhov, A. A. Lanin, A. D. Savvin, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Parametric transformation and spectral shaping of supercontinuum by high-intensity femtosecond laser pulses,” JETP Lett. 88(3), 157–159 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shapiro, S. L.

R. R. Alfano and S. L. Shapiro, “Observation of self-phase modulation and small-scale filaments in crystals and glasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24(11), 592–594 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Sheik-Bahae, M.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Special 30th anniversary feature: sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE LEOS Newsletter 21, 17–35 (2007).

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y. R.

G. Yang and Y. R. Shen, “Spectral broadening of ultrashort pulses in a nonlinear medium,” Opt. Lett. 9(11), 510–512 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shi, K.

J. H. Kim, M. K. Chen, C.-E. Yang, J. Lee, K. Shi, Z. Liu, S. S. Yin, K. Reichard, P. Ruffin, E. Edwards, C. Brantley, and C. Luo, “Broadband supercontinuum generation covering UV to mid-IR region by using three pumping sources in single crystal sapphire fiber,” Opt. Express 16(19), 14792–14800 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Solli, D. R.

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, and B. Jalali, “Active control of rogue waves for stimulated supercontinuum generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(23), 233902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Srinivasan-Rao, T.

P. B. Corkum, C. Rolland, and T. Srinivasan-Rao, “Supercontinuum generation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57(18), 2268–2271 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taylor, A. J.

K. Y. Kim, A. J. Taylor, J. H. Glownia, and G. Rodriguez, “Coherent control of terahertz supercontinuum generation in ultrafast laser-gas interactions,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 605–609 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Théberge, F.

Y. Kamali, J.-F. Daigle, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, A. Azarm, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. C. Lessard, F. Lessard, G. Roy, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Remote sensing of trace methane using mobile femtosecond laser system of T&T Lab,” Opt. Commun. 282(10), 2062–2065 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(2), 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tokmakoff, A.

P. B. Petersen and A. Tokmakoff, “Source for ultrafast continuum infrared and terahertz radiation,” Opt. Lett. 35(12), 1962–1964 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tripathi, V. K.

C. S. Liu, V. B. Pathak, and V. K. Tripathi, “Cross-phase modulation between lasers in a tunnel ionizing gas,” Phys. Plasmas 16(5), 053102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tzortzakis, S.

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, D. Mondelain, S. Niedermeier, J. Yu, J.-P. Wolf, Y.-B. André, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, M. Rodriguez, H. Wille, and L. Wöste, “Infrared extension of the super continuum generated by femtosecond terawatt laser pulses propagating in the atmosphere,” Opt. Lett. 25(18), 1397–1399 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Van Stryland, E. W.

M. Balu, L. A. Padilha, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, S. Yao, K. Belfield, S. Zheng, S. Barlow, and S. Marder, “Broadband Z-Scan characterization using a high-spectral-irradiance, high-quality supercontinuum: erratum,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(8), 1663 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Balu, L. A. Padilha, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, S. Yao, K. Belfield, S. Zheng, S. Barlow, and S. Marder, “Broadband Z-Scan characterization using a high-spectral-irradiance, high-quality supercontinuum,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(2), 159–165 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Special 30th anniversary feature: sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE LEOS Newsletter 21, 17–35 (2007).

M. Balu, J. Hales, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “White-light continuum Z-scan technique for nonlinear materials characterization,” Opt. Express 12(16), 3820–3826 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Wadsworth, W. J.

C. Xiong, Z. Chen, and W. J. Wadsworth, “Dual-wavelength-pumped supercontinuum generation in an all-fiber device,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(11), 1638–1643 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, K.

K. Wang, L. Qian, H. Luo, P. Yuan, and H. Zhu, “Ultrabroad supercontinuum generation by femtosecond dual-wavelength pumping in sapphire,” Opt. Express 14(13), 6366–6371 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wei, T. H.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Special 30th anniversary feature: sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE LEOS Newsletter 21, 17–35 (2007).

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Wille, H.

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, D. Mondelain, S. Niedermeier, J. Yu, J.-P. Wolf, Y.-B. André, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, M. Rodriguez, H. Wille, and L. Wöste, “Infrared extension of the super continuum generated by femtosecond terawatt laser pulses propagating in the atmosphere,” Opt. Lett. 25(18), 1397–1399 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, J.-P.

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, D. Mondelain, S. Niedermeier, J. Yu, J.-P. Wolf, Y.-B. André, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, M. Rodriguez, H. Wille, and L. Wöste, “Infrared extension of the super continuum generated by femtosecond terawatt laser pulses propagating in the atmosphere,” Opt. Lett. 25(18), 1397–1399 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wöste, L.

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, D. Mondelain, S. Niedermeier, J. Yu, J.-P. Wolf, Y.-B. André, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, M. Rodriguez, H. Wille, and L. Wöste, “Infrared extension of the super continuum generated by femtosecond terawatt laser pulses propagating in the atmosphere,” Opt. Lett. 25(18), 1397–1399 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wright, E. M.

M. Kolesik, G. Katona, J. V. Moloney, and E. M. Wright, “Physical factors limiting the spectral extent and band gap dependence of supercontinuum generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(4), 043905 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xiong, C.

C. Xiong, Z. Chen, and W. J. Wadsworth, “Dual-wavelength-pumped supercontinuum generation in an all-fiber device,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(11), 1638–1643 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, C.-E.

J. H. Kim, M. K. Chen, C.-E. Yang, J. Lee, K. Shi, Z. Liu, S. S. Yin, K. Reichard, P. Ruffin, E. Edwards, C. Brantley, and C. Luo, “Broadband supercontinuum generation covering UV to mid-IR region by using three pumping sources in single crystal sapphire fiber,” Opt. Express 16(19), 14792–14800 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, G.

G. Yang and Y. R. Shen, “Spectral broadening of ultrashort pulses in a nonlinear medium,” Opt. Lett. 9(11), 510–512 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yao, S.

M. Balu, L. A. Padilha, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, S. Yao, K. Belfield, S. Zheng, S. Barlow, and S. Marder, “Broadband Z-Scan characterization using a high-spectral-irradiance, high-quality supercontinuum: erratum,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(8), 1663 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Balu, L. A. Padilha, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, S. Yao, K. Belfield, S. Zheng, S. Barlow, and S. Marder, “Broadband Z-Scan characterization using a high-spectral-irradiance, high-quality supercontinuum,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(2), 159–165 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yin, S. S.

J. H. Kim, M. K. Chen, C.-E. Yang, J. Lee, K. Shi, Z. Liu, S. S. Yin, K. Reichard, P. Ruffin, E. Edwards, C. Brantley, and C. Luo, “Broadband supercontinuum generation covering UV to mid-IR region by using three pumping sources in single crystal sapphire fiber,” Opt. Express 16(19), 14792–14800 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, J.

J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, D. Mondelain, S. Niedermeier, J. Yu, J.-P. Wolf, Y.-B. André, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, M. Rodriguez, H. Wille, and L. Wöste, “Infrared extension of the super continuum generated by femtosecond terawatt laser pulses propagating in the atmosphere,” Opt. Lett. 25(18), 1397–1399 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, P.

K. Wang, L. Qian, H. Luo, P. Yuan, and H. Zhu, “Ultrabroad supercontinuum generation by femtosecond dual-wavelength pumping in sapphire,” Opt. Express 14(13), 6366–6371 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zheltikov, A. M.

I. V. Fedotov, P. A. Zhokhov, A. B. Fedotov, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Probing the ultrafast nonlinear-optical response of ionized atmospheric air by polarization-resolved four-wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. A 80(1), 015802 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. V. Fedotov, A. B. Fedotov, P. A. Zhokhov, A. A. Lanin, A. D. Savvin, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Parametric transformation and spectral shaping of supercontinuum by high-intensity femtosecond laser pulses,” JETP Lett. 88(3), 157–159 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, S.

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M. Balu, L. A. Padilha, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, S. Yao, K. Belfield, S. Zheng, S. Barlow, and S. Marder, “Broadband Z-Scan characterization using a high-spectral-irradiance, high-quality supercontinuum,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(2), 159–165 (2008).
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Zhokhov, P. A.

I. V. Fedotov, P. A. Zhokhov, A. B. Fedotov, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Probing the ultrafast nonlinear-optical response of ionized atmospheric air by polarization-resolved four-wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. A 80(1), 015802 (2009).
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I. V. Fedotov, A. B. Fedotov, P. A. Zhokhov, A. A. Lanin, A. D. Savvin, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Parametric transformation and spectral shaping of supercontinuum by high-intensity femtosecond laser pulses,” JETP Lett. 88(3), 157–159 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, H.

K. Wang, L. Qian, H. Luo, P. Yuan, and H. Zhu, “Ultrabroad supercontinuum generation by femtosecond dual-wavelength pumping in sapphire,” Opt. Express 14(13), 6366–6371 (2006).
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IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

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[CrossRef]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE LEOS Newsletter (1)

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Special 30th anniversary feature: sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE LEOS Newsletter 21, 17–35 (2007).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

C. Xiong, Z. Chen, and W. J. Wadsworth, “Dual-wavelength-pumped supercontinuum generation in an all-fiber device,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(11), 1638–1643 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

M. Balu, L. A. Padilha, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, S. Yao, K. Belfield, S. Zheng, S. Barlow, and S. Marder, “Broadband Z-Scan characterization using a high-spectral-irradiance, high-quality supercontinuum,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(2), 159–165 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Balu, L. A. Padilha, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, S. Yao, K. Belfield, S. Zheng, S. Barlow, and S. Marder, “Broadband Z-Scan characterization using a high-spectral-irradiance, high-quality supercontinuum: erratum,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(8), 1663 (2009).
[CrossRef]

JETP Lett. (1)

I. V. Fedotov, A. B. Fedotov, P. A. Zhokhov, A. A. Lanin, A. D. Savvin, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Parametric transformation and spectral shaping of supercontinuum by high-intensity femtosecond laser pulses,” JETP Lett. 88(3), 157–159 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

K. Y. Kim, A. J. Taylor, J. H. Glownia, and G. Rodriguez, “Coherent control of terahertz supercontinuum generation in ultrafast laser-gas interactions,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 605–609 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

A. S. Joshi, P. A. Naik, S. Barnwal, Y. B. S. R. Prasad, and P. D. Gupta, “A novel technique for measurement of self-generated magnetic fields and the plasma density in laser produced plasmas from the Faraday rotation using two color probes,” Opt. Commun. 283(23), 4713–4716 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kamali, J.-F. Daigle, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, A. Azarm, Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. C. Lessard, F. Lessard, G. Roy, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, “Remote sensing of trace methane using mobile femtosecond laser system of T&T Lab,” Opt. Commun. 282(10), 2062–2065 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Balu, J. Hales, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “White-light continuum Z-scan technique for nonlinear materials characterization,” Opt. Express 12(16), 3820–3826 (2004).
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C. S. Liu, V. B. Pathak, and V. K. Tripathi, “Cross-phase modulation between lasers in a tunnel ionizing gas,” Phys. Plasmas 16(5), 053102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

I. V. Fedotov, P. A. Zhokhov, A. B. Fedotov, and A. M. Zheltikov, “Probing the ultrafast nonlinear-optical response of ionized atmospheric air by polarization-resolved four-wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. A 80(1), 015802 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, H. Chakraborty, and M. B. Gaarde, “From single-cycle self-compressed filaments to isolated attosecond pulses in noble gases,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 053814 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental configuration of seeded WLC.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Comparison of spectral output energy density of unseeded WLC (closed black squares) with seeded WLC (closed red circles) using (a) 600 nm seed and (b) 1300 nm seed of energy 1 µJ and pump energy of ~0.4 mJ. The dark green vertical line in (a) represents the 600 nm seed bandwidth and in (b) the 1300 nm seed bandwidth. The magenta horizontal dotted line denotes the typical energy density necessary to perform nonlinear optical characterizations using methods such as the WLC Z-Scan. The vertical shaded area in both figures represents wavelengths cut off by the 780 nm notch filter. The inset of (a) plotted on a log scale shows the spectral extension of the WLC on the Stokes side of the pump frequency, and the inset of (b) plotted on a log scale shows modest enhancement and broadening around the 1300 nm seed wavelength.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectral energy density map of the WLC spectra at different seed pulse wavelengths. The figure on the right shows the top view of the spectrum and the figure on the left shows the side view. The area labeled “experimental gap” represents seed wavelengths that could not be utilized due to either the broad reflective bandwidth of the dichroic mirror or insufficient energy output of the OPA. The vertical gray dotted line represents unmeasured spectral regions that were inaccessible due to the cutoff of the 780 nm notch filter.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Energy within an 8 nm FWHM bandwidth centered at 532 nm using seed pulses at 600 nm and 1300 nm versus time delay between the pump and seed pulse, and (b) differential spectral energy density map of WLC spectrum using a fixed 600 nm seed and recording the temporal behavior of the white-light spectrum at different time delays between pump and seed pulses. The large shaded area, labeled “experimental gap”, in (b) represents spectral regions that could not be measured due to the cutoff of the 780 nm notch filter. The small shaded area represents the 600 nm seed bandwidth.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Output energy at 532 ± 4 nm as a function of seed pulse energy at 600 nm. The inset shows the first four data points of Fig. 5. Enhancement was observed with a seed pulse energy less than 10 nJ. An aperture was used to observe the energy confined in the single filament WLC as opposed to any possible scattered radiation from the seed-plasma interaction. Note that the lowest energy data point in both graphs corresponds to the unseeded WLC.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Output WLC energy density for different seed wavelengths. The unseeded output WLC energy density is given in parenthesis for comparison. In the case of “Total WLC Energy”, the seed pulse energy (~1 µJ) transmitted in the absence of the pump (~0.4 mJ) was subtracted from the total reading.

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