Abstract

The majority of the applications of ultrashort laser pulses require a control of its spectral bandwidth. In this paper we show the capability of volume phase holographic gratings recorded in photopolymerizable glasses for spectral pulse reshaping of ultrashort laser pulses originated in an Amplified Ti: Sapphire laser system and its second harmonic. Gratings with high laser induce damage threshold (LIDT) allowing wide spectral bandwidth operability satisfy these demands. We have performed LIDT testing in the photopolymerizable glass showing that the sample remains unaltered after more than 10 million pulses with 0,75 TW/cm2 at 1 KHz repetition rate. Furthermore, it has been developed a theoretical model, as an extension of the Kogelnik’s theory, providing key gratings design for bandwidth operability. The main features of the diffracted beams are in agreement with the model, showing that non-linear effects are negligible in this material up to the fluence threshold for laser induced damage. The high versatility of the grating design along with the excellent LIDT indicates that this material is a promising candidate for ultrashort laser pulses manipulations.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  22. M. L. Calvo and P. Cheben, “Photopolymerizable sol–gel nanocomposites for holographic recording,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 11(2), 1–11 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  23. O. Martínez-Matos, J. A. Rodrigo, M. L. Calvo, and P. Cheben, “Polarization and phase-shift properties of high spatial frequency holographic gratings in a photopolymerizable glass,” Opt. Lett. 34(4), 485–487 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  28. A. C. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, “Short-Pulse Laser Damage in Transparent Materials as a Function of Pulse Duration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(19), 3883–3886 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (2)

O. Martínez-Matos, J. A. Rodrigo, M. P. Hernández-Garay, J. G. Izquierdo, R. Weigand, M. L. Calvo, P. Cheben, P. Vaveliuk, and L. Bañares, “Generation of femtosecond paraxial beams with arbitrary spatial distribution,” Opt. Lett. 35(5), 652–654 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Li, H. Xiong, and Y. Tang, “Study on the laser-induced damage threshold of sol-gel ZO2-PVP coating,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 8(2), 241–243 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

A. Villamarín, J. Atencia, M. V. Collados, and M. Quintanilla, “Characterization of transmission volume holographic gratings recorded in Slavich PFG04 dichromated gelatin plates,” Appl. Opt. 48(22), 4348–4353 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. L. Calvo and P. Cheben, “Photopolymerizable sol–gel nanocomposites for holographic recording,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 11(2), 1–11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. Martínez-Matos, J. A. Rodrigo, M. L. Calvo, and P. Cheben, “Polarization and phase-shift properties of high spatial frequency holographic gratings in a photopolymerizable glass,” Opt. Lett. 34(4), 485–487 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 219–225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

O. Martínez-Matos, M. L. Calvo, J. A. Rodrigo, P. Cheben, and F. del Monte, “Diffusion study in tailored gratings recorded in photopolymer glass with high refractive index species,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(14), 1411151–1411153 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

P. Rambo, J. Schwarz, and I. Smith, “Development of a mirror backed volume phase grating with potential for large aperture and high damage threshold,” Opt. Commun. 260(2), 403–414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. del Monte, O. Martínez-Matos, J. A. Rodrigo, M. L. Calvo, and P. Cheben, “A Volume Holographic Sol-Gel Material with Large Enhancement of Dynamic Range by Incorporation of High Refractive Index Species,” Adv. Mater. 18(15), 2014–2017 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

K. Bezuhanov, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, M. G. Schätzel, and H. Walther, “Vortices in femtosecond laser fields,” Opt. Lett. 29(16), 1942–1944 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. V. Andreeva, V. G. Bespalov, V. N. Vasil’ev, A. A. Gorodetskiî, A. P. Kushnarenko, G. V. Lukomskiî, and A. A. Paramonov, “Investigation of the spectral selectivity of volume holograms with femtosecond pulsed radiation,” Opt. Spect. 96(2), 157–162 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

P. Cheben and M. L. Calvo, “A photopolymerizable glass with diffraction efficiency near 100% for holographic storage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(11), 1490–1492 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. B. Schaffer, A. Brodeur, and E. Mazur, “Laser-induced breakdown and damage in bulk transparent materials induced by tightly-focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12(11), 1784–1794 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

A. C. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, “Short-Pulse Laser Damage in Transparent Materials as a Function of Pulse Duration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(19), 3883–3886 (1999).
[CrossRef]

O. M. Efimov, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, K. C. Richardson, and V. I. Smirnov, “High-efficiency bragg gratings in photothermorefractive glass,” Appl. Opt. 38(4), 619–627 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

B. W. Shore, M. D. Perry, J. A. Britten, R. D. Boyd, M. D. Feit, H. T. Nguyen, R. Chow, G. E. Loomis, and L. Li, “Design of high-efficiency dielectric reflection gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14(5), 1124–1136 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(4), 1749–1761 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

M. D. Perry, R. D. Boyd, J. A. Britten, D. Decker, B. W. Shore, C. Shannon, and E. Shults, “High-efficiency multilayer dielectric diffraction gratings,” Opt. Lett. 20(8), 940–942 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1978 (1)

M. G. Moharam and L. Young, “Criterion for Bragg and Raman-Nath diffraction regimes,” Appl. Opt. 17(11), 1757–1759 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1969 (1)

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled Wave Theory for Thick Hologram Gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).

Andreeva, O. V.

O. V. Andreeva, V. G. Bespalov, V. N. Vasil’ev, A. A. Gorodetskiî, A. P. Kushnarenko, G. V. Lukomskiî, and A. A. Paramonov, “Investigation of the spectral selectivity of volume holograms with femtosecond pulsed radiation,” Opt. Spect. 96(2), 157–162 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Atencia, J.

A. Villamarín, J. Atencia, M. V. Collados, and M. Quintanilla, “Characterization of transmission volume holographic gratings recorded in Slavich PFG04 dichromated gelatin plates,” Appl. Opt. 48(22), 4348–4353 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Backus, S.

A. C. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, “Short-Pulse Laser Damage in Transparent Materials as a Function of Pulse Duration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(19), 3883–3886 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bañares, L.

O. Martínez-Matos, J. A. Rodrigo, M. P. Hernández-Garay, J. G. Izquierdo, R. Weigand, M. L. Calvo, P. Cheben, P. Vaveliuk, and L. Bañares, “Generation of femtosecond paraxial beams with arbitrary spatial distribution,” Opt. Lett. 35(5), 652–654 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bespalov, V. G.

O. V. Andreeva, V. G. Bespalov, V. N. Vasil’ev, A. A. Gorodetskiî, A. P. Kushnarenko, G. V. Lukomskiî, and A. A. Paramonov, “Investigation of the spectral selectivity of volume holograms with femtosecond pulsed radiation,” Opt. Spect. 96(2), 157–162 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bezuhanov, K.

K. Bezuhanov, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, M. G. Schätzel, and H. Walther, “Vortices in femtosecond laser fields,” Opt. Lett. 29(16), 1942–1944 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boyd, R. D.

B. W. Shore, M. D. Perry, J. A. Britten, R. D. Boyd, M. D. Feit, H. T. Nguyen, R. Chow, G. E. Loomis, and L. Li, “Design of high-efficiency dielectric reflection gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14(5), 1124–1136 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Perry, R. D. Boyd, J. A. Britten, D. Decker, B. W. Shore, C. Shannon, and E. Shults, “High-efficiency multilayer dielectric diffraction gratings,” Opt. Lett. 20(8), 940–942 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Britten, J. A.

B. W. Shore, M. D. Perry, J. A. Britten, R. D. Boyd, M. D. Feit, H. T. Nguyen, R. Chow, G. E. Loomis, and L. Li, “Design of high-efficiency dielectric reflection gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14(5), 1124–1136 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Perry, R. D. Boyd, J. A. Britten, D. Decker, B. W. Shore, C. Shannon, and E. Shults, “High-efficiency multilayer dielectric diffraction gratings,” Opt. Lett. 20(8), 940–942 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brodeur, A.

C. B. Schaffer, A. Brodeur, and E. Mazur, “Laser-induced breakdown and damage in bulk transparent materials induced by tightly-focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12(11), 1784–1794 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Calvo, M. L.

O. Martínez-Matos, J. A. Rodrigo, M. P. Hernández-Garay, J. G. Izquierdo, R. Weigand, M. L. Calvo, P. Cheben, P. Vaveliuk, and L. Bañares, “Generation of femtosecond paraxial beams with arbitrary spatial distribution,” Opt. Lett. 35(5), 652–654 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Martínez-Matos, J. A. Rodrigo, M. L. Calvo, and P. Cheben, “Polarization and phase-shift properties of high spatial frequency holographic gratings in a photopolymerizable glass,” Opt. Lett. 34(4), 485–487 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. L. Calvo and P. Cheben, “Photopolymerizable sol–gel nanocomposites for holographic recording,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 11(2), 1–11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. Martínez-Matos, M. L. Calvo, J. A. Rodrigo, P. Cheben, and F. del Monte, “Diffusion study in tailored gratings recorded in photopolymer glass with high refractive index species,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(14), 1411151–1411153 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. del Monte, O. Martínez-Matos, J. A. Rodrigo, M. L. Calvo, and P. Cheben, “A Volume Holographic Sol-Gel Material with Large Enhancement of Dynamic Range by Incorporation of High Refractive Index Species,” Adv. Mater. 18(15), 2014–2017 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Cheben and M. L. Calvo, “A photopolymerizable glass with diffraction efficiency near 100% for holographic storage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(11), 1490–1492 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cheben, P.

O. Martínez-Matos, J. A. Rodrigo, M. P. Hernández-Garay, J. G. Izquierdo, R. Weigand, M. L. Calvo, P. Cheben, P. Vaveliuk, and L. Bañares, “Generation of femtosecond paraxial beams with arbitrary spatial distribution,” Opt. Lett. 35(5), 652–654 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Martínez-Matos, J. A. Rodrigo, M. L. Calvo, and P. Cheben, “Polarization and phase-shift properties of high spatial frequency holographic gratings in a photopolymerizable glass,” Opt. Lett. 34(4), 485–487 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. L. Calvo and P. Cheben, “Photopolymerizable sol–gel nanocomposites for holographic recording,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 11(2), 1–11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. Martínez-Matos, M. L. Calvo, J. A. Rodrigo, P. Cheben, and F. del Monte, “Diffusion study in tailored gratings recorded in photopolymer glass with high refractive index species,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(14), 1411151–1411153 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. del Monte, O. Martínez-Matos, J. A. Rodrigo, M. L. Calvo, and P. Cheben, “A Volume Holographic Sol-Gel Material with Large Enhancement of Dynamic Range by Incorporation of High Refractive Index Species,” Adv. Mater. 18(15), 2014–2017 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Cheben and M. L. Calvo, “A photopolymerizable glass with diffraction efficiency near 100% for holographic storage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(11), 1490–1492 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chow, R.

B. W. Shore, M. D. Perry, J. A. Britten, R. D. Boyd, M. D. Feit, H. T. Nguyen, R. Chow, G. E. Loomis, and L. Li, “Design of high-efficiency dielectric reflection gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14(5), 1124–1136 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Collados, M. V.

A. Villamarín, J. Atencia, M. V. Collados, and M. Quintanilla, “Characterization of transmission volume holographic gratings recorded in Slavich PFG04 dichromated gelatin plates,” Appl. Opt. 48(22), 4348–4353 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Decker, D.

M. D. Perry, R. D. Boyd, J. A. Britten, D. Decker, B. W. Shore, C. Shannon, and E. Shults, “High-efficiency multilayer dielectric diffraction gratings,” Opt. Lett. 20(8), 940–942 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

del Monte, F.

O. Martínez-Matos, M. L. Calvo, J. A. Rodrigo, P. Cheben, and F. del Monte, “Diffusion study in tailored gratings recorded in photopolymer glass with high refractive index species,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(14), 1411151–1411153 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. del Monte, O. Martínez-Matos, J. A. Rodrigo, M. L. Calvo, and P. Cheben, “A Volume Holographic Sol-Gel Material with Large Enhancement of Dynamic Range by Incorporation of High Refractive Index Species,” Adv. Mater. 18(15), 2014–2017 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dreischuh, A.

K. Bezuhanov, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, M. G. Schätzel, and H. Walther, “Vortices in femtosecond laser fields,” Opt. Lett. 29(16), 1942–1944 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Efimov, O. M.

O. M. Efimov, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, K. C. Richardson, and V. I. Smirnov, “High-efficiency bragg gratings in photothermorefractive glass,” Appl. Opt. 38(4), 619–627 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Feit, M. D.

B. W. Shore, M. D. Perry, J. A. Britten, R. D. Boyd, M. D. Feit, H. T. Nguyen, R. Chow, G. E. Loomis, and L. Li, “Design of high-efficiency dielectric reflection gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14(5), 1124–1136 (1997).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(4), 1749–1761 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gattass, R. R.

R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 219–225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Glebov, L. B.

O. M. Efimov, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, K. C. Richardson, and V. I. Smirnov, “High-efficiency bragg gratings in photothermorefractive glass,” Appl. Opt. 38(4), 619–627 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Glebova, L. N.

O. M. Efimov, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, K. C. Richardson, and V. I. Smirnov, “High-efficiency bragg gratings in photothermorefractive glass,” Appl. Opt. 38(4), 619–627 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gorodetskiî, A. A.

O. V. Andreeva, V. G. Bespalov, V. N. Vasil’ev, A. A. Gorodetskiî, A. P. Kushnarenko, G. V. Lukomskiî, and A. A. Paramonov, “Investigation of the spectral selectivity of volume holograms with femtosecond pulsed radiation,” Opt. Spect. 96(2), 157–162 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Herman, S.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(4), 1749–1761 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hernández-Garay, M. P.

O. Martínez-Matos, J. A. Rodrigo, M. P. Hernández-Garay, J. G. Izquierdo, R. Weigand, M. L. Calvo, P. Cheben, P. Vaveliuk, and L. Bañares, “Generation of femtosecond paraxial beams with arbitrary spatial distribution,” Opt. Lett. 35(5), 652–654 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Izquierdo, J. G.

O. Martínez-Matos, J. A. Rodrigo, M. P. Hernández-Garay, J. G. Izquierdo, R. Weigand, M. L. Calvo, P. Cheben, P. Vaveliuk, and L. Bañares, “Generation of femtosecond paraxial beams with arbitrary spatial distribution,” Opt. Lett. 35(5), 652–654 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kapteyn, H.

A. C. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, “Short-Pulse Laser Damage in Transparent Materials as a Function of Pulse Duration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(19), 3883–3886 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled Wave Theory for Thick Hologram Gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).

Kushnarenko, A. P.

O. V. Andreeva, V. G. Bespalov, V. N. Vasil’ev, A. A. Gorodetskiî, A. P. Kushnarenko, G. V. Lukomskiî, and A. A. Paramonov, “Investigation of the spectral selectivity of volume holograms with femtosecond pulsed radiation,” Opt. Spect. 96(2), 157–162 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

H. Li, H. Xiong, and Y. Tang, “Study on the laser-induced damage threshold of sol-gel ZO2-PVP coating,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 8(2), 241–243 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, L.

B. W. Shore, M. D. Perry, J. A. Britten, R. D. Boyd, M. D. Feit, H. T. Nguyen, R. Chow, G. E. Loomis, and L. Li, “Design of high-efficiency dielectric reflection gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14(5), 1124–1136 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Loomis, G. E.

B. W. Shore, M. D. Perry, J. A. Britten, R. D. Boyd, M. D. Feit, H. T. Nguyen, R. Chow, G. E. Loomis, and L. Li, “Design of high-efficiency dielectric reflection gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14(5), 1124–1136 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lukomskiî, G. V.

O. V. Andreeva, V. G. Bespalov, V. N. Vasil’ev, A. A. Gorodetskiî, A. P. Kushnarenko, G. V. Lukomskiî, and A. A. Paramonov, “Investigation of the spectral selectivity of volume holograms with femtosecond pulsed radiation,” Opt. Spect. 96(2), 157–162 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Martínez-Matos, O.

O. Martínez-Matos, J. A. Rodrigo, M. P. Hernández-Garay, J. G. Izquierdo, R. Weigand, M. L. Calvo, P. Cheben, P. Vaveliuk, and L. Bañares, “Generation of femtosecond paraxial beams with arbitrary spatial distribution,” Opt. Lett. 35(5), 652–654 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Martínez-Matos, J. A. Rodrigo, M. L. Calvo, and P. Cheben, “Polarization and phase-shift properties of high spatial frequency holographic gratings in a photopolymerizable glass,” Opt. Lett. 34(4), 485–487 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Martínez-Matos, M. L. Calvo, J. A. Rodrigo, P. Cheben, and F. del Monte, “Diffusion study in tailored gratings recorded in photopolymer glass with high refractive index species,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(14), 1411151–1411153 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. del Monte, O. Martínez-Matos, J. A. Rodrigo, M. L. Calvo, and P. Cheben, “A Volume Holographic Sol-Gel Material with Large Enhancement of Dynamic Range by Incorporation of High Refractive Index Species,” Adv. Mater. 18(15), 2014–2017 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mazur, E.

R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 219–225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. B. Schaffer, A. Brodeur, and E. Mazur, “Laser-induced breakdown and damage in bulk transparent materials induced by tightly-focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12(11), 1784–1794 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Moharam, M. G.

M. G. Moharam and L. Young, “Criterion for Bragg and Raman-Nath diffraction regimes,” Appl. Opt. 17(11), 1757–1759 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mourou, G.

A. C. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, “Short-Pulse Laser Damage in Transparent Materials as a Function of Pulse Duration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(19), 3883–3886 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M.

A. C. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, “Short-Pulse Laser Damage in Transparent Materials as a Function of Pulse Duration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(19), 3883–3886 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, H. T.

B. W. Shore, M. D. Perry, J. A. Britten, R. D. Boyd, M. D. Feit, H. T. Nguyen, R. Chow, G. E. Loomis, and L. Li, “Design of high-efficiency dielectric reflection gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14(5), 1124–1136 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Paramonov, A. A.

O. V. Andreeva, V. G. Bespalov, V. N. Vasil’ev, A. A. Gorodetskiî, A. P. Kushnarenko, G. V. Lukomskiî, and A. A. Paramonov, “Investigation of the spectral selectivity of volume holograms with femtosecond pulsed radiation,” Opt. Spect. 96(2), 157–162 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Paulus, G. G.

K. Bezuhanov, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, M. G. Schätzel, and H. Walther, “Vortices in femtosecond laser fields,” Opt. Lett. 29(16), 1942–1944 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Perry, M. D.

B. W. Shore, M. D. Perry, J. A. Britten, R. D. Boyd, M. D. Feit, H. T. Nguyen, R. Chow, G. E. Loomis, and L. Li, “Design of high-efficiency dielectric reflection gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14(5), 1124–1136 (1997).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(4), 1749–1761 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Perry, R. D. Boyd, J. A. Britten, D. Decker, B. W. Shore, C. Shannon, and E. Shults, “High-efficiency multilayer dielectric diffraction gratings,” Opt. Lett. 20(8), 940–942 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Quintanilla, M.

A. Villamarín, J. Atencia, M. V. Collados, and M. Quintanilla, “Characterization of transmission volume holographic gratings recorded in Slavich PFG04 dichromated gelatin plates,” Appl. Opt. 48(22), 4348–4353 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rambo, P.

P. Rambo, J. Schwarz, and I. Smith, “Development of a mirror backed volume phase grating with potential for large aperture and high damage threshold,” Opt. Commun. 260(2), 403–414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, K. C.

O. M. Efimov, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, K. C. Richardson, and V. I. Smirnov, “High-efficiency bragg gratings in photothermorefractive glass,” Appl. Opt. 38(4), 619–627 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rodrigo, J. A.

O. Martínez-Matos, J. A. Rodrigo, M. P. Hernández-Garay, J. G. Izquierdo, R. Weigand, M. L. Calvo, P. Cheben, P. Vaveliuk, and L. Bañares, “Generation of femtosecond paraxial beams with arbitrary spatial distribution,” Opt. Lett. 35(5), 652–654 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Martínez-Matos, J. A. Rodrigo, M. L. Calvo, and P. Cheben, “Polarization and phase-shift properties of high spatial frequency holographic gratings in a photopolymerizable glass,” Opt. Lett. 34(4), 485–487 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Martínez-Matos, M. L. Calvo, J. A. Rodrigo, P. Cheben, and F. del Monte, “Diffusion study in tailored gratings recorded in photopolymer glass with high refractive index species,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(14), 1411151–1411153 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. del Monte, O. Martínez-Matos, J. A. Rodrigo, M. L. Calvo, and P. Cheben, “A Volume Holographic Sol-Gel Material with Large Enhancement of Dynamic Range by Incorporation of High Refractive Index Species,” Adv. Mater. 18(15), 2014–2017 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rubenchik, A. M.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(4), 1749–1761 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schaffer, C. B.

C. B. Schaffer, A. Brodeur, and E. Mazur, “Laser-induced breakdown and damage in bulk transparent materials induced by tightly-focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12(11), 1784–1794 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schätzel, M. G.

K. Bezuhanov, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, M. G. Schätzel, and H. Walther, “Vortices in femtosecond laser fields,” Opt. Lett. 29(16), 1942–1944 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schwarz, J.

P. Rambo, J. Schwarz, and I. Smith, “Development of a mirror backed volume phase grating with potential for large aperture and high damage threshold,” Opt. Commun. 260(2), 403–414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shannon, C.

M. D. Perry, R. D. Boyd, J. A. Britten, D. Decker, B. W. Shore, C. Shannon, and E. Shults, “High-efficiency multilayer dielectric diffraction gratings,” Opt. Lett. 20(8), 940–942 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shore, B. W.

B. W. Shore, M. D. Perry, J. A. Britten, R. D. Boyd, M. D. Feit, H. T. Nguyen, R. Chow, G. E. Loomis, and L. Li, “Design of high-efficiency dielectric reflection gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14(5), 1124–1136 (1997).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(4), 1749–1761 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Perry, R. D. Boyd, J. A. Britten, D. Decker, B. W. Shore, C. Shannon, and E. Shults, “High-efficiency multilayer dielectric diffraction gratings,” Opt. Lett. 20(8), 940–942 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shults, E.

M. D. Perry, R. D. Boyd, J. A. Britten, D. Decker, B. W. Shore, C. Shannon, and E. Shults, “High-efficiency multilayer dielectric diffraction gratings,” Opt. Lett. 20(8), 940–942 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smirnov, V. I.

O. M. Efimov, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, K. C. Richardson, and V. I. Smirnov, “High-efficiency bragg gratings in photothermorefractive glass,” Appl. Opt. 38(4), 619–627 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Smith, I.

P. Rambo, J. Schwarz, and I. Smith, “Development of a mirror backed volume phase grating with potential for large aperture and high damage threshold,” Opt. Commun. 260(2), 403–414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Stuart, B. C.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(4), 1749–1761 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tang, Y.

H. Li, H. Xiong, and Y. Tang, “Study on the laser-induced damage threshold of sol-gel ZO2-PVP coating,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 8(2), 241–243 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tien, A. C.

A. C. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, “Short-Pulse Laser Damage in Transparent Materials as a Function of Pulse Duration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(19), 3883–3886 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vasil’ev, V. N.

O. V. Andreeva, V. G. Bespalov, V. N. Vasil’ev, A. A. Gorodetskiî, A. P. Kushnarenko, G. V. Lukomskiî, and A. A. Paramonov, “Investigation of the spectral selectivity of volume holograms with femtosecond pulsed radiation,” Opt. Spect. 96(2), 157–162 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vaveliuk, P.

O. Martínez-Matos, J. A. Rodrigo, M. P. Hernández-Garay, J. G. Izquierdo, R. Weigand, M. L. Calvo, P. Cheben, P. Vaveliuk, and L. Bañares, “Generation of femtosecond paraxial beams with arbitrary spatial distribution,” Opt. Lett. 35(5), 652–654 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Villamarín, A.

A. Villamarín, J. Atencia, M. V. Collados, and M. Quintanilla, “Characterization of transmission volume holographic gratings recorded in Slavich PFG04 dichromated gelatin plates,” Appl. Opt. 48(22), 4348–4353 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walther, H.

K. Bezuhanov, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, M. G. Schätzel, and H. Walther, “Vortices in femtosecond laser fields,” Opt. Lett. 29(16), 1942–1944 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weigand, R.

O. Martínez-Matos, J. A. Rodrigo, M. P. Hernández-Garay, J. G. Izquierdo, R. Weigand, M. L. Calvo, P. Cheben, P. Vaveliuk, and L. Bañares, “Generation of femtosecond paraxial beams with arbitrary spatial distribution,” Opt. Lett. 35(5), 652–654 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xiong, H.

H. Li, H. Xiong, and Y. Tang, “Study on the laser-induced damage threshold of sol-gel ZO2-PVP coating,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 8(2), 241–243 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Young, L.

M. G. Moharam and L. Young, “Criterion for Bragg and Raman-Nath diffraction regimes,” Appl. Opt. 17(11), 1757–1759 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (1)

F. del Monte, O. Martínez-Matos, J. A. Rodrigo, M. L. Calvo, and P. Cheben, “A Volume Holographic Sol-Gel Material with Large Enhancement of Dynamic Range by Incorporation of High Refractive Index Species,” Adv. Mater. 18(15), 2014–2017 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

M. G. Moharam and L. Young, “Criterion for Bragg and Raman-Nath diffraction regimes,” Appl. Opt. 17(11), 1757–1759 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Villamarín, J. Atencia, M. V. Collados, and M. Quintanilla, “Characterization of transmission volume holographic gratings recorded in Slavich PFG04 dichromated gelatin plates,” Appl. Opt. 48(22), 4348–4353 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. M. Efimov, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, K. C. Richardson, and V. I. Smirnov, “High-efficiency bragg gratings in photothermorefractive glass,” Appl. Opt. 38(4), 619–627 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

P. Cheben and M. L. Calvo, “A photopolymerizable glass with diffraction efficiency near 100% for holographic storage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(11), 1490–1492 (2001).
[CrossRef]

O. Martínez-Matos, M. L. Calvo, J. A. Rodrigo, P. Cheben, and F. del Monte, “Diffusion study in tailored gratings recorded in photopolymer glass with high refractive index species,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(14), 1411151–1411153 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

H. Kogelnik, “Coupled Wave Theory for Thick Hologram Gratings,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909–2947 (1969).

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

H. Li, H. Xiong, and Y. Tang, “Study on the laser-induced damage threshold of sol-gel ZO2-PVP coating,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 8(2), 241–243 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

M. L. Calvo and P. Cheben, “Photopolymerizable sol–gel nanocomposites for holographic recording,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 11(2), 1–11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

B. W. Shore, M. D. Perry, J. A. Britten, R. D. Boyd, M. D. Feit, H. T. Nguyen, R. Chow, G. E. Loomis, and L. Li, “Design of high-efficiency dielectric reflection gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14(5), 1124–1136 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

C. B. Schaffer, A. Brodeur, and E. Mazur, “Laser-induced breakdown and damage in bulk transparent materials induced by tightly-focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12(11), 1784–1794 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

R. R. Gattass and E. Mazur, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 219–225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

P. Rambo, J. Schwarz, and I. Smith, “Development of a mirror backed volume phase grating with potential for large aperture and high damage threshold,” Opt. Commun. 260(2), 403–414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

M. D. Perry, R. D. Boyd, J. A. Britten, D. Decker, B. W. Shore, C. Shannon, and E. Shults, “High-efficiency multilayer dielectric diffraction gratings,” Opt. Lett. 20(8), 940–942 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Bezuhanov, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, M. G. Schätzel, and H. Walther, “Vortices in femtosecond laser fields,” Opt. Lett. 29(16), 1942–1944 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Martínez-Matos, J. A. Rodrigo, M. P. Hernández-Garay, J. G. Izquierdo, R. Weigand, M. L. Calvo, P. Cheben, P. Vaveliuk, and L. Bañares, “Generation of femtosecond paraxial beams with arbitrary spatial distribution,” Opt. Lett. 35(5), 652–654 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Martínez-Matos, J. A. Rodrigo, M. L. Calvo, and P. Cheben, “Polarization and phase-shift properties of high spatial frequency holographic gratings in a photopolymerizable glass,” Opt. Lett. 34(4), 485–487 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Spect. (1)

O. V. Andreeva, V. G. Bespalov, V. N. Vasil’ev, A. A. Gorodetskiî, A. P. Kushnarenko, G. V. Lukomskiî, and A. A. Paramonov, “Investigation of the spectral selectivity of volume holograms with femtosecond pulsed radiation,” Opt. Spect. 96(2), 157–162 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter (1)

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, S. Herman, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, “Nanosecond-to-femtosecond laser-induced breakdown in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(4), 1749–1761 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

A. C. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, “Short-Pulse Laser Damage in Transparent Materials as a Function of Pulse Duration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(19), 3883–3886 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other (8)

E. A. Bahaa Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamental of Photonics, (John Wiley & Sons eds., USA, 2007), Chap.22.

M. Andrew, Weiner, Ultrafast Optics (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, New Jersey, USA, 2009).

R. Kashyap, Fiber Bragg Gratings (Elsevier, USA, 1999).

W. Wilson, A. Hoskins, M. Ayres, A. Hill, and K. Curtis, Introduction to Holographic Data Recording, in Holographic Data Storage: From Theory to Practical Systems, K. Curtis, L. Dhar, A. Hill, W. Wilson and M. Ayres, eds., (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK., 2010).

M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, and G. Sucha, eds., Ultrafast Lasers Technology and Applications, (Marcel Dekker Inc. New York, USA, 2003).

C. E. Webb, and J. D. C. Jones, Handbook of Laser Technology and Applications (Institute of Physic publishing, USA, 2004), Chap. 2.3.5. See also: Handbook of Optics (McGraw-Hill Co. Third Ed., Vol. II, 2010), Chap. 20.

F. C. De Schryver, S. De Feyter, and G. Schweitzer, eds., Femtochemistry, (Wiley-VCH GmbH, Weinheim, Germany, 2001).

H. Ahmed, Zewail, Physical Biology from Atoms to Medicine (Imperial College Press, London, UK, 2008).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Spectrum conservation of the incoming pulse: (a) Normalized spectral intensity of the fundamental emission (black line) and the diffracted pulse (dotted curve) of the ATLS system impinging Grating 1; (b) Normalized spectral intensity of the SH emission of the ATLS system (black line) and the diffracted intensity originated by Grating 2 (dotted curve). Fitting for both spectra (red lines) has been performed using Eq. (8). Grating parameters are displayed on Table 1.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Angular selectivity curves corresponding to Grating 1 (a) and 2 (b) for illumination with the fundamental emission of the ATLS system and its second harmonic, respectively. Red lines are the fitting using Eq. (9) and parameters on Table 1.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Normalized spectral intensity of the fundamental emission (black line) and the diffracted pulses (dotted lines) of the ATLS system impinging Grating 3 at different incident angles, (θi = 51.62°, λi = 784.0 nm), (θi = 52.31°, λi = 791.3 nm) and (θi = 53.48°, λi = 803.7 nm); (b) Normalized spectral intensity of the SH emission of the ATLS system (black line) and the diffracted beams (dotted lines) by Grating 4 at different incident angles (θi = 32.14°, λi = 399.0 nm), (θi = 32.35°, λi = 401.3 nm), (θi = 32.56°, λi = 403.6 nm). The color lines are the theoretical fits using Eq. (8) and the grating parameters are displayed on Table 1.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Angular selectivity curves corresponding to Grating 3 (a) and 4 (b) for illumination with the fundamental emission of the ATLS system and its second harmonic, respectively. Red lines are the fitting using Eq. (9) and parameters on Table 1.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Optical setup for laser induced damage threshold procedure. DF is a variable neutral density filter to provide energy control, (L) is a fused silica plano-convex lens with f = 100 cm and Φ = 1 inch, d is the distance between the lens and the grating (60 cm). The measurements were carried out with a two-channel photodetector to collect the total transmitted (TP) and diffracted (DP) power.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Dependence of the Diffraction Efficiency on time exposition changing the incidence energy for each VPHG.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Photograph of the laser induced damage in the photopolymerizable glass. (b) A section of enlarged image of the damaged area with an optical microscope (10x) enhancing the details of the formation of a dark spot and the heat expansion.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Gratings parameters

Equations (10)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Q = 2 π λ c T n 0 Λ 2 ,
ϑ ( θ i , λ ) = 2 π sin θ ( θ i , λ ) Λ π λ n 0 ( λ ) Λ 2 .
η ( θ i , λ ) = sin 2 [ ν ( θ i , λ ) 2 + ξ ( θ i , λ ) 2 ] 1 + ξ ( θ i , λ ) 2 ν ( θ i , λ ) 2 ,
ν ( θ i , λ ) = π Δ n T λ cos θ ( θ i , λ ) ,
ξ ( θ i , λ ) = ϑ ( θ i , λ ) T 2 cos θ ( θ i , λ ) ,
Δ λ G = λ c λ m = 3 2 Λ T ( 2 n ( λ c ) Λ ) 2 λ c 2 .
Δ λ G 2 3 π λ c Q ,
I D ( θ i , λ ) = g ( λ ) η ( θ i , λ ) ,
η T ( θ i ) = 0 g ( λ ) η ( θ i , λ ) d λ 0 g ( λ ) d λ .
η [ θ i ( λ i ) ] = b ​   g ( λ i ) 0 g ( λ ) d λ .

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