Abstract

High-quality monoclinic planar waveguide crystals of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2 codoped with Gd3+ and Lu3+ were grown by liquid-phase epitaxy. For the first time, planar waveguide lasing was demonstrated in a monolithic cavity in the 2 µm spectral range. The laser was operated in the Q-switched mode using a Cr2+:ZnSe crystal as saturable absorber and in the continuous-wave regimes. The Q-switched planar waveguide laser delivered pulse energies up to 120 nJ at a repetition rate of 7 kHz.

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  1. A. Godard, “Infrared (2–12 μm) solid-state laser sources: a review,” C. R. Phys. 8(10), 1100–1128 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Eichhorn, “Quasi-three-level solid state lasers in the near and mid infrared based on trivalent rare earth ions,” Appl. Phys. B 93(2-3), 269–316 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. C. Honea, R. J. Beach, S. B. Sutton, J. A. Speth, S. C. Mitchell, J. A. Skidmore, M. A. Emanuel, and S. A. Payne, “115-W Tm:YAG Diode-Pumped Solid-State Laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(9), 1592–1600 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. X. M. Duan, B. Q. Yao, Y. J. Zhang, C. W. Song, L. L. Zheng, Y. L. Ju, and Y. Z. Wang, “Diode-pumped high efficient Tm:YLF laser output at 1908 nm with near-diffraction limited beam quality,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(5), 347–349 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Hauglie-Hanssen and N. Djeu, “Further investigations of a 2-µm Tm:YVO4 laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(2), 275–279 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  6. V. Petrov, F. Güell, J. Massons, J. Gavalda, R. M. Solé, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, and U. Griebner, “Efficient tunable laser operation of Tm:KGd(WO4)2 in the continuous-wave regime at room temperature,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(9), 1244–1251 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2-μm continuous wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, O. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Díaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. Galán, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2 µm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. L. E. Batay, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, A. N. Titov, M. Mond, and S. Kuck, “Efficient tunable laser operation of diode-pumped Yb, Tm:KY(WO4)2 around 1.9 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 75(4-5), 457–461 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. E. Troshin, V. E. Kisel, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, E. B. Dunina, and A. A. Kornienko, “Laser performance of Tm:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (TOPS) 98, Advanced Solid-State Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC 2005), pp. 214–218.
  12. S. Vatnik, I. Vedin, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Thin disk Tm-laser based on highly doped Tm:KLu(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epitaxy,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(6), 435–439 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  13. O. Silvestre, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “CW laser operation of KLu0.945Tm0.055(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epilayers near 2-µm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 257–260 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 µm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(16), 2926–2928 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Pollnau, Y. E. Romanyuk, F. Gardillou, C. N. Borca, U. Griebner, S. Rivier, and V. Petrov, “Double tungstate lasers: From bulk toward on-chip integrated waveguide devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 661–671 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. Y. E. Romanyuk, C. N. Borca, M. Pollnau, S. Rivier, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Yb-doped KY(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(1), 53–55 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. D. Geskus, S. Aravazhi, E. Bernhardi, C. Grivas, S. Harkema, K. Hametner, D. Günther, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, “Low-threshold highly efficient Gd3+, Lu3+ co-doped KY(WO4)2:Yb3+ planar waveguide laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(11), 800–805 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  18. F. M. Bain, A. A. Lagatsky, S. V. Kurilchick, V. E. Kisel, S. A. Guretsky, A. M. Luginets, N. A. Kalanda, I. M. Kolesova, N. V. Kuleshov, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, “Continuous-wave and Q-switched operation of a compact, diode-pumped Yb3+:KY(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1666–1670 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. A. Rameix, C. Borel, B. Chambaz, B. Ferrand, D. P. Shepherd, T. J. Warburton, D. C. Hanna, and A. C. Tropper, “An efficient, diode-pumped, 2 µm Tm:YAG waveguide laser,” Opt. Commun. 142(4-6), 239–243 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  20. J. I. Mackenzie, S. C. Mitchell, R. J. Beach, H. E. Meissner, and D. P. Shepherd, “15 W diode-side-pumped Tm:YAG waveguide laser at 2 µm,” Electron. Lett. 37(14), 898–899 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  21. S. Rivier, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, Y. E. Romanyuk, C. N. Borca, F. Gardillou, and M. Pollnau, “Tm:KY(WO(4))(2) waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 15(9), 5885–5892 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. J. J. Carvajal, B. Raghothamachar, O. Silvestre, H. Chen, M. C. Pujol, V. Petrov, M. Dudley, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Effect of structural stress on the laser quality of highly doped Yb:KY(WO4)2/KY(WO4)2 and Yb:KLu(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epitaxial structures,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(2), 653–656 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  23. F. Gardillou, Y. E. Romanyuk, C. N. Borca, R. P. Salathé, and M. Pollnau, “Lu, Gd codoped KY(WO(4))(2):Yb epitaxial layers: towards integrated optics based on KY(WO(4))(2).,” Opt. Lett. 32(5), 488–490 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial growth of lattice matched KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 thin films on KY(WO4)2 substrates for waveguiding applications,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(8), 3525–3531 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  25. W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, N. Thilmann, V. Pasiskevicius, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial layers of KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 doped with Er3+ and Tm3+ for planar waveguide lasers,” Opt. Mater. 32(3), 469–474 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  26. W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Monoclinic double tungstate lattice matched epitaxial layers for integrated optics applications,” Phys. Proc. 8, 151–156 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2010

S. Vatnik, I. Vedin, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Thin disk Tm-laser based on highly doped Tm:KLu(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epitaxy,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(6), 435–439 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, N. Thilmann, V. Pasiskevicius, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial layers of KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 doped with Er3+ and Tm3+ for planar waveguide lasers,” Opt. Mater. 32(3), 469–474 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Monoclinic double tungstate lattice matched epitaxial layers for integrated optics applications,” Phys. Proc. 8, 151–156 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

J. J. Carvajal, B. Raghothamachar, O. Silvestre, H. Chen, M. C. Pujol, V. Petrov, M. Dudley, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Effect of structural stress on the laser quality of highly doped Yb:KY(WO4)2/KY(WO4)2 and Yb:KLu(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epitaxial structures,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(2), 653–656 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial growth of lattice matched KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 thin films on KY(WO4)2 substrates for waveguiding applications,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(8), 3525–3531 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Geskus, S. Aravazhi, E. Bernhardi, C. Grivas, S. Harkema, K. Hametner, D. Günther, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, “Low-threshold highly efficient Gd3+, Lu3+ co-doped KY(WO4)2:Yb3+ planar waveguide laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(11), 800–805 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. M. Bain, A. A. Lagatsky, S. V. Kurilchick, V. E. Kisel, S. A. Guretsky, A. M. Luginets, N. A. Kalanda, I. M. Kolesova, N. V. Kuleshov, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, “Continuous-wave and Q-switched operation of a compact, diode-pumped Yb3+:KY(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1666–1670 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

M. Eichhorn, “Quasi-three-level solid state lasers in the near and mid infrared based on trivalent rare earth ions,” Appl. Phys. B 93(2-3), 269–316 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Duan, B. Q. Yao, Y. J. Zhang, C. W. Song, L. L. Zheng, Y. L. Ju, and Y. Z. Wang, “Diode-pumped high efficient Tm:YLF laser output at 1908 nm with near-diffraction limited beam quality,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(5), 347–349 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

A. Godard, “Infrared (2–12 μm) solid-state laser sources: a review,” C. R. Phys. 8(10), 1100–1128 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, O. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Díaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. Silvestre, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “CW laser operation of KLu0.945Tm0.055(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epilayers near 2-µm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 257–260 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 µm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(16), 2926–2928 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Pollnau, Y. E. Romanyuk, F. Gardillou, C. N. Borca, U. Griebner, S. Rivier, and V. Petrov, “Double tungstate lasers: From bulk toward on-chip integrated waveguide devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 661–671 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Rivier, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, Y. E. Romanyuk, C. N. Borca, F. Gardillou, and M. Pollnau, “Tm:KY(WO(4))(2) waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 15(9), 5885–5892 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Gardillou, Y. E. Romanyuk, C. N. Borca, R. P. Salathé, and M. Pollnau, “Lu, Gd codoped KY(WO(4))(2):Yb epitaxial layers: towards integrated optics based on KY(WO(4))(2).,” Opt. Lett. 32(5), 488–490 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

Y. E. Romanyuk, C. N. Borca, M. Pollnau, S. Rivier, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Yb-doped KY(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(1), 53–55 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2-μm continuous wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. Galán, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2 µm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

V. Petrov, F. Güell, J. Massons, J. Gavalda, R. M. Solé, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, and U. Griebner, “Efficient tunable laser operation of Tm:KGd(WO4)2 in the continuous-wave regime at room temperature,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(9), 1244–1251 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002

L. E. Batay, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, A. N. Titov, M. Mond, and S. Kuck, “Efficient tunable laser operation of diode-pumped Yb, Tm:KY(WO4)2 around 1.9 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 75(4-5), 457–461 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

J. I. Mackenzie, S. C. Mitchell, R. J. Beach, H. E. Meissner, and D. P. Shepherd, “15 W diode-side-pumped Tm:YAG waveguide laser at 2 µm,” Electron. Lett. 37(14), 898–899 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997

A. Rameix, C. Borel, B. Chambaz, B. Ferrand, D. P. Shepherd, T. J. Warburton, D. C. Hanna, and A. C. Tropper, “An efficient, diode-pumped, 2 µm Tm:YAG waveguide laser,” Opt. Commun. 142(4-6), 239–243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

E. C. Honea, R. J. Beach, S. B. Sutton, J. A. Speth, S. C. Mitchell, J. A. Skidmore, M. A. Emanuel, and S. A. Payne, “115-W Tm:YAG Diode-Pumped Solid-State Laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(9), 1592–1600 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994

C. Hauglie-Hanssen and N. Djeu, “Further investigations of a 2-µm Tm:YVO4 laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(2), 275–279 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Aguiló, M.

S. Vatnik, I. Vedin, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Thin disk Tm-laser based on highly doped Tm:KLu(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epitaxy,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(6), 435–439 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Monoclinic double tungstate lattice matched epitaxial layers for integrated optics applications,” Phys. Proc. 8, 151–156 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, N. Thilmann, V. Pasiskevicius, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial layers of KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 doped with Er3+ and Tm3+ for planar waveguide lasers,” Opt. Mater. 32(3), 469–474 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial growth of lattice matched KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 thin films on KY(WO4)2 substrates for waveguiding applications,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(8), 3525–3531 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Carvajal, B. Raghothamachar, O. Silvestre, H. Chen, M. C. Pujol, V. Petrov, M. Dudley, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Effect of structural stress on the laser quality of highly doped Yb:KY(WO4)2/KY(WO4)2 and Yb:KLu(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epitaxial structures,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(2), 653–656 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, O. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Díaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. Silvestre, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “CW laser operation of KLu0.945Tm0.055(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epilayers near 2-µm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 257–260 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. Galán, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2 µm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2-μm continuous wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Petrov, F. Güell, J. Massons, J. Gavalda, R. M. Solé, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, and U. Griebner, “Efficient tunable laser operation of Tm:KGd(WO4)2 in the continuous-wave regime at room temperature,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(9), 1244–1251 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Aravazhi, S.

D. Geskus, S. Aravazhi, E. Bernhardi, C. Grivas, S. Harkema, K. Hametner, D. Günther, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, “Low-threshold highly efficient Gd3+, Lu3+ co-doped KY(WO4)2:Yb3+ planar waveguide laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(11), 800–805 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Badikov, V. V.

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 µm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(16), 2926–2928 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bain, F. M.

F. M. Bain, A. A. Lagatsky, S. V. Kurilchick, V. E. Kisel, S. A. Guretsky, A. M. Luginets, N. A. Kalanda, I. M. Kolesova, N. V. Kuleshov, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, “Continuous-wave and Q-switched operation of a compact, diode-pumped Yb3+:KY(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1666–1670 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Batay, L. E.

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 µm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(16), 2926–2928 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Batay, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, A. N. Titov, M. Mond, and S. Kuck, “Efficient tunable laser operation of diode-pumped Yb, Tm:KY(WO4)2 around 1.9 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 75(4-5), 457–461 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Beach, R. J.

J. I. Mackenzie, S. C. Mitchell, R. J. Beach, H. E. Meissner, and D. P. Shepherd, “15 W diode-side-pumped Tm:YAG waveguide laser at 2 µm,” Electron. Lett. 37(14), 898–899 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. C. Honea, R. J. Beach, S. B. Sutton, J. A. Speth, S. C. Mitchell, J. A. Skidmore, M. A. Emanuel, and S. A. Payne, “115-W Tm:YAG Diode-Pumped Solid-State Laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(9), 1592–1600 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bernhardi, E.

D. Geskus, S. Aravazhi, E. Bernhardi, C. Grivas, S. Harkema, K. Hametner, D. Günther, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, “Low-threshold highly efficient Gd3+, Lu3+ co-doped KY(WO4)2:Yb3+ planar waveguide laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(11), 800–805 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bolaños, W.

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Monoclinic double tungstate lattice matched epitaxial layers for integrated optics applications,” Phys. Proc. 8, 151–156 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, N. Thilmann, V. Pasiskevicius, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial layers of KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 doped with Er3+ and Tm3+ for planar waveguide lasers,” Opt. Mater. 32(3), 469–474 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial growth of lattice matched KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 thin films on KY(WO4)2 substrates for waveguiding applications,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(8), 3525–3531 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Borca, C. N.

S. Rivier, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, Y. E. Romanyuk, C. N. Borca, F. Gardillou, and M. Pollnau, “Tm:KY(WO(4))(2) waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 15(9), 5885–5892 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Gardillou, Y. E. Romanyuk, C. N. Borca, R. P. Salathé, and M. Pollnau, “Lu, Gd codoped KY(WO(4))(2):Yb epitaxial layers: towards integrated optics based on KY(WO(4))(2).,” Opt. Lett. 32(5), 488–490 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pollnau, Y. E. Romanyuk, F. Gardillou, C. N. Borca, U. Griebner, S. Rivier, and V. Petrov, “Double tungstate lasers: From bulk toward on-chip integrated waveguide devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 661–671 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. E. Romanyuk, C. N. Borca, M. Pollnau, S. Rivier, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Yb-doped KY(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(1), 53–55 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Borel, C.

A. Rameix, C. Borel, B. Chambaz, B. Ferrand, D. P. Shepherd, T. J. Warburton, D. C. Hanna, and A. C. Tropper, “An efficient, diode-pumped, 2 µm Tm:YAG waveguide laser,” Opt. Commun. 142(4-6), 239–243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Brown, C. T. A.

F. M. Bain, A. A. Lagatsky, S. V. Kurilchick, V. E. Kisel, S. A. Guretsky, A. M. Luginets, N. A. Kalanda, I. M. Kolesova, N. V. Kuleshov, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, “Continuous-wave and Q-switched operation of a compact, diode-pumped Yb3+:KY(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1666–1670 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carvajal, J. J.

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, N. Thilmann, V. Pasiskevicius, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial layers of KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 doped with Er3+ and Tm3+ for planar waveguide lasers,” Opt. Mater. 32(3), 469–474 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Vatnik, I. Vedin, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Thin disk Tm-laser based on highly doped Tm:KLu(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epitaxy,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(6), 435–439 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Monoclinic double tungstate lattice matched epitaxial layers for integrated optics applications,” Phys. Proc. 8, 151–156 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial growth of lattice matched KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 thin films on KY(WO4)2 substrates for waveguiding applications,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(8), 3525–3531 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Carvajal, B. Raghothamachar, O. Silvestre, H. Chen, M. C. Pujol, V. Petrov, M. Dudley, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Effect of structural stress on the laser quality of highly doped Yb:KY(WO4)2/KY(WO4)2 and Yb:KLu(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epitaxial structures,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(2), 653–656 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chambaz, B.

A. Rameix, C. Borel, B. Chambaz, B. Ferrand, D. P. Shepherd, T. J. Warburton, D. C. Hanna, and A. C. Tropper, “An efficient, diode-pumped, 2 µm Tm:YAG waveguide laser,” Opt. Commun. 142(4-6), 239–243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

J. J. Carvajal, B. Raghothamachar, O. Silvestre, H. Chen, M. C. Pujol, V. Petrov, M. Dudley, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Effect of structural stress on the laser quality of highly doped Yb:KY(WO4)2/KY(WO4)2 and Yb:KLu(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epitaxial structures,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(2), 653–656 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Demidovich, A. A.

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 µm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(16), 2926–2928 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Batay, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, A. N. Titov, M. Mond, and S. Kuck, “Efficient tunable laser operation of diode-pumped Yb, Tm:KY(WO4)2 around 1.9 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 75(4-5), 457–461 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Díaz, F.

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, N. Thilmann, V. Pasiskevicius, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial layers of KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 doped with Er3+ and Tm3+ for planar waveguide lasers,” Opt. Mater. 32(3), 469–474 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Monoclinic double tungstate lattice matched epitaxial layers for integrated optics applications,” Phys. Proc. 8, 151–156 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Vatnik, I. Vedin, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Thin disk Tm-laser based on highly doped Tm:KLu(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epitaxy,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(6), 435–439 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial growth of lattice matched KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 thin films on KY(WO4)2 substrates for waveguiding applications,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(8), 3525–3531 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Carvajal, B. Raghothamachar, O. Silvestre, H. Chen, M. C. Pujol, V. Petrov, M. Dudley, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Effect of structural stress on the laser quality of highly doped Yb:KY(WO4)2/KY(WO4)2 and Yb:KLu(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epitaxial structures,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(2), 653–656 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, O. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Díaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. Silvestre, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “CW laser operation of KLu0.945Tm0.055(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epilayers near 2-µm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 257–260 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. Galán, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2 µm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2-μm continuous wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Petrov, F. Güell, J. Massons, J. Gavalda, R. M. Solé, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, and U. Griebner, “Efficient tunable laser operation of Tm:KGd(WO4)2 in the continuous-wave regime at room temperature,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(9), 1244–1251 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Djeu, N.

C. Hauglie-Hanssen and N. Djeu, “Further investigations of a 2-µm Tm:YVO4 laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(2), 275–279 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Duan, X. M.

X. M. Duan, B. Q. Yao, Y. J. Zhang, C. W. Song, L. L. Zheng, Y. L. Ju, and Y. Z. Wang, “Diode-pumped high efficient Tm:YLF laser output at 1908 nm with near-diffraction limited beam quality,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(5), 347–349 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dudley, M.

J. J. Carvajal, B. Raghothamachar, O. Silvestre, H. Chen, M. C. Pujol, V. Petrov, M. Dudley, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Effect of structural stress on the laser quality of highly doped Yb:KY(WO4)2/KY(WO4)2 and Yb:KLu(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epitaxial structures,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(2), 653–656 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Eichhorn, M.

M. Eichhorn, “Quasi-three-level solid state lasers in the near and mid infrared based on trivalent rare earth ions,” Appl. Phys. B 93(2-3), 269–316 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Emanuel, M. A.

E. C. Honea, R. J. Beach, S. B. Sutton, J. A. Speth, S. C. Mitchell, J. A. Skidmore, M. A. Emanuel, and S. A. Payne, “115-W Tm:YAG Diode-Pumped Solid-State Laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(9), 1592–1600 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ferrand, B.

A. Rameix, C. Borel, B. Chambaz, B. Ferrand, D. P. Shepherd, T. J. Warburton, D. C. Hanna, and A. C. Tropper, “An efficient, diode-pumped, 2 µm Tm:YAG waveguide laser,” Opt. Commun. 142(4-6), 239–243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Galan, M.

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2-μm continuous wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Galán, M.

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. Galán, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2 µm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gardillou, F.

F. Gardillou, Y. E. Romanyuk, C. N. Borca, R. P. Salathé, and M. Pollnau, “Lu, Gd codoped KY(WO(4))(2):Yb epitaxial layers: towards integrated optics based on KY(WO(4))(2).,” Opt. Lett. 32(5), 488–490 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pollnau, Y. E. Romanyuk, F. Gardillou, C. N. Borca, U. Griebner, S. Rivier, and V. Petrov, “Double tungstate lasers: From bulk toward on-chip integrated waveguide devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 661–671 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Rivier, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, Y. E. Romanyuk, C. N. Borca, F. Gardillou, and M. Pollnau, “Tm:KY(WO(4))(2) waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 15(9), 5885–5892 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gavalda, J.

V. Petrov, F. Güell, J. Massons, J. Gavalda, R. M. Solé, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, and U. Griebner, “Efficient tunable laser operation of Tm:KGd(WO4)2 in the continuous-wave regime at room temperature,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(9), 1244–1251 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Geskus, D.

D. Geskus, S. Aravazhi, E. Bernhardi, C. Grivas, S. Harkema, K. Hametner, D. Günther, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, “Low-threshold highly efficient Gd3+, Lu3+ co-doped KY(WO4)2:Yb3+ planar waveguide laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(11), 800–805 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Godard, A.

A. Godard, “Infrared (2–12 μm) solid-state laser sources: a review,” C. R. Phys. 8(10), 1100–1128 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Grabtchikov, A. S.

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 µm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(16), 2926–2928 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Griebner, U.

S. Vatnik, I. Vedin, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Thin disk Tm-laser based on highly doped Tm:KLu(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epitaxy,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(6), 435–439 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, O. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Díaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Pollnau, Y. E. Romanyuk, F. Gardillou, C. N. Borca, U. Griebner, S. Rivier, and V. Petrov, “Double tungstate lasers: From bulk toward on-chip integrated waveguide devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 661–671 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. Silvestre, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “CW laser operation of KLu0.945Tm0.055(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epilayers near 2-µm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 257–260 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Rivier, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, Y. E. Romanyuk, C. N. Borca, F. Gardillou, and M. Pollnau, “Tm:KY(WO(4))(2) waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 15(9), 5885–5892 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2-μm continuous wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. E. Romanyuk, C. N. Borca, M. Pollnau, S. Rivier, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Yb-doped KY(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(1), 53–55 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. Galán, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2 µm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Petrov, F. Güell, J. Massons, J. Gavalda, R. M. Solé, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, and U. Griebner, “Efficient tunable laser operation of Tm:KGd(WO4)2 in the continuous-wave regime at room temperature,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(9), 1244–1251 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Grivas, C.

D. Geskus, S. Aravazhi, E. Bernhardi, C. Grivas, S. Harkema, K. Hametner, D. Günther, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, “Low-threshold highly efficient Gd3+, Lu3+ co-doped KY(WO4)2:Yb3+ planar waveguide laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(11), 800–805 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Güell, F.

V. Petrov, F. Güell, J. Massons, J. Gavalda, R. M. Solé, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, and U. Griebner, “Efficient tunable laser operation of Tm:KGd(WO4)2 in the continuous-wave regime at room temperature,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(9), 1244–1251 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Günther, D.

D. Geskus, S. Aravazhi, E. Bernhardi, C. Grivas, S. Harkema, K. Hametner, D. Günther, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, “Low-threshold highly efficient Gd3+, Lu3+ co-doped KY(WO4)2:Yb3+ planar waveguide laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(11), 800–805 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Guretsky, S. A.

F. M. Bain, A. A. Lagatsky, S. V. Kurilchick, V. E. Kisel, S. A. Guretsky, A. M. Luginets, N. A. Kalanda, I. M. Kolesova, N. V. Kuleshov, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, “Continuous-wave and Q-switched operation of a compact, diode-pumped Yb3+:KY(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1666–1670 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hametner, K.

D. Geskus, S. Aravazhi, E. Bernhardi, C. Grivas, S. Harkema, K. Hametner, D. Günther, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, “Low-threshold highly efficient Gd3+, Lu3+ co-doped KY(WO4)2:Yb3+ planar waveguide laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(11), 800–805 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

A. Rameix, C. Borel, B. Chambaz, B. Ferrand, D. P. Shepherd, T. J. Warburton, D. C. Hanna, and A. C. Tropper, “An efficient, diode-pumped, 2 µm Tm:YAG waveguide laser,” Opt. Commun. 142(4-6), 239–243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Harkema, S.

D. Geskus, S. Aravazhi, E. Bernhardi, C. Grivas, S. Harkema, K. Hametner, D. Günther, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, “Low-threshold highly efficient Gd3+, Lu3+ co-doped KY(WO4)2:Yb3+ planar waveguide laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(11), 800–805 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hauglie-Hanssen, C.

C. Hauglie-Hanssen and N. Djeu, “Further investigations of a 2-µm Tm:YVO4 laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(2), 275–279 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Honea, E. C.

E. C. Honea, R. J. Beach, S. B. Sutton, J. A. Speth, S. C. Mitchell, J. A. Skidmore, M. A. Emanuel, and S. A. Payne, “115-W Tm:YAG Diode-Pumped Solid-State Laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(9), 1592–1600 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ju, Y. L.

X. M. Duan, B. Q. Yao, Y. J. Zhang, C. W. Song, L. L. Zheng, Y. L. Ju, and Y. Z. Wang, “Diode-pumped high efficient Tm:YLF laser output at 1908 nm with near-diffraction limited beam quality,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(5), 347–349 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kalanda, N. A.

F. M. Bain, A. A. Lagatsky, S. V. Kurilchick, V. E. Kisel, S. A. Guretsky, A. M. Luginets, N. A. Kalanda, I. M. Kolesova, N. V. Kuleshov, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, “Continuous-wave and Q-switched operation of a compact, diode-pumped Yb3+:KY(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1666–1670 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kisel, V. E.

F. M. Bain, A. A. Lagatsky, S. V. Kurilchick, V. E. Kisel, S. A. Guretsky, A. M. Luginets, N. A. Kalanda, I. M. Kolesova, N. V. Kuleshov, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, “Continuous-wave and Q-switched operation of a compact, diode-pumped Yb3+:KY(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1666–1670 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kolesova, I. M.

F. M. Bain, A. A. Lagatsky, S. V. Kurilchick, V. E. Kisel, S. A. Guretsky, A. M. Luginets, N. A. Kalanda, I. M. Kolesova, N. V. Kuleshov, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, “Continuous-wave and Q-switched operation of a compact, diode-pumped Yb3+:KY(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1666–1670 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuck, S.

L. E. Batay, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, A. N. Titov, M. Mond, and S. Kuck, “Efficient tunable laser operation of diode-pumped Yb, Tm:KY(WO4)2 around 1.9 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 75(4-5), 457–461 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kück, S.

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 µm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(16), 2926–2928 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kuleshov, N. V.

F. M. Bain, A. A. Lagatsky, S. V. Kurilchick, V. E. Kisel, S. A. Guretsky, A. M. Luginets, N. A. Kalanda, I. M. Kolesova, N. V. Kuleshov, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, “Continuous-wave and Q-switched operation of a compact, diode-pumped Yb3+:KY(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1666–1670 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kurilchick, S. V.

F. M. Bain, A. A. Lagatsky, S. V. Kurilchick, V. E. Kisel, S. A. Guretsky, A. M. Luginets, N. A. Kalanda, I. M. Kolesova, N. V. Kuleshov, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, “Continuous-wave and Q-switched operation of a compact, diode-pumped Yb3+:KY(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1666–1670 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuzmin, A. N.

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 µm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(16), 2926–2928 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Batay, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, A. N. Titov, M. Mond, and S. Kuck, “Efficient tunable laser operation of diode-pumped Yb, Tm:KY(WO4)2 around 1.9 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 75(4-5), 457–461 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lagatsky, A. A.

F. M. Bain, A. A. Lagatsky, S. V. Kurilchick, V. E. Kisel, S. A. Guretsky, A. M. Luginets, N. A. Kalanda, I. M. Kolesova, N. V. Kuleshov, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, “Continuous-wave and Q-switched operation of a compact, diode-pumped Yb3+:KY(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1666–1670 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lifante, G.

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, N. Thilmann, V. Pasiskevicius, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial layers of KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 doped with Er3+ and Tm3+ for planar waveguide lasers,” Opt. Mater. 32(3), 469–474 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial growth of lattice matched KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 thin films on KY(WO4)2 substrates for waveguiding applications,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(8), 3525–3531 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lisinetskii, V. A.

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 µm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(16), 2926–2928 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, O. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Díaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. Galán, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2 µm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2-μm continuous wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Luginets, A. M.

F. M. Bain, A. A. Lagatsky, S. V. Kurilchick, V. E. Kisel, S. A. Guretsky, A. M. Luginets, N. A. Kalanda, I. M. Kolesova, N. V. Kuleshov, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, “Continuous-wave and Q-switched operation of a compact, diode-pumped Yb3+:KY(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1666–1670 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mackenzie, J. I.

J. I. Mackenzie, S. C. Mitchell, R. J. Beach, H. E. Meissner, and D. P. Shepherd, “15 W diode-side-pumped Tm:YAG waveguide laser at 2 µm,” Electron. Lett. 37(14), 898–899 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Massons, J.

V. Petrov, F. Güell, J. Massons, J. Gavalda, R. M. Solé, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, and U. Griebner, “Efficient tunable laser operation of Tm:KGd(WO4)2 in the continuous-wave regime at room temperature,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(9), 1244–1251 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mateos, X.

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Monoclinic double tungstate lattice matched epitaxial layers for integrated optics applications,” Phys. Proc. 8, 151–156 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Vatnik, I. Vedin, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Thin disk Tm-laser based on highly doped Tm:KLu(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epitaxy,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(6), 435–439 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, N. Thilmann, V. Pasiskevicius, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial layers of KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 doped with Er3+ and Tm3+ for planar waveguide lasers,” Opt. Mater. 32(3), 469–474 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial growth of lattice matched KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 thin films on KY(WO4)2 substrates for waveguiding applications,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(8), 3525–3531 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Rivier, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, Y. E. Romanyuk, C. N. Borca, F. Gardillou, and M. Pollnau, “Tm:KY(WO(4))(2) waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 15(9), 5885–5892 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, O. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Díaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. Silvestre, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “CW laser operation of KLu0.945Tm0.055(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epilayers near 2-µm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 257–260 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. Galán, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2 µm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2-μm continuous wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Meissner, H. E.

J. I. Mackenzie, S. C. Mitchell, R. J. Beach, H. E. Meissner, and D. P. Shepherd, “15 W diode-side-pumped Tm:YAG waveguide laser at 2 µm,” Electron. Lett. 37(14), 898–899 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mitchell, S. C.

J. I. Mackenzie, S. C. Mitchell, R. J. Beach, H. E. Meissner, and D. P. Shepherd, “15 W diode-side-pumped Tm:YAG waveguide laser at 2 µm,” Electron. Lett. 37(14), 898–899 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. C. Honea, R. J. Beach, S. B. Sutton, J. A. Speth, S. C. Mitchell, J. A. Skidmore, M. A. Emanuel, and S. A. Payne, “115-W Tm:YAG Diode-Pumped Solid-State Laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(9), 1592–1600 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mond, M.

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 µm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(16), 2926–2928 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Batay, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, A. N. Titov, M. Mond, and S. Kuck, “Efficient tunable laser operation of diode-pumped Yb, Tm:KY(WO4)2 around 1.9 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 75(4-5), 457–461 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Orlovich, V. A.

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 µm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(16), 2926–2928 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Panyutin, V. L.

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 µm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(16), 2926–2928 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pasiskevicius, V.

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, N. Thilmann, V. Pasiskevicius, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial layers of KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 doped with Er3+ and Tm3+ for planar waveguide lasers,” Opt. Mater. 32(3), 469–474 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S. A.

E. C. Honea, R. J. Beach, S. B. Sutton, J. A. Speth, S. C. Mitchell, J. A. Skidmore, M. A. Emanuel, and S. A. Payne, “115-W Tm:YAG Diode-Pumped Solid-State Laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(9), 1592–1600 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V.

S. Vatnik, I. Vedin, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Thin disk Tm-laser based on highly doped Tm:KLu(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epitaxy,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(6), 435–439 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Carvajal, B. Raghothamachar, O. Silvestre, H. Chen, M. C. Pujol, V. Petrov, M. Dudley, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Effect of structural stress on the laser quality of highly doped Yb:KY(WO4)2/KY(WO4)2 and Yb:KLu(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epitaxial structures,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(2), 653–656 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Rivier, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, Y. E. Romanyuk, C. N. Borca, F. Gardillou, and M. Pollnau, “Tm:KY(WO(4))(2) waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 15(9), 5885–5892 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, O. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Díaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. Silvestre, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “CW laser operation of KLu0.945Tm0.055(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epilayers near 2-µm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 257–260 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Pollnau, Y. E. Romanyuk, F. Gardillou, C. N. Borca, U. Griebner, S. Rivier, and V. Petrov, “Double tungstate lasers: From bulk toward on-chip integrated waveguide devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 661–671 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. Galán, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2 µm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2-μm continuous wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. E. Romanyuk, C. N. Borca, M. Pollnau, S. Rivier, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Yb-doped KY(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(1), 53–55 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Petrov, F. Güell, J. Massons, J. Gavalda, R. M. Solé, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, and U. Griebner, “Efficient tunable laser operation of Tm:KGd(WO4)2 in the continuous-wave regime at room temperature,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(9), 1244–1251 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pollnau, M.

D. Geskus, S. Aravazhi, E. Bernhardi, C. Grivas, S. Harkema, K. Hametner, D. Günther, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, “Low-threshold highly efficient Gd3+, Lu3+ co-doped KY(WO4)2:Yb3+ planar waveguide laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(11), 800–805 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Pollnau, Y. E. Romanyuk, F. Gardillou, C. N. Borca, U. Griebner, S. Rivier, and V. Petrov, “Double tungstate lasers: From bulk toward on-chip integrated waveguide devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 661–671 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Gardillou, Y. E. Romanyuk, C. N. Borca, R. P. Salathé, and M. Pollnau, “Lu, Gd codoped KY(WO(4))(2):Yb epitaxial layers: towards integrated optics based on KY(WO(4))(2).,” Opt. Lett. 32(5), 488–490 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Rivier, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, Y. E. Romanyuk, C. N. Borca, F. Gardillou, and M. Pollnau, “Tm:KY(WO(4))(2) waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 15(9), 5885–5892 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. E. Romanyuk, C. N. Borca, M. Pollnau, S. Rivier, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Yb-doped KY(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(1), 53–55 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pujol, M. C.

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, N. Thilmann, V. Pasiskevicius, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial layers of KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 doped with Er3+ and Tm3+ for planar waveguide lasers,” Opt. Mater. 32(3), 469–474 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Vatnik, I. Vedin, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Thin disk Tm-laser based on highly doped Tm:KLu(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epitaxy,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(6), 435–439 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Monoclinic double tungstate lattice matched epitaxial layers for integrated optics applications,” Phys. Proc. 8, 151–156 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial growth of lattice matched KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 thin films on KY(WO4)2 substrates for waveguiding applications,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(8), 3525–3531 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Carvajal, B. Raghothamachar, O. Silvestre, H. Chen, M. C. Pujol, V. Petrov, M. Dudley, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Effect of structural stress on the laser quality of highly doped Yb:KY(WO4)2/KY(WO4)2 and Yb:KLu(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epitaxial structures,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(2), 653–656 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, O. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Díaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. Silvestre, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “CW laser operation of KLu0.945Tm0.055(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epilayers near 2-µm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 257–260 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. Galán, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2 µm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2-μm continuous wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Raghothamachar, B.

J. J. Carvajal, B. Raghothamachar, O. Silvestre, H. Chen, M. C. Pujol, V. Petrov, M. Dudley, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Effect of structural stress on the laser quality of highly doped Yb:KY(WO4)2/KY(WO4)2 and Yb:KLu(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epitaxial structures,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(2), 653–656 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rameix, A.

A. Rameix, C. Borel, B. Chambaz, B. Ferrand, D. P. Shepherd, T. J. Warburton, D. C. Hanna, and A. C. Tropper, “An efficient, diode-pumped, 2 µm Tm:YAG waveguide laser,” Opt. Commun. 142(4-6), 239–243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rivier, S.

M. Pollnau, Y. E. Romanyuk, F. Gardillou, C. N. Borca, U. Griebner, S. Rivier, and V. Petrov, “Double tungstate lasers: From bulk toward on-chip integrated waveguide devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 661–671 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, O. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Díaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Rivier, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, Y. E. Romanyuk, C. N. Borca, F. Gardillou, and M. Pollnau, “Tm:KY(WO(4))(2) waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 15(9), 5885–5892 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. E. Romanyuk, C. N. Borca, M. Pollnau, S. Rivier, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Yb-doped KY(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(1), 53–55 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Romanyuk, Y. E.

S. Rivier, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, Y. E. Romanyuk, C. N. Borca, F. Gardillou, and M. Pollnau, “Tm:KY(WO(4))(2) waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 15(9), 5885–5892 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Gardillou, Y. E. Romanyuk, C. N. Borca, R. P. Salathé, and M. Pollnau, “Lu, Gd codoped KY(WO(4))(2):Yb epitaxial layers: towards integrated optics based on KY(WO(4))(2).,” Opt. Lett. 32(5), 488–490 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pollnau, Y. E. Romanyuk, F. Gardillou, C. N. Borca, U. Griebner, S. Rivier, and V. Petrov, “Double tungstate lasers: From bulk toward on-chip integrated waveguide devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 661–671 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. E. Romanyuk, C. N. Borca, M. Pollnau, S. Rivier, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Yb-doped KY(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(1), 53–55 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salathé, R. P.

F. Gardillou, Y. E. Romanyuk, C. N. Borca, R. P. Salathé, and M. Pollnau, “Lu, Gd codoped KY(WO(4))(2):Yb epitaxial layers: towards integrated optics based on KY(WO(4))(2).,” Opt. Lett. 32(5), 488–490 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sheina, S. G.

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 µm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(16), 2926–2928 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shepherd, D. P.

J. I. Mackenzie, S. C. Mitchell, R. J. Beach, H. E. Meissner, and D. P. Shepherd, “15 W diode-side-pumped Tm:YAG waveguide laser at 2 µm,” Electron. Lett. 37(14), 898–899 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Rameix, C. Borel, B. Chambaz, B. Ferrand, D. P. Shepherd, T. J. Warburton, D. C. Hanna, and A. C. Tropper, “An efficient, diode-pumped, 2 µm Tm:YAG waveguide laser,” Opt. Commun. 142(4-6), 239–243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

F. M. Bain, A. A. Lagatsky, S. V. Kurilchick, V. E. Kisel, S. A. Guretsky, A. M. Luginets, N. A. Kalanda, I. M. Kolesova, N. V. Kuleshov, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, “Continuous-wave and Q-switched operation of a compact, diode-pumped Yb3+:KY(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1666–1670 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Silvestre, O.

J. J. Carvajal, B. Raghothamachar, O. Silvestre, H. Chen, M. C. Pujol, V. Petrov, M. Dudley, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Effect of structural stress on the laser quality of highly doped Yb:KY(WO4)2/KY(WO4)2 and Yb:KLu(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epitaxial structures,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(2), 653–656 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. Silvestre, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “CW laser operation of KLu0.945Tm0.055(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epilayers near 2-µm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 257–260 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, O. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Díaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Skidmore, J. A.

E. C. Honea, R. J. Beach, S. B. Sutton, J. A. Speth, S. C. Mitchell, J. A. Skidmore, M. A. Emanuel, and S. A. Payne, “115-W Tm:YAG Diode-Pumped Solid-State Laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(9), 1592–1600 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Solé, R. M.

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, O. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Díaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Petrov, F. Güell, J. Massons, J. Gavalda, R. M. Solé, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, and U. Griebner, “Efficient tunable laser operation of Tm:KGd(WO4)2 in the continuous-wave regime at room temperature,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(9), 1244–1251 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Song, C. W.

X. M. Duan, B. Q. Yao, Y. J. Zhang, C. W. Song, L. L. Zheng, Y. L. Ju, and Y. Z. Wang, “Diode-pumped high efficient Tm:YLF laser output at 1908 nm with near-diffraction limited beam quality,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(5), 347–349 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Speth, J. A.

E. C. Honea, R. J. Beach, S. B. Sutton, J. A. Speth, S. C. Mitchell, J. A. Skidmore, M. A. Emanuel, and S. A. Payne, “115-W Tm:YAG Diode-Pumped Solid-State Laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(9), 1592–1600 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sutton, S. B.

E. C. Honea, R. J. Beach, S. B. Sutton, J. A. Speth, S. C. Mitchell, J. A. Skidmore, M. A. Emanuel, and S. A. Payne, “115-W Tm:YAG Diode-Pumped Solid-State Laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(9), 1592–1600 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Thilmann, N.

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, N. Thilmann, V. Pasiskevicius, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial layers of KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 doped with Er3+ and Tm3+ for planar waveguide lasers,” Opt. Mater. 32(3), 469–474 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Titov, A. N.

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 µm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(16), 2926–2928 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Batay, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, A. N. Titov, M. Mond, and S. Kuck, “Efficient tunable laser operation of diode-pumped Yb, Tm:KY(WO4)2 around 1.9 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 75(4-5), 457–461 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tropper, A. C.

A. Rameix, C. Borel, B. Chambaz, B. Ferrand, D. P. Shepherd, T. J. Warburton, D. C. Hanna, and A. C. Tropper, “An efficient, diode-pumped, 2 µm Tm:YAG waveguide laser,” Opt. Commun. 142(4-6), 239–243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Vatnik, S.

S. Vatnik, I. Vedin, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Thin disk Tm-laser based on highly doped Tm:KLu(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epitaxy,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(6), 435–439 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Vedin, I.

S. Vatnik, I. Vedin, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Thin disk Tm-laser based on highly doped Tm:KLu(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epitaxy,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(6), 435–439 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Viera, G.

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. Galán, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2 µm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2-μm continuous wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. Z.

X. M. Duan, B. Q. Yao, Y. J. Zhang, C. W. Song, L. L. Zheng, Y. L. Ju, and Y. Z. Wang, “Diode-pumped high efficient Tm:YLF laser output at 1908 nm with near-diffraction limited beam quality,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(5), 347–349 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Warburton, T. J.

A. Rameix, C. Borel, B. Chambaz, B. Ferrand, D. P. Shepherd, T. J. Warburton, D. C. Hanna, and A. C. Tropper, “An efficient, diode-pumped, 2 µm Tm:YAG waveguide laser,” Opt. Commun. 142(4-6), 239–243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wörhoff, K.

D. Geskus, S. Aravazhi, E. Bernhardi, C. Grivas, S. Harkema, K. Hametner, D. Günther, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, “Low-threshold highly efficient Gd3+, Lu3+ co-doped KY(WO4)2:Yb3+ planar waveguide laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(11), 800–805 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yao, B. Q.

X. M. Duan, B. Q. Yao, Y. J. Zhang, C. W. Song, L. L. Zheng, Y. L. Ju, and Y. Z. Wang, “Diode-pumped high efficient Tm:YLF laser output at 1908 nm with near-diffraction limited beam quality,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(5), 347–349 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y. J.

X. M. Duan, B. Q. Yao, Y. J. Zhang, C. W. Song, L. L. Zheng, Y. L. Ju, and Y. Z. Wang, “Diode-pumped high efficient Tm:YLF laser output at 1908 nm with near-diffraction limited beam quality,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(5), 347–349 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, L. L.

X. M. Duan, B. Q. Yao, Y. J. Zhang, C. W. Song, L. L. Zheng, Y. L. Ju, and Y. Z. Wang, “Diode-pumped high efficient Tm:YLF laser output at 1908 nm with near-diffraction limited beam quality,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(5), 347–349 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

M. Eichhorn, “Quasi-three-level solid state lasers in the near and mid infrared based on trivalent rare earth ions,” Appl. Phys. B 93(2-3), 269–316 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Batay, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Kuzmin, A. N. Titov, M. Mond, and S. Kuck, “Efficient tunable laser operation of diode-pumped Yb, Tm:KY(WO4)2 around 1.9 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 75(4-5), 457–461 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kück, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 µm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(16), 2926–2928 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Phys.

A. Godard, “Infrared (2–12 μm) solid-state laser sources: a review,” C. R. Phys. 8(10), 1100–1128 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cryst. Growth Des.

J. J. Carvajal, B. Raghothamachar, O. Silvestre, H. Chen, M. C. Pujol, V. Petrov, M. Dudley, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Effect of structural stress on the laser quality of highly doped Yb:KY(WO4)2/KY(WO4)2 and Yb:KLu(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epitaxial structures,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(2), 653–656 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial growth of lattice matched KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 thin films on KY(WO4)2 substrates for waveguiding applications,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(8), 3525–3531 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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J. I. Mackenzie, S. C. Mitchell, R. J. Beach, H. E. Meissner, and D. P. Shepherd, “15 W diode-side-pumped Tm:YAG waveguide laser at 2 µm,” Electron. Lett. 37(14), 898–899 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. Galán, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2 µm continuous-wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. C. Honea, R. J. Beach, S. B. Sutton, J. A. Speth, S. C. Mitchell, J. A. Skidmore, M. A. Emanuel, and S. A. Payne, “115-W Tm:YAG Diode-Pumped Solid-State Laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(9), 1592–1600 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. Hauglie-Hanssen and N. Djeu, “Further investigations of a 2-µm Tm:YVO4 laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(2), 275–279 (1994).
[CrossRef]

V. Petrov, F. Güell, J. Massons, J. Gavalda, R. M. Solé, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, and U. Griebner, “Efficient tunable laser operation of Tm:KGd(WO4)2 in the continuous-wave regime at room temperature,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(9), 1244–1251 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. Mateos, V. Petrov, J. Liu, M. C. Pujol, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, M. Galan, and G. Viera, “Efficient 2-μm continuous wave laser oscillation of Tm3+:KLu(WO4)2,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1008–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. Silvestre, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “CW laser operation of KLu0.945Tm0.055(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epilayers near 2-µm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 257–260 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

M. Pollnau, Y. E. Romanyuk, F. Gardillou, C. N. Borca, U. Griebner, S. Rivier, and V. Petrov, “Double tungstate lasers: From bulk toward on-chip integrated waveguide devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 661–671 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Laser Photon. Rev.

V. Petrov, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, O. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R. M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, and F. Díaz, “Growth and properties of KLu(WO4)2, and novel ytterbium and thulium lasers based on this monoclinic crystalline host,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 179–212 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett.

X. M. Duan, B. Q. Yao, Y. J. Zhang, C. W. Song, L. L. Zheng, Y. L. Ju, and Y. Z. Wang, “Diode-pumped high efficient Tm:YLF laser output at 1908 nm with near-diffraction limited beam quality,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(5), 347–349 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Geskus, S. Aravazhi, E. Bernhardi, C. Grivas, S. Harkema, K. Hametner, D. Günther, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, “Low-threshold highly efficient Gd3+, Lu3+ co-doped KY(WO4)2:Yb3+ planar waveguide laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(11), 800–805 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Vatnik, I. Vedin, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Thin disk Tm-laser based on highly doped Tm:KLu(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epitaxy,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(6), 435–439 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

A. Rameix, C. Borel, B. Chambaz, B. Ferrand, D. P. Shepherd, T. J. Warburton, D. C. Hanna, and A. C. Tropper, “An efficient, diode-pumped, 2 µm Tm:YAG waveguide laser,” Opt. Commun. 142(4-6), 239–243 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

S. Rivier, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, Y. E. Romanyuk, C. N. Borca, F. Gardillou, and M. Pollnau, “Tm:KY(WO(4))(2) waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 15(9), 5885–5892 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. M. Bain, A. A. Lagatsky, S. V. Kurilchick, V. E. Kisel, S. A. Guretsky, A. M. Luginets, N. A. Kalanda, I. M. Kolesova, N. V. Kuleshov, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, “Continuous-wave and Q-switched operation of a compact, diode-pumped Yb3+:KY(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1666–1670 (2009).
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Opt. Lett.

Y. E. Romanyuk, C. N. Borca, M. Pollnau, S. Rivier, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Yb-doped KY(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett. 31(1), 53–55 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Gardillou, Y. E. Romanyuk, C. N. Borca, R. P. Salathé, and M. Pollnau, “Lu, Gd codoped KY(WO(4))(2):Yb epitaxial layers: towards integrated optics based on KY(WO(4))(2).,” Opt. Lett. 32(5), 488–490 (2007).
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Opt. Mater.

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, N. Thilmann, V. Pasiskevicius, G. Lifante, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Epitaxial layers of KY1-x-yGdxLuy(WO4)2 doped with Er3+ and Tm3+ for planar waveguide lasers,” Opt. Mater. 32(3), 469–474 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Proc.

W. Bolaños, J. J. Carvajal, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Monoclinic double tungstate lattice matched epitaxial layers for integrated optics applications,” Phys. Proc. 8, 151–156 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other

A. E. Troshin, V. E. Kisel, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, E. B. Dunina, and A. A. Kornienko, “Laser performance of Tm:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (TOPS) 98, Advanced Solid-State Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC 2005), pp. 214–218.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Photograph of the KY0.58Gd0.22Lu0.17Tm0.03(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser setup with the Q-switch. (b) Transmission spectrum of the Cr:ZnSe saturable absorber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Continuous-wave KY0.58Gd0.22Lu0.17Tm0.03(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser at 1843.6 nm. (a) Output power vs. absorbed pump power, Inset: emission spectrum. (b) Near-field intensity distribution at maximum output power and a Gaussian-fit (yellow line) perpendicular to the active layer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Q-switched KY0.58Gd0.22Lu0.17Tm0.03(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser. (a) Average output power and pulse repetition rate vs. absorbed pump power. (b) Pulse duration and calculated pulse energy vs. absorbed pump power.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Q-switched KY0.58Gd0.22Lu0.17Tm0.03(WO4)2 planar waveguide laser. (a) Monitored pulse train (b) Shape of a single pulse at maximum pump power.

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