Abstract

We present a numerical and experimental demonstration of a waveguide regime in a broad band spectral range for the hollow core microstructured optical fibers (HC MOFs) made of silica with a negative curvature of the core boundary. It is shown that HC MOFs with the cladding consisting only of one row of silica capillaries allows to guide light from the near to mid infrared despite of high material losses of silica in this spectral region. Such result can be obtained by a special arrangement of cladding capillaries which leads to a change in the sign of the core boundary curvature. The change in the sign of the core boundary curvature leads to a loss of simplicity of boundary conditions for core modes and to “localization” and limitation of their interaction with the cladding material in space. Such HC MOFs made of different materials can be potential candidates for solving problem of ultra high power transmission including transmission of CO and CO2 laser radiation.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2010 (3)

2009 (1)

L. Vincetti, “Numerical analysis of plastic hollow core microstructured fiber for Terahertz applications,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 15(4), 398–401 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

2007 (2)

2006 (3)

2005 (3)

2004 (2)

J. D. Shephard, J. D. C. Jones, D. P. Hand, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, P. S. J. Russell, and B. Mangan, “High energy nanosecond laser pulses delivered single-mode through hollow-core PBG fibers,” Opt. Express 12(4), 717–723 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-4-717 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Benabid, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, P. S. Russell, and F. Couny, “Ultrahigh efficiency laser wavelength conversion in a gas-filled hollow core photonic crystal fiber by pure stimulated rotational Raman scattering in molecular hydrogen,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(12), 123903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic bandgaps for CO2 laser transmission,” Nature 420(6916), 650–653 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. M. Litchinitser, A. K. Abeeluck, C. Headley, and B. J. Eggleton, “Antiresonant reflecting photonic crystal optical waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 27(18), 1592–1594 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, “Single – mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285(5433), 1537–1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1964 (1)

E. A. Marcatili and R. A. Schmeltzer, “Hollow core and dielectric waveguides for long distance optical transmission and lasers,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 43, 1783–1809 (1964).

Abeeluck, A. K.

Ahmad, F. R.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Allan, D. C.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, “Single – mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285(5433), 1537–1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Argyros, A.

Auguste, J.-L.

Bassett, I. M.

Beaudou, B.

Benabid, F.

F. Benabid, “Hollow – core photonic band gap fibre: new light guidance for new science and technology,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 364(1849), 3439–3462 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Benabid, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, P. S. Russell, and F. Couny, “Ultrahigh efficiency laser wavelength conversion in a gas-filled hollow core photonic crystal fiber by pure stimulated rotational Raman scattering in molecular hydrogen,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(12), 123903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benoit, G.

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic bandgaps for CO2 laser transmission,” Nature 420(6916), 650–653 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Birks, T. A.

Blondy, J.-M.

Bouwmans, G.

F. Benabid, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, P. S. Russell, and F. Couny, “Ultrahigh efficiency laser wavelength conversion in a gas-filled hollow core photonic crystal fiber by pure stimulated rotational Raman scattering in molecular hydrogen,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(12), 123903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Shephard, J. D. C. Jones, D. P. Hand, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, P. S. J. Russell, and B. Mangan, “High energy nanosecond laser pulses delivered single-mode through hollow-core PBG fibers,” Opt. Express 12(4), 717–723 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-4-717 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, H.

J. Lu, C. Yu, H. Chang, H. Chen, Y. Li, C. Pan, and C. Sun, “Terahertz air – core microstructured fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(6), 064105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

J. Lu, C. Yu, H. Chang, H. Chen, Y. Li, C. Pan, and C. Sun, “Terahertz air – core microstructured fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(6), 064105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Couny, F.

Cregan, R. F.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, “Single – mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285(5433), 1537–1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eggleton, B. J.

Estacio, E.

Farr, L.

Février, S.

Fink, Y.

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic bandgaps for CO2 laser transmission,” Nature 420(6916), 650–653 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaeta, A. L.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gallagher, M. T.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

George, A. K.

Gérôme, F.

Hand, D. P.

Hart, S. D.

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic bandgaps for CO2 laser transmission,” Nature 420(6916), 650–653 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Headley, C.

Humbert, G.

Jamier, R.

Joannopoulos, J. D.

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic bandgaps for CO2 laser transmission,” Nature 420(6916), 650–653 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jonasz, M.

Jones, J. D. C.

Kitamura, R.

Knight, J. C.

J. D. Shephard, W. N. Macpherson, R. P. Maier, J. D. C. Jones, D. P. Hand, M. Mohebbi, A. K. George, P. J. Roberts, and J. C. Knight, “Single-mode mid-IR guidance in a hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 13(18), 7139–7144 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-18-7139 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, B. J. Mangan, H. Sabert, F. Couny, W. J. Wadsworth, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. Russell, “Realizing low loss air core photonic crystal fibers by exploiting an antiresonant core surround,” Opt. Express 13(20), 8277–8285 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-20-8277 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. J. Roberts, F. Couny, H. Sabert, B. J. Mangan, D. P. Williams, L. Farr, M. W. Mason, A. Tomlinson, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Ultimate low loss of hollow-core photonic crystal fibres,” Opt. Express 13(1), 236–244 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-1-236 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Shephard, J. D. C. Jones, D. P. Hand, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, P. S. J. Russell, and B. Mangan, “High energy nanosecond laser pulses delivered single-mode through hollow-core PBG fibers,” Opt. Express 12(4), 717–723 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-4-717 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Benabid, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, P. S. Russell, and F. Couny, “Ultrahigh efficiency laser wavelength conversion in a gas-filled hollow core photonic crystal fiber by pure stimulated rotational Raman scattering in molecular hydrogen,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(12), 123903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, “Single – mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285(5433), 1537–1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koch, K. W.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Large, M. C.

Large, M. C. J.

Li, Y.

J. Lu, C. Yu, H. Chang, H. Chen, Y. Li, C. Pan, and C. Sun, “Terahertz air – core microstructured fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(6), 064105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Litchinitser, N. M.

Lu, J.

J. Lu, C. Yu, H. Chang, H. Chen, Y. Li, C. Pan, and C. Sun, “Terahertz air – core microstructured fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(6), 064105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Macpherson, W. N.

Maier, R. P.

Mangan, B.

Mangan, B. J.

Marcatili, E. A.

E. A. Marcatili and R. A. Schmeltzer, “Hollow core and dielectric waveguides for long distance optical transmission and lasers,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 43, 1783–1809 (1964).

Mason, M. W.

Mohebbi, M.

Müller, D.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ouzounov, D. G.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pan, C.

J. Lu, C. Yu, H. Chang, H. Chen, Y. Li, C. Pan, and C. Sun, “Terahertz air – core microstructured fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(6), 064105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pilon, L.

Pla, J.

Pobre, R.

Ponseca, C. S.

Roberts, P. J.

Russell, P.

Russell, P. S.

F. Benabid, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, P. S. Russell, and F. Couny, “Ultrahigh efficiency laser wavelength conversion in a gas-filled hollow core photonic crystal fiber by pure stimulated rotational Raman scattering in molecular hydrogen,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(12), 123903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russell, P. S. J.

Russell, P. St. J.

P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic – crystal fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(12), 4729–4749 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, “Single – mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285(5433), 1537–1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sabert, H.

Sarukura, N.

Schmeltzer, R. A.

E. A. Marcatili and R. A. Schmeltzer, “Hollow core and dielectric waveguides for long distance optical transmission and lasers,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 43, 1783–1809 (1964).

Setti, V.

Shephard, J. D.

Silcox, J.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

St. J. Russell, P.

Sun, C.

J. Lu, C. Yu, H. Chang, H. Chen, Y. Li, C. Pan, and C. Sun, “Terahertz air – core microstructured fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(6), 064105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Temelkuran, B.

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic bandgaps for CO2 laser transmission,” Nature 420(6916), 650–653 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thomas, M. G.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tomlinson, A.

van Eijkelenborg, M. A.

Venkataraman, N.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Viale, P.

Vincetti, L.

L. Vincetti and V. Setti, “Waveguiding mechanism in tube lattice fibers,” Opt. Express 18(22), 23133–23146 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-22-23133 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Vincetti, “Numerical analysis of plastic hollow core microstructured fiber for Terahertz applications,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 15(4), 398–401 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wadsworth, W. J.

Williams, D. P.

Yu, C.

J. Lu, C. Yu, H. Chang, H. Chen, Y. Li, C. Pan, and C. Sun, “Terahertz air – core microstructured fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(6), 064105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. Lu, C. Yu, H. Chang, H. Chen, Y. Li, C. Pan, and C. Sun, “Terahertz air – core microstructured fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(6), 064105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

E. A. Marcatili and R. A. Schmeltzer, “Hollow core and dielectric waveguides for long distance optical transmission and lasers,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 43, 1783–1809 (1964).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Nature (1)

B. Temelkuran, S. D. Hart, G. Benoit, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Wavelength-scalable hollow optical fibres with large photonic bandgaps for CO2 laser transmission,” Nature 420(6916), 650–653 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (7)

A. Argyros and J. Pla, “Hollow-core polymer fibres with a kagome lattice: potential for transmission in the infrared,” Opt. Express 15(12), 7713–7719 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-12-7713 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Vincetti and V. Setti, “Waveguiding mechanism in tube lattice fibers,” Opt. Express 18(22), 23133–23146 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-22-23133 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Février, B. Beaudou, and P. Viale, “Understanding origin of loss in large pitch hollow-core photonic crystal fibers and their design simplification,” Opt. Express 18(5), 5142–5150 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-5-5142 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. J. Roberts, F. Couny, H. Sabert, B. J. Mangan, D. P. Williams, L. Farr, M. W. Mason, A. Tomlinson, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Ultimate low loss of hollow-core photonic crystal fibres,” Opt. Express 13(1), 236–244 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-1-236 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, B. J. Mangan, H. Sabert, F. Couny, W. J. Wadsworth, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. Russell, “Realizing low loss air core photonic crystal fibers by exploiting an antiresonant core surround,” Opt. Express 13(20), 8277–8285 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-20-8277 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Shephard, W. N. Macpherson, R. P. Maier, J. D. C. Jones, D. P. Hand, M. Mohebbi, A. K. George, P. J. Roberts, and J. C. Knight, “Single-mode mid-IR guidance in a hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 13(18), 7139–7144 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-18-7139 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Shephard, J. D. C. Jones, D. P. Hand, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, P. S. J. Russell, and B. Mangan, “High energy nanosecond laser pulses delivered single-mode through hollow-core PBG fibers,” Opt. Express 12(4), 717–723 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-4-717 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

L. Vincetti, “Numerical analysis of plastic hollow core microstructured fiber for Terahertz applications,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 15(4), 398–401 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A (1)

F. Benabid, “Hollow – core photonic band gap fibre: new light guidance for new science and technology,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 364(1849), 3439–3462 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

F. Benabid, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, P. S. Russell, and F. Couny, “Ultrahigh efficiency laser wavelength conversion in a gas-filled hollow core photonic crystal fiber by pure stimulated rotational Raman scattering in molecular hydrogen,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(12), 123903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (2)

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, “Single – mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285(5433), 1537–1539 (1999).
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D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

Y. Wang, F. Couny, P. J. Roberts, and F. Benabid, “Low loss broadband transmission in optimized core – shaped Kagome Hollow Core PCF,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science, Postdeadline Papers (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CPDB4.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Fundamental mode of HC MOF with the cladding consisting of capillaries.

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

HC MOF with a negative curvature of the core with cladding consisting of one row of capillaries (left) and with the cladding consisting of one row of rods (right).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Total loss for HC MOFs with Dcore = 36 μm in the case of cladding consisting of capillaries (square), rods (circle) and simple dielectric tube (triangular) (b) the total loss for HC MOFs with Dcore = 68 μm and all notations is the same as in (a).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The preform (left) and cross section of HC MOF (right) with the cladding consisting of eight capillaries and Dcore ≈36 μm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The measured transmission bands in a near infrared spectral region for HC MOFs with outer diameters of 80 μm (solid), 103 μm (dashed) and 125 μm (dotted).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) The core mode of HC MOF with the outer diameter of 80 µm and dins/dout = 0.76 in one of the transmission band in near infrared taken by a CCD camera (b) the core mode of HC MOF with the outer diameter of 125 µm in the same spectral region.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) The measured transmission bands for HC MOF with the outer diameter of 206 µm and dins/dout = 0.76 from a near to mid infrared spectral region (b) the calculated bands for the same HC MOF.

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