Abstract

We report continuous-wave (CW) laser operation of Pr3+-doped LiLuY4, LiYF4 and KY3F10 single crystals in the Red, Orange and Green spectral regions by using a new pumping scheme. The pump source is an especially developed compact, slightly tunable and intracavity frequency-doubled diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser delivering a CW output power of 0.9W at 469.12 nm. At this pump wavelength, efficient room temperature laser emissions corresponding to the 3P03F2, 3P03H6 and 3P13H5 Pr3+ transitions are observed. While a maximum slope efficiency of 45% is obtained in the red with Pr:LiYF4, the demonstration is made for the first time of the orange laser operation of Pr:KY3F10 at about 610 nm.

© 2011 OSA

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References

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  1. R. Moncorgé, L. D. Merkle, and B. Zandi, “UV-visible lasers based on rare-earth ions,” MRS Bulletin 24(9), 21–26 (1999).
  2. L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, M. Kruer, F. Bartoli, L. S. Goldberg, H. P. Jenssen, A. Linz, and V. O. Nicolai, “Blue light emission by a Pr:LiYF4-laser operated at room temperature,” J. Appl. Phys. 48(2), 650–652 (1977).
    [Crossref]
  3. A. A. Kaminskii, A. I. Lyashenko, N. P. Isaev, V. N. Karlov, V. L. Pavlovich, S. N. Bagaev, A. V. Butashin, and L. E. Li, “Quasi-cw Pr3+:LiYF4 laser with λ = 0.395 µm and an average output power of 2.3 W,” Quantum Electron. 28(3), 187–188 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  4. T. Sandrock, T. Danger, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. T. H. Chai, “Efficient continuous-wave laser emission of Pr3+-doped fluorides at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. B 58(2), 149–151 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  5. J. M. Sutherland, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, and B. H. T. Chai, “Visible continuous-wave laser transitions in Pr(3+):YLF and femtosecond pulse generation,” Opt. Lett. 21(11), 797–799 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. A. Richter, E. Heumann, E. Osiac, G. Huber, W. Seelert, and A. Diening, “Diode pumping of a continuous-wave Pr3+-doped LiYF4 laser,” Opt. Lett. 29(22), 2638–2640 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, J. Bengoechea, and U. Weichmann, “Diode-pumped Pr(3+):KY(3)F(10) red laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(11), 1462–1464 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. F. Cornacchia, A. Di Lieto, M. Tonelli, A. Richter, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Efficient visible laser emission of GaN laser diode pumped Pr-doped fluoride scheelite crystals,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15932–15941 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. J. Nakanishi, T. Yamada, Y. Fujimoto, O. Ishii, and M. Yamazaki, “High power red laser oscillation of 311 mW in Pr3+ doped waterproof fluoro-aluminate glass fibre excited by GaN laser diode,” Electron. Lett. 46(18), 1285–1286 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  10. A. Richter, E. Heumann, G. Huber, V. Ostroumov, and W. Seelert, “Power scaling of semiconductor laser pumped Praseodymium-lasers,” Opt. Express 15(8), 5172–5178 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. E. Heumann, C. Czeranowski, T. Kellner, and G. Huber, “An efficient all-solid-state Pr3+:LiYF4 laser in the visible spectral range,” Technical Digest CLEO’99, paper CTuG1, p86, (Baltimore, 1999).
  12. C. Czeranowsky, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “All-solid-state continuous-wave frequency-doubled Nd:YAG-BiBO laser with 2.8-W output power at 473 nm,” Opt. Lett. 28(6), 432–434 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. F. Jia, Q. Xue, Q. Zheng, Y. Bu, and L. Qian, “5.3W deep-blue light generation by intra-cavity frequency doubling of Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 83(2), 245–247 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  14. A. A. Kaminskii, Crystalline lasers: Physical Processes and Operating Schemes, (CRC Press, Florida, 1996).
  15. F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, H. Hubert, J. M. Benitez, and D. Vivien, “Infrared laser performance and self-frequency doubling of Nd:GdCOB,” Opt. Mater. 8(3), 161–173 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  16. A. Lupei, E. Antic-Fidancev, G. Aka, D. Vivien, P. Aschehoug, Ph. Goldner, F. Pelle, and L. Gheorghe, “Spectroscopic and crystal field studies of Nd3+ in GdCOB and YCOB,” Phys. Rev. B 65(22), 224518 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  17. C. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, D. R. Yuan, D. Xu, G. H. Zhang, M. G. Liu, J. R. Lu, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “CW dual wavelength Nd:YAG laser at 946 and 938.5nm and intracavity nonlinear frequency conversion with a CMTC crystal,” Opt. Commun. 165(4-6), 231–235 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  18. S. Bjurshagen, D. Evekull, and R. Koch, “Generation of blue light at 469 nm by efficient frequency doubling of diode pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Electron. Lett. 38(7), 324 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  19. B. Xu, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, Z. P. Cai, F. Balembois and R. Moncorgé, “Efficient three wavelengths blue laser generation by simultaneous frequency-doubling and sum-frequency mixing in a diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser cavity,” (submitted)
  20. D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, “The measurement of internal losses in 4-level lasers,” Phys. Lett. 20(3), 277–278 (1966).
    [Crossref]

2010 (1)

J. Nakanishi, T. Yamada, Y. Fujimoto, O. Ishii, and M. Yamazaki, “High power red laser oscillation of 311 mW in Pr3+ doped waterproof fluoro-aluminate glass fibre excited by GaN laser diode,” Electron. Lett. 46(18), 1285–1286 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

2006 (1)

F. Jia, Q. Xue, Q. Zheng, Y. Bu, and L. Qian, “5.3W deep-blue light generation by intra-cavity frequency doubling of Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 83(2), 245–247 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

2002 (2)

A. Lupei, E. Antic-Fidancev, G. Aka, D. Vivien, P. Aschehoug, Ph. Goldner, F. Pelle, and L. Gheorghe, “Spectroscopic and crystal field studies of Nd3+ in GdCOB and YCOB,” Phys. Rev. B 65(22), 224518 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. Bjurshagen, D. Evekull, and R. Koch, “Generation of blue light at 469 nm by efficient frequency doubling of diode pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Electron. Lett. 38(7), 324 (2002).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

C. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, D. R. Yuan, D. Xu, G. H. Zhang, M. G. Liu, J. R. Lu, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “CW dual wavelength Nd:YAG laser at 946 and 938.5nm and intracavity nonlinear frequency conversion with a CMTC crystal,” Opt. Commun. 165(4-6), 231–235 (1999).
[Crossref]

R. Moncorgé, L. D. Merkle, and B. Zandi, “UV-visible lasers based on rare-earth ions,” MRS Bulletin 24(9), 21–26 (1999).

1998 (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, A. I. Lyashenko, N. P. Isaev, V. N. Karlov, V. L. Pavlovich, S. N. Bagaev, A. V. Butashin, and L. E. Li, “Quasi-cw Pr3+:LiYF4 laser with λ = 0.395 µm and an average output power of 2.3 W,” Quantum Electron. 28(3), 187–188 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, H. Hubert, J. M. Benitez, and D. Vivien, “Infrared laser performance and self-frequency doubling of Nd:GdCOB,” Opt. Mater. 8(3), 161–173 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

1994 (1)

T. Sandrock, T. Danger, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. T. H. Chai, “Efficient continuous-wave laser emission of Pr3+-doped fluorides at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. B 58(2), 149–151 (1994).
[Crossref]

1977 (1)

L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, M. Kruer, F. Bartoli, L. S. Goldberg, H. P. Jenssen, A. Linz, and V. O. Nicolai, “Blue light emission by a Pr:LiYF4-laser operated at room temperature,” J. Appl. Phys. 48(2), 650–652 (1977).
[Crossref]

1966 (1)

D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, “The measurement of internal losses in 4-level lasers,” Phys. Lett. 20(3), 277–278 (1966).
[Crossref]

Aka, G.

A. Lupei, E. Antic-Fidancev, G. Aka, D. Vivien, P. Aschehoug, Ph. Goldner, F. Pelle, and L. Gheorghe, “Spectroscopic and crystal field studies of Nd3+ in GdCOB and YCOB,” Phys. Rev. B 65(22), 224518 (2002).
[Crossref]

F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, H. Hubert, J. M. Benitez, and D. Vivien, “Infrared laser performance and self-frequency doubling of Nd:GdCOB,” Opt. Mater. 8(3), 161–173 (1997).
[Crossref]

Allen, R.

L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, M. Kruer, F. Bartoli, L. S. Goldberg, H. P. Jenssen, A. Linz, and V. O. Nicolai, “Blue light emission by a Pr:LiYF4-laser operated at room temperature,” J. Appl. Phys. 48(2), 650–652 (1977).
[Crossref]

Antic-Fidancev, E.

A. Lupei, E. Antic-Fidancev, G. Aka, D. Vivien, P. Aschehoug, Ph. Goldner, F. Pelle, and L. Gheorghe, “Spectroscopic and crystal field studies of Nd3+ in GdCOB and YCOB,” Phys. Rev. B 65(22), 224518 (2002).
[Crossref]

Aschehoug, P.

A. Lupei, E. Antic-Fidancev, G. Aka, D. Vivien, P. Aschehoug, Ph. Goldner, F. Pelle, and L. Gheorghe, “Spectroscopic and crystal field studies of Nd3+ in GdCOB and YCOB,” Phys. Rev. B 65(22), 224518 (2002).
[Crossref]

Bagaev, S. N.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. I. Lyashenko, N. P. Isaev, V. N. Karlov, V. L. Pavlovich, S. N. Bagaev, A. V. Butashin, and L. E. Li, “Quasi-cw Pr3+:LiYF4 laser with λ = 0.395 µm and an average output power of 2.3 W,” Quantum Electron. 28(3), 187–188 (1998).
[Crossref]

Bartoli, F.

L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, M. Kruer, F. Bartoli, L. S. Goldberg, H. P. Jenssen, A. Linz, and V. O. Nicolai, “Blue light emission by a Pr:LiYF4-laser operated at room temperature,” J. Appl. Phys. 48(2), 650–652 (1977).
[Crossref]

Bengoechea, J.

Benitez, J. M.

F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, H. Hubert, J. M. Benitez, and D. Vivien, “Infrared laser performance and self-frequency doubling of Nd:GdCOB,” Opt. Mater. 8(3), 161–173 (1997).
[Crossref]

Bjurshagen, S.

S. Bjurshagen, D. Evekull, and R. Koch, “Generation of blue light at 469 nm by efficient frequency doubling of diode pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Electron. Lett. 38(7), 324 (2002).
[Crossref]

Bu, Y.

F. Jia, Q. Xue, Q. Zheng, Y. Bu, and L. Qian, “5.3W deep-blue light generation by intra-cavity frequency doubling of Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 83(2), 245–247 (2006).
[Crossref]

Butashin, A. V.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. I. Lyashenko, N. P. Isaev, V. N. Karlov, V. L. Pavlovich, S. N. Bagaev, A. V. Butashin, and L. E. Li, “Quasi-cw Pr3+:LiYF4 laser with λ = 0.395 µm and an average output power of 2.3 W,” Quantum Electron. 28(3), 187–188 (1998).
[Crossref]

Camy, P.

Chai, B. H. T.

Chai, B. T. H.

T. Sandrock, T. Danger, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. T. H. Chai, “Efficient continuous-wave laser emission of Pr3+-doped fluorides at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. B 58(2), 149–151 (1994).
[Crossref]

Chow, Y. T.

C. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, D. R. Yuan, D. Xu, G. H. Zhang, M. G. Liu, J. R. Lu, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “CW dual wavelength Nd:YAG laser at 946 and 938.5nm and intracavity nonlinear frequency conversion with a CMTC crystal,” Opt. Commun. 165(4-6), 231–235 (1999).
[Crossref]

Clay, R. A.

D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, “The measurement of internal losses in 4-level lasers,” Phys. Lett. 20(3), 277–278 (1966).
[Crossref]

Cornacchia, F.

Czeranowsky, C.

Danger, T.

T. Sandrock, T. Danger, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. T. H. Chai, “Efficient continuous-wave laser emission of Pr3+-doped fluorides at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. B 58(2), 149–151 (1994).
[Crossref]

Di Lieto, A.

Diening, A.

Doualan, J. L.

Esterowitz, L.

L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, M. Kruer, F. Bartoli, L. S. Goldberg, H. P. Jenssen, A. Linz, and V. O. Nicolai, “Blue light emission by a Pr:LiYF4-laser operated at room temperature,” J. Appl. Phys. 48(2), 650–652 (1977).
[Crossref]

Evekull, D.

S. Bjurshagen, D. Evekull, and R. Koch, “Generation of blue light at 469 nm by efficient frequency doubling of diode pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Electron. Lett. 38(7), 324 (2002).
[Crossref]

Findlay, D.

D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, “The measurement of internal losses in 4-level lasers,” Phys. Lett. 20(3), 277–278 (1966).
[Crossref]

French, P. M. W.

Fujimoto, Y.

J. Nakanishi, T. Yamada, Y. Fujimoto, O. Ishii, and M. Yamazaki, “High power red laser oscillation of 311 mW in Pr3+ doped waterproof fluoro-aluminate glass fibre excited by GaN laser diode,” Electron. Lett. 46(18), 1285–1286 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gheorghe, L.

A. Lupei, E. Antic-Fidancev, G. Aka, D. Vivien, P. Aschehoug, Ph. Goldner, F. Pelle, and L. Gheorghe, “Spectroscopic and crystal field studies of Nd3+ in GdCOB and YCOB,” Phys. Rev. B 65(22), 224518 (2002).
[Crossref]

Goldberg, L. S.

L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, M. Kruer, F. Bartoli, L. S. Goldberg, H. P. Jenssen, A. Linz, and V. O. Nicolai, “Blue light emission by a Pr:LiYF4-laser operated at room temperature,” J. Appl. Phys. 48(2), 650–652 (1977).
[Crossref]

Goldner, Ph.

A. Lupei, E. Antic-Fidancev, G. Aka, D. Vivien, P. Aschehoug, Ph. Goldner, F. Pelle, and L. Gheorghe, “Spectroscopic and crystal field studies of Nd3+ in GdCOB and YCOB,” Phys. Rev. B 65(22), 224518 (2002).
[Crossref]

Heumann, E.

Huber, G.

Hubert, H.

F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, H. Hubert, J. M. Benitez, and D. Vivien, “Infrared laser performance and self-frequency doubling of Nd:GdCOB,” Opt. Mater. 8(3), 161–173 (1997).
[Crossref]

Isaev, N. P.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. I. Lyashenko, N. P. Isaev, V. N. Karlov, V. L. Pavlovich, S. N. Bagaev, A. V. Butashin, and L. E. Li, “Quasi-cw Pr3+:LiYF4 laser with λ = 0.395 µm and an average output power of 2.3 W,” Quantum Electron. 28(3), 187–188 (1998).
[Crossref]

Ishii, O.

J. Nakanishi, T. Yamada, Y. Fujimoto, O. Ishii, and M. Yamazaki, “High power red laser oscillation of 311 mW in Pr3+ doped waterproof fluoro-aluminate glass fibre excited by GaN laser diode,” Electron. Lett. 46(18), 1285–1286 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jenssen, H. P.

L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, M. Kruer, F. Bartoli, L. S. Goldberg, H. P. Jenssen, A. Linz, and V. O. Nicolai, “Blue light emission by a Pr:LiYF4-laser operated at room temperature,” J. Appl. Phys. 48(2), 650–652 (1977).
[Crossref]

Jia, F.

F. Jia, Q. Xue, Q. Zheng, Y. Bu, and L. Qian, “5.3W deep-blue light generation by intra-cavity frequency doubling of Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 83(2), 245–247 (2006).
[Crossref]

Jiang, M. H.

C. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, D. R. Yuan, D. Xu, G. H. Zhang, M. G. Liu, J. R. Lu, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “CW dual wavelength Nd:YAG laser at 946 and 938.5nm and intracavity nonlinear frequency conversion with a CMTC crystal,” Opt. Commun. 165(4-6), 231–235 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kahn-Harari, A.

F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, H. Hubert, J. M. Benitez, and D. Vivien, “Infrared laser performance and self-frequency doubling of Nd:GdCOB,” Opt. Mater. 8(3), 161–173 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kaminskii, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. I. Lyashenko, N. P. Isaev, V. N. Karlov, V. L. Pavlovich, S. N. Bagaev, A. V. Butashin, and L. E. Li, “Quasi-cw Pr3+:LiYF4 laser with λ = 0.395 µm and an average output power of 2.3 W,” Quantum Electron. 28(3), 187–188 (1998).
[Crossref]

Karlov, V. N.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. I. Lyashenko, N. P. Isaev, V. N. Karlov, V. L. Pavlovich, S. N. Bagaev, A. V. Butashin, and L. E. Li, “Quasi-cw Pr3+:LiYF4 laser with λ = 0.395 µm and an average output power of 2.3 W,” Quantum Electron. 28(3), 187–188 (1998).
[Crossref]

Koch, R.

S. Bjurshagen, D. Evekull, and R. Koch, “Generation of blue light at 469 nm by efficient frequency doubling of diode pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Electron. Lett. 38(7), 324 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kruer, M.

L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, M. Kruer, F. Bartoli, L. S. Goldberg, H. P. Jenssen, A. Linz, and V. O. Nicolai, “Blue light emission by a Pr:LiYF4-laser operated at room temperature,” J. Appl. Phys. 48(2), 650–652 (1977).
[Crossref]

Li, L. E.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. I. Lyashenko, N. P. Isaev, V. N. Karlov, V. L. Pavlovich, S. N. Bagaev, A. V. Butashin, and L. E. Li, “Quasi-cw Pr3+:LiYF4 laser with λ = 0.395 µm and an average output power of 2.3 W,” Quantum Electron. 28(3), 187–188 (1998).
[Crossref]

Linz, A.

L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, M. Kruer, F. Bartoli, L. S. Goldberg, H. P. Jenssen, A. Linz, and V. O. Nicolai, “Blue light emission by a Pr:LiYF4-laser operated at room temperature,” J. Appl. Phys. 48(2), 650–652 (1977).
[Crossref]

Liu, M. G.

C. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, D. R. Yuan, D. Xu, G. H. Zhang, M. G. Liu, J. R. Lu, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “CW dual wavelength Nd:YAG laser at 946 and 938.5nm and intracavity nonlinear frequency conversion with a CMTC crystal,” Opt. Commun. 165(4-6), 231–235 (1999).
[Crossref]

Lu, J. R.

C. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, D. R. Yuan, D. Xu, G. H. Zhang, M. G. Liu, J. R. Lu, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “CW dual wavelength Nd:YAG laser at 946 and 938.5nm and intracavity nonlinear frequency conversion with a CMTC crystal,” Opt. Commun. 165(4-6), 231–235 (1999).
[Crossref]

Lupei, A.

A. Lupei, E. Antic-Fidancev, G. Aka, D. Vivien, P. Aschehoug, Ph. Goldner, F. Pelle, and L. Gheorghe, “Spectroscopic and crystal field studies of Nd3+ in GdCOB and YCOB,” Phys. Rev. B 65(22), 224518 (2002).
[Crossref]

Lyashenko, A. I.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. I. Lyashenko, N. P. Isaev, V. N. Karlov, V. L. Pavlovich, S. N. Bagaev, A. V. Butashin, and L. E. Li, “Quasi-cw Pr3+:LiYF4 laser with λ = 0.395 µm and an average output power of 2.3 W,” Quantum Electron. 28(3), 187–188 (1998).
[Crossref]

Merkle, L. D.

R. Moncorgé, L. D. Merkle, and B. Zandi, “UV-visible lasers based on rare-earth ions,” MRS Bulletin 24(9), 21–26 (1999).

Moncorgé, R.

P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, J. Bengoechea, and U. Weichmann, “Diode-pumped Pr(3+):KY(3)F(10) red laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(11), 1462–1464 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Moncorgé, L. D. Merkle, and B. Zandi, “UV-visible lasers based on rare-earth ions,” MRS Bulletin 24(9), 21–26 (1999).

Mougel, F.

F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, H. Hubert, J. M. Benitez, and D. Vivien, “Infrared laser performance and self-frequency doubling of Nd:GdCOB,” Opt. Mater. 8(3), 161–173 (1997).
[Crossref]

Nakanishi, J.

J. Nakanishi, T. Yamada, Y. Fujimoto, O. Ishii, and M. Yamazaki, “High power red laser oscillation of 311 mW in Pr3+ doped waterproof fluoro-aluminate glass fibre excited by GaN laser diode,” Electron. Lett. 46(18), 1285–1286 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nicolai, V. O.

L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, M. Kruer, F. Bartoli, L. S. Goldberg, H. P. Jenssen, A. Linz, and V. O. Nicolai, “Blue light emission by a Pr:LiYF4-laser operated at room temperature,” J. Appl. Phys. 48(2), 650–652 (1977).
[Crossref]

Osiac, E.

Ostroumov, V.

Pavlovich, V. L.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. I. Lyashenko, N. P. Isaev, V. N. Karlov, V. L. Pavlovich, S. N. Bagaev, A. V. Butashin, and L. E. Li, “Quasi-cw Pr3+:LiYF4 laser with λ = 0.395 µm and an average output power of 2.3 W,” Quantum Electron. 28(3), 187–188 (1998).
[Crossref]

Pelle, F.

A. Lupei, E. Antic-Fidancev, G. Aka, D. Vivien, P. Aschehoug, Ph. Goldner, F. Pelle, and L. Gheorghe, “Spectroscopic and crystal field studies of Nd3+ in GdCOB and YCOB,” Phys. Rev. B 65(22), 224518 (2002).
[Crossref]

Qian, L.

F. Jia, Q. Xue, Q. Zheng, Y. Bu, and L. Qian, “5.3W deep-blue light generation by intra-cavity frequency doubling of Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 83(2), 245–247 (2006).
[Crossref]

Richter, A.

Sandrock, T.

T. Sandrock, T. Danger, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. T. H. Chai, “Efficient continuous-wave laser emission of Pr3+-doped fluorides at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. B 58(2), 149–151 (1994).
[Crossref]

Seelert, W.

Shao, Z. S.

C. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, D. R. Yuan, D. Xu, G. H. Zhang, M. G. Liu, J. R. Lu, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “CW dual wavelength Nd:YAG laser at 946 and 938.5nm and intracavity nonlinear frequency conversion with a CMTC crystal,” Opt. Commun. 165(4-6), 231–235 (1999).
[Crossref]

Sutherland, J. M.

Taylor, J. R.

Tonelli, M.

Vivien, D.

A. Lupei, E. Antic-Fidancev, G. Aka, D. Vivien, P. Aschehoug, Ph. Goldner, F. Pelle, and L. Gheorghe, “Spectroscopic and crystal field studies of Nd3+ in GdCOB and YCOB,” Phys. Rev. B 65(22), 224518 (2002).
[Crossref]

F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, H. Hubert, J. M. Benitez, and D. Vivien, “Infrared laser performance and self-frequency doubling of Nd:GdCOB,” Opt. Mater. 8(3), 161–173 (1997).
[Crossref]

Wang, C. Q.

C. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, D. R. Yuan, D. Xu, G. H. Zhang, M. G. Liu, J. R. Lu, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “CW dual wavelength Nd:YAG laser at 946 and 938.5nm and intracavity nonlinear frequency conversion with a CMTC crystal,” Opt. Commun. 165(4-6), 231–235 (1999).
[Crossref]

Weichmann, U.

Xu, D.

C. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, D. R. Yuan, D. Xu, G. H. Zhang, M. G. Liu, J. R. Lu, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “CW dual wavelength Nd:YAG laser at 946 and 938.5nm and intracavity nonlinear frequency conversion with a CMTC crystal,” Opt. Commun. 165(4-6), 231–235 (1999).
[Crossref]

Xue, Q.

F. Jia, Q. Xue, Q. Zheng, Y. Bu, and L. Qian, “5.3W deep-blue light generation by intra-cavity frequency doubling of Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 83(2), 245–247 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yamada, T.

J. Nakanishi, T. Yamada, Y. Fujimoto, O. Ishii, and M. Yamazaki, “High power red laser oscillation of 311 mW in Pr3+ doped waterproof fluoro-aluminate glass fibre excited by GaN laser diode,” Electron. Lett. 46(18), 1285–1286 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yamazaki, M.

J. Nakanishi, T. Yamada, Y. Fujimoto, O. Ishii, and M. Yamazaki, “High power red laser oscillation of 311 mW in Pr3+ doped waterproof fluoro-aluminate glass fibre excited by GaN laser diode,” Electron. Lett. 46(18), 1285–1286 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yuan, D. R.

C. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, D. R. Yuan, D. Xu, G. H. Zhang, M. G. Liu, J. R. Lu, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “CW dual wavelength Nd:YAG laser at 946 and 938.5nm and intracavity nonlinear frequency conversion with a CMTC crystal,” Opt. Commun. 165(4-6), 231–235 (1999).
[Crossref]

Zandi, B.

R. Moncorgé, L. D. Merkle, and B. Zandi, “UV-visible lasers based on rare-earth ions,” MRS Bulletin 24(9), 21–26 (1999).

Zhang, G. H.

C. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, D. R. Yuan, D. Xu, G. H. Zhang, M. G. Liu, J. R. Lu, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “CW dual wavelength Nd:YAG laser at 946 and 938.5nm and intracavity nonlinear frequency conversion with a CMTC crystal,” Opt. Commun. 165(4-6), 231–235 (1999).
[Crossref]

Zheng, Q.

F. Jia, Q. Xue, Q. Zheng, Y. Bu, and L. Qian, “5.3W deep-blue light generation by intra-cavity frequency doubling of Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 83(2), 245–247 (2006).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

T. Sandrock, T. Danger, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. T. H. Chai, “Efficient continuous-wave laser emission of Pr3+-doped fluorides at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. B 58(2), 149–151 (1994).
[Crossref]

F. Jia, Q. Xue, Q. Zheng, Y. Bu, and L. Qian, “5.3W deep-blue light generation by intra-cavity frequency doubling of Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 83(2), 245–247 (2006).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (2)

J. Nakanishi, T. Yamada, Y. Fujimoto, O. Ishii, and M. Yamazaki, “High power red laser oscillation of 311 mW in Pr3+ doped waterproof fluoro-aluminate glass fibre excited by GaN laser diode,” Electron. Lett. 46(18), 1285–1286 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Bjurshagen, D. Evekull, and R. Koch, “Generation of blue light at 469 nm by efficient frequency doubling of diode pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Electron. Lett. 38(7), 324 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

L. Esterowitz, R. Allen, M. Kruer, F. Bartoli, L. S. Goldberg, H. P. Jenssen, A. Linz, and V. O. Nicolai, “Blue light emission by a Pr:LiYF4-laser operated at room temperature,” J. Appl. Phys. 48(2), 650–652 (1977).
[Crossref]

MRS Bulletin (1)

R. Moncorgé, L. D. Merkle, and B. Zandi, “UV-visible lasers based on rare-earth ions,” MRS Bulletin 24(9), 21–26 (1999).

Opt. Commun. (1)

C. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, D. R. Yuan, D. Xu, G. H. Zhang, M. G. Liu, J. R. Lu, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “CW dual wavelength Nd:YAG laser at 946 and 938.5nm and intracavity nonlinear frequency conversion with a CMTC crystal,” Opt. Commun. 165(4-6), 231–235 (1999).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Mater. (1)

F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, H. Hubert, J. M. Benitez, and D. Vivien, “Infrared laser performance and self-frequency doubling of Nd:GdCOB,” Opt. Mater. 8(3), 161–173 (1997).
[Crossref]

Phys. Lett. (1)

D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, “The measurement of internal losses in 4-level lasers,” Phys. Lett. 20(3), 277–278 (1966).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

A. Lupei, E. Antic-Fidancev, G. Aka, D. Vivien, P. Aschehoug, Ph. Goldner, F. Pelle, and L. Gheorghe, “Spectroscopic and crystal field studies of Nd3+ in GdCOB and YCOB,” Phys. Rev. B 65(22), 224518 (2002).
[Crossref]

Quantum Electron. (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, A. I. Lyashenko, N. P. Isaev, V. N. Karlov, V. L. Pavlovich, S. N. Bagaev, A. V. Butashin, and L. E. Li, “Quasi-cw Pr3+:LiYF4 laser with λ = 0.395 µm and an average output power of 2.3 W,” Quantum Electron. 28(3), 187–188 (1998).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

E. Heumann, C. Czeranowski, T. Kellner, and G. Huber, “An efficient all-solid-state Pr3+:LiYF4 laser in the visible spectral range,” Technical Digest CLEO’99, paper CTuG1, p86, (Baltimore, 1999).

A. A. Kaminskii, Crystalline lasers: Physical Processes and Operating Schemes, (CRC Press, Florida, 1996).

B. Xu, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, Z. P. Cai, F. Balembois and R. Moncorgé, “Efficient three wavelengths blue laser generation by simultaneous frequency-doubling and sum-frequency mixing in a diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser cavity,” (submitted)

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Room temperature absorption spectra of Pr:LLF, Pr:YLF and Pr:KYF in the blue spectral range.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output power of the blue Nd:YAG pump laser versus laser wavelength (left) and beam waist diameter near the focal point (right) in the x and y directions

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup for the Pr3+ cavity.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Optimized output power versus absorbed pump power curves for the 3P03F2 red laser emissions of the investigated crystals. (b) Findlay-Clay analysis of the 3P03F2 red laser emissions of the investigated crystals.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Optimized output power versus absorbed pump power curves for the 3P03H6 orange emissions of the investigated crystals. (b) Optimized output power versus absorbed pump power curve for the 3P13H5 green laser emissions of the investigated crystals.

Tables (2)

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Table 1 Nd3+ doped materials for infrared laser emission around 938 nm.

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Table 2 Parameters of the Pr3+-doped fluorides in laser experiments

Equations (1)

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P t h , a b s P t h , a b s = L ln ( R ) L ln ( R )

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