Abstract

We report the extraordinary terahertz (THz) transmission through subwavelength hole array in superconducting NbN film. As the temperature drops below the superconducting transition temperature, the transmission spectra experience distinct changes. The extraordinary transmission is greatly enhanced in superconducting state due to the enhancement of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) and localized surface plasmons (LSPs). We have also observed temperature-dependent resonance frequency shift, which mainly depends on the coupling between SPPs and LSPs.

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  7. J. B. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, “Mimicking surface plasmons with structured surfaces,” Science 305(5685), 847–848 (2004).
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  8. A. Tsiatmas, A. R. Buckingham, V. A. Fedotov, S. Wang, Y. Chen, P. A. J. de Groot, and N. I. Zheludev, “Superconducting plasmonics and extraordinary transmission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(11), 111106 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Z. Tian, R. Singh, J. Han, J. Gu, Q. Xing, J. Wu, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz superconducting plasmonic hole array,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3586–3588 (2010).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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2010

A. Tsiatmas, A. R. Buckingham, V. A. Fedotov, S. Wang, Y. Chen, P. A. J. de Groot, and N. I. Zheludev, “Superconducting plasmonics and extraordinary transmission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(11), 111106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tian, R. Singh, J. Han, J. Gu, Q. Xing, J. Wu, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz superconducting plasmonic hole array,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3586–3588 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Seo, J. Kyoung, H. Park, S. Koo, H. S. Kim, H. Bernien, B. J. Kim, J. H. Choe, Y. H. Ahn, H.-T. Kim, N. Park, Q.-H. Park, K. Ahn, and D.-S. Kim, “Active terahertz nanoantennas based on VO2 phase transition,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2064–2068 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

B. B. Jin, T. Dahm, S.-I. Lee, and N. Klein, “Anomalous coherence peak in the microwave conductivity of MgB2 thin film at 7.2 GHz,” Physica C 468(11-12), 861–864 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, D. J. Shu, M. Wang, X. Lu, J. Shao, W. Lu, and N. B. Ming, “Role of interference between localized and propagating surface waves on the extraordinary optical transmission through a subwavelength-aperture array,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(8), 087401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H.-T. Chen, H. Lu, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, A. C. Gossard, S. A. Trugman, J. F. O’Hara, and A. J. Taylor, “Electronic control of extraordinary terahertz transmission through subwavelength metal hole arrays,” Opt. Express 16(11), 7641–7648 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Zhang, “Resonant terahertz transmission in plasmonic arrays of subwavelength holes,” Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. 43(1), 1–18 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445(7123), 39–46 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Han, A. K. Azad, M. Gong, X. Lu, and W. Zhang, “Coupling between surface plasmons and nonresonant transmission in subwavelength holes at terahertz frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(7), 071122 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

A. K. Azad, Y. Zhao, W. Zhang, and M. He, “Effect of dielectric properties of metals on terahertz transmission subwavelength hole arrays,” Opt. Lett. 31(17), 2637–2639 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

A. K. Azad and W. Zhang, “Resonant terahertz transmission in subwavelength metallic hole arrays of sub-skin-depth thickness,” Opt. Lett. 30(21), 2945–2947 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

A. Degiron, H. J. Lezec, N. Yamamoto, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Optical transmission properties of a single subwavelength aperture in a real metal,” Opt. Commun. 239(1-3), 61–66 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Koerkamp, S. Enoch, F. B. Segerink, N. F. van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, “Strong influence of hole shape on extraordinary transmission through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(18), 183901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Qu, D. Grischkowsky, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz transmission properties of thin, subwavelength metallic hole arrays,” Opt. Lett. 29(8), 896–898 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, “Mimicking surface plasmons with structured surfaces,” Science 305(5685), 847–848 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Genet, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Fano-type interpretation of red shifts and red tails in hole array transmission spectra,” Opt. Commun. 225(4-6), 331–336 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1998

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1994

S. D. Brorson, R. Buhleier, J. O. White, I. E. Trofimov, H.-U. Habermeier, and J. Kuhl, “Kinetic inductance and penetration depth of thin superconducting films measured by THz-pulse spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 49(9), 6185–6187 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ahn, K.

M. Seo, J. Kyoung, H. Park, S. Koo, H. S. Kim, H. Bernien, B. J. Kim, J. H. Choe, Y. H. Ahn, H.-T. Kim, N. Park, Q.-H. Park, K. Ahn, and D.-S. Kim, “Active terahertz nanoantennas based on VO2 phase transition,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2064–2068 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ahn, Y. H.

M. Seo, J. Kyoung, H. Park, S. Koo, H. S. Kim, H. Bernien, B. J. Kim, J. H. Choe, Y. H. Ahn, H.-T. Kim, N. Park, Q.-H. Park, K. Ahn, and D.-S. Kim, “Active terahertz nanoantennas based on VO2 phase transition,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2064–2068 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Averitt, R. D.

H.-T. Chen, H. Lu, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, A. C. Gossard, S. A. Trugman, J. F. O’Hara, and A. J. Taylor, “Electronic control of extraordinary terahertz transmission through subwavelength metal hole arrays,” Opt. Express 16(11), 7641–7648 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Azad, A. K.

H.-T. Chen, H. Lu, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, A. C. Gossard, S. A. Trugman, J. F. O’Hara, and A. J. Taylor, “Electronic control of extraordinary terahertz transmission through subwavelength metal hole arrays,” Opt. Express 16(11), 7641–7648 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Han, A. K. Azad, M. Gong, X. Lu, and W. Zhang, “Coupling between surface plasmons and nonresonant transmission in subwavelength holes at terahertz frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(7), 071122 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Azad, Y. Zhao, W. Zhang, and M. He, “Effect of dielectric properties of metals on terahertz transmission subwavelength hole arrays,” Opt. Lett. 31(17), 2637–2639 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. K. Azad and W. Zhang, “Resonant terahertz transmission in subwavelength metallic hole arrays of sub-skin-depth thickness,” Opt. Lett. 30(21), 2945–2947 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bao, Y. J.

Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, D. J. Shu, M. Wang, X. Lu, J. Shao, W. Lu, and N. B. Ming, “Role of interference between localized and propagating surface waves on the extraordinary optical transmission through a subwavelength-aperture array,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(8), 087401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bernien, H.

M. Seo, J. Kyoung, H. Park, S. Koo, H. S. Kim, H. Bernien, B. J. Kim, J. H. Choe, Y. H. Ahn, H.-T. Kim, N. Park, Q.-H. Park, K. Ahn, and D.-S. Kim, “Active terahertz nanoantennas based on VO2 phase transition,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2064–2068 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brorson, S. D.

S. D. Brorson, R. Buhleier, J. O. White, I. E. Trofimov, H.-U. Habermeier, and J. Kuhl, “Kinetic inductance and penetration depth of thin superconducting films measured by THz-pulse spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 49(9), 6185–6187 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Buckingham, A. R.

A. Tsiatmas, A. R. Buckingham, V. A. Fedotov, S. Wang, Y. Chen, P. A. J. de Groot, and N. I. Zheludev, “Superconducting plasmonics and extraordinary transmission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(11), 111106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Buhleier, R.

S. D. Brorson, R. Buhleier, J. O. White, I. E. Trofimov, H.-U. Habermeier, and J. Kuhl, “Kinetic inductance and penetration depth of thin superconducting films measured by THz-pulse spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 49(9), 6185–6187 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, H.-T.

H.-T. Chen, H. Lu, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, A. C. Gossard, S. A. Trugman, J. F. O’Hara, and A. J. Taylor, “Electronic control of extraordinary terahertz transmission through subwavelength metal hole arrays,” Opt. Express 16(11), 7641–7648 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.

A. Tsiatmas, A. R. Buckingham, V. A. Fedotov, S. Wang, Y. Chen, P. A. J. de Groot, and N. I. Zheludev, “Superconducting plasmonics and extraordinary transmission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(11), 111106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Choe, J. H.

M. Seo, J. Kyoung, H. Park, S. Koo, H. S. Kim, H. Bernien, B. J. Kim, J. H. Choe, Y. H. Ahn, H.-T. Kim, N. Park, Q.-H. Park, K. Ahn, and D.-S. Kim, “Active terahertz nanoantennas based on VO2 phase transition,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2064–2068 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dahm, T.

B. B. Jin, T. Dahm, S.-I. Lee, and N. Klein, “Anomalous coherence peak in the microwave conductivity of MgB2 thin film at 7.2 GHz,” Physica C 468(11-12), 861–864 (2008).
[CrossRef]

de Groot, P. A. J.

A. Tsiatmas, A. R. Buckingham, V. A. Fedotov, S. Wang, Y. Chen, P. A. J. de Groot, and N. I. Zheludev, “Superconducting plasmonics and extraordinary transmission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(11), 111106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Degiron, A.

A. Degiron, H. J. Lezec, N. Yamamoto, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Optical transmission properties of a single subwavelength aperture in a real metal,” Opt. Commun. 239(1-3), 61–66 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dereux, A.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ebbesen, T. W.

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445(7123), 39–46 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Degiron, H. J. Lezec, N. Yamamoto, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Optical transmission properties of a single subwavelength aperture in a real metal,” Opt. Commun. 239(1-3), 61–66 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Enoch, S.

K. J. Koerkamp, S. Enoch, F. B. Segerink, N. F. van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, “Strong influence of hole shape on extraordinary transmission through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(18), 183901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fedotov, V. A.

A. Tsiatmas, A. R. Buckingham, V. A. Fedotov, S. Wang, Y. Chen, P. A. J. de Groot, and N. I. Zheludev, “Superconducting plasmonics and extraordinary transmission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(11), 111106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

J. B. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, “Mimicking surface plasmons with structured surfaces,” Science 305(5685), 847–848 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Genet, C.

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445(7123), 39–46 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Genet, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Fano-type interpretation of red shifts and red tails in hole array transmission spectra,” Opt. Commun. 225(4-6), 331–336 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ghaemi, H. F.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gong, M.

J. Han, A. K. Azad, M. Gong, X. Lu, and W. Zhang, “Coupling between surface plasmons and nonresonant transmission in subwavelength holes at terahertz frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(7), 071122 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gossard, A. C.

H.-T. Chen, H. Lu, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, A. C. Gossard, S. A. Trugman, J. F. O’Hara, and A. J. Taylor, “Electronic control of extraordinary terahertz transmission through subwavelength metal hole arrays,” Opt. Express 16(11), 7641–7648 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grischkowsky, D.

D. Qu, D. Grischkowsky, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz transmission properties of thin, subwavelength metallic hole arrays,” Opt. Lett. 29(8), 896–898 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gu, J.

Z. Tian, R. Singh, J. Han, J. Gu, Q. Xing, J. Wu, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz superconducting plasmonic hole array,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3586–3588 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Habermeier, H.-U.

S. D. Brorson, R. Buhleier, J. O. White, I. E. Trofimov, H.-U. Habermeier, and J. Kuhl, “Kinetic inductance and penetration depth of thin superconducting films measured by THz-pulse spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 49(9), 6185–6187 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Han, J.

Z. Tian, R. Singh, J. Han, J. Gu, Q. Xing, J. Wu, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz superconducting plasmonic hole array,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3586–3588 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Han, A. K. Azad, M. Gong, X. Lu, and W. Zhang, “Coupling between surface plasmons and nonresonant transmission in subwavelength holes at terahertz frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(7), 071122 (2007).
[CrossRef]

He, M.

A. K. Azad, Y. Zhao, W. Zhang, and M. He, “Effect of dielectric properties of metals on terahertz transmission subwavelength hole arrays,” Opt. Lett. 31(17), 2637–2639 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jin, B. B.

B. B. Jin, T. Dahm, S.-I. Lee, and N. Klein, “Anomalous coherence peak in the microwave conductivity of MgB2 thin film at 7.2 GHz,” Physica C 468(11-12), 861–864 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B. J.

M. Seo, J. Kyoung, H. Park, S. Koo, H. S. Kim, H. Bernien, B. J. Kim, J. H. Choe, Y. H. Ahn, H.-T. Kim, N. Park, Q.-H. Park, K. Ahn, and D.-S. Kim, “Active terahertz nanoantennas based on VO2 phase transition,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2064–2068 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, D.-S.

M. Seo, J. Kyoung, H. Park, S. Koo, H. S. Kim, H. Bernien, B. J. Kim, J. H. Choe, Y. H. Ahn, H.-T. Kim, N. Park, Q.-H. Park, K. Ahn, and D.-S. Kim, “Active terahertz nanoantennas based on VO2 phase transition,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2064–2068 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, H. S.

M. Seo, J. Kyoung, H. Park, S. Koo, H. S. Kim, H. Bernien, B. J. Kim, J. H. Choe, Y. H. Ahn, H.-T. Kim, N. Park, Q.-H. Park, K. Ahn, and D.-S. Kim, “Active terahertz nanoantennas based on VO2 phase transition,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2064–2068 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, H.-T.

M. Seo, J. Kyoung, H. Park, S. Koo, H. S. Kim, H. Bernien, B. J. Kim, J. H. Choe, Y. H. Ahn, H.-T. Kim, N. Park, Q.-H. Park, K. Ahn, and D.-S. Kim, “Active terahertz nanoantennas based on VO2 phase transition,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2064–2068 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Klein, N.

B. B. Jin, T. Dahm, S.-I. Lee, and N. Klein, “Anomalous coherence peak in the microwave conductivity of MgB2 thin film at 7.2 GHz,” Physica C 468(11-12), 861–864 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Koerkamp, K. J.

K. J. Koerkamp, S. Enoch, F. B. Segerink, N. F. van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, “Strong influence of hole shape on extraordinary transmission through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(18), 183901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koo, S.

M. Seo, J. Kyoung, H. Park, S. Koo, H. S. Kim, H. Bernien, B. J. Kim, J. H. Choe, Y. H. Ahn, H.-T. Kim, N. Park, Q.-H. Park, K. Ahn, and D.-S. Kim, “Active terahertz nanoantennas based on VO2 phase transition,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2064–2068 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuhl, J.

S. D. Brorson, R. Buhleier, J. O. White, I. E. Trofimov, H.-U. Habermeier, and J. Kuhl, “Kinetic inductance and penetration depth of thin superconducting films measured by THz-pulse spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 49(9), 6185–6187 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuipers, L.

K. J. Koerkamp, S. Enoch, F. B. Segerink, N. F. van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, “Strong influence of hole shape on extraordinary transmission through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(18), 183901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kyoung, J.

M. Seo, J. Kyoung, H. Park, S. Koo, H. S. Kim, H. Bernien, B. J. Kim, J. H. Choe, Y. H. Ahn, H.-T. Kim, N. Park, Q.-H. Park, K. Ahn, and D.-S. Kim, “Active terahertz nanoantennas based on VO2 phase transition,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2064–2068 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, S.-I.

B. B. Jin, T. Dahm, S.-I. Lee, and N. Klein, “Anomalous coherence peak in the microwave conductivity of MgB2 thin film at 7.2 GHz,” Physica C 468(11-12), 861–864 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lezec, H. J.

A. Degiron, H. J. Lezec, N. Yamamoto, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Optical transmission properties of a single subwavelength aperture in a real metal,” Opt. Commun. 239(1-3), 61–66 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lu, H.

H.-T. Chen, H. Lu, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, A. C. Gossard, S. A. Trugman, J. F. O’Hara, and A. J. Taylor, “Electronic control of extraordinary terahertz transmission through subwavelength metal hole arrays,” Opt. Express 16(11), 7641–7648 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, W.

Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, D. J. Shu, M. Wang, X. Lu, J. Shao, W. Lu, and N. B. Ming, “Role of interference between localized and propagating surface waves on the extraordinary optical transmission through a subwavelength-aperture array,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(8), 087401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, X.

Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, D. J. Shu, M. Wang, X. Lu, J. Shao, W. Lu, and N. B. Ming, “Role of interference between localized and propagating surface waves on the extraordinary optical transmission through a subwavelength-aperture array,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(8), 087401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Han, A. K. Azad, M. Gong, X. Lu, and W. Zhang, “Coupling between surface plasmons and nonresonant transmission in subwavelength holes at terahertz frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(7), 071122 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Martín-Moreno, L.

J. B. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, “Mimicking surface plasmons with structured surfaces,” Science 305(5685), 847–848 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ming, N. B.

Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, D. J. Shu, M. Wang, X. Lu, J. Shao, W. Lu, and N. B. Ming, “Role of interference between localized and propagating surface waves on the extraordinary optical transmission through a subwavelength-aperture array,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(8), 087401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O’Hara, J. F.

H.-T. Chen, H. Lu, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, A. C. Gossard, S. A. Trugman, J. F. O’Hara, and A. J. Taylor, “Electronic control of extraordinary terahertz transmission through subwavelength metal hole arrays,” Opt. Express 16(11), 7641–7648 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, H.

M. Seo, J. Kyoung, H. Park, S. Koo, H. S. Kim, H. Bernien, B. J. Kim, J. H. Choe, Y. H. Ahn, H.-T. Kim, N. Park, Q.-H. Park, K. Ahn, and D.-S. Kim, “Active terahertz nanoantennas based on VO2 phase transition,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2064–2068 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, N.

M. Seo, J. Kyoung, H. Park, S. Koo, H. S. Kim, H. Bernien, B. J. Kim, J. H. Choe, Y. H. Ahn, H.-T. Kim, N. Park, Q.-H. Park, K. Ahn, and D.-S. Kim, “Active terahertz nanoantennas based on VO2 phase transition,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2064–2068 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, Q.-H.

M. Seo, J. Kyoung, H. Park, S. Koo, H. S. Kim, H. Bernien, B. J. Kim, J. H. Choe, Y. H. Ahn, H.-T. Kim, N. Park, Q.-H. Park, K. Ahn, and D.-S. Kim, “Active terahertz nanoantennas based on VO2 phase transition,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2064–2068 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pendry, J. B.

J. B. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, “Mimicking surface plasmons with structured surfaces,” Science 305(5685), 847–848 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peng, R. W.

Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, D. J. Shu, M. Wang, X. Lu, J. Shao, W. Lu, and N. B. Ming, “Role of interference between localized and propagating surface waves on the extraordinary optical transmission through a subwavelength-aperture array,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(8), 087401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qu, D.

D. Qu, D. Grischkowsky, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz transmission properties of thin, subwavelength metallic hole arrays,” Opt. Lett. 29(8), 896–898 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Segerink, F. B.

K. J. Koerkamp, S. Enoch, F. B. Segerink, N. F. van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, “Strong influence of hole shape on extraordinary transmission through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(18), 183901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seo, M.

M. Seo, J. Kyoung, H. Park, S. Koo, H. S. Kim, H. Bernien, B. J. Kim, J. H. Choe, Y. H. Ahn, H.-T. Kim, N. Park, Q.-H. Park, K. Ahn, and D.-S. Kim, “Active terahertz nanoantennas based on VO2 phase transition,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2064–2068 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shao, J.

Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, D. J. Shu, M. Wang, X. Lu, J. Shao, W. Lu, and N. B. Ming, “Role of interference between localized and propagating surface waves on the extraordinary optical transmission through a subwavelength-aperture array,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(8), 087401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shu, D. J.

Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, D. J. Shu, M. Wang, X. Lu, J. Shao, W. Lu, and N. B. Ming, “Role of interference between localized and propagating surface waves on the extraordinary optical transmission through a subwavelength-aperture array,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(8), 087401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Singh, R.

Z. Tian, R. Singh, J. Han, J. Gu, Q. Xing, J. Wu, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz superconducting plasmonic hole array,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3586–3588 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taylor, A. J.

H.-T. Chen, H. Lu, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, A. C. Gossard, S. A. Trugman, J. F. O’Hara, and A. J. Taylor, “Electronic control of extraordinary terahertz transmission through subwavelength metal hole arrays,” Opt. Express 16(11), 7641–7648 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thio, T.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tian, Z.

Z. Tian, R. Singh, J. Han, J. Gu, Q. Xing, J. Wu, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz superconducting plasmonic hole array,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3586–3588 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Trofimov, I. E.

S. D. Brorson, R. Buhleier, J. O. White, I. E. Trofimov, H.-U. Habermeier, and J. Kuhl, “Kinetic inductance and penetration depth of thin superconducting films measured by THz-pulse spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 49(9), 6185–6187 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Trugman, S. A.

H.-T. Chen, H. Lu, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, A. C. Gossard, S. A. Trugman, J. F. O’Hara, and A. J. Taylor, “Electronic control of extraordinary terahertz transmission through subwavelength metal hole arrays,” Opt. Express 16(11), 7641–7648 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tsiatmas, A.

A. Tsiatmas, A. R. Buckingham, V. A. Fedotov, S. Wang, Y. Chen, P. A. J. de Groot, and N. I. Zheludev, “Superconducting plasmonics and extraordinary transmission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(11), 111106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

van Exter, M. P.

C. Genet, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Fano-type interpretation of red shifts and red tails in hole array transmission spectra,” Opt. Commun. 225(4-6), 331–336 (2003).
[CrossRef]

van Hulst, N. F.

K. J. Koerkamp, S. Enoch, F. B. Segerink, N. F. van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, “Strong influence of hole shape on extraordinary transmission through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(18), 183901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, M.

Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, D. J. Shu, M. Wang, X. Lu, J. Shao, W. Lu, and N. B. Ming, “Role of interference between localized and propagating surface waves on the extraordinary optical transmission through a subwavelength-aperture array,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(8), 087401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, S.

A. Tsiatmas, A. R. Buckingham, V. A. Fedotov, S. Wang, Y. Chen, P. A. J. de Groot, and N. I. Zheludev, “Superconducting plasmonics and extraordinary transmission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(11), 111106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

White, J. O.

S. D. Brorson, R. Buhleier, J. O. White, I. E. Trofimov, H.-U. Habermeier, and J. Kuhl, “Kinetic inductance and penetration depth of thin superconducting films measured by THz-pulse spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 49(9), 6185–6187 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Woerdman, J. P.

C. Genet, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Fano-type interpretation of red shifts and red tails in hole array transmission spectra,” Opt. Commun. 225(4-6), 331–336 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wolff, P. A.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J.

Z. Tian, R. Singh, J. Han, J. Gu, Q. Xing, J. Wu, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz superconducting plasmonic hole array,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3586–3588 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xing, Q.

Z. Tian, R. Singh, J. Han, J. Gu, Q. Xing, J. Wu, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz superconducting plasmonic hole array,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3586–3588 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamamoto, N.

A. Degiron, H. J. Lezec, N. Yamamoto, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Optical transmission properties of a single subwavelength aperture in a real metal,” Opt. Commun. 239(1-3), 61–66 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W.

Z. Tian, R. Singh, J. Han, J. Gu, Q. Xing, J. Wu, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz superconducting plasmonic hole array,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3586–3588 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Zhang, “Resonant terahertz transmission in plasmonic arrays of subwavelength holes,” Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. 43(1), 1–18 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Han, A. K. Azad, M. Gong, X. Lu, and W. Zhang, “Coupling between surface plasmons and nonresonant transmission in subwavelength holes at terahertz frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(7), 071122 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Azad, Y. Zhao, W. Zhang, and M. He, “Effect of dielectric properties of metals on terahertz transmission subwavelength hole arrays,” Opt. Lett. 31(17), 2637–2639 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. K. Azad and W. Zhang, “Resonant terahertz transmission in subwavelength metallic hole arrays of sub-skin-depth thickness,” Opt. Lett. 30(21), 2945–2947 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Qu, D. Grischkowsky, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz transmission properties of thin, subwavelength metallic hole arrays,” Opt. Lett. 29(8), 896–898 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, Y.

A. K. Azad, Y. Zhao, W. Zhang, and M. He, “Effect of dielectric properties of metals on terahertz transmission subwavelength hole arrays,” Opt. Lett. 31(17), 2637–2639 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zheludev, N. I.

A. Tsiatmas, A. R. Buckingham, V. A. Fedotov, S. Wang, Y. Chen, P. A. J. de Groot, and N. I. Zheludev, “Superconducting plasmonics and extraordinary transmission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(11), 111106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

A. Tsiatmas, A. R. Buckingham, V. A. Fedotov, S. Wang, Y. Chen, P. A. J. de Groot, and N. I. Zheludev, “Superconducting plasmonics and extraordinary transmission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(11), 111106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Han, A. K. Azad, M. Gong, X. Lu, and W. Zhang, “Coupling between surface plasmons and nonresonant transmission in subwavelength holes at terahertz frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(7), 071122 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.

W. Zhang, “Resonant terahertz transmission in plasmonic arrays of subwavelength holes,” Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. 43(1), 1–18 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett.

M. Seo, J. Kyoung, H. Park, S. Koo, H. S. Kim, H. Bernien, B. J. Kim, J. H. Choe, Y. H. Ahn, H.-T. Kim, N. Park, Q.-H. Park, K. Ahn, and D.-S. Kim, “Active terahertz nanoantennas based on VO2 phase transition,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2064–2068 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445(7123), 39–46 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun.

A. Degiron, H. J. Lezec, N. Yamamoto, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Optical transmission properties of a single subwavelength aperture in a real metal,” Opt. Commun. 239(1-3), 61–66 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Genet, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Fano-type interpretation of red shifts and red tails in hole array transmission spectra,” Opt. Commun. 225(4-6), 331–336 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

H.-T. Chen, H. Lu, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, A. C. Gossard, S. A. Trugman, J. F. O’Hara, and A. J. Taylor, “Electronic control of extraordinary terahertz transmission through subwavelength metal hole arrays,” Opt. Express 16(11), 7641–7648 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

D. Qu, D. Grischkowsky, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz transmission properties of thin, subwavelength metallic hole arrays,” Opt. Lett. 29(8), 896–898 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. K. Azad, Y. Zhao, W. Zhang, and M. He, “Effect of dielectric properties of metals on terahertz transmission subwavelength hole arrays,” Opt. Lett. 31(17), 2637–2639 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. K. Azad and W. Zhang, “Resonant terahertz transmission in subwavelength metallic hole arrays of sub-skin-depth thickness,” Opt. Lett. 30(21), 2945–2947 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Tian, R. Singh, J. Han, J. Gu, Q. Xing, J. Wu, and W. Zhang, “Terahertz superconducting plasmonic hole array,” Opt. Lett. 35(21), 3586–3588 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter

S. D. Brorson, R. Buhleier, J. O. White, I. E. Trofimov, H.-U. Habermeier, and J. Kuhl, “Kinetic inductance and penetration depth of thin superconducting films measured by THz-pulse spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 49(9), 6185–6187 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

K. J. Koerkamp, S. Enoch, F. B. Segerink, N. F. van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, “Strong influence of hole shape on extraordinary transmission through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(18), 183901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, D. J. Shu, M. Wang, X. Lu, J. Shao, W. Lu, and N. B. Ming, “Role of interference between localized and propagating surface waves on the extraordinary optical transmission through a subwavelength-aperture array,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(8), 087401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Physica C

B. B. Jin, T. Dahm, S.-I. Lee, and N. Klein, “Anomalous coherence peak in the microwave conductivity of MgB2 thin film at 7.2 GHz,” Physica C 468(11-12), 861–864 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Science

J. B. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, “Mimicking surface plasmons with structured surfaces,” Science 305(5685), 847–848 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

A. Pimenov, Submillimeter-Wave Electrodynamics of Superconductors, (Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultät der Universität Augsburg, Augsburg, 2001), Chap.2.

H. Raether, Surface plasmons on smooth and rough surfaces and on gratings, (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), Chap.2.

Y. Bao, Studies on Extraordinary Transmission of Sub-wavelength Apertures in Infrared Region, (Ph.D. thesis, Nanjing University, 2008)

M. Tinkham, Introduction to superconductivity, (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1980)

B. A. Munk, Frequency Selective Surface,Theory and Design, (Wiley, New York, 2000), Chap. 1.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Microscopic images of (a) Sample 1 with geometrical parameters a = 100 μm, b = 30 μm and the period is P = 120 μm, and (b) Sample 3 with circular holes of diameters d = 80 μm, and the period is P = 120 μm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

THz Transmission spectra of Sample 1 at various temperatures.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured (a) resonance frequency and (b) transmission peak as a function of temperature for Sample 1 and 2.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured (a) real part and imaginary part of dielectric constants and (b) the propagation length of NbN film at 0.6 THz as a function of T/Tc.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Diagram of rectangle hole array in NbN film and (b) the equivalent circuit.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) THz transmission spectra at various temperature and (b) resonance frequency and transmission peak as a function of temperature for Sample 3.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

δ s p = 1 / 2 Im ( k s p ) = c / 2 ω Im ( ε m ε d ε m + ε d ) 1 / 2 ,
T = 1 + n s 1 + n s + Z 0 / Z ,

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